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Istilah Dalam Kelistrikan

Absolute pressure Tekanan mutlak / absolut

Absolute air temperature Suhu udara mutlak / absolut

Acceptance procedure Prosedur penerimaan

Acceptance quality level Tingkat mutu penerimaan

Acceptance test Uji penerimaan

Accuracy class Kelas ketelitian

Accuracy class disignation Penunjukkan kelas ketelitian

Actual Sebenarnya

Actual transformation ratio Rasio transformasi sebenarnya

Adiabatic index Indeks adiabatis

Adjusment Penyetelan / penyesuaian

Air circulator Sirkulator udara

Air pressure (at the compressor outlet) Tekanan udara (pada sisi keluar kompressor)

Air pressure drop Turun tekanan udara

Altitude Ketinggian
Ambient site temperature Suhu sekitar di lapangan

Ambient temperature Suhu sekitar

Ambient test pressure Tekanan uji sekitar

Ambient test temperature Suhu uji sekitar

Ambulance Ambulans

Arcing time Waktu busur

Arc-suppression coil Kumparan pemadam-busur

Atmospheric conditions Kondisi atmosfiris

Automatic Change Over Switch Saklar pindah otomatis

Automatic sectionalizer Saklar seksi otomatis

Oto-transformator, transformator belitan


Auto-transformer
tunggal

Auxiliary relay Rele bantu

Available hours ( AH ) Jam tersedia

Barometric pressure Tekanan barometer

Basic Insulation Level Tingkat dasar isolasi

Beaker tong Gegep piala, tang piala


Bituminous compound Kompon aspal

Boost pressure Tekanan penguat

Boost pressure ratio Rasio tekanan penguat

Brake mean effective pressure Tekanan efektif rata-rata

Brake power Daya poros

Breakdown Tembus; hubung singkat

Breaking capacity Daya / Kapasitas pemutusan

Bucket truck with boom Truk timba berlengan

Burden Beban

Burden Beban ( untuk CT dan VT )

Capacitor bank Tumpuk kapasitor

Capacitor voltage devider Pembagi-tegangan kapasitor

Capacitor voltage transformer (CVT) Trafo-tegangan kapasitor

Capacity factor ( CF ) Faktor kapasitas

Cascading Secara berurutan ; secara beruntun

Charge air pressure Tekanan udara pengisi


Chopped impuls Impuls terpancung

Circulating oil consumed Minyak sirkulasi terpakai

Class of rating Kelas pengenal

Classification of test Klasifikasi pengujian, klasifikasi uji

Clause Ayat

Clearing Pembebasan

Clearing time Waktu pembebasan

Climate Iklim

Clinic Klinik

Cloud Awan

Cloud Kabut (pada mesin diesel)

Collapse Runtuhnya sistem ; keruntuhan sistem

Communication equipment Perlengkapan komunikasi

Communication unit Unit komunikasi

Composite Komposit, paduan

Composite error Kesalahan komposit, kesalahan paduan


Compression ignition engines Mesin penyalaan kompresi

Conservator tank Tangki konservator

Constant pressure system Sistem tekanan konstan

Continuous running duty type Jenis tugas kontinyu

Conventional assumptions Asumsi konvensional

Coolant Media pendingin

Cooling fluid flow Aliran fluida pendingin

Crankshaft Poros-engkol

Creepage distance Jarak rayap

Gangguan pertama dan diiukuti gangguan


Cross country fault
kedua, dst.

Cubicle Lemari hubung ; Panel

Current error Kesalahan arus

Current grading Peningkatan arus

Current limiting fuse Sekering / pelebur pembatas arus

Current transformer Transformator arus

Cut-off current Arus terpotong


Cyclic duration level Faktor lama daur

Lubang keluar pada silinder; lubang-keluar


Cylinder outlet
silinder

Danger sign Papan tanda bahaya

Declared power Daya pengenal (mesin diesel)

Declared speed Putaran pengenal (mesin diesel)

