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The Story of My Old Community



Chronicde Job Print,
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2016

My Literary Sponsor.
Preface v
Introductory vii
The Red Man’s Rule i

Early White Settlements 5

Thomas Walker 5
A Hundred Years Ago 15
Robert Allen 19
Plankgate Piety 21
A Curious Cure for Calvinism 23
Edmund Murphey : 26
Elisha Anderson 35
Absalom Rhodes. . . . ;
Lewis B. Rhodes 45
Aaron Rhodes 47
Henry Clay and Daniel Webster in Augusta ‘

The Old Rhodes Mill 60
Freeman Walker., 64
Charles and Edward Burch .78
Thomas Hill 79
Early Religious Development.
Liberty Church 81
Hopeful Church 83
New Hope Church 88
The Old Richmond Camp Ground 91
Richmond Bath and the Old Bath Church 97
Love and War or a Bath Romance 100
Jacob Walker or a Slave’s Loyalty 103
A Slave Wedding at Bath id6
Rev, Frank R. Goulding 112
Ante Bellum 114
Dum Vivinuts Vivamus 115
Early Colored Churches 119
Early Schools 125
Mount Enon Academy 126
The Old Field School 127
Old Time Academy Life 131
Brothersville, A
Lost Arcadia 141
The .A.nderson Brothers -.
William E. Barnes 148
John W. Carswell 149
Dr. Samuel B. Clark 153
The Old Homestead I54
An Evening Scene 156
A Psychic Mystery 157
William Evans 160
Moses P. Green 161
Edmund B. Gresham 161
Henry D. Greenwood : 164
Seaborn Augustus Jones 166
Rev. J. H. T. Kilpatrick 171
Robert Malone I74
Jdhn D. Mongin , I77
Alexander Murphey *
J. Madison Reynolds 181
Absalom W. Rhodes 184
A Brothersville Home Coming 185
Hephzibah 188
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]n the old days at Emory (College, students who failed to attend the

sun rise prayer service in the antiquated chapel, were required at evening
prayer to render excuses for their absence. A professional delinquent
along this line fell into the habit of singing out “corporeally indisposed”-

when the charges against him were preferred. Through frequent reitera-

tion the plea grew a little monotonous to the grim old President, Rev.
James R. Thomas, and one day he answered: “Yes sir, I’m afraid you
are morally indisposed and if you don’t convalesce very rapidly I shall

send you home for your health.” And so if the reader feels indisposed
“corporeally” or otherwise to tackling this preface no statutory provision,
legal or moral compels him to do so. These literary accessories before

the fact are not as a rule of specially absorbing interest and usually ex-
hibit abnormal talent for being skipped by the average reader. And yet

in deference to long established custom these initiatory words are penned.

And now in patient discharge of this implied duty I do not mind saying
to the reader, a la Artemas Ward, that “this is a book.” or at least that

this in Celtic vernacular is the “intintion.” There are many books of

many kinds and this volume properly classified would probably belong to
the “sui generis,” “sic trasit gloria mundi” variety. If the reader has
grown a little rusty on classic Latin I do not mind saying to him further
that the latter phrase has been sometimes translated, “My glorious old
aunt has been sick ever since Monday,” but I do not think that this revised

version has been generally accepted as strictly orthodox. This book can
not be said tq. have been written without rhyme or reason for its pages
hold more rhyme than poetry and three reasons at least, have conspired
to give it literary existence.

First, I have written it to please my friends, who bear personal

kinship to its records.

Second, I have hoped to please myself by making some little con-

tribution to a bank account, whose surplus has never been a burden.

Third, a hundred years and more from now it may be that some
far descendant of the author, while fingering the musty shelves of some
old library, may find some modest satisfaction in the thought that his
ancient sire had “writ” a book.
3 D A H 3 ^ *i
•'f(< t>»lM ei MU* odw .tmibOTj .s 83(I«0 tiOft>3 js «tal>
I wtiiw* it bninpon^a,,^ J^^istb brtsopiin* sdj
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tnou^Utb Is«o»,^oj<i A .yon^^dt ,,!«,« oi

“bwcKHibni <!!*.»«,,«)'• luo at,9tU io
,rf, olni U,J ,aU g^,
v-,Jl 4nt.6iM,q Wo miTg 0^ ^ iruonwoooaj Wu« « wsij^eslq sdl nou
wo( bU-tie' tu’i ,Ti, ,oY-‘ tbtvr»mt 9d rtb $m> tms jumoilT 8 amtl
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>«<<* .>«»»« >d» lo >04*&*d;-;^::

.dood t -Jhw- btd 911.


Whatever its shortcomings may be, it bears at least the merit of

being the first distinctive effort to gather and preserve the historical,

genealogical and traditional records of a rural community in Georgia,

and possibly in all the South. Treating largely of the early pioneers it is

in a literary way a pioneer itself. may

It/ not meet a long felt want and
yet through all these later years many inquiries have come to me for such information as this books has tried to furnish.

In the morning of our lives our hopes and aspirations like ^our
shadows lie before us, but when the noontide has been passed and our
steps are tending towards the sunset our thoughts and feelings, like our
shadows still stretch backwards towards the morning. Our interest in

the old. old days increases with our added years and the glamour of the
long ago grows stronger as we near the twilight.

And yet, dear reader, whether the skies that rest above you are
radiant with the breath of morning or paling in the shadows of your
eventide, if you will give these old time memories as kindly a reception
as met my first attempt at authorship T shall be more than satisfied.

' '


to liidm adi }^M9t m ji ,>d 9j:m rtairaoMiodt xr/>UifV/

J* *aoJ«»f rn^istyq bn« wrfiss oi no«^
*vijDcij»ib uid 3tU ?jn? 5 ^
.iitlwdO lit c^*«w*m!iwv Uun n to abio:>»7 ^mwijibinj biu U»i»ol»asj|
« «Wirrtoiq <h*» »f<3 tc snd. jit dhtot rill f»r vWi*ecvci Kn«
has ifnnf i|*ij .
ssum io#j <«iji,i( 7i>«r..lq « rs%, ^
Tol i>ffi ^ !wiTA> tfisftf f9^\ lU rf»Mowlj >rc
4ii bwij ^ftti i^akn^id lui; m>fU/rr>o)ai ifw* >u(
l>0i; ^/tI nio ytiifi^ ndt nI
iiio Imc mi »d 3 >^nd ^Imjiwoo aid rmHw »4 tno^Ml
J .tl; >il «wobiiU
TOO ^il boft iJd^odi imo )4.tniic s^xbrpi n«
m tiK) -|[itiirw»j»f' ->Hf
i/Ii U.

Tifj b#in -410 dt/w tjwwisiwii *y£b bJo
9W Alt'^ldltOO‘^4 ^'trotjg^ O^i: il^Kd
W 9th

y*A MOV -,vo<U $irj^ ri4i4i -wilvidw

aafi'j* ,i-»b*oi 105b .lo^c bo/,
iixn H> ^wrAystit 9tii m ^nitsq v=j urtimoa* io riJ»»-d 91 U tiirw }cijith «7
nois<p 59 i u ytbffiA »»£ tah^ua toim bio rt9tb r/Jjj lli'w H ,9bhtm9
ni5d» t»iom,vd fl«<* J t^ifkTothun n fttfa^ntjrffi \m y^m
Filed away on a page of the writer’s scrap book there is a

letter that I have treasured and preserved not only for the

gifted hand that penned it but for the tone of tender kindliness
that breathes and glows in its every written word —a letter

that in large degree must stand as sponsor for the story that

will follow. Some years ago I published another story, the

record of my company and regiment during four years of
Confederate service. A copy was sent to gentle and genial
Bill Arp, humorist and sage, always witty and never perhaps
unwise, and his reply acknowledging the gift contained these
words: “What a pity that every regiment, and indeed every
company, did not have a historian.” This expressed regret
has brought to me the kindred thought that possibly it may
be equally a pity that every community does not have its

chronicler to gather up the tangled and raveled skeins in its

own history and preserve them in coherent form not only for
the living, but for their children and their children’s children,
in all the years to come. To fill this need if need it be for
the community in which the writer was born and reared will

be the purpose of this perhaps imperfect story.

Its data has been garnered from many sources— from con-
lerence with many whose memory goes farthest back into the
past, from musty and antiquated records, from fading entries
in old time family bibles that ha\ e been heirlooms for a hun-
dred years and more, and from the moss stained slabs that
mark the mounds where rest our earliest pioneers.
For the vein of unpretending humor that clothes in part

its storied detail T have only this apology to make. When

Henry Clay had closed (Uie of his magnificent orations in the
6 ri Aoq^ w !>d'l )u i» nq '^jv/i; l»li^i

nr^? ic'l x^fUy Jon hna hyjiieiJ 9ii r/fii( 1 Jisrfj

r«^ftilhnf>4 1o anoj ^rii i»>l Jwd ji biKinsq brtfiri

&— blow n!>JJhw 'mv3 <tii ni ftvMji bus 'i34ts^id urif

.’«t{j irioja -rdi io«^noqft £B hn«i! )eom 3^sl ni l£fh
yds ,x’mUi h^fi^Hdtiq I o^ gtH3*( 3tno^ .v^dtcd ffrw
}f> <i£t»v tjjol •gfihcb bn£ vnjiqrno? vm
Inim^ Lnr* 03 jti3'< ^v/ ^qo!> A ^jrnob^inoD
%q£fhiiq Unn vJtiw ?v£#/f£ bns >«honiiid ,qiA Ififl

y*.ydi fi^nr »:?noD ii'pg art) 3«i^b»lm>n3<5* *irf bnis .^niwnu

nv>3 b^^lyif! bft£ Anomi‘^‘1 *po/3 Tsris vjiq b JsriW*' :«biow *{.

b3Bii3iqx3 dfiiT *\osnoji>iH k 97£ff loft bib .^itfiqmo^

v£m ti vWifa^Kj tnHi Jd^noHj l>77bdi^ drfi oJ Jrl^iroid 8<j1
^li -ived ion ^7c»b ‘{linfimmo:/ ndl 7jrq s vltsopsi arf

r« nnhii?. b^h/B'i biifi *jrij qw r>l

v»f Y_ino ft>n an<d ni ma^lt hnc^Uff^Jd nwo

.nvjbliff'j i’n^ibfijb Tbdi bau n^iblirb ibdi io] jnd .axi/vil »dJ
ini ^d If fi!i9R }; b^5n oT .ymoo oS ^riJ lU ni
Htv# bfTK OTod* >yBw i^ihv/ 5di dt>idv/ ni vuaummoo 5di‘
. nojf'- mi j->qfrn ^qi*d-KK| *idJ io j^toqinq imIJ yd
‘U*o ffi*»i — *(ri£fn incrri nsod «fid nisb eJl
'^lit f>Hti i4ii;d ii*7fln-£f \v>miy4Jt yfiod'-ff ‘{iicm dlivir *a5n7T7}
:p<ili£i riioii Mjyoyjt bn£ nkum rm?ii js£q
-m;d B loi n^d Ijiiii ^sldid vfnncV Tfnh Wo Ht
JiUli ^Inh honifiift d£oin ydi mini bttst .oiofn l>n£
•irt-j7fioiq y^ylhny two ‘ji^riv/ Mbiiaom ydr jftwti
cfi kiidhth Vidr lorrriiil ifoibn jf>'K|n« lo ni 7 V
MndV/ .jilsin *,j y^^oky^g nidi vfno y/Bd I ligJab
7di HI 'iiofJniii Jii-i'>di«i;gffi ^irl b» *>110 h^p-rdo /»fid vgID
‘ "

city of New Orleans, Sargent Prentiss, who sat upon the stage
was called for by the shouting audience. Rising he said, and
only said : “When the eagle is abroad owls and bats must

hide their diminished heads.” Washington Irving and William

Nye have with their own inimitable genius given to dry
historic fact a touch of genuine humor, but the mountain
eyries where these proud eagles fledged their literary young
have long been tenantless and in their absence I can but trust
that in the lowlier efforts of an humbler pen the kindly reader
beneath whose eyes this story falls may find at least no
serious ground for cavil or regret.
srfj ooqn see cwiw ,t«£^hO yvaH k> x^b
htsj .bu4 9fi 5nf«J5C ,9i>rh'rf^js MfJ y^d lO? bMIjia exw
Hun ass<a bns aiiwo b£p^d£ ai n 9 dV/'" ibi^a xl^o M
msUlr// b«fi ^ivil nor^ftiHasW " ?hs9ti hiiaujimfb
ihdi 9biti
X^b oJ iiiVf^ »fii'tff!>^ Mds^lfn'tfit nwo ib/ii ri^iw ttwcjf s^Vi
niftimfona yrll lad tioirtirrf >a*un*^ io douoi a iiTO^Id
S«wox bv^hijft fauotq ftaril tns»rfw a»hx<»
Hati lad n&i> I thtU m bne ;^oi »vari
X^bniil 0^ iMdruyd it« ]o eiioBd isilwol odj nl Isrfj ^

on bfid ^Bm aUal airfi e-»x^ 58odw xlt«909d

;J:»T35^i 10 livaD lol bn0<>i^ arK>h^


_ _
No proper historic setting* can be given to our rustic
village without some reference to its antecedents, »to the early
story of the community in which it stands and to the social,
moral and educational forces that brought it into municipal
being and without which it would have had no individual
entity and no history corporate or otherwise. Looking back-
ward then to a period some centuries ago, when the writer and
the town were both absolutely unknown quantities, a period
when this section was covered by primeval forests untouched
by the woodman’s axe, a period w^hen the policy of “benevolent
assimilation” had not begun its fateful work and the Red man’s
foot had not been taught to press the rugged path that leads
to race extinction, roaming over these hills and valleys there
lived and loved another race of beings. When Oglethorpe,
in the F^all of 1735, established for the benefit of his struggling

colony a trading post on the banks of the upper Savannah and

gave it the name of his friend and patron the Princess Augusta,
he found the territory extending Westward from the river
occupied both above and below the post by a tribe of Uchee.
Indians. Their original habitat had probably been located near
the Coosa river, in upper Georgia and North Alabama, On
their migration to this section they became a component part
of the great IMuskhogee or Creek confederation, whose domin-
ion extended from lower Florida to the Cherokee lands in
North Georgia. The Uchees were not a large tribe, their ter-
ritorial limits covering probably only the present area of a
few counties adjacent to Augusta, among them Richmond,
P.urke, Jeflterson and a portion of Columbia, the occupation
and control of the last named county being shared by the
Kiokees, another subordinate tribe owing allegiance to the
Creeks. The names of both these minor tribes are perpetuated
by gurgling streams that traverse their former hunting grounds
in that county. Although seventy-one years have passed since
the Creeks were removed from Georgia by the Federal gov-

3JU;!’ M ans 3HT
yiUfn lao oi od nifj ^ijUS^b ^hoiBid oM
Oh oi ^moa iciiiditv/
MnoB ydi oj bat il rbtriw ai v;*mimmo«3 aril lo ^Tott
Uzqbixrsfm oani si lriy#;o-:d t^sii synjo] Jjinoiifioiib^ bite Jjrtom
U'irbrvibjii on burf bijuow }l d^irfv/' iuodslw bng
-j^>#;ff gnijiooJ .«/vn'>r!jo to at^roffioo vTOiairi on bim xshft 9
bns i^fhvr 9tfi rtoiiv/ o^k ^inoB boh:>q s oJ n-irfj hi£w
Ufh^q B ,a^biiiuusp rfwmsinu '^bniloa.dfi rljod nwnj Mjft
b94^i;ojqM «Ja9ioi hoi^voo B£w nohooB efdJ irxiw
JMlov^n^cf lo x'^fiuq 9fh n^dw fcoH^q t B^ntmtjoo »Hl-vd
e'nficn b»H *iU bfi45 ihow oli jon buf noiittltmU^fi

3b60i rijfig i>3SS«T oi Jrfx|ufij Km IubH lool

:»T3dJ »y*5Uijv hjTR elitff t^vo ^nlm/soT ,noh3nlf3t*) soin 6*
.aqTorfJit^O nariW !o i^dsons b^yo( bna bo;jf
ftirf io io^,cE'^i lo lUi twli ni
bfis rUrmxvs^ tfjqqit io a?2nrrd vi{}
no laoq ^rtibs^l s rmdno
.aScfrsnA adi/nwuiq btiii bn^nl eid ha ^mtn ^rh it 9 vg^
9fii rooti h^cwl^^^V/ ^ibni^jTo
9 rU bnual r»H
^^d:)U lo 3dii5 u ’i(cf i«oq '>rfj wol^d bns ^voefs
filed b^iquoso
n^>d bBri JjBricTsrf rcnt^rio ibrfT .gnsibnl
nO .tmiidBlA rfnoM bn^ Ei^TooO i^qqrj ni ,TSvn suaooO 9rii
fy^; ln-^ttoqmoo a 9mfi J9d
x;^i noho^g gtdi oi,nohs^}tim zhdi
-m-TK)b vaadw ,fiodr,iib^inoD lo ten^ 9 dt lo
m fsbfl^ ^^;<oTodD oi fibnoJ^ tswoJ mon^ b^bft^Txst n»»j
~toJ ,t>dhj 9gysl x’^jon $t:jw »rfT .r,igio«D #fno’/
c )o inaaoTq '^t A^ino YjdBdoiq ^nh^voD ellmll iBnoJh
,brro(nn>jJi msift rSi^t/^oA o| inoi>£j[L8 ^siinnoD y/'t)
no#JAq£)^x> >rf} .ajdmefoD noiJioq £ bns .iwiTfjfl
xd b5t£fl« ^rtbrf b^m&n ^dj )o foiimo bnc
iftii oJ wnsi^^Us jinlwo ossnibioduB i^rlK>ns^,S9!>abd^
bWSt/JtMpoq 3Tfi 39<fiTJ TOftim 9H9dl diod 1o SdfTlSn »ffT .STl>5aD
^bnnoi’j ;jjnilnad idrnio) i?»di &a*i^vsTj imii
smsoTis Jiwdyicrjf \d
»onf» bsaasq y/sd siciiv ^no yinc>v9s d’aoodJiA .vlirocn isdi ildri* '

eminent and a longer period has elapsed since their moccasined
feet pressed the soil of this immediate section abundant
evidences still exist of Indian occupancy. The Murray Road
in this county was once an Indian trail and was probably
used by George Galphin in his trips- from his home at Silver
Bluff on the Savannah to his trading post at Ogeechee Town
or Galphinton, now Old Town, in Jefferson county. The
following reminiscence of this celebrated Indian trader may
be new to some of my readers. There are probably several
versions of iU but I give Rev. George Smith’s, first because 'he
is a preacher and ought to tell the truth, and secondly because

it is the only one I have.

On one of Galphin’s visits to Ogeechee town an Indian

chief was attracted by the bright red coat he wore. Gazing
with admiring and covetous eyes on the crimson vestment he
said to the trader:
*'Me had a dream.”
‘'Oh,’.’ said Galphin. “what did you dream?”
"Me dream you give me dat coat.”
"You shall have it,” said the wily trader.
Months passed and they met again. After the usual salu-
tajtions Galphin said
"Chief, I had a dream.”
"Ugh,” said the chief, “what you dream?”
"I dreamed that you gave me all the land in this fork of

the creek.”
"Ugh,” said the chief, with a shrug, “you have it, but we
dream no more.”
Evidences of the Red Man’s rule are not confined, how-
ever, to traditional Indian trails. During my schoolboy days
at the old Brothcrsville Academy, it was the habit of the
students to utilize many of the midday intermissions in period-
ical visits to the bathing house Ibuilt by Mr. Alexander
Murphy, one of the old-time Brothesville residents, for the
benefit of that community. Our pathway led across a stream
that finds source within the limits of our town, and in

a cultivated field lying along its borders we gathered a goodly

collection of Indian arrow heads. Half a mile away, on a

iTsiij ejrrf boitoq i3;tjn<>l*« bas Jn5mjn9
ittshaud£ noilo^M ijEilwmmr »lrf; llo 9 dj m!
b£o^ i«jT .(*jn4qu=>>a na<hal io leix^ U'tut wnshiv^
'^Idudinq blw bnc tfiniJ ftiBibitf rra aaiio x^uuoa aiilj ni
i^vll2 i£ -imod ?id moil mini mJ nhiqlsO 3^iot^
av/oT 9f>iiD33^ J4 Jeoq &irf 03 fUrnfi/sg 3 fij no
»rfT ,x1ntii?3 ai ^nyroTjblO v/ow »aotriffic|i80 lu
i«/brri n^lhnl h^intdrjh^ -tfh \o 9i>fii»3^inlin9i ;:^ftiwolfQ}
yW^doiq 9t<i 9>*)irr vm lo 9 mo« oi ft 3n 3d
9ri^9dUB3tid ffii/11 ^ :i;g7oaO .v^H 3 /?^ I and .Ji lo ^olai^v
*jt!iiM09d x^bao9<»€ hnc 01 jff^o bfjs j^rloGTtq £ «i
.3vw/ I 9WO vJno 3 i!J ei ii
nsibnJ o£ aw^t 33i1o$j}^U t»j «*nii$qleO io ano nO
Snixi;0 .jjiow >ri $£.>:, b^r irfgiid t»fli eaw Utrfo
9ji indffila^v orfl fi(» a3*X3 ^no.i 3 vo> hns ^^nirrtbA diiw
• idhuij >il j oi bf£i:
nrfi69Tl> fi hfid sM*'
uoi bfij Ifidw*' .iiiffqlfiD f>is« :\rfO*’
* V * 'J^oa J«b 9in jwiy; tfov m«3ib oM**
,*»3l>s7i xliw 9di bipi ‘‘.if 9VBfl iUd?
uliwi Je*i%ii i^T i-*t)A lom Virf? I>rt£ b^tttsq sidinoU
y» /<i v iriflqljeO am?fda;j

« bi ff I JsifQ"- *T;
5 iUfi 9Tb liox )ofrb 9 th bifi« i

}o ihai atiU nt htrsd 9 ih Ug 3m ^ 'srll, b^nfryib T' M

*\ 5i
^ 39‘T 9 3 tll
vw tf/<J ,ii 3Vijif oox‘* .jixnrte & rfl»w Juido 9rlj

^ *’^
9 t<yin Qtt m£97 b
-v/o/i .bHrr|tf»a> io« ^Itn ^/tjeU huSi 9jis h> >. 33H 9 hiv 3
xodlowicA^ Xm anhwQ ^4 av:)iJib»i 3 07
*d) ijduji 9iU Rsw It ,xtt^3bGr,A Mvtj 9t1 joifl hto 9dJ 3«
-boii^q iti ^aoh3fftn97ni x^bbim io
^riJ ^sUhtj oj %s^ 3 b9i^
19 hf*J>6< 9 l 4^ ,jIC X<f jltfjdi 9 &U 0 fl ^fltdJGd 9 d/ 01 ?tiiiv Ig^i
3 ii 3 loi 9 iJr/« 9 jlioin s^mo-Wo srij |o ^no ,xrf«fUfU
minifc £ eaob«
f>»f x^wrfjiiq luO .xJminmno^ Uth 3^9^!^ W ..v'S
,'i^q }p aiintiJ fsji
<U>oo^ #; at^biod Hit Tjnolfi 5 gntxf bl^jl
c on ^ ^(rfjM9fi wcms ffaihnl k>
neck uf land formed by the confluence of this stream with
another, that begins its gurgling life near my father's old
home, the subsoil plow in recent years has unearthed many
fragments of ornamented Indian pottery. The contour of
some of these specimens indicates that they formed part and
parcel of large vessels probably used for boiling the beans and
other vegetables cultivated by the Indians. How was this
done? This clay ware was unable to endure a high degree
and the squaw cook, when
of heat applied to its outer surface,
she decided to “boil the pot" for the midday meal, filled the
vessel partially with water and then dropped into it heated
rocks until it reached the boiling point. If this was an every
day occurrence the Red Man scarcely failed to consume the
proverbial “peck of dirt" before making his exit to the happy
hunting grounds beyond the sunset. Not far away from w^here
this pottery has lain for nearly two centuries, on the old
James Anderson place, and near a spring, whose limpid waters
mingle wdth the streams already named, there is a mound sup-
})osed to be of Indian origin —a mound within whose hidden
bosom there may have rested for all these years the antiquated
dust of some old Uchee chief. These corroborating facts seem
to furnish satisfactory evidence that within the limits of our
town or justbeyond its boundaries, there w'as once upon a time
a thriving Uchee village w^here

The Indian warrior wooed his dusky mate.

And like his “pale face” brother, sat up late;
Yet wooed and won without the helpful aid
Of soda-fount, ice-cream, or even lemonade.
And when the happy honeymoon was over.
He played the gentleman, and lived in clover,
While squaw, was up at dawn,
she. his faithful
To cook his meals and hoe his patch of corn.

She kept his wigwam and his food warm, too;

And when with trusty bow his aim was true.
She jerked his venison and may likewise.
Hav'e jerked the scalp-lock o’er his Uchee eyes.

Since the above doggerel was written I have learned from

a -Statement made by Col. Charles C. Jones, Jr., who was not
diiw etjli Jo >if> -^d ba/mo’, luttf »«
X««m »rfrtMno
io luotnco 9trr
bnt ncq bs/moJ (•‘it tcrij
xtn le^n




^..d, j,
bn« «n«»d srl> antlicxJ wl I.viS vhlsiJmq
rfirij Wf>H .gBESfinl tit, y_<| |,»l„vi,Ii;
3 . g»MRfW.V l,(fio
fi^id B Oj «»<iw ^ 1 £W '{J5 b iiifiT

»rfJ bsiffl .Uom orij .oJ "Joq =,,h Iicx#“ o» b,bi»fa ,Wg
Oln(^ .wq,}oih nsrtj b(,« m5sv/ rfjrw Imw/
XW* w* t«w «»dj JJa artiliotf sit) bstfsssi ji r,jnn gjboi
«]) 4?
yth xl«Mb>g msw |.SJ1 3 rfi
Xq«!«ri sif) OJ (,rl
dsoq" Uidisv.n<i siplsti "nil, Jo
sistlv; cwn
X 6 WS isi toK .Js«»«e sri, twwxsd gbowoig sniJnuil
bio ,dl 1,0 .gsmijnss ow)
(he,n loJ nigl ggrf v,„Joq «idl
R7SJSW biqmif woilv/ .annqg
* bos .sas^ „o*a,b„A gamgj
^ *’"*=’'’* ’*'*
itsbbW !?r^
sjoriw mdtiw bnuom s^uisho ,.*iboT I 9 ,d oi bswwi
.Miaipun. ,d, ^a, Ik ro) bsJgn ,vi,ri x*m ^,d, moij
(iWM ejsel aitue-wMjtmos sasrfT
.),iib ^do'j jJq »mo» Jo >««b
1MO 4rJimi! ori^ nrHliw jRdy
dewntri u)
« noq,, ss„o ggw y,sf() .»->hr.h,u,o(l *si
Jw.ox^l ,g,/{ -,o owo,
Bjyf* - »9i<9i anirhdj c
vijirft ^irf Jbsnsw ti£ibnf sdT
({0 ,WrfKnd jiUtq** Kisi ^jin
big I' lip
94s i^Astw now ImA bocow >»*/
ny/'i to .mrttTtD^>i .inucd-iiboi
& *,dj ntriw bn>.
,'Wfol? id
,f»wcb 1»
buyH Ims ,fJum 9 ijM«» 3i
?iH .j»d« tdriV/
fn05 lo rfafy^ bnn
>?iff Jd/itm JsiH Hoo-i oT
^rntfiy# bb*d iud blw; tirawgiw
UfaU tdig
, »ini ^Kw mk /fd wtwf ^i.uii *fw bnA
r««i bnfl noaimv tirt b!»(it(
.»/y trtr bsiJr/i t'/flU '.,V.

moil bsiniis.! svcd I nstihvf go., ln,-;(„[,

roo ggy, Oflw
.89„ol D gsh«Q .lo-> xrf »bsm
'•JT 7 '



•A'^ \y'
# 1 .
only a very learned scholar and historian, but an eminent
Indian authority as well, that these dusky sons of the forest
were in the habit of doing their courting by proxy. The
delicate and generally delightful preliminary negotiations that
antedate a matrimonial alliance among the Whites in all

civilized landswere delegated by the Indians to the prosy lips

of a mother or sister, whose personal interest in the arrange-
ment was untouched and untinged by any halo of sentiment or
romance. While I can but deprecate the lack of good taste
shown by these dusky lovers in foregoing voluntarily the
pleasure of “popping the question” I can make no refutation of
a fact which seems to throw a shadow of discredit upon the
absolute historical accuracy of a few lines in the foregoing
verse. But what is writ is writ, and as my learned and clever
friend. Rev. L. P. Winter, who sometimes woos the muse and
whose opinion, therefore, on the matter of wooing ought to
be “expert,” has suggested that the unintentional error be
charged up to poetic license, the reader can let it go at that.
Before closing this feature of my story T am glad to be
able to give, as a matter of interest to the reader of these
chronicles, the signification of some of the beautiful Indian
names still in use in this and adjoining States. This informa-
tion has come to me through the kindness of Rev. Milton A.
Clark, who for more than twenty years has devoted his life to
missionary service among the Red Men of the West, and who,
at my request, has furnished it for use in these memories:

Indian . English Tribal Origin

Catoosa __ High-up . Cherokee
Dahlonega Gold . - Cherokee
Savannah Open Glade Cherokee
Oostenaula . - -High Tower . Cherokee
Chattahoochee _ -Figured Rock- -- - - Creek
Ockmulgee _ _ Foaming Water . - Creek
Opelika _ _ _ . Owl Roost Creek
Ocklawaha . Bog-gy - Creek
Seminole Wanderer Creek
Tallahassee _ -Broken Down Town * - - - - Creek

}ir»aims ns sud ,aeho$eid bne isfoiht
baaisif vr>v t
Jwiol srfj lo itiog
nj(*«6 aesrit Ssrii ,thw ts xihodias asibel
*dT- .xxotq x<i 8i'»-rtfe;9 v'ydf
a«job }o Sided arfj nl naw
>£ril aaoilsuagan
T»««5<ni>ytq I •5j,^ilafa xifjn»n>3 bcis sj^ab
its rtr wltdv/ srfj ^aome
awsif* lainomhicm < aiabain*
«qa xaoiq arff of tasibul a* y3 bsjsgabb
aiaw g onjri basfBrb
-ajasTj* adi ni JsaiaJw rsn<jgT 9 a^^w
<j .aajgia >o lailjom s Jo
lo tjiamfinas te of«/| icne ht^nhnd Tine harisuoutm as* Jnam
Jo >l3sl art) 93ea,"qab jkc! „eo I atirf
art! itfhsjnulov
.asnsmoa W
ni x>feub aeartl rd nwod*
)o do.J.dulat on ad^rn nsa I n^heavp arfj aniqqoq'* lo

ariJ noqo Jtbaiaaibjo wobsHg s yKjtdl oj ginsae
rioiilyr JasJ g
Jtniqpaaol adj nl ganil s lo ifamwaas Ij»iioJ«irf aioloeds
Tjvala bns banisal xio as bns ,Jiiw
ei Jhw ei igdw Jofl .aaaav
bns saptn ad] «oi»w sambajiioe oriw .tairtiV/ .*?
ot Jrf§i,o gffioow lo aaijfiOT »;b no
vsH ,bnaitJ J ’

,aibk.iaHj .nolaiqo aeoriw

ad loiia IsnoJjiraJnlno art! igrfj baiea^^ug
>sri '*,naqxa*' ad
.tedi je cijg Ji Jaf nsa vabEaT »dj ,a«naoti auaoq oJ qi» ba^iarfa
ad oj bsig ms 1 ;y;ioM ijm lo anjisaJigijb snJgota 'aTOlafl
awdj lo labeai adJ oJ JgaTaJni lo a„«,„
g «B-,avt^ o> aids
fiSrt)nI Irbfijjsad aitJ lo amog '
To noitEaSin^gia arfj .eabinoida
-^TtToJni «iriT .aalefS finiakixbs
tme aids ni aeu nbftiJt aam*n
•A iroiliM .v^ eejahttbl ad)
dunoidi am d) amoa asjf noil
'M allJ 9id bafovob seH «asa^ xinaati
nsiffaiom lol oriw .ritslO
,o * bns ,i«a warit to nat£ ba)i orii )}RotTts
aaiviae v-tsnoiaaim
: *aiiomam Msidi rtij^ to| jj bariginiBl ssrf
.igaupiw rm is

niahO.lsdhT daiiana

aajonartD ^..abgJO dsanevs8

aaAnariD ...^^aa^oT duifJ..5, .... sl«s„»uoO
f— baioai^ aarfD.joris«srfD
tauV/ gnimsol
, ^
xaaiD — |^o_ —

j ^
.:... — Eriswsi^tjst
ftwfsO (T^jimU
Ana now m taking leave of the Brother in Red I can but
express my regret that any of my own kith and kin should
have been accessory to the spoliation of these aborigines of
their broad and beautiful domain —
a regret just as keen and
possibly a little more sincere ithan that, which shadowed Mark
Twain’s soul as he stood with misty eyes over the ancient
grave of Adam.


In the early years following the establishment of a military
and trading post at Augusta the whites began to make inroads
into the territory adjacent to that point. Rev. George G.
Smith, who is never happy save when he is fingering musty
records, says in his “Story of Georgia and Her People,” that
as early as 1753 there were white residents in Jefferson county.
In this immediate section, lying so much nearer the protecting
arm of the military post, white settlements must have been
made at an earlier date. Who was the original pioneer. After
all these years and in the absence largely of any written or

printed, record it is difficult to determine with any degree of

certainty or assurance. The men who cleared these primeval
forests were making and not writing history, keeping the wily
Indian at bay and not keeping diaries or journals for their
remote posterity.
Collating all the historic and traditional information that
I have been able to gather, it seems probable that if not the

first, certainly among the very earliest settlements made in

the communty, was that of

In the old days the landed estates of the King of England

were patrolled by royal guards men who were required to
“walk” over and inspect a certain area every day. In this way
they came to be known as “walkers,” and finally the term
denoting their occupation was adopted as a surname. Some
of the impecunious members of the tribe have probably been
“walking” ever since.

iuti nsi I bsH ni •isrffoia sHj »o »y«»I gtilisi
oi won bnf
Mitori* aU
bne lUbl nwo xo' to xae is-^i
10 esni^hod^ »wdi k> noil»i;-»«;« »rf}
qj -icteUbt mid »v«rf
brtB n>*j< M *s»( jsijtsi £— ftic(no'b IwliJuBad bn« b*oi«I lisdj
ihcif bswobwia rfski'^ sibtn •Alia s
/n»bits orij»-wvo booja
'C*®'* rf>iv/ »rf «« fno* aniewT
•nmbA lo stvstj

' eTMawaj^TTaa 3TIHW YjjiAa

Xistitira £ lo mrndaildMJgi am«oHol
ttbfiOTni S3l*ai
irij eisa^ xlw ids ai
oJ (iBasd^aajiriw m1> «JansoA }£ i«oq anibni bn«
D rgrofO .fiH .iflioq; J*rfj oj
JnssstbB xioiniaj »dJ olni
XJaom snnasnft ti id mdw ivee xqqfid isvsn ei odw .dtimZ
iedj .sSqot.'J tsH brtB BijjioaO Jo xioig“ Birf-’ni
&x»* 4bioo«
•Xiftoos noei^TJul n» elsrabiwi ajiriw
»i3w.oi»ii> a* X*"“* &£
anittsioiq arfi M7K,n daum^oe
snit« ,noi«ae auibammi eJrb nl
n»»d avert Jfcom eJnamalJJva ajjrtw .Jaoq,
xi*JiIi«n silJ )o tmx
1911 A .-jssBoiq Uoisho srtj H4w odW .sjeb Taiixss ns ic abem
w naiin w XJW Jo x'tStsi aanaads arti
ni bne *ie»x 9 *»rti tie
lo -.oiSab xn* dliv/amnnaiafe
oi Jtoofliib ei it bioDat b*)nnq
leyamoq swrii baitwio ori>/ sriT utansine** to x>ni*n»9
X(»w 9rfi SBicra^ .xioieid ^sirilhw Jon bne gnbltm
stow eieeioJ
itifil loi elfitnuoi'io e»ijeifa jniqaad
lort bne x«d l* eeibnl
. ^ ^ X^hnS^oq 9loat^i
R0/4^T;pifit I;;fw>4iib€|i bne ohoSmi 9 tit fU gniisIkO
lo/t li 5f(fcdcnc| sntb^a i\ .i^die^ oS Mde
nyad ^veii I
ftf e^aa^'^b}^ u^the9 3ifj ^nomjB

iXfnv^mo7 9tfi

bntbj,t3 k> aniK vdj io avjsjas bsbtiel adj exefa bJo »dJ nl
OJ b-j'slirp<,r »i9w oitw nom --^bteog Jexot xd b»}l<nuq,inw
X«vt eirii nl .xeb xi»v9 mto nienso s i>aqani bne i*vo I'ltl**"
nnsj »rtl x-'lwa bne ''.etojllcw’' e* nvto«)l set' oJ,
Jmea .x»4l
,9tn£mns £ d£ b^t^^ohs noilsijuDao ibHj
C?o>d xWsdutq aywi sdh^ »tU
fo airadcnfifn «u
v»3ni« 73
During the civil war in England a large contingent of the
Walkers were staunch adherents of the Stuarts, and when that
dynasty fell into temporary eclipse at the hands of Cromwell
and his Roundheads, Cavalier heads were at a premium.. Many
of the Walkers, having no inclination to lower the price by
placing their own on the market, sought on foreign soil the
safety denied them at home. Among them there was a family
whose roll contained a Peter, whose father had spent his fortune
in the royal cause and fled to Ireland, where Walkers were
practically unknown. The Encyclopedia of Heraldry, in listing
the coats of arms of this family name with its ‘‘Nil Desperan-
dum'” motto gives in a record of fifty-two. only one from the
Emerald Isle.

