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JABA TAN PELAJARAN NEGERI JOHOR
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2010 4541/2
CHEMISTRY
Kertas 2
August
2Y2jam
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
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Kertas ini mengandungi 28 halaman bercetak


SULIT 2
Section A
BahagianA
[60 marks]
[60 markah]
Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soa/an da/am bahagian ini.
1 Diagram 1 shows three industrial processes involved in manufacturing ammonium
I sulphate.
Rajah 1menunjukkan tiga proses industri da/am penghasi/an ammonium su/fat.
Process I
Sulphur I
Sulfur
Sulphur dioxide I
Sulfur dioksida
Sulphur trioxide I
Sulfur trioksida
Nitrogen I Hydrogen I
Nitrogen Hidrogen
Oleum I
Oleum 1
Sulphuric Acid I
Asid su/furik
l ProcessI
Ammonia I
Ammonia
11
1
Process III
Ammonium sulphate I
Ammonium sulfat
Diagram 1
Rajah 1
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3
From the flow chart shown in Diagram 1. answer the following questions.
Dari carta alir pada Rajah 1,jawab soalan berikut.

(a)
For Process I.
Untuk proses I.
(i)
Name the industrial process of producing sulphuric acid.
Namakan proses industri untuk membuat asid sulfurik
[ 1 mark]
(ii)
State how to produce sulphur dioxide from sulphur.
Nyatakan bag aim ana untuk membuat sulfur dioksida dari sulfur
[ 1 mark]
(iii)
Write the chemical formula of sulphur trioxide
Tuliskan formula kimia untuk sulfur dioksida
[ 1 mark]
(iv)
Sulphur trioxide dissolves in compound M to produce oleum. What is
compound M?
Sulfur trioksida melarut dalam sebatian Muntuk menghasilkan oleum.
Apakah sebatian M ?
[ 1 mark]
(v)
State how sulphuric acid is produced from oleum.
Nyatakan bagaimana asid suffurik di hasilkan dari oleum
[ 1 mark]
(vi)
Sulphuric acid produced is mixed with water in a beaker. State the
observation if a piece of marble is dropped into the beaker.
Asid sulfurik yang terhasil dilarutkan ke da/am bikar berisi air.
Nyatakan pemerhatian jika sebutir marmar dimasukkan ke dalam bikar
itu.

[ 1 mark]
[Lihat sebelah
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(b)
Name a suitable catalyst for Process 11.
Namakan satu mangkin yang sesuai untuk Proses 1/.
[1 mark]
(c)
For Process Ill,
Untuk Proses Ill,
(i)
Write the chemical equation for the reaction of ammonia with sulphuric
acid.
Tuliskan persamaan tindak ba/as untuk tindak ba/as ammonia dengan
asid su/furik.
[2 mark]
(ii)
State one use of ammonium sulphate in daily life.
Nyatakan satu kegunaan ammonium su/fat da/am kehidupan seharian
[1 mark]
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2 Graph 2 shows the temperature against time when solid P is heated.
Graf 2 menunjukkan gmf suhu melawan masa bagi pemanasan pepejal P.
Temperature 1°C
SuhuloC
200 +---------------------------------------------------

Time/s
Masa/s
Graph 2
Graf2
(a)
Based on Graph 2 answer the following questions:
Berdasarkan Graf 2, jawab soalan-soalan berikut :
(i) What is meant by melting point?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan takat lebur ?
[1 mark]
(ii) State the melting point of substance P .
Nyatakan takat lebur bahan P.
[1 mark]
(Hi) State the physical state of P from time t1 to h.
Nyatakan keadaan fizik P dari masa t1 hingga t2.
[1 mark]
[Lihat sebelah
4541/2 © 2010 Hakcipta Jabatan Pe!ajaran Negeri Johor
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~ ..
(iv)
Explain why the temperature remains constant from time t1 to t2.
Terangkan kenapa suhu tidak berubah dart masa t1 hingga h.
............., ,
[2 marks]

