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# Trust Element

Hitunglah Displacement nodal, reaksi tumpuan dan gaya batang dari struktur dibawah ini

## Untuk setiap batang : Beban P 5ton

E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2

Asumsi-asumsi
1. Batang prismatis
2. Pin joining
3. Beban bekerja pada join
4. Beban bekerja in plane

A. Perhitungan
1. Koordinat join
Nodal /join 1 2 3 4 5
X 0 10 20 5 15
Y 0 0 0 2.89 2.89

2. Analisis Batang
A Batang 1

Y
1
X
i j

E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 40 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 0

1
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 2 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
T2 =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

63 0 -63 0 U2
K global 2 = 0 0 0 0 V2
-63 0 63 0 U3
0 0 0 0 V3
U2 V2 U3 V3

C Batang 3
x
Y j

3
i

E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 0.52359878 Radians

3
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 4 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

-0.8660254 0.5 0 0
-0.5 -0.8660254 0 0
T4 =
0 0 -0.8660254 0.5
0 0 -0.5 -0.8660254

-0.8660254 0.5 0 0
-0.5 -0.8660254 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 -0.8660254 0.5
0 0 -0.5 -0.8660254

## 47.25 -27.2798002 -47.25 27.2798002 U4

K global 4 = 27.2798002 -15.75 -27.2798002 15.75 V4
-47.25 27.2798002 47.25 -27.2798002 U2
-27.2798002 15.75 27.2798002 -15.75 V2
U4 V4 U2 V2

E Batang 5
x
Y j

5
i

E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 0.52359878 Radians

5
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 6 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

-0.8660254 0.5 0 0
2.61799388 -0.8660254 0 0
T6 =
0 0 -0.8660254 0.5
0 0 2.61799388 -0.8660254

-0.8660254 2.61799388 0 0
0.5 -0.8660254 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 -0.8660254 2.61799388
0 0 0.5 -0.8660254

## 47.25 -27.2798002 -47.25 27.2798002 U5

K global 6 = -27.2798002 15.75 27.2798002 -15.75 V5
-47.25 27.2798002 47.25 -27.2798002 U3
27.2798002 -15.75 -27.2798002 15.75 V3
U5 V5 U3 V3

G Batang 7

Y
7
X
i j

E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 0

7
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 1 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
T1 =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

63 0 -63 0 U1
K global 1 = 0 0 0 0 V1
-63 0 63 0 U2
0 0 0 0 V2
U1 V1 U2 V2

B Batang 2

Y
2
X
i j

E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 0

2
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 3 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

0.866 0.5 0 0
-0.5 0.866 0 0
T3 =
0 0 0.866 0.5
0 0 -0.5 0.866

0.866 -0.5 0 0
0.5 0.866 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 0.866 -0.5
0 0 0.5 0.866

## 47.25 27.28 -47.25 -27.28 U1

K global 3 = 27.28 15.75 -27.28 -15.75 V1
-47.25 -27.28 47.25 27.28 U4
-27.28 -15.75 27.28 15.75 V4
U1 V1 U4 V4

D Batang 4

4
i
j x
E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 150 2.618 Radians

4
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 1 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

0.866 0.5 0 0
-0.5 0.866 0 0
T1 =
0 0 0.866 0.5
0 0 -0.5 0.866

0.866 -0.5 0 0
0.5 0.866 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 0.866 -0.5
0 0 0.5 0.866

## 47.25 27.28 -47.25 -27.28 U2

K global 5 = 27.28 15.75 -27.28 -15.75 V2
-47.25 -27.28 47.25 27.28 U5
-27.28 -15.75 27.28 15.75 V5
U2 V2 U5 V5

F Batang 6

6
i
j x
E = 2100 t/cm2
A = 30 cm2
L = 1000 cm
sudut 150 2.618 Radians

6
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
K lokal 7 =
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
T7 =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
T trnspose =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

63 0 -63 0 U4
K global 7 = 0 0 0 0 V4
-63 0 63 0 U5
0 0 0 0 V5
U4 V4 U5 V5

8
3. Matriks kekakuan global seluruh struktur

U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5
110.3 27.28 -63 0 0 0 -47.25 -27.28 0 0 U1
27.28 15.75 0 0 0 0 -27.28 -15.75 0 0 V1
-63 0 220.5 0 -63 0 -47.25 27.28 -47.25 -27.28 U2
0 0 54.56 0 0 0 -27.28 15.75 -27.28 -15.75 V2
0 0 -63 0 110.25 -27.28 0 0 -47.25 27.28 U3
0 0 0 0 -27.28 15.75 0 0 27.28 -15.75 V3
-47.25 -27.28 -47.25 27.28 0 0 157.5 0 -63 0 U4
-27.28 -15.75 -27.28 15.75 0 0 54.56 0 0 0 V4
0 0 -47.25 -27.28 -47.25 27.28 -63 0 157.5 0 U5
0 0 -27.28
0 -15.75
0 27.28
0 -15.75
0 0 0 0 31.5
0 V5 0

F1 110.3 27.3 -63.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -47.3 -27.3 0.0 0.0 0
G1 27.3 15.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 -15.8 0.0 0.0 0
0 -63.0 0.0 220.5 0.0 -63.0 0.0 -47.3 27.3 -47.3 -27.3 U2
0 0.0 0.0 54.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 15.8 -27.3 -15.8 V2
0 0.0 0.0 -63.0 0.0 110.3 -27.3 0.0 0.0 -47.3 27.3 U3
G3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 15.8 0.0 0.0 27.3 -15.8 0
0 -47.3 -27.3 -47.3 27.3 0.0 0.0 157.5 0.0 -63.0 0.0 U4
5 -27.3 -15.8 -27.3 15.8 0.0 0.0 54.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 V4
0 0.0 0.0 -47.3 -27.3 -47.3 27.3 -63.0 0.0 157.5 0.0 U5
0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 -15.8 27.3 -15.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 31.5 V5
U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5