In 1735, two brothers, George and Thomas Walker, and

their sister, Mary, who were probably descendants of this
refugee family, emigrated to Pennsylvania, settling on the
Delaware river. Five or ten years later, Mary, having in the
meantime joined the married sisterhood by wedding a Mr.
Dallas, George and Thomas came to Georgia, the former locat-
ing on Brier Creek in Burke county, probably near the bridge
over that stream that bears his name. Thomas settled either
in this section of Richmond, and near the spot where he now
lies buried, or lived for a time in Burke and then came to Rich-

mond. In 1750, on account of Indian troubles, he left Georgia

and lived for eighteen years in Beaufort District, South Caro-
lina. Returning to this State in 1768, he lived in this com-
munity until his death in 1809, at the age of 90 years. His
wife, Mary, died in 1825, aged 83. Who was she before her
marriage? On this point my ignoranceabout as dense as

that of a member who, on rising

of an old time debating society
to discuss the justifiability of the execution of Mary. Queen
of Scots, asked the presiding officer if a question for informa-
tion was in order. “Certainly,” said the official. “Well, sir, be-
fore discussing this question I’d like to know who this Mary
Scott was anyhow?”
So the writer would like to know who Mary W'alker, his
great-grandmother, was, but there seems to be no present ac-
cessible source of information. A penciled memorandum made

9ifJ io s m fivib srfl ^ithuG
JBfh npHw has sd io ti^ntJsSg yidvr eiMlliW
IbwfnotD lo «bnjirf ^ifi h ty?xjf!79 x^sjoqftT^ aim
,*(niil/ jb !iV>v/ eh*>«< i>il*viPD ,r:bfi^brt foH aici hitis -•

•{d aaitq on ^nlv£fi ,eit>dUV/ ddj !o

art I l}oe tio trt^toa ^ladaijcrt »rt1 wo rrwo abrtl {|dbiilq

fi k£'M tniifil inartJ ^nomA .amort lx marlJ bainab
iiW tfiyqa |i«rt icprltii) atrorhw .aaj'v'l banblnoa Uot 92od’w
aiaw eiojUfiV/ *jTartv/ .LnslDfi oi hoB bn« lsx<w 9fU ni
tti ,xrt>lj8t^f4 b> Bib*iqolax^<^3 ariT .nwond/jo x^baba^iq
lrK.‘ ritiw
arit moil aI^^ bioaa i a nr oilom *'mnh
aUI b{£iam3
bna // SAmortT Imi; a^ioaO .aiortioid owl
«(iij lo s^fiAbrro^ab /Wecknq ©law ofKv^^visl^ ,^yi^ia il©rtl
arti no ..wniivlxftmta*! ot baijmjfmo. aa^ubi
arit ni 5^friva^ »ifidv «a) lo .lavh aiBwalaQ
'.iIK ft ^rtrbb^v^ X<^ IxKvifiai^ig bahisifi aiii baniox/amilfiwm
“iAaol idfrnol tuis on i^ntBo ^ftmortT hitA a^toaO *«£Ha<3
ajiahd 3tis Jo*(i vfdAcfoKf ^x^rtMoo artiwH ni danD no ^oi
laiffla a/;mortT .•Amen «ift JsrfJ rnAaiie J«£iJ tavo
vron ©rt ^vifht ?oq« ©rfi -rBafi bn* ^bnomdoiJMo noU:>a« ;drii ni
•riaiJil ai siMBi ntftij at ^tftis jt io} bavii io (bahucf ?5tl
iUI sH^Muorf n^ibnl lo inf#oaD« no .bnocn ^

•uia 3 ifi«o8 >la4iJii»G noiuAaH ffiftix lol bavil biiA

-fifoa »trti ffi bavH art .^d^i «/Kl ot animui©)! .«all
>iH .«iJiax 0^1 k> 3ffi j» ni rtic^ girf (imu xiinnm
latlraioJ^ 9rt« orfV/| .|;,8 ha^B ,?sai ni barb .xtsM ,aiiw
dfi ©;?rt*j^fo ii£ inortA (it sonsion^t x*^ Imoq eirii nO ^a^AmAifi
Xfmh tio .ortw a lo lartiamb hlo*njj h) i©dmDm
rrayiiQ .vifiI4 la noljjoa>ca art) lo x^ilid£rtiieij( artJ «>i/a«ib ol
-ivisiolni lo? ntih^awp s li laaft^o ^gnibr^aiq aril haj
- id ,v>rJh'/^ '
.(Afarbo sdi bifta
‘Oftf/i &irti oriy/ v/Ofi>f oj artil b l notlsanp eidj ^n)
Atrl .lartteW xXf wond oi adll bl/iow lalh’*
-ai irraeaiq on ©d oi.erniMie aiadi Jird ^.aw .laritorr
•ji>ftm mnhfrAtcmam balianaq A .norlAmiolni lo or

liWVj 4
by my uncle, tiie late Col. A. C. Walker, states that Thomas
Walker, his grandfather, had seven sons and five daughters.
A similar memorandum, made by Mr. Peter G. Walker, of
Morgan county, says that George, his ancestor, had seven sons
and five daughters, and it is a rather singular fact in connection
with the above that the Bible should stand sponsor for ex-
actly nine of the names in each of these groups of children.
A stranger chancing in at a Christmas reunion of the two fam-
ilies, when all were present, would have had his acquaintance

with old time Bible worthies refreshed by a presentation on

the Thomas side of the table to Abraham and Isaac, Rachel
and Rebecca, Reuben and Benjamin, Elijah and Amos, wind-
ing up with the loved and loving John. Across the table
George would have taken him back through antediluvian days
to Enoch, and then on down, with Rebecca and Moses, David
and Esther, closing up among New Testament records wdth
Mary and Elizabeth, Thomas and John. Each group had a
William and each a Margaret, while George had a namesake
among his children.
In this schedule of Thomas Walker’s sons I have added
an Amos to Col. A. C. Walker’s list for two reasons. First,*
Mr. Peter Walker, who suffered from an attack of pedigree
fever some years him with a son of that name, and
ago, credits
for the additional and convincing reason that the grave of
Amos lies beside the mounds that cover his father and six of
his brothers and sisters, and in matters genealogical grave-
yards make mighty good witnesses.
Of the personality of Thomas Walker I know but little.
The memorandum left by Col. Walker, already referred to.
states that he and his sons were a fine looking race of men. As
I am one of his descendants and as I have at divers and sundry

times been the victim of mistaken identity in being taken or

mistaken for four of the homeliest men in Richmond county,
there would seem to be strong circumstantial evidence that my
share of the family inheritance on that particular line was still
an undistributed patrimony.
One traditional incident has come down to n'le that shows
at least that Thomas Walker’s manly heart w^as not lacking

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Hrtiil38l jk«T_a*w hurt y;!n«m aSsiHaV/ 8imortT^)i^‘i

in the milk of human kindness. He owned a large body of
land and many cattle and hogs, the early settlers relying more
upon itheir flocksand herds than cultivation of the uncleared
forest. Riding over his estate one day, he chanc'ed upon a
poorer neighbor, who had slaughtered one of his beeves and
was flaying it for use at his own table. After reprimanding
him for the theft he asked: “Have you any salt .to cure it?”
‘‘No, sir.” said the man. “Then send to my house and I will
give you what you need,” and putting spurs to his horse he
went his way, little thinking that a hundred and fifty years
later his great-grandson would be placing before the public
eye this little story to his credit.
It is not the purpose of these records to enter into the
construction of family trees, lest such a course might trench
upon the domain already pre-empted by a clever friend and
relative of the female persuasion, who thinks pedigree, talks
pedigree, writes pedigree, and who possibly wanders in happy
dreamland through mammoth groves of every blooming family
trees. So many inquiries have come to me, however, in these
later years on genealogical lines that some information as to
the descendants of the early settlers will not, I trust, be lacking
in interest to the reader. Taking Thomas Walker’s children
in the order already given, Abram married a Miss Whitehead,
lived at Athens, Ga., and died childless.
Isaac Walker married Bethia Whitehead and eleven chil-
dren were born to them, James B., Thomas, Amos, William,
Isaac, Jr., John, Hester, Mary (Garlick), Rebecca (Harlow),
and Susan who became the wife of Wm. S. C. ^Morris.
Dr. James B. Walker married Julia Woolfolk, lived in
Augusta, Ga., and was a very prominent figure in its com-
mercial life. His sons, the late James W. and John W. Walker,
his daughters Virginia Schley, Lucy Caswell and ]\Iary Wal-
lace, and his grandchildren through these sons and daughters
have filled and are filling now large space in the business
and social life of the city.
To Wm. S. C. and Susan Morris was born one daughter,
Maria, who on July 3, 1861, was married -to Major Thomas
Spaulding McIntosh, Adjutant General of McLaws Division

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nobivia eviiiJuM to Isiso^D lORjothA .rieoJnIj'M ^^oiblfiftS^
C. S. A. While rallying skirmishers at the battle of Sharps-
burg, Maj. McIntosh was killed, and in 1868 she married Dr.
John M. Madden, Asst. Surgeon C. S. A. She and her daugh-
ter Fleurine (Tucker) are now residents of Brunswick, Ga.,
while her son Maurice lives in Jacksonville, and her daughter
Susan, wife of Samuel B. Hatcher, lives in Columbus, Ga.,
John Walker married Cornelia Woolfolk, and their de-
scendants through their children, Woolfolk, Louise and Cor-.,
nelia, live in Columbus, Ga., or elsewhere.
Isaac Walker,
Jr., married his wife, of course, but I have
no information as to her identity, nor am I advised as to the
place of residence, past, present or to come of either Isaac Jr.,
and his better half nor of their six children, viz: Isaac, Amos,
William, Thomas, Hattie and Polly.
Elijah Walker married Elizabeth Collins and to them were
born two children, Robert T., who married Anne daughter of
Judge William Polk of the Supreme Court of Maryland, inecc
of President James K. Polk and first cousin of Bishop atni
Lieut. General Leonidas Polk, and Cynthia Maria, born Dec.
7, 1799, married Col. William A. Carr July 31, 1817 and died
July 12, 1833.
To Robert T. was born who
married in
a son, William,
Macon, Ga., and died in 1853. His widow was later married
to Col. Philip Tracy of Macon who was killed afterward at the
battle of Gettysburg. After the death of Robert T. his widow
became the wife of Gov. Herschel V. Johnson to whom she
bore four sons, Herschel V. Jr., Emmett, Winder P. and
Thomas L.
To William and Cynthia Carr were born the following
children, aside from four who died in infancy:
1st. Thomas Walker, born Sept. 17. 1822, died unmarried
March 28, 1895.
2nd.William Walker, born Aug. 8, 1824, died in i'^>3.
married first Caroline Tucker, children Robert W'alker, M«»nda
C., William A.; married second, Mattie Rawles, children,
Charles, Joseph, James and Goode.
3rd. Elijah Walker, born ]\Iarch 28, 1820. married .\nna.
daughter of Dr. Edwin H. Macon Dec. 19, 1860. and died Dec.

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24, 1872, children Lilias Amanda, Susan Crawford, Florida
Agnes (Orr) and Thomas.
Florida Cynthia, born July ii, 1831, died Feb. 14,
1905. She was the youngest born and was never married. I
never knew her but have gathered the following data from a
loving tribute paid to her by her niece Florida Orr, now living
with her husband, Robert C. Orr, and her children Robert C.
Jr., and Julia W. at Carrs Hill, Athens Ga. Cynthia Carr died
when Florida was in her babyhood and her childhood years
were spent at the home of her grandmother, Elizabeth Walker
on the Northern border of Burke county near McBean Creek
and now owned by Pauline C. Rhodes.
During her girlhood her father married a widow who had
been the beneficiary of two previous matrimonial alliances and
when after her grandmother’s death young Florida returned to
her childhood home she found herself domiciled with brothers
of her own blood, two batches of step brothers and sisters and
a little half sister, a rather strenuous situation. Despite such
environment however she retained her sweetness of temper
and developed into a womanhood of rare and charming beauty,
a claim confirmed by her pictured face.
Eschewing marriage she devoted herself for ten years to
the care of her invalid father and for many years to orphaned
ones committed to her care. And so though childless she was
indeed and in truth one of ‘God’s mothers.” For sixty years
she kept a quiet nook near the old Home all abloom with
flowers of every tint and hue, perpetuating among others roses
and narcissus, that her mother Cynthia had carried from the
old homestead in Burke nearly a hundred years ago, and that
are still shedding their fragrance on the summer air at Carrs
Hill today.
Such in brief is the story given me of her by my good
friend and relativ^e Florida Orr, and while she has written
lovingly I am sure that she has written truly.
Thomas Walker’s daughters, Rebecca, Rachel and Marga-
ret,were never married, but whether from choice or necessity
I do not know. After their father’s death -in 1809 they kept
bachelors’ hall or old maids’ hall at the old home. Aunt
^bhoR ,bioiwi.iD .isbrritmA 9siUJ n^ibtido 44 :

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Rebecca was the last survivor and her later years were spent
at my father’s home. In her old age she was rather an odd
genius and as Rev. Thomas F. Pierce once said of her “If the

English tongue holds any word that expresses singularity

more strongly she was that.”
* * *

In the memorable debate between Alexander H. Stephens

and Benjamin H. Hill at Lexington, Ga., during the Presi-
dential campaign of 1856, Mr. Hill requested his opponent to '

read certain extracts from his public utterances tending to

show marked inconsistency in the positions he had taken on
pending political issues at different stages of his pubilc career.
In order to ensure faithful rendition of the incriminating record
he placed copies in the hands of a little boy with instructions
to notify the audience if omissions were made. Mr. Stephens
had proceeded but a little way with the unwelcome task when
the boy sang out : —
“He’s a skipping he’s a skipping.” This
incident has no earthly connection with the statement that if
any reader of these family details should find them lacking in
interest he has my cheerful permission to “skip.”
Returning then to the Old Testament progeny of Thomas,
his son Reuben, my grandfather, married Martha Jones Evans,
daughter of Daniel Evans, a Revolutionary soldier whose name
appears upon the roster of Captain Patrick Carr’s company of
Burke Co., Rangers in 1782.
As a result of this marriage there were born one son, Alex-
ander C., who rnarrried Virginia Anderson and after her death,
Mary Louise Stafford, and two daughters, Celestia V., who
was married to Edward R. Carswell and Martha R., who be-
came the wife of Dr. Samuel B. Clark. Numerous descendants
of these families now live in Richmond, Burke, Jefferson and
other counties. Reuben Walker died in 1820, aged thirty-two
years, his death having been the result of accidental poisoning
at the wedding supper given by Mrs. Nancy Bugg on the oc-
casion of her marriage to Alexander Kennedy. This marriage
occurred at the “Goshen Place” near where Hephzibah now
stands and as some inquiries have come to me* in regard to the
details of the accident, the following version furnished by Col.

s *^,-J ;i'„ 5UmnM..».m

o nsyJM b^ 9rf 8TO!j|*oq jrf, XfnsJeiaflobni fa9s{«nj worf*

a,H.,.™,5.i J, .f

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rfJiw\«w ilJJiJ « ,„rf b9b,9i>,.,
2iriT fa.rf
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fc^njL-pm* jmoa cjs bn«
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A. C. Walker to his daughter is given. Some days before the
wedding a demijohn, that had lain open or stopperless for
months was sent to a wine dealer to be filled. The servant
failed to rinse it thoroughly and after my grandfather’s death
the attending physician found mingled with the wine the re-
mains of a poisonous species of spider. Other guests were
made seriously ill, but there were no other fatal results.
Among the descendants of Reuben Walker, his son, Col.
A. C. Walker deserves special mention. An intimate personal
friend of Toombs and Stephens, Jenkins and Cobb, he was one
of the brainiest men and most brilliant writers in the State.
He represented Richmond county in the General Assembly
for many
years and on the retirement of Mr. Stephens in 1859
from long continuous service as representative of the old
Eiglith Congressional District Col. Walker was nominated
unanimously as his successor. Having no political ambition he
declined the honor. A political drama written by him about
1850 and entitled “The Conspirators,” created a decided sensa-
tion and was first accredited to the brilliant and virile pen of
Robert Toombs.
During the heat and bitterness of the slavery agitation and
soon after the death of “Uncle Frank” one of his trusted and
valued negroes he wrote for N. P. Willis’ Home Journal of
New York “The Night Funeral of a Slave,” a sketch whose
beauty and tender pathos attracted wide attention and was
largely copied by the Northern and Southern press. His
ability as a writer was acknowledged by Gov. Johnson even
when they were at enmity. During the Johnson and Jenkins
gubernatorial campaign the former became offended by some-
thing Col. Walker had said or written against him and when
they met in Milledgeville the Governor declined to speak al-
though they had been schoolmates and friends from earliest
boyhood. Passing each other on the street or in the corridors
of the capital for weeks without recognition, Gov. Johnston
stopped one day abruptly and said “Walker, I want to ask a

favor of you.” “What is it Governor?” said Col. Walker. “I

want you to write an obituary of ” naming a rela-

tive by marriage who had recently died. “I know of no man

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b«« xif<^ .d* X*b »no tkqqou
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** .

Ad'.' 5l
about whom I could say less that was commendatory,” was
the reply. know that,” said Johnson, ‘'and that is my
reason for asking the favor. No man within the whole range
of my acquaintance can fix up a case of that kind as well as
yourself.” The paper was prepared and their relations became
friendly and cordial again.
Anothern prominent descendant of Reuben Walker w^as
Gen. Reuben W. Carswell, who commanded a Confederate
brigade in the ’60s, was nominated for Congress in the early ^
years following the war and filled for many years the bench
of the Middle Judicial Circuit.
Benjamin G. Walker, son of Thomas, married Caroline
Edwards, and had one daughter Mary who became the wife of
Martin and whose descendants now live in Alabama. After
the death of Benjamin G., his widow was married to Judge
Robert A. Allen of this county.
Of the other sons of Thomas, John D., William and Amos,
what I don’t know would probably fill a book. Beyond the fact
that John D. and Amos lie buried near their father and have
left no descendants my information does not extend.
And now before taking leave of the Walker tribe there are
two or three incidents in the general family history that may
not be lacking in interest to the reader.
During the Revolutionary War, Valley Forge was owned
by Joseph Walker and his home was headquarters for Wash-
ington’s officers. During all that cold and dreary winter of
1777 Joseph’.s good wife Sarah made corn mush and sent it
with milk to the sentinels standing guard near her home.
Helen Walker of Edinburgh, Scotland, was the original of
the beautiful character, Jeanie Deans, portrayed by Walter
Scott in his Heart of Mid Lothian. After her death, the tender
hearted novelist placed a monument at her grave bearing on its
face a beautiful tribute to her memory written with his own
• Allusion has been made to the marriage of my grandfather
Reuben Walker to ^Martha Jones Evans. Nearly fifty years
later William Evans Walker, son of Col. A. C. Walker was
married to Sarah Eleanora Evans daughter of William Evans.


f«w y{’o^fibn3immo;> e*w isifi x«i Wooa I . i

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.snit-43 ttrrol sritytU of i»)f(sV/ rodu»fl

f6-»^y:,lhW>p .A .l<0 lo noa .i93JiaW,aii4v3
.ans’fH inBifliV/ lo lyutsmtli tritvjJ »i<_>n6jtI3 daiaS
03 f>iu^|ftm ^
These two unions of the two families add interest to the fact
that some centuries ago the marriage of Hannah Walker to
Samuel Evans of Wales, connected the Walker name and blood
with the King of Wales and the King of Man both of whom
were descended from King Lind who ruled Brittany when in-
vaded by Julius Caesar in 54 and 55 B. C.
Some years ago Camp 1389 U. C. V. secured the services
of Rev. Mr. Ledbetter, Pastor of the Methodist Church at
Louisville, Ga., in a lecture for their benefit. Major Wpi. T.
Gary was selected to introduce the speaker. While wafting
for the audience to materialize, which I regret to say it failed
to do, and while engaged in conversation with the lecturer and
Major Gary, the matter of pedigree became the subject of dis-
cussion. Mr. Ledbetter said that he was a descendant of King
George of England, and iMajor Gary, not caring to be over-
shadowed in ancestral prestige replied that he was more than
sixty years of age before he learned that he was a lineal descen-
dant of King Robert Bruce of Scotland.
The writer, absolutely unconscious of any trace or taint
or royal blood in his plebeian veins, sat by in still unbroken
silence. And yet if I had known then what I really do not
know now, that my Evans ancestral line carried me back to
Mervyn Vrych the King of Man and Essyx his wife the daugh-
ter of the King of Wales and through them both to old King
Lind of Early Brittany, whose brother Caswallon had with
his sturdy yeomanry driven back the veteran legions of Julius
Caesar frorn the British Coast, my tongue would scarce have
been so silent nor my lips so mute.
And yet if my friend Peter G. Walker is not off in his
arithmetic and if old King Lind had lived only a thousand
years ago and if as Tom Watson would say, he was “some
punkins” in his day, and if my Evans ancestral line came
directly from him, my share of his royal prestige would be
represented by the fraction one divided by one billion, three
hundred and seventeen thousand eight hundred and twenty-
four. Run it back another thousand years to this old sov-
ereign's ancient era and there my royal strain would vanish
into thin and misty air.

bhs «$ifxm4l owl ^Ai \q enoioii oiivj w»xfT
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baiifil ji OJ Jaigoi I rioirf^/ o| ^^aoaibuA lol
briA ^df tJjiw xioiJjGitijvftOD ni9Ud/# boK ,ob pJ

-eib JO io 3 [dxi$ 5 /it 5 /na^ 9 d 55 0ijib»q k» adl ,’n^O ioIaM
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ion ob JAdw uadi^nwofj^i bAif I ij.
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liftw bad iioUew4t£^ njiiinvi -aeodw ,xwinfl bn?
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5iy4i («itij5onA axui/3 bn*i
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-vo4i bio fcidl 0) tJ£^x"^bn£»vodf i^Asoujs Aj£d U^au£
ffBin£/ blmy// nimlB UxQ^ vjti aitMii hnr. 475 iiii^anfc-a'ogiai^^
^ -ilfi vjBixn bfjA n/di oiiid >
Roll back the curtained panorama of the years for an
even century and what does its pictured canvas show to our
modern eyes? In the forefront of its shifting lights and
shadows sits Thomas Jefferson writing Presidential Messages
with his virile grey goose quill by the flickering light of a
tallow candle. Six years before, he had mounted his horse at
Monticello, had ridden unattended and alone to the newly
constructed capital at Washington, had hitched his mettled
steed to a sapling in its front, had brushed the dust of travel
from his Sunday clothes and in republican simplicity had de-
livered his brief inaugural. In 1807 he was filling his second
term as Chief Magistrate of the nation and was filling it

miglity well.
In a less pretentious structure in the little village of Louis-
ville, Ga., Jared Irwin was serving his second term also as
Governor of Georgia. as you
But scan the canvas as closely
may, you will find on its pictured face no railroad, no steam-
boat, no cooking stove, no sewing machine, and not even a box
of matches, nor a postage stamp in all the land. The pole
boat and the old time stage were the “public carriers” of
those old days, while the tinder box or horn with its flint and
steel attachments took the place of the modern match, when
the burning “chunk” though carefully imbedded in ashes
failed to preserve its incandescent glow through the long
winter nights. Letter writing in that day was a rather ex-
pensive pastime as every missive, loveladen or otherwise, re-
duced the writer’s bank account just twenty-five cents.
And what were the local conditions in this immediate
section? Augusta, although it had received its city charter
seven years before, was only a struggling town over whose
municipal destinies Gen. Thomas Flourney presided. There
were only two public roads in Richmond County one leading —
to Savannah, and the other to Louisville, where for twelve
years the State Government had lived and moved and had its
legal being. During the old slave days Mr. James Anderson,
who will receive further notice in these records, owned a negro

' . ,


. .00 A A3TY Av Vv

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b^vii Jjaif ioaxnnt^voD ?)#t2 sdif ixipx
.noa79bnA!.?9m£t .iM adlv^BnhuG ^.^nbd |b:SpI
01^90 B bpnwo .^biGPPT 9«9dl irf,9p/Kjfl[ -^djiTol 9Vi99»i iliir d^
whose name was George. A stranger passing the Anderson
home one day found George working in the grove, and being
uncertain as to his route said: “Uncle, where does this road
go to?” “Well boss,” said the old man, “I bin here a long
time and never see dat road go anywhar. It just nach’ully
stay right dar.”So this old Louisville road that forms the
commercial avenue of our town lies today where it lay a
hundred years ago and more, with no material changes in its
maiden path. Over its ungraded hills and unpaved -sandy
stretches the old time stage lumbered and jolted and toiled
while the driver probably “cussed” his team in conventional
Western style. The first stage station on this road was at the
old A. W. Rhodes place in our town and the room used for
this station still forms a part of the Rhodes dwelling. It was
kept by a certain Stringfellow or some other fellow, but I
have been able to secure no information as to his antecedents
or his post-cedents.
Col. Augustus H. Anderson, of old time Brothersville,
once went hunting and a little pet dog that had never heard
the report of a gun followed him into the woods. When the
first shot was fired the dog was standing by his side, but when

its echoes had died away the dog had adjourned sine die, and

was never seen again. The “Col.’s” solution of the matter was
that his canine pet through excessive ;fright had simply
“evaporated.” My friend Stringfellow seems to have suffered
a similar fate.
Oliver Cromwell once had his portrait painted. The artist
thinking to please the grim Protector left oft* the warts that
marred his rugged face, and when the stern old Puritan looked
upon the finished canvas he said: “No sir, I won’t have it,
paint me as I am, warts and all.” Tom Watson says that a
book is worth only the truth it holds, and so in giving a faith-
ful portrait of this community in its early days I fear I shall
have to paint at least one wart upon its old time face.
“ pity and pity ’tis true,” that in the early
’Tis true, ’tis

years of the i8th century Stringfellow or the other fellow, who

kept this stage station, not only looked upon the wine when it
was red but reddened the noses of the stage passengers by
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furnishing them liquid refreshments at so much per glass.
With the exalted reputation this community has sustained for
sobriety and good morals for all these years, I regret to place
this blur upon otherwise stainless record but as a truthful

chronicler I can not ignore the fact. The patrons of the old
stage routes did not enjoy a “two-cent fare” rate in those old
days. Rev. Adiel Sherwood in the 1829 edition of his Gazet-
teer gives the fare charged on a number of these routes but
none from Augusta to Louisville, probably for the reason
that when the latter place was shorn of its prestige by the
removal of the State Capitol to Milledgeville in 1807 the stage
line was possibly abandoned. The figures given indicate that
the rates were from 8 to 12 cents per mile. One statement
made by this clerical authority may both puzzle and amuse
the reader. It is as follows: ‘‘From Augusta to Charleston
$15.00 and found.” Those unfamiliar with the provincialisms
of other days might infer from this record that passengers on
the route named were sometimes lost and that -the rates
charged covered the expense" of finding them. To prevent any
misapprehension on this line it may not be amiss to say that
the language quoted simply means that the fifteen dollars
guaranteed to the patron of this route not only transportation
but “hog and hominy” in transit.
The early years following the close of the Revolutionary
War brought to this section a tide of immigration from other
and older States, notably from Virginia and North Carolina.
Among those who came to this immediate community there
was a Robert Allen who, as his grandson D. R. Allen informs
me, was a native of the Tar Heel State and who settled within
the present limits of our town. There were so many marriages
and inter-marriages among the families of the early settlers
and their stories are so largely blended that the clearness and
interest of the narrative will be enhanced by an enumeration
of Robert Allen’s contemporaries all of whom will receive in-
dividual and special notice in these annals. Among them were
Edmund Murphey who located at what is known as the old
Murphey place on the Louisville Road and within the present
limits of Hephzibah, about 1784, Elisha Anderson, Sr., who

tsq dwta a* is rtojrtirfjstlsi bu»p^^.fn^Jll ^niifai'fnnl

lol bMiifiJcua esd xJi^^ninos ijdj noit&luqsT b»}luc9 jtfa
»5el<] oi J9ig»i I .ein*f
m-»U tl* 7ol tis^m boo^bn* xJ»ridc«
£ as
tiiiiljj/i} tno?ai auslnifija sanunwlio aJi ooqit
aiitj wM
bU) »rij lo aooilsq sdT ,?3*1 aril sfion^i ion aea I
bio Modi m
ojai ’Siai Jit99-owf“ g to|ns Jon bib
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Jiitf 9?»ri> lo itirmin e no hysttiio mb) »rii asvi^ is»j
ooefiai aiiJ lol ^{rfedot<; .slitveu^J oi
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93 f.Js 9*
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8 stU lo Uvoinai
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asJsi adl
9 l?so<} ftlod x*'n '(ynodlue lashsb
eirfj x<l
.nojwlyjrp oj fijftogaA otOTT” swoIJoi ej» ai Jl .wbasi 9* :

*jin«(i«tonivoiq srii djtw isrlimsliwj oaoriT

’’.biiuol biut oo.jt^
no engitjaeiMj iBiU' t>roo 3t eirfi moil islrii iri^im ex*b lailJo lo
89JS1 9i{} •
iadi bus leof t»ma»mae jiaw bstnaa slum adJ
.\ne Jo 3 V 97q oT .msrij jaihud ic> sansqjts 9 dJ baaavoo ita^jaih
l£rt> xfi« 0} teiai* 9-1
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noil&noq>.n« 7 j vino Joa i>tm» airi-j lo npiicq, strli oi^ba^inatau^
n‘i "xnimoH bn* .lianaii
j Sod*" lod
Moli 9 i1j ^ntwollol «j£»x
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aioil (Wsioa iesima isbio bn*
»-’3rij xiinunimos alsibommi errfj ot 901*9 oriw saorfl ^aomA
emi^lm nstlA .3 .Q noabamg eirf a* ,oilw nsIIA jiodoJI * e»w
niiluw baljjaa oriw bn/ *Jiu 2 i4»H isT srfj li> oviJsn * gew ,9m
as^nninm x<Tfim o* S7SW jiadT' .nwpl Ttio Ic aiimri
traartq arfi :
«t>b}9* ^haa 9ffj lo eailinifil
srfi .gnnm* Wgamam-Taini bn*
mi «*9mi9i5 aril )adi babnaid xi^S^ci o« si* eahola itarfi
Hoirnomona ne x*l b»n*rin9 vj ibw aviwncn
9rfr lo M9i9lm
-nr 3y»9»i Ujw mortw lo t|«
e9iTS»0q:n9Jno9 «'a9riA M9d0jl lo
979v» TO 7 itl jfiotaA ,*1*011* 9e»dJ oi >9iio<i i*i99q*
bo* fsobivib f-
Wo 91I1 es b*roi7 j» Jarfw j* boi* 9ol oriw xsHq7t/M boninb *'
Jns^.-tq aril niiiiiw bnr; b*o« sliiveitioJ otU ao
»3*(q iad^ftate"
oriw ,,72 .no*79bn
A 5*if«if3 ioodn ,fi*diadq9Fr'‘te'^«i^4kti ‘


lived near what is known as the Miller Spring and Aaron,
Absalom and Lewis Rhodes who were named to me by grand-
sons of two of them as three brothers who migrated to this sec-
tion with their sister Nancy Ann from North Carolina in the late
years of the i8th century. The late Wm. W. Rhodes of
Louisville, Ga., grandson of Aaron gave me this information
some years before his death and within the past few weeks
Judge R. H- P. Day grandson of /\bsalom has corroborated
the statement and yet other documentary evidence that^has
come to me later has convinced me that they were bo'th
laboring under the same traditional error. From entries in
the old family bibles of Edmund Murphey and Lewis Rhodes
I learn that Edmund married Nancy, the sister of Aaron and
Absalom in 1785, and that Lewis son of John Rhodes was born
in 1787. If Lewis came to Geeorgia with Aaron and Absolom
and Nancy, he must have made the trip several years before
he was born, and this seems hardly probable. In addition to
this, John A. Rhodes, son of Absalom referred to A. W.
Rhodes, son of Lewis, as his third cousin, and this would have
failed to express the true relationship if Absalom and Lewis
were brothers. My inference from the above is that John,
father of Lewis came with the Rhodes contingent from North
Carolina and that he was a cousip and not a brother of Aaron,
Absalom and Nancy. If the reader can reconcile the facts to
a different theory he is at liberty to do so and no demurrer
will be filed.
Within the soil of the old Allen burying ground in our
town there lies today, and has lain for more than a hundred
years, the dust of another and perhaps the earliest settler
within the limits of Hephzibah. The stone that marks his

grave bears this inscription: “Eleazor Brack Died 1801,” but
his identity seems largely lost in the mist of the years that
are gone. The only information that I have been able to
gather is Anderson married a Miss Brack and that
that Elisha
Mrs. Virginia Davis thinks that Eleazor was her ancient
"kinsman. But of these matters and of others, as the rural cor-
respondent said '‘More Anonymous.’'

,n<ruA bn* ^nh<|2 iMJiM ca iiwQrrrf ei i*rfw bavil

-f>n*T^ b»M!fcn oifw e^bod^ aiv^aJ brri fnote<lA

- 09A 8iH| oi b^Jui^un ofivi? ^^adioid andi «ft fnaiij lo owj to tnoe
aittl iwl) fiJ Jiwil lui/ laisit Ti^diJ dliw iioiJ

to esboHH .W ,raW sigl tn{T .x^uiano dJ8t adl \o^ew\

fii^ijtrnaatiii, «irlj 5 /f; av*;g noTJsA lo fio«bn*i^ ,
cCX ,aint«liio.l

adldw wt)i ie*q ?>di rtrlthjir bpt» di^^b eirf i»*rolad *n*a'/ amoe
b^tftiqdoriOD H£d rnoIa^dA, to fio«l»n£i^^ XuQ M *H .5t

^3on>i>iva t^^djo sux box 9d:

tilbd 'pi^W uds 9m bsoaivao^j esd latfil oi 5mo!>

ni a&iiiifto .loiio' Utwnibcii 9m££ adJ wbnu ^nnodsl

ftabodk eiw»J bnf ^kcfid xfjrri^&t bio adl

bnfi xjoixA ioNorati ^ili ’,x^axv4 Wm brfomb3*Udl ms^T I

mod «rj« ifabod^l crrioX^ Jxdi b/ix nJ irroIxedA

moiondA bns. uoixA rtliw xi^toaaO ol amso fciv/aJ II

aioUd aixav Uir/9B qh^^tb a7xd Jeum ari bnx
oi nohibbii al .afdsdotq 8cnaJ>« «idi bnc .mod «xw ad
,W .A oi bartatai ^ mo{»#dA k> wo« .aai»oHfH .A nrfoX ^tdi'

avwl bbow ztit ba* .eiwaJ to no« .aabodH

aiwaJ bns ffi«>bedA li itnl odJ afaiqica ol j>ali^

,nik>l ixfii>ai avodx itdi fjfioit aonaTytoT xK .«iadlond aiaw

diioVi molt icaj^niinoa ^9bo^f aib dliw Jiruo aif//oJ to iari^xt

»fS0 ixA to Tadtoid a )cwj bn« ftiwK»a s ad ixtb bnx anIioisD

oi aiaxt adi aUanaar; axa Tabxaa ,>di IT .vart«VT box moIxadA
•jonjsmab on has oe) ol> oi xmdil r* sj arf x^aadjUn^»^‘b x
.bAl/t ad n'fw
'riio «i bniiOT^g yni\ii/d nail A Wo adi to lioa adl^aidilV/
!mb«t/f! X nxrii 'aiom lol nlBraxd bax ,Yxbcd aaif aaadi nwoj
•:a!tiaa iaaHixa aril eqxdiaq bnx ladlonx to" Izub arii ,fcixax
aid ixdi anoie ariT .rfxdisdcpH to elimri aril nii!li'*r

liid ’\ioSj baiO-—daxiHVvxxalH'* *

noiiqhalai iiifi ^.ixad a'^n^j^

ixrii enxax adj^itofllPifti ^aril f|i iaol Rmaae vliinabi eiri

Oi aldx^naad a /fid I nobxfmotnr xbo arTT .anoa aix
Jxili box aiox-rH eeiM x banaxm nOt=i?bnA xrisilH ixril xi ladixf

inabax lari -^w icjaxaiS^ ixril e:dnirij sivxCI xinia*li^

loa ixim aritix .aiadlo to'^bxx fciaiJxm a?.adi to iuS \ftxm«Dti^r
**^nom^notxA aioM*‘ bix« Jnabnoq^ar
Between the years 1757 and 1774 a section of land was
granted to John Allen in Richmond County, and between 1785
and 1788 other sections were taken up by David, Gideon and
Samuel Allen. Between 1787 and 1791 Daniel, Robert, Joseph,
William and John Allen located in what was then St. Georges
Parish, now Burke and Jefferson counties. The Allen tribe,
therefore, seems to have been well represented in this imme-
diate territory. Whether the Burke or Jefferson Robert was
identical with the one under discussion, or whether the latter
was related in any way to the others named, I do not know.
My friend D. R. Allen informs me that the residence of
his grandfather Robert Allen stood about midway between
the site of the old Kilpatrick or Mr. J. Carswell and
the Louisville Road, or just in rear of Mr. U. B. Frost’s
dwelling, and that the blacksmith shop where the first Allen
plow was made, glowed and shone with its old-time furnace
and bellows and rang with its ancient hammer and anvil near
the present site of the Baptist Church. He stated, further, that
the sites were pointed out to him by his father, Elisha A.
Allen, who lived in the Home and Who probably in his early
manhood hardened his muscles in the blacksmith shop. This
seemed to settle the matter beyond a peradventure. But now
cometh my old friend and schoolmate, James A. Carswell,
who deposeth and saith that the location named can not be
the correct one for the reason that there was no spring near it,
and in addition to this that he has eaten fruit from the old
Allen orchard near what was once known as the Allen spring
half a mile away. I regret that my friend James has seen fit
to “spring” such an objection to what I thought to be an es-
tablished fact, and regret likewise that I have fallen into his-
torical difficulties through the same agency that brought to the
life of old Mother Eve her moral troubles, namely, the eating

of apples.
Since modern research has thrown discredit on the Wm.
Tell apple story and on the George Washington hatchet inci-
dent as well, the value of tradition as a historjcal asset seems

.M3JJA THaaos
e*w bn*l lo not>»2 6 bn* XZKi Bvax »dJ n»swj»a
e«\t nsswisd bn* ,^r/o*J bnoradbia nil n>»A nrfol ol
bn* ftosbiO,M»eO i(<l narfsJ siaw znoi) 3 »« tsdjo Sg^i
,rf<p*olM79doa ,r»in*a I<?ri bos t;8^i nsWisS .n>ilA
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,9dhJ n»JIA sriT .«»Unwna bn* asiiaH woo ,ileli*<]
-»/nmi iid} al hasn^t-nnjn Ih-M tttwl 9 v«ri
ol emoM ,*1 913
iaw rtodoa nosisBat io 9j|t«a 9di laiHorfV/ .T»oltrj
^ *
9 l jJsib
i 9 lJ*l adj Tsrtrarfw to .noi»»u
96 ib isijou sno aril riirw If,oiJn 9 b!
.v/oml Jon Ob 1 ,bsra*n sinrlio aril oJ ^*w yne ni **w
^.fo49iT9W«M. aril Kill 9»i sswfwiw aaSlA JJ -.O
naj'wlad Xswbim Jtrod* booj« ri»flA ivadoM
wriiribn*!^ «iri

m bn* anuxiT «9wS9*:) :fohleqli:>l bic aril to 9 ii«

1801^ .a .ir .tM to r*9T ’"ni tefi{
10 4»*oH alliveiuoJ aril
nallA Isid aril rmfw qoria ri:imaJoeld

sifl l«dl bn* .snillawb

99i!fnnl 9^1-bIo 8li ditw anode fcSis b 9 wo!g ,ab«m e*w
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9 d bn*
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b9}nioq 9 i 9 w e 9 ii» srij
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banabMrf boorinsm
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oj bamaa*
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bjo- x™
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ee\v JtarRl*rli noe*ai aitj loi aoo
199 -noo aril
Wo aril inoii Jiuii naisa e*rf
ari l*rfi eidl el noilibb*
ai bn*
>innc}« nsIlA arii 'es nwonil^asno e* w isriw wan bu;ifoto oaliA
id naaff e«i «ajn*Vbnaiii l*ril Jaijai 1 .ysws aiiin * Jl*rf
->‘j ni ad
bl j(iguoril I uriw ol noiloaidb ne
tfja* "jjnhqa" 0} '

'1'’-!’'!! l3-.Ssi,bn* . 19*1

W 5
*” X’f’a* »in*e aifj
d^noiril eaijiooiftib Isohot
?jrn*9 adt ,K>fdooTtil*Tom lari y/3 lariloM bio Ip alii

^5*,, .«alqq* to .
.mW .
arij 310 itbaiDsib
n'wojrfi a«d dswatai ntabotn aani2,,
-nni laifcijBd noignlrfeaV/ ag^aO
aril no bn* 'noto alqqc 1J*T

•^4 wnaw i»e»* I*9i?olefrf * W

no.libm to anU AitJ .ilW *<^litob“

,1 :

to be on the wane. It may be that in the days to come some
skeptic will arise and say that no man. ever hit Billy Patterson,
but that he was simply struck by an idea and that the resultant
injury from so unusual an occurrence was so grave that its
distant echoes linger in the corridors of time.
Ah well, whatever may have been the exact site of his
home, the fact remains that Robert Allen, a hundred years
ago and more, lived within the present limits of Hephzibah,
and was not only the father of the Allen plow but of a goodly
number of sons and daughters. He married Elizabeth Ander-
son, the only child of Elisha Anderson, Sr., by his first mar-
riage. His wife must have been a very lovable woman, or she
must have had tact enough to induce her husband to think so,
as he gave both his sons, Robert and Elisha, her maiden name.
His daughters in their matrimonial alliances seemed to develop
a predilection for men who wore judicial honors, his daughter
Martha having married Judge Wm. J. Rhodes, son of Aaron
Rhodes, and Jane having become the wife of Judge Edmund
Palmer, son of Jonathan Palmer. A third daughter, Elizabeth,
was married to Alexander, son of Edmund Murphey, but the
judicial fever in that case did not riseabove normal until the
advent of a grandson, the present clever and genial postmaster
of our town, who is known as Judge H.*L. Murphey. Of four
remaining daughters by his first marriage, Rosa married Ben-
jamin Wooding, Polly, Crawford, Sarah, Jackson and Emily
was never married. After the death of his wife Robert Allen
married a widow living in Columbia county and Hattie, the
only child of this marriage, became the wife of Henry Wash-
burn of Savannah.

Of his sons, Robert A. married Priscilla Wood and after

her death Caroline, widow of Benjamin G. Walker. Elisha A.
married Jeannette Evans, daughter of Daniel Evans. Judge
Robert A. Allen for many years a prominent and useful citizen
of this county left two sons, Frank and Robert, and one
daughter, Cornelia (Hull). Elisha A. had three sons, Robert
H., Elisha A. Jr., and D. Richard Allen, and three daughters,
Anna, 'Margaret and Jennie. He was a prominent and suc-
cessful planter in the adjoining county of Burke. Through
5moii imoo 01 «xxb arii m tsdl ^ x&m il .^u^w »it> fto Mi od
x^tiS li!vir ti^m o« i«d4 bn* ^ehs lliw obqiait
9di i&dt btic .8#lif Xlq£D^« e4w »xf jAdi wd
tu j£riJ 57 fft5 ^ hs iBneuaii o« moii xiaiai
Pl' ^ ^ .doxb io t«^obmo3 Mit nl Moibs ifleUrb
\«id lo'Mhj i:»BJc^ i'rfJ cr^iKf y/4jd x,Rtn lov^is^iiw ,Ibw ifA
21B9X bsibnurf B *Sit5flA 3n<ia^ fwl) kniBmoi r^mod
.ricdisriq^H lo aUnnil jnwj!»iq'*offl niffoivA b^vil ,9T0cn bn* crgB
X^boo^ t \o Jud v/olq njilA^sdl io idriisl jdj bn«
-isbriA rfl»d&sil3 sH .ST^Jri^gUBb bnjc eiroe lo i^dmuo
-iBHt fifd xd ^acmrpbfiA Bd 2 iIH )o bUddt' xl^o »d# ,nos
9rf8 n5>d »vbU Jsarn :^>»w «iH
,02 3<n*friJ OJ bc&dafid i»f( MW^bfit o1 bed »v£d iatmi
. 5 fnBfi n:ibUcn t^rf BfUx(3 bns ,«noa eiii d)od j>vb§ ari &e
aiH ‘‘T'v^
qohv^b oi fe^acew^a Uifiornhlam ibjrfi ni eiaJfl^gaBb

fid ,moriOii I&b?htt( aiow odw narn tol aohD^nbaiq s

noinA io no« bihijsrn' anr/sd adJiaM
bnwmbH tgbat io aim ad3 dcona^d ;^niviid an«|, bna ,2abodiI -
'V <

,dtadBxif3 ^laJd^r/Bb biiili A ,%arui«^ tiKfiaBnoT io noJ? ,iambB^

sib awd l^o rroa ,i'>bnBxslA of bshiam aaw
srft Ihno ifirniofi svo<U sail Ion bib saao ffi.isvsl
isJgBfnieoq tovab Insfaaq adj A tnavbfi
iifol lO ,x^fiqiflM ,JyH t^iii ua nwoa^i oriw ,nwoJ nw'lo
>nsH bsiTtfiffi JtaoH iaift ?.irf -<d aiaid;guBb ^niaiiims-^ ,

vfirrx3 bnfi iK>edoii|-,ri4nBS .biclwiiiD ainui(

nallA tiadoil siiw aid io fh5sb .sdt isJlA i»si*!iBrn lavan ^bw
sHt ,shiBH buB aidmiiloD ni ^nivU *;vobiv^ a ba'msm
-ilaaV/ x^nsK io sli /?. sdJ sirifi^sd ,!>^«ina/sB aidJ io blido \lho
i .dannsvsB io mud

ialla bna booV/ allbah^ bsinain nadoH ,ano« aid iO

.A arfailH .isdIaV/ .O^nfmarnall lo wobiw .snilotaO rfaasb isd inr

.aofivH biiisQ Io laid^sb ,ancv3 sJisnnBsl. bsHiam ^'-i

'A J
Ci >Bbio Inlsaji bna JflswiffMnq a ai45sx oaliA >. Jisdo^ ' ;-

s#io hita ,bxsdoH bna )lxisn3 «anoa owl jlsl x^f^wos, ^^rii io
judoH .aiKve andi bad *A aikiiS ^IsuioD ,isad;jii*b .

