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110 Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers

Table 1
Pump Materials of Construction
Table materials are for general use, specific service experience is preferred when available

Casing & Impeller & Shaft Type of


Liquid Wear Rings Wear Rings Shaft Sleeves Seal Seal Cage Gland Remarks

Ammonia, Cast Iron Cast Iron Carbon Steel Carbon Steel Mechanical . . . . . .. . . Mall. Iron NOTE:
Anhydrous & Materials of
Aqua Construction
shown will be
revised for
some jobs.
Benzene Cast Iron Cast Iron Carbon Steel Nickel Moly. Ring Cast Iron Mall. Iron
Steel Packing
Brine (Sodium Ni-Resist' Ni-Resist' K Monel K Monel Ring Ni-Resist*' Ni-Resist** *Cast Iron
Chloride) Packing acceptable.
** Malleable
Iron
acceptable.
Butadiene Casing: C. Impeller: Carbon Steel 13% Mechanical . .. ... . .. Carbon Steel
Steel-Rings: C.1.-Rings: Chrome
C.I. C. Steel Steel
Carbon Cast Iron Cast Iron Carbon Steel Carbon Steel Mechanical .. . .. . .. . Mall. Iron
Tetrachloride
Caustic, 50% Misco C Misco C 18-8 Misco C Ring Misco C Carbon Steel Misco C
(Max. Temp. Stainless Packing manufactured
200" F.) Steel by Michigan
Steel Casting
Company.
29 Cr-9 Ni
Stainless
Steel, or
equal.
Caustic, 50% Nickel Nickel Nickel or Nickel Ring Nickel Nickel
(Over 200" F) 18-8 Stain- Packing
& 73% less Steel
Caustic, 10% Cast Iron 23% Cr. 23% Cr. 23% Cr. Ring Cast Iron . . .. . . . . . Specifications
(with some 52% Ni 52% Ni 52% Ni Packing for 50%
sodium Stainless Stainless Stainless Caustic
chloride) Steel Steel Steel (Maximum
Temperature
200" F) also
used.
Ethylene Cast Steel Carbon Steel Carbon Steel Carbon Steel Mechanical Cast Iron Mall. Iron
Ethylene Cast Iron Cast Iron Steel K Monel Mechanical . . ... . . .. K Monel
Dichloride
Ethylene Glycol Bronze Bronze 18-8 18-8 Ring .. ... .. . . Bronze
Stainless Stainless Packing
Steel Steel
Hydrochloric Impregnated Impregnated 18-8 Impregnated Mechanical ......... Impregnated
Acid, 32% Carbon Carbon Stainless Carbon Carbon
Steel
Hydrochloric Rubber Hard Carbon Steel Rubber or Ring Rubber Rubber
Acid, 32% Lined Rubber Plastic Packing
(Alternate) C. Iron
Methyl Chloride Cast Iron Cast Iron 18-8 18-8 Mechanical . . .. . . . . . Mall. Iron
Stainless Stainless
Steel Steel
Propylene Casing: Imp.: Carbon Steel Carbon Steel Mechanical Cast Iron Mall. Iron
C. Steel- C.1.-Rings:
Rinas:
" -C.I. c. Stl
~~

(table continued iiat page)


Pumps 111

Table 1 (continued)
Pump Materials of Construction
Table materials are for general use, specific service experience is preferred when available

Casing & Impeller & Shaft Type of


Liquid Wear Rings Wear Rings Shaft Sleeves Seal Seal Cage Gland Remarks

Sulfuric Acid, Hard Special Carbon Steel Hastelloy C Ring Special Special
Below 55% Rubber Rubber Packing Rubber Rubber
Lined C.I.
Sulfuric Acid, Cast Si-Iron Si-Iron Type 316 Si-Iron Ring Teflon Si-iron
55 to 95% Stn. Stl. Packing
Sulfuric Acid, Cast Iron Cast Iron Carbon Steel 13% Cr Mechanical ... . .. . . . Mali. Iron
Above 95%
Styrene Cast Iron Cast Iron Carbon Steel 13% Ring Cast Iron Mall. Iron
Chrome Packing
Steel
Water, River Cast Iron Bronze 18-8 Bronze Mechanical Cast Iron Mall. Iron
Stainless
Steel
Water, Sea Casing, Impeller: K Monel K Monel or Ring Monel or Monel or
1-2% Ni, Monei (Aged) Alloy 20 SS Packing Alloy 20 SS Alloy 20 SS
Cr 3-0.5% Rings:
Cast Iron S-Monel
Rings: Ni-
Resist. 2B

Source

1 . Ludwig, E. E., Applied Process Design for- Chemical


and Petroclzenzicnl Plarzts. Vol. 1, Gulf Publishing Co.,
1977.