## Rearrangement Pada matriks keseimbangan struktur

{ P1
P2 } a
c
b
d { U1
U2 }
0 220.5 0.0 -63.0 -47.3 27.3 -27.3 0.0 -63.0 0.0 0.0 U2
0 54.6 0.0 0.0 -27.3 15.8 -27.3 -15.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 V2
0 -63.0 0.0 110.3 0.0 0.0 -47.3 27.3 0.0 0.0 -27.3 U3
0 -47.3 27.3 0.0 157.5 0.0 -63.0 0.0 -47.3 -27.3 0.0 U4
5 -27.3 15.8 0.0 54.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 -15.8 0.0 V4
0 -47.3 -27.3 -47.3 -63.0 0.0 157.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 27.3 U5
0 -27.3 -15.8 27.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 31.5 0.0 0.0 -15.8 V5
F1 -63.0 0.0 0.0 -47.3 -27.3 0.0 0.0 110.3 27.3 0.0 0
G1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 -15.8 0.0 0.0 27.3 15.8 0.0 0
G3 0.0 0.0 -27.3 0.0 0.0 27.3 -15.8 0.0 0.0 15.8 0
U2 V2 U3 U4 V4 U5 V5 U1 V1 V3

9
U2 ###
V2 ###
F1 -63.0 0.0 0.0 -47.3 -27.3 0.0 0.0 U3 ###
G1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -27.3 -15.8 0.0 0.0 U4 ###
G3 0.0 0.0 -27.3 0.0 0.0 27.3 -15.8 V4 ###
U5 ###
V5 ###

F1 ###
G1 ###
G3 ###

## Menghitung gaya-gaya pada ujung batang

Batang 1
f1 1 0 0 0 63 0 -63 0 0
g1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
f2 0 0 1 0 -63 0 63 0 #VALUE!
g2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 #VALUE!

## f1 ### Batang 1 terjadi tekan

g1 ###
f2 ### Y
g2 ### 1

f1 i j f2

Batang 2

f2 1 0 0 0 63 0 -63 0 #VALUE!
g2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 #VALUE!
f3 0 0 1 0 -63 0 63 0 #VALUE!
g3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

## f2 ### Batang 2 terjadi tekan

g2 ###
f3 ### Y
g3 ### 2

f2 i j f3
11
Batang 6
f5 -0.866 0.5 0 0 47.25 -27.28 -47.25 27.28 #VALUE!
g5 2.618 -0.866 0 0 -27.28 15.75 27.28 -15.75 #VALUE!
f3 0 0 -0.866 0.5 -47.25 27.28 47.25 -27.28 #VALUE!
u3 0 0 2.618 -0.866 27.28 -15.75 -27.28 15.75 0

## f5 ### Batang 6 terjadi tekan

g5 ###
f3 ### Y
u3 ###
f5 6
i x
j f3

Batang 7
f4 1 0 0 0 63 0 -63 0 #VALUE!
g4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 #VALUE!
f5 0 0 1 0 -63 0 63 0 #VALUE!
g5 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 #VALUE!

## f4 ### Batang 7 terjadi tarik

g4 ###
f5 ### Y
g5 ### 7
x
f4 i j f5

13
0 220.5 0.0 -63.0 -47.3 27.3 -27.3 0.0 U2
0 54.6 0.0 0.0 -27.3 15.8 -27.3 -15.8 V2
0 -63.0 0.0 110.3 0.0 0.0 -47.3 27.3 U3
0= -47.3 27.3 0.0 157.5 0.0 -63.0 0.0 U4
5 -27.3 15.8 0.0 54.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 V4
0 -47.3 -27.3 -47.3 -63.0 0.0 157.5 0.0 U5
0 -27.3 -15.8 27.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 31.5 V5

U6

## U1 0 220.5 0.0 -63.0 -47.3 27.3 -27.3 0.0 -1 U2

V1 0 54.6 0.0 0.0 -27.3 15.8 -27.3 -15.8 V2
U2 0 -63.0 0.0 110.3 0.0 0.0 -47.3 27.3 U3
V2 0= -47.3 27.3 0.0 157.5 0.0 -63.0 0.0 U4
U3 5 -27.3 15.8 0.0 54.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 V4
V3 0 -47.3 -27.3 -47.3 -63.0 0.0 157.5 0.0 U5
U4 0 -27.3 -15.8 27.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 31.5 V5
V4
U5
V5 U2 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0
V2 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0
U3 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0
U4 = ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0
V4 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 5
U5 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0
V5 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0

U2 ###
V2 ###
U3 ###
U4 = ###
V4 ###
U5 ###
U1 V5 ###
V1
V3

10
Batang 3
f1 0.866 0.5 0 0 47.25 27.28 -47.25 -27 0
g1 -0.5 0.866 0 0 27.28 15.75 -27.28 -16 0
f4 0 0 0.866 0.5 -47.25 -27.28 47.25 27.28 ###
g4 0 0 -0.5 0.866 -27.28 -15.75 27.28 15.75 ###

f1 ### f4
g1 ###
f4 ### Y x j
g4 ###
3
f1 i
Batang 3 terjadi tarik

Batang 4
f4 -0.87 0.5 0 0 47.25 -27.28 -47.25 27.28 ###
g4 -0.5 -0.866 0 0 27.28 -15.75 -27.28 15.75 ###
f2 0 0 -0.866 0.5 -47.25 27.28 47.25 -27 ###
g2 0 0 -0.5 -0.866 -27.28 15.75 27.28 -16 ###