,st*>Jd;»iiab ^dj bits ,nsIlA biedoiij .C bnii ,n\ .A ^

•om bna insnrmoTq fi aaw bqa

'^‘^d'^uemfT ,.sdtj/9 Io x^nnoa srlJ
nl isanalq bhsss

t i-r*

the marriage of his daughter Jane to Edmund Palmer, Robert
Allen became the grandfather of James E., John T., Robert
and Savannah Palmer, and through the marriage of Rosa to
Benjamin Wooding, of their children Mary, Martha and Ed-
ward. His descendants through the Rhodes and Murphey al-
liances will receive proper mention in the stories of Aaron
Rhodes and Edmund Murphey.
If the information given me by his grandson is authentic
Robert Allen in his early manhood varied his agricultural
operations by sowing a lot of “wild oats,’^ but finding the
outcome from that particular method of diversion unsatisfac-
tory he reformed, entered the communion of the Methodist
church and for many years was a prominent and useful local
minister. During all his later life Rev. Nicholas Murphey
and Rev. Alexander Avret were his co-laborers in the pro-
pagation of the Arminian Creed in this section. The following
story, in which the three were the dramatis personae, was told
me by Rev. E. R. Carswell, Sr., and is probably absolutely
trustworthy. I give it the alliterative heading of

In the early days- of Methodism any effort at ornamen-
tation either in dress or doniestic surroundings was looked
upon as a direct inspiration of the Evil One. On one occasion
his two co-laborers were traveling together the Louisville Road
and in passing through what is now Hephzibah they came
directly in front of the Robert Allen residence. Looking
toward it they noticed that an old-fashioned set of “bars,” that
had formed the means of entrance to and egress from his
barnyard or lot, had been replaced by a plain plank gate. It
added much to the convenience of the situation and destroyed
in that particular case at least the old-time boyish job ot
“minding the bars.” The plank of which it was made was
undressed and unpainted, but it looked better than the old and
the change furnished to the two preachers strong circumstan-
tial evidence that Brother Allen was growing^worldly minded

and in imminent danger of “falling from grace,” and they both

,1^/rtI^ bnoffiKH o1 trd lo 5^&iiijim ^dl
t’ndo^ oT adol ^3 #^msX ^5.-!)i1bnfiTS anjsosd osIIA
crt ciof! lo ^’^ingfn. sd) d^guoidi bat dcnn^/sS bns
-b3 bn« i;dJ*JijM nnblitb tbdl lo ^^gnlbooViT nimain^ff
-Ifi x^dqiuM bc« a-sbodH srfJ d^uoirfj Wn^jbfi^tjesb «iH .bn<w
aojRA lo £5no7a ni tiouni^tn i!>qoiq Hiv» ^9^^si!
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gid b^hisv boofi/ijifu ^
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JerbodJiM 9di i© dbiaximmoo 9rh Niaind ^bdirnolrr 9ri XJOS
tool lah&u hufi inalfiwuO^q £ nxvr ei£3v xnsrn lol bjiE doiodo
X^^^dqiijH *’esfodolM.i*V951 ^id aid fU gahoQ
•<nq oriJ iri «i9iod&I-o3 aid :>:9w j^ivA iobn«t>IA bna
^niwoilol ,^dt m
b99‘p ofitnirmA 9di lo nolugsq
blot «ji?w .^«no4ifiiq alum^b vdJ »19W, »ind} adi doidv/ ai
Xiaiwiogdfi 'icIdido*rq «i bn^ ,.i2 .IbwncO .H .vsH x<^
lo ^nibtjTd 9vhkii>ikljB srft ii svis I^^.vHttowlgml

In .YTOTM aTAOjniA jq » ^ ;
‘''(}r'yj:^.y;t7T. P5^
-norajairro' x«« fswjbodi^M lo
b^dool afiw g^jiibiuKJiiue oiieffnob lo ea^ih ni T9ifti9 ^^oi^fi1
noic&DX) ^rto ajO .OiiO livS 9dl lo nohfiiiq«fit Iwib s noqu
hsrO^ ^nivgiooj rmUr^ »i9v/ ei noif^l-oo ow> aid
9fftx:0“ risdixdqfiH won
al i«dw d^ooirij gofeasq nT bnc
.oonabif-ri^. nslIA* li9doK *5ri^ lo Jn<nl m xb^siit
Xiidj ’*.gi«d** lo bsnoiil€Bl-blo n& Jfirii baDbon V 9 fb li frt«v/pl
eld moil eeaigc; bn^s o> 50<jfiiJn9 lo ^dt b^rmol b«rt
Jl 5inB?q nislq i» xd ntiod b^d ,tof lo b^xrx^'^*d
bn« nobiiotie 9fh lo »iriJ oi d^am b»bb£

to <lp( d3ix<5d 9mb-blo oitj tgu^l Iftdi ni

e£v/ 9bkrn eiiw ti xbtdw lo dnalq sifT ’^.eiBd 9/p 3 n/bnjni'‘ :

bn B bio 9di nfidM9ij!»d b^^looi u iud d ^j/tiBqfin bni; b^eerrhim

•nBt3mi/35b )|noTt« ri9doii-»*!q cml 9rfi Oi b9df*nTd!.9^nB?h 5dJ
t:»bfjifn xlbiitr^^ ^gniwcn^ >xw uyllA i^riioiS
d)od ,xtdljfi«£ motl k> i9;^Bb
then and there solemnly covenanted with each other that they
would pray for him that he might be delivered from the
snares of the Wicked One, and restored to his former strict
adherence to the tenets of the Methodist Creed.
If old Father Murphey and old Father Avrett were alive
today and were to ride together, as in the old days, from Tybee
light to Rabun Gap no set of “bars” perhaps would greet
their vision through all that weary travel, but gates enpugh

to vex their righteous souls for all the years to come.
As it is not my purpose to confine this story to the narrow
limitations of strict historic detail, and as my last instalment
closed with an incident which may seem to have furnished
“one on” the old time Methodists of. this community, and as
our towm in its denominational alignment is confined largely
to members of that creed and of the Baptist faith and order,
it may not be amiss to even up by giving a similar reminis-
cence for the benefit and behoof of my many friends of the last
named church.
Allusions have been made to the marriage of Edmund
Palmer, son of Jonathan, to Jane Allen, daughter of Robert.
With the tide of immigration that flowed into this section
from the old North State a hundred years ago and more, there
came to this country Jonathan, George, William, Nathaniel and
Jeff Palmer, with two sisters, Mrs. Rowland and Mrs. Wash-
ington. These five brothers are the progenitors of the numer-
ous family of that name now to be found in this and adjoining
counties, as well as in other sections, and in other States.
During my college days at. Emory, Prof James E. Palmer,
grandson of Jonathan and of Robert Allen, as well, occupied
the Latin chair in that institution, and filled it ably as he did
every other position to which public or private duty called
him. His son, Howard E. W. Palmer, who has inherited in
full measure the gifts arid graces of his worthy ancestry, is
filling large space in the official, professional and religious life
of Atlanta today.
In the waning hours of a winter day in 1905, I had just
taken my seat in the Augusta Southern train, preparatory to
my ride to my home in Hephzibah, when a tall, fine looking.
rftiw !>5Jnisn3vo3 di^rfl bni n^riJ

ariJ moil l»Di9vibb ^urfi ^mirf bluow

JonJe larmol eiri oi t>3WXsoi bn£ ,tnrO bifdoiV/ 9r!i lo ft^tiinE

.. .bwO JfeibodJsM sHl io arfi o)

oviU 519 W jjyiVA Mo hn« bio U
3 d\T moil
t> bIo“'5dJ nt U i>bh oJ bn* rf'
bfwow aqfiriiiq *’ei*d*’ 'o on qaD of tdgll
Jiifd x'^6‘jw iurfi K* ffgi/oirfj nortiv fhdS

oj ori: II* tol af«pR ifadJ xsv of
v/0Ti*n adi oi x^on airlJ bi aaoqrnq tort ei fl eA
fmmtsJ&ni UJtl bn* .iki-Jb piiotaid Ionia lo 8xioii*itmH
bodelrtiul ovbH oi mo-oa X^m^dokiw inabionl n* rfliw boeofo
2 * brtfi ,xJirtiJfnmoo eieibodioM omii bio orft *'no ono**

Xlyg*!*! bortftfioo ai Jni>fna:gilfi tfinoii*nhiiortob eii ni nv/oj luo

,iobio bn* diifil ialiqsH orfj ib bii* boeno t&iif lo aiodrnorn oi
•ginimoT islirniz** Xd qw novo oi g«nrr* sd ion
j**f odJ lo abrtohi xn*m loloodj>d htts iftonod orfi *»ol 50n50
rfomifa bofufin
bcTDfnbS lo sriJ 01 obcrw o»od ov£d ertoiaoflA
.trodoH lo *rold:sw*b tOoFlA .nfiili*fioT^ lo noB tisaxlMH,

noiJ 5 »a aMli ojm

<'^ini bdwoft Jfiffi rt6li*i^?rt?m} Id *>hb ^sb 'rf;iW

»H’Tom brt* 0^15 «*iE9XJb»TbrtitfI * ‘vi/>i8> dinol«i bio j>di moii

bii* bfrtndiEVI ^msiiliV/ .nsdiEno^
•liBAV/ bn* bOclwoH qwJ rfiiw
-T^mua trli io aiofint^iq odJ ?i* gi^ilioid *vd aatidT . 90 i^ol
^:tirrio(b* bo* ciiii ni‘bini^l ^ oi won ^rnsn i*di.lo xl^rniJ euo
i^fUo nt brtfi ,«ndiiD->2 'wdib nc 2S Ibw ^ ,wiJnt/oD

n^inljs^ .H a3ni«l Im'l ,yioin.%i* 2x*b xf” ^nnuQ

bdiqnaoo. JIdv/ a* |rt9ff A fi^doSl lo bn* nsHtsaol lo noabnsT^
Mb 9 ri 88 yW* u ballft bn* ^oiiuliieni isrti ni vi*iio Ali*J *di
b^U*p siifivhq lo otidtiq rfdiriw oi noiii«oq isdio ywro
fit b-»iitdrini and oiiw .V/ .3 biawoH .no| eiH .miiC
ei yfitiow aid \o bci*‘8)ir^ »dl «u2*3fn Uni
uiii anolaiJ»t l>ii* IfinoiEfcdlonq d&rj^o fdi lu snilbft
4 ‘x*boi *ln*IiA lo,.^

iarii b*d I ,^o(« m

X*b i»ioiw * lo aiworf ^nin*w drii^fll
oi xioijrraqfnq *nifrt)m»djno2 *i<a/^A *di ni i*^*
.snMool '^fiB ,1I*J fi rtiriw ^dficHxdqoH ni ^rnofi yrii ot ^bh

well preserved man with a ministerial look on his open face
and w^ell dressed form, entered the coach and seating himself
near me began a railway conversation, which revealed to me
that after a break of thirty years and more I was renewing my
acquaintance with Lewis D. Palmer, of Nashville, Tenn., son
of “Uncle Jimmie” as he was familiarly known, and grandson
of Jonathan Palmer. Among the delightful reminiscences
with which he entertained me during our hour’s ride together
he gave me the following story of his grandfather, which I
place among these memories as a sort of offset to “Plankgate
Piety” and label it in the same alliterative way as


Jonathan Palmer, after leaving his home in North Caro-
lina, crossed the Savannah at old Petersburg, and after passing
through the fertile lands and virgin forests of Lincoln and
Columbia, by some strange perversity of business judgment,
located on the thin pine soil that borders the waters of Sandy
Run in Richmond county.
Though a Methodist by training and family tradition, he
found himself surrounded in his new home entirely by Baptist
neighbors, who were holding weekly religious services in one
of' God’s temples, unprotected from sun and rain, save by a
rude brush arbor. Jonathan joined in with them and when
they were about to suspend on account of the approach of
winter he suggested that they build a log church. The plans
met their approval, the material was cut and hauled, and when
the walls were finished and a shapely piece of timber had been
placed in partial position as a girder they suspended work for
the day. Frequent friendly spats as to doctrine had occurred
between Jonathan and his Calvinistic neighbors and as they
were about to separate for the night one of them pointing to
the shapely girder said: “That log was everlastingly pre-
destined from the beginning of time to lie on this church and
no other log could take its place.” “But,” said Methodist
Jonathan, “some one may come along here tpnight and cut
that log in two.” “It couldn’t be done,” was the reply. “The

a»qo aid no iool fniiMaiaim a Hliw ruun bvvttianq fhw
}b*^friri bn£ rioiiaoo ,ftno> b^^artb Ibw hn«
9m oi bol£979i rioiHw .noti^aiyyaco ^ ns^9d ten taon
Xm ^niwstw amv I atom bite «fi9x )i£9"id a i5iii laif^

roa ,.naatT .sirr/daa^^ lo ,i9cnUSi..Q «r//9J Hliw 93nclniaifp6t

noabncT^g bne ^ny^oa^ aa **ain|mH 9batJ** \o
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I ribnivr .i9nl£lhfljsi^ fid Vo viOJa ^niwoUoV 9ilj ym 9va^ 3 d
9JJ53>ln£lH“ ot j9a!to to noa A sa t^ho-ra^m 9«9rfi i^nocna Daalq

Iff v'ijL I
vsw.3^vft«T9jl4i£ »fflia 9tit m ii lidal has **YJ9i*l

.MzimvjAO aa? atauc zuoiauo'A

-oiaD limX m airi :^(ni ’/S 9 f t 9 iV£ .iooiIe^ m^ianoX
^rtiaaaq i 9 l}a bna ,^£T«Jai 9 t 9 *I Uo Js rfcnnavfiS 9 d} b^eaois .aniC
bnfi nlooniJ fa feiasiol bna tbnfil 3 rftd^aoiiD
.in 9 m^bu[ e« 9 fif«dd Vo x^iEiSTT^q 9^*ita 9moa v.d tSidmuIoD
fi .-

Xbna 8 lo najsv/ 9 ril ei 9 bTod inds fioe arciq nuls 3 di na b^ti-ool

. 5 ^ '
/rtnrjoo bnomrlr^lH ni na^
ari .noHiisjtil ^nin*sj1 \d uibodJ^tK a rl^vodT
JarlqaEjjX^J wad *»IH nf b^bnrfOTfija Vb«rriff bfrooV
* 9 rto ni eiiKW^H 9t ^otblorf ^ 3w orfw ,«iodr{^r 9<!
£ Xd ^V£g ,niai bna ni;;^ mm! b 3 ^:>9 roiqnD 4 « 9 lqm 9 t a*boO’to
nadw biir raudi rttiw m
b9 ttioi. nacJiuioX .lodTs litaid 3 bcff
)o dDBi>Tqqfi ^tii lo Jnuo:>0£ no bn 9 qan« oJ iaoda 9 i 9 w x^dJ
s.tulq 5 dT .rfyiurio 5|ol £ bliad r^d) Jaril b 9 te 9^n? 9 rf T95 mw
r>dw bna Uiioixm 9 dl Jfiyoiqqx ri^dl i 9 m
,b 9 luxd bnx fuo f.*w
a 99 d bad lidrnil Vo oo^iq vl^ada a bna badaind 519 jv aflaw 9dJ
lol yltov/ b^bn^qajiS' X^fh labiis £ gt HoMgoq faftraq ni bwafq
Mrirn^o bad ^n'M^oh oi kz ataqa x^bnwi^ In^wpyf*^ .Xxb ®dl
Xt>di ea bna rtodii^ion ^iTainivfaD eid bna' narfJanoX n^owt^d
oi ^hrthxi‘'m9rif io lil^rrr 9 dJ loV oi tuo4s 9 W?
,.r^ 9 iq esw ;gol ladT*‘ :bia« ubti^^x^^^da odJ
baa doiada aldj no y\l oi ^aut k> ^ninaigad odi moiV^^b^oilaab
jEiborilaM btaa 99 a!q e)l 95lat blj^yOji^f^iodVo^ <ht
Jio bna Jd^jlnc^ 9 i 9 d ^rtole oicco oco om<w** .ajt,^jiwioX^.
i 3dT” ,x^q9i odt aaw ”,om>b i'frbinoo tP* ni
Lord would palsy his hand.” They parted, and as they went
their several ways Jonathan said to his slave, Ed, who was
aiding in the work. “Take your axe and a pine torch tonight,
go back to that church, and cut that log in two, but hitch up
your team at daylight and have another piece of timber there
to take its place when we begin work.” Under the shadow I*

of the autumn night Ed carried out his orders faithfully and |

when the laborers met to resume their work, the shapely girder
lay on the ground cut into two sections and unfit for, its in-
tended use. The substitute was used and the work completed,
but no palsied hands were found in all that section, and the
incident so undermined the faith of the community that it
resulted in the establishment of old Ariel Methodist church,
that stood for many years near the scene of- Ed’s nocturnal
My friend, Lewis D., gave me an incident in his father’s
life while not directly connected with my story, may be
worthy of record in these annals for the moral that it bears,

On his annual visit to his father’s from his home in

Nashville, he found him planting an orchard and though

eighty-six years of age, setting the trees with his own hands, j

To his son’s inquiry “why are you planting an orchard when


you can have no hope at your age to gather fruit from it?” i

“I am not planting with any such purpose,” was the reply, !

“I am planting for those who come after me.” And then lean- !

ing on his spade he added “Lew, I want to give you two rules, j

one for working and one for living. A man ought to work as '

if he \vere going to live forever. A man ought to live as if he

were going to die tomorrow.” And his son as he finished the .

recital said to me “I have never known more moral wisdom


compressed into so short a space,” a statement which the

reader will scarcely feel disposed to challenge. Two months

later.Uncle Jimmie went to his long home, and I am sure few

gentler and purer, better men have ever breathed the air of
earth or found a warmer welcome at the gate of Heaven.
The log church just referred to was not the only one of
similar primitive architecture, that supi>4ied the spiritual needs
of the early settlers in this section. Contemporary with it and .

j^^w x^fb bflJi •*.bn«rf >siri >caUq bltrow bioJ
odw ,53 ,ovfite ttd oi bw^nsdij^rtol eysw Uidv^
,jit]ginot flDioJ sniq J5 hnt dxs WCiX ^nibU
qu flDiid iud .ov?t iii 30 Ici^ tuo bni? ,dy\ud.> UiiJ oi >hAd erg

isdJorrt i> /&d b«^ 3 b fv£9i luox

iddmh Jo ;»Udic|
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bfiB '^IlnidilcJ
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,b 939 tqnKX0 sItov/ »d3 bna bst^oj iBv?
3 dT .^eu bt)bnM

3 d; hns J^d3 Us oi biwfol aJ9w ^ibaBd b^izUq 00 Jnd

3i tBfii xilnlrtnmo-j »dJ io dils^ h?^nirm3bnL- oa 3n>bbnf

,doi»d3 38ibori3j>li(! briA bio Ut ir^rniUmsiz^ adJ oi baJJoMi

IsoiuiooQ s'b3 *Jo 9 rii i£9si booJa isdi
. .
V .Eiodjsl

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9 cl vfifti «x^o3* vfiT rf3iw bd 3 D 3 .‘nt*>of v^33sriib iqo

^Ifdw dDidw sJii
ni‘ bno-wx Jo xdJ'w^
.nJiid 3l iBcii Imom 3di loJ eljefinfi
ni 3 mod eid
rnoii a^TidiBi
bns biidyto bb ^nlJnaiq mid bmjoJ 3 d
«*d 01 Jhu hunns 3e£i

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n^riv; btfidoio n& -anfritRlq tro/ 51 B yq/wplti iJ'no* eM oT

"iJi moil 5rmJ lodta^ OJ iwov j£ »qrvd on ivBd obo dox
arl3 »«w ’'.oeoqiiW vna dtiw ^gnifnBtq Jon ms P'
^nsal ftisdJ baA ‘\3rfi 93^^00 od w oaodi loi ^niinsiq tvM V
.Bdlm o'ffi BOX ovi;g oi JriBv/ 1 b^bb* »d 9bsqa eid no ^gjw
6B d*?ow o3 Jri^uo num A lOJ ono bnB ^gniahov/ loJ 3no ^
ori J1 as svlT 01 Idgoo n^m .^!>V3^oi 9iii oi Jinlo^ ot 3W ori li

bnA ^.wonomol oib 03 snsw J

«di b^rfainft 3 d a« no« aid
mobarw ffrrorn »nom nwt*fni *i»v5it 3V£ri tarn oi bi««

orii rfoidw 3n9itT33BiH B ",3*>cq? fl tioda 09 o3ni, b^awqmoo * - '

owT 3:4 a->I!Bd:> oi b^i'-oqaib boJ yboiBoa Iltv/ labs^n

W3l »ioa mft r bfTfi .3frtod ^nbl ^lonU
aW isu
Jo lii; 3 di bwilBSid y 3 V 3 i3333d ,i3iuq
5 vsd bne
nom 9 iB 8 odi iB 3rtiu3i3vf n^mic w B-hm/oJ to diw
b3it3lyi d^ind^ :goI 3f(T
I 0 3110 vino Ofli ion ar-w oi i«t/i

«b 33 n ?Birthiq« 3 d 1 b^ilqqira i^di .3*3 0iB3)iil>iB ovhimiiq

bne 3f iiiiw .noima tidl t\\ ^3Hi3«
only a little removed from the present limits of our town, there
stood in those old days a hewn log church known in my early
boyhood by the rather contradictory title of “Old New Hope.” •

During the old days I enjoyed the friendship of a negro

preacher who always referred to his pulpit service as “offish-
uating.” The proximity of the church just named, and of “Old
Liberty,” to the residence of Robert Allen, furnishes pre-
sumptive evidence that at their sacred desks and within their
primitive but prayer hallowed walls, a large measure of his
own “offishuating” was done. I have in my possession an
old register of New Hope Church, compiled April 9th, 1833.
On one of its pages time stained and yellowed with age, there
is a record of the baptism of twenty-two of my grandfather’s

twenty-five children. For the first three entries, made for the
year 1812, my father among them. Rev. Robert Allen is named
as administrator of the ordinance. The latest similar record
with which his name is made for the year 1816.
connected is

Aside from his ministerial labors, Robert Allen was an

enterprising and successful man of affairs, owning a public mill
and gin propelled by an overshot wheel on a small stream near
his home. To this gin in those old days cotton was brought
from sections twenty miles away to be prepared for market.
Of the date of his death and the exact location of his
burial place, I am not advised, but after his second marriage
he moved to Columbia county, and somewhere within its soil
his dust has lain for all these years. No trace is left of his old
time home where he lived and labored a hundred years ago.
The busy clang of his ringing anvil and the drowsy hum of
his rumbling mill have long since died upon the woodland
air, and yet in the life and character of his descendants, noted

as they are for intelligence, integrity and moral worth, he

still lives and will live till earth is childless and time’s no


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xHw %m m nyfrotKil^nm^^mo\ «VAb bfo ^tU nl booJ«
*'.yqoH wH b!0** io Min ipol3?b«iino3 boorlxod
OTg^fT io qiH^brrtn)
fi drii I liifi gnhiiQ
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M0“ k» bn6 ,l«)£nan l?r>t <rrjf >o xiimixptq ddT
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Hi; ooi«M«^oq nl sviid* I .5f»ob *'^mBut\iFho'* txwo
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bsnkie 5 mi} a^lttq stt io 5no iiO
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5 (ft 7 o3 9 bnrn st2iTdj urfl loH .n^iblrdo 5vd-'^jjT5wJ
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ifi^aoid <i£w noT^oo axM> bio sti airft oT ^taoi eid
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lo mi/d x^woib bag livas ani;gnh aiii lo anjsb ^dl
bnfilb' ow^^drii »aoqti b^rb Mnta
jinol avcd Him ^addinin aid
b*»Jon ,aJnabn:>oaM> aixi lo i^jobibiId bns Mil arii ai j$x bn^ .it£
,dliov7 fg'tornpjbqj; yin^^jfrr io\ 9 i£ tg
00 a srnii bag aa^Iblid^ ai diig9 llfi 971I Iliw bna a^vib llita
j* ik-’-iiw »
When Oglethorpe left the English shores in 1736, on his
second visit to the Georgia colony, there came with him as
immigrants Nicholas Murphey and wife, who settled in the
then small village of x\ugusta. Nicholas served for five years
as a member of His Majesty’s Troop of Rangers and was
granted one acre of land in the town and 250 acres on the
river below Augusta. On November 24, 1745, the traditional
stork made them a visit, and brought to their home a boy, to
whom they gave the name of Edmund, and who by his own
claim was the first white male child born in Augusta. I was
not keeping a diary in those old days, and cannot therefore
certify to the absolute accuracy of this claim but from the

number of white males now resident in this goodly city, and

from the number who have made their entrance and their
exit for all these years, this accommodating bird seems to have
been kept reasonably busy in supplying prospecitve white
voters ever since baby Edmund headed the procession.
The boy grew up to manhood and married a Betsey Ann,
but of her further “trimmings,” as they are sometimes termed,
I am not advised. As the fruit of this marriage there was
born to Edmund a son, James, whose descendants are now
living in Augusta, and in the 1269th district of this county.
There was also one daughter, Nancy Ann, who became the
wife of Aaron Rhodes. As Edmund in later life married
Nancy Ann, the sister of the aforesaid Aaron, and as he gave
to a daughter by that marriage the name of Elizabeth x\nn,
it would indicate that among Edmund’s personal family hold-
ings there was abunch of exactly four Anns. This seems a
little unreasonable, and I have hard to figure out a dif-
ferent result, but the facts seem to be against me. At the
morning meal of an old-tfme family, who kept up the com-
mendable custom of requiring each of its members to repeat
a verse of Scripture, after the “grace” was said, two transient
guests once sat. The father asked the blessing, and then led
oflF, while the children, trained to the jiabit, followed without

a break, until the circuit of the table had been made, and the

dailsnS sqierfjslg'^
1 oo .fiftl'ni es-iorit
ol I^owm
niirf rikw, smo nvisis ,x«oto 3 *flJ

I ui bslJlM orf« .aViw

JJta.t^oA "*®
yoi bsvts* «*lori:>r/.
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ni brt*l i« ;>no bsm.ij
!, no 05® brt*' impl
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01 jdijuo>d Kf.« e m^rij
,vod s stnoii thd*
-tnwmfca io Smin »dJ v/^s modw
aid X<«,orf^* I’"*’

p., “"laao^iA nr tjiod l.tM? »l»*n

art* «w miala
rol 9 T>dl Jon «*3 bn® ,€X*b
bio >«odl nl
eidJ lo xsewxm »Jirlo«d« sdt oJ 'dmoo
iTi moil Jud iiRifib
w^tosya^i won wlfin oUriw lo ladmnn
nR^'.vtio vjbo'oa «idj
»ved odw fisdmon i>ril moil
9di bn® sonfiiJna -tisdi^sbsfn
aid} oesdJ (I® iol Jut*
Vfiri 01 smsoe biid^jriiicbo^too*
'Cldfino*®« iq»>l
>triw »vjio 9 <}aoiq ?nitlqqP« «' 't**'**
bnua^ba y,d«d aonta i»v 9
jioiaasooiq sdirjbsbssd
yaatoQ B"b»m»m' bn« fcoo.Insm ol q«
«9riJ 9^ir.«.m « 54»
*A .baarvb* ion m»l *ii-'
7011 91* 8}nfibm»3»b saoriw
.aam*! ,noe « btiuml >3 01 n-^
vlnooo aidl io whtaib 'ri}C-:^f adl
tr! b«* ,cl*tiiuA nUnijH
9m®3Mf‘odw,,nBA ^nsV! .^MdsOCb srro oats'MW owdT ^


«hijim slit «itl jJi bnumba aA, .earx>d« rnmA lo »liw

tv®s ad aiW
-ooibA biueaTOU'sri) lo lalaw id!
s o) • ^
jinA di»dstil3 lo 9rn®n sdJ.ssJsmBm

bloH yfirasl latmeioq abmimbS

^gnomB led) slsajbni bloow ll
'^ni ^
u a!dT .«nA -mol
.sldEuoMsinw shiii
•tib 6 ino yrtiiil '»} bifid bail! r/r.d 1 bnfi
adl lud .lloa*! inanol
«!}iA im rtniBS® jd 0) ».»w aJofil

y^^-Wo n® 10 kam 8ni"X.m
-mo3 adl.qu lq*d o.!w .xiim«l
e«o 14119 aldfibojin
US&91 Ol ai 9d'«’"> 8li lo dira’ aimropsi lo ^
ad4'«}lfi .siiHqiioB lo saiw is^ J
inaiansri owl .bka gfiw “}>ii3*'

bal Mrii bfl(t .pniaapid srli

bsJae ladJBi adl .1*8 *Dno i ai^
.liderf. »dl oJ tenisil .anWiris adJ irliilw
,J*9 id *
atlJ bn* «aad bad a!d*» aril lo li»y»b »dl blno
guests were reached. The responded promptly with, “And

Peter went out and wept bitterly.”The other ransacked his

brain in vain for a familiar shred of Holy Writ; but his Bible
knowledge at that particular juncture was filed away in the
column of unavailable assets. Finally, to break the oppressive
silence, and redeem his waning reputation he decided to en-
dorse the last quotation made, and mentally referring to Peter’s
penitential tears, he smiled and said, “He sho’ did.” And so, in
canvassing the evidence pro and con, as to whether Edmund
Murphey really had this multiplicity of Anns in his family
household, I am compelled to believe that “he sho’ did.”
Some years ago the public mind, mathematically inclined,
was puzzling its wits to solve a problem whose main objective
point was voiced in the query, “How old was Ann?” I do not
know that the problem found its birth in the conditions named
above, but if Edmund had ever tried to solve it, it would have
surely vexed his worried brain to know which Ann was
The first installment of his matrimonial life was marred
in some degree by seven years’ effort of the colonies to leave
the maternal roof and set up housekeeping for themselves.
He enlisted in the American army, was captured by the British,
or Tories, was imprisoned in Fort Grierson, and afterwards
in Fort Augusta, and was only released when the last named
Fort was captured and its garrison surrendered to Pickens
and Lee in 1782. During his incarceration in Fort Grierson,
Col. Brown, the Tory commander, in retaliation for the mur-
der of a British officer after his surrender, ordered twelve of
the prisoners hanged on the stairway of the fort. Edmund
must have been a man of some shrewdness, for havingno special
desire to have any part or lot in that matter, he quietly hid
away in the cellar of the building until the drawing was over.
But for this evidence of his thorough acquaintance with the
law of self-preservation, he might have had no part or lot in
this story.
When the war had ended, Edmund, for Revolutionary
service,was granted in 1784 a section of land; and in further
evidence of his good sense, he located in this community.

brA"* .djrw tsifl sHT .b^dDsyi tj«9u;g
bs>f3£an|t laito «rr jqsw b«* Juo Jrr^w
aldifl atrf jjhW x^^'H >o"hanHa ‘ifiifimsl j; lol ntu*/ tti nind
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nvijo^ido ftUm 98ioj!w (siildo^q s svloa oi e5iw sir ^nils^aq ssw
ton ob I '*^ttftA ifjKwr b(o woH‘* •X'^^up »tft nr b^oiov e£W insoq
b^msn etiohibuo'y ;>d| nr diiid sli bnno^ m^Idoiq 5tfi isdt woosl
avid bluowld ,5i ^tIqs oi byhi 'wva pMd bqurabE li lud ,9vods
e«w nnA ^dpirfw won?l o5 nlAid b^inow aid boxsv x^^"****
im ,
b^ncm ajrw alff jombism &id lm5n9fnH£5cni
liti 5«ifl ^ifT
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.«57bafH5ri> io^ §fifq»‘?d5feirorf qi> m bcus locn kmfjtam 5 H 7
,ffei5h3 5dj yd ^w.xrnia nAoii^rnA ods nJ b^laiho »H
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b>tnca l^jcl yd5 il^iw LdaB!>b*r (bo «£w bns ?io*^ ni

, «n3)lvi^ oJ byi‘»bn^'ritfp no8hi£^ eir bns byii/iqs 8£w lyo*^ j

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7 . -V '

bfiwmbH p^tiol 5ri5 b^^x^wri«5a 9rf5 no bv^iitrl fnanoaiiq ^5

Ifif5yq% <
‘fticinivErf io},a«^nb'^*»da 9moa 10 uBm £ n*^d sv£/f )«ofn
brri v(5f»iMp di! .lytlsm Jcitl n# Jof iO 5i£q x^^J® 9iie9b
.jT/i> any/ ^niwin5> ytl5 liinr; >j/>iblrnd ydl )o *i£Uyo a^riJ ni X*'^*
idi dliT? 35ri£5fri£afy;>j5 rfj^uo7Qd5>errf ^onMvo nidi lol Jufl
nr Sol 10 jinq on bfiri avcd 5dgim sd ,noiiBy;^9S9i^U98 lo wal
! . .yio5« etd5

Yi£noTttf1ovfi5I 7ol ,bnnrnb3 .bibri^ barf tcw 9(fx
7^f{Mir> nr bnfi ibnBl )o noiiw c til b^in£j^ c£W^,3>hr%5e
XiimrfntfiOD aid5 ni bstax)! »r! .98Bi>a boo^ eirf k> at:wab^.
building his home within the present limits of our town. This
home, with its landed estate, now known as the “Old Murphey
Place,” has remained in the possession of Edmund’s de-
scendants for all these years, and is now owned by his great-
grandson, Dr. Eugene E. Murphey. About the date of this
landgrant the Rhodes contingent consisting of Aaron, Abso-
lom, their sister Nancy, and probably their cousin John Rhodes,
came to this county from North Carolina. Nancy must have
been a comely maid, for she had lived in her Georgia borne
but a little while when Edmund Murphey persuaded her to
become his second wife. As Mormon elders had not begun
missionary operations in this section at that date, it is hardly
necessary for me to say that his first wife was not then living.
This marriage occurred February lo, 1785. Some years later
Aaron Rhodes, in order to recoup himself for the loss of a sis-
ter Nancy, married Edmund Murphey’s daughter Nancy,
and thus matrimonial matters between the families were
evened up. This marital exchange seems to have developed
in the family and its connections a sort of hereditary mania,
or idiosyncrasy, on the subject of Nancys, Absalom^ Rhodes,
brother of Aaron, gave the name to one of his daughters, while
Nicholas, son of Edmund, and grandson of Aaron, aside from
having a mother, sister, daughter and granddaughter of the
same name, married two Nancys, though not at one and the
same time.
The writer disclaims very earnestly entertaining any per-
sonal grievance against the name of Nancy, for in other years
his life was blessed by the love of an aunt, who bore that name,
and who, like many of her sex, similarly cTiristened, belonged
to “the salt of the earth.” And yet if I were a young man, and
unmarried, and were looking out for some confiding woman,
whose tender ministrations would bless my home, and whose
gentle hands would darn my socks, and comfort my declining
years, it does seem to me that there would be at least some
slight inclination to draw the line at Nancy Ann, and Samantha
Jane, unless of course there were extenuating circumstances.
With a vocabulary of such names as Ruth and Esther,
(Mary and Martha, Ethel and Agnes, and others of like euphony

*IrfT .nwoJ loo lo slimH in»«nq nirifw smorf litl snibliud

\srfqiuM' bJO“ aril as nwotnl won .9tSJ*9 babnsi eii dlrw^.awod

b»tiis^in»T esrf ",wstT
-ob e'bnombil Jo no«e»eao<i adJ ni
»* -"jJ itosbmoa
-J£ 9 i 3 eid x<* bsnwo won «i bos .aisav,
3 snoaoS .in .noebilai*
eiriJ lo 9 Jsb sril JoodA
aril inergbosl
-oadA .fioisA lo sni3*i«iKo )ti >snilno3 gsborfH
utai* ii*rii .mot
ijrifcuoo lisilj ylriistknq bns
.eaboriH nriot
.snilotsD rlnoK moil Timios sirit ol »ms3
oviri laatti xwbVI
beri aria wJ ,t.Um xlsmoo s nasd
xnori, iSs-ioaO «ri ni
babBoeisq variqpioM hnombS nsriw alirfa/ stlliC » ind
01 lari
nrrg^tf iott bcil 8*rt>bb rniimic?}/.
bnoojz «rf
«i etiiilsiaqo-
XlbiSi) si ji ,aJst> isriJ'lB'noitsiH'airil
\se ol 9tn lol tifisw^an
anivU o9rii JOB asw alW/ faift sJri IsrfJ

iMsl 81S9X amo2 2«ti .01 vistndaM teTitioso aashtsm sufT

ioHlr>«rntd nt .esborf^ notsA
quow oi
-zls B io a«ol
bnumbS bshism .ronsVI lal
iXans’/ i 9 lria««b «’i^»ri<p«J4
isinomhlSm sorfl bns
519 W soiiimsl aril, naswiad sialism
baqolavsb 9 vsri.‘o* «m99e agnsrioxa klhsm striT
.qu bsnanra

sineni xisl'bsisiJ *o • saoilaaitrios ui bns xt'md »ril tii

.'vstnrrisoibi •»
«boriH tnolssdA .sxansy Vb foatritie aril no
aril ayBJ .noisA «o isriloid
sliriw ,»-ralri 3 Ucb siri lo ano oi
lo oos .ssicmam
mcnl abisB ,oc«sA lo m^bncTj bn* ,brtumb3
.lariiom s jnivsri
aril lo lalfhgtisbbnsT!) bn* larrfgusb .TaJeis
.axons’-^ Owl^bainejti .amsn amss
sri: bns ano is loo riguoril
.amll amae
amkbeib laliiw ariT
-laq xos sninislialna xijsam**
aanswain fsrt^
nsax’iarilo nl loi .{Mislri lo amsn aril Isrtis?*

io »vol 9ilJ «« // ?rn

JisrfJ 5iod oiiw ,lnu8
baanolad .bir.jlsbita xhat'"'** ,xas lari lo \nem
aritt .oriw
aril lo lie* aril ol
bns .nsm sniiox s »">»w I li lax bnA "nDisa
bits .batnsmno
•^.nsmow anlbaooa amo« lol luo •snofool oiaw
labnat aeorivr
asoriw bns .amod \m esaid bluow enotistuintm
bluo/i ebnsd aDoaaf
atimilaab x<« nolntoa bns .adaoe xm «vt«b
amoe Jesal is ad bloow anaril Is* am ol maa? eaob ti .,nsn
crimsmsS bns ,nnA w«tb at noltsnibni IriatU
vanairi is anil aril
saansismioiia gnilsunalxa aiaw aiariJ asiqoa lo esalnn .an*l
lo ®
.lailisH bns dl«a es «anun rian*
hna farii3 .trinsM bn* wif
ynoriqua ailil lo narilo bns .eangA
and sweetness at their command, I have been at a loss to un-
derstand why these old-time people, sensible as they were,
in other matters, should have been willing to burden and alflict
their helpless and innocent offspring with some of the names
they were compelled to bear through life, for names, like
postage stamps and porous plasters, stick.
In a record of the ‘'Old Colony Walkers” of New England
I 10 Mercys, 7 Mehitables, 6 Patiences, 5 Wealthys, 4
Comforts, 3 Keziahs, 2 Experiences, i Thankful, i Rejoice, i
Relief, i Mandaua, i Diadam.a, and
i Hephzibah, with several

precincts to hear from. In evidence of the fact that the

Murphey famdly did not enjoy an absolute monopoly of the
Nancys in that day, I find on this record twenty-two bearing
that name, some of them plain Nancys, some of them with an
attachment, two of them Nancy Tituses, who were probably
also “plain.” And now in justice to the Nancys past, present
and to come I desire to say that in my humble judgment the
name in comparison with some appellatives that were common
in Other days is as my friend Tom Pilcher would say, “Not
only a daisy but a regular geranium.” Some years ago there
fell into my hands a batch of old letters written to my grand-

father and running in date from 1806 to 1845. Among the

items gleaned from them I found that among my own tribe
on that particular line there had been a Peninah, an Azariah
and others of like handsome and rhythmical nomenclature.
A fair young relative who had in some way contracted a
rather serious type of the D. A. R. fever wrote to me for some
information as to her Revolutionary antecedents and in re-
ply I told her that with a family tree whose branches bore such
fruitage her chances for admission surely ought to grade “Strict
Middling.” Artemas Ward once stood behind the footlights
on a London stage to deliver his famous panorama lecture.
Having unbounded faith in the skill of the artist whose hands
had traced the canvas he pointed to a figure on its pictured .

face and said “That figure is intended to represent a horse


—that is I think it is.” To any reader therefore who may be

unable to trace the connection, logical or illogical between

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.aiiitpal £/T)£ioii£q anomal aid lavllab
oi p^&je nobacKl m no
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adJ baa£iJ bad
u>-iOii £ inara-nqai oi babnajni ti aiugli JjidP* bi*a lm£"ao£i :

ad yam oiiw rrolaiadi labari yna oT *Vgi t? dnidt I at

naawJad laargolli to laaigoi ,<iwioa/too3 aili-aa*iij‘^‘dl aidsABt i
what have just written and the story I am telling it may
not be amiss to say that itis probably intended as a digression.