(v)
Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus used by a student to
determine the melting point of substance P.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan o/eh seorang
pe/ajar untuk menentukan takat /ebur bahan P.
Ethanol
Etano/
SolidP
BahanP
Diagram 2
Rajah 2
Identify one mistake in the diagram. Explain why.
Kenalpasti satu kesilapan da/am rajah tersebut. Je/askan mengapa.
[2 marks]
(b) When solid iodine is heated. it changes to purple fume.
Apabila pepeja/ iodin dipanaskan ) la bertukar ke wasap ungu.
(i)
Name the process involved.
Namakan proses yang terfibat.
[1 mark]
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(ii)
Name one isotope of iodine and state its use.
Namakan satu isotop untuk iodin dan nyatakan kegunaannya .
.............................................
.[2 marks]

3
Diagram 3 shows the set up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of sodiu
m
chloride solution.
Rajah 3menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji elektrolisis larutan natrium
klorida. Gas yang terkumpul pada elektrod Y berwama kuning dan melunturkan
wama kertas litmus biru lembab.
Greenish yellow gas
Gas berwarna kuning
kehijauan

Sodium chloride solution


Larutan natrium klorida
Carbon electrode X Carbon electrode Y
E1ektrod karbon X Karbon e'ektrod Y

Diagram 3
Rajah 3
(a)
(i) What is meant by anion?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan anion?
[1 mark]
(ii)
Write the formulae for all anions that are present in sodium chloride
solution.
Tuliskan formula bagi semua anion yang hadir dalam larutan natrium
klorida.
[1 mark]
[Lihat sebelah
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(Hi)
The gas collected at electrode X decolourises a damp blue litmus
paper. Name the gas.
Gas yang terkumpul pada elektrod X melunturkan kertas litmus biru
lembap. Namakan gas itu.

[1 mark]
(b)
By referring to diagram 3
Dengan merujuk kepada Rajah 3,
(i)
Which electrode is the cathode?
Elektrod yang manakah merupakan katod ?
[1 mark]
(ii)
Write the half-equation for the reaction at the cathode.
Tuliskan persamaan setengah bagi tindak balas di katod.
[1 mark]
(iii)
Describe a test to identify the gas collected at the cathode.
Huraikan satu ujian untuk mengenalpasti gas yang terkumpul di katod.
[2 marks]
(c)
The experiment is repeated by using 0.001 mol dm-3 sodium chloride
solution.
Eksperimen ini diulangi dengan menggunakan larutan natrium klorida
0.001 mol dm'3
(i)
Name the ion that is selectively discharged at the anode.
Namakan ion yang didiscas secara pilihan di anod.
[ 1 mark]
(ii)
Give a reason for Y9ur answer in (c)(i)
Berl alasan bagi jawapan anda di (c)(i)
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[ 1 mark]
(iii) Name the gas collected at the anode.
Namakan gas yang terkumpu/ di anod.
[1 mark]
4
Table 4 shows the molecular formulae and observations for three compounds when
they react with bromine water.
Jadual4 menunjukkan formula molekul dan pemerhatian bagi tiga sebatian apabila
bertindakbals dengan air bromin.
I Brown colour remains
Brown colour is decolourised I
I Compound FormulaMolecular MolekulFormula Pemerhatian
Observation
IWarna perang tidak berubah
C2H4
Warna perang menjadi tidak berwama
C4H10
Q C2Hs
............................................. ".......

Tabie4
Jadua/4
(a) Name the homologous series for these compounds.
Namakan siri hom%g bagi sebatian-sebatian ini.
i)
Compound P
Sebatian P
Compound Q
Sebatian Q

[2
marks]
ii)
What is the general formula for the homologous series of compound
R?
Apakah formula am bagi siri homolog sebatian R?
......~ ,, , .
[ 1 mark J
[Lihat sebelah
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iii)
Complete the observation for compound R in Table 4.
Lengkapkan pemerhatian untuk sebatian R da/am Jadua/ 4.
[1 mark]
iv)
Name a substance that can replace bromine water.
Namakan satu bahan lain yang bo/eh menggantikan air bromin.
[ 1 mark]
v)
Explain why compound P is chemically more reactive than compound
Q.
Je/askan mengapa sebatian P /ebih reaktif secara kimia berbanding
sebatian Q.
[ 1 mark]
(b)
Compounds P and Q can undergo complete combustion to form gas X and
water.
Sebatian P dan Q bo/eh menga/ami pembakaran /engkap untuk menghasi/kan
gas X dan air.
i)
Name gas X.
Namakan gas X.

