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# Area of Composite Figures

Strand: Geometry

## a. Find the area of composite figures formed by any two or more of

the following: square, rectangle, triangle, circle or semi-circle
b. Solve routine and non-routine problems involving area of composite
figures formed by any two or more of the following: square, rectangle, triangle, circle or
semi-circle

## Multiplying and dividing numbers, concept of area of plane figures

The concept of area is first learned by pupils in Grade 4. In most cases, when the concept
is being learned, pupils are provided with drawings or models of polygons. They multiply the
length of the sides of the polygons and other features guided by the derived formula to
determine the area of certain plane.

In this lesson, the pupils are given a composite figure. This task is to divide or dissect an
irregular figure to plane figures. They will get the area of each plane figure then add the areas
to get the total area of the given composite figure.

Objectives

## • Recall the concept of area

• Divide or dissect composite figures to simple plane
• Find the area of regular and irregular plane figures
Instructional Procedure:

## Mrs. Beauty has an irregular -shaped lot. She wants it to be creatively

landscaped. If you are the landscaper, divide the lot and assign an area
16 m for the following: pebbles, Bermuda grass and flowering plants. What
possible designs can you suggest?

Based on your design, solve for the number of square meters allotted for
each partition. What is the total area of the lot? Call pupils to read the
problem and ask the following questions:
26 m
54 m
18 m

80 m

## What do we need to do if we are the landscaper?

We will divide the lot and assign the area for pebbles, Bermuda grass and flowering plants.

## We want to find the possible designs of the lot.

We want to solve for the number of square units allotted for each partition.

## We want to find the total area of the lot.

Solution:
16 m
Pebbles
54 m

36 m
Flowering
54 m Plants
26 m
Bermuda
18 m
Grass

Solution:
16 m
Pebbles

54 m

Bermuda
Grass 36 m

Flowering Plants 18 m
80 m

Solution:

16 m
Pebbles

54 m

Flowering 36 m
54 m Plants
26 m
Bermuda
Grass
18 m
Pebbles 18 m
54 m

C. Development of Concepts

## Let the pupils explain how they get their answers.

For solution 1,

The design would be triangle- pebbles, square would be flowering plants and triangle
would be Bermuda grass. To be able to get the total area of the following.
Triangle = ½ (b)(h) 1 x 54 x 16 = 432m2 for pebbles, then Square= s x s= 54 x 54 = 2916m2
2
And the Rectangle= LxW 26x18= 468m2

2.

Solution:
16 m
Pebbles

54 m

Bermuda
Grass 36 m

Flowering Plants 18 m
80 m
For solution 2,
The design would be triangle- pebbles, the upper rectangle would be Bermuda grass
and the upper rectangle would be the flowering plants. To get the total area, there will be a
need to get the areas of the triangle, the square and the rectangle. Given is the formula of a
triangle. Area of a triangle is equal to one half of the product of base and the height divided by
two, which is 432 designated for pebbles.
Triangle = ½ (b)(h) 1 x 54 x 16 = 432m2 for pebbles
2
For the upper rectangle, the A= l x w is followed. Substituting the measurements of the sides
which is 54m and 36m will give us the product = 1,944 m2 designated to Bermuda Grass.

Lastly , for the lower triangle, the same formula is used. A=l x w. Substituting 80m for length
and 18m for the width will give us the product 1,440 designated for flowering plants.

3.

Solution:

16 m
Pebbles

54 m

Flowering 36 m
54 m Plants
26 m
Bermuda 18 m
Pebbles 18 m Grass
54 m

For solution 3,
The design has two triangles, a trapezoid and a rectangle. The upper triangle, the same
formula is used. Area is equal to one half of the product of base and the height divided by two,
which is 432 designated for pebbles.

For the rectangle, multiplying the length which is 26m and 18m as width will give us the area
equal to 468 designated for Bermuda grass.
For the second triangle which measures 54m as the base and 18m as the height. Getting the
product and divided it by two, gives us the area 486m2.

For the trapezoid, the formula Area is equal to base 1 plus base 2 divided by two multiplied by
the measure of the height will give the area 2,430m2.

To get the total area of the garden, we need to add the areas of all plane figures designated to
be planted with Bermuda grass and flowering plants and for the pebbles. Adding the first area
432m + 1,944m + 1,440m will give us the sum 3,816m2 which is the total area of the garden.