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Research

 

Title

HANUNUO’S RESILIENT COMMUNITY

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

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Complete and accurate, but simple and concise description of the study being proposed

         

Focused on the variables to be studied, and does not mislead the reader on the material to be covered in the study

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):

 
 

ABSTRACT

Indigenous people are the members of society that was often been neglected, or if not, they were the ones who often does not have a direct or has a difficulty in accessing the assistance from the local government units, in terms of health-related issues, education, and most especially in times of crisis and disaster. Because these people often lived at the skirts of the rural municipalities that they belong to and the Mangyan tribes of Oriental Mindoro in southern Tagalog is one of those people.

Today, though several of this Indigenous tribes have been given the privileges to have opportunities such as proper education. There is still an undeniable vast deficiency, it was still inadequate to lessen or to give these people the rights equal to the ordinary townsman. These tribes are still lacking of structures and facilities appropriate to their needs that will help them to cope with the unstoppable change in our climate and rapid change in the development of the society towards modernity.

Background of the Study

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

The island Mindoro was formerly called mait, it was known to Chinese trader even before the Spaniards came. In 1950 The Spaniards began to probe the island and later on named it as “Mina De Oro” or mine of gold, after discovering some of these precious metals through this expedition. Though

there are no major discovery that were ever made. As the years past it was now arrived to its now infamous name and was divided into two provinces Oriental and Occidental Mindoro. (http://phch.eccmanila.org/tribal.html, 2016)

About some 600-700 years ago an indigenous tribe called as Mangyans began to settle at the southeastern shores of Mindoro, it is said that they may have come from as far as Borneo and Sumatra. Tracing upon the roots it is also evident that these people absorbed parts of whatever culture that they have encountered the patent proof of this manifest with their present language and literature.

 

Mangyan is a general term applied to all the original inhabitants of the island. Most of the time they call themselves simply with it. But it is only when they call the attention to the fact that they alone are the "Real Mangyans" that they start to address themselves as the Hanunoo Mangyans. (Postma, 1974)

They inhabit the mountainous region of Southern and Southeastern Mindoro with what can be called as semi-permanent settlements. Their complete sustenance can be derived through swidden farming, which is a shifting cultivation, that involves cutting and burning, this type of farming was outdated and no longer tolerable. But as far as to their concern these ways have served them through generations and unless somebody would try to teach them differently, they would probably continue to this method of cultivation, for as long as the forces of the law and the circumstances permit it. As years passed, the Mangyans have developed essentials skills for their way of living. They have produced baskets with different shapes and sizes, cloths thru ginning, spinning and weaving, with their own production of cotton. They also have learned forging their own tools and weapons, with the help of the Malayan-type tools. (Postma, 1974)

There is one cultural item that have significant importance for their identity and that is their writing system. It has Indic origin that resembles other Southeast Asian writing systems. Mostly engrave in bamboos and other indigenous materials. This scripts prominently manifest with their intricate symbolic poetry, called Ambahan, one of the important discovery that contribute in our history. The way of life of the Mangyan tribe changed very little at the course of the century and will remain as it is, as long as it was not jolted by other culture. But It was, if that's the case, because that did not quite materialize. What did happen is still happening in the encounter of the Mangyan tribe with the ever- advancing modern civilization. (Postma, 1974)

It was when the time that strangers riding boats where swept to the shores of the island. The Mangyan's

called this strangers damuong or dumaong which is very clever considering the way this stranger’s sets

foot to the island. The damuongs arrivals to the island played a huge part within the changes among the

Mangyan's way of life. With the continues arrival of the damuongs, the mangyans were forced to move, which lead them to their current habitation the mountains of Mindoro. It gave them a splendid isolation, but not for long. (Postma, 1974)

The tribe did not remain untouched. The fact is, they have accepted and copied various items of the damuong or the lowlander's culture. For instances, like today they had added to their shopping list items such as matches, flashlights and kerosene mostly for lighting. Even the most conservative Mangyans have accepted these blessings of the modern civilization. It was just like their earlier migration that brought them to the island of Mindoro. (Postma, 1974)

 

With the continues growth of the lowlander’s population, unfortunate events happen, These indigenous

people were stripped off with the lands they own by the land-grabbers, due to their beliefs and lack of knowledge about land laws. Also, there are those Mangyans who, for one or another reason, choose to have a lasting contact with the modern civilization. But rather than benefited by it, they took it as rule, which lead them to be victimized and degraded. It is the same old sad story of the encounter between the advance civilization and a primitive culture. (Postma, 1974)