## f4 ### Batang 4 terjadi tarik

g4 ###
f2 ### Y
g2 ### f4 x
4
i
j f2

Batang 5
f2 0.866 0.5 0 0 47.25 27.28 -47.25 -27 ###
g2 -0.5 0.866 0 0 27.28 15.75 -27.28 -16 ###
f5 0 0 0.866 0.5 -47.25 -27.28 47.25 27.28 ###
g5 0 0 -0.5 0.866 -27.28 -15.75 27.28 15.75 ###

f2 ###
g2 ### x f2
f5 ### Y j
g5 ###
5
i
f5 Batang 5 terjadi tekan

12
U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5
63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5

63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0

U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5
47.25 27.2798 -47.25 -27.28
27.2798 15.75 -27.28 -15.75

## -47.25 -27.28 47.25 27.2798

-27.28 -15.75 27.2798 15.75
U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5

## 47.25 -27.28 -47.25 27.2798

27.2798 -15.75 -27.28 15.75

## -47.25 27.2798 47.25 -27.28

-27.28 15.75 27.2798 -15.75

U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5

## 47.25 27.2798 -47.25 -27.28

27.2798 15.75 -27.28 -15.75

## -47.25 -27.28 47.25 27.2798

-27.28 -15.75 27.2798 15.75

U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5

## 47.25 -27.28 -47.25 27.2798

-27.28 15.75 27.2798 -15.75

## -47.25 27.2798 47.25 -27.28

27.2798 -15.75 -27.28 15.75
U1 V1 U2 V2 U3 V3 U4 V4 U5 V5

63 0 -63 0
0 0 0 0
-63 0 63 0
0 0 0 0
U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2 1
U3
V3
U4
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7

U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2
U3 2
V3
U4
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7

U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2
U3
V3
U4 3
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7

U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2
U3
V3 4
U4
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7

U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2
U3
V3 5
U4
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7

U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2
U3
V3 6
U4
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7

U6 V6 U7 V7
U1
V1
U2
V2
U3
V3 7
U4
V4
U5
V5
U6
V6
U7
V7
220.5 0 -63 -47.25 27.2798002 -27.2798002
54.5596004 0 0 -27.2798002 15.75 -27.2798002
-63 0 110.25 0 0 -47.25
-47.25 27.2798002 0 157.5 0 -63
-27.2798002 15.75 0 54.5596004 0 0
-47.25 -27.2798002 -47.25 -63 0 157.5
-27.2798002 -15.75 27.2798002 0 0 0

## #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0
-15.75
27.2798002
0
0
0
31.5

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Analisa Plane Frame

## Untuk setiap batang

Batang 1 A = 200 cm2 M = 10 tm
i = 6000 cm4 P = 6t
Batang 2 A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
Batang 3 A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
E = 2100 t/cm2
10 m = 1000 cm
9,9 m = 990 cm
15 m = 15000 cm
8,5 m = 8500 cm

Nodal/ 1 2 3 4
X 0 0 15000 8500
Y 0 1000 8500 0

## 2. Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang

Dengan rumus = T
k =[ T ] ⋅ k ⋅[ T ]
[ g] [ l]

[ ] [ ]
AE
0 0 − AE 0 0
L
6 EI
L
12 EI 6 EI
cosα sin α 0 0 0 0
12 EI
0 0 −
L3 L
2
L
3
L
2
−sinα cosα 0 0 0 0
6 EI 4 EI 6 EI 2 EI
0 0 −
L
2
L L
2
L 0 0 1 0 0 0
[ k l ]= −
AE
0 0
AE
0 0
[ T ]=
L L 0 0 0 cosα sinα 0
12 EI 6 EI 12 EI 6 EI
0 0

L
3 −
L
2
L
3 −
L
2
0 0 0 −sinα cosα 0
6 EI 2 EI 6 EI 4 EI
0
L
2
L
0 −
L
2
L 0 0 0 0 0 1
a. Batang 1

A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
L = 1000 cm
E = 2100 t/cm2
Sudut 4.7124 Rad

## Matrix kekakuan batang dalam koordinat lokal

420 0 0 -420 0 0
0 0.1512 75.6 0 -0.1512 75.6
0 75.6 50400 0 -75.6 25200
-420 0 0 420 0 0
0 -0.151 -75.6 0 0.1512 -75.6
0 75.6 25200 0 -75.6 50400

## Matrix transformasi batang

-2E-16 -1 0 0 0 0
1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 -1 0
0 0 0 1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

-2E-16 1 0 0 0 0
-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

T
Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang = [ k g ]=[ T ] ⋅[ k l ]⋅[ T ]
0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.1512 -8E-14 75.6 U1
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 V1
kg1 = 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 θ1
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0.1512 8E-14 -75.6 U2
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 8E-14 420 1E-14 V2
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -75.6 1E-14 50400 θ2
U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2
b. Batang 2

A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
L = 990 cm
E = 2100 t/cm2
Sudut 0.5236 Rad