The dividends from Edmund Murphey’s second matri-

monial investment were larger than from his first, aggregating
five boys, Nicholas, Alexander, Leroy, John and Edward; and
five girls, Elizabeth Ann, (Evans), Levicy (Hull), Mary or
‘Tolly” (Rheney), Maria (Brown), and Harriet, who died in
1829, unmarried. Taking the sons in order given, Nicholas,
who waning days of 1785 came as a Christmas gift to
in the
his parents, was married February 7, 1805, to Nancy
Collins. By this marriage there came to Nicholas two
sons, Milledge and Moses C., and seven daughters, Sarah
(Clark), Elizabeth,Mary (Daniel), Levinah (Avret), Nancy
(Rheney), Jane and Martha (Daniel). Moses C. lived but a
few months, and Elizabeth and Jane were never married.
March 20, 1819, Nancy, first wife of Nicholas, died, and May
20, 1820, he was married to Nancy Carswell, daughter of
John, and granddaughter of Alexander and Isabella Carswell,
who came to Georgia from Ireland in or about 1770, and who
were the progenitors, not only of the Hephzibah contingent
of that name, but of many other contingents in many other
sections of the State.
By his second marriage the family of Nicholas was in-
creased by the addition of four sons, Edmund T., John C.,

John C. No. 2, the first having lived only a few months, and
Nelson Wright, and two daughters, Caroline Elizabeth, who
lived only a few years, and Elizabeth Ann, who married Need-
ham Bullard.
Among the descendants of Nicholas through his son Mil-
ledge areMoses C. Murphey, Julian, Weems and Curtis Smith
of Augusta and their several families. . Sarah, who married
Charles Clark, had only sixteen children, three of whom
survive. One of these, Rev. Milton A. Clark, has been labor-
among the Indians for more than twenty
ing as a missionary
years. Other descendants by the last marriage are. Dr.
Eugene E. Murphey and Geo. S. Murphey of Augusta, Ell-
wood Murphey of Atlanta, Jno. M. C. Murphey of Hephzibah,


snilbJ ms I s'** nsJlhw J»oi *v*rf I isdw

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bns faiawbH bns 'Wdoil
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.(vaoaria) "xlloq**
ni baib oriaf ^laiticH bafi, jnwoia^
.eaioriaiVl .oaVig Tabio ai A«oa ari* a«>5**'** bainemau ,<?s8i

*s>n>m lo neb Sninsw ni oriw

oj Ilia HiitaehtO t
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eid) wiilldD
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bes .ndoX
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, K*.'
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Lf' i
and Mrs. Ella Salter of Tampa, Fla. The limitations of these
records forbid fuller specializing.
As a local minister of the Methodist churph, Rev. Nicholas
Mnrphey rendered able, earnest and faithful service to his
[Master. He was a strict constructionist of Mr. Wesley’s “Gen-
eral Rules,” evidence of which has been already given in the
“Plankgate” incident. On a trip to Atlanta thirty years ago
and more, I chanced to get a seat in the railway coach just in
the rear of Rev. Lovick Pierce, D. D., the Nestor of Georgia
Methodism. The word “picnic” was used by some one in
the car, and the Dr. said : “I never hear that word without
thinking of old Nickie Murphey of Richmond county. After
a social occasion of this kind in his community, he preached on
the succeeding Sabbath, and after dw^elling at some length on
the sin of worldly amusements, he closed with this climax
T understand you have all been picknicking it. Yes, you can
picnic now, but some of these days “Old Nick” is going to

pick you.’
Rev. E. R. Carswell, Sr., once gave me the following il-

lustration of another “curious cure,” but not for Calvinism

in this case. During Gov. Wm. Schley’s administration of the
Richmond Factory Plant, “Uncle Nickie” had occasion to
visit his office. The governor, seeing an inflamed wart on the
preacher’s hand, said : “Mr. Murphey, if you will follow my
directions, you can cure that wart. As you ride home, stop
at the first smooth pebble you see in the road, rub its under
side over the wart, make a cross mark in the road, deposit the
pebble carefully in the cross and then drive away without
looking backward.” The preacher had probably but little
faith in the prescription,but took the medicine according to
directions, and when he saw Gov. Schley again, two weeks
later, the unsightly protuberance had gone “where the wood-
bine twineth.”
Uncle Nickie’s ministerial labors embraced an “appoint-
mert” at Richmond Factory and probably at New Flope and
Liberty churches, with an occasional service at the old
Brothersville Academy. After serving his generation by the
wii; of God, he fell on sleep Jan. 8, 1853. Flis wife survived


o«Mtj lo enoiUJimil 5riT .alH .jMjmfiT lo fiII3. .ft*iM bn«''


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him for sixteen years, dying May 23, 1869. They both sleep
in the old Murphey burying ground, near Hephzibah, but on
the stones that mark their graves, in deference to the wishes
of the dead, no line or letter has been traced or carved to tell

who lies beneath.

Alexander, second son of Edmund, was not a strong be-
liever in single blessedness, having taken the oath of allegiance
matrimonially on three separate occasions. His first marriage,
to Elizabeth Kinlow, brought no olive plants to grace or bless
his home By his second marriage, to Eliza-
or hearthstone.
beth, daughter of Robert Allen, there came to him two sons,
Robert and William, and a daughter, Frances. After the
death of Elizabeth, and the conventional widowerhood had
passed, forgetting the advice given by Mr. Weller to his son
“Samivel,” he married Margaret, the widow of Henry Seaborn
Jones, one of the numerous tribe of that name, who trace with
some degree of pride their lineage back to “Sweathouse
Peter,'’ for whom Petersburg, Va., is said to have been named.
When their union occurred, Margaret had already to her credit
as a legacy from her first marriage, four sons, William, Thom-
as, P>att and Henry Drummond, and three daughters, Grace
Sarah and Henrietta. The union of the parents started the
matrimonial ball to rolling, and its revolutions never ended
until all the marriageable material in the two batches of
children had been exhausted. William Jones married Frances
Murphey, and Robert Murphey married Grace Jones, and after
her death married her sister Henrietta, and William Murphey
married Sarah Jones, whose gracious presence still today
abides among us. as I write these simple annals, as a symbol
and a token of the sweetness and the fragrance of the times
that seem so olden, and the years that were so golden, and
the days that are no more.
A father was Once urging his son to marry, while the
latter did not seem to take kindly to the idea. “When I was
no older than you are,” said the father, ‘T married your
mother, and I think you ought to marry.” “But. said the
•'on. "that was different: you married ma right here at home,

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and rd have to go off and marry some strange gal.” The
conditionsnamed above certainly relieved William Jones and
Robert and William Murphey of the unpleasant necessity of
going off to marry “some strange gal.”

Two children were born to Alexander and Margaret,

after their marriage, Margaret, who married William Womack,
and Caroline, who died in her early womanhood. Leroy, son
of Edmund", married Lucinda Brown, and lived between
Hephzibah and Story’s mill. Three sons and three daughters
were born to them, John M., Emerson, Leroy, Isabella (Hlllis),
Sophia (Powell), and Maud Alice (Ratcliffe). Mrs. John W.
Hillis, daughter, and Mrs. O. B. Stoughton, granddaughter,
are now living in Augusta.
To Charles Rheney and his wife, “Polly” there came ten
children: John W., who married Nancy Murphey, and after-
wards Mary Eleanor Clark, Elisha A., who married Julia
Rhodes, Frederick, who married Nancy Moore, Edmund, who
married Martha Denham, Levicey (Rogers), Mary Ann
(Cook), Rosa (McNair), Lucinda (Agerton), Amanda (Duke)
and Harriet, who never married. Many descendants of “Polly”
through her numerous offspring are now living in Richmond,
Burke, Jefferson and other counties of this and other States.
Robert Evans and Elizabeth Ann, his wife, had only two
children, Marcus, who married Emeline Palmer, daughter of
Jonathan Palmer, by his second marriage, and ^lary J., who
married first William T. Malone, son of Robert, and after-
wards John H. Rhodes, son of John A. Their children and
grandchildren may be found at Bartow, Wadley, and in other
sections of Jefferson, and at Tennille, in Washington county.
Edmund Murphey December lo, 1821, and Nancy,
his wife,August Their bodies rest in the old bury-
12, 1825.
ing ground near his old home, and on their graves there are
lying today stones, the counterpart of which I have never
seen on any other graves in all the land. Quarried in old
time coffin outlines from a granite boulder that lies only a
mile away, and weighing each a ton or more, they rest the
full length of the graves, with seeming intent to bar a possible

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resurrection of the sacred dust that has lain so still beneath
their massive weight for all these years.
Edmund’s generation of many names forms a material
share of the present population of this section of the State,
adding largely to its thrift,, its intelligence, its good citizen-
ship, its business integrity, and its moral and religious tone.
And now with the blood of these old-time people trickling
through the veins of my wife and children, with personal
knowledge in early life of four of them who bore these names,
and with kindly reverence for them all, why have I empha-
sized this Ann and Nancy feature of these records?
A story given me by my old friend and comrade, W. J.
Steed, may illustrate the reason. An old time negro, who
had been in the service of a prominent Augusta family for
years, came into the office to make his tax returns. In the
conversation that ensued, he told myPhunie that he
had found a large snake coiled in a nest where his hens were
laying. When the intruder had been despatched it was found
that he had gulped down not only the fresh eggs, but the
porcelain nest egg as well, and the old man, with a twinkle
in his honest eyes, said : “Speck he would a found that chiny
aig right hard to injest.”
So this little side line or by play has been interjected as
a sort of mental peruna to aid the readers in “injesting” the
genealogical meals my pen is trying to furnish. And now in
winding up the matter not only sine die, but forever and a day,
I am glad to give it a happy and fitting climax. On the day
in which my tribute to the Anns and Nancys met the public
eye there came to bless the home of my young friend, John
E. Murphey and his charming wife, a baby girl, the great,
great, great-grandaughter of Edmund Murphey. Her little
brother, six years old, was so delighted with her advent that
he went out to make announcement to the world, and when
the question came, “What are you going to name her?” he
promptly answered “Nancy Ann.”

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Elisha Anderson was probably an earlier resident of this
community than any of those to whom special reference has
been made in these records, save Thomas Walker. Between
the years 1757 and 1774 James Anderson was granted a section
of land in Richmond county, and between 1764 and 1774 simi-
lar headrights were taken out by James and Elizabeth Ander-
son in Burke county. The frequent recurrence of these two
names among the descendants of Elisha Anderson and the ;

ownership by him of landed estates in both of the counties

named indicate very strongly that he was the son of this James
and probably the nephew of Elizabeth. A hundred years ago
and more Elisha lived near what is now known as the Miller
Spring in our town and not far away from the site of the
present residence of our townsman, Frank W. Carswell. I
know very little of this earlier resident’s characteristics, but
his record shows that he entertained a very high regard for
what is known as the better half of creation, having married
four different and distinct times. His first wife was either
sister or daughter of Eleazor Brack, whose dust has lain en- !

tombed in the old Allen graveyard since Oct. ii, 1801. By

this marriage there was only one child, Elizabeth, who became |

the wife of Robert Allen. His second marriage to Miss.Cald- j

well seems to have been barren of any issue. Flis third wife

was the widow of William Rheney, and was originally Mary


Holzendorf, whose parents lived in Glynn county and were


probably descendants of German Salzburghers, who came over

with Oglethorpe 1736 and settled at Frederica, St. Simons
and other points on the Georgia coast. By her first marriage
Mrs. Rheney had three sons, John, William and Charles, and
a daughter who married John Devine. My friend, Rev.
George Smith, in his Story of Georgia gives the name of ;

William Rheney in the list of settlers, who were granted

headrights in Burke and Jefferson counties between the years
1783 and 1788. This was probably the William who married
Mary FTolzendorf, and who I am informed by his grand-
daughter Mrs. Vicie Rogers of Wrens, Ga., came to Georgia

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ima ,,

from 'Virginia. To Elisha Anderson his wife Mary bore three
sons,. James, Elisha and Augustus and a daughter, Rosa.

James Andersen married first Sarah Bradley, to whom the

following children were born James, Augustus, John, Mary,

Elizabeth, Rosa, William and Lawrence, the last two dying

in childhood.
By Malvina Kinlow there were
his second marriage to
first named being
three children, Ella, Susan and Martha, the
the only one who survived her childhood years and reached
James Jr., son of James by his first marriage, married
Julia W. Clinton, of Burke county, who bore to him one
daughter, Mary, who is now living in Augusta.
After the
death of James Jr., his widow, Julia, was married to Gen.
James Barnwell Hayne, to whom she bore one son, Linwood
C. Hayne, now the popular and efficient president of the Na-
tional Bank Augustus H. Jr., son of James, mar-
of Augusta.
ried Susan, daughter of Augustus H. Anderson, Sr., and their
children, Martha, Howard and James now live in Burke coun-
ty, Cora (Shewmake), the eldest, having died some years ago.
Their mother still survives at a good old age.
John and Mary, children of James, died unmarried in
early manhood and womanhood. Rosa V., was married to J.
Jones Reynolds and* her surviving children, Foster, Joseph
and James, are living in Burke county. J. Jones was so well
pleased with his first wife that after her death he married her
sister, Lizzie W., who survives him, and is now living in
Waynesboro, Ga. Ella E., daughter of James, was married to
Rev. J. O. A. Clark, D. D., and she and her children are now
residents of Macon, Ga.
Elisha Anderson, Jr., married Jane Mc-
son of Elisha Sr.,

Cullers. My who seems to have an unlimited

friend Steed,
supply of illustrative stories, once told this A lady was asked

the number of her children and after the information was

given there followed this additional inquiry: “WhaL are
they?’* ‘‘Mostly boys and girls,” she replied. Elisha Ander-
son’s offspring seems to have differed from this descriptive
family catalogue as they were not only “mostly,” but entirely.
Pi. oT .uinrgiiV* moil
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9 -/iX(h 3«9 fa airlj.'^moil baisliib ayerf oi traas^ gnhqelSo ,
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,„« — ^ -
girls.They were four in number, Sarah, who was married to
Edmund B. Gresham Harriet, who married Henry D. Green-

wood; Rosa, who married Elisha Harris, and Louisa, who died
unmarried. Some further notice of these families will be
given in the Brothersville feature of this story.
Augustus H., son of Elisha Sr., married Sarah Jones, and
two daughters came to bless their union, Martha, who was
married to Moses P. Green, son of Jesse, and Susan, w^ho has
been already named as the wife of Augustus H. Anderson, Jr.
Two children were born to Martha and Moses P. Green;
George, who married Kate Thomas, and Edward, who married
Fulcher. Rosa, daughter of Elisha xA.nderson, Sr.,
was first married to John ^^lorrison, to whom she bore a son,
Robert, and a daughter, Sarah (Dowse). After the death of
her first husband she became the wdfe of Dr. Baldwin B. Mil-
ler, a Virginian, who came to Georgia in one of the early

decades of the last century, and after his first marriage lived
for a time at the old Elisha Anderson home in our town. Tw'O
children were born of this marriage, Baldwin Jr., and a daugh-
ter, Frances, who married Henry J. Schley. After Rosa’s
death Dr. Miller married Cornelia, daughter of Rev. Joseph.
Dr. Miller, after his residence at the old Anderson home,
lived for a time at Mount Enon, then in Burke county, re-
turning in his later years to Hephzibah, where his last days
were spent and where his widow and two daughters Lavinia
(Carswell) and Lula (Frost) now reside. The Dr. was a
skillful physician, an eminently successful planter, a man of
exceptional energy and business sense and accumulated during
his long life a large landed estate.
Elisha Anderson, Sr., after the death of his third wife,
married a Miss Womble, who bore him one daughter, Virginia
P. After Elisha’s death his widow married a Mr. Danforth
and spent her later years in Alabama. Virginia first married
Dr. Edward Hughes, brother of Judge William W. Hughes,
and son of Capt. Henry Hughes, who served as an officer
through the Revolutionary War. Capt. FTughes belonged to
the order of the Cincinnati, organized by the American of-

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war and there is now in possession
ficers after the close of the
of his grandson,Benjamin S. Hughes, the original certificate
of membership handsomely engraved and signed by “G. Wash-
ington, President.” Dr Edward tiughes lived only a year or
two after his marriage and his young and handsome widow
became the wife of Col. A. C. Walker. Elisha, Sr., died and
was buried at his Burke county home where his great-grand-
son, Foster Reynolds, and his family, now live. Some future
reference will be made to his three sons in the Brothersville
period of these records.

it»i«ajn» Isnia^w 91(1 .e^r^dt«W .2 iriwsiMa .ndtbnirq «il lo
b«wb3 ->0 Mnsbiejig ,nol^t
;™SN*ji¥ itWa airf wn* owi
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ban b»ib r«ri*i'^3-

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f *5?
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Rev. Patrick H. Mell, D. D., learned, and witty, and wise,
and probably in his day the most distinguished exponent of
the Baptist faith in Georgia, once said to himself, if he failed
to say aloud, asSimon Peter once did, “I go a fishing.” The
genial D. D. was amply able mentally to row his own boat or
paddle his own canoe, but on this particular occasion, not
wishing to be handicapped in his enjoyment of the sport, he
engaged a rustic citizen living near his fishing ground to pad-
die for him. His companion for the day proved to be rather
a garrulous individual and entertained the doctor with many
“wise saws and modern instances,” chiefly of an autobiograph-
ical character. But a single shred of that discourse has sur-
vived the wear and tear of time, and as reported by Dr. IMell
to my friend, W. J. Steed, it was couched in the following
words: “I was born mostly in Emanuel county.”
And now what on earth has this incident to do with the
story of Absalom Rhodes? Only this, that after exhausting
all available sources of information, weighing the evidence and

giving the defendant the benefit of the doubt, I have been

unable to decide positively whether Absalom was born
“mostly” Georgia or “mostly” in North Carolina.
My Richard H. P. Day, John H. and Absalom
Rhodes, all grandsons of Absalom, Sr., unite in giving me the
traditional information that the latter came from North Caro-
lina to Richmond county, and Judge Day fixes the date at
1765 or 1770. A
recent inspection of the stone that marks the
grave of Absalom and of a transcript from the family Bible of
his daughter, Mrs. Nancy Loyless, has convinced me beyond
a peradventure that the 1765 theory will not hold water, for
the reason that Absalom did not make his advent into the
world until five years later, April 8, 1770. It also renders it
rather improbable that he should have been wandering around
this section in long dresses and before he had cut his teeth,
prospecting for a place to plant his baby feet in 1770. Even
at the date of his sister Nancy’s marriage to Edmund Murphey

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'A; L fj'K,
inFebruary, 1785, he had not completed his fifteenth year, and
givingNancy reasonable time after her arrival in Georgia to
make the acquaintance of her neighbors, time to sit up at
night by the light of a tallow candle during her courting days,
time to consider Edmund’s proposal and time to “make her
clothes” for the wedding, and it would reduce Absalom’s age

to twelve or thirteen years. This seems rather early in the

then unsettled state of the country, for a boy to be rambling
around several hundred miles from home, looking for a job.
And, as Mr. Dooly would say, “so there you are.” The reader
has as much right to a guess as to the real facts in the matter
as the writer, and he is at liberty to draw his own conclu-
I do not know that it will throw any light on the matter,

but it is perhaps not amiss to add in this connection that

headrights were granted in ante-Revolutionary days to Samuel
and William Rhodes in St. Georges Parish, now Burke and
Jefferson counties, and that John Rhodes, possibly the “John”
already named as the father of Lewis was a Revolutionary
soldier from this State.
And now whatever may have been the place of Absalom’s
nativity he was for the first three decades of the last century
a vefy living entity and a very prominent factor in the busi-
ness and official life of Richmond county. He lived for a time
at the corner of Greene and Jackson streets where the engine
house now stands. In 1808 and ’09 and again in 1812 and ’13
he was sheriff of the county and lived at the old jail building,
corner of Broad and Center. During the last named term
James Murphey, son of Edmund by his first marriage and
great-grandfather of W. J. Murphey, now in similar service
with Gen. John W. Clark, was appointed by Absalom, deputy
From1818 to 1822 and again from 1829 to 1836, he served
as judge of the inferior court for this county. He was as-
sociated in that service with such prominent citizens as Val-
McTyre, John and Abraham Twiggs,
entine V’alker. Holland
Samuel Hale and Edward Thomas. This court had control
not only of the administration of county affairs, but dis-

1 I
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charg'cd the duties of the present court of ordinary and ex-
ercised large judicial powers in the litigation of civil cases.
In addition to these public services rendered by Absa-
lom he was a member of the General Assernbly, serving both
at Louisville and Milledgeville, former Capitals of the State.
I made an effort to secure through my old classmate and war

comrade, Prof. Joseph T. Derry, of Atlanta, the years in which

this legislative service was rendered, but through loss of some
of the House Journals and through interruption in his search
caused by his attendance on the Richmond reunion the data
are not yet at hand. Joe would rather miss his breakfast than
to miss a reunion of his old comrades in grey, and his desire
to attend on this special occasion may have been intensified by
the following fact. In the fall of ’6i, through the carelessness
of a Yankee bullet, he lost a tuft of his curling hair. In these
later days his ambrosial locks, like my own, have been grow-
ing thinner and thinner, year by year, and his trip to Richmond
may have been in part another i\rgonautic expedition in search
of the Golden Fleece lost on Virginia soil long years ago.
In the, absence of railway transportation in those old days
Absalom, in addition to his public duties organized a wagon
train, which brought merchandise both from Charleston and.
Savannah for the merchants of Augusta. During the war of
1812 there was some apprehension of the occupancy of Savan-
nah by British troops and this train was utilized to transport
the specie and other funds of the city’s banks to Augusta for
safety from military spoliation.
Absalom Rhodes in his later life left the city and engaged
in the milling business in the country districts. Fie built a
mill on the waters of Spirit Creek, managed for a time by his
son, Aaron, and afterwards sold to John Houghton, of Au-
gusta. Later he built another just below the junction of
Grindstone and Friendship branches, that still belongs to his
grandson, Absalom Rhodes, and has always been known as the
Rhodes Mill. The site of both these mills are on the Patter-
son Road and only a little way removed from the limits of our
^own. He built homes near these mills and occupied each
of tliem for a time, living also at a place known as “Tranquilla”

- .1 >
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iMw bra ^J&m96nh bio r,m rfgwoidl 5ia>3a ol fi£ »bflin I
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within what is now Hephzibah. During his residence in the
country he was known as the political boss of his district,
dictating to his neighbors what they should eat, what they
should drink, and how they should vote.
Absalom Rhodes was twice married, but of the identity of
his first wife, I have no information. One son was born of
this marriage Absalom Rhodes, Jr., who though dying in
1820, when only twenty-nine years of age seems to have been
a man of some prominence as his name occurs frequently on
the records of the old inferior court in some official way. His
grave lies in the old Edmund Murphey burying ground.
After the death of his first wife, Absalom, Sr., married
Mary Barton, who belonged to a prominent ante-Revolution-
ary family of this county. Whlloughby Barton was a Revolu-
tionary soldier, and was granted a section of land in this coun-
ty between 1785 and 1788. Dr. Willoughby Barton of Jeffer-
son county, informs me that his ancient namesake was a noted
Indian fighter and at one time commanded a brigade of troops
under Andrew Jackson. Mary, wife of Absalom Rhodes, was
probably his daughter or otherwise nearly related to him. She
was born in 1773, married in 1796, and died in 1825, having
borne to Absalom two sons, Aaron and John A., and five
daughters, Elizabeth, Nancy, Mary, Lavinia, and Caroline.
In addition to the children named there were born to
Absalom Rhodes by his marriage with Mary Barton three
others, who died in infancy or early childhood, viz : Maria in

1795, George W. in 1800 and Mary A. B. in 1804.

Absalom Jr., the sole issue of his father’s first marriage,
died in 1820, leaving a son, Thomas, who migrated to Alabama
where descendants are now probably living.
his John A.
Rhodes, son of Absalom, and Mary, was born March ii, 1787;
and on Feb. ii, 1819, married Margaretta Trippe, of Port
Royal, S. C. Two children were born of this marriage, Mary
(Chaplin) and Robert, who died unmarried. His second mar-
riage to Cynthia Brown resulted in the following issue: Julia,
who married Elisha A. Rheney Andrew J.. who married x-\nn

Sheehan John H., who married Mary J, ^lalone, widow of


Wm. T., afterwards Cola Rentz, and last Eva Whigham;

9ib Iti 9sii9bi»si Birf^jiuOI won
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noe.^0 I land wrf
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099 d svfirf oi
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laioffto Wba oi ttuoD noiiS'llTii bio lo ahnow odi
p .bnuo*i3
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-flobnlovtvj?>?>ina Jfiswrnoiq a oJ h^gnolod odw ^noncS x^M ^

•uio^s^ .XTrri»<>:)^ftidjloxbfn^ 1:

-fuioo «tkj ni bfial ^o^notjo^a a bat aav? bna ,i^ibIoe ximoh c. .


•isBsl lo^noiiaH *{dri:gHoIIiV/ .ta bna^S^i naawtad ^

bolon a W^»3ia«»man in'^nns did Jadr Im atmolni ,xinuoo nou

a bobnaitimo'^ !>inb onb ts bna naihol
eqoo'U lo dbaghd
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8m7sri'’iesiBf ni hmb bn&\d(^t «t baiTTsm ,TOt^flimod eaw .


s*/il bna t-A hdolj bna nOir.A ,ends owl motaadA OJ 9mod ]

bna XmivitJ
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bamcn n^iidiiiD •ydi oi noiiibbn nl »
ol ^iod 5iatii ^;.-»t<

writ oTgtfihiani aiil \d a>bofiH moUadA '

, *

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.n? iihfeM
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^'msm nioLfiadA
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bat^iaim odw tafimoflT ,aoa « ^niv-a^l .0S181 ni b^ib
amndfilA 0}
,A ndot .^mvil stnabn^iDadb aid 'J^^>dw tVt

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tio3 lo ,^qqnT «Jl9i£StfiM bi)?n£m ,n .d^3 no bns v>

lo^mod ai9w ostblidD owT .0 ^

b^ib orf*// Jr:>dk)H bns (riHqedD)

-mm bnoD38 eiH
:ma«i ^niwolfol 5dl ni h^lua^ trwcna fiidtnxD oi 9^Bh «

iirtA bomsrri odv/ a.rwm(>nA ;x^/niI3
.A ftdailH b^m^ cqfvv ;

lo wobiw ,9rtoUK -I
b^ittsm odv/ ,J1
;mfidgirfW fivE.izsI hm& ^xtn^H sIoO aMr
Whitney H., who married Rebecca Rheney; Aaron, who mar-
ried Anna Coursey; Absalom, who married Frances Cogle,
and Seaborn, who died in later boyhood unmarried. Of these
children four now survive :Andrew, Augusta, Ga. John H.,

Bartow, Ga. Aaron, Tifton, Ga., and Absalom, Hephzibah, Ga.


John A. died Jan. i8, 1897, having rounded out almost an even
century of existence. Aaron, son of Absalom, married Eliza-
beth^ Beale and had one son, Charles A., who lost a leg in
Confederate service, and died in Augusta some years ago.
Nancy Barton, daughter of Absalom and Mary, was born
Feb. 22, 1809; married Rev. Elliot B. Loyless, Oct, 27, 1829,
and died in Dawson, Ga., Aug. ii,'i887. There were born to
Nancy and Rev. Elliot B. eleven children, as follows: Mary
C. M. (Sanders), born Nov. 16, 1830, and died Sept. 12, 1869;
Sarah Lavinia, born March 7, 1832, and died Aug. 15, 1832;
Ann Elizabeth (Cheatham), born May 3, 1833, and died May
5, 1869; Martha Jane (Sanders), born Aug. 7, 1835, and died
March 19, 1888; Henry Melville, born Nov. 9, 1837, married
'Mollie Wooding, and died Jan. 3, 1876; James Elliot, born
Oct. 6. 1839, married Lizzie Williams, and died Nov. ii, 1861
Lucy Hinton, born Aug. 16, 1842, and died Sept. 27, 1843 i

Thomas Wesley, born Sept. 13, 1844, married Susan M. Von

Aldehoff, and died Nov. 2, 1874; William Arnold, born Sept.
4. 1846, married Hattie Jackson; Francis Cassandria, born
March 25, 1848, married John H. Harp; Samuel Anthony, born
May 7, 1851, and married Louise J. DeLagle.
Rev. Elliot B. Loyless was a local minister of the ^^leth-
odist church and at one time a large cotton merchant in Au-
gusta, having branch houses or connections at Athens, Ga.,
and other points. He was the son of James and Mary Butt'
Loyless. Some years after his marriage to Nancy Rhodes he
moved to Southw'est, Ga., and his last years were spent in
Da wson, Terrell county. A grandson is now^ living in Au-
gusta, Thomas W., son of Thomas Wesley, whose brilliant
and pen adorns the columns of the x\ugusta Chronicle.
Elizabeth, daughter of Absalom and Mary, w'as married to
Richard B. Day, and lived at “Tranquilla,” in the present
limits of Hephzibah. Six children were born to them John

. f'li

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\|iUt *5>d a9bodJr{ voubM oj aid t^iIb bib^x .awlvoJ


;^,T, 3H3qi eiG^x aid bnB ,^0 ,j«!>wrfiMo8 01 b^ /om

-if A flj ^aivd won ai j?o«bnB*iS A .x^n£i03 ifyniiT .noswcCl
5>aodw *x*^*^'^ f BrnortT k> noe ,.VA aaniodT

.^binoridD afai/j^oA bdi }o amnuloo 9rfl amobB mqb{b*3''bnfi

oJ bantam saw ,xtijM bne motaedA lo^'wd^itfBb ^di>d*xil3
9 rfl ni *\jdlmp«ft'rT“ Jb b^vil ' bn* ,v1iCl ,11^^
nrioV imad) 01 ntod 970 w n^nblida xi3 .dsdisdqi^^^^^nif

A. R., who married Sarah !Mary Barton, who was mar-
Griffin ;

ried to William Cochran Sarah Ann (Seale) Richard H. P.,

; ;

who married Mary L. T. Averet Fanny Elizabeth (Farrar),


and William A., who’ never married. Judge R. H. P. Day is

now a magistrate and employed at the Richmond county home.
Of the present location of other descendants I am not advised.
Caroline, daughter of Absalom, was married to Robert W.
Bugg. As a result of this marriage five children were born,
Samuel, Mary (Kelly), William J., Moses P. G., Lizzie (San-
ders), Alex H. S., and Louise E., who never married; Samuel,
Wm.Jr., and M. P. G. Bugg are now farming in this county.
Rev. A. H. S. Bugg is an able, earnebl and useful member of
the Xorth Georgia Conference of the Methodist church.
^lary, daughter of Absalom, was married to Henry John-
son, and bore to him the following children Charles J., Wil-

liam H., Larry, Danforth, Samuel and Mary. I am not ad-

vised as to their matrimonial alliances, except as to Mary,
who married ilMr. Coursey. William FI. is now living in Au-
Lavinia, daughter of Absalom, married Thomas Beale and
theirmarriage brought to them three sons and three daughters,
George, John, Absalom, Ella, Bettie and Louisa, whose de-
scendents are probably living in this and adjoining counties.


;n?fthO ba-mBm oilw ,.H .A

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1 ^
alesS eftmoifT fiarnsin .motecIA lo
utri’^otb .siniVRj
* e > '. .

,r»9tri^o*b sstrii bti« 8BOe MiriJ m>rij, cft
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-9b 9 *orivy .fislooJ bne silJsa .sUH
.astinuoO gninlotbfi ba« »iril ni ^Ivil '(WctJoiq 9i* i}ii9bn»9«
Lewis B., son of John, was born March 10,1778. Where
this event occurred, whether ''mostly” Richmond or
“mostly” in some other county, who John was, where he came
from or where he went to, either in this world or the next, I
am not advised. x\s Johns of the Rhodes name were not as
common as John Smiths and as there is only one of the name
mentioned by George Smith in his "Story of Georgia and Her
People,” it is probable that Lewis was a son of this Revolu-
tionary John, who seems to have been a cousin of x\aron, Absa-
lom and Nancy. The first authentic information I have been
able to gather of Lewis after the incident of his birth is that
he married Mary White, Feb. 5, 1810. Some years after his
marriage he^ bought 'from some Stringfellow, Mhlliam prob-
ably, what has been known for so many years as the old A. W.
Rhodes home in Hephzibah. Here were born to him the fol-
lowing children: John R., who married Araminty Haynie.
Absalom W., who married Susan C. White, Thomas R., who
married Maria Watson and afterwards Sarah A. Pardue, Val
W. Rhodes, who married Mary G. Fox and' afterwards ^lar-
garet M. Jones, Mary B., who married W. W. AValker, Tilman
W., who married Sarah R. Wolfe, James William, Lewis Allen,
Lewis Bobo, AVilliam Peyton and Hiram James. I find from
entries in the old Lewis Rhodes Bible that in 1820 ^fatilda
Rhodes was married to Thomas Hatcher, and in 1821 Merne-
mia Rhodes was married to Thomas Marshall Ligon,
Matilda and Mernemia were evidently daughters of John and
sisters of Lewis. I have no information as to the descendents
of John R., if any.
To .\bsdlom W. were born Robert L., James W., Harriet
(Byne) (Murrow), Martha (Kuhn), Charles J., Margaret and
Mary. Charles J. and FTarriet Murrow are living at Blythe.
Ga.. and Martha (Kuhn) in Texas. Fannie Wilder, daughter
of Robert L., lives in Atlanta, and a son of James W. in New
To Thomas R.. bv his first marriage were born ^farv
(Watson), George Crawford and Flenry A. Rhodes.

.a aiwaa A

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The last named enlisted in Confederate service as a mem-
ber of the Richmond Hussars at the age of seventeen, and
was killed at .Barbee’s Cross Rhodes, Va., Nov. 5, 1862. By
his second marriage there came to Thomas R. three children,
Henry who died in boyhood, Sarah A. (Pardue) and Anne
May, who married W. C. Boykin, and who with her hus-
band and Harriet, Grace and Annie, her children, now live in
Augusta, the eldest Rhodes Boykin being engaged in the
lumber industry elsewhere. Thomas R. merchandised very
successfully for a long time in the store now occupied by
A. B. Saxon & Bro. The writer once served with him on the
Board of Jury Commissioners and recalls the following inci-
dent of that service. In our examination of the list, whose
fitness for jury service was to be considered and determined
by us, reached the name of a young man who in his
physical makeup had developed some of the characteristics of
a dude. As his name was announced Thomas R. said: ‘‘Pass
him, he isn’t fit Pie always wears his coats
for jury duty.
either too long or too short,”and he was passed.
To Val W. Rhodes were born Thomas V. W., now living
in Texas, Wallace, who died in Atlanta, and Jennie, who mar-
ried Jno. W. Browm, local manager of the W. U. Telegraph
Co. Henry C. Brown, manager of the Interstate Cotton Oil
Co., in Augusta, and Annie B., wife of Mareen Duvall, District
Superintendent of the Postal Telegraph Co., are children of
John W. and Jennie Brown.
Hiram Rhodes, son of Thomas R., married in Jonesboro,
Ga., and his children are now living there.

V <

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w u


I have not been able to fix definitely the year in which
Aaron, Absalom and Nancy Rhodes, and probably their
''Cousin John” came from North Carolina to Richmond county.
That they were here prior to Feb. lo, 1785, is evidenced by
the fact that on that date Nancy was married to Edmund
Murphey. During my school-boy days at the old Brothersville
Academy, my classmate Jasper Daniel at a Fritday afternoon
exercise in 1854, gave voice to his embryonic oratorical pow-
ers by declaiming Catiline’s oration to the Roman Senate.
At its conclusion Mr. Thos. H. Holleyman our teacher, said:
‘'Jasper, do you know who Catiline was?” "Yes, sir,” was the
prompt reply. "Well, who was he?” asked the teacher, and
Jasper ransacked his boyish brain, scanned the ceiling closely
and probably twitched with his nervous hands the periphery
of his bifurcated garment and then replied, “I was not per-
sonally acquainted with him. Sir.”
And so while Nancy in her infant years was often lullabied
into happy dreamland by the soothing strains of the old-
time ditty,
"Oh, Miss Nancy, don’t you cry.
For your sweetheart will come bime-by.”
Andwhile Edmund "bime-by” came it is hardly probable
that hiscoming involved a horseback ride to North Carolina
to marry a girl between whom and himself as between Jasper
and the old Roman Conspirator there had been no "personal
Making due allowance therefore for the probable duration
of Edmund’s courting days, which as a widower he would
scarcely have unduly extended, their migration must have oc-
curred as early as 1784, and possibly 1783. Some time after
their arrival Aaron located at what is now known as the War-
ren Place on the Washington road a few miles above Augusta.
Nancy Murphey was only seven years old in 1783, and
Aaron must have waited for her as long as Jacob did for
Rachel, for they were probably not married before 1797. Tw('>
children were born to Aaron and Nancy, a son William J.,

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t-M' Mi

'I I

Jan. 13, 1799, and a daughter Lavinia some years later. Aaron’s
wedded life was of short duration as he died in 1805. He was
probably buried on the X^'arren Place where he had lived, but
like Moses the J^rother of his ancient namesake, ‘‘No man
knoweth of his sepulcher to this day.” Plis son Wm. J., after
growing up to manhood made diligent effort to locate the
grave, but without success. Soon after the death of her hus-
band. Nancy Rhodes moved to a location near the present
site of the Albion Kaolin Co., and only a little way removed
from the house of her father Edmund Murphey. Her selection
of this location in such close proximity to what was known
for so m.any years as the- old “Chalk Bed” may possibly have
been influenced by the fact that it would enable her the more
easily to compel her offspring to “walk a chalk line.” Here
she. reared her children and here on a fall day in 1833 (Oct. 6)

she left them to take her. last sleep beneath the shadow of the
trees in the old ^lurphey burying ground.
About three years before her death her son, William
J. married Alartha, daughter of Robert Allen of “Allen plow”
and “plank gate” fame. Soon after his marriage he built the
home near Edie station so long occupied in later years by
Judge James Brandon, and now owned by i\Irs. Brandon, his
widow, ^^'il!ia^l J. lived at tin's home until 1828 or ’29. then
sold it and removed to what is now known as the Rhodes
Place on the Walker’s Bridge Road between Hephzibah and
Story’s Mill, where the remainder of his life was spent. To
William J. and his wife Martha, there came from Oct. 8, 1820,
to June I, 1843, twelve children, five of whom died in early
childhood. Martha Maria died in her twentieth year unmar-
ried. Lavinia Allen was married to Roberson Palmer, son of
Benjamin and grandson of George, who was a brother of
Jonathan of the “Calvinism Cure.” Evalina Amanda became
the wife of Rev. James Allen, an earnest and able ^lethodist
minister and a noted temperance evangelist. William W.
married iMary Ann Bostwick, scion of an old ante-Revolution-
ary family of this section. James W., like his kinsman, .\lex-
ander Murphey. unmindful of i\fr. Weller's advice, married
Pauline C. Allen, widow of Elisha A. Allen, Jr. Robert A. and


e’noifiA .ns^

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- .

i'MitCMI ’j.<ii
Mary J. died unmarried in early manhood and womanhood
during an epidemic of typhoid fever that swept over this sec-
tion in the early months of i860.
Of William J.’s immediate family either by blood or mar-
riage only Pauline C., widow of James 'W., now survives.
For some years she has been a citizen of Hephzibah and re-
tains in large measure the charming grace of her early days.
I use the word “citizen” advisedly.
In ante-bellum days my father owned a slave whose name
was Jonas. He and his wife Mary were exceptionally good
negroes and remained on the plantation for a long time after
“freedom came out.” Finally they drifted away and chancing
to meet him one day I solicited his return to the old home. In
reply he said: “I would like to go back, ]\Ias’ \\*alter, but
Mary wants to go to Waynesboro. She has a great idea of
becoming a city-zen.”
Few men have lived in Richmond county, who were gifted
with a larger share of the sense that counts than \Villiam J.
Rhodes. His marked success in the administration of his own
affairs brought to him many fiduciary trusts. To the private
obligations as well as to the public duties that fell to him as
Justice of the Inferior Court and as Representative of Rich-
mond County in the General x\ssembly he always brought
eminent skill and faithfulness.

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eiriJ lOYo Jq^wa JcriJ i>v^]fibiodqxl ^o Ditn^ibiq^ ns ^ijnnub
j 1 X)d8i lo arlJfiom
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fri^tjmd exswls^^ad IsTonoO sdt ni
No resident of our town, perhaps, recalls from personal
recollection the fact that Henry Clay, one of the immortal
trio, was once entertained in this community, that the giant
oaks that our sandy avenues once met his beaming gaze
and that the air that lends its ozone to our wasted frames
‘once fanned his lordly brow. And yet it is a cold, cold fact.
I have had occasion more than once to quote in this story

from genial and gifted Dr. E. R. Carswell, Sr., my fathers'

long time friend and my own as well. It may not be amiss,
therefore, to give one incident in which the Dr. played a lead-
ing if not a happy role. In 1844 Henry Clay was unanimously
nominated by the Whig Convention as its presidential candi-
date. In the campaign that followed he made a general tour
of the Southern States and his itinerary included both Savan-
nah and Augusta. His engagement in the Forest City occur-
ring first and the Central railroad having been completed to
its terminus at Macon in 1843 seems but natural that Mr.
Clay should have availed himself of the rail line to Millen and
then when no other alternative was available should have
taken private conveyance to Augusta. My friend W. Phuny
Steed, however, who needs only an ‘‘n” to make him “phunny,”
and who, half a century ago, more or less, was engaged in
teaching the young ideas how to shoot in the wilds of Screven
county, insists that memories of the carriage bearing the
'^Mill Boy of the Slashes" over the old Quaker Road on the oc-
casion referred to were at the date of his advent into those
parts, figuratively speaking, as thick as blackberries in June.
He made some allusion at first to the natives having pointed
out to him the imprint of those four particular wheels after
thirteen years had passed, but on cross examination he ad-
mitted that this was to be taken simply in a Pickwickian sense
and that he did not care to be summoned as a character witness
. on this feature of the story.
However this may be, whether the great Kentuckian left
the Central at Millen or at “No. 6" it is historically certain
that he and his attendant escort struck the Richmond county


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line at what is now Story’s Mill, that they passed over the
Walker’s Bridge and Louisville Roads directly through what
is now the town of Hephzibah. The home of Judge William
J. Rhodes, who was an ardent Whig supporter of Mr. Clay,
lay directly on their route and arrangements were made to give
the distinguished traveler an hour’s rest and probably a lun-
\ cheon at the Judge’s residence. The community was advised
and a large crowd assembled to honor the occasion and to
feast their eyes on the face and form of the man who had
said ^T would rather he right than President.”
: Mr. Clay, in
I order to be in good form and unimpaired voice for his Augusta
f speech had exacted a pledge frorri his attendants that his trip
should be absolutely unadorned by any oratorical frills. The
I carriage halted in front of the Rhodes home, Mr. Clay alighted,
- bowed to the assembled crowd and was conducted to the res-
idence where he hoped to have an hour of absolute rest and
quiet. He had just entered the’ spacious hall when he was
, confronted by a young man with raven locks and flashing eyes,
[ whose clarion voice broke the silence of the mid-day air.
“Hail, Sage of Ashland, hail immortal Harry of the West.”
And on and on the torrent of unwelcome welcome poured like
a young Vesuvius on Mr. Clay’s unwilling ears. If the wearied

guest had been asked to “stand and deliver” he could not have
been more astonished, and the mobile lips that oft had swayed
a listening senate at their will were voicing only mild and
gentle protests at this unexpected number on the program.
Col. A. C. Walker, who was an eye witness of the scene,
gave me the incident long years ago and I do not now recall
whether Dr. Carswell exhausted his pent up eloquence or
whether Mr. Clay’s manifest annoyance caused a large measure
of it to lie upon his gifted lips unborn. The Dr. was evidently
unadvised as to Mr. Clay’s expressed desire. He entertained
me often with memories of the past but on this particular
episode of his long and useful life, his tongue was silent and
his lips were mute.