Depression Depresi

Derated Perkurangan nilai

Device Alat

Direct cooled winding Belitan dengan pendinginan langsung

Direct cost Biaya langsung

Direct test Pengujian langsung

Directional unit Unit arah

Disconnect stick Tongkat pemisah

Dish tong Gegep cawan

Disruptive discharge Lepasan merusak

Dissipation factor Faktor disipasi


Distrubance recorder Rekaman gangguan

Downward range Julat / jangkau ke bawah

Dry chemical (Bahan) kimia kering

Dry powder Serbuk kering

Dry-type transformer Transformator jenis-kering

Dual-fuel engine Mesin bahan bakar ganda

Duty Tugas

Duty type Jenis tugas

Dynamic force Gaya mekanik

Dynamic rating Nilai pengenal dinamis

Ears protector Pelindung telinga

Earthed-neutral system Sistem netral ditanahkan

Earthing factor Faktor pentanahan

Effectivelly-earthed system Sistem ditanahkan-efektif

Elecrical methods Metode elektris

Electric dynamometer Dinamometer listrik


Electric fan Kipas listrik ; Kipas angin listrik

Emergency lighting Lampu penerangan darurat

Emergency lights Lampu darurat

Emission rate Laju emisi

Enclosure Selungkup

Engine driving shaft extermity Ekstremitas poros-gerak mesin

Engine driving shaft speed Putaran poros-gerak mesin

Engine speed Putaran mesin

Engine torque Momen puntir mesin

Lubang masuk pada mesin ; lubang-masuk


Engine-inlet
mesin

Error triangle Segitiga kesalahan

Exciting current Arus eksitasi, arus penguat

Exhaust gas emission Emisi gas buang

Exhaust manifold Manifold gas-buang

Exhaust pipe Pipa gas-buang

Exposed installation Instalasi terbuka


Expulsion fuse Sekering (jenis) letupan

Extended current rating Nilai pengenal arus yang diperbesar

Face and eyes protector Pelindung muka dan mata

Factory inspection Penilikan pabrik

Factory test Uji pabrik

Fast operation Kerja cepat

Fast reserve Cadangan cepat

Fault condition Kondisi gangguan

Filter soiling Pengotoran filter

Filters filter

Fire extinguisher Pemadan api

First aid kit Kotak P3K

Flask tong Gegep botol

Floating jacket Baju pelampung

Flowchart Diagram alir

Foam type fire extinguisher Pemadan api jenis busa


Forced outage factor Faktor keluar paksa

Forced outage hours (FOH) Jam keluar paksa

Forced partial putage hour Jam keluar parsial paksa

Four-stroke engine Mesin empat langkah

Frequency gradient df/dt Tingkat kecepatan penurunan frekwensi

Full insulation Isolasi penuh

Full load Beban penuh

Fume hood Lemari asam

Fuse Pelebur/pengaman lebur ; sekring

Fuse base Rumah pelebur ; rumah sekring

Fuse carrier Pemikul sekring

Fuse link Batang pelebur

Fuse-element Elemen lebur

Fusing factor Faktor lebur

Fusing ratio Rasio lebur

Gas detector Detector gas


Gas type fire extinguisher Pemadam api jenis gas

Gaseous components Komponen-komponen gas

Gaseous emission compositions Komposisi emisi gas

Gauge pressure Tekanan terukur

Glove and arm sleeve Sarung tangan dan sarung lengan

Governing system factor Factor sistem pengaturan putaran

Gravimetric carbon Karbon gravimetris

Grounding stick Tongkat hubung tanah ; tongkat hubung-tanah

Halon fire extinguisher Pemadam api jenis halon

Haze Kabut

Head Tinggi terjun

Head Tinggi energi

Hearing protector Pelindung telinga

Heat rate Taraf kalor

Hermetically Hermetis

Hermetically sealed Tertutup hermetis / kedap udara


High set Tingkat-tinggi

Highest system voltage Tegangan sistem tertinggi

Tegangan tertinggi untuk perlengkapan


Highest voltage for equipment (highest*)
(Tegangan*)

Hot spot Suhu belitan bagian terpanas

Hot-line stick Tongkat kerja bertegangan

Humid Lembab

Hydraulic brake Rem hidrolis

Idling speed Putaran tanpa beban

Inception report Laporan awal

Indicator diagram Diagram indikator

Indirect cooled winding Belitan berpendingin tak-langsung

Indirect cost Biaya tak langsung

Indoor Pasangan dalam

Inspection Pemeriksaan ; penilikan

Inspection and testing Penilikan dan pengujian

Instability Ketakstabilan
Installed capacity (IC) Daya / kapasitas terpasang

Instruction manual Buku petunjuk

Instrument security current Arus kemanan instrumen

Instrument security factor Faktor keamanan instrumen

Instrument transformer Transformator instrumen

Insulating stick Tongkat isolasi

Intangible benefit Keuntungan samar

Interim report Laporan sementara

Islanding Pembentukan pulau

Isolated-neutral system Sistem netral -terisolasi

Isolating Pemisahan

Isolator Pemisah

Land cover Penutup lahan

Light absorption Penyerapan cahaya

Light obscurement Kesuraman cahaya

Light reflectivity Reflektivitas / daya pantul


Lightning impulse-test Pengujian-impulse petir

Lightning surge Surja petir

Limit of temperature rise Batas kenaikan suhu

Linear electric component Komponen elektrisk linier

Linear magnetic component Komponen magnetis linier

Load duration curve (LDC) Kurva lama beban

Load sharing Pembagian beban

Load shedding Pelepasan beban

Local back-up Cadangan lokal

Low set Tingkat-rendah

Lampu tegangan rendah (khusus untuk K3:12,


Low voltage lights
24 V)