## Matrix kekakuan batang dalam koordinat lokal

424.24 0 0 -424.24 0 0
0 0.1558 77.135 0 -0.1558 77.135
0 77.135 50909 0 -77.135 25455
-424.2 0 0 424.242 0 0
0 -0.156 -77.13 0 0.1558 -77.13
0 77.135 25455 0 -77.135 50909

## Matrix transformasi batang

0.866 0.5 0 0 0 0
-0.5 0.866 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.86603 0.5 0
0 0 0 -0.5 0.866 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

0.866 -0.5 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.866 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.86603 -0.5 0
0 0 0 0.5 0.866 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

T
Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang = [ k g ]=[ T ] ⋅[ k l ]⋅[ T ]
318.22 183.63 -38.57 -318.22 -183.63 -38.57 U2
183.63 106.18 66.801 -183.63 -106.18 66.801 V2
kg2 = -38.57 66.801 50909 38.5675 -66.801 25455 θ2
-318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.221 183.63 38.567 U3
-183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.635 106.18 -66.8 V3
-38.57 66.801 25455 38.5675 -66.801 50909 θ3
U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3
c. Batang 3

A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
L = 15000 cm
E = 2100 t/cm2
Sudut 4.7124 Rad

## Matrix kekakuan batang dalam koordinat lokal

28 0 0 -28 0 0
0 4E-05 0.336 0 -4E-05 0.336
0 0.336 3360 0 -0.336 1680
-28 0 0 28 0 0
0 -4E-05 -0.336 0 4E-05 -0.336
0 0.336 1680 0 -0.336 3360

## Matrix transformasi batang

-2E-16 -1 0 0 0 0
1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 -1 0
0 0 0 1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

-2E-16 1 0 0 0 0
-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

T
Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang = [ k g ]=[ T ] ⋅[ k l ]⋅[ T ]
4E-05 5E-15 0.336 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 U4
5E-15 28 -6E-17 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 V4
kg 3 = 0.336 -6E-17 3360 -0.336 6E-17 1680 θ4
-4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336 4E-05 5E-15 -0.336 U3
-5E-15 -28 6E-17 5E-15 28 6E-17 V3
0.336 -6E-17 1680 -0.336 6E-17 3360 θ3
U4 V4 θ4 U3 V3 θ3
3. Membentuk matrix kekakuan seluruh struktur (overal stiffnes matrix)
U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 U4 V4 θ4
0.151 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 U1
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 0 0 V1
75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0 0 0 θ1
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.37 183.635 -114.17 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 0 0 U2
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.63 526.177 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801 0 0 0 V2
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.2 66.8009 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 0 0 θ2
0 0 0 -318.2 -183.63 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.231 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336 U3
0 0 0 -183.6 -106.18 -66.801 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15 -28 6E-17 V3
0 0 0 -38.57 66.8009 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336 -6E-17 1680 θ3
0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15 0.336 U4
0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28 -6E-17 V4
0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17 3360 θ4

## Jadi matrix kekakuan seluruh strukturnya adalah

0.151 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 0 0
75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.37 183.635 -114.17 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 0 0
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.63 526.177 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801 0 0 0
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.2 66.8009 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 0 0
0 0 0 -318.2 -183.63 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.231 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336
0 0 0 -183.6 -106.18 -66.801 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15 -28 6E-17
0 0 0 -38.57 66.8009 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336 -6E-17 1680
0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15 0.336
0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28 -6E-17
0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17 3360

4. a. Membentuk vektor beban luar berdasarkan applied forces dan kondisi tumpuan
b. Membentuk vektor displacement berdasarkan kondidi kekangan joint dan tumpuan

a. F1 F1 b. U1 0
G1 G1 V1 0
M1 M1 θ1 0
F2 F2 U2 U2
G2 0 V2 V2
M2 = M2 θ2 = θ2
F3 -6 U3 U3
G3 0 V3 V3
M3 1000 θ3 θ3
F4 F4 U4 0
G4 G4 V4 0
M4 0 θ4 θ4
5. Membentuk Matrix keseimbangan struktur

[ P ] =[ K ]⋅[U ]
F1 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.1512 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
G1 8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 0 0
M1 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0 0 0
F2 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.372 183.63 -114.2 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 0 0
0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.635 526.18 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.8 0 0 0
M2 75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.17 66.801 1E+05 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 0 0
-6 0 0 0 -318.22 -183.63 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.23 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336
0 0 0 0 -183.63 -106.18 -66.8 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15 -28 6E-17
1000 0 0 0 -38.567 66.801 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336 -6E-17 1680
F4 0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15 0.336
G4 0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28 -6E-17
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17 3360

## 6. Rearragement pada matrix keseimbangan struktur

ì P1 ü éa b ùìU 1 ü
í ý = ê í ý
îP2 þ ëc d úû î U 2 þ

## 0 318.37 183.63 -114.2 -318.22 -183.63 -38.57 0 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0 0

0 183.63 526.18 66.801 -183.63 -106.18 66.801 0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 0 0
0 -114.2 66.801 1E+05 38.5675 -66.801 25455 0 75.6 -1E-14 25200 0 0
-6 -318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.221 183.63 38.231 -0.336 0 0 0 -4E-05 -0.336
0 -183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.635 134.18 -66.8 6E-17 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28
1000 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.2315 -66.801 54269 1680 0 0 0 0.336 -6E-17
0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 3360 0 0 0 0.336 -6E-17
F1 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 0 0
G1 -8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0
M1 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 25200 0 75.6 -1E-14 50400 0 0
F4 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 0.336 0 0 0 4E-05 5E-15
G4 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 -6E-17 0 0 0 5E-15 28
7. Menghitung Displacement