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^ _ -L_ .93um 9?i9w Bqil «iri

AARON RHODES— Concluded.
On June i, 1843, Frances Virginia, the last child born to
Wm. J. Rhodes by his wife Martha, came into the world, and
on June 30th, following, the mother’s life faded out, the little
babe surviving her only a few days. Their graves lie in the
Allen burying ground in our town. Some years later Wm. J.
married ^laria, sister of Governor Geo. W. Crawford, but their
union was childless. On January 23, 1866, Judge Rhodes died,
and his dust lies by that of his first wife in the old Allen grave
yard. His descendants trace their lineage back to a larger
number of these old-time settlers than any others who bear a
personal relation to this story. His grandsons, Robert A.,
William J., Millard, Edward H., sons of William W. Carroll ;

Rhodes, son of James W, William R. Allen, son of Evalina, all


at Louisville, Ga., are not only descendants of Aaron Rhodes,

Edmund IMurphey and Robert Allen, whose records have
come into this story, but of Elisha Anderson. The children of
my brother, Samuel R. Clark, Rev. Wm. H., Dr. S. Allen,
W. Edward, Lillian, Gertrude and Harold, as well as Prof.
E. P. Clark and his sister, Essie M., all of whom are great-
grandchildren of Judge 'Wm. J. Rhodes, not only claim descent
through their mother from the four early settlers named, but
through their fathers from Thomas Walker and Alexander and
Isabella Carswell. Any lack of interest shown by them there-
fore in this story can scarcely be attributed to w^ant of personal
relation to it.

Lavinia, sister of Wm. J. Rhodes, and daughter of Aaron,

was married in the early years of the nineteenth century to
James /\. Carswell, son of Alexander and Isabella Carswell,
whose lineage, as I am recently informed by my clever friend
and relative, Mrs. Ella Salter, of Tampa, Fla., has been traced
back to Lord and Lady Ruthvcn, the former being, as she
states, head of the ‘‘House of Cassiles.” If these statements
are entirely authentic, and not simply “Cassiles in the Air,” I
fear I shall have to bring the arithmetical skill of my friend,
Peter G. Walker, into recjuisition again to ascertain what
billionth trace of noble Ruthen blood trickles through my own

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1 ",iiA »dt ni *ali8e«5'' yqmia ion bn* .arlnadlu* xlao'tn*

.I>nahV(f" lo IlidfJsoilamdjh* adl jnnd ol av*d li*d«"I

jfiiivK nisnaaa*' OJ nica* noiiiwnpai oJiii .ladleV/^'

fiwo ^fn'dgijoidj aaldanJ boold nadJna aldon lo aaail dl
veins under this brave May sun in 1907. My clever friend,
however, has promised to furnish me the proof, and I await its
forthcoming before taxing my friend Peter again.
There were born to James and Lavinia Carswell two sons.
Edward R., who married Celestia V. Walker, daughter of
Reuben, as already noted in the story of Thomas Walker, and
James A. Carswell, who married iMaria Loring. There were
also three daughters, Caroline, who married John Whigham,
and afterwards Thomas Poland, Lavinia, who became the wife
of John Denny, and Jane, who was married to Michael King.
The children of Edward R. have been alread}^ named as descen-
dants of Thomas Walker. James Carswell had one son, Wil-
liam, and three daughters, Lula (Evans), Lily (Evans), and
Mamie (Rhodes). Caroline Whigham had a son, and two
daughters, flattie and Lavinia. To Lavinia Denny there were
born two sons, William and James, and a daughter, Della
(Baston). Jane King had two sons, James and William, and
a daughter, Isabella. Of these descendants of z\aron Rhodes
there still survive Lily, wife of Jones Evans, Bartow, Ca.,
William Denny and William King, Wrens, Ga., and Della
Baston, Stellaville, Ga. Some allusion has been already made
to iGen. Reuben W. Carswell as a descendant of Thomas
Walker. His prominence as a descendant of Aaron Rhodes
also may justify the incorporation into these records of these
additional incidents. On making debut into the world.
General Carswell tipped the scales at exactly two and a half
pounds, but in mature manhood his avoirdupois would not have
fallen far short of a hundred times that weight. His appetite
and his digestive attainments would both have classed “good
maiding.” and his enjoyment of “table comforts” ran pari
passu with them. Seated at a hotel table on one occasion, the
attendant waiter took his order, and after the usual delay en-
circled his plate with the ordinary array of miniature dishes.
Ca^ting his eye over the display for a moment, he turned to
his white-aproned attendant and said: “Your samples seem to
show up all right; now bring me a dinner.”
During the General’s college course at Oxford the students
took occasional Saturday outings by boarding the Georgia

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railroad train, riding down to the dinner house at Social Circle

and returning in the afternoon. On one of these occasions
Reuben W., and his collegemate, Dan Saffold, were members
of the party. Neither of them needed a tonic to whet their
appetites, and at the dinner hour their comrades pitted them
against each other in a gastronomic race. I have no informa-
tion as to who umpired the game, or who won at the finish,
but I do recall that when they approached the desk to settle
for the meal the proprietor said : “Young gentlemen, my usual
charge for dinner is fifty cents, but I make a rebate in your
case. I charge you only twenty-five. I sell cheaper by whole-
^But General Carswell’s development was not confined
solely or mainly to physical lines.With marked gifts, large

culture and much magnetic humor, he was a man of wide in-

fluence and a delightful companion socially.


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” ,iv' '‘^r-
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-ni 9btw lo flsm s asw 3d ^lumnd doum bns 3 tuJIud
Xltsibos nornsqm03 tnlidgilqb s bns sonsuft
Henry Clay at the
After writing up the reception given to
home of Judge Wm.
Rhodes, there came to me a natural
desire to learn from some old time resident something of the
great Kentuckian’s address in Augusta on the following day.
Chancing to meet my old friend Hal Moore, he said: ‘'See
A. M. McMurphey, he heard the speech I know, for I heard
him say so.” The ’phone was brought into requisition, but I
found that the memory of my friend Hal had slipped a cog, for
Mr. McMurphey was in Abbeville, S. C., at school at the time
of Mr. Clay’s visit. I then attempted to interview over the

same instrument another old time resident, an honored citizen,

whose genial personality, wonderfully preserved physical and
mental powers and retentive memory suggested the thought
that Mark Twain had made the mistake of his life in failing to
secure him as a compagnon du voyage in his search for Adam’s
old time grave. I failed to reach him, but a lady friend, who
had been advised of my unsuccessful effort, chanced to meet
him and kindly secured for me the following story:
He was absent from Augusta on the date of Mr. Clay’s
address, but later attended a banquet given to Dan-
some time
iel Webster during his visit to the city. While the post
prandial feast of reason and flow of soul was at its flood tide,
Hon. Andrew J. Miller entertained the banqueters at the ex-
pense of his friend. Judge Benjamin H. W^arren, with the fol-
lowing incident of Mr. Clay’s visit. The electric belt line had
not been then completed and Mr. Miller, Judge Warren and
Gov. Charles J. Jenkins were giving their distinguished visitor
a carriage ride over the city. Driving down the northern side
of Greene street they passed what had been known in later
years as the Coleman residence, recently purchased by Marion
Reynolds, and removed to a lower block onEllis, and Mr. Clay
said: ‘‘That is have seen. Who owns
the prettiest home I

it? And Judge Warren, laying his hand on his manly breast
and making their guest his blandest bow, replied, “That, Mr.
Clay, is the home of the subscriber.”

t ?» ,^\> . .

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* '
'‘.lodiioadns odl lo omSd

St ’
I had still another friend, a very dear friend, whose life

has long since passed the Psalmist’s limit, and yet upon whose
sunset years no shadows seem to rest. I found him in the
cozy corner of an upper porch in the home to which he had
been long confined, and for an hour and more he entertained
me with charming memories of the past. He told me of his
friendly association with A. B. Longstreet and William T.
Thompson when in ‘‘Georgia Scenes” and “Major Jones’ Court-
ship,” they were making Georgia humor classic of Judge ;

Longstreet’s mother, who lived where now the Dyer building

lifts its lofty head, and of her asking her gifted son one day

to dra\y her will of his mild protest based upon the fact that

she owned nothing to bequeath of her insistence and of his


final drafting of the instrument in solemn, legal form, willing

bequeathing and devising a certain pair of worn out shoes that
lay beneath her bed, and other personalty long laid aside as
absolutely valueless, and of his reading it to her with solemn
face and of her sharp and sudden interruption: “Get out of
here, Gus. I always thought you were a goose, and now I

know it.”

He told me of his visit to Headden’s studio while he was

engaged in painting Longstreet’s portrait, of the witty judge’s
coming in one day for a final sitting, but looking wan and care-
worn of the artisPs asking for a story to brighten up his

face; of Longstreet’s prompt compliance, and of Headden’s be-

ing so convulsed with laughter that he was forced to lay his
brush aside and ask the judge to close his story and his mouth.
He told me of standing in front of MHshington Hall that
stood at the corner of Broad and McIntosh streets, and of
listening to Daniel Webster as he spoke for a little while from
the balcony of that building, but that the great defender of the
constitution was suftering from such excessive hospitality at
the hands of his Augusta friends that it had “superindenced,”
as m_v friend John Heidt would say, an attack of acute inability
to stand on his feet for any length of time, and his address was
therefore, in Bill Arp vernacular “short but brief,”
He told me many other things cannot refer to now,
tliat 1

and then I asked him: “Did you hear Henry Clay in 1844?”

>lil ’’woriw issA a nrfwns UiJ* bsrf 1
Snol «*«
9^0(rw fioqu J9X bn« •»*"“'
.i«s>» <>» ««»»« rwol-tri* on'«i«iX
»dl ''nil mill bnool I
rfDiriv/Vf 9irtfwl -iAr n\ rlincq ne io wirro? -nao sri

bsnkJtiln* itom bna wnd aa -K^i bos ,b»m'tnoD ^nol wd .

d»i /? sm
*irf lo im
blo>‘:9H .Htuq »rli »<$ eoiwmsrrt 'gmimorfs
j^J^noJ .8 lA riiiw noh«9otas
.T mr.itliW»|b«i
.moD ‘2*itoT bftfi ni nsdw noaqmodT
, . 4buX »o':Sf«8*Ia"‘-w«ioH ^nUem »r»w x»rf^ ".V**®
' e'Jssitt^no^
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wsifa-ot *•
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J»dj iMl-aiJt no^J
b^nwrt oda
eid lo bfifi 9 t)f« 9 J»iart! r>rf
lo anurttb l^nd
Unilliw ,miol Ib3 *I .nmoloa h? itifttiiiiwi'^iij
nTOwloTttq nifiJTi'' fis“'ai»-9b bn# 5uiriJB»np9d .

iBiiJoBStidt Itio
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bns fpsda i9d ^^.bn#
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”11 v/orol
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eSabtfi x;jliw 3d| lo .li^-aiq t‘j*9*l«8rtoJ ^nUnisq ni b9a«an»
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aid qi» noJrisinI o> x^»i£ wl *o‘dae sbaMi# »dl--i<>

- 9 <t a'n 9 bb 69 H
lo hn« .oortsilqiw* iqinoiq eJjoauaanoJ lo
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aid xil OJ b 99lol 8 Bw" 9d!»''lo)d3«Kt
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)6dJ llfiH no}3 ttrrf 8

lo bn# ,afwia riaolnlsW bus biwia lo.

i9moa adJ^is boo)#
o) 3 nin»J#H
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9 di lo i-i?n-jl 9 b )#9itl 9rf» «di (ml .aftil iind )edl io xnool^ sd)

)# avlMiOJra fiau# tno)! snhojflu# a£Vf 0 oiJulil#«oo ,

* "
".bMnsbtiiiaqwa'* b#d Jl icdJ sboohl eJaui^uA
W«o'« jWoH
aid lo abn*d
iirioX bftaiil Xd*
XJiliitcni »)«a8'ld dasii# n# ,X8*
asv/simbbs aid bn# .omb lo di^inst xn# W*
"Jfnd )ud noda*' icbivsmov qiA
" Itifl ni,

)Kdi asnid) nd'q x»®"' l>So»r“

-,won C.1 loloi JofWKv l^

''mJBi ni x«!^ uox biO" I> 9 )la 6 I

^ 4# 4oS
“Oh, yes,” he said. “I was standing only twenty feet away
when he spoke. He reached Augusta just before the hour,
drove directly to the court house and alighted looking hot and
dusty and tired, for it was a scorching summer day. Retiring
to one of the court house rooms for only a few moments to re-
move the dust of his morning travel he came out fresh, tall,
erect,with his hair thrown back and looking every inch of his
more than six feet of sturdy and wiry physical manhood. For
an hour or more he charmed the audience with a magnificent
address. I can never forget the easy grace of his manner, the
flashing glance of his eagle eye nor the silver tones of his
ringiiig and rythmical voice. He was entertained during his
stay in Augusta by Mrs. Emily Tubman, who had been his
ward during her girlhood days in Kentucky.”
As my friend thus talked in glowing terms of Henry Clay,
words of the great commoner that had lingered in my mem-
ory for nearly 50 years came back to me and I could picture
him as he stood on the floor of the National Senate with his
right hand raised in forceful and yet graceful poise, while
from his gifted lips there fell these trenchant and defiant
words: “I stand here today erect and unbroken, unawed and
unsubdued and ever ready to denounce the pernicious meas-
ures of this administration and ever ready to denounce this
their legitimate offspring, the most pernicious of them all.”

€fiw r* .brB« jrf *',t!»x .f*0“
.lijcri !>iii anoisd i^«e^oA b3rft>ftai
tetri .ssloqs oH norfw
bn* JOfi gniiool hjjjrfg^lA bus >%xjoH ^’ujod 9fij oJ avoib
:§nhft‘r5f .vftb it^rntnua pntrlo-Tooa b ^BV/ St to)

•MfCJ EJirsfitotn wcV is

x<«<> smooi deuoff ii»oD stit k) ^no oJ
ttlijtfij'.dwil bvj&ii ^gnimont «id lo jstib sifi ovom

M )o riDfti grtlrfocd bnfl ^D£<t

xh ned) itom
nwcnrSs iM aid rillw .iDo-r^

loH .hoofiaSm IfDi^xdq ivw bfiB

jnooRia^&tn if'rfilw s^n^rbtf* ^ifJ b^nrifiri^ ^toln lo •uioit n*
drfJ .i^nnspi »iff lo WJ»TS mIj Jratol ir/^n asD I .eeoibb*
lo tanoi adJ Kih t oi'g&o errl lo 0

lid 3fthiib?b5miJj,ti."ni> er,t? aH ,4a}orv Uoifndjft ^nr^^nn

liH iT{>»d bed odv^ ^isindtiT x^*^3 .eiM xd ^SitrgtjA ni x^^*
boodhf^ ii»d ^nnnb inew
x*J«iH Iti amtdJ ^fiiv/Otig rti eudS bmhl x^ *

•mocn b*d irsdt i^nominbj iS3Tg j>dt lo abiow

T 9iaSoiq Waoo 1 bn*?'««rT oi ^lond amfiO(8T*n

aid HStW: ^Ssiti»8 ts^ohr.A iSftU lo looft 9fIS no booia »d es mid
trlirfw ,»aIoq Hx loboiOl ni boairt hiicil id^n
lofiddb bnfi srtsdonsts 9eotii ih) ot^di aqtl bailfg aid rnoil

bn* bawisitti ^/i^oidmr bi>;s S09i9 x*boi otod bnuia 1“ :a|now

^ZMpm &uohitttiiq 9iiS ^onuonib oS bn* b^uhdwanii
aid) 3oiit»on^b cfS rbioi 1 379 bn xf noitntaniimbfi
<5idy lo «nn

lo atvTobinidq laom 9siS li^dl

^ 7'^

itjr ..- . •

If Aaron Rhodes were to rise from his ancient grave and
walk the earth again and were to meet what I have written
above, in the public road he would scarcely recognize or accept
it as a part of his family history without identification at the
hands of my who is kind enough to act as my
friend Steed,
literary sponsor and endorses without question and without
mental reservation every emanation of my homely pen. If it
were possible for the contingency named above to occur, my
friend Phuny recaljing his ancient familiarity with the Latin
tongue would probably explain that while Henry Clay and
Daniel Webster, Judge Longstreet, and Charles J. Jenkins,
Andrew J. and Judge Warren were probably not re-
lated to the Rhodes tribe by ties of blood, their incorporation
into these records may properly and legitimately be assigned
to what the legal fraternity would term the “res gestae” of this
story and as my friends rulings are always ex cathedra in lit-
erary matters, it would have to go at that if it went at all.
And now it seems a long call from the empyrean heights
through which Clay and Webster soared down to the gastro-
nomic plane where yellow-legged chickens scratch and crow
and have their short-lived being and yet the exigences of my
story seem to require that I should take the call. Filed away
in the brain cells of my memory long years ago, there is an
incident in which Judge William Rhodes and one of 'his inti-
mate friends were the dramatis personae and the judge’s home
furnished the scenery for the play. It might perhaps be ap-
propriately termed, “Larcency from the Lane.”
Capt. William S. C. Morris has been already referred to in
these records as having married Susan, daughter of Isaac
Walker and sister of Dr. James B. Walker, of Augusta. He
was an old-time southern gentleman, in partial evidence of
which it may be stated that when he had raised a company
known as the Poythress’ Volunteers for Confederate service in
’6ihe went to the firing line wearing a silk beaver hat, carrying
an umbrella and though assigned to the infantry department of
Cobb’s Legion, carrying along for his own use his favorite


3sin^03t>i liiiiW ^fi i>«oit

5 /(j J£ noiJ^ftilfi!>fel tw<iifiivjf vfoUifi '^lifni:! airl 1o Jisq a a^ ii

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nhtJ 9fiJ rilivi ^niUfio?'* vrtuH*! bnsrrl
bnfi xlilD X^^pH
,emilnt>V .(. aiflaifij bqfi binaQ
-^1 Jon 979W (r‘3n^$y/M9^btf[ bip ipHiU wnhnA
noijfiioqio^ni ibriJ t>dn Jv <5?>borlk iniJ ol baJsI

bDfiiaiaafi bnv^J*T3qo x«f« ‘^bioo3i ^aarlJ oJni

airiJ lo '*9sia3a ^97** 9tU «n^4 ^dJ isHw oJ

ab£ib3d|«3 X3
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woio bns ^bnon

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t*v#6 bolN 4 Ibd 3iiJ bifii lil^da 3i«jp3i oJ mo^a
fu; ai 3 3 rit *i
niaid 3r(i nr

-ijflr aid lo 3 Ho bns s3borfH^!\ marHiV/ t»?

hn\ rfoiiiv/ nl Jn^bfani

3 fTiori ^b^bwi srfj bna^iisrroaioq eiJBrneib ^di oiow aboaiil 3Jara

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f« - '^3nsJ 3#tJ ;w<yT> vonsoiEJ d>3fm3J x^sjshqoiq

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ifd ‘K&mt%tiA }o .i33ll/EV/g.0 asmclE^iG Vo loiara bnB i3dI«V7
lo 3 oa 3 biv 3 fJuJifiq qi .nBmdlJnag^ni^fhuoa 3ffih-bIo hb a«w
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«xt 33 iv-i 3 3Jfi33b3i/ioD
30^ ai^ojfUjioV ’aa3iHJxo‘X 3dJ a« nv/ond
•o«5vir*i®-^ ir.rl 3svii3d alJb fi ^fin»3v/ «]! itnhft 3rfj oJ inTif 3d id’
saddle horse. When advised by the military powers that be
that army regulations did not sanction the use of a horse by an
infantry captain, he replied that'he had bought the horse and
paid for bought his feed and paid for it, that he preferred

riding to walking and he didn’t see what the Confederacy had

to do with it anyway. He was a practical joker with a post-
graduate diploma in his pocket. His summer home was at
Bath, in this county, his winter residence on his Burke planta-
tion and the route between them lay directly in front of Judge
Rliodes’ home. Riding up one day from Burke with a large
empty hamper basket tied to the rear of his buggy Re found
the lane in front of the Rhodes residence filled with chickens
midday lunch. Visions of
foraging with tireless feet for their
crisp fried chicken, chicken pie, chicken salad and other en-
trees of the chicken kind flitted through his brain and then
there came an inspiration. Reining up his horse he secured
him at a hitching post and then began to call loudly for Judge
Rhodes, who came out hurriedly and after saluting his friend
>aid. “W’hat is the trouble. Captain?” “Why, Judge, I’ve had
terrible luck. I Burke with a basket full of
started from
chickens and just as I reached the front of your place the top
of the basket came off and they all got away right here in
your lane. Can’t you help me?” And the judge promptly
summoned a squad of “hands” from a nearby field and as the
captain pointed out the comeliest specimens of the feathered
tribe the nimble footed darkies would capture them until the
basket was taxed to its full capacity. Thanking the judge
kindly for his timely aid he went on his way rejoicing with
fowls enough to supply his table for weeks and weeks to come.
Of the aftermath when Judge Rhodes learned that lie had
been accessory to the purloining of his own chickens I have no
traditional record.

e*r^wo<| b^etvb* n^dVf vtiod !>lbi>B^!

as, \d 9 fftoii £ lo ^ts ifdJ mb^usa ion bib enoiiuifis^i vrrnc Jcdi
'\fbns wiod •idi |ii;^tk>d k^sd dfi isAi 3d .nlw<i«o vtln/tlni-
bn«^b33l aid jd^Mod ,Ji lol brcq .

bed x^B^^balfipO 33« J'abib ad brr« gni-JIfiv/ oi gnfbh


-«oq s liJiy^, TT^rfol t«o)j*)in<f e sew oH '*,x* /rc«fi
Js 26 V/, t^^cncn/jni ziH .tJdooq eld rri ernolqib 9)6tibfiT3
kv£rAJH6lq ;j>lii/fi ftidiOO ^vnsbfftaT talniv/ aid ,X?auo^ eirii ni .ill^fl

3^bi?\ lo^^Jnoil fli xlJOMlh ybI madJ ri33wJ3d oltsoi 3dJ bne rroii

il ^ifil fi rfi/w adiwHjnoi! ’gnibiH ^^rnod *e 3 b*>dJi

*^bdi/ohaH\ lo ibdi aJiJ ot bafljaslasd laqmBd xjqma^

ti^abodH adi io incnl ni aiu! ad»

io ariOl^iV .fbntif liadj aol aealaTij rhiv/

h«6 Mfie nd>f:^ido Jiajlaida ^fiajiaida baiit q^iia :

nadl bn6 fii^id eid d^OTfit baTlift b^i^^ ftadaida adi io coaij

Wki^^ eid q«r


lol nadJ bnj3 Jaoq ^nid>liri 6

bnahl aid br»6 Jijo^^jngo odv/ .-sobodH f

b*d ayl ’'trtUlqBD ,alduou adJ «i JBdVr .f»t6^

lo ^ilul lad^Sd 1b fftoii baJiBJS I .dan! afdinai ,

qoi or!) aaBlq *M|pX lo moil adi badaBOi I as 72 nj. bnc ^wadairia
31 ^^ UB&xadJ hn 6 Bp amsa ladaBd ad* !o
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'adj as bfift blad ^ '’ebnsd^^* la^supa & ba from mo?

baiadisal adJ,io anwjaaqa laailamoa adl loo baJnioq niejqsa

adJ iiJnii marij aioiqfia bloow aaidisb balool aldmin adi adnf
aBboifaiil snidonedT .yib6f|Bo HoheJi oJ bax^7 zbv/ ladasd
dim gniaiPiai^X^^ JdaW ^ji bis xbpi^ aJfl lol ylbnid
.amqa oj adaaVbn^ t^i^aaw i«>l aldi^i aid vJqqoB o! d;^Oima
bsd ad Jcdi bamBaJ aabod^I a^ibol. nadw dtsmiajlB adi iO
on av 6d I anadairfa nwo eiri io ^niniohoq adi oj
*bfpaai Unoijil>6iJ





•i’'l '.'3 :/' 4 ,;W;V't*: t

A Water Idyl.

During my boyhood
days Saturday was always “mill day”
at the old homestead. day occurred during the week
If a rainy
it was utilized in shelling from the glistening ears that lay

heaped in the old log crib the usual “turn” of corn, and on
Saturday Peter or Joe or Alfred or Henry or old “Uncle
Moosher,” whose name I have never learned to spell, would I

take it over to the old Rhodes mill, where, under the skilful .

manipulation of “Uncle Jack” Rhodes, it would be transformed |

into the softest and whitest and purest of meal. And then i

during the coming week, whether in the old-time hoecake ;

patted smooth and thin by old Aunt Hannah’s honest hand, or

in crisp and flaky mufiins, or in corn dumplings, dished from i

the cavernous pot that hung from the crane, or in old time

“cracklin’ bread" that I have tried to canonize in homely !

verse, it was the sweetest, the most tempting, the toothsomest

that ever touched or tickled my hungry palate, for “Uncle
Jack” and old Aunt Hannah were simply adepts in their
special lines.
The memory of its sweetness and its wholesomeness as it
comes back to me today over the waste of vanished years has
prompted and inspired this unpretending tribute to this old :

time mill, that furnished for me the stafi: of life for nearly
fort}^ years.
Nestled away shaded cove, not far away from our
in a
little town, there is whose limpid waters
a gurgling spring,
form the source of Grindstone Branch. Aeons and aeons ago,
when the world was young, it began its babbling life and
trickling and gliding through sunny valleys, whose spring
time air was laden with the fragrant breath of bay and jasmine
and honeysuckle, it passed on its maiden path a mammoth
boulder from whose granite heart long years later, grindstones
and gravestones and millstones were chiseled into form,. giving
the stream its peculiar christening. It had rambled but a
little way from its bubbling home when there came to meet it

another stream, that finds its birth near Friendship Church,

and has been known in later years as Friendship Branch.

.jflllM 23aQH<I «J0 3HT

eycwls'esw ysb'Wts^ e iSb l»c<^lx;o«l ^niiutl

'ircb tlim**

5l^ 9 W 5 rfl ^nhub, i)^nw3'3Q £ u .bB^iajmorl hlo srf! J4

*»'« il
Jurfl^eis? 3rirnW>ti!)| :jiJJ moil ^iiW->rta
.*3 bio oiii ni b»<|S3iI
lio bofiSmoo io '*'jnul“ IsuatJ afU
>baU" blo ’io XlftsH w
baiH'A io «>(. io iSJo^I VBbii»Jfl3
ssorfw ".isriwoM
bloov/ .Ib<}2 oJ b 3 in*»I i3v»ri lYffif 1 smsn
9 >»(iv/B,tlijn 4‘->?>orf^ bto #rfJ ol isvo
[(illi:l8 »dl isbnp ,

bscnio^8n«ir9rf blcow li ,«i»6o<m "-AsbI sbnU" to

asrii J>flA flwtp .to.*?’!^ ,.

silsaijti smiJ-blo' srf} n( .Jl'is*' Sf'moa'sdi ^nhub

•£ri Jsanorf s'dsnrtfiH tW. Wo xd mrti bnB^cfJodms bsiicq

Bioil bidaib ,e3nUqlniib ntoa trl kH .anifturn bns qeho ni

smil Wo n?.io ,»n*i3 arti mSfli Snurf Jcdl toq

zuomavaa sdJ

Xhmoxl «?W^w
Jt9mo8dJooJ sdj’.aajiqmsl Jaofn 9 ib adi esw Ji ,»Ri»y
is’rt jsdj
obriU** iol^,»3ElBq W* bsWaiJ lOjJbodaooJ
VisdJjtlii 8lqol>«!;„Xlqf«'« dcnn«H triI»A blcT’ bn* "Jasl
“ " .esnilUbsq*
I - <1

^8B 883 n 9 mU9 <<Wv/ 5 l» bnjye»nii>3'«« ell Vo xiomam »dX

asd *is9X bsrisinjjv yshol 9tn ol docd wtnoa
to sle*w 9 rii i 9v<i

blOjEidl ol sJtidii} ^flib(i«aiqw» eidl baiiqani bn* b^moiq

iol badRitiiul ln/IiSttiTn amil
vhlsn slil to*1ft*la nrtl ‘ifit

V '

-fl x'N , ,

•jSjo inotl xsivrs i*l Ion ,»/(» >»b*rfe s ni xe’^a balm/

'/ia»*-*%iqfnd c ki »l 9 flj .n 9/ol alJlil

laiaoe adl rnioi

,05* enoas bn* srtoaA 4dan*i3 an^'^iabniii!) to
bn* alii anilddfid' Ml ncjiad ii .%nat> f y.t'n bhov/ aril
•jonqe aeoriv/ ,exall*v x***’'i* ri^jt/Kitll ^nibil^ bn*

janittiMi bn* x*<l to riuaid in«Tjf*il vt(j rfi)!// nsbcl e*w ii* amiJ

dlofnmini * ilifiq
nabiani eil Uaa**q i* saWauax^^®^ bn*
eanoiebniia ,ial*I eicaxTjnol ncaii aeoriv/ moil labluod
gnivia ,«nol otni balaeiria aiaw SaooJa.'Um Wi« aanouavaia bos
-aninalenda iciluaaq eli meant 9 dS
* Ittdpbaldmsi bed ll
Ti laam 0} amsa aiaril nariw amod aniWdud tai /noil x^w
.nifiaii* ladlonf
.riaioiD qidebnahX* i*an rinld Mi tboft'Jsdi
vrionBia qldefinaiiX t* eisax 1*1 nwonri naad *«d dW bM
05 3
Reluctant each to travel alone the long journey that lay
before them, they agreed to wed and as their fates were joined
a tinyrainbow that spanned the rim of a gleaming bubble
formed the marriage ring while the silver throat of a mocking
bird caroled their wedding march and the soft brown eyes of a
startled fawn witnessed their plighted troth. For ages and
ages their mingled waters rippled and sang and gurgled and
foamvd on their winding way to their far away ocean home.
Through the tangled thickets that lined their shores the In-
dian hunter pursued his game or at eventide on its shaded
banks he fished in its eddying pools.
But the years went by and the “Pale Face” came and he said
to the Brother in Red, as Greely said at a later day, “Go West,
young man, go West.” And he went, but the streamlet rippled
on with never a thought of a rumbling mill or a dam to bar its

But it chanced one day that Absalom Rhodes

Looked down on its waters clear,
And he thought to himself, if he failed to say,
You’ve loitered and idled for many a day,
With never a thought, but to gambol and play;
ril harness }^ou up in the old-time way,
And I’ll put you to work, without any pay,
For many and many a year.

And across from the slopes on either side,

Sturdy and strong and tall,

There rose a bulwark of solid earth

Like an old-time fortress wall.

And over the water’s glint and gleam
He builded an old-time mill,
With many a rafter, many a beam
And many a twelve-inch sill;
With an old-time wheel and hard grey stone.
And a hopper that opened wide;
And the mill boys came from far and near.
From village and country side.

XbI istil i^trtuol 3PoI ^tjolo (sysil t{u1}ub>i
And the old mill grumbled and ground away,
In summer and winter’s cold.

While the miller stood by and tolled the corn,

And many a story told.

But the years went by and Absalom Rhodes was called to

his last long home, but the drowsy mill ground on and on, for
a sturdy son was there to take the old man’s place. And for
nearly the half of a hundred years he stood in the old mill
door with a smile always on his sunny face and a word of cheer
on his genial lips. But there came a time when age and feeble-
ness became liis lot, a time when the strong men bowed them-
selves and the keepers of the house trembled, and he was
forced to yield his post to younger and less skillful hands.
And still the mill ground on and on till it chanced one day that
the rains descended and the floods came and the waters chafing
and fretting in their long confinment rose and swelled and beat
against their bars, but the sturdy dam held for a time its own.
But inch by inch the waters crept up towards its crowning
summit and then at last a tiny streamlet trickled over, wearing
a tiny pathway in the solid earth. And then the rent grew
larger and larger and broader till, wdth a mad rush, the whirl-
ing waters burst their bonds sweeping away timbers and
earth together and roaring and raging in their madness
wrecked other mills below.
The mission of the old mill had been for all these years
a peaceful one, save for a single day. Once on a summer’s
morning in ’65 the miller’s baby boy, the youngest of his
flock and then just budding into manhood, had taken his
father’s station by the grinding stones for only a little while.
He stepped out on the uncovered sleepers that spanned the
deep fore-bay and missed his footing and then was hurled
into the seething w'aters that lay below\ Stunned by the fall
they bore him to the whirling wheel, w'hose cruel arms
chrushed out his young and buoyant life.
And now for years and years the old mill has stood but
the ghost of its former self, idle and tenantless and dumb.
The gaping hopper is empty and the drowsy rumble of the
buitciji bun Ifim bio oib boA
jrijf Wr .bIcD Imia -MimfWif nl

^too. d(U b«Ilo4 bnjs xpf i^lim odJ alidW *4’ V

^ b»oJ y50»« xcTcm bnA
I \

oi afiiw* eoboilM isynfl^^d jnow ®n?o*(. oiti lufl

io\ ,fTO'bn« fio bfir;^^ Uirij r«tv/oib -odJ twd

,omori ^nol «id ml
«'frAf(rljio OJ oi^rfj «s// no« x*>^mT 8 fi
Him bio wiJ m b(5)J« od ImbnucI s >o lUri orij
losdo )o blow « bns eld rra eTfiwk olime s dim loob
-dIdooV'bni]^^» narlvw iwmi oii^di iwE .eqtl Uino^g eid no
cid* ^eofl"-
-moitr bWiW’ltSffn '^ttoTil
eaw ot| . hn«' ,b»i4in»T^ Wod '*dl to ei^qo 2»>( >di bn«' wvloe

,«fanud luilliala «oi bna of J»oq aid bioht oi booiol

orK?b^fidt> li 00 bna no imjtioi^ Him orfi iliie bnA
Jfidl x«b

^nftfidi) eiiinw »d>.biiJ 5 abooft odJ bnfi bobnooeob enisT odl

l^od bn* bolbw® inofrmfliroo 3110 ibril ni yiiltoil bns


Mwo ^1i omil * 10} Jud .eisd ijptb lams^

bbd m&b xbwn i>di

^ninwoiD eli^^abiswol qu ^di doni vd doni Jufl iqw

vmi * le n^rtl ba* jirmnoe
5^nh*ow ,i 3 Vo b*I>lD‘m ij>hn*wa la*!

WOTS Jn^ noiif hpA ' bllci oril m x^wdisq xnil b

*f-hidvfodl ,d 8 UT b*m * dlt^ .UfJ ittbfiQid bn s bns i9^i€^
bn*‘ii ffsodmi) abnOd ibdl laiud aiolew
%eonb*ra liodl m S^nftOifbn* iddi^^oi dim.
.woiid allifn lodlo bodaoiw
moY oaodl lU lol nood bio odl lo noiaaim iriT
*^S9mmo*%-not9M(0'’a.vKb »Iihi« s 3VM .sno It/lssBaq s

»iri ,V«I
Ip Jasantjox trt»
an'^o*" 2^'*"* "

yiilibud l«ui nsril bnc djoft

2 iri nsJfiJ bid .boorfawn ol»rti

"O*^*^* *”-i9flJ*l
.stiHw »lMit s xtno wl siiil'Bna X<l
.srfJ no Joo bsqqsia »H
sriJ baonaq* }eriJ‘«i9q»(«"bOT9/‘Jsno
nadJ bnfiSjjrtiXKil wd l*a»ai/n bns x*<*-9iol
* bahuti «w
lls) adl x<l bafinoia Iwofad YitI i*dl »ia)fiw jjnidJaaa adt
aeodw Jaad'w gniliidw adJ oJ miri'aiod x^dJ
zniiB la'ins^
./ !alil jnsxout* •>"* anuox bademda

""jod boole 6*d Him bio adJ Rtsax b«« eie^X

fdmob bot^MaUnenai bnB aibi .llaa lannoi «Ji ]o Jwdj a4l-;i
- arfl lo aldmii^ x«wo-ib" adJ bn«
xJqmv ai laqqod sruq**^^^'
hard grey stones is hushed and the busy wheel feels the cool-
ing splash of the rippling waters but stands in its utter loneli-
ness useless and barren and still. The beautiful inland lake
that stood beside it whose limpid waters perch and bream
and in

and wide-mouthed trout sported and splashed and on soft

spring days laid their spawn in the shining sands below, no
longer gleams and glistens in the morning sunlight and the
mill boys come no more.
The active brain that planned it and the sturdy arms that
built it and the patient hands that served it, have long since
inouldered back to mother earth, and the old mill, like its master,
iscrumbling, piece by piece, back to its kindred dust. But the
rippling waters still dance merrily on their journey, laughing at
the old mill as they pass it, and singing as they gurgle

“For men may come and men may go.”