They were taken advantage, employing them with the landlords with very low wages, which gave them

the thinking that it’s rightful for them since there are just Mangyans, that they are not equal with their

tagalog co-workers or can also be called as the christian civilization since most of them are. Having been able to experience the culture they acquire the taste for the goods and services of the civilization and later find themselves unable to make ends meet for themselves and their families. Sinking them deeper into debt, causing them to enter into a permanent bondage with their landlord- debtor. They have also acquired the shady sides of the "civilized" society. Several of them turned to drinking and gambling, vices that were practically unknown to them before. They do not seem to be the same person anymore. Those who have opted to accept the lowland civilization of the Christian settlers, have as a consequence to become dependent to it. Gone are the fierce pride, the sense of independence and self-reliance. They have lost much more than they have gain from the encounter of the two cultures. (Postma, 1974)

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

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(Very Poor)

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Short and concise description of the problem to be solved, including the circumstances which suggested the research

         

Structure follows the inverted pyramid approach (general to specific discussion)

         

Information obtained from various sources are properly be cited

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):

 
 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

When super typhoon Haiyan (locally known as Yolanda) struck the Philippines on the 8th November 2013. The province of Mindoro was one of those highly affected and the mangyans are significantly affected. Their homes and their “kaingins” (vegetable garden) where totally damaged leaving them as one of the most vulnerable group but despite of the devastating event the mangyan people seems to have been forgotten as there is no assistance that comes from the local government.

The study shall therefore answer the following problems:

MAIN PROBLEM

With the scenario that arises every time such unfortunate event happens. What can be done to

strengthen the resiliency of this local indigenous people?

SUB-PROBLEMS

Statement of

the Problem

  • 1. How will the researcher come up with the design that will be beneficial for the resiliency of the group?

  • 2. What are the solution that the researcher would introduce that will result to the stronghold community?

  • 3. What facilities are essential for the project that will showcase its edge as a resilient community?

  • 4. What design concept would be appropriate for this type of project?

GOALS & OBJECTIVE

The goal of the study is to come up with a design that is effective in establishing a resilient

community for the Mangyan’s Hanunoo tribe.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE

  • 1. To provide the hanunoo tribe the opportunities to have educational, medical, sports

and recreation sanitation and religious facilities.

  • 2. To help in the preservation of the Mangyan’s culture of life.

 
  • 3. To develop and propagate marketing agriculture products in the market/outlets to satisfy and supplement their needs.

  • 4. To establish a design of added shelters for the future expansion.

 

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

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State the main question of your study and sub-problems

         

State the main goal and objectives of the study

         

Goals / objectives answer the main problem / sub-problems

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):

 
 
 

SIGNIFICANCE / IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY

 

The research is significant, because problems with the indigenous people is an existent problem through generations. Today it is still recurrent and more magnified through times of disasters and calamities. That is why the research would be relevant to the following:

Significance of the Study

1)

The Mangyan’s as one of the IP’s for their well-being as a people, a member of the community and a citizen of our country. Because these people are important facets in the foundation of the historical roots of the municipality they belong to.

2)

The Lgu (local government units) to recognize the needs of the IP’s (indigenous People.)

 

3)

The people or other member of the community, in order to come to their knowledge, the struggles within this IP communities

4)

The other researchers, to help them or give them reference for their future studies.

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

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Justification on the why the problem being investigated is important, and what significance the result will have

         

Includes a statement on the relevance to felt needs, the potential contribution of the research to new knowledge and policy implications

         
 
Postma, A. (1974). Development among the Mangyans of Mindoro. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society http://phch.e
Postma, A.
(1974).
Development
among the
Mangyans of
Mindoro.
Philippine
Quarterly of
Culture and
Society
http://phch.e
ccmanila.org/
tribal.html.
(2016, 12 14).
Retrieved
from
http://phch.e
ccmanila.org/
Matias, D. M.
Research
(2012).
Framework
Assessing
Aldrin Victor
Bernardo, A. Z.
(2014). Creating
adaptive
capacity of
Carla
Pereira, R. L.
indigenous
(2015).
Climate-Disaster
Resiliency on the
Indigenous
People,
"Tagbanuas" , in
Coron, Palawan.
Palaw’ans in
Resilient
Mount
Architecture
Mantalingahan,
Research:
Palawan,
Typoons in
Philippines.
the
Manila CIty:
Budapest: CEU
Philippines.
Environmental
and Climate
Change
Research
Institute
University
Research Center
De La Salle
eTD Collection.
Parasyut.De
sign Team.