## 0 318.37 183.63 -114.17 -318.22 -183.6 -38.57 0 -1 U2

0 183.63 526.18 66.8009 -183.63 -106.2 66.801 0 V2
0 -114.2 66.801 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 θ2
-6 = -318.2 -183.6 38.5675 318.22 183.63 38.231 -0.336 U3
0 -183.6 -106.2 -66.801 183.63 134.18 -66.8 6E-17 V3
1000 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 1680 θ3
0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 3360 θ4

## U2 11.468 -0.001 0.00972 11.457 0.0163 -0.005 0.0034 0

V2 -0.001 0.0024 -2E-06 0.0003 1E-06 -3E-06 1E-06 0
θ2 0.0097 -2E-06 2E-05 0.0097 3E-05 -9E-06 6E-06 0
U3 = 11.457 0.0003 0.0097 11.463 -0.004 -0.005 0.0034 -6
V3 0.0163 1E-06 3E-05 -0.0043 0.0357 4E-05 -2E-05 0
θ3 -0.005 -3E-06 -9E-06 -0.0046 4E-05 2E-05 -1E-05 1000
θ4 0.0034 1E-06 6E-06 0.0034 -2E-05 -1E-05 0.0003 0

U2 -73.31
V2 -0.005
θ2 -0.067
U3 = -73.37 cm, radian
V3 0.0699
θ3 0.0507
θ4 -0.033

## 8. Menghitung reaksi tumpuan

-73.31
F1 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 -0.005
G1 -8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 -0.067
M1 = -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 25200 0 -73.37
F4 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 0.336 0.0699
G4 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 -6E-17 0.0507
-0.033

5.9907
-1.958
= 5122.5 t, tm
0.0093
-1.958
9. Menghitung gaya-gaya pada ujung batang
a. Batang 1

F1
G1
M1
F2
G2
M2

## -2E-16 1 0 0 0 0 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6

-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0 8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14
0 0 1 0 0 0 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0.1512 8E-14 -75.6
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 8E-14 420 1E-14
0 0 0 0 0 1 75.6 -1E-14 25200 -75.6 1E-14 50400

0 420 0 0 -420 0 0
0 0 -76 0 0 -76 0
76 0 50400 -76 0 25200 0
0 -420 0 0 420 0 -73.31
0 0 76 0 0 76 -0.005
76 0 25200 -76 0 50400 -0.07

F1 1.9582
G1 -5.991
M1 = 3844.3 t,tm
F2 -1.958
G2 5.9907
M2 2146.4
b. Batang 2

F1
G1
M1
F2
G2
M2

## 0.866 -0.5 0 0 0 0 318.22 183.63 -38.57 -318 -183.6 -38.57

0.5 0.866 0 0 0 0 183.63 106.18 66.8 -184 -106.2 66.801
0 0 1 0 0 0 -38.57 66.801 50909 38.567 -66.8 25455
0 0 0 0.86603 -0.5 0 -318.2 -183.6 38.57 318.22 183.63 38.567
0 0 0 0.5 0.866 0 -183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.63 106.18 -66.8
0 0 0 0 0 1 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.567 -66.8 50909

## 184 106 -67 -184 -106 -67 -73.3

318 184 39 -318 -184 39 -0.005
-39 67 50909 39 -67 25455 -0.067
-184 -106 67 184 106 67 -73.37
-318 -184 -39 318 184 -39 0.070
-39 67 25455 39 -67 50909 0.05

F2 4.209
G2 4.6912
M2 = -2146 t,tm
F3 -4.209
G3 -4.691
M3 859.85
c. Batang 3

F1
G1
M1
F2
G2
M2

## -2E-16 1 0 0 0 0 4E-05 5E-15 0.336 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336

-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0 5E-15 28 -6E-17 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17
0 0 1 0 0 0 0.336 -6E-17 3360 -0.336 6E-17 1680
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336 4E-05 5E-15 -0.336
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0 -5E-15 -28 6E-17 5E-15 28 6E-17
0 0 0 0 0 1 0.336 -6E-17 1680 -0.336 6E-17 3360

0 28 0 0 -28 0 0.0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0.000
0 0 3360 0 0 1680 -0.033
0 -28 0 0 28 0 -73.37
0 0 0 0 0 0 0.070
0 0 1680 0 0 3360 0.05

F4 -1.958
G4 -0.009
M4 = 3E-14 t,tm
F3 1.9582
G3 0.0093
M3 140.15
0
0
0
U2
V2
θ2
U3
V3
θ3
0
0
θ4

U2
V2
θ2
U3
V3
θ3
θ4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-73.31
-0.005
-0.067
-73.31
-0.005
-0.067
-73.37
0.07
0.051
0
0
-0.033
-73.37
0.07
0.051
U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 U4 V4
0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14
75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0.1512 8E-14 -75.6
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 8E-14 420 1E-14
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -75.6 1E-14 50400

U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 U4 V4

## 318.22 183.63 -38.57 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57

183.63 106.18 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801
-38.57 66.801 50909 38.567 -66.8 25455
-318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.567
-183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.63 106.18 -66.8
-38.57 66.801 25455 38.567 -66.8 50909

U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 U4 V4

## 4E-05 5E-15 -0.336 -4E-05 -5E-15

5E-15 28 6E-17 -5E-15 -28
-0.336 6E-17 3360 0.336 -6E-17
-4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15
-5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28
-0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17