And mills may bar my liquid flow

For fifty or a hundred years or so,

“But I go on forever.”

buicuit li «ino»t x»i* »>««|
. -looo sdi al»»l I»»dv» tai/d •>*?» !>«• |
ni »b«J* f»tf mdJsw d**lq* gni ;

-ilsnof -raMu eli

hjia'n'jntd l)n» a«Js«a Rwi

-jjIeI bnfilni ti»!U«e»d ofTT JiiSe „
biqrtfiTieotfw flt brtn li sbU^d boost tsrtl
mEsid bnfi doiaq ai 9 )*v>'

bne b*noqa^ iuoiJ bsHiuom-sbiw bnt

Jloe no bns -bsriaiJtta
«bn«! sowirfi iiii nwfiqa lisrii bi*I“eYsb jnhqa
on .wolsd frt

gniniom yHj rti amsals i’Sitof

tfiareilg bnfi
9 ffj bnfi irf^ilnua
i B I .MCnn on stnoo a'(od Him
li.bsnnelq jcrii nisitl »-/iJoc *.rfT
aims YlVim* isis bi»«
»rtj bits li Jliud
jf ssnte gndl avs(4 f^»i bsvrta' Jfiilff sbnsil Jnoilnq
' ,TWtrfeJi»dildt}* tit&»f!>})ris.tlnBii9d»omoi>io8dbM»bl«orti j

Jtia Kmib b'llftMisfeiSli 03 iJasd ,« 5>iq wiq .^nitdmmo «i S

tiiril no i(Ihi»fn ftonsb Hti* eisisv/

IS ^iiiii;gnsl ,^»mooi
1 9t^*ui^ '^fidl as 3^^018 bus 88sq x^dl as iiim bio idl
Among the families not so prominently identified with this
community as those already noted and yet bearing such per-
sonal relation to it as to warrant recognition in these records
was that of Major Freeman Walker. With the tide of immi-
gration that flowed into this section of Georgia from Virginia
in the later years of the eighteenth century there came four
brothers, George, Freeman, Valentine and Robert Walker.
Some reference has already been made to Valentine as Justice
of the Inferior Court for Richmond county from 1812 to 1836.
George Walker was a prominent member of the young Au-
gusta bar in 1797, and an intimate friend of Peter Crawford of
Columbia county, who gave to his son, afterwards member of
Congress, twice governor of Georgia and secretary of war
under President Taylor, the name of George Walker Crawford.
Robert Walker was also a lawyer serving as solicitor general
of the Superior Court from 1804 to 1808 and as judge of that
tribunal from 1813 to 1816.
Freeman Walker was born at Charles City, Va., Oct. 25,
1780, came to Georgia in 1797, studied law in the office of his
brother George and was probably afterwards associated with
him in its practice as I find in the records of the old Inferior
Court that Walker & Walker represented either the plaintiff
or defendant in a large number of cases coming before that
tribunal in those early days. In 1803 Freeman married Mary
Garlington Creswell, a native of Wilkes county, and a niece
of Governor Matthew Talbot. Some years before, George
Walker had married Eliza Talbot sister of the governor, and
at a later date Valentine Walker, after the death of his first
wife, who was a Miss Arrington, married Zemula Whitehead,
a widow and a sister of Mary, wife of Freeman Walker.
These matrimonial alliances closely connected the Walker
and Talbot families, a fact perpetuated in the names of Gen.
William Henry Talbot Walker and his son William H. T. Jr.,
Laura Talbot Galt, the charming Kentucky girl, who won the
love of every Confederate soldier by refusing to sing “March-
ing Through Georgia,” at the behest of her Northern teacher,


^ ..i **h--_ 4 '.

dliw b^ai^fl^b^ xUnsaimoiq SflOfoA

^ 9*orit te yjint/ttiBJOs
-13<J ri'jue
gniissd Jax bus !>»H'0
ebioosi 989riJ ni nai»ifl8099ri meiTnw <>j «* li " nobslpi Ifiooe

-ijnim io 9 l»ii iriJ rfjl W /»Bnts 9 il W JsdJ asw

siiila-iiV au^X lo uoiiaaf eiflJ olni bawofi JbiIj noilng
ifloi9m«3 aiariiJ adi lo ai* 9 X "'***1 •**

1951UW JiJtloa bfls ,^.1-m^BV ,931090 ^eiadloid


9ohftu^ it 9cUn9L#f/^ ol abiiin naad xbR 9 ilB sfiri aonaialai 9nioS

liuoD loiiaJitl '9rii to
.dj8i 04 C181 nioii
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to biolw*iD laJaT to bn»nl Sdsmiyii fit bn£


io I9din9tn 8 biowi 9 )U’.-'i<« «>ri OJ 9v«3 oriw ,xlnoo9

1SV/ to xistoiow ,bn* BigiooO io 101119/03 aoiwJ ,i«9T3noO
stilJ ,ioIxbX Jnabiwi^ labnti
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l£i9n93 loiioiloft ziS^ 3
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'’n .&i8r 0} ti8i moiJ Janndhi
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i?>HsW iiBinaaiX
cid io MHio 9rfJ njftwet bolhrUa ,XW> ni^fiisio 90 oJ ainsD ,08x1
'ibiw b'aJsbosai gSiswiaJlB «*" a^ioaO larfJoid

loiialnl Wo 9dJ to ebwsot adl ni bnS 1 « saiiseiq «Jt ni mid

ftijnialq aril lariJio baJnoaiitiai lailtsW rZ i95llfiV<^toill imoD
l*dt’’9 ioi9 d, 3 nin309 sstea to ladmiin 931st
s ni Jnsbnalab io
9«oitl ni Isnudiit
XisM baiiiism nsmasi"? ZO»X'nl ,»xsb
999iii s bns ,x^niioo aadli'// to aiiJsti s jHayitaiO noi3nitisO
»3i09p .9ioiad nsax ’«»2 jiSdlsT warfiisU lonwoO
lalaia 10ff(i;T «sH 3 bainsm bsd laillsW
bn*' ,iom9vo8 9ftl lo
Jeift eiri to rfJsab 9 iil laiis
.ladisWi aniinalsV 9 )sb isJsl tit
.bsariilirfW sInmsS bainsm .fio»3iiiiiA n’M esw odw .sliw

n 6 ni 99 i3 lo 9 iiv/
.191IIB.V/ to^9 »JEie s bne wobiw s

i9iUsW aril b 9 } 99 mi 03 xlaaoIa'ewncilLfi toinomiilsm 989 dT

•naO io gamsn aril ni baisnlaqiaq issl s .aaitimsl
lodUT bus
siri bns i9ittsW lodUT xinaH rnsilOW
,.1^. .T .H msilliW noe

aril now oriy/j.tirs xdaolnaJit

guimisib aril ,lls0 todtsT siti^^
•ri3isM“ gn’ie ol„8ni*iiiai^X<t i9iblo* alsiabaliioD ^ ? .‘f

.lailssal madnoVI lari io^aariad aril is

^sigioaO dgooidT
,™»r- .
IS Isham Talbot, a Revolutionary
a lineal descendant of Capt.
officer and a cousin of Gov. Matthew Talbot and is therefore
connected by ties of blood with the descendants of both
George and Freeman Walker. Before or after his marriage
Freeman built the residence recently removed from the corner
of Greene and Washington streets and that Henry Clay during
his visit to the city in 1844 pronounced the prettiest home in
Here the larger number if not all of his children were born.
He owned also a summer residence known as Bellevue stand-
ing on what are now the Arsenal grounds and sold in Novem*-
ber, 1826, to John Quincy Adams, as President of the United
States for Arsenal purposes. He lived at one time also, at
Spring Hill, near Gracewood, Ga., on or near the site of the
present residence of Allen W. Jones. Flis home was destroyed
by fire and his exposure on the night of the burning brought

to Major Walker a pulmonary complaint that ended his life

September 23rd, 1827. I am inclined to believe that after the
loss of his residence he built the home known as Tranquilla,
that stood within the limits of our town in the rear of the
Turner dwelling, was occupied by his widow after his death
and was sold to Absalom Rhodes. During the residence of
Mrs. Freeman Walker at Tranquilla in 1833, the “stars fell,” as
it was termed and Mrs. Walker believing with many others
that the world had come to an end sent for Rev. Robert Allen,
who lived not far away. He came, the family, white and col-
ored were gathered into the home and a prayer service was
During my
boyhood or early manhood, I was told that
Madame Octavia Walton Levert the brilliant and fascinating
daughter of George Walton, Jr., the friend of Henry Clay,
W'ashington Irving and many other distinguished men, hon-
ored during her European tour by presentation at the courts
of both England and France, endowed with mental gifts of the
highest order and a personal charm that made her a favorite in
the salons of Paris and among the poor of ?^Iobilc, had once
lived at Tranquilla. I have made much effort to verify the

statement but with no marked degree of success. The remark


'(ir.nojiufovdH^s .JondrsT mmleT .^^lO lo jmibn»3ttb f^iul « ti 1

3'roV9i3fil ai bm: !0dl»l% w5rft1sM .yot> k> ntBuoo a tm&

rfJbd Iq eln»bxt»3a:ib 5iiJ klw^ b^Id aoh \d b*>i'j'jnno7 1

aid lo httg nj['»o30
i5inoo moT^ \Lja5:>di%on3bia5T sill tfh/d rcxfw^tH
W TiJiii brra noi'^nlrfafi''// bna oirmD 1o
tj'i yrtiorl ia^hjiiq sffi baonuorroiq 14*81 ni'xtb 9th oi liai/ aid

.mod 5i^w anb^frio eM }o Jia wjrfi i^dmun 15311:1 sdj 5i5H
-buJK^t 5f;Y5ii5& ao ftvroii^l ^^nsbla^i lommiie £ of la banvio 5H
-m5vo>I ftiTbfoa br»A^|bntioi3 lansaiA :>ftJ won 5ifi lad 7/ no gni
b5}tnU 3di ib ft#r varnibA

la \oaU Wnit 3no la b!?vH 5H .eazoqinq ranoaiA. lol aotcfd

srfi^^o 5lie ad> la^n to 'nd t.eO \i>oow53aiO laon .ItiH ^niiq?
I)ivbtla5b aaV; 5/cK'id
^>no[ .Y/.n5lfA I0 oon^bta^i Jrt-j*"jT<|
td^noid ^riimtod 5fU I9 Jd^iii 5riJ no 5Todoqx5 aid bna 5id
* 5}JU^ajd bsbm^ladf JnijstqmoD \iiihotnhjq a i5dIfiV/ loiaU ol
5rfi i5j}aSadj 9voIM ot bsitHoni ma I *^l8i i5dni5l<t»5
.aintipinaiT a*a nwonil 9cnod >dt fliod 5d 55nobia5T aid lo aaol
5di lo i£5'i 5?l*^^)flSr itwof luo 16 aJrmxf odi nhUiw boon ladi
dia5^ aid I5.tla wobiw aid vd bbiqwooo aav/ ,3ndl5V/b i^mwT
9baMe9^%dli^w .ei^bodH motaadA ol Idea sev/ hns
ac ”115} arala'* ^^dl «i anir/pnarT laisdlaW .ail4
ai5rilo ^adr^ibd i35fli;fW .eihl b9cm9J aaw li
,n5f(A'^lt5do^ .V55T tol Ifi5a bno /;t ol amoD bad bhow 5H1 ladi
-l05^bna slirbw 5II ,x^w£ ibI ion b5vil odw
aaw 55ivt5a^q5X£*q » brta amori adi^olni b5T5dlB3 5 tow bno

ifidi blol eaw I ;boodn*m boodxod x«i snnnQ

3xiilantbfaf bn* Infidlhd 9ilJ mvij nolUW
aivaloO TmabuM
,XJsO X^n^H lo fansttl '531050
5ftllo loldgusb
-nod Tnsm b5d8iu3nil^ifb T5dlo xn^^^^abne ^nivil noisnidaiiV/

aJiuOo^odJ I* noilBlmadiq x^ naaqoloH isri ^nhub bno ]

5dl lo zlllg Utnom rfliw bowobrts .53n*t^ bna bnbl^nS diod lo

ni olhovfil-B T5d 5bBrn ladi bna i^bio leod^id

miada fcnoai5q c
5ono bed .olidol^ lo loo^^fll ^fiomc bnc thu^ lo ^mdga 5dl
5dl^X^h5v.^ol 110^5 dDiirn abtm 5VBd I .aUixiptiiS^tTf i'* bi^yii
iolismii 9dT 2^tt9^9va lo aoxSTlb bsdiBrn on iiliw iti<^ I Jamitit

'L *il
was probably suggested by the appearance of her “Souvenirs
and may have been based upon an extended visit
of Travel/’
made during her girlhood to the home of her relative Mrs.
Freeman W’alker. Madame Levert was the grand-daughter
of George Walker, her father having married his daughter
Sallie, thus giving her close relationship to both Freeman
Walker ahd his wife Mary. Though dying at the compara-
tively early age of forty-seven Freeman Walker filled large
space in the professional and official life of his day. Many
times a representative of Richmond county in the General
Assembly and four times ^layor of Augusta he was chosen
in 1819 to succeed John Forsyth as U. S. Senator from Geor-
gia, but after two years’ service he resigned to resume his
law practice. His distinguished friend Richard Henry Wilde
speaks of him as a man of engaging personal appearance, bril-
liant talents, a graceful and fluent speaker with a vein of
pleasing humor in his mental make-up, but above and beyond
these and more than these as a man of gentle, generous heart
in whom the milk of human kindness never curdled, as the fol-
lowing incidents that have come to me at various times and
with no purpose of their being used in these or any other rec-
ords will serve to show. In the early years of the 19th cen-
tury a young Virginian came to Richmond county looking for
employment and a home. The school at Mont Enon had re-
cently been established and he was chosen as its teacher.
Freeman Walker met him and was favorably impressed
with his character and talent, and urged him to abandon the
school room and enter his office as a law student, offering to
give him the benefit of his own experience and legal learning.
He accepted the offer, was admitted to the bar, won success
as a lawyer, filled the bench of the Superior Court for a longer
term perhaps than any other occupant in all its history and I
am sure no man in all the State has worn judicial ermine more
ably or more honorably or held the scales of justice with more
impartial hand than William W. Holt.
One day a client from one of the country districts came to
Alajor Walker’s office to ask advice about the drawing of a
will. A little boy was with him and his brightness so attracted

"''Ill m
Minsvwoff* nif »o «flnsiq^* >iU Tt? Ik>j»5i80«
»vsri vain. bn* J9v«i l Jo
>r >
Jieiv bsbnsJxy ft* iifitju f

boodliis »»«
.aiU sviJsloi 7»rf te >moii »rf) oJ
ir-v-jJ’ wnubsl/. ««««»•'
i»jri8ii«b-bn*i8 »/!»
b»hiam 5)nr/«rl |ori*.-.ojJUV/

qjrienoiJfiJa-i i»rf gnr/iij sort!

nemsaiH^ riJod ot
.neqmoo arti W gnixb dsuoriT .-n*K brt*

rrHWN nwrtaailf n»v>«-’<no1 1 o »se y.lwa

98ic! b9l!ft
Iwaffiotsiioisaaloiq aril ru sosqe
yn*M Xy«l> aid
at tittnoa w«oinriai| lio
svbEinawiqai • «*««'»
aagj.i? '•“o^ bn« yldm^eA
ni«oito esw wl 'sJwauA to wx*f/-

filial .baaaou* o) e>«« «
aid amBtat'ol.bansiMT ^a»-o9* ‘*t»X «•''< •*'»

bBariV.feort*i«aBbilfa ^IH .««;air.q wbI

9 bliV/ yin^H bioibW
-ihd .9DnrtS9^8"l®no*>9q.ania»af« W" * ** n''** sils^q*

M»»ft bn« l«iwM»,S .ajnalaJ mwl

rfjrw t«|0»c|g

"torniav “i
lEJrta*n *t«i ni lomtrtl amtsslq
bnovad bns S'tod* j'ud ,qu-9ol*in
" ttfiotl awmartaa .atinaa to
natxn t m vaih
boe wa/li (i*Hi win ,

to >!Ufn sift moriw ni

-loViadt eBj.boltotio wan seadlrtiiat nBmito
yMil.todi awabbrn aoiwol

bnc asmb 8Boh*» 1« a.n oj ami-o
to b*ta» X«bd abrtJ lo aaoqiuq oa cftiw
il-S 9 i larfto Xtti to
r'‘^nso dJ0i aii/'to aia»X tl"***
o> araas n«iniaiiV a««oy *
Li:ito snrioto-XtoiKj'S Iwowitoia
^ '-91
bed itona inoK’ loorfa* sH'f U
amorf s b«fi Jnafftxolqm?
bn* bsrieildBiea na»d ^ftnaa
'hsrfSBSJ «i «6.aa#od9 *rl

es¥/ brtft wtixf ^^^UV/ nRtuM^

- bseayiqmr
9 aiH.I .«6 .milEJ bn*
i^ioBnsib aid ifti«
I, 9 d) fiohnBdB.OJ mill l.

.Jflsbuia wto 8 »s »to iSJtis bae mooi IroriM

'l |o),snm«o
aid lo laifisd sill mid svi^
^imwldsasf b«8 saiiamqxa nWo
adJ bsJqaoos aH
! aeaMuataow«.i8d sdJ ei trtiiiHib* eew .toUo
isRiioI tiuoDioi^lue »<ft
i loV k
dm9d'9d»J)?llfl .iaX"®l « «*
tefiqiwoi' I’dio X"* aq*di»q nnsi
I bne '{loleid eJi 11* ni
atom Sninn"» toitobut *«d 9)8^2 «ft U* ni n®fn o" siu* m«
iSsiom dJW stoleot to *dJ toad w
yldsiosod siom io xl4*
^ .iJoH .W mJsHliiV/ nnjijVbnsd Ifiimqrw

oJ^mso XrinuOD To
^niwAib ^Uf c»t
9rfi itaodt >aivbfc
BednJilshd aid bas niiH diiw iC'//
bMonJifi 02 ‘ ‘


I ,
the genial lawyer that he offered to take him in his office and
aid him in securing an education. The
was accepted and offer
the aid extended. The boy grew up under Major Walker’s
guidance, studied law in his office and in time became United
States Senator and the efficient and honorable head of one of
the largest corporations in Georgia.
To Major Walker’s country home there came one even-
ing an impecunious pioneer preacher, who asked accommoda-
tions for the night. He was kindly invited in for the Major
always kept an open house. The preacher was riding a regular
Rosinante, rawboned and probably old enough to vote. When
ready to resume his journey on the following day, Major
W'alker called one of his servants and naming one of his
favorite horses, said “Put the preacher’s saddle on that horse

and leave his in my lot. I am going to swap with him.” The

preacher’s sermon as he preached that day showed probably
added fervor and effectiveness for the difference in his mount.
I am glad to know that this gospel of helpfulness, of human
brotherliness that shone in the life of Freeman Walker has
been in large measure transmitted to those in whose blood
and lineage he lives today.
The following incidents in the life of Major Walker
though differing in character from those already cited may
be worthy of record in this story. The late Col. Charles C.
Jones in evidence of the fact that iMajor Walker’s usually
genial and affable temper could be aroused to honest ire on
proper provocation gives the following. At a session of the
court at which the famous Judge John Dooly was presiding,
a bar supper was given. The wine flowed freely. Judge
Dooly’s wit was at keenest and Major Walker was made

the special butt of his jokes. The genial victim bore it until
forbearance ceased to be a virtue and then rising in his wrath
he seized a chair and advanced upon the Judge with the evi-
dent intention of acting as chairman of the meeting and of
giving to his antagonist “the floor” but not in the usual parlia-
mentary way. Judge Dooly grasped a carving knife from the
table and rose to defend himself when one of the guests seized
Major Walker, while, three encircled the Judge to stay the

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threatened trouble.Judge Dooly turned to the barricade that
“Two of you go and hold Major Walker,
invested him and said,
one man can hold me.” The remark created a laugh in which
the Major was forced to join, the war-clouds were lifted and
“peace reigned again in Warsaw.” The following story is

vouched forby my good friend. Rev. W. E. Johnston, a grand-

son of Major Walker. The Major owned a trusted slave
named Harry whom he made his coachman. While his master
was a strictly temperate man, Harry developed an abnormal
propensity for looking upon the wine when it is red, and his
attacks of inebriety sometimes occurred on very inopportune
occasions. The Major did not have the heart to punish him
but finally said to him, “You’ve got to quit it. You simply
can’t drive me when you are drunk.” Harry promised amend-
ment, but when the next session of the court was about to
convene, and his master after ordering his coach came out
to begin his journey, he found that Harry had fallen from grace.
He was barely able to sit upright, the reins were held with
unsteady hand and he was furnishing a fairly good object
lesson for the present paramount issue in Georgai legislation,
“Get down,” said the master and Harry slowly dismounted
from his seat. And then opening the door of the carriage the
Major with a courtly bow said. “Get in there, you're too drunk
to drive me and I’ll drive you to court.” The negro begged
and pleaded without avail and finally clambered in while the
Major mounted the driver’s seat, grasped the reins and began
his journey. x\fter driving for some miles the master felt some
curiosity to know how his passenger was faring and bending
over he looked into the window to find the carriage empty.
Further investigation showed that the negro humiliated by the
lesson had raised the rear curtain clambered out and sitting on
the dickey seat or standing on the rear of the axle was playing
the role of footman. And in this style the coach wended its
way -to its destination with a driver and footman but with
“nary” a passenger. Whether the lesson given was effective
in bringing about permanent amendment in Harry’s ways I
am not advised.


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While on a story telling line the following incidents in
the of iGen. Val. Walker, brother of Freeman may not be

lacking in interest to the reader. The General seems to have

been a rather unique character, a sort of rara avis, in his day.
During his service as Judge of the Inferior Court and at a date
when Holland McTyre, uncle of the late Bishop Holland N.
McTyre of Southern Methodist Church and Absalom
Rhodes already written up in these records, were his conferes
on the bench, a traveling showman applied to them for license
to exhibit an Egyptian mummy in Augusta. In making the
application he stated that the mummy was three thousand
years old. “What,"’ said Judge McTyre, three thousand years
old? Why that’s mighty old.” Judge Rhodes in order to
digest the statement more effectually took an abnormal pinch
of snuff and Gen. Walker said to the applicant, ^^And is it a
living creetur?”
Whether the permit was granted does not appear on the
traditional record at least.
Aside from Gen. Walker’s long, continuous service as a
member of this tribunal he was for many years a member of
the General Assembly from Richmond county. During this
service a body of Unitarians in Augusta decided to build a
church and requested Gen. Walker to secure the necessary
legislation. The bill was introduced and when it had reached
its third reading he rose to explain its purpose and advocate

its passage. While doing so a country member interrupted

him with the following question: “Gen. Walker, do the peo-
ple that want this bill believe in the Trinity?” “Oh, ele-
gantly. responded the General with one of his
blandest smiles. The
bill was passed without further inquiry
or objection and a house of worship was erected as I am in-
formed on the site of the present Opera House. Many years
ago the late Clarence V. Walker gave me the following story:
After Gen. Val. Walker had been a Representative from
Richmond for many terms, a young and aspiring lawyer from
Augusta decided that rotation was in order and announced
himself a candidate against the General. On day
two of the young lawyer’s friends drove out to one of the


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country precincts on electioneering purpose bent and taking
with them a bottle whose contents were to be used as a snake
bite remedy or a political persuader as occasion might require.
Reaching the ground they tackled an old- time resident of
Pinetucky who had been a uniform supporter of Gen. Walker.
Argument proving unavailing they reinforced it with a draught
from the bottle, but the Pinetucky voter after partaking of their
liquid hospitality said, ‘‘I am not ready to vote yit.’' At sun-
dry and divers times they repeated the dose but with the same
result. Finally the bottle was exhausted and they urged him
to deposit his ballot. “No,’' he said, “I want another drink.”
“We’re sorry but the supply is exhausted.”
“Oh, I can’t vote for your man, my man’s jug never gives
out.” Sherwood’s Gazetter of Georgia says that Gen. Walker
was like his three brothers a lawyer, but if so, as Col. Charles
E. Nisbet, son of Judge Eugenius A. once said of himself, he
was probably not “one to hurt.” He lived near Belleville
Factory, the site for that manufacturing plant having been sold
by him to George Schley and others, who were its projectors
and owners.
5}s -
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Eleanor Lexington, in describing the characteristics of the

general Walker tribe both in the old world and the new, says
that they are a fighting race, always ready to defend any flag
under whose protecting folds they chance to live. The de-
scendants of Freeman Walker furnish striking verification of
this statement. While his elder son, Beverly, devoted himself
to the peaceful pursuits of law and agriculture, younger
boys, both developed an early taste for military and both

fell victims to “grim- visaged war.” Gen. William H. T.

Walker entered the military academy at West Point at the age
of i6 and graduated in 1837, with the rank of second lieutenant.
Assigned to a regiment then serving under Col. Zachary Taylor
in the Seminole war he received three wounds in the engage-

ment that occurred near Lake Okeechobee in December, 1837.

As ambulances were not then a feature of military equipment,
he rode seventy-five miles on horseback to reach a point where
medical attention could be given his wounds. For gallantry in

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*Ai,41 I
this action he was promoted to first lieutenant. After his
recovery he served with his regiment until the close of the
Indian troubles in Florida in 1842. In 1845 he was made
captain and served with distinction through the Mexican war,
being twice promoted for heroic conduct in battle. In the
charge on the stone fortress of Molino del Rey, September 8,
1847, and while leading his regiment, he received a desperate
wound, which confined him to his bed for a year. In 1847
the State of Georgia presented him with a handsome sword for
meritorious service in the Florida and Mexican wars. From
1854 to 1856 he was commandant of the military academy at
West Point with the rank of colonel, and was later assigned by
Jefferson Davis, then secretary of war, to duty in Oregon.
In i860 he resigned his commission and threw himself
body and soul into the Confederate cause, serving as brigade
commander in Virginia, and on the coast of Georgia and
Florida, and later as Major General in Mississippi under John-
ston, and from Chickamauga to Atlanta with the Army of
Tennessee, giving always brilliant and daring service. As a
soldier he seemed not only absolutely indifferent to danger,
but rather to court its presence. Gen. W. L. Cabell in recalling
his association with Gen. Walker in the ’6o’s said that the
breath of battle always brought an unusual glitter to his eye,
and that he thought him the bravest man he had ever known.
On the morning of July 22, 1864, as Hardee’s corps was be-
ginning its attack upon the Union left, Gen. Walker rode to
an exposed position in front of his division to see that the lines
were in proper form, and a cruel minnie from the enemy’s
vidette line ended his brave, historic life. A hero of three wars,
Ifeel assured no battle soil on God’s green earth in all the ages
was ever stained by braver or by nobler blood than William
Henry Walker’s.
And now I cannot close this brief, imperfect notice of
Gen. Walker more fittingly than in the words of one, who was
the fittest of all men living or dead to utter then fittest be-

cause for a year and more before his leader’s death he was a
trusted and honored methber of Gen. Walker’s immediate
own brilliant courage and
military family; fittest because his

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-nrioX i^bntt ni ist^jrt^O lola!^ as i9i£l bns .BbiToll
Vo \rmA 9rlf fliiv/ amBii/. 03 B'^uamsd^iHD ittotVbna
£ aA gnhab b/ia fuaiffiid dyav/ls gniv^rg ,99aa9no9T
Lf' tiognab OJ iftatsTVtbnT ylno 5ort 9 rf -r^iblot
^aniifco^T ni IheiisD .J .V/ ,ni>0 .^ort^aiiq aji iwoo oi i^dJMi iad
3/(j i£di him ai/*od‘ 9ffj ni i^dlaV/ .n^D diiw nohsh^^^s aid
,3y3 wnij* UweofiU nn Jd^uoid ayswfs ^Ufkd Vo djc3id
«iii OJ
jnyfoa'A i 3vohad od narn la^vaid »dj mid Jd^oorit ad JsrfJ bn£
-ad aaw aqroa e'aabrAH as ,|id8i vjfj\. Vo ^nimofn adJ nO

OI afcioi ladkW .fraO noinlJ adifnoqt/ AoeUe ait >^ninni^

«aniV aiij Jiidl 01 not^ivib aid Vo jnoiV ni noilfaoq baabqxa n«
a’viTtaaa aril nr i) 9mni tn lamD' £ brtfi .nrroV laqoiq m aiaw
,aNsv# ayirii Vo 0*1 ad A .t*Vd aiaoiaid ^avaid aid babna and aJJabiv
aa^a adi Hb ni dn«a «aai^ e'hoO no Iloa allJed on baicr?«£ laaV I
mftiUiV/ rtndJ boold isidon yd io lavBid yd banrcJa la/a aavt

.a^adlBV/ ymaH
Vo aoijqn JoaViaqmi land aidi aaob lonni»a I won bn A
acw .ano Vo ilnow adj ni nndl vt^niud aio'm taillnW .naO
-ad laaJicV ;nadJ iaJJ« 03 bnab 10 ^^nml nam Hfi Vo itaud ad)
«*#fsw aji dJjsaf) %Sabual cid aioiad aiom bitn inay & ioV ‘^i/«a
air.ibammi .naO Vo ladmamr baipnnrf fcn^fi^«in)
line aj^eiijoo jneillhd nwo «id a^.j/naad )«ai)fV ; ylimii.

which he fought, best quali-
soldierly devotion to the cause for
him to speak of one, whose life from boyhood to the grave
was marked by infinite courage and devotion, fittest because
in the purity and sweetness of the limpid English that falls
from his gifted lips no human tongue excels him.
They are words spoken by Hon. Jos. B. Gumming at the
unveiling of the monument reared to iGen. Walker on soil made
sacred by, his hero blood: “What can any feeble word of mine
add to the facts of his honorable life and glorious death? If
I tell you that he was the bravest of the brave, the soul of

honor and generosity, the incarnation of truth, the mirror of

chivalry, the devotee, I had almost said the fanatic, of duty,
what do I say which his life and death have not proclaimed
with more of eloquence? I who knew him best in the latest
and most marked period of pronounce, in addition to
his life,

all I have said and to what his life and death have eloquently
proclaimed, that of all things under the vault of heaven, for
nothing, not even whistling bullet, nor shrieking cannon ball,
nor bursting shell, nor gleaming bayonet had he any fear for —
nothing save failure to obey to the letter and to do his soldierly
duty to the uttermost.”
“Lifting our eyes from this span of human life and regard-
ing the ages which will roll over this imperishable monument,
what a gainer he was by which we are commemorat-
the day
ing! On what of life may have re-
that day he exchanged for
mained to him in the order of nature, filled as it might well
have been with sorrows and trials and disappointments, and
which in any event would have terminated long before this

morning on that day he exchanged for that fragment of
mortal life the everlasting fame, which this monument will
make perpetual.
“We therefore salute thee, thou stately shade, who we fain
would believe dost move invisible across this scene ;
we salute
thee not only with honor, but with felicitations, thou brave
and gallent soldier, thou true and knightly gentleman, thou
of the generous heart, thou of the dauntless spirit, who didst
fall on this spot, which we can only mark, but thou didst con-

»d /Isirf-w '“*1 aoiJavsU xlwiblo*
-ttswp iaid .irfliuol
»«bi)v» .sno to J*->qa oJ mirf bad
avsia >riJ OJ booiixod
^oiJofsbjMii: s'aiKiooo aiinflni \<i bajJaani e*w
a2U»9<J laallfl
to aa«>iil99a/a bn« XJnun

alUl taitJ rfaHsrta bkjtwit -.nil

alaoxa so^noJ nflinwri on aqil baJlig *"1

s;c;#s?<® .miH

a* }e aiiimtot) .3

abfiin tioe no
M vri naitona abno ^r aa#

.BaCJ; oi baiaaa tnamuiiom aiiJ

to jmto/iia
JariW* boold oiari a.rt,x<! baiaw
anim to btdta aldaai xu* :

aid to aJaal adl oi bb«

II iriJsab Moiwis bn« ati; aldsionwl
eew 'ad JmU itox I
to Juoa adl ,av«d adJ to Ja^vnd

a* ,xii*oianaa bns lonod

to lOTilm to .toiwifmani
bis*^<M»to-b*id^^-aaloj»9h >*dl.-.XTtov^- .

.vlub lo .ajsHW.^»dt
bamudaoiquloti avBd bns alii aid riaidw yae I ob IbHw
atom >^iw
lealBlad^nl lead mid wind odw I ^aonaupola to
aid to boiaaq badinm l«o^ bn*
ol noilibba Bi ,aa*.BOf.oiq
yIlnanpoIa*ir*rf dl»ab bat. aidisdw ol bn* bsM av^ 1 II*
adl aabnu *snMl H« to isdl .bamielsoaq
lol^naysarf to If Jav
ToaMaHnd ??nib?ldv/ nava iqn .'aniriioti
.llsd nonnaa ^jnblahd*
loi—a*al x«s tanoXed ^m(tJ«ala ion ,»ada yitjaiud
av6» jifiirilon
Thaittoe sW ob 61 bi»c ia«a! aril OJ c’rio ot awliol
^ ^ ”.laoeni5lju otii oi 'iJub
nKfnt/f? >o
.Inamonom aldsffehaqnti «hJJ iwo Hoi lUw riatriw «9i?e aril sm
-leiofnamffloo ai* w
riaWv, x«b ’rf* Xd ail ian^S * J*dw^
k!^ basnisd'jxa art x*b isdi nO
-ai av*d v*m alH to Inriw
Haw Idaim li a* ballH .alHlsri to tabi» a* ni
rairf ol

bn* .ainamlflioqqaeib bns-aleijr Ims

awonoa riliw naad aasri
avsri btoow inava x"* «'
eirti aiotad gnof baJ-riimat

to Iriam^jeit Ifidi leri bannarfoica

ad xsb l*ril n.>—annriom
atil IsJiom
Hiw Inamonom eiril ibiriw .omsi anilaahava aril
.Uuiaqiaq ariam
vfaiwa aodl alulaa aiotaiaril aV/"
ni«t aw orfw .abfiria
aiuiiM aw ranaaa airfl aawrse ‘jldiaivni avotn l»ob avaiJad
dim lud .lonod riliw xino ton aarii
avsidfoorfl .anolisibriat
ami uorfl Maibloa
iiotll 'tififnallna^ vltriitifnl btie ^

. iBblb oriw Jhiqa eaaIino*b aril to Boril y
.riism xl«o «*’ daidw -WS
-.noa fabib Horiblod
John D. Walker lacked the military training of his older
brother, but he shared in fullmeasure his courage and military
spirit. Enlisting at the age of 21 for service in the Mexican
war, he participated in all the engagements fought by Scott’s
invading column until the battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,
in which he was severely wounded in both legs. The surgeon
decided on amputation for both wounds, but the. knife was
stayed by the imperial will of the older brother, and John
recovered, though not in time to rejoin his regiment before the
end of the war, in February, 1848.
In 1853 the United States were at peace with the whole
world and the rest of m^ankind. Gen. William Walker, a native
of Nashville, Tenn., graduate in law and medicine and a
journalist in New Orleans and San Francisco, not related in
auy way to the Walker family now under consideration and
yet bearing in his blood and temperament the fondness of the
general Walker tribe for military life, decided to inaugurate a
little war of his own. Organizing a small body of troops he
made a descent upon La Plaza, Lower California, with the in-
tention of conquering the State of Sonora, in Northern Mexico,
but the effort came to grief. In 1855 he organized another fili-
bustering expedition against Nicaragua. Landing in that
Central American republic with 62 men he enlisted a number
of malcontents and in his second engagement completely
routed the government forces, compelling them to accept him
as an ally with the rank of Commander-in-chief of the com-
bined army. In a war with Costa
Rica, which occurred soon
afterward, he defeated the Costa Ricans and secured his own
election as president of Nicaragua. His autocratic methods in
this position brought about disaffection among the people, the
army revolted and he was forced to leave the country. He
organized several similar expeditions and in the last against
Honduras he was captured by a British vessel, turned over to
the Honduras authorities, courtmartialed and shot to death at
Truxillo. After his return from Nicaragua he visited Augusta
and during his stay my father and one of his neighbors. Judge
John W. Carswell, called to see him. He was referred to by
the press as “the grey-eyed man of destiny” but was a very

idblo errf W visiilim irfJ b^alofil’ i!>alUW *a iitbl
bn« HiH ni briBfie 5rt ttMf ,i-)rfioid

fiB3t3C»M »iiJ nl lo »rii it sntlzHna Jiiiq«

V .
' e'jJcwS yd 9riJ IIb m h^tsqrwJ-fBq ori ,7«w
*0* ,oo»*idt#’ni0^o alJifid adJ Ihnu nrnwlo^ ;§fiib6vni

*»' b^biirfow >»b// 9ri rf^nrlw «i

i«d ,zhntj(yft thiui lol nfHltiifqffiB no babmb

^ W bm Tsbio sdi 1#* Hiw I/sh^qmt

Jon d^uodi ,bwvoot)i

,. ftioHd in^rnigfJt aid fik)(M o3 nr

.rf ^ iloriw 5ffi riiiw ?0 Bdq^ 3 B »i»w e-jifijS bolinU ^dl £g8i nl
«!if/fe avtiAcr .b«l^aVfi k>-iE^ od4 bnn bitow
a hne ^nbtbBrm ^jni vvRT ni ^.nnaT .iriivKaaVI lo
t b^iBltt iOrr toosbnfrip n &8 bnu ana5hO ni t^iUmno(
biriB noilrribieno^ tobnt/ v/orr '^limal t^dUV/ »dJ oi X“t
odtlq ea^Mtbnql 9 di^Jilpinti3l 9 t}in^^ bn a bool d aid ni ^nha^d J^x
a* 9 )inifi)na^ii .9\ii to^ ^diti Ifitvn^^

^od aqoctt ’lo vbod llBma n Ini^rnagtO ''.(two aid \o law oluil
nth dJwrtmtaliift^^ iwoJ^ tJ noon Jnjoa'tb a ‘»bBrn
,oahGtU n|5atoito^ ^o 5di ^nhoupnoo lo notJiwi
ni l9iT|j cd 9fiJ Jnd
-Ha l^dionavbatilna^o 9^^
iBiii .tii^RtxsiV! nollib^qxt ^nmtand

t;5dfiur« fi b5$a»ln9^9d n^ni dim

fcd Diiduq^i rTKoBt^ntA latJnoO

b» Vl^r Xitl9lq/t^ Jnr!iriist^a§pr':» bnoosa eid ^-ni Jbixa eJn^tnooUm )o

y i|f . mtd^^iqd^t OI oi$fl) .a^ttcd i nimm 9 vo;g[ odi hiluoi

||j|^ rfrvmooi^dt W-l 9 xd 3 '"n^^bfi 6 rftitToD odt dJ§w x^^t ne in


noo9 bimuoso doldw alaoD diiv/ tav/ b nl ,x^® bonid

, nwo aid b?>tBo 9>ii»i’bCT£ anijo<5f nJ^D b^taolob 9d dvrav/tollc

^ni alH>dl9rn ohaiooUrx aUd ^b^staolVI lo Jnabia^tq at noiloob

orfi mods id^iiotd rroitiaoq aid!
^oiqo9q sdj^^nojJtiiJ fr<yha»Hjwjlb
!)H ,x^inuo9 9dl 9V£^I o) bo9tol i&w 9d bns bsllov^t x^^***^
^en^c)3£It^sI 9dJviii b«s artoijibsqx^ islimia ^«^9V9^ b^xlnsgto
ol 19 V 0 b^ntnl f jfe?bltfi JCt vd boujujjso asv/ tid astubnoM
i£ ftiS9b Oi loda hm^b^lsinsmltiioo .ft^iihodlus sstobnoH sdl
hatietv ml 'hn^BiBoVA motVntaJyi aid i^t^A .oIlixinT
5»{bn^ .atodd^foir aid >f> 9no bnc todJsi x^ xtia'^/dd
Xd oj banaijn asw oH .rmfl 999 oi^b^lt&o
Xt9Vf* esw'Jod ^'vniiesb lo nsm b9X>X^'*<J ^dr*

mild mannered personage, his appearance giving no indication
of his adventurous and danger-loving spirit. If he had waited
a few years his genius for war would have found ample play
in a much broader field.

And what has this to do with John David Walker? Only

this, that fifty years ago I attended services at the old Rich-
mond Camp Ground near the site of the present plant of the
Albion Kaolin Co. There I met John David Walker for the
first and only time and there I was told that he had returned

a short time before from a round of filibustering with Gen.

William Walker in Nicaragua.
The following incident connected with the camp meeting
service and with John David as well has remained as fresh and
green in my memory for all these fifty years as if it had come
to me but yesterday.
St. James Methodist Church, Augusta, in the opening
years of its life, 1856 and ’57, was served by Rev. William M.
Crumley as its pastor. He attended the Richmond camp-
meeting on the occasion named above and there met John
David Walker. On the night after the meeting, while the
preacher’s body was wrappedin slumber his mind wandered
into dreamland. Traveling with a large concourse of people
a public highway their journey was suddenly obstructed by a
deep, impassable gulf. While debating what steps to take in
order to cross the obstruction Mr. Crumley dreamed that the
Saviour appeared in their midst andjaying himself across the
gulf said to the waiting crowd: “Pass over on my body.”
The bridge, human
or divine, seemed so slender and so frail
that the travelers were afraid to make the venture until John
David Walker stepping out in front of the assembled company
said, “I’ll take the risk,” and was the first to make the passage.
On the following evening Mr. Crumley led the services, preach-
ing from Peter’s words as recorded in Matthew X, 24th and
25th. It was a very earnest appeal and at its close the usual
request was made for those who moved to lead a better
life to come to the altar for prayer. With absolutely no knowl-
edge of the dream and yet in strangely seeming fulfillment,

M««eaq<}« ai*| (f^ganonsq Wirn
noiJoibftr'on ^inivig
bali*w bed »d’ll .Inkje bne jWMwJnsvb* *iri h) - MH

k>) aiiiiwg^airi <iiwx *

vein Blcimi baud Bvsd.bluow tsv/
, . riowfn s ni

lisslIeW bivsa ariol tiJiw ot oi »idi ^«ri »«dw UiA

.-risifl bio Bril Je gabirJBe bBbrt‘J*|*
bnuoiO qms3 bnom

»riJ lo liielq IriSMiq sriJ'^o Bfla -ariJ

bi«4T ’.<50 niloeM aoidlA

>riJ io1 isrileV/ biveO ririol
l»tn I

bofnuJyj'bfirf »ri IsriJ bloi aew 1 BiariJ bne »m!i xl^o b"*
moti Bjohd smil Itori*^ s
.obO riJtw jonslaiidiia Vo (>nwi c

./ ,l8WP'**f'*1'.^ W‘ isrilsW rasilliV/

aB'’«ol!d sriT
aabssm qmi»*oriV riliw bBJ9»8«a#
bns o 3 vni^
ae b9nt6fn9i eed tisw s« b! /a<l
bna ri* 9tj

9 ino 9 bed Ji If e* aiesx'xUa «3dJ

ile" id xiomam x«» ni n->9r*
- am oJ

aninaqo sriJ " til’'^}«tiHrA .tloinCf laibodld^ x

an fo eien

.K meifliw»!.v 9H xd bavise
.xj' ecw bne i>23i .jIi!