Short

The research, mainly focuses with the indigenous people, specifically the Mangyans of Mindoro, their

discussion of

way of life and their struggles of living primitively in this era of modern technology. How are they

the Research

coping in this times, that climate change was magnified, especially in the event of natural disasters?

Framework

The research, aims to help the tribe to be a resilient community, as they were, usually the last one to be reach by the help of the local authorities. These are the ff. aspects to consider:

Community Development it is essential to have an effective community development in

fostering resiliency of the group. Cultural Heritage heritage is one important aspects to consider, since this ethnic groups

culture represents the province rich culture. Disaster Management an aspect that if effectively introduce to the IP Communities, would

definitely foster their resiliency. Technology Integration introducing technology in helping the community's resiliency is something to consider, since some of this technology has proven its effectivity.

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

1

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5

(Very Poor)

(Poor)

(Fair)

(Good)

(Excellent)

Illustration captures the connection and relationship of the concepts/ issues being discussed

         

Concise discussion tallies well with the illustration

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):

 

Review of

 
HANUNUO Mangyan’s Resilient community Shelter and community technologies
HANUNUO Mangyan’s
Resilient community
Shelter and community
technologies

Related

Literature

RRL of at least one literature to be used in the Research

SHELTER & COMMUNITIES

Assessing adaptive capacity of indigenous Palaw’ans in Mount Mantalingahan,

Palawan, Philippines

The capacity to adapt is contingent on different cultural, economic, political and social forces. Additionally, spatial and social differentiations occurring at sub-national levels also result to

 

differences in levels of vulnerability in one country. One social group often excluded in the

discussion of climate change is the indigenous peoples. Traditionally subsisting and living on very minimal assets, they shape and are being shaped by the different ecosystems that they live in and depend on. A group of indigenous Palaw’ans in Palawan, Philippines exhibit social- ecological dynamics with their ancestral domain, part of which is declared a protected area under the Mount Mantalingahan Protected Landscape. Through qualitative methods of key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and participant observation, this research aims

to determine the adaptive capacity of the Palaw’ans as a product of interrelationships among

cultural, ecological, and socio-political factors in the community. Specifically, this thesis aims to answer the research question: how do multi-level governance, social-ecological dynamics,

and local perceptions of environmental change affect the Palaw’ans’ adaptive capacity? The

research finds that the Palaw’ans are highly dependent on ecosystem services, which are affected by environmental changes and system boundaries of the ancestral domain and the protected area. Non-government organizations are perceived by Palaw’ans to be more supportive than government agencies involved in the polycentric governance of their area. This thesis gathers knowledge on vulnerability grounded on practice and also demonstrates the inadequacy of top-down approaches to climate change in marginalized groups. On a practical level, the results of this thesis may also facilitate the formal awarding of the ancestral domain

title of the Palaw’ans. (Matias, 2012)

Special Feature:

This thesis uses a bottom-up approach that seeks to identify aspects of adaptive capacity and variables of exposures and sensitivities empirically from the community (Smit and Wandel 2006). As such, this thesis uses three units of analysis (multi-level governance, social- ecological systems, and local perceptions of change) that are broad enough to accommodate conditions (cultural, ecological, social, or political) that are valuable for the community. These units of analysis help in identification of which and how practical initiatives should be done and who should be responsible for implementation (Smit and Wandel 2006).

The thesis will contribute to resilience studies by tackling a system with multiple boundaries, different social actors, and different forces. The research site is unique, as it is within three different boundaries of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

(UNESCO) Man and Biosphere (MAB) reserve programme, Palaw’an ancestral domain, and

 

Mount Mantalingahan protected area. The research focuses on the indigenous Palaw’ans, but

also studies the impacts of government and non-government entities in the system.

Creating Climate-Disaster Resiliency on the Indigenous People, “Tagbanuas”, in Coron, Palawan

The purpose of this research is to create a climate-disaster resiliency on indigenous people, "Tagbanuas", in Coron, Palawan. Indigenous people's dependence and close relationship to the natural environment define them to be vulnerable to climate change.