[ 1 mark]
ii)
Write a balanced chemical equation when compound P or Q reacts
with oxygen.
Tu/is persamaan kimia yang seimbang apabila sebatian P atau Q
bertindak ba/as dengan oksigen.
[ 1 mark]
Hi)
Compare the sootiness of the flame when compound P and Q are
burnt in the air. Explain why.
Bandingkan keje/agaan nya/aan apabi/a sebatian P dan Q terbakar di
udara. Terangkan mengapa.
[2 marks]
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5
Diagram 5 shows the set-up of apparatus to study the electron transfer at a dist
ance.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan radas eksperimen untuk mengkaji pemindahan
electron pada satu jarak.
'''" Carbon electrode Y
Elektrod karbon Y
Carbon electrode X
Elektrod karbon X
Acidified potassium manganate
(VII) solution
Iron (H) sulphat
Larutan kalium manganat (VII)
Ferum (II) su?fat berasid
.. --....
-::::--::::-Dilute
-::::::~::::::-:--Sulphuric acid
\&~jJ
A.'dd sulfurik
Diagram 5
Rajah 5
(a) What is the function of dilute sulphuric acid?
Apakah fungsi asid sulfurik cair?
[1 mark]
(b) (i) State the observation at carbon electrode X.
Nyatakan pemerhatian di elektrod karbon X.
[1 mark]
(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction in (b) (i)
Tuliskan persamaan setengah untuk tindak balas di (b) (i).
[2 marks]
(iii) Describe a confirmatory test for the product formed at carbon electrode
X.
Huraikan satu ujian pengesahan untuk hasil yang terbentuk di elektrod
karbon X.
[2 marks]
[Lihat sebelab
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c) (i) State the observation at carbon electrode Y.
Nyatakan pemerhatian di elektrod karbon Y.
[1 mark]
(ii) What is the role of acidified
experiment?
Apakah peranan larutan
eksperimen ini ?
potassium manganate (VII) solution
kalium manganat (VII) berasid
in the
da/am
[1 mark]
(iii) Give a reason for your answer in (c) (ii).
Berikan satu penjelasan untukjawapan anda pada (c) (ii).
[1 mark]
(d) Suggest another reagent that can replace acidified potassium
solution.
Cadangkan satu reagen lain yang baleh menggantikan
manganat (VII) berasid.
manganate (VII)
larutan kalium
[1 mark]
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6 Natural rubber is obtained from latex secreted by rubber tree. Latex is a whit
e milklike
fluid. Table 6 shows the results of latex coagulation.
Getah asli dipero/ehi daripada /ateks yang didapati dari pokok getah. Susu getah
merupakan cecair yang berwama putih seakan susu. Jadua/6 menunjukkan
keputusan pembekuan susu getah.
Procedure ObservationPemerhatianLatex coagulates immediately Susu getah membeku
dengan cepatLatex coagulates slowly Susu getah membeku dengan
Proseduradded to latex ditambah kepada susu getah
Latex is exposed to the airdibiarkan terdedah di udara
per/ahan
Table 6
Jadua/6
(a)
Based on the Table 6, answer the following questions.
Berdasarkan Jadua/ 6, jawab soa/an-soa/an berikut.
i}
What is solution X ?
Apakah /arutan X?
[ 1 mark]
ii)
The coagulation of latex will also occur when it is exposed to air.
Explain why this happens.
Proses pembekuan susu getah juga berlaku apabi/a ia terdedah
kepada udara. Je/askan mengapa ini terjadi.
[1 mark]
iii) Suggest a solution that can be used to prevent latex from coagulating.
Cadangkan satu /arutan yang bo/eh digunakan untuk mengha/ang
pembekuan susu getah.
[1 mark]
b)
During the preparation of soap, a concentrated alkali X is added to oil or fat.
The mixture is heated and then sodium chloride is added. The general
equation for this reaction is shown below.
Semasa proses pembuatan sabun, farutan a/kali pekat X di tambah kepada
minyak atau /emak. Campuran kemudian di panaskan bersama dengan
natrium kforida. Persamaan tindak ba/asnya ada/ah seperti di bawah.
[Lihat sebelah
4541/2 © 2010 Hakcipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Johor
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alkaliX0~ CHSoaps+-OHRz-C-GlycerolCHz-OHCH2-0H0
000 11
R3 Rj-C-O-Na+-C-O-Na++ O-Na+
111\
0fat0
Based on the equation above. answer the following questions.
Berdasarkan persamaan di atas, jawab soa/an -soa/an berikut.
i} What is the name of the process?
Apakah nama proses tersebut?
[ 1 mark]
ii) What is alkali X ?
Apakah alkali X?
[1 mark]
iii) Why is sodium chloride solution added to the mixture?
Mengapakah larutan natrium k/orida ditambahkan kepada campuran?
[1 mark]
iv) Describe briefly the cleansing action of soap.
Huraikan dengan ringkas tindakan pembersihan oleh sabun
[2 marks]
4541/2 © 2010 Hakcipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Johor
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c) Diagram 6 shows the structural formulae of two cleansing agents X and Y.