.qmeo bnomrfoiH 9dl 9li .wrtsq aii a*^x»l^"'«J

noiaesoo aril no 8nJl9»m
nrioT Jam has ovode bomett
«lJ IrO ,i9>1Ib'// br/sU
Ofl) slirf'W ,:gnimrti„9rfJ iMie

biT9 bn*w bnirn^airi -ndmala ni fwqqjww

«w vbod 8’-i9rfo89iq

^.bnelmeoib omi
9tqo9q lo ssiiioarioo BStel’a ritrw
asw xn^^d^iri ajidwq «
e xd bdwtiedo xln9l>t>fia x»n^<’e»i
anliedah alidV/ '^.Hug BldMaeqmi
ai sjlel'o) aqda
«o.»rnfadO sris aao« ot labio
,dl JsriJ‘b 9 m«nb x»tm«r<3 ,.iH
llsamiiTsnixel.boe t«b1|n -ilaiU nl biieBqqe ioor/«2
" Xbod xmrnofiBvo fbwoiD* ^ttinew sdt ol biea Ho|
eae*!** nemuri .sabfid sriT
lieil oe.bne i9ba9li»o« b9hi99e
nrioX lilmi 9itrtn9XBritV«™^<^*
bisilcsTBw >i»l9VJnJ »riJ t«^
Xd^mo3,b»ldm98as lilj lOvJnoil rti luo gni^sta larile
P* .»«iiaasq 9dJ silem o) lai3 boe ".rian aril 9 ri&i II I

’ .BWinsa aril bat rtimmO .tU ^ninava ^ni-«olld

aril nO
bna rtj 4.c’ .XiVTarilifiM ni bsfcwasi ea abiow a'iata<l moil am
Icoatt axtl aaola-eti la biia leaqqa laamaa x^T^ c aew 11 .riiet

f lailsd a baal o/bavom^iIalfOrt w aeorit

lol ahem aaw )aBop«
f*dwond^miPXlalijtoaa*1riiW,^.iaxaiq id iatIa.ariJ
jiiamtlfHol animsf® xl’Tl"®^*!,"' *ax boa
meaib aril tea^
John David Walker was the first in that large assembly to
rise and accept the earnest invitation given by the preacher.
In the early months of i86i he enlisted, probably with the
rank of captain, in the first regiment of Georgia Regulars,
commanded by Col. Charles J. Williams, of Columbus. Their
first active service was in Eastern Virginia, fighting through

the Yorktown campaign and afterwards through the Seven

Days’ Battle with Toombs’ Brigade. Transferred to G. T.
Anderson’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Corps, their soldierly con-
duct in every engagement aided in making the fame of that
fighting corps historic. August 28, 1862, Anderson’s Brigade
as the advance column of the corps, reached Thoroughfare Gap.
The Eighth Georgia was sent through the Gap but were at-
tacked by a Federal brigade and were being slowly pressed
back when they were reinforced by the 7th and nth Georgia,
and the ist Georgia Regulars, Major John David Walker com-
manding. The Union troops were immediately driven back to
their entrenchments on the crest of the mountain, the Confed-
erates climbing its precipitous slope on their hands and knees.
Of the conduct of Major Walker’s regiment in this engagement
Gen. Anderson says, “The Regulars, both officers and men,
fought with distinguished gallantry, as they have on every
occasion, and I only regret that the army is not composed of
just such men.”
Two days later at Second Manassas, Anderson’s Brigade
fought on the right of Toombs’ and after bravely sustaining
a galling fire they advanced, driving the brigade in their front
entirely from the field, but sustaining the heaviest loss of any
command on the Confederate side, 612 in killed and wounded.
Among them were seven or eight field officers and fifty com-
pany officers. ]\Iajor John David Walker was severely wound-
ed and was taken to the home of a Presbyterian minister.
The surgeon said to him “It will require amputation to save

your life.” “No,” said the Major, “I have had a hard time
getting through the world with two legs and I don't think T
could manage it with one.” Gangrene set in and his gallant
life went out near the historic battle field through whose

minnie-laden air he had led his regiment so bravely. Buried


oI >(l<imi»<t^t^*9^iiJ iiwl^ m trtft 3ril asw 19 >!Ib7/ biysG nrio^
’ '
,Tid 3 syiq x<^ noHeiWfti i^»ins!» srfJ tq'wfi b«s y^.’n

V ^ ^rttnom nl
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«''no8i5fanA ^sdSi ,8« ifeu^wA .Dholairi ?qiOD

5dl lo nmaloo ^onnvbs 9r1) p.£
v*r.r -Ijt itjd q«0 »dJ i^umd/ Jri^a 8fiv/ £r^io50 didgiS 'jrfT
b^ianq x^wo4« b/is :>bjK^nd fci^boT b \d
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P^^j^4-mo3 Kvii0 trgio^D iai 9dl bn«
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iiiw'Ei '

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Wjffilu n bus ebnisd iliifiiltto ?>qofe Rboliqbaiq zii snidmib ijtMiy

Jo^itn^is^iT 9^ai«fl byflf^fc%Vr a’toikW io(bM lo lo&bitOD ydl \0
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^ ^ ^ 7' ^ ;^ -
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r 9VBd r* ,to}j 5M 9dt bisa ’'.sVd^iuox

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T^od'/J li^ficmhublDd iUiBd olwteid ari? i£9n Tfio fn9*j^ 9lH
huhwH,, oe «id MI bud ad lis

'i A
for a time near the minister'shome, his remains, some months
later,were brought to Georgia and laid away in the family
burying ground near the Arsenal.
In addition to the heroic record left by Freeman Walker’s
soldier sons. the_military spirit of the family is further repre-
sented in the service of a grandson, Dr. Freeman Valentine
Walker, as U. S. Army Surgeon, and two great grandsons,
Hugh McLean Walker, now naval officer on the battleship
Maine, and Fred Walker, now on duty with the 26th U. S.
Artillery in the Philippines.


Major Walker and his brothers, George, Valentine, and
Robert were the sons of Freeman Walker, Sr., of Charles City
County. \'a., by his marriage with Sarah, daughter of George
Minge. Mary Garlington wife of Freeman was the daughter
of Col. David Creswcll by his marriage with Phoebe daughter
of John Talbot. Freeman and Mary were married at Bellevue
then the residence of George Walker, April 29., 1803, by Hon.
George Walton. Of their children who lived to adult age there
were three sons, George Augustus Beverly born April 7, 1805,
married Arabella Pearson. William Flenry Talbot born Nov.
26, 1816, married Mary Townsend, John David born Jan. 9,
1825. was never married. There- were also two daughters,
Ann Eliza Amanda born March i, 1809, married to Adam
Johnston and Sarah Wyatt born Oct. 18, 1822, and married to
Dr. W'alter Ewing Johnslon. In addition to these the fol-
lowing children died in childhood or youth, Robert, Freeman
Valentine, Zemula Tabitha and Elliot Floyd.
To Beverly and wife were born John P. King, who mar-
ried Anice L. iMitchell, Mary Elizabeth married to Lawrence
A. Milligan, Zemula married to William A. Pendelton, Lucy
P. married to Clarence V. Walker, Lena married to Lewis F.
Goodrich, x\gnes Ewing married to Armistead F. Pendleton,
George, Cornelia and Sarah Wyatt died in later youth and four
others in childhood.
To William Henry Talbot and his wife were born two
sons and two daughters who reached maturity, William H. T.

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!>!»** jvv.i». -f

H mallliW .xlhuJsin badasan odv/ Eialdausb
,T .H
."r.A;r Ar ..i,.
Jr,, now living in this county. Dr. Freeman Valentine at
Bluffton, S. C. Mary Cresswell (Schley) Savannah, Ga., and
Hannah who died some years ago in New York. There were
several others who died in childhood.
Anna Eliza (Johnston) had no children and Sarah Wyatt
(Johnston) only one, Rev. W. E. Johnston Augusta, Ga.
Jtt * * *

In my closing sketch of Freeman Walker, there weretwo

features of his story that were inadvertently omitted. Walker
street, in Augusta, and Walker county, in North Georgia were
both named in his honor. The late Col. Charles C. Jones has
left upon record the statement that this distinguished citizen
of Richmond county was “believed to be the original of Free-
man Lazenby in one of Judge Longstreet’s laughable sketches
in ‘Georgia Scenes.’ ” Jupiter sometimes nods and yet it is
difficult to believe that so learned and accurate a scholar as
Col. Jones should have written “Freeman,” when the character
who played the role of “The Sleeping Beauty” in the Wa^
Works show is named by the witty author as “Freedom Laz-
enby.” The types were probably at fault. If Major Walker
really played the part, he was selected, Judge Longstreet
states, for the reason that he was the only member of the
party endowed, as Mrs. Peeler would have expressed it, with
the necessary measure of “personal pulcritude” to fit the

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adJ^td 01 ’‘abotiiabrq Ifinoeiaq*' io aau2fiam


.<»•• ;)..t' ‘'tuM


^ .1 Y ;

\ Vf|1''<i

Ml t>i-i
Just beyond the limits of our town, near the waters of
Little Spirit Creek, and only a little way removed from the
old Malone place, now occupied by Judge Matt Kelly, there
has stood for a hundred years or more, a cluster of ancient
oaks that mark the site of the old-time home of Charles and
Edward Burch. They were sons of an early immigrant, who
came to Georgia about 1740. Charles and Edward received
from King George a grant of a tract of land, bounded by the
waters of Big Spirit Creek and by the Savannah and Louisville
roads. But this evidence of royal favor did not prevent them
from joining the Revolutionary forces that had rebelled against
the English King. Both their names appear on the pay roll of
the *' Burke Co. Rangers,” commanded by Capt. Patrick Carr,
of Jefferson county in 1782. A descendant of Charles has
given me Edward’s military service
the following incident of :

At the close of a skirmish between the Whigs and Tories or

British, Edward, who was a very muscular and fearless man,
went out unarmed over the ground that had been the scene
of the conflict, probably to ascertain what loss the enemy had
sustained. A mounted British or Tory officer, who had been
concealed by the heavy undergrowth, saw the Whig soldier’s
defenceless condition, and determined to capture or kill him.
Drawing his sword and putting spurs to his horse he ran
down unarmed Edward and attempted to brain him with his
gleaning steel, but the doughty Whig parried the blow, and,
grasping the blade, he wrenched it from the officer’s hand, and
would have paid him in his own coin, but for the fleetness
of his steed. Of Edward’s descendants, I have no information.
Charles left four sons, Joseph E., long time commissioner for
the poor of Richmond county; Charles, Blanton and Kelt
Burch the last, if I am correctly informed, lost a Hmb while

serving in the Mexican war.

Many descendants of Charles are now living in Augusta
and Richmond county, among them James W. Burch, Sr., and
James W. Jr., Lloyd W. Burch, Dr. Joseph E. Green, Mrs.
G. B. Duke and many others.


.H 0 Hua,a 5rAwaa gvia 33 Jlhaho^

lo aiiifiw odi ’

,n'i</o} luo To 5dj bno^^d Jawl

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lo io«il « to
litoda si:gtooD o)

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lo atolfiw
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^ .at^dlo xn*m bn* ijjIoO

. ;
During my boyhood days the waters of Little Spirit Creek
that finds its source in our town and borders the lands of my
father’s old homestead, formed the scene of my early piscato-
rial experiences. On many a Saturday, when school duties
were suspended, I endeavored with alluring bait and with
varying success to entice mudcat and red-breasted perch from
the depths of its eddying pools. At one point on its shaded
banks there were the remnants of what was known as the
“Old Tom Hill Mill.” There was an old dam by the mill
site, but there was no mill by —
a long sight. It had vanished
with the vanishing years. There was a tradition that in one
of the earlier years of the last century a cyclone had passed
over this immediate section and in its unmeasured wrath this
demon of the air had swept this old mill, or the old Mc^Manus
mill, half a mile below, or both of them, from the face of the
The only personal information that I have of Thomas
Hill’s milling operations is a story that came to me fifty years
ago and more, and whose authenticity I have no reason to
doubt. A patron of the mill became impressed with the idea
that Thomas was tolling his corn more heavily than the law or
established custom warranted and to prevent this excessive
levy he accompanied the corn on the next mill day. Thomas
suspected the purpose of his visit, and after emptying the
sack into the hopper and taking out only legitimate toll he
entertained his patron by giving him an exhibition of the
diving proficiency of the fat porkers that roamed around the
mill. Taking corn from the hopper and not from the toll barrel
he threw it into the mill race and the hogs would dive into the
limpid water to secure the glistening grain. His evident pur-
pose was to convince his patron that any little shortage in his
meal sack was due to his indulgence in this innocent enter-

Thomas Hill lived at the home afterwards owned by Eli-
sha Anderson, Jr., and later by Col. Edmund Gresham. The
old house was standing in my boyhood and was replaced by

Jh:q8 ultuJ booHvcKi x^n ^nnwG
Xrn )o «J»n6i »fil S'RUbiod [«iJi a vot luo^ni t^Diwoe aii «5nrl Jiuft

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» 9 ilub loodoa l«n
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moil d^T^q biKUiJK»id“b*>i bnii ot aex^omg ^nrvigv
bdbfida eli ao iatoq aao lA ^looq 2H7qt)b ^rii

:)fii fiJi nvfO£Di^eBW sbAj/ to zfnMntn^i arfi 9i3W norfJ «3lnBd

Him 5 itJ x^ ’MIil4 UiH moT blO‘*

I b^dirasv b«ri Jl .IxI'gU 3^10! «

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*ff//iBUal4 bio aril lo ,!lim bio girii iqawe b«ri ih aril lo nomab
aril ^o aaai aril moil t.4nai{.i riK»ri lo ,wobd alim £ lUrf Jlim

eacnoriT io avail I iBrii aoiJatmoim lano^'iaqf x^f^

«7*aX ol amaa isril £ e^laiioil&iaqo ^nillim g^lIiH
05 noeaal^ on avail I aeoif w bnfi ,a*tom bns o%s
sabr aril rilrw baasatqfidi amsaad Him aril* lo ncnlsq A .Irinob

70 wsl odS ofirfl xl'vsari oiont aw

isri) «iri -gniltoi ^sw sfimoriT
avie^aoxa tiril inavaiq oi bne baJnsnev/ molstio baiUilrislaa
esmoriT .\&b Him txair aril no moo aril barnsqmoaas ari x'''^
aril 5 aixlqma laJ^s bnsNlf^iv aid \o aaoqinq aril balaaqana

ari IJol aifimili:3 al 5tn> ^rtirisl bns laqqori aril olni riasa

aril lo noiliriirixa ns mill yd noilsq elrf baniclialna
„aril b/TUOt£ bamiion isrii erijltoq IsV aril lo vanaiarloiq :gnivib
bnsd Itol aril mo*ri i<m birs laqqori aril moii nToa ^nirisT .Him
aril oini avib bliiow s^ori aril bns aasi Ilrra aril olni )t wnril ari
-inq inabiva eiH .nisi^ ^ninaleil^ aril oiuooz ol lalsw biqmil
siri ni a^gsliorie alllil x«i^ noilsq «irf aanivnoa ol esw aaoq
-laina Inaoonnl sirfl ni aana^ltibnl «iri ol aub asw riass Uam
I AnomniMt
-H3 xri bacrvio abiswialls amori ariMs bavil HiH sfimoriT
ariT .mcrisaiO .Q bnwmbH .lo3 yd ialsl bus *»7( ,rt02rab<^#ris"
now owned and occupied by
Col. GreshaTTi with the resitbence
Edward E. Cadle. The old mill was rebuilt and utilized for
many years by S. B. Cadle.
If Thomas left any descendants, I am not aware of it.
This community has numbered among its assets many hills,
long hills and short hills, steep hills and hills of moderate
grade, but no human Hill, save Thomas. During my boyhood
. hisname was only a memory, and Thomas Hill had probably
gone the way of all the earth, but whether his last long journey
was made up hill or down hill, I do not know.


bsJS bnk bjnwo won bio ?riT

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T<^ bssiliJu bn« Jliudsi e«vf Ititn

.»ib *0 .a A x»l«-»»x xn**"
ifiinodT IF
ji lo si^aJon ms iNMisbtnseib x««
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9 )inibo»n Jo «
.»BfnotlT 9V*3 .lliH netnud on itid
boorixod'X"* 3“'^“^
3B«oriT bns .xionr»m b tlno 3*v/ smsn *irt .

Yidcdoiq bsdJUH
world 30* Ob I .Uiri nwob io Hirl qo. sbem *sw

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40-' ii.'i“. CIS*;'

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“-J 1 0- r*V . * i KW’rSj


The early settlement of this section, as of probably every
other section in the State, was followed by the erection of a
rude log church to supply itsmoral and religious needs. At
what date and on what site was the first house of worship built
in this community? Just a hundred and seventeen years ago
Francis Asbury, a primitive Bishop of the Methodist Church
made an entry in his diary that will probably lead us to a
correct solution of this question. This record- states that after
crossing the Savannah at Augusta in 1790 the Bishop rode in
a South Westerly direction to the S. C. Church in Richmond
County. Rev. Geo. G. Smith referring to this incident in his
History of Georgia Methodism says that this church must have
been located near Brothersville. In further reference to the
title of the church, he says that in later years a church was

built not far away from this community and named for old
father Samuel Clark and that the S. C. Church was probably
named for an older Samuel Clark. All this I do not steadfastly
believe. My friend George like other historians falls some-
times into error and in this particular case his mental ma-
chinery has evidently slipped a cog. Clark’s Chapel, to which
he refers was built in 1847 largely through the efforts of my
grandfather, Charles Clark, and was named for him. My
father Samuel B. Clark was born in 1812, twenty-two years
after Asbury preached at the S. C. Church. If there was an
“older Samuel Clark” in this community my researches among
colonialand other records have failed to unearth him. What
then and where then was this S. C. Church? In one of the
early years following the Revolutionary War a tribe of Collin.s
brothers and probably sisters made their advent in this section.
There were Moses, the great grandfather of my friend Moses
Collins Murphey of Augusta, Lewis the ancester of the late
Lewis R. Collins, Samuel, Stephen and possibly others. One
of these brothers Samuel or Stephen cut the first log that went
into the original church building that stood on the site of
what is now^ Liberty Church and is buried not far away from
TWHi/iiojayaa auoipiiaH yjhah
.H0JIUH3 YT5iaflU!jM
,i^lcfBcfoiq To isA .m.viio'jifc efxJi )o xhsit jdT
B lo 3«fiJ Vrf b^ywb^aVttiW 9(f) ni fto?i3i>« i9fi)o

.ebWn Ktroi^ildt
)A bns tstom ol floiwrf^ gol sboi

jfliid qideiow i«rfl ydl raw Jcriw no bii* ^ish Ssutw

bnrbiUJtl c 5x)i*^w^n*rioo iifi) ni
03c nStotftitvi^ hits )ao\.

fbiniO Seiborl/^U fpili )o qoifaffl ^vUimnq a ,^udaA abn«iH

Ia 'oJ m
HMol'^ldBdoiq lliw iAth y;iAib etrf ni vi)n9 ns 9bctn
i9)U bw^OT «idT .nohstoup afHi
jfidi e»iA3«i noiluloa )09rio3
nt^dbot qodRia i»di o^I'ni AWn^(riA in dnntiBVB^ od*) ^niaRcrr)
bnotfnripiii ni doiiiHD .0 JS. 3rf) o) aouooiib dJDo8 s


a»d ni )n!>bbnr aid)
9VArf iebm
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d^itido eidi )sd) ?vb« cneihod)3l4 Bi^ioaO
5d) 0l;»i93n9i9i9i *i9dtifjl
al 'MiveisrhoiQ inoa b^ssoot n93d

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bio lol b^rnAn bns if;)bt«m£noo aid) moil xb'mb ifil Ion )Itud
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-smoR^^RUfil eftfiho^^rd T^'dlo t>alil 9 ^to 30 bn!>i*)l .yv^ibd


-Am Inimm *ba£ iori9 oJni «5nri)

eidjj^aso' lAluoriifiq ai<it ni
doidw o^MtH|6flD e*)li£D .^0 & boqqila x^^n^brv^ i&d x^^nida
Xm I0 a)ioli9 9ih d^tfoid) vIOigtAl m ilTud raw si^liyi 9d
XM l^mld 7ol b9mr»it^;aAw bnic ,3IibD a^lindO ,i9rhfilbn£i:3
Ri«r{ ow)-x)n^w) ,si8i ni ntod raw >Ii«ID .8 b«mi;2 i9d)fil

nn am 07»d) il .iIpiiijQ .D .2 9d) )« bsdoBsiq x^udaA 19)1 a

a3doiA9R!« *** i9bIo'‘

JaHW .rnid ri)*T«Snn o) ivfid ahiODOi i9d)o bn a UinoIoD

3d) io 3no fil IrirmiO D ^3 aid) raw n^d) dt^dv/ buA nsri)
entiloD lo 'xfm b ^BV/ virmoflulovsH odt ^niv/olloi ais^x
.noI)33a aid) ni )nWb« ibd) 9br*m «i3)aia xld^doiq bns aiadloid
aoaolA bn^hl x«» i^diA^bnAT^ )A3 i^ 3d) ,a3sol^^3i3w nsdT^
3)&l sdl lo )3)e3DfiA 3d) atwaJi ,fi)3«^uA lovsriqmM anitkO
3fiO bns nodq^iS ,burnA2 .aniUpD VH ^iw3J
.Ri3d)o yidia>!oq
)n3w )sdi ^oI )aid 3d) ino n3dq3l3 io bumfiS RT3ri:krid wdl lo
lo 3iie 3d) no booja isd) jjniblind doitfdD 3^ o)ni
moil vAWfi ia1 )oa b3nud r» bns doindD x)’J 3di J w ^jsdw
>> C
18 >
- rki A., iri ‘
that sacred spot. The church bore for a time the name of its
original projector either Samuel or Stephen Collins and this
fact explains, I feel assured, the initials used by Bishop As-
bury in its early title. It was the first Methodist church
erected in Richmond County and possibly the second in the
State. Grant’s Meeting House in Wilkes County being the

In further evidence of its antiquity my friend Josiah M.

Seago has informed me that his grandfather Rev. James
Xeatherland preached in this church in i8i8 and that the
building in which he ministered was the third house of worship
that had sanctified the site. During its more than a hundred
years of sacred service as a religious center its pulpit has been
blessed by the labors of many honored and useful men. In
this connection it is an interesting fact that the late Rev.
.-Mfred T. Mann, one of the ablest and most eloquent ministers
known to Georgia Methodism, preached his maiden sermon in
old Liberty Church and after fifty years or more of distin-
guished and successful service in his Master’s cause the same
hallowed walls echoed the last public utterance that came from
his gifted lips and consecrated heart.

» tc\ flkHT .ioq< bsiDsa i£iil
eji 3o*i>m«n
lOiD^ioiq Isnhpio
«idJ bnd imtloO n9dq>lZ ib
9di .b9lI;8^6 la^V 1 J3tf
-fcA qoriatS
rfoiiidD isibodl!>M^J«ir) 9th «»w Mih \hB9 eti rii

X^***^^ bnomdaiM
9 fJj ni bnoo58 :>rfJ

^nHd *!^i4F:W ifi «<«woH '^nln^lf. 8*tni;iO


\o son^bivs i^dmii ni
^ - M xm
faVrmoini a«d ut4 «o<
Iv9^ aid JRiis-Jin
:^fij }«di bns 8l8l nij|d3iiidi» Mi
ni b^d56t»*iq bni;h:idJM/.
ddfriDulw ui ^tnibliud
qidenow io -^«ubtl biidi 9*U bbw b^n^jJswm
^ b»*tbmfrf‘4UniBriJ ^losw ati infJmnxa bad
b^iDfie lo ai<ir<
eiiN^ip j


W bn^ifeMoni^d
^lijainotai nc at

notJ^aano^ aidl

ai^Jainlm insupob Jaom odt lo ano ,nniil/^ bail! T

® ni noim^B niibiira aid b^iba^iq
.ifteibbdif^U fiigio^D oi
-nhatb^io niom to <pd!>X. dDiufO viitidiJ
lqha907 u& b«« b'jiUiua
umsa 58U£0 aS^aflU dti ni
moil ^meo udJ wnawbii ^Jdwq )a£l odn^odoo bUsv, bi^wolliirf
bnfi aqil «*d
Jis^d bt>l6ioofaoo

- tl

f *; ..mT, - i.yif

»Kh» ' ''".X' '•

Prior to the establishment of the Hephzibah Baptist
Church in 1862 there was no organized body of that denomi-
nation in this community, and those who professed that creed
united themselves with the Hopeful Church seven or eight
miles away. This old church began its religious life in April
or May 1815. Its organization was largely due to the earnest
religious work of Rev. Edmund Byne, a native of Virginia,
who began preaching in Burke County as early as 1785. Dying
in 1814 he failed to see the full fruition of his labors in the
establishment of this church. During its more than ninety
years existence many able and godly men have ministered at
its altars. Among its pastors, who were directly connected
with this community, may be named Rev.
J. H. T. Kilpatrick,
Rev. W. L. Kilpatrick, Rev. Wm.
H. Davis, Rev. E. R. Cars-
well, Sr., and Rev. J. Hamilton Carswell. The first church
building was made of rough pine poles and while its early
pastors probably talked to their hearers when occasion de-
manded, “with the bark off’’ as it were, their earnest words
were echoed by pine walls with the bark on.
From this primitive chrysalis it developed as the years
went by into a hewn log building then, into a neat framed
edifice and finally in 1851 into the present structure, one of the
handsomest strictly rural churches in the State.
Through the courtesy of my friend Samuel G. Story I
have had the privilege of examining the early records of Hope-
ful Church running back to November 1815. They show a
stringency in church discipline unknown to modern religious
methods and a quaintness in expression unknown to modern
In 1830 a member of this church confessed at the monthly
conference that he had been present when a bee tree was cut
on the Sabbath and after the expression of proper contrition
for the direliction he was forgiven. A year or two earlier a
sister was excommunicated after acknowledgment that she
had allowed a negro to put a bag of corn in her house, and
another met the same fate for marrying her son-in-law. The

ilV U* 1^ '
• fm
^rii lo tRtt»mrl£Udsle 9 oi lonH
jaUq£a iliidisrfqaH
sisrfJ sd8i ni rlanorfO
-imoijsb I6di la xbo«l btsinsaso^oa e*v/

b bo5» Jcril b9«ealai<) wlw MOd/bna .rlinuirmco alrfJ

oi nouta
Jrf^b iO nsvae rialoiiD lutetloH^sdl

«i a«3*<l daiorio bio tiilT .'tsws e»Iirn

.'IhqA rI siil

M9 S*®* X*M ’o
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*v»a lo.sliow auoigilyi
xhi^9 *s ’{KtuoD 33lTHa ni gniriDsoiq ae^^d
Si I
gni^a .j8^i M
noiiioil Ilul ojU. as* oi bsliil sd
9il} ni ewdel aiiUo
I X)9hin nsAi Swn.eU gjnni>0 .rfaiud:^, *niJ lb inamdsildsi**
sv*n nain x^b®8 bafi’albfi unsm sansjeixs aissx
1« bsiaJaiflira
»ww okw .rtoieBq eii :?nomA .*«)U *ii
,bsis9nnoa xU3<»Titi
.Jlanjsqli? .T .H .\ vals "barren ad \Rm .yiinmiitnoa *tifa riJiv/

-aieO ,vaJ9 tar/«0 ill .mW .vsH ,3bh}sqIiJi .J -W .ysH

^ nostlmeH bne ,lbw
rfoiuria ma'aiTT^" .«,sv/«is3 \ .vaJI ..-i2

«M Xl«»"8>i slirfw bne®e»loq

»niq ds«<)i h sbsm esw gnibliud
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ahiow ii\jxiS9
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b^qaiwb li erlfia^id^ ^viiifnhq aidJ.inonH

U9 tt s oJ«i''tn-»di ^nlblmd 30! nv/^d fi oini \6 inw
' i
.. adJ lo 500 Iniya^iq os\i oUii leSi nijcH^n^
ftf ^^do'iuih UIUT iaamoebnad
I \iOlZ ^ btirnfig bailH x^n io d:giiotdT

->qoH lo ebioooi xlifto ‘>dl lo ^^livhq i)di bfid svfid

.2181 i^dm^voX ol docd ^ninnwi d:nod 3

£ wod«
atioi^sI^T msbom 6l nvfon>lntf uoilqbaib do^u{i^ ni x^na^bhJa
05 nwon4xi<5 iiOiee^iqx® «i ea^nlnlfinp s bnc abodt^m
V' 0'

Xlrftnom oril Jfi btiae^lnoo rloir/da etdAo ladm^m £ o^Si nl

— ,
tvo g£W aaiJ aad s bad ad JariJ aonaialnoa
n»dw io9^,nq
nobii5noo laqoiq ip noia^aiqxa adl laJla bna djaddaH adi
loihco o-w5 io isax A ,navi::iiol s^w ad noliaibiib adl
arie.5£dJ, 5namabaIwondo£ latk baJKoinummoaxa
e«w talei*
bna ,azuod tad^ni moo 10 a Joq o) qt^ow a bawqlt* bad
oiiT ^wsM'noi lad ^nix'J'Jan^

IJklUXi ^Kii'
corn was probably stolen but the records do not show that
fact. On another occasion in those early days a brother rose
in his place and after confessing sorrow and repentance for
'‘coming in contact” with a neighbor he was forgiven and
restored to fellowship. In 1828 a committee was appointed “to
visit a beloved sister and stir her up.” The doctrine of
apostacy was not a tenet of the Hopeful creed and yet the
records for the year 1828 show that while they did not believe
in “falling from grace” they did believe in the falling of Grace,
a member bearing that name having been excommunicated
for some alleged moral obliquity.
Rev. Elisha Perryman, a noted Baptist minister of the
old days, while never a pastor of Hopeful held membership
there for a time and aided the church in many ways in its
religious work. He was a plain blunt mian of limited education,
very plain speech and some eccentricities. My father was his
physician and at one time was instrumental in curing him of
a very serious malady, making, in view of his ministerial call-
ing no charge for the service. Meeting my father after his
recovery he said: “Dr. I am going to spread your fame from
Dan to Beersheba.” Some months later an itinerant corps of
musicians opened up in the community a kindergarten school
of music and my father allowed my brother and myself to
matriculate in the violin class. came to the preacher’s
This fact
knowledge and my father’s fame, so far as it rested upon Mr.
Perryman’s effort for its extension, failed to reach either Dan
or Beersheba. In Mr. P.’s eyes a man who would allow his
boys to play on the fiddle was anathema maranatha, fit material
for the worm that dieth not and the fire that is not quenched.
Many stories were told during my boyhood of Mr. Perryman’s
peculiarities and some of them may be worthy of a place in
these records. Col. A. C. Walker once gave me the following
incident. Mr. P. had preached on the sin of Sabbath breaking
and in the course of his discourse had given many instances of
what he conceived to be temporal judgments visited upon of-
fenders for violating the sanctity of the Lord’s Day. One of
his ministerial brethren sat in the pulpit to close the service
and when the sermon was ended he rose to make a few ad-

Jfirfj wode ion ob lud ^clJfidoiq e«w moD
t>«at -ndlQtdtB xh^’^ o^tft ni RQi«tfiDX> isiLion* ciO
loi 3Dftsln3qr^ I)«Jl won^;^ ^aUi^tfoo bn£ 3D£lq «id ni
bn£ ni^vigioi aiiw iS>d io4iJ;gi^n £ ”3DBJno3 ni ^jnimoa**
s til .qid8woII‘>l oJ bvioiB ii
ol“ bdJnioqqfi 2fiw
lo sntiloob 9 riT '\qu tmI Im* b^ivobd « )i«ir

b^>ai3 lijii^qoH lo jan^l m ion bbw x^^guoqfi

:>ilj )^X
yv^ihd 3on bib viirfJ aUilw IbHj wotfe 8s:8t odi loA abTWl
lo ^nilliJ ^ilt at bib x^fi^ nioi) ^gnilUr* ni

gnivfiri 3aj£n 3Bd3 'gnh&sd b

b3iBolniiintno3X9 Ht>od

qirfEi^drnotn eid bbd btbqoH ft lo nn ^lidw .^x^b Ido

odi b^bic bn« 3rnil lol yi^df
e3i ni ex^w ynsm ni d^iwcb ft

b^limiUo nsrn Jfrold nlidq & esw sH

.>how aitoi^ibi
aid ebw i^dlftl x^'^ .« 3 i)biiln ?#033 dmoa 5 ns dD 33<ja nifilq X'*^' ;

lo mid gnhtto oi kjn^mtmfcnr efiv/ ^mil .^no ift bnfi riftbi^x^^

-Il £3 Iftii^lsinini aid lo ,::^fujlftfii ,xbftlfi/n euoii^a x^^y s
otvi 3 « 3 dl lol sgiftHo bn
aid 13 JIS i^dlfil x^ i3

^iog fnu /lO*’’ bifta ad Voo 31 ^

’(;t 3
rnoil amft^ itiox bfijiqs ol 1 ;

lo aqroo laftranili nft lull'd a'tfHiom amoS .ftdadeiaaCI oJ hbQ

loodae uanfigiabnid ft ban-iqo afluraUmn
ladlsl vrn bnft aiaum lo
ol Ibex^ bnft tadtoid x^^i bov/bria
adt trr aJidtiaiiJcin
i’ladaiiaiq adl 01 acnno lOftTi eitlT ^aftfo niloW
,iM npqti balaai 3l eft ifti a iarfiftl x^” aghalwond
ncG ladlb doeai ol baliftl ,noiait&ixa eli lol noTla «*fxftrnxt’»^'^

odw * eix^ .fidadaiaaH iO|

eid wolifi bltiow ciftm

Umifttn la ,ftdJftnftiftfn sniailjjtfift e^^afbba atH no x^i^

.hadananp lon^ei ifftdl miow adi iol u
aid adl hnft Ion diatb iftdJ

2 ‘n«/nxiia«l .iM lo I>ooHxod X"* blol aibw aahole X"c^^ ^

ni aaftlq £ lo xdl*io’^ ad amoe bnfi eaitnftiiuaaq

gfi’fv/ollol adl am aveg^aito lailifiV/ .3 A -loD .ebioaal aeadi
gnidfiaid riJftddfig lo nie adl no hadaftaiq bed ,4

lo eaonftlani x"ft^” b*d aeiuoaeib eld^jo aainoo adl ni bnft

•lo noqu baliaiv eJnamTabtii Isioqmai ad ol bavmnoa

lo anO .xzd 8'bloa adJ lo x3i^^n«»

aaiv-rae adl aeob ol llqJuq adJ ni l«e naidJ-'^
-b« wal £ aalftrn ol aeoi ad babna 2 ftw non
ditional remarks, '‘Yes brethren” he said “if you break the
Sabbath your sin will shorely find you out, why old Brother
and Sister started out to church not long ago on
Sunday and just as they crossed Sandy Run Creek there came
a streak of lightening and killed ’em both.” As the illustration
ended, Mr. Perryman leaned forward and giving his brother’s
coat tail a rather strenuous twitch he said “Sit down you

goose, you don’t know what you are talking about,” and the
brother’s fervid exhortation ended without an encore.
My genial friend, Brad Merry, whose retentive memory is
as full of stories as the proverbial egg is of meat, has recently
given me the following: Mr. Perryman on one of his preach-
ing tours spent a night at the home of Judge Edmund Palmer,
who has already been named in these memories. The Judge
was not a pronounced believer in race suicide having been
blessed, as Bill Arp once said of himself, with “a numerous
and interesting ofiFspring.” In the opening prayer preceding
the sermon on the following day Mr. Perryman told the Lord
how kindly he had been entertained by his hospitable friend
Judge Palmer and then added : “And now Lord let thy bless-
ings rest upon the Judge and his wife and their long train of
children.” Mrs. Palmer was an auditor that day and however
impressive the sermon may have been she was hardly edified
by the personal allusion in the prayer.
My good friend W. J. Steed, whose constant kindness and
unselfish friendship have blessed my life so many years has
been to me always a veritable Samaritan, never passing by
on the other side when a story from his prolific mental store-
house would fill my needs. He stands sponsor for thv fol-
lowing incident. Mr. Perryman had closed a successful pro-
tracted srvice in Lincoln County and was burying in a liquid
grave the fruits of his labors. Baptisteries were not in vogue
in that section at that day and the waters of a nearby stream

were utilized for baptismal purposes. The previous record of

one of the “candidates” had not been such as to commend him
as a shining exemplar for the rising generation and one of his
friends stood by the water-side determined to see that nothing
should occur in the administration of the rite to mar its effec-

*»Y“ ‘‘noijib
vdw ,JiiO rj^3x xH>tode ?fiw m« loox di^ds^
isrfloiS bto
no ogc s’nol“J<ici' ^ two -r»iai2 bn*

smcD MirfJ Xb'M»?. bse^cno v.stlJ z» «iH bn* x*bnu?-

mV b»«i>l bn* sninMiJs-l *
noiJinJaiim 9 di sA
banssl nsmxiM*! •'•J'- .bsb"*
ei9ril<«d ai4,-gnrn^ bris
lid 3*03
BOYJ>flwob ife" :bi«* Mi lialiwJ euounsit*
i 9 t{}*i

o»ril bnt jjiiijIltJ

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2 i»dJoid
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e*ri 4*9tn lo *i 33’ IsWt'JVoiq sdJ ** aahola lo IIu^ *«
,rio*«q aid to 9H0 flo .iM 'snix/olW 9* »m ni.v.3

^-K»rriJi:<I bnumbS lo 9 rtiotl»»rl J « td^i" e Jnsqe *inol

, ,

ni b3i*i*n owd xheails e*il onw

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to btoa wno-qiA llifl ts .bsaasid
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gnibotwwi isvsiq ^nin^qo »d1 nl ’’.^nhqaBo ^nilaiistni bn*

1 i'i V
iiS£:>i toowl '3ilJ IjtoJ nsat (tt^.
n %x«l. ^mv/allol »d| no nofiiw »rtJ
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a-«*»ld'! bioJ v#qn *n/v" -.bYbba n^riJ bn* r>m!s<l ssbnl
sriJ noqu^fe 9 t ajm
to titoti 300! iwrtl'bnfi oUw eiri bne aafaul;
i3i*3wort,bn« ycb J*j*j loiibu* ne eevr ^3mlls'J .aiU ".nyiblirfo
b»iJib 9 7,U«J!d as* 3 di n^-jd svEd'yetn
notmaa 3 tlt^^Yie^9^qmi
,i9t.(nq srfJ ni noiairHirliBnnri jq 9 dl vd
’S J'ii iiSHfc'
•<< "?bn«je* 3 it'bni 3l tnfifsJJos tuqiJm .bsaJl?- .I
bt»hl boo 3 yM
eiii! xnMW o« 3JU
acd 8is»x ynAin w tw
wm bueaaW
ffcti qidabn^iil daiiliann

5^ni«2fiq *iv/!W
• t *
o(d*tlnv s
.* ^ ^

aid »i<rr! 6 n^dw sble lodiO sdt no

vm IIA hi now o«wod
/ -Iq* flbdi
B b*d n*f!dV‘*’t5^ Jn^blDni ^niwo
y h^q,,ij-0tq liflfiitooouB

1 —.binpil^n nt Tanivind zuw b«it v^jflncO nlooniJ nr

i^au^ov ni Jon -giOdfil «id k> eliin^ ^dJ t/kt^

mc^itfi^rthBon s, lo mtw ^di bn« Xflb iBdi noJjooa UdJ m
lo tno:m «t>oW^iiq ^niT <**»fto<rw3Cl iol hwHiJu
mid bmrnmo^ ol bb il:>u« n^od ton hsd '’rariclwbaw^ Ip 9tio
aid \o »no bns noi)KT>n95l ?|nieh i»dt io\
*^fitri)on l*di 998 oi 9bl«*T9ifiw ^dl bpoj^
e»l iJsm oi-9l'n »dJ }o noiisii«inimhB ^dl
tiveness. As Mr. P. drew him from the water this friend
said: “Try him again, I don’t think you got him well under
that time.” The preacher was preparing to comply when the
young man said “Please don’t, I think I saw a mink when

I was under there just now.” Whether the protest was effec-
tual the recordsdo not show.
The Mr. Perryman’s life were spent in this
later years of
community. Pie died during my boyhood and the funeral ser-
vices were conducted by Rev. Jonathan Huff under an agree-
ment of long standing between them, that whichever survived
should render this loving service for his dead friend and co-
Mr. Huff lived in Warren County, but served Hopeful
church as its pastor from 1828 to 1836. The following incident
in his ministerial life has no connection with this church, but

may be worthy of record in these homely annals. A church

under his care numbered among its members Mr. Joshua
Whittaker noted for his skill as a marksman. According to
his own claim he had killed deer, wild turkeys and other game
with his rifle at such long range as not only to astonish the
natives, but tax the credulity of strangers as well. And these
feats usually occuired when no other eye but his own wit-
nessed the performance. The matter finally reached a stage
where Mr. Pluff felt that Brother Whittaker’s propensity to
exaggerate was bringing reproach upon the church and a con-
ference was therefore called and a committee appointed to
“labor with the brother” and win him back from the sin
that seemed so easily to beset him.On the appointed day the
pastor and his deacons metMr. Whittaker’s home and feel-
ing reluctant to tackle in his own house, they asked him
to accompany them to a neighbor’s, a mile or so away. Plaving
no clue as to their mission, he readily assented and taking his
rifle from the pegs on which it lay he said in explanation that a

hawk had been foraging on his wife’s chicken preserve and he

might find opportunity to stop its depredations. They had
covered about half the distance when Mr. Whittaker stopped
sudilenly and said: “There he is now,” “Where?” said Mr.
Hulf. Pointing to a large poplar a long distance away he re-

bn»hl etiiJ srfJ (no»^ fn’in wisb .*5 iW «A .ti-wisvii

BOX *''*<**’ 'f'T" •***"

Tsbflu flaw aiid*Joa'
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ii»dw >lnim B wis'-I i»»M3 I .J'nob '>aaM‘I" ;biaa nam gmiox

oaBs'eaw }8slbT<l »i0 wriJstdW ".won jeoi a«riJ iibdo «sw 1
W*.*J .woda Joa ob abiowi #dJ faoi
; aidJ ni }a»q*,9ww 9IU .iM )o aiesx ’••T'

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inabbni ^mv/o!Ial oriT .d£8t-ol moil e)i

Jird ,ri3iurb «irfi rftfv(riitohD9nnoo on rk/! 9HI IsiTMRimm ecH iii

m <£m
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^noms b^isdroun 5ii!o aid ^^bnu

fiorfRol ,iU RiiKim'^fn aJj

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idrfJ^o bnfi bU’// bad ‘id miab nwo Rid

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^dJ dafnoiaa oJ
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plied : “Look up that tree about fifty
and then ten feet to
the right and you will see the hawk on a nest in the
fork of the limb.” Mr. Huff and the deacons looked and looked,
but neither nest nor hawk could they see. “What” said Mr.
Whittaker, “Can’t see the hawk? Why I can see his eyes.”
They shifted their position and strained their eyes, but with no
better success. “Well I’ll show him to you,” and drawing a
careful bead he fired. As the smoke cleared away the hawk
fell to the ground with a dull thud. An examination of the
game showed that the ball had passed through the head going
in at one eye and coming out at the other. The journey was
resumed in a silence that was a little oppressive both to Mr.
Huflf and his deacons. They had gone but a little way when
the preacher stopped and said, “Brother Whittaker, I have
heard so many miraculous stories of your marksmanship with
your rifle that I could not believe them and I thought they
were injuring the church and I had brought these brethren
with me to aid me in the effort to induce you to bring these
stories down to the limit of credibility, but since you have
killed that hawk by shooting him through the eyes when I
couldn’t even see the nest I’ve got enough and I’m going home.
Good-bye, Brother Whittaker.”
The argumentum ad hawkem had done the work. The
committee de inquirende adjourned sine die without the bene-
diction, and “Brother Whittaker’s” tongue was left to wag
from that day on ad libitum et ad infinitum.
I once told the story to a friend, who knew the hero, and

he said “I am not surprised. Why he could see a honey bee


a quarter of a mile away.” And then in further evidence of the

abnormal development of the Whittaker tribe not only in the
line of vision but on other lines as well he said that two of
them were passing a church steeple when one looking up to
its apex for a moment said to the other, “Can you see that fly

buzzing around the point of that steeple?” And the other

replied, “No but I can hear him buzz.”
Aside from those already named. Rev. Joseph Polhill, a
prominent Baptist minister in his day, is associated with the
history of Hopeful Church. Though never serving as its pas-
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-^ajq Kl4 ta ;gnm^ lovan rfguoriT .rfoiiidO loJaqoif'fo :