Palawan, regarded as the Philippines’ last frontier being the last unsettled area in the country is

not exempted to the consequences of the changing environment. The Tagbanuas tribe, one of the oldest ethnic groups in the Philippines, has been affected by the environmental change. This study aims to review and create concrete ways for resilience on this ethnic group as climate change threatens their survival through assessing their food security, economic

stability, biophysical assessment, indigenous or psychological beliefs and institutional framework. In addition, the study aims to draw creative ways based on their cultural beliefs and the use of possible technology to create pertinent solutions on their vulnerability to climate change. Auspicious environmentally maintainable economic development will also form indigenous people’s resilience to climate change by enriching their economic status. Additional income and access to resources allows vulnerable tribe populations to better adjust to climate-related challenges and reduce weather-related losses. (Aldrin Victor Bernardo,

2014)

 

Special Feature:

the study aims to introduce ingenious ways based on the cultural belief and the use of possible knowledge to react relevant solution in their vulnerability climate change. The possible hazard of climate change to indigenous peoples’ actual way of life combined with numerous legitimate as well as utilitarian barriers that affect the capability to cope with and adapt to climate change. Climate change affects the lives of tagbanua in several aspect, warmer weather and drying of wells were common impact and abundant disaster to tagbanuas. In some point, indigenous people are vital to, and active in, the various ecosystems that dwell in the territories and may consequently help improve the resilience of these ecosystems. Indigenous people interpret and

 

respond to the impacts of climate change in creative methods, drawing on traditional knowledge and other equipment to discovery answers which may support the society at large to cope with impending changes.

 

TECHNOLOGIES

Resilient Architecture Research: Typhoons in the Philippines

Buildings are a second layer to our fragile bodies. They shelter us from the great dangers of the outside world. But what Parasyut Design Team really wants to understand is: Why do our buildings fail to meet their primary and most essential function in the face of a horrendous

event such as a Typhoon? And how does a person, a city, or even a whole country, recover from the trail of destruction left behind when natural and political disasters are combined?

Our goal is to show that properly applied Architecture can simplify and solve some of the greatest barriers to resilience, while unifying local and international communities. We chose to work in the Philippines not only because of its location in the western Pacific Ocean, an area hit by an average of 20 typhoons or tropical storms every year, but also because the Filipino spirit is not easily broken and we have much to learn from their resilient culture. In the following weeks we will be looking at different construction methods and materials, from the past, to the future. (Carla Pereira, 2015)

 

Special Feature:

Vernacular architecture of Philippines can address the most common of structural problems with its simplicity and logical arrangement of elements, space and materials. The houses are built with a simple structure of bamboo and wood, covered by a thatched roof, that protect the large windows from dissipating the hot air upwards moderating the temperature inside. Vernacular Architecture of Philippines promotes natural ventilation, fast and economic construction with local and organic materials, simple structure and climate concerns. Sunlight and rain, with vented soffits to assist in dissipating the hot air upwards moderating the temperature inside. Vernacular Architecture of Philippines promotes natural ventilation, fast and economic construction with local and organic materials, simple structure and climate concerns.

 

ASSESSMENT OF RELATED LITERATURE

The assessment findings showed similarities to the IP’s natural shelters that reflects lifestyle

of the tribe through customs, practice and traditions that several of the tribal communities, have suffered from the economic problems such as poverty, literacy and health. They have the same

predicaments throughout generations.

In solving this problem they would need a genuine concern of the surrounding community that they belong to, they would need assistance especially with this following concerns:

For the literacy, they would need a space for their school and learning center for the appreciation and enhancement of education for greater understanding of the cultural and ecological interest that concerns their community.

 

For the health, providing them the proper training for prevention and primary health care and most specially a place which can sought immediate assistance for a minor health problem.

The technologies applied will be adapted to the proposed project to achieve a well sustainable kind of architecture. This shown the importance of analyzing the surrounding environment to anticipate possible problem that may arise and taking maximum advantage with the site location to capture pleasant views and efficient building orientation, this also shows the effect of a well oriented project which gives benefits both to the users and the environment.