Rajah 6 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi dua agen pembersih X dan Y.
Cleansing agent X:
Agen pembersih X :
Cleansing agent Y:
Agen pembersih Y:
Diagram 6
Rajah 6
Based on Diagram 6, compare the effectiveness of cleansing action of agent
Y to agent X. Explain why.
Berdasarkan Rajah 6, bandingkan keberkesanan tindakan pembersihan agen
pencuci Y berbanding agen X. Terangkan mengapa.
i.
ii.
[2 marks]
(

[Libat sebelab
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Section B
BahagianB
[20 marks]
Answer anyone question from this section.
Jawab mana-mana satu soa/an daripada bahagian ini.
7 Diagram 7 shows parts of the Periodic Table of elements.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebahagian unsurda/am Jadua/ Berka/a.
1 2
131415161718
r---

0 Cl
AI
C
Diagram 7
Rajah 7
(a) Write the electron arrangements for aluminium ion and oxide ion.
Tuliskan susunan e/ektron bagi ion aluminium dan ion oksida
[2 marks]
(b)
Describe the formation of the following chemical bonds and draw the electron
arrangement of compounds formed.
Huraikan pembentukan bagi ikatan kimia berikut dan /ukis susunan e/ektron
bagi sebatian yang terbentuk.
(i) Ionic bond between magnesium atom and chlorine atom.
/katan
ionik di antara atom magnesium dengan atom k/orin.
[5 marks]
(ii) Covalent bond between carbon atom and chlorine atom.
/katan kova/en di antara atom karbon dengan atom k/orin.
[5 marks]
(c)
Explain each of the following statements.
Terangkan setiap pemyataan berikut.
(i) Compound formed in (b)(i) can conduct electricity in the molten state
while compound formed in (b)(ii) cannot conduct electricity in any
state.
Sebatian yang terbentuk da/am (b)(i) bo/eh mengkonduksikan e/ektrik
da/am keadaan /eburan man aka/a sebatian yang terbentuk da/am
(b)(ii) tidak dapat mengkonduksikan e/ektrik da/am semua keadaan.
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[4 marks]
(ii) The melting and boiling points for compound in (b) (i) is higher than
compound in (b)(ii).
Takal /ebur dan takat didih bagi sebatian da/am (b)(i) lebih tinggi
daripada sebatian da/am (b)(ii).
[4 marks]
8 Table 8 shows the heat of combustion of the first five alcohols.
Jadual 8menunjukkan haba pembakaran unluk lima a/kohol yang pertama.
Alkohol
ButanolPentanol Propanol
Alcohol/
kJ mor1Metano/Elano! IICSH110HI
I
Molecular Formula /Heat of CombustionFormula mo/ekulHaba PembakaranCHsOH715C2HsO
H-
--
1376
CSH70HC4HgOH
,
m / I -2017-2675
Table 8
Jadua!8
The chemical equation for the combustion of ethanol is as below.
Persamaan kimia bagi pembakaran etano! ada!ah seperti di bawah.
~H = -715 kJ mol-1
(a)
Based on the equation above, state the meaning of heat of combustion of
ethanol.
Berdasarkan persamaan kimia di atas, nyatakan maksud haba pembakaran
bagi elanol.
[2 marks]
(b)
Based on Table 8 I
Berdasarkan Jadual 8,
(i)
Draw a graph of magnitude of heat of combustion against the number
of carbon atoms.
Lukis graf magnitud haba pembakaran melawan bilangan atom
karbon.
[3 marks]
[Lihat sebelah
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(ii)
State the relationship between the number of carbon atoms per
molecule of alcohol to the magnitude of the heat of combustion.
Nyatakan hubungan di antara bi/angan atom karbon per mo/eku/
alkohol kepada magnitud haba pembakaran.
[ 1 mark]
(Hi)
From the graph, predict the heat of combustion of pentanol in kJ mol .,
Daripada graf, rama/kan haba pembakaran pentanol da/am kJ mort
[2 marks]
(c)
Compare the heat of combustion between ethanol and butanol.
Explain why there is a difference in the heat of combustion between ethanol
and butanol.
Bandingkan haba pembakaran etanol dengan butanol.
Terangkan mengapa terdapat perbezaan di antara haba pembakaran etanol
dan butanol.

