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Function in Reference to

the sentence
People Things / concepts Place Time Reason
Subject who, that which, that
Object (that, who, whom)* (which, that)* where when why
Possessive whose whose, of which
 This is the boy (who) I told you about.
 This is the car which had an accident.
 This is the girl whose father works for the government.
 This is the hotel where we stayed last year.
 This is where I lived when I first came to France.
 That was the reason (why) I left England.

Look at how we use them in a text:


Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument which is located in the English county of Wiltshire. It is one of the most
famous sites in the world which is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. It is
at the centre of several Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, where you can also find several hundred
burial mounds.
Archaeologists believe that the iconic stone monument was erected around 2500 BC. The huge stones which are more
than 6 metres high weigh around 45 tons. The smaller stones weigh about 4 tons and are from an area in Wales which
is 400 kilometres away. The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the
monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage,
while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.
The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate burials from as early as 3000 BC, when the initial ditch and
bank were first dug. Burials continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years. As Stonehenge lies in a large field,
tourists who come to this place can already see the stones from a distance. Everybody who has visited this place say
how impressive it is.

Complete these sentences using a relative pronoun or


nothing (-)

Have you found the note I left for you? Now put these two sentences together using a relative
I’d like to meet all the people work with pronoun:
you.
We used to have a friend ............................... name
was Billy. This is the lady. Her chocolate cakes are so good.
I love flowers. That’s ............................I decided to
become a florist. There is a bus. It stops just in front of my house.
I was lucky enough to meet a
policeman ..................... told me the way. I know a man. He is a singer.
That the place ..............................my father does the
cooking. He’s the chef. That’s the restaurant. We have lunch there.
I went to the doctor’s .............................. I couldn’t
stand the pain anymore. He paid the bill. He received his pay cheque.
Pick up the book .................................he has
dropped. He drives the bus. We catch it to go to school.
Can you empty the rubbish bin ............................is in
the kitchen, please? She took the teapot. It was on the table.
Show me the house ............................ is Brian’s
please! Who ate the pudding? I made it for dinner.

That’s the woman. Her husband left her.

Can you find an adjective? It ends in ‘y’.


KEY

Complete these sentences using a relative pronoun or nothing (-)

1) Have you found the note WHICH / - I left for you?


2) I’d like to meet all the people WHO work with you.
3) We used to have a friend WHOSE name was Billy.
4) I love flowers. That’s WHY I decided to become a florist.
5) I was lucky enough to meet a policeman WHO told me the
way.
6) That the place WHERE my father does the cooking. He’s
the chef.
7) I went to the doctor’s WHEN I couldn’t stand the pain
anymore.
8) Pick up the book WHICH /-.he has dropped.
9) Can you empty the rubbish bin WHICH is in the kitchen,
please ?
10) Show me the house WHICH is Brian’s please!

Now put these two sentences together using a relative pronoun:


1. This is the lady WHOSE chocolate cakes are so good.
2. There is a bus WHICH stops just in front of my house.
3. I know a man WHO is a singer.
4. That’s the restaurant WHERE we have lunch.
5. He paid the bill WHEN he received his pay cheque.
6. He drives the bus WHICH we catch to go to school.
7. She took the teapot WHICH was on the table.
8. Who ate the pudding WHICH/- I made for dinner?
9. That’s the woman WHOSE husband left her.
10. Can you find an adjective WHICH ends in ‘y’?

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