## F1 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0

G1 8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0
M1 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0
0 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.37 183.63 -114.2 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0
0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.63 526.18 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801 0
0 75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.2 66.801 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0
-6 0 0 0 -318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.231 -4E-05
0 0 0 0 -183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15
1000 0 0 0 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336
F4 0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05
G4 0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336
U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 U4

## 0 318.37 183.63 -114.2 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6

0 183.63 526.18 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801 0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14
0 -114.2 66.801 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 75.6 -1E-14 25200
-6 -318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.231 -0.336 0 0 0
0 -183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.63 134.18 -66.8 6E-17 0 0 0
1000 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 1680 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 3360 0 0 0
F1 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0.1512 8E-14 75.6
G1 -8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 8E-14 420 -1E-14
M1 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 25200 0 75.6 -1E-14 50400
F4 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 0.336 0 0 0
G4 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 -6E-17 0 0 0
U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 θ4 U1 V1 θ1
θ4
U1
V1
θ1
U2
V2
θ2
U3
V3
θ3
U4
V4
θ4

θ4
U1
V1
θ1
U2
V2
θ2
U3
V3
θ3
U4
V4
θ4

θ4
U1
V1
θ1
U2
V2
θ2
-0.336 U3
6E-17 V3
1680 θ3
0.336 U4
-6E-17 V4
3360 θ4

0 0 0 U1
0 0 0 V1
0 0 0 θ1
0 0 U2 U2
0 0 V2 V2
0 0 θ2 θ2
-5E-15 -0.336 U3 U3
-28 6E-17 V3 V3
-6E-17 1680 θ3 θ3
5E-15 0.336 0 U4
28 -6E-17 0 V4
-6E-17 3360 θ4 θ4
V4 θ4

0 0 U2 U2
0 0 V2 V2
0 0 θ2 θ2
-4E-05 -0.336 U3 U3
-5E-15 -28 V3 V3
0.336 -6E-17 θ3 θ3
0.336 -6E-17 θ4 θ4
0 0 0 U1
0 0 0 V1
0 0 0 θ1
4E-05 5E-15 0 U4
5E-15 28 0 V4
U4 V4
Analisa Plane Frame

## Untuk setiap batang

Batang 1 A = 200 cm2 M = 1/8*P*L tm
i = 6000 cm4 P = 6t
Batang 2 A = 200 cm2 P = 2t
i = 6000 cm4
Batang 3 A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
E = 2100 t/cm2
10 m = 1000 cm
9,9 m = 990 cm
15 m = 15000 cm
8,5 m = 8500 cm

Nodal/ 1 2 3 4
X 0 0 15000 8500
Y 0 1000 8500 0

## 2. Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang

Dengan rumus = T
k =[ T ] ⋅ k ⋅[ T ]
[ g] [ l]

[ ] [ ]
AE
0 0 − AE 0 0
L
6 EI
L
12 EI 6 EI
cosα sin α 0 0 0 0
12 EI
0 0 −
L3 L
2
L
3
L
2
−sinα cosα 0 0 0 0
6 EI 4 EI 6 EI 2 EI
0 0 −
L
2
L L
2
L 0 0 1 0 0 0
[ k l ]= −
AE
0 0
AE
0 0
[ T ]=
L L 0 0 0 cosα sinα 0
12 EI 6 EI 12 EI 6 EI
0 0

L
3 −
L
2
L
3 −
L
2
0 0 0 −sinα cosα 0
6 EI 2 EI 6 EI 4 EI
0
L
2
L
0 −
L
2
L 0 0 0 0 0 1
a. Batang 1

A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
L = 1000 cm
E = 2100 t/cm2
Sudut 4.7124 Rad

## Matrix kekakuan batang dalam koordinat lokal

420 0 0 -420 0 0
0 0.1512 75.6 0 -0.1512 75.6
0 75.6 50400 0 -75.6 25200
-420 0 0 420 0 0
0 -0.151 -75.6 0 0.1512 -75.6
0 75.6 25200 0 -75.6 50400

## Matrix transformasi batang

-2E-16 -1 0 0 0 0
1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 -1 0
0 0 0 1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

-2E-16 1 0 0 0 0
-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

T
Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang = [ k g ]=[ T ] ⋅[ k l ]⋅[ T ]
0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.1512 -8E-14 75.6 U1
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 V1
kg1 = 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 θ1
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0.1512 8E-14 -75.6 U2
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 8E-14 420 1E-14 V2
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -75.6 1E-14 50400 θ2
U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2
b. Batang 2

A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
L = 990 cm
E = 2100 t/cm2
Sudut 0.5236 Rad

## Matrix kekakuan batang dalam koordinat lokal

424.24 0 0 -424.24 0 0
0 0.1558 77.135 0 -0.1558 77.135
0 77.135 50909 0 -77.135 25455
-424.2 0 0 424.242 0 0
0 -0.156 -77.13 0 0.1558 -77.13
0 77.135 25455 0 -77.135 50909

## Matrix transformasi batang

0.866 0.5 0 0 0 0
-0.5 0.866 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.86603 0.5 0
0 0 0 -0.5 0.866 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

0.866 -0.5 0 0 0 0
0.5 0.866 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.86603 -0.5 0
0 0 0 0.5 0.866 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