[4 marks]
(d)
Diagram 8 shows the energy level diagram of the heat of combustion of
ethanol.
Rajah
8 menunjukkan gambarajah aras tenaga bagi haba pembakaran etanol.
Energy
Tenaga
LiH = -715 kJ mol"
Diagram 8
Rajah 8
(i) Give four information that you can obtain from Diagram 8.
Serikan em pat maklumat yang boleh diperoleh daripada Rajah 8.
[4 marks]
(ii)
Calculate the energy released if 6.9 grams of ethanol is burnt
completely in air.
Kira haba yang di bebaskan jika 6.9 gram etanol di bakar dengan
/engkap di da/am udara.
[4 marks]
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Section C
Bahagian C
l [20 marks]
Answer anyone question from this section.
I
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.
9 (a)
By using suitable example, explain what are meant by empirical formula and
molecular formula.
Dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai, terangkan apa yang dimaksudkan
dengan formula empirik dan formula molekul.
[3 marks]
(b) The information below is for compound Q
Maklumat berikut adalah bagi sebatian Q.
Carbon
40.00%
Karbon
Hydrogen
6.66%
Hidrogen
Oxygen
53.33%
Oksigen
Relative molecular mass 180
Jisim molekul relatif
Based on the information of compound Q, determine:
Berdasarkan maklumat bagi sebatian Q, tentukan:
(i) The empirical formula
Formula empiriknya
(ii) The molecular formula
Formula molekulnya
[ Relative atomic mass: C,12; H,1; 0,16]
[ Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; H,1; 0,16]
[5 marks]
[Lihat sebelah
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(c)
Diagram 9 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine the empirical formula of tw
o
different compounds.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi menentukan formula empirik dua
sebatian yang berlainan.
Method I
Method 11
Kaedah I
Kaedah 11
Metal oxide I Oksida logam
Metal
Logam
--+~=~ -=~
gas I Gas paper
Hidrogen Heat I Kertas
kering panaskan asbestos
Dry hydr::·::l.;:·· "--.. Asbestos
Table 9
Rajah 9
(i)
Explain why method 11is not suitable to determine the empirical formula of
magnesium oxide?
Terangkan mengapa kaedah 11tidak sesuai bagi menentukan formula empirik
bagi magnesium oksida?
[1mark]
(ii)
Suggest one metal oxide in method 11.
Cadangkan
sa tu oksida logam dalam kaedah 11.
[1 mark]
(iii)
Using a suitable example, describe a laboratory experiment to determine the
empirical formula of an oxide of a reactive metal. Your explanation should
include:
Dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai, huraikan suatu eksperimen di
makmal untuk menentukan formula empirik bagi suatu oksida logam reaktif..
Penerangan anda mestilah meliputi :
Procedure of the experiment
Prosedurbagieksperimen
Tabulation of data
Penjadualan data
[10 marks]
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10 (a)
Table 10 shows different concentrations of hydrochloric acid and the
corresponding pH values.
