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LPile

Pile Lateral Load Analysis Using Beam on Elastic Foundation Method

LatPileB Function
Pile bending moments, forces and deflection due to lateral loads
=LatPileB(Segments, Loads, Support Stiffness, EI)
Input:

Segments 2 column range listing pile length and number of segments, from the top, pile may be divided into zon
Loads 3 column range listing applied loads: Node number, Shear Force and Bending Moment
Soil stiffness Single column range listing soil stiffness (kN/m/m length) at each pile node
EI Single column range listing pile section stiffness (EI) at each pile node
Note: If the ranges specified for Soil-stiffness and/or EI have fewer rows than the number of nodes
then the last provided value is applied to nodes to the bottom of the pile

Sign Convention Assuming a vertical pile, with nodes listed from top to bottom:
Deflections and loads are positive from left to right
Positive bending moments cause compression in the right side of the pile

Output:
Output is a 4 column array, enter as an array function:
To enter an array function: Enter the function in the top left cell of the output range
Select the entire output range
Press F2
Press Ctrl-shift-enter
Column 1 Node Position from top
Column 2 Deflection
Column 3 Bending Moment
Column 4 Shear force

Example 1: 20 m pile in a uniform soil


Layers Loads
Length Subdivisions Node Shear, kN Moment, kNm
5 10 1 100 50
15 10

Soil Stiffness, kN/m/m Pile EI X Deflection Moment Shear Force


3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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LPile

3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 203575.2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Example 2: Soil stiffness increasing with depth, pile cracking moment 60 kNm
Layers Loads
Length Subdivisions Node Shear, kN Moment, kNm
20 40 1 100 50

Soil Stiffness, kN/m/m Pile EI X Deflection Moment Shear Force


250 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
375 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
500 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
625 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
750 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
875 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1000 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1125 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1250 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1375 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1500 20833.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1625 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1750 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1875 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2000 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2125 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2250 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2375 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2500 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2625 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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LPile

2750 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


2875 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3000 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3125 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3250 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3375 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3500 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3625 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3750 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3875 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4000 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4125 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4250 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4375 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4500 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4625 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4750 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4875 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5000 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5125 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5250 104166.7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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LPile

p, pile may be divided into zones of differing segment length


ending Moment

than the number of nodes

Bending Moment

1.20

1.00

0.80

Page 4
0.60
1.20

LPile
1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40

0.20

0.00
0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0

Bending Moment

12.00

10.00

8.00

6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00
0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0

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2.00

0.00 LPile
0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0

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LPile

Shear Force

12.00

10.00
1.68E+05

8.00

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6.00
12.00
LPile
10.00

-2.00E+02
-1.19E-03 8.00
-480000.0
571.429
6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00
50.0 60.0 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 2

Shear Force

12.00

10.00

8.00

6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00
5.0 40.0 45.0 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0

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2.00

0.00
LPile
5.0 40.0 45.0 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0

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LPile

Deflection
0.00E+00 5.00E+00 1.00E+01 1.50E+01 2.00E+01
12.00

10.00

8.00

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y

6.00
0.00E+00 5.00E+00 1.00E+01 1.50E+01 2.00E+01
12.00

LPile
10.00

8.00

y
6.00

4.00

2.00

.0 20.0 25.0 0.00

Deflection
0.00E+005.00E+001.00E+011.50E+012.00E+012.50E+013.00E+013.50E+014.00E+0
12.00

10.00

8.00
y

6.00

4.00

2.00

30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 0.00

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2.00

LPile
30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 0.00

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LPile

+01 2.00E+01 2.50E+01

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+01 2.00E+01 2.50E+01

LPile

0E+013.50E+014.00E+014.50E+01

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LPile

Page 15
Beam on Elastic Foundation Analysis

BoEFA Function
Beam on elastic foundations bending moments, forces and deflections
=BoEFA(BeamA, LoadA, FixedNodes)
Input:

BeamA 3 column range listing X coordinate, EI, and soil stiffness (kN/m/m length) at each node
Loads 3 column range listing applied loads: Node number, Shear Force and Bending Moment
FixedNodes Optional; 3-5 column range listing nodes with fixed or prescribed translation and/or rotation
NIP Optional; number of integration points per segment, default = min = 2, max = 6

Sign Convention Assuming a horizontal beam, with nodes listed from left to right:
Deflections and loads are positive upwards
Positive bending moments cause compression in the top of the beam

Output:
Output is a 4 column array, enter as an array function:
To enter an array function: Enter the function in the top left cell of the output range
Select the entire output range
Press F2
Press Ctrl-shift-enter
Column 1 Node Position from left
Column 2 Deflection
Column 3 Bending Moment
Column 4 Shear force

Example 1: 10 m beam with linear support variation

Loads Restrained Nodes Restrained freedom


Node Transverse, kN Moment, kNm Number Translation Rotation
3 -100 200 11 1
8 -200 0 1 1 1

Soil Stiffness,
X Beam EI kN/m/m X Deflection Moment
0 1666666.7 1000.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 1666666.7 1200.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 1666666.7 1400.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 1666666.7 1600.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 1666666.7 1800.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 1666666.7 2000.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 1666666.7 2200.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 1666666.7 2400.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 1666666.7 2600.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 1666666.7 2800.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 1666666.7 3000.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Strand7 Results

X Deflection Moment
0.00 -1.50E-02 -231.865
1.00 -1.46E-02 -159.497
2.00 -1.42E-02 -269.656
3.00 -1.40E-02 -259.905
4.00 -1.39E-02 -227.757
5.00 -1.40E-02 -170.547
6.00 -1.41E-02 -85.375
7.00 -1.43E-02 30.898
8.00 -1.45E-02 -18.410
9.00 -1.48E-02 -29.883
10.00 -1.50E-02 0.000
h) at each node
nding Moment
tion and/or rotation

Value
Translation Rotation
-0.015
-0.015 0.0005

-1.32E-02
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Defecton, m

-1.34E-02
Shear -1.36E-02
Force
#VALUE! -1.38E-02
#VALUE! -1.40E-02
#VALUE! BoEFA
#VALUE! -1.42E-02 Strand
#VALUE! -1.44E-02 7
#VALUE!
#VALUE! -1.46E-02
#VALUE! -1.48E-02
#VALUE!
-1.50E-02
X, m
-1.52E-02
-1.44E-02
-1.46E-02
-1.48E-02
-1.50E-02
#VALUE! X, m
#VALUE! -1.52E-02

Shear

Be nding M om e nt, kN m
Force
64.204
80.453
-0.846
20.291 50.000
43.985
70.454 0.000
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
99.946
-50.000
-67.319
-31.210 -100.000
BoEFA
8.361
Strand
51.519 -150.000 7

-200.000

-250.000
X, m
-300.000

120.000
Shear Force, kN

100.000
80.000
60.000
40.000
BoEFA
20.000 Strand
0.000 7
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
-20.000
-40.000
-60.000
X, m
-80.000
Disclaimer
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,


but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

A copy of the GNU General Public License may be obtained from:


The Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

dougjenkins@interactiveds.com.au
www.interactiveds.com.au
http://newtonexcelbach.wordpress.com/
ã Copyright 2010 Interactive Design Services Pty Ltd. all rights reserved

Revision History

Current Version 1.00 5-Jul-10

Rev Date By Description

1.00 5-Jul-10 DAJ First release