T
Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang = [ k g ]=[ T ] ⋅[ k l ]⋅[ T ]
318.22 183.63 -38.57 -318.22 -183.63 -38.57 U2
183.63 106.18 66.801 -183.63 -106.18 66.801 V2
kg2 = -38.57 66.801 50909 38.5675 -66.801 25455 θ2
-318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.221 183.63 38.567 U3
-183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.635 106.18 -66.8 V3
-38.57 66.801 25455 38.5675 -66.801 50909 θ3
U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3
c. Batang 3

A = 200 cm2
i = 6000 cm4
L = 15000 cm
E = 2100 t/cm2
Sudut 4.7124 Rad

## Matrix kekakuan batang dalam koordinat lokal

28 0 0 -28 0 0
0 4E-05 0.336 0 -4E-05 0.336
0 0.336 3360 0 -0.336 1680
-28 0 0 28 0 0
0 -4E-05 -0.336 0 4E-05 -0.336
0 0.336 1680 0 -0.336 3360

## Matrix transformasi batang

-2E-16 -1 0 0 0 0
1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 -1 0
0 0 0 1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

-2E-16 1 0 0 0 0
-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

T
Menghitung matrix kekakuan global batang = [ k g ]=[ T ] ⋅[ k l ]⋅[ T ]
4E-05 5E-15 0.336 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 U4
5E-15 28 -6E-17 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 V4
kg 3 = 0.336 -6E-17 3360 -0.336 6E-17 1680 θ4
-4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336 4E-05 5E-15 -0.336 U3
-5E-15 -28 6E-17 5E-15 28 6E-17 V3
0.336 -6E-17 1680 -0.336 6E-17 3360 θ3
U4 V4 θ4 U3 V3 θ3
3. Membentuk matrix kekakuan seluruh struktur (overal stiffnes matrix)
U1 V1 θ1 U2 V2 θ2 U3 V3 θ3 U4 V4 θ4
0.151 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 U1
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 0 0 V1
75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0 0 0 θ1
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.37 183.635 -114.17 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 0 0 U2
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.63 526.177 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801 0 0 0 V2
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.2 66.8009 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 0 0 θ2
0 0 0 -318.2 -183.63 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.231 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336 U3
0 0 0 -183.6 -106.18 -66.801 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15 -28 6E-17 V3
0 0 0 -38.57 66.8009 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336 -6E-17 1680 θ3
0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15 0.336 U4
0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28 -6E-17 V4
0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17 3360 θ4

## Jadi matrix kekakuan seluruh strukturnya adalah

0.151 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 0 0
75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0 0 0
-0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.37 183.635 -114.17 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 0 0
-8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.63 526.177 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.801 0 0 0
75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.2 66.8009 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 0 0
0 0 0 -318.2 -183.63 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.231 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336
0 0 0 -183.6 -106.18 -66.801 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15 -28 6E-17
0 0 0 -38.57 66.8009 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336 -6E-17 1680
0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15 0.336
0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28 -6E-17
0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17 3360

4. a. Membentuk vektor beban luar berdasarkan applied forces dan kondisi tumpuan
b. Membentuk vektor displacement berdasarkan kondidi kekangan joint dan tumpuan

a. F1 F1 b. U1 0
G1 G1 V1 0
M1 M1 θ1 0
F2 F2 U2 U2
G2 1 equivalen joint load V2 V2
M2 = 247.5 equivalen joint load θ2 = θ2
F3 -6 U3 U3
G3 1 equivalen joint load V3 V3
M3 -247.5 equivalen joint load θ3 θ3
F4 F4 U4 0
G4 G4 V4 0
M4 0 θ4 θ4
5. Membentuk Matrix keseimbangan struktur

[ P ] =[ K ]⋅[U ]
F1 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.1512 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
G1 8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 0 0
M1 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 0 0 0 0
F2 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 318.372 183.63 -114.2 -318.2 -183.6 -38.57 0 0 0
1 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 183.635 526.18 66.801 -183.6 -106.2 66.8 0 0 0
247.5 75.6 -1E-14 25200 -114.17 66.801 1E+05 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 0 0
-6 0 0 0 -318.22 -183.63 38.567 318.22 183.63 38.23 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336
1 0 0 0 -183.63 -106.18 -66.8 183.63 134.18 -66.8 -5E-15 -28 6E-17
-247.5 0 0 0 -38.567 66.801 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 0.336 -6E-17 1680
F4 0 0 0 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 4E-05 5E-15 0.336
G4 0 0 0 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 5E-15 28 -6E-17
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 0.336 -6E-17 3360

## 6. Rearragement pada matrix keseimbangan struktur

ì P1 ü éa b ùìU 1 ü
í ý = ê í ý
îP2 þ ëc d úû î U 2 þ

## 0 318.37 183.63 -114.2 -318.22 -183.63 -38.57 0 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0 0

1 183.63 526.18 66.801 -183.63 -106.18 66.801 0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 0 0
247.5 -114.2 66.801 1E+05 38.5675 -66.801 25455 0 75.6 -1E-14 25200 0 0
-6 -318.2 -183.6 38.567 318.221 183.63 38.231 -0.336 0 0 0 -4E-05 -0.336
1 -183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.635 134.18 -66.8 6E-17 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28
-247.5 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.2315 -66.801 54269 1680 0 0 0 0.336 -6E-17
0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 3360 0 0 0 0.336 -6E-17
F1 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 0 0
G1 -8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0
M1 -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 25200 0 75.6 -1E-14 50400 0 0
F4 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 0.336 0 0 0 4E-05 5E-15
G4 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 -6E-17 0 0 0 5E-15 28
7. Menghitung Displacement