Jadua/ 10 menunjukkan kepekatan berlainan bagi asid hidrokforik dan ni/ai pH
yang sepadan. .
I
0130.1,
20.0011 Imol dm-3
Kepekatan asid hidrok/orik
Hydrochloric Concentration of hydrochloric pH acidI 0.01
i
CB
!i
orik I Acid
A
Table 10
Jadua/10
(i) Based on Table 10, state the relationship between the concentration of
hydrochloric acid and the pH value.
Berdasarkan Jaduaf 10, nyatakan hubungan antara kepekatan asid
hidrok/orik dan ni/ai pH.
(ii)
Explain your answer in a (i) by referring to the number of hydrogen ions
present in the acid.
Je/askan jawapan anda di a (i) dengan merujuk kepada bilangan ion
hidrogen yang terdapat dafam asid itu.
(iii) Arrange the hydrochloric acids in Table 10 according to increasing order
of acidity.
Susun asid hidrok/orik da/am Jaduaf 10 menurut susunan menaik
keasidan.
[4 marks]
[Lihat sebelah
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(b) The following information is about two different alkalis.
Maklumat di bawah adalah mengenai dua alkali yang berfainan.
hidroksidaammonia
Alkali Concentration Imol dm-3pHKepekatan Imol dm-3pH 0.113 0.110
solution
Ammonia solution
Explain why the two alkalis have different pH values.
Terangkan mengapa dua alkali tersebut mempunyai nilai pH yang
berlainan.
[6marks]
(c) You are required to prepare dry barium sulphate salt.
Anda dikehendaki menyediakan garam barium sulfat kering.
(i)
Suggest two solutions to prepare barium sulphate salt.
Cadangkan dua larutan untuk menyediakan garam barium sulfat.
(ii)
Describe a laboratory experiment to prepare the salt. In your
description. include the chemical equation and ionic equation.
Huraikan suatu eksperimen makmal untuk menyediakan garam
tersebuLHuraian anda mest; mengandungi persamaan kimia dan
persamaan ion.
[1 Om arks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMA T
4541/2 © 2010 Hakcipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Johor
SULlT
MARKING SCHEME OF CHEMISTRY TRIAL EXAMINATION
PAPER 2, 2010
H2S04Dissolve-72MarkI Dilute in water 10 1
111111111 Mark
As fertilizersFerumTotal1
11111111 ContactI Iron Mark Scheme
+ 2NH3
S03
(NH4)zS04Burn sulphurConcentrated in air loxygenacid 11 Beaker
Bubbles of gas are releasedsulphuric
Sub TotalI
mark 1
decreases
formula of reactants and product
(b)(iii)
~
. to
~
21
111Mark
83°CTotal Mark Scheme1
11111 Mark
(a) (i) Temperaturesolid and liquidat a changes to
1. Heat energy absorbedwhich solid
Sub
mark
attraction
(H)
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
SublimationI
IIII1-1Iodine-1311. Water2
221 . bath should be usedII Ethanoland isnot ethanol1
11111
2.
2.2. To treat thyroid patients II Diagnosis of
I I (b) (i)flammable. Total10
(v)Melting point of P is higher than boiling
II(ii)bath.Glands
thyroid
!i
iii point of ethanol 178°C
I
1I Chlorineelectrode Mark Scheme 1
11
121
111111Carbon Y
TotalI 2H+ + 2e -7 H2 Sub
A 'pop'QuestionBecausesoundHydroxidenegatively splinterion be heardionllocated I