Lubricating system Sistem pelumasan

Main condition Kondisi utama

Manufacturer Pabrikan, pembuat

Maximum pressure Tekanan maksimum

Mean fuel pressure Tekanan bahan bakar rata-rata


Mean inspection Pemeriksaan antara

Measuring apparatus Aparat ukur

Measuring current transformer Transformator arus ukur

Measuring instrument Instrumen ukur

Method Metode

Moment of inertia Momen inersia / kelembaman

Monsoon winds Angin musim

Multi-ratio Rasio ganda

Network planning Perencanaan kerja berkait

Nominal speed of rotation Putaran nominal

Non self-restoring insulation Isolasi tak pulih-sendiri

Non-exposed installation Instalasi-tak-terbuka

Non-load operation Operasi beban-nol

Normal pressure differential systems Sistem beda tekanan normal

Oil consumed Pemakaian minyak persatuan waktu

Oil-immersed transformer Transformator terendam-minyak


Oil-immersed transformer Transformator terendam-minyak

Operating availability factor Faktor ketersediaan operasi

Outage management Manajemen keluar

Outdoor Pasangan luar

Output factor (OF) Faktor keluaran

Over lapping Tumpang tindih

Overall efficiency Efisiensi unit / keseluruhan

Overhaul Pemeriksaan besar

Overtopping Pelimpasan

Over-voltage inter-turn test Pengujian-tegangan lebih antar-belitan

Parallel operation Kerja paralel

Parameters of dynamic behaviour Parameter kelakuan dinamis

Parameters of steady/steady state behaviour Parameter kelakuan mantap

Part Bagian

Partial discharge measurement Pengukuran lepasan parsial

Partial load increase Kenaikan beban partial


Peak current Arus puncak

Penstock Pipa pesat

Performance Unjuk-kerja

Performance test Uji unjuk kerja

Period hours (PH) Jam periode

Phase comparison protection Proteksi perbandingan fasa

Phase displacement Pergeseran fasa

Planned outage factor (POF) Faktor keluar terencana

Planned outage hours (POH) Jam keluar terencana

Point of common coupling Titik sambung bersama

Power adjustment factor Faktor penyesuaian daya

Power direction Arah daya

Power frequency Frekuensi-kerja

Power swing Ayunan daya

Power variation band Daerah variasi daya

Pre-arcing time or melting time Waktu prabusur atau waktu leleh


Pressure charger inlet Sisi masuk pengisi tekanan

Primary winding Belitan primer

Prospective breaking current Arus pemutusan prospektif

Protective current transformer Transformator arus pengaman

Protective device Alat Pengaman

Protective matting Alas pengaman

Pull out of synchronism Unit-unit pembangkit lepas sinkron

Purchaser Pemilik, pembeli

Quality control Pengawasan mutu

Radiation monitor Pemantau radiasi

Rainfall Curah hujan

Rated continuous thermis current Arus termis kontinyu pengenal

Rated current of the fuse-link Arus pengenal anak pelebur

Rated dynamic current Arus dinamik pengenal

Rated instrument limit primary Arus-primer batas-instrumen pengenal

Rated Insulation level Tingkat isolasi pengenal


Rated output Keluaran pengenal

Rated power frequency short duration withstand Tegangan ketahanan singkat frekwensi-kerja
voltage pengenal