## 0 318.37 183.63 -114.17 -318.22 -183.6 -38.57 0 -1 U2

1 183.63 526.18 66.8009 -183.63 -106.2 66.801 0 V2
247.5 -114.2 66.801 101309 38.567 -66.8 25455 0 θ2
-6 = -318.2 -183.6 38.5675 318.22 183.63 38.231 -0.336 U3
1 -183.6 -106.2 -66.801 183.63 134.18 -66.8 6E-17 V3
-247.5 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.231 -66.8 54269 1680 θ3
0 0 0 0 -0.336 6E-17 1680 3360 θ4

## U2 11.468 -0.001 0.00972 11.457 0.0163 -0.005 0.0034 0

V2 -0.001 0.0024 -2E-06 0.0003 1E-06 -3E-06 1E-06 1
θ2 0.0097 -2E-06 2E-05 0.0097 3E-05 -9E-06 6E-06 247.5
U3 = 11.457 0.0003 0.0097 11.463 -0.004 -0.005 0.0034 -6
V3 0.0163 1E-06 3E-05 -0.0043 0.0357 4E-05 -2E-05 1
θ3 -0.005 -3E-06 -9E-06 -0.0046 4E-05 2E-05 -1E-05 -247.5
θ4 0.0034 1E-06 6E-06 0.0034 -2E-05 -1E-05 0.0003 0

U2 -65.19
V2 0.0008
θ2 -0.051
U3 = -65.24 cm, radian
V3 0.0588
θ3 0.0196
θ4 -0.016

## 8. Menghitung reaksi tumpuan

-65.19
F1 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6 0 0 0 0 0.001
G1 -8E-14 420 -1E-14 0 0 0 0 -0.051
M1 = -75.6 1E-14 25200 0 0 25200 0 -65.24
F4 0 0 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336 0.336 0.0588
G4 0 0 0 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17 -6E-17 0.0196
-0.016

5.996
0.3548
= 4135.5 t, tm
0.004
-1.645
9. Menghitung gaya-gaya pada ujung batang
a. Batang 1

F1
G1
M1
F2
G2
M2

## -2E-16 1 0 0 0 0 0.1512 8E-14 75.6 -0.151 -8E-14 75.6

-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0 8E-14 420 -1E-14 -8E-14 -420 -1E-14
0 0 1 0 0 0 75.6 -1E-14 50400 -75.6 1E-14 25200
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0 -0.151 -8E-14 -75.6 0.1512 8E-14 -75.6
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0 -8E-14 -420 1E-14 8E-14 420 1E-14
0 0 0 0 0 1 75.6 -1E-14 25200 -75.6 1E-14 50400

0 420 0 0 -420 0 0
0 0 -76 0 0 -76 0
76 0 50400 -76 0 25200 0
0 -420 0 0 420 0 -65.19
0 0 76 0 0 76 0.001
76 0 25200 -76 0 50400 -0.05

F1 -0.355
G1 -5.996
M1 = 3641.5 t,tm
F2 0.3548
G2 5.996
M2 2354.4
b. Batang 2

F2
G2
M2
F3
G3
M3

## 0.866 -0.5 0 0 0 0 318.22 183.63 -38.57 -318 -183.6 -38.57

0.5 0.866 0 0 0 0 183.63 106.18 66.8 -184 -106.2 66.801
0 0 1 0 0 0 -38.57 66.801 50909 38.567 -66.8 25455
0 0 0 0.86603 -0.5 0 -318.2 -183.6 38.57 318.22 183.63 38.567
0 0 0 0.5 0.866 0 -183.6 -106.2 -66.8 183.63 106.18 -66.8
0 0 0 0 0 1 -38.57 66.801 25455 38.567 -66.8 50909

## 184 106 -67 -184 -106 -67 -65.2

318 184 39 -318 -184 39 0.001
-39 67 50909 39 -67 25455 -0.051
-184 -106 67 184 106 67 -65.24
-318 -184 -39 318 184 -39 0.059
-39 67 25455 39 -67 50909 0.02

F2 4.87
G2 3.5568
M2 = -2107 t,tm
F3 -4.87
G3 -3.557
M3 -307.9
c. Batang 3

F4
G4
M4
F3
G3
M3

## -2E-16 1 0 0 0 0 4E-05 5E-15 0.336 -4E-05 -5E-15 0.336

-1 -2E-16 0 0 0 0 5E-15 28 -6E-17 -5E-15 -28 -6E-17
0 0 1 0 0 0 0.336 -6E-17 3360 -0.336 6E-17 1680
0 0 0 -2E-16 1 0 -4E-05 -5E-15 -0.336 4E-05 5E-15 -0.336
0 0 0 -1 -2E-16 0 -5E-15 -28 6E-17 5E-15 28 6E-17
0 0 0 0 0 1 0.336 -6E-17 1680 -0.336 6E-17 3360

0 28 0 0 -28 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 3360 0 0 1680 -0.016
0 -28 0 0 28 0 -65.24
0 0 0 0 0 0 0.059
0 0 1680 0 0 3360 0.02

F4 -1.645
G4 -0.004
M4 = 2E-14 t,tm
F3 1.6452
G3 0.004
M3 60.36
0
0
0
U2
V2
θ2
U3
V3
θ3
0
0
θ4

U2
V2
θ2
U3
V3
θ3
θ4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-65.19
0.001
-0.051
-65.19
0.001
-0.051
-65.24
0.059
0.02
0
0
-0.016
-65.24
0.059
0.02