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

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(Very Poor)

(Poor)

(Fair)

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The structure of the RRL captures the overview, concepts and explanations, and concluding discussion on the relevance of the literature to the research

         

Concise discussion tallies well with the illustration

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):

 
Methodolog y Short RESEARCH DESIGN discussion of the Methodolog y The research study was designed for
Methodolog
y
Short
RESEARCH DESIGN
discussion of
the
Methodolog
y
The research study was designed for a community that would sustain the primary needs
of the Hanunuo tribe in striving for its resiliency. The design must identify the requirements and
the criterion of the proposed project.
General Research Design
The general research design studies and identifies the basic standard, criterion
and components of the proposed resilient community. It also covers elements and
requirements mandatory for the proposed project.
Specific Research Design
 

The specific research was designed to study the detail of the elements of the subject, particularly in the daily activity of the community.

INSTRUMENT / TOOLS USED

Participatory method and descriptive data gathering are the two research method that is widely used. It will be acquired through observation, actual opinion or interview, study documentary and questionnaire or random sampling.

Instruments:

  • Observation A type of data gathering through observing and to analyze the actual condition of the site and recording of facts as of scientific study.

  • Interview To measure the respondent’s awareness regarding the problem.

  • Documentary Data gathering through books, magazines, journals and recording or news events or social conditions in nonfictional but dramatically form.

  • Books / E- Books - a collection of facts, informations and set of rules, conventions, or standards.

  • Camera - a portable electronic recording device capable of recording live-motion video and taking photos or pictures.

  • Laptop / Computer - An electronic device that stores and manipulates information. It is able to store, retrieve, and process data.

Applications:

  • Observation Observing the proposed site, analyzing the actual condition and give ocular inspection to the existing structure on how to develop and what is to be retained or what is to be removed.

  • Interview A face-to-face meeting with the resource person like directors of an indigenous community center that gives the researcher some helpful suggestions, opinions and ideas.

 
  • Documentary/Reference Survey Gathering of data’s from different reading materials containing general information about the study which are not present on actual surveys and observations.

DATA GENERATION

The study of data generation is considered as a back bone of the research. It is also part

of the research to be done as possible. This research study proposal instituted with the following main sources of information.

  • Primary Sources

o

Interview this is obtained through a question and answer form. It can gather data on a much shorter time and much precise observation.

o

Observation using the acquired data gathered in determining the actual conditions of the site location and its environment.

  • Secondary Source

o

Library works The textbook and references. These were sources of relevant information that were used in report and serve as the basics for the making of this study

o

Document Materials related books, periodicals, articles publication and other references related to study that are considered relevant.

o

Maps / Graphics Info - Instrumental used of supplement site survey.

CORRELATION AND SYNTHESIS

 

At this point, gathered information/data are carefully screened, reviewed and

analyzed.

  • Data Analysis:

 

Analyzation of gathered data to form the component parts contributory to the general data and information though comparative views, arranged presentations and refining of inputs.

  • Integration:

Union of component data in terms of meaning interrelationship that will serve as the common ground in making a through inform line of thinking and reference to the study.

  • Recommendation:

Assessment of researcher’s representation of suggestions, which is derived from the conclusions to form a well, studies and carefully thought of solutions most, preferred from the varied possibilities.

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

1

2

3

4

5

(Very Poor)

(Poor)

(Fair)

(Good)

(Excellent)

Illustration captures the connection and relationship of the concepts/ issues being discussed

         

Concise discussion tallies well with the illustration

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):

 
 

References

References

Aldrin Victor Bernardo, A. Z. (2014). Creating Climate-Disaster Resiliency on the Indigenous People, "Tagbanuas" , in Coron, Palawan. Manila CIty: Environmental and Climate Change Research Institute University Research Center De La Salle Araneta University. Carla Pereira, R. L. (2015). Resilient Architecture Research: Typoons in the Philippines. Parasyut.Design Team. http://phch.eccmanila.org/tribal.html. (2016, 12 14). Retrieved from http://phch.eccmanila.org/tribal.html Matias, D. M. (2012). Assessing adaptive capacity of indigenous Palaw’ans in Mount Mantalingahan, Palawan, Philippines. Budapest: CEU eTD Collection. Postma, A. (1974). Development among the Mangyans of Mindoro. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, pp. 21-37.

Grading Parameters (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor)

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(Very Poor)

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(Fair)

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Reference list follows the APA style format

         

Reference list contains 80% books or journals and 20% other sources

         

Reference list is correctly cited in the background of the study and other parts of the capsule proposal

         

Notes (To be filled up by the Evaluator/ Instructor):