Insert a lightedis producelhydroxidewooden can is into lower


(a) (i) OH-,TheCI-ion charged particle 1
111111
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I Mark
I
I
. mark 1 I
(c) (i) I
Total
(iii) I Oxygen gas 1 10 I
I
I~iI
4541/2 Ans\\cr HAK C1PTA JPNJ 2010
4
I
I I
III I AlkeneAlkaneTotal dioxide 1
11 I I
II Mark
1
2
221I
I111I1111111111IIIIQ: Mark2C02 + 2 H2O
1"Iln+I-7CarbonCompound302Mark SchemeQ produced mere soot. are SubI
mark bonds. 2.
I11.CnH 2n+2alkene carbon-carbon double bonds
AcidifiedI C2H4potassiumP: dichromate (VI) solution )I
II
11) Brown colour remains
(v)+ 702 4C02 + 6 H2O
(iii)(i) -7
(i)
Total 10
e Fe 2++ Total2 Mark SchemeMark
Fe 3+1
112Mark
-7To allow movement of ions 11 To complete the
Green colour solution turn to brown I yellow1
11
Sub
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
~

j-. ..~A...,A,
21
1111111111I
IIIII 5 I
IIIII
Purple solution is decolourised f turn
Act as oxidizing agent solutionl
Potassium manganate (VII) solution! Mn04hydroxide
solution is added hexacyanoferrate (11) solution is added into
11. IA few drops of sodium hydroxideBromine wat~r! chlorine watjZr! acidifiedI
o~,\.dj:'. into the product formed around carbon Y.
the product formed around carbon Y.
potassium dichromate (VI) solution
(ii) 2.
2.2. Dark blue colourBrown precipitate I is formed.precipitate produced.
1. A few drops of potassium
(c) (i)
Total 10
Mark
BecauseTotal bacteria Mark Scheme
1
11111Markfrom air enter the latex and 1
11111
Ammonia,Concentrated ( Spellinghydroxide,must be correct)
SaponificationNH3 solutionKOHl!
potassium
Ethanoic acid! formic acid f any suitable dilute
Sub
mark
coagulation.
(iii)
(ii)
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
6

(iv)
tension of
(iii)To precipitate the soaps I to reduce the11. When a cloth with grease is dip
ped into
2. water.hydrophobic part dissolves in the3. The
TheThe
hydrophilic part dissolve in water
Max21. Agent Y s more effective2. Detergent do not form scumll
Detergent can still perform its cleaning
12
clean well in hard water.
10 1
11111
Total
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
7

Question Mark Scheme Sub


mark
Mark
Total
Mark
7(a) Aluminium
Oxide ion:
ion:
2.8
2.8 1
1 2
(b)(i) 1. Magnesium atom donates
electron to form magnesium
// Mg _ Mg2+ + 2e
/ releases
ion / Mg2+
2 1
2. Chlorine atom accepts / receives
electron to form chloride ion / Cl'
// Cl + e cr
one I 1
3. Magnesium
attracted to
force.
ion and chloride ion are
one another by electrostatic
I 1
2+
Chloride ion, cr magnesium ion, Mg2+
(ii)
1. Correct
electron
2. Correct
number
charge
of shells and number of 1
1 5
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
\
\
I
8
1. Correct number of shell and electron 1
2. Correct number of atoms of elements I 1
3. Carbon
atom contribute I needs I requires I 1
4 electrons to share
4. Chlorine
atom contribute I needs I requires I 1
1 electron to share
5.
One carbon atom share 4 valence 1 5
electrons with 4 chlorine atoms.
I ! 1.(b)(i) I MgCb is an ionic I1
Compound
(c)(i) 4
1
111
4.2.
In moltenCompound freelyMgClz has freelyI CCI4 is aions/l I
III
has state,(b)(ii) moving movingonly
3.
CCI4 no covalent
I
(ii) 11. Ions in MgClz are held together by strong 1I
Waals 4 1
111
2. A lot of heatLessMolecules CCl4 is held to
toto by I
III
4.3. in are togetherovercome
overcomeovercome
heat energy
energyenergy is needed
neededneeded
20