Rated primary currnet Arus primer pengenal

Rated secundary current Arus sekunder pengenal

Rated short-time over current Arus lebih singkat pengenal

Rated transformation ratio Rasio transformasi pengenal

Rated value Nilai pengenal

Rating Pengenal

Rating and performance requirements Persyaratan nilai pengenal dan unjuk kerja

Rating plate Pelat pengenal

Ratio of indicated power Rasio daya ditunjuk

Reactanse Reaktansi

Reactor Reaktor

Recording maximum pressure gauge Pengukur tekanan maksimum berperekam

Recovery time Waktu pemulihan

Recovery voltage Tegangan pulih


Reduced insulation Isolasi kurang

Reed relay Relai buluh

Reference Acuan, rujukan, referens

Relative humidity Kelembabam relatif

Reliability Keandalan

Remote back-up Cadangan jauh

Renewable resources Sumber daya terbaharui

Requirement Persyaratan, syarat

Reservoir Waduk

Residual current Arus sisa

Resonant-earthed system Sistem ditanahkan-beresonansi

Respirator Perlindungan pernapasan

Root mean square (rms) Akar dua

Rope and block Katrol bertali

Routine test Uji rutin

Safety belt Sabuk penyelamat


Safety fence Pagar penyelamat

Safety helmet Topi penyelamat / helm

Safety net Jala penyelamat

Safety shoes / boot Sepatu / lars penyelamat

Safety sign Tanda keselamatan

Scheduled partial outage hours (SPOH) Jam keluar parsial terencana

Season Musin

Secondary circuit Sirkit sekunder

Secondary limiting emf emf pembatas sekunder

Secondary winding Belitan sekunder

Selectivity Selektifitas

Self clearing Gangguan hilang dengan sendirinya

Self -restoring insulation Isolasi pulih-sendiri

Sensitivity Kepekaan

Sequence of events recorder Rekaman urutan kejadiannya

Serious inspection Penilikan gawat


Service condition Kondisi kerja

Service factor (SF) Faktor pelayanan

Service hours (SH) Jam pelayanan

Setting Penyetelan

Setting parameters Parameter penyetelan

Shield Pelindung

Shop drawing Gambar perakitan

Short time duty type Jenis tugas singkat

Short time rating Nilai pengenal waktu singkat

Short time withstand current Ketahanan arus hubung singkat

Signaling devices Alat isyarat

Simple inspection Pemeriksaan kecil

Simulation Meniru

Single-ratio Rasio-tunggal

Sky ladder Tangga langit

Slow reserve Cadangan lambat


Smoke index Indeks asap

Smoke opacity Ketebalan asap

Soot content Kandungan jelaga

Spark gap Celah percikan

Spark ignition engines Mesin penyalaan busi

Specific emission Emisi spesifik

Specific fuel consumption Pemakaian bahan bakar spesifik

Speed drop Penyesuaian putaran

Speed governing equipment Perlengkapan pengaturan beban

Speed setting Penyetelan putaran

Spillway Bangunan pelimpah

Spinning reserve Cadangan putar

Spring-loaded barometer Barometer berbeban pegas

Standard accuracy class Kelas ketelitian standar

Standard reference condition Kondisi rujukan standar

Standard stretcher Tandu berpenumpu


Start Asut ; hasut ; start

Starting Pengasutan

Steady state Ajek ; mantap

Steady state speed Putaran ajek

Steady state speed band Daerah putaran ajek

Steppe Padang rumput

Sticker or indicating device Alat penunjuk

Stray Sasar

Sub-clause Sub-ayat

Supervisor Pengawas

Supply Suplai (sistem), pasok (barang)

Surge tank Tangki pelepas tekan

Survive Selamat

Switching impulse Impuls hubung, impuls switsing

Switching surge Surja hubung

Switching voltage Tegangan hubung ; tegangan switsing


Switchyard Serandang hubung

Swtching impulse-test Pengujian-impulse hubung

System earthing Pentanahan sistem

System recovery Pemulihan sistem

System splitting Pemisahan sistem

Tailrace Saluran-buang

Taking over certificate Berita acara serah terima

Tangible benefit Keuntungan nyata

Temperature Suhu ; temperatur

Temporary voltage variation Variasi tegangan temporer

Tent Tenda

Test Pengujian, uji

Thermal equilibrium Keseimbangan termis

Thermal rating Nilai pengenal termis

Time delay Waktu tunda

Time grading Peningkatan waktu


Time-delay Tunda waktu / waktu tunda

Total barometric pressure Tekanan barometris total

Total fault clearing time Waktu total pembebasan gangguan

Transient behaviour Perilaku transisen

Transient immunity Kekebalan terhadap transien

Transient recover voltage Tegangan pulih transien

Transient response Tanggap transien

Transient speed difference Perbedaan putaran peralihan

Tripcoil Kumparan-jatuh

Turbine blade Daun turbin

Turbocharged Berpengisi turbo

Turbocharged 4-stroke engines Mesin 4-langkah berturbo

Turn ratio Rasio lilitan

Turnkey Terima-jadi ; turnki

Type test Uji jenis

Unballance Ke-takseimbangan
Under excitation ; loss of field Hilang-eksitasi

Undiluted gas Gas asap

Unity power-factor Faktor-kerja satu

Upward range Julat keatas

Utility platform Panggung kerja

Value Nilai

Vector diagram Diagram vektor

Verification Verifikasi / pemeriksaan

Voltage controlled over-current relay Tegangan-kurang dengan rele arus lebih

Voltage detector Detektor tegangan

Voltage drop Jatuh Tegangan, rugi tegangan

Voltage error Kesalahan tegangan

Voltage transfomer Transformator tegangan

Volumetric concentration Konsentrasi volumetris

Warning lights Lampu peringatan / tengara

Water type fire extinguisher Pemadam api jenis air


Waterway / headrace Saluran (pendek)

Wide range linearity Daerah linier yang luas

Winding Belitan