Total
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPT A JPNJ 2010
9

1. Number of mole of ethanol = 6.9 = 0.15


Graph32
2214
444Markheat
heatheat Mark SchemeSub is the heat
21
11111111111111 Mark
Heat ofTotal ofcombustion
combustioncombustionof ethanolof butanol is 2
1.
1.1. The
TheThe energy level diagram shows
The higher the number-of carbon per
1. [ 3200 3300 ] kJ mol -1 atoms
I -1

kJof 46
1. Correct axis and labels
is burnt to the of the heat of combustion.
heat released ethanol
the magnitude mark 4.3.
3.3. The
TheThe heat of combustionMore carbonrelativeEthanolButanol massburnt in oxygenha
s higher numberdioxide and waterof butanol is higher thanto producedreleasedof c
arbon /is higherare formed.715 kJ 2
energy level of reactants
butanol produced more completely in air to produced
per molecule!/ The 2.
2.2. surrounding.715 kJ.
ethanol
0.15 mole will released(d) (i)0.15 x 715 = 20
(m)
(b) (i)
(ii)
Total
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPT A JPNJ 2010
10
Question Mark Scheme
9. (a) 1. Empirical formula is the formula that
shows the simplest ratio of atoms of
each element in the compound.
2. Molecular formula is the formula that
shows the actual number of atoms of
each element in the compound.
I
3. Example: empirical formula of ethene' is
CH2 and the molecular formula is C2H4
(b)(i)
Element I Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen
Percentage I 40.00 6.66 53.33
Number
of moles
~~=3.331 6.~6 = 6.66
Ratio of
moles
1 ! 2 1
(ii)
Empirical formula is CH20
n(CH20) = 180
12n + 2n + 16n = 180
30n:: 180
n=6
(c)(i)
(ii)
Because magnesium is more reactive than
. hydrogen!! because magnesium oxide does
! not react with hydrogen gas.
Lead oxide ! Stanum oxide I iron oxide !
copper-)i;)xide
Mark
Sub
mark
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
\\
\
-\
\
Total
Mark
3
3
2
1
1
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
11

(Hi) 1.
Clean [5 -15) cm magnesium ribbon 1
with sandpaper and coil it.
2.
Weigh an empty crucible with its lid. I 1
3.
Place the magnesium in the crucible and I 1
weigh again
4.
Record the reading. I 1
5.
Heat the crucible very strongly. I 1
6.
Open and close the lid very quickly. I 1
1
7.
When burning is complete stop the
heating I
8.
Let the crucible cool and then weigh it I 1
again
9.
The heating, cooling and weighing 1
I
process is repeated until a constant
mass is recorded.

Max 10
Description Mass(g)
Crucible + lid
Crucible + lid + Mg I Zn I Al
1
1
Total
20
lI7~~,'b~le
+ lid+ MgO
I ZnO
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
12
'-' I
V ,
,, ,...~0I
1I Mark Scheme [-1 1
Totali I I
Increasing of hydrochloric acidof
I
II 1. The pH value is actuallyacidity I a measure Iis:
MarkI
i~ SubI The higher the concentration of hydrochloric I
I I 1 Mark
mark ,t 41
lower the pH value. the concentration of H+ ions [and OH-ionsJ !
H+ ion per unit(iii)(ii)
1 II
II (b)11. Sodium hydroxide is a strong alkali.I
IIII
I
1
1111I 1. Pour -Barium chloride 1
11
I Barium[20nitratel100] cm3 of [0.1 -1.0] mol
1.0]
ammonia solution. 1
a beaker NaOH61
11= 13 114 and pH of NH3 = 10 111 Iconcentration
concentrationconcentrationsolution of hydroxide I
in into theof beaker. ions,
sulphatel Any
of hydroxide
(ii) ~-~~-ions in
\ I
4. The3. Whereas5. When theconcentration
concentrationconcentrationammonia ef hydroxideionises partially inion is I
4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010
I
in
(c) (i)
13
201
11 +correct. I I 1
sol-~ IBaS04 3. Stir the mixture.II I 1
11
10
-1
water. Ba2+
must be I Ionic eguation:Na2S04 + Ba(N03h ~ BaS04 + 2NaN03
between
Chemical equation:
I

4541/2 Answer © HAK CIPTA JPNJ 2010