* -iv
tor he began his religious life at its altars and in his earnest
and effective ministration for other churches in the Hephzibah
Association, he was instrumental in bringing into their com-
munion nearly a thousand members.
The church building at Hopeful erected in 1851 at the
cost of $5,000, and by a membership numbering only sixty
five, still stands as a center of religious influence and a lasting
monument to the Christian liberality and zeal of its old time


During my
boyhood there stood on a blackjack ridge near
the present southern limits of Hephzibah a hewn log church
by the rather contradictory title of ‘'Old New Hope.” At
what date it began its mission as a pioneer radiant of moral
and religious activity I do not know, but it was probably in the
early years of the 19th century. Unearthed from a batch ot
old records left by my grandfather Charles Clark, who died in
1852, there is now in my possession a roster of New Hope’s
membership compiled April 9, 1833, and with such additions
as were made to October 1844. This roll embraces a large
number of those who have already found a place in these
records, among them Nicholas Murphey and family, Charles
Clark and family, John, Matthew, Moselle and Sarah Cars-
well, Robert H. and Betsy Ann Evans, Philip and Martha
Evans, William J. and Martha Rhodes, Lavinia and Araminta
Rhodes, .\nderson, John W., Frederick and Amarintha Rheney,
Betsey Walker, Matthew Templeton, and nearly a hundred
others. Among members there is one “Diadem Jewel”
who if she her name must have been a gem of
fitly illustrated

the first water. New Hope church in 1833 formed a component

part of what was known in Methodist economy as the WUrren
circuitof the Georgia Conference. Rev. Lovick Pierce the
Nestor of Georgia Methodism was then presiding elder of the
Augusta district, while Isaac Boring served New Hope and
other churches as pastor with Robert Stripling as Junior
Preacher. A baptismal record found in connection with the


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roll of members furnishes the following approximately correct
list of Methodist itinerants who ministered to this community
from 1809 to 1849 •

1809 Watson, 1811 Lewis Adyers, 1813 Alichael Burge,

1815 Joseph Tarply,^ 1818 John Mate, 1820 Tilman Snead, 1822
James Turner, 1824 Joseph Travis, 1827 Allen Turner, 1829
P. N. Maddox, 1830 James E. Glenn, 1834 Geo. W. Carter,
1839 P. N. Maddox, 1841 John J. Triggs, 1843 T. D. Peitrifoy,
1844 Jno. C. Simrnons, 1847 Jr^o* P- Duncan, 1849 Josiah
Lewis. The names of James O. Andrew and George F.
Pierce occur in this record in 1832 and 1837 respectively, but
they were both evidently Presiding Elders of the District.
The building of Berlin church at some date in the ’30s and
of Clark’s Chapel in 1847 drew so largely upon the membership
of New Hope that its use as a house of worship ended prob-
ably about the last named year. The late William W. Rhodes
once told me that it was the rule or custom of this church to
construe attendance upon its ‘dove feasts” for three consecu-
tive occasions as prima facie evidence of a desire to enter its
communion, but that having no special trend in that direction
in his boyhood he would bar the application of the rule to his
own case by always skipping the third service. The Rev. E.
R. Carswell, Sr., gave me the following reminiscences of New
Hope. During the pastorate of Rev. Josiah Lewis he attended
preaching at the church when through the inclemency of the
weather or other cause there were present beside himself only
Rev. Nicholas Alurphey and his wife, and my father. That is
to say two preachers and two active members of the church
formed the congregation and Brother Lewis preached to these
four from the text, “Ye must be born again.” Fie had evidently
prepared the discourse for a class of hearers wlio preferred the
cosy comfort of their blazing fire-side to the cliilly air of an
old log church, whose only heating arrangement was confined
to the weakened rays Alatthew Templeton,
of a winter sun.
an old time member was accustomed to
of this old church
walk to the Sabbath service, but on one occasion he varied the
rule by riding his mettled steed. Hitching him to a conven-
ient sapling he entered the church where the fervor of the


'^1 ;«


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sermon or the mellowness of the old-time songs banished from
memory of his morning ride. The service
his brain cells all
ended, he tramped his way homeward leaving his faithful
horse to wonder in his equine way if the pulpit deliverance
would never end.
The last vestige of old “New Hope” has long since van-
ished into airy nothingness and no one now perhaps could
mark unerringly where once its hallowed altars stood,
the spot
and yet just seventy years ago its rough hewn walls were
echoing in rhythmic melody the charming eloquence that
came unbidden from the gifted lips of saintly George F. Pierce


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The and zeal of the early days found full
religious faith
and fit expression in the freedom and fervor of the old camp-
meeting service. Leaving behind them for a time their daily
toil and care these old time ]\Iethodists went out into the open

woods to one of God’s first temples and through the mellow

sunshine of mild September days and in the shadows of the
Autumn nights they made their vows afresh and sought -to
save their fellow men. Aside from the religious benefit ac-
cruing from these services there was a social side to these oc-
casions that brightened and relieved the dull monotony of
rural, isolated life and left its gladness and its glamour to
I linger in the hearts of men for weeks and months to come.
Not far from our village limits there lay in the old days
two shaded groves dedicated at different times to these an-
nually recurring open air services. The 'first was near the
waters of the Grindstone branch and only a little way from the
old time home of Rev. Nicholas Murphey. If my information
is correct no “Tents” as they were called were built on the

ground. The people came in covered wagons and these were

used as sleeping quarters during the progress of the meeting.
When conditions in the community had improved, financially
and otherwise, the site of the Richmond Camp Ground was
changed to an ideal spot not far removed from the present
plant of the Albion Kaolin Co., and donated for the purpose
by Absalom Rhodes. A spacious tabernacle was erected and
bordering it on three sides there stood more than a score of
comfortable summer dwellings dispensing a lavish hospitality
to all came. My father’s “tent” after its last enlargement,
I am sure comfortably housed and slept and fed at least fifty

guests outside his own family. With the missing links in my

. own memory supplied by conference with my old friends J. W.
Burch, and R. H. P. Day, I am able to give the following
approximately correct list of these old time “tent holders” as
they were called. Taking them alphabetically they were as
follows: James Anderson, Augustus H. Anderson, James
Brandon, Joseph E. Burch, Charles Burch, Samuel B. Clark,

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^niwolloi odJ avig oJ aide ms I ,x^*Q bns ,.i8 .doiufl \4jip.

as '’aiablod jnaj“ amiJ bio atadj Io Jail JaynoD^x^aJsmixoiqqs

aa aiaw vadJ xHj^il^^dsdqis mariJ gnidsT .ballsa^ aiaw^X^*^^

aamsf .noeiabnA .H aoJaugwA ,noaiabnA

>IisID .fl bumsS .dainfl eabsdD .riaiofl .H.dqacjoJ^^obnsifl
Geo. H. Crump, William Doyle, Robert Evans, Edmund B.
Gresham, H. D. Greenwood, Dr. Walter E. Johnston, Jesse
Johnson, Jesse Kent, Robert Malone, Holland McTyeire, Rev.
Nicholas Murphey, Alexander Murphey, Hiram Oswald, Ab-
salom Rhodes. Middleton Seago, Mrs. Nancy Seago, Joseph
Thomas, Edmund Tabb, David Tinley, Valentine Walker
and Asaph Waterman. For twenty-five or thirty years this
camp ground flourished like a green bay tree. Its annual
services were blessed by the earnest and efifective labors of
George F. Pierce, James O. Andrew, Jno. W. Glenn, Thomas
IF Pierce, Josiah Lewis, Wm. M. Crumley, John W. Knight,
Allen Turner and many other worthies of the old days. John
W. Knight preached his first sermon at a service on this
ground. In his youth and early manhood he had been wild,
reckless and dissipated. Fie ‘'quit his meanness” as the late
Sam Jones expressed it, joined St. John church and soon after
applied for license to preach. George F. Pierce was Presiding
Elder of the Augusta District and Mr. Knight’s application
embarrassed him. Mr. Knight’s previous record, lack of edu-
cation and general awkwardness would, he thought, militate
very strongly against his usefulness as a minister. While the
matter was pending the Richmond Campmeeting came on with
Dr. Pierce, as he was called, in charge. A dearth in ministerial
help furnished opportunity to test the young applicant’s fitness
for the pulpit and iMr. Knight was assigned to a preaching
hour in the service. The result astounded the future Bishop.
His fluent, forceful, impassioned appeal silenced all misgivings
and secured the license. With limted knowledge of books, his
strong native intellect, terrible earnestness and unique method
of presenting the truth made him a successful preacher. Rev.
'Fhomas F. Pierce a short time before his death gave me the
following reminiscence of Mr. Knight. At the close of one
of Mr. Pierce’s sermons he asked “LTncle John,” as he was
familiarly called, to lead in prayer. The old man k'neeled
down and began, “Lord there are just three things that we
want to talk toyou about this morning and we want you to
pay special attention.” As he enumerated each item he would
close the statement with an inquiry of his Master, “Are you


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b^J!> 3 nSl nsm bio odT
3w iadl z^nitU Jaui oiJs ov>Hs bioJ“ .naa^d bnc «^ab
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listening? Are you listening?” And then said Mr. Pierce “He
gave voice to one of the most powerful prayers I ever heard
from human lips.”
After Mr. Knight’s maiden sermon at Richmond Camp-
meeting 'George F. Pierce, whether as Presiding Elder or
Bishop was one of his strongest friends and advisers. As they
talked one day the Bishop said to him, “John, you are a good
preacher, but you get off the track sometimes. You start up
the creek all right, but you wander off into some shallow
branch where there are no fish at all.” “I guess you are right
Bishop,” Mr. Knight replied, “and the next time you are in the
pulpit with me and I get into one of those branches, I wish
you would give my coat tail a twitch and Pll get back into deep
water again.” Not many weeks afterward the Bishop chanced
to attend one of his friend’s appointments and sat in the pulpit
to close the service. In the course of the sermon the preacher
reached a point where in the estimation of the Bishop he had
struck the unfruitful shallowness of branch water and recalling
the request made he leaned forward and gave his brother’s coat
tail a gentle twitch. Mr. Knight recognized the signal and
turning his back to the audience he thundered with an imperial
sweep of the head, “Bishop you are wrong there. There are
fish up that creek and the biggest sort.” His hearers were
doubtless entertained if not edified by that unexpected and un-
explained number on the program and his ministerial bark
was allowed to glide on without interruption to its destined
James Knight, who died a year or two ago in Eatonton,
Ga., was a son of “Uncle John,” and in his boyhood developed
some characteristics of the Munchausen type.
Seated at the breakfast table one morning he taxed the
credulity of the family by the statement that he had just seen
a million rats down at the pond.
was his father’s custom in riding to his appointments to
stop at homes by the wayside and hold prayer with the family.
On this particular morning after Jim’s breakfast deliverance, he
mounted his steed and halting at the first house on his route,
he said to the lady, who met him at the door, “Sister I have


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qaab oini xa£d )»j| il'I bi)B rialivH b tim Uoo vm avig blr/ow uo\
baanwia qorialH aril bifivnalls fedaaw xasm loVt *’.ni£^B lalsw
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SariaBafq;»<t)' lo ^ aril nl .aaiviae aril a«ola ol t

bBff ad qoffSia aril lo aoit4mil*a arfi**ni aiariv/ iiiioq s bariaBai

gnitlfioai brt* lalfiw rianfitri lo ^^anwoIUrfa^ Iriiiiuilnf/ aril doinlz
itoaVtariloid 8bf hm banBal ari ab£m laaupyt aril

bnfi'lBfrsia aril basm^oaai rlrf^ifT^i .iM .rfaliwl alJna^ b IiBl

riliw byrabfir/ril ari aaftaibriB adJ 01 daBd «iri ^nirnul

aiB aiariT ^aaarit -gmviw ai/i i/ox qoriaiH^* ,b«ari adl lo qaawe
. , aiaw eraiBari «1H ®'.no« adl bnjs riaaila )sdl qii d^ri
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V .navBd
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baqolatab booriXod aid ni bnjt **,ndoX afonIT* lo noa b g£w ..bO
jpiaafiBibnnM adJ lo gob8nalDBii;da amoa
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naaa lai^ bBrf ad Ifiifl inamaiBla adl vd xMoibI adl lo Ylilnhaia

ol'einamlnloqqB biH o) i^nibh ni molP.oa eSadlfil aid aBw ll

aril riliY/ laYBiq Iriori bn® abie^sv^r aamodJB qola
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’avfid T Tal8i2** ,ioob adi Jb mid lam odw ,xbst

, L
just dropped, in tohave a prayer with you,” and dropping on
his knees he prayed for the family and the church and the
world generally, winding up his petition with this invocation,
“And now Lord forgive Jim Knight for that lie about them
rats this morning, and save us all in Heaven.”
On another occasion Rev. J. H. Echols was preaching
while Mr. Knight sat before him an interested listener. In the
elaboration of his theme the preacher was portraying the

characteristics of a gay and festive sinner and his gifted tongue

was drawing the picture with the skill of an artist. As he
neared the consummation and gave the finishing touches Mr
Kinght to the amazement of the preacher and the amusement
of the audience sang out, “Now aint he a blossom?”
The reader will not I trust form his judgment of this
saintly man mainly from these peculiarities. He was
solely or
a diamond in the rough. From the day of his reformation he
served his ^Master humbly, faithfully, effectively often brilliant-
ly in the pulpit and if there are reserved seats in the Celestial
City he is surely filling one, today. Bishop Pierce once said
of him, “If his moral and educational environment had been
favorable in his early life he would have stood in the front
rank as a preacher. His pulpit efforts ranged all the way from
cipher to a hundred but in his dryest moods there were al-
ways scintillations of his originality. His best sermons for
range of thought, power of expression and touching pathos I
have never heard excelled.”
Some minor incidents come back to me to-day over the
waste of vanished years of those old campmeeting days, in-
marked religious trend. My first personal
cidents that bear, no
acquaintance with that peculiar species of the genus homo
known as tramp, occurred at this camp grouiul. He was known
to the general public as Lazy Lawrence and in appearance was
a typical member tramp tribe. He wore upon his, griz-
of the
zled locks the fading, battered remnant of a once glossy silk
tile, upon his rugged face the glow of a perennial smile and on

his lips the mellow cadence of an Irish brogue. In his earlier

days he had probably been an Irish ditcher, but in his later
years his constitutional aversion to physical labor had placed

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him on the retired list without emoluments or pay. When
the lusty voice of Edmund Tabb rang throug the vibrant bugle
the maiden opening service on those old grounds
call to the

the battered tile was there and when its last notes on the
closing day faded out on the Autumn air its owner

'‘Would fold his tents like the Arab

And as silently steal away.”

I do not recall that he ever attended a religious service,

but when Bob Toombs
the tempting meals were spread, like
story of the Vermont Democracy he was “always on hand with
his dish up.”
What became of him during the twelve months interval
between these services I do not know unless with his physical
wants entirely filled by a four days feast he went into a state of
prolonged hibernation until the bugle blew again-
But this peripatetic specimQn of the tramp tribe was not
the only acquaintance formed at these annual services. On
one of these occasions I came into personal but not pleasant
contact with what the modern medical fraternity term acute
indigestion but w'hat was then known to the unprofessional
mind at least, by the less aesthetic title of cholera morbus.
While convalescing from this attack an old negro woman, who
was rendering culinary or other service at a neighboring tent
came in and noticing that I was a little under the weather she
kindly asked, “What’s the matter with you?” As I gave her
the old time name of my physical ailment she drew back with
a look of apprehension on her honest old face and said in a
tone of some alarm, “Is it ketching?” I hastened to assure her
that to the best of my medical knowledge and belief the trouble
was hardly “ketching” and her fears were relieved.
Rev. Milton A. Clark, who for twenty years and more has
been laboring as a missionary among the Indians attended
when boy these campmeeting services. Awaking one morn-
ing in my father’s tent he was unable to locate the bifurcated
outer garment that he had laid aside on retiring to rest. My
mother learning of his trouble sent Henry, a negro boy owned


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by my father, into the room to aid him in the search. On his
reappearance my mother asked if he had found them and he
replied, “No Mistiss, Mars Milton wouldn’t help me. He just
sot dar a snuffin.’’ Milton’s long and strenuous service as a
Confederate soldier culminating in the loss of a leg as he
bravely faced the bursting shells to rescue a wounded comrade
at Spottsylvania and his twenty years or more of arduous self-
denying labor among the untamed Indians of the West have
brought him many weightier trials than that recited above,
but he has met them with a quiet fortitude and patience that
failed him in his boyish trouble on that campmeeting morning
in the long ago.
The annual service on these old grounds was continued
until the strain and stress of war caused its suspension and it

was never resumed. The old tabernacle was moved in 1869

to its present site at Gracewood and campmeetings have been
held there for all thfese years but never with their former
charm or prestige.


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1 rtt-

”. A**
7 wmr
On New Year’s Day and the 23rd Vir-
in 1862, the First
ginia regiments with Ashby’s cavalry and other Confederate
troops started out from Winchester, Va., on a winter tramp
under Stonewall Jackson with the benevolent purpose of in-
ducing by moral suasion or otherwise, a certain Federal force
then trespassing on Virginia soil to return to their homes and
thenceforth and thereafter to “play in their own back yards.”
Col. William B. Taliaferro, who in the years that followed
won his spurs as a major general, was then commanding the
23rd Virginia. Riding by our regiment in one of the early
days of this January outing, he was saluted by one of its
members with the query:
“Where are the Yankees, colonel?”
“Up he replied, giving the
at a little place called Bath,”
name the modern and up-to-date pronunciation of “Barth.”
So, nestled away on the borders of old “Pinetucky” and
only a little way from our rustic* town, there has lain for a
hundred years or more “a little place called Bath,” or if the
“culchar” of the reader so prefers it, “Barth.”
In its early days it was known as the Richmond Baths,
but whether from any alleged medicinal virtue in the limpid
water that gushed and gurgled from one of its shaded vales,
this scribe is not prepared to say.
Bordering the ancient Indian trail that lay between Au-
gusta and Galphin’s trading post at Old Town, it was probably
in ante-railroad days a station on the old stage route that led
to Louisville.
When plans were being formulated to construct the Geor-
gia Railroad to Atlanta, some of its promoters suggested a
route that ran by Bath, but the old time residents made strenu-
ous objection. They did not want their rural quietude dis-
turbed by the smoke and snort of iron horses and another line
was chosen.
Through all its ante-bellum history, this little village was
the resort of wealthy planters from the adjoining county of
Burke. Cultivated and refined, with ample means and ample



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leisure these old time Southern gentlemen builded here their
old colonial mansions and made of Bath a social center noted
far and wide for its charming elegance and old-time Southern
Prominent among its earliest settlers and filling large
space ante-bellum history, there was a race that came
in all its
of Scotch Presbyterian stock. Driven from their native heath
by religious persecution they found a refuge in Northern Ire-
land in the early years of the 17th century. A hundred years
later William ^^'hitehead, one of the tribe decided to try his
fortune in the New World and settled on the soil of the Old
Dominion. In 1764, or possibly earlier, three of his grandsons,
John, Amos and Caleb, migrated to Burke County, Ga., taking
a section of land that stretched for fifteen miles along the
western bank of Brier creek. The lands were fresh and fertile,
their slaves multiplied and they and their sons and grandsons
took rank among the wealthiest planters of this wealthy old
county. Noted in all the fair and broad domain that formed
their landed estate was the Spread Oak Place, settled, improved
and beautified by the original John Whitehead and the birth-
place of three generations or more of his descendants.
But on these virgin lands where the pendant moss in grey
festoons drapes the forest trees and the snowy cotton bloomed
and boiled and whitened in almost tropical luxuriance under
the Southern sky the malarial germ in earth or air or stagnant
streams found its abiding place and “third-day chill and fever”
hung like a pall over the summer and autumn days. In such
environment the old familiar salutation “give us a shake”
nuisit hardly have found its birth for shakes, that bore no warm

relationship to milkshakes, came without the courtesy of any

To find some surcease fromannoying yet rarely seri-
ous many of the old time Whiteheads made their
homes in the balmy, resinous, and germless air of Richmond
Bath. Among them were John and James, Amos G. and John
P. C., Troup and William, John Berrien and John Randolph.
With them came other wealthy planters from old-time Burke,
of whom the following are recalled, Adam McNatt and W'^m.


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:Lw''b;r«s?9rivrs r-wX
8c 'rf(
S. C. Morris, Rev. Joshua Key and Major Poythress, Samuel
and Gideon Dowse, Samuel and William Byne, Amos W. Wig-
gins and Thomas Nesbit, Commodore Nelson and last but not
least Quintillian Skrine, who as Senor Quinzimaniskrani and
with 'his conferes Senor Cartara, Senor Benneti, Senor Antonini
and Senor Portosi representing Dr. Carter, Major iBennett, Dr.
Anthony and Major Poythress formed the dramatis personae
in “The Conspirators,” a political drama written by Col. A. C.
Walker in the “forty-four, forty or fight” period of Southern
All of these old homes kept open house, dispensing a
princely old time Southern hospitality to all who came. In
these latter days a girl of the period invites three or four friends
to her home days and the local reporter em-
for three or four
blazons it and biilliant house-party,”
in the press as a “large
but I am assured by one whose memory goes back to the old
Bath days that it was not unusual for her father to entertain
thirty guests, continuously for weeks and weeks at his old Bath


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>•*), 'Mi,' SWV-

;j*yi > , i.i 's^ii

is: \ riK
In the summer of ’6i the Confederate Government was
endeavoring with wholly inadequate force to hold the un-
friendly territory of West Virginia true to its allegiance to the
Southern cause.
In the army of occupation was the 21st Virginia regiment
holding as a component part of its organization' a splendid
company of Baltimore boys commanded by Capt. Lyle Clark.
Within its ranks there was a fairhaired lad within whose loyal
veins there flowed the blood of a Revolutionary sire, who had
not only signed Tom. Jeflferson’s historic paper, but had affixed
his signature in such a way as to leave no possible doubt as to
his identity if the effort of the colonies had come to grief.
In the mountain campaign that followed this boy soldier grew
sick and helpless and was forced to ask the kindly care of a
friendly mountaineer.
Afew days later there came to the home two Augusta
boys, membersof the Oglethorpe Infantry, ist Ga. regiment,
asking for a night’s shelter, and were assigned to the invalid’s
room. He had grown weak and despondent and thought that
his time had come. They cheered him as best they could and
one of them to divert his mind from his illness showed him a
picture of his Georgia sweetheart. It was the face of a typical
Southern girl with laughing eyes and mobile lips and a wealth
of soft brown hair. The night passed and the Augusta boys
hurried on to overtake their Command.
The sick boy was nursed back to health and rejoined his
comrades later.
In a life of more than sixty years I can recall few days in
which palmetto fans w'ere as absolutely useless as January 4th,
in ’62. If not the coldest I have ever known, as the rustic
witness said, it was certainly “tharabouts.”

Our winter tramp with Stonewall Jackson had brought us

within a mile of Col. Taliaferro’s little place called “Bath.”
Our regiment had been halted awaiting Gen. Jackson’s final dis-
position of his forces for the expected battle. Standing by the
roadside in the frozen snow I heard the tramp of an approach-

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ing column and Capt. Clark’s crack company from “Maryland,
My Maryland,” marched by with faultless step and ringing,
rhythmic tread on their way to the front to open the engage-
ment on the skirmish line. During my service as a soldier I
came in contact with many military organizations from many
states, but with none that impressed me more by their soldierly
bearing and handsome looks than those grey clad boys from
Baltimore. With them tramped and fought that bitter winter
day the quondam invalid from the Western Virginia home,
but to my personal mental consciousness he was then an abso-
lutely unknown quantityin the algebra of life.
A year later die was sent to Port Gibson, Louisiana, on
some military mission that involved a stop over in Augusta
for a day or two enroute. There he chanced to meet a Virginia
army friend. Col. iMcLeod, of Emanuel county, and as they
chatted pleasantly, two blooming maidens passed them on the
street. “Colonel, those are mighty pretty girls,” said the young
soldier. “Yes, they are friends of mine. Would you like to
meet them?”
“Sure,” was the prompt response, and when the presenta-
tion was made, the face of one of the girls seemed strangely
familiar to him. “Were you ever in Maryland or Virginia?”
he asked.
“Never,” she replied:
“Well, I have certainly met you somewhere.”
“No, I guess not,” she answered. “You have simply met
some girl that resembled me a little.”
“No, it was your face and no other,” and then there came
back to him the memory of a sick bed among the \drginia
mountains in ’6i, of a chance meeting with two Augusta boys,
of a pictured face drawn from an army knapsack to cheer him
in his illness and the mystery was solved. He told her the
story, but she laughingly denied the soft impeachment and
asked him to accompany them on their visit to the old Doughty
home. He went and his stay in Augusta was possibly pro-
longed beyond the limit that military necessity absolutely re-
quired, but before it had ended he had secured from her a
promise that his letters would not go unanswered.

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then the weary, bloodstained years went by, but be-
fore “grim v'isaged war had smoothed his wrinkled front,” the
soft pine air of old time Bath was laden with the breath of
orange blossoms and in the spacious halls of one of its old
time mansions the bidden guests had gathered from far and
near to witness the plighted troth of ^laryland’s grey-clad sol-
dier and his bonnie Georgia bride. And now as I write these
lines on this January day in 1908, the genial face and manly
form of my long-time friend, Phil Carroll, lies at his Greene
street home smitten again by illness while she whose love has
blessed his life for all these years sits by his bedside to cheer
him with her real and not her- pictured face.

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A? A ft' .irt * 7i -fi




4i'. !>*,»; 'fiiiji

siAr 4 '. ''•

4 -t'

iw'K ‘


Some weeks ago I was able to secure some data in the
early history of the old Bath church from my friend Mrs. C.
A. Rowland, who in her girldhood worshipped at altars and

whose kindly hands and gentle, generous heart

have for so
many years in the role of a Good Samaritan brought sunshine
to many shadowed lives and homes. In addition to this in-
formation she gave me also the following story, which while
it hasmo distinctive Bath setting occurred at ‘Tvanhoe,” the

plantation home of her father, Amos G. Whitehead, one of the

old Bath residents and is therefore in some measure germane
to these records. This home lay on the Quaker road not
many miles from Waynesboro and in the track of Sherman’s
famous and infamous “March to the Sea.” Some days before
the advent of the vanguard of the Federal army, Mrs. White-
head in order to minimize in some degree their expected depre-
dations, placed the family silver in charge of Jacob Walker,
one of her trusted slaves, with instructions to conceal it in
some safe hiding place. In faithful execution of his trust he
hid it away in the cavernous depths of an unused well on the
premises, covering the surface opening and concealing it all
with a layer of forest leaves. Kilpatrick’s cavalry corps oc-
cupied the place for a day, the home itself being utilized as
headquarters for the general and his staff. During their stay
Kilpatrick having possibly in his baggage wagon, still space
for a few^ more sets of family treasures took occasion in a
private interview with Jacob to inquire where the family silver
could be found. And the faithful slave believing that even
the law of absolute truthfulness had its limitations in war
times, said with an innocent look in his honest eyes, “Boss,
dere ain’t no silver here at all. Marster done took it all to
Augusta. No, sir, dere ain’t none here.” And the general’s
was not adorned by the White-
table at his next stopping place
head silver. Jacob’s wife was the family cook and under
orders from one of the aides prepared the midday meal for
the uninvited guests. Mrs. Whitehead had reserved a set of
spoons for the family use and these were placed on the table.

'** *
jrfJ Blih 9 mot iiODiU o; sids *sw f o^s siliiw smo2
ni A
muraR JD .eiW 'bnohV tfi' ri->turi3 rilfift bio aril 1o x^owid x'"**’ S
SBwMto! bnsiti^lfi «ll JB ba^cfiejaiow boodbliis i»d "• od w .bnfilwo^ .A
abfiBd (Ibnbl saorfw .|
oa loi'avsd niisrf awoiarjiji .alJnas fj/ic

5irfiwoirol -yrfi o«Ifi aim r/R^ ^rfa noiifinnol

|OT{^ ^ sHl "xsorfiifivl” jfi ^J^7^r)^o igfibj5« riJfiO t>vil3fib«'rb on^afid li |*

9ao^Jb£^l>di»t^dy/ .0 somA iswi io ‘>mod noiifiJnsIq

DnRrnid^ siwaRacB iiJ bn^ ainabiaai Hlfi 9 bio

bitoi bldd oPnbfT aIKT .ebioo^i o) i

£*£j&nn^d8 Jo AdbU &tii ni bnfi oiodasnxfiW moil a^lim *

Jt98 ofli ol fbisl//’ awomB^nl bnB aoomfil <

^ w
ex«b 9tfto8 ;|;
vrmi! !Kiab?>’^ aril lo bicfi^nfiv 9 tii 1 o Jrravbfi aril

/ ‘f

As them
the meal progressed one of the officers tilting one of
on his fingercommented very favorably on its weight, and
evidently sterling quality. The cook heard the comment and
quietly making the circuit of the table she gathered them in
and hid them away.
Jacob’s young master, Willie Whitehead, joined the Burke
Sharp Shooters at the first call to arms in ’6i, and became the
ensign of the Second Ceorgia Regiment. On the bloody slope
of Malvern Hill he went down to death gallantly bearing the
regimental colors. Before leaving home he gave to Jacob as
a special mark of his affectionate regard a handsome set of
gold shirt studs carved or moulded in the form of a wolf’s
head. This cherished gift adorned Jacob’s homespun shirt
front on the occasion of Kilpatrick’s visit and while the raid-
ers were earnest advocates of “Free Silver,” silver that was
free to their pillaging hands, they were in no way averse to
the “double standard” when the occasion offered. The gleam
and glitter, that shone from the negro’s brawny breast attracted
the attention of one of the officers, and fingering the studs
with an itching palm, he said: “These are mighty pretty. I
want them.” And Jacob with the same innocent look in his
homely face, said, “Boss, dere ain’t no gold ’bout dese buttons.
I rubs ’em up every mornin’ to make ’em shine, but dey ain’t

Huffin’ but brass,” and the officer having no desire to add to

his outfit, physical or mental on that particular line, left the
negro in undisturbed possession of his treasure.
I am glad to know that when in after years this trusted

slave was called to his last long home and his lowly form was
laid to rest beneath the shadow of the trees in the city of the
dead, every business house in Waynesboro closed its doors in
loving token of respect for his humble, but faithful life.
It was General Kilpatrick’s purpose to prolong liis stay at

“Ivanhoe,” until the following day, but General ^^dlecler came

up in the afternoon and began to show him social courtesies of
a carbine character and the Federal officer decided to ‘‘move
on,” and “step lively.” “Little Joe’s” attentions were kept up
unremittingly until they arrived at Buckhead creek when
Kilpatrick in order to bar a continuance of these courtesies

. 4*

lo »no ‘snhfrJ ^tU lo »fio li^ae^-rsoiq iBom aril eA

bf!£ ^^rfgbw! aft* no r^Wfttbvis;) rr»v l«*)nj»nTnrto^ ilrf na.

bna nbrnmoa
m nwfh b5i9if3s^
mU bia#d iSo:i idX
Stria ftWet 9rft
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lo Itwsnb sHj :^nbicm xllftiitp
/(jmfi rn‘Hil bid bfu;
7»3iiDa^d^liriW ^UK7/,T9Jafifn grioox ftVo^xil
” is aii^joodg qitilS
3 i1j dfiiswd brti ,id’ nlpmiS oi lUo »

.rnarnr^R irf?2to9D» bnoDi>2 !>rit lo fi^iert^

^qofa xboold ariJ *iO
3iij gfiixB3d 01 ffvsr^ in^w !UH imvUM lo

es doo&l ^oi 3Jmoi! ‘rrol^flt .aiofoD i^i^n ml^ J^

^lo^l^a%it^boaii fi b^ir^ir^^'itinCiUop^$ aid'^lo dism Uisaqa is
a^llow fi lo rrno^odf «i li^bt^rom lo-Jbvtao abula^niiia bfo^‘
Jiida nuqadcqod a'dooBV botnobu llt^ eidT J>a>ii
-biiiT 3Jii ^IklViT bna ilJaiv lo noraeopo 3dJ no incnl
esvr urfJ i3 vIkj;V 3 vl^. 3ih:?r‘ lo e^Jiioovbi® oi3w ai3
dl 33 i 3 Vfi'^YBV/*oo iii^ Siw ,ebfi«d ^gnl^^lUq ibrii ol a^il i

m£3l^ 3dT i?.byi^Bo nolaa^-jo. od* nltdw '^bn&bnsia ^kfwob“ adJ

b 3 J 0 £illf. f 01^311 >dt (TtotI onoria Ifidt/witd^ bn£
orii lo 3no lo froiirrollf ^dl
eboJa^^dl ^gnh^ijjud b»fi
I ^x^tsiirq X^d^im^ 3 ifi rjbifta 3d »mUq ^^ nr. rltiw

aid m ak>ol tnsoomri 3i«w*fi odi tlfr// *<5o3fii bn A. r.m^dl innv/

^.enoliod daab liiofT hit>^ on I'riic yrjh *is*oH**^,biK« /^oal vlorfiod

f hifi,;(3b"^lttd j»nida mf 3iAm ot ‘ottnoin^^^v^ qn mV id«i I, .-4

yit? 3 b on ;g<wv^d odi bna ‘*,aafmb Tud ndlufi'^ 9^

ol bbs 03
3 ri 3 ilali^iftoil ifiliisitiaq
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™ r ,3iifai«>jffaiff^ b^dTUlaibnu oi oig^n
b^ieoTi aid! eiS3X n» nodvi^ isdl v/ond ol bsJ^ mis I

« «£w rmol yIv/oI aid boa Wtori aid ot b3llBD a«v/ 3V£!a
"Jinol la^l

a 33i 3 3 dl lo v/obf.dt, adl dlcon^d o3 bial

id) lo
ni fttoob ef £^mh owda^nvaV/ ni t#«wori ae^nieud r^Tio ,b£3b ft^

. 3 lil Iiildlial lod..3tdm*rd sTwf -J<?1 l:>3qa3l lon^dol

Ifi velaj^nolo^ OJ Jioqioq a’dohlsqliX Un^mO acw i*

3fnAo 131^)311’// lAi^noD jud ,y«b ^rfiYrcdlol odf lijftw ,^:K>dn£vl,

lo £318311003 [flboa mid v#od£ ol bns noomolU od) ni qa
Of b 3»h 03b 13:^1 o yd$ bn* ^^l^'^Tudo 3nidi&3 a
.^qu iqW 313W Snojlftsllis Vabo^ ^iniwl^ " xbvtl
n 3 dv/ 3*3313 tb£3dd3MS lB bovirijs yodl lilnfi
£ 9 ii 9 )iuc#3 ^esriJ lo dDCiJiijnftnoD i; ifid oJ i^bio nr ^


. ^ v^ SSS
whose constancy had grown a little monotonous, burned or
partially burned the bridge. Wheeler’s type of hospitality did
not allow him to wait for a lumber order to be filled by a local
mill and the pews in Buckhead church were utilized to replace
the burned flooring.
Some days later Little Joe to supplement his knowledge
of Burke topography accepted the volunteered service as pilot
of my old friend and school mate, Jno. W. Reynolds, whose
active military duties had been ended by a wound received
at Malvern Hill. In their meanderings they reached the vi-
cinity of “Ivanhoe” again and Mrs. Whitehead invited the Gen-
eral to dine at her home. Little Joe. requested my friend John
to accompany him and they went, but Eliza found no occasion
to remove the spoons that day.

* nwon^fbsrt '(3n*}*no3 seoHw
no bamud ,«oono>oaom
.?2bind arfJ bamud xU£im«i , ^
bib x3iJ*Jiq«oi5 i<\(9qV e’n.»l»swlW
no! Jisw mlil woUe Jon
I/Ktqi * xd b»MB ^ oJ nabno nadmnl f

swaq bns arfJ flim

aaslaan o< bsAililu siaw dani/ria b/isiIntauSt
“ -tni-tooft bsonod aril
aJ aol a!«iJ nal*! 8v*b amo2
agbalwonrf eid inamaliiqus
aaivnaa banaaJfSMitr^ aril baJqaoafi xdq«'>8'^q®l ’’<’“3 ”
Modw .sblonxaH .W .<wil .aJ»iti looda* bns bitahl Wo xrn
I' it'

.,,i: baviaaai bnupw * Xd b'-‘f'na naad bfiri

vadJ esfihabnaam niatb «1 .ItiH nnavlBM

w ii l.* '»v arfisbariaian
i -naO aiiJ baii4i fkadaddV/ .nW
fidoT bnainl
bus nisaa
"aodnavr lo xlino
.amod tad 1* aoib ol {*ia
, noiWKWO on bnuol »t»d ,)naw xadJ bn£ nud xnEqmoDD* ol
^ ''

iBrfj Eftooqe i>iiJ ^vom^i oJ


< a' U "'

» r,J
^ (k


:4 W' •'

yV.^, fcibir 1 iA

The outside world has never had in the years gone by
and will never have in the years to come any true conception
of the peculiar relation that existed between “Marster and
Mistiss” and those, who calledthem such in the old slave days.
They found their birth in conditions that had no precedent and
a system that will have no successor. The tender kindliness
that lay in the hearts of each of these classes, Marster and
slave, mistress and maid, “mammy” and “chile” is a “Lost
Chord,” whose rhytmic melody will never echo again in earth
or sea or sky. To those of my readers, whose conscious life
goes back to those old days the following incident given me by
my friend, Mrs. M. P. Carroll, may awaken a fading memory
of the feeling I have tried to picture.

In the old Bath home of her father, Adam McNatt, many

Augusta guests were entertained and none more frequently,
perhaps, than William Henry Warren. In his periodical trips
to the little village, he was attended by Henry, one of his
slaves, as a valet. In the home of his host, there was a servant
girl, Maria, with whose maiden charms Henry became en-

amoured and a marriage engagement followed. Maria confided

the fact to her mistress and when the appointed day ap-
proached Mrs. McNatt prepared a costly wedding supper,
purchased many bridal gifts and invited all the family servants
in the neighboring homes, as Maria’s marriage guests. The
use of the summer dining room was allowed for the wedding
feast, and the services of Rev. Rufus K. Porter, then pastor of
the Presbyterian church at Bath, was engaged to bind the
nuptial tie, Maria was supplied by her mistress with an ap-
propriate bridal trousseau, the ceremony was honored by the
presence of Mrs. McNatt’s family and the occasion passed off
with much eclat. If my memory serves me correctly, this in-
cident and the many similar ones that occurred in the Old
South have not been given any very special prominence in
Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and yet they may, perhaps, he appropriate-
ly added to the long list of “Southern outrages.”

bnJ6 wlziElX*' naswlad baJaixs sril (loclelai isiluoaq •wU k.
.eXfib »v*le bio o;b ni ri-j»» msiti
bsUso oilw ,o«uil3 Iw" "vMiM
bns JBsbaasnq on b8d.l*dJ «BOiJibo<» nMliidiiadJ
Jsd) rqalev.a
w,nilbni>l i»b<i9J 9 i1T ‘.waesaw* on avftri lliv/‘

bnc i3}8-ifiM!,Mea8l3^3aartJ lo tloEs io gnfisrf aril n» x«I


m^iUiin .avela
jeoJ"/s ei "sluii" bnS "xntfo'^'n*' bir-tn bnfi i

Utw aifaJxdi a*otfw ,lnodO

iUtco ni ni£ga odoa tv/on xI>oI'>(b

slil aoobgncb .qeqrfw .at»b*»3, X^ l»i3«orfl . ‘b*

jnobbnl ^nb/olio^ arfj 3x®b Iblo aaorfi oJ doad aaos

^Xd arn,flavi^
yio<nam gnibElV n^iU-wEiVem dIcwiO A
*iW .bnanl x*" M
jummss^sm^i .a^avyln ot Mu
sycri I ignilaal adi lo

XdEm ,1UVIM mebA awori rllsa bio sdJ nl

.torilsl isri^lo
8tB»i/'3 sJairsuA
"XiJnaSpsil siotn snort brtfij^bsniijia'na yisv/
eqiil leoiboiioq sirf nl viiiaH majlltW rtfidj .aqsriiaq
kfebnaiiEieEw^ari sUJibsd} oJ
aidIto ano .xinsH^xd

jnsviSr* Mw,»T9ilt,^d «lil W »w>d 9ri> »r^ ygF

'rts .sntaoadjiXinaH 1iirni8d:> aeorfw diiw .ehsl^ .h*x

babLos shsM .bawodlol JnsfosrssSrt^’S^nism s bns baiuowi*

’lari ol tad »dl
-q8 x*b bslnioqq* 9 iU rtariw bn* seaiJeim
,iaqqua(t'grtibb»w * b>t«q9''qL'’J3«KaM .eiU bodasoiq
,tr,c™, vlim«!> ^dt Ils baJivrti bne alits Isbhd x"®*" baaedatoq
“RUTHER cold;*
My old friend and comrade, Jim Wilson, was wont to
characterize an abnormal drop in the mercury as being “cold
enough to freeze off the ears of a brass monkey.” The allusion
made former sketch to the frigid temperature that pre-
in a
vailed in Northern Virginia in January *62, recalls a story that
came to me long years afterward and yet that was suggested
by the Virginia “spell,” and that would seem to meet in some
measure, at least, the conditions of Jim’s mental thermometer.
During one of the Confederate reunions in Louisville, Ky., my
old friend Jordan Bottom and myself, made a visit to Cave
Hill cemetery, where rest many of Kentucky's honored dead.
On one of its graveled and winding ways we chanced to meet
two veterans from Parkersburg, W. Va., and in the conversa-
tion that followed, the severity of the winter already named,
became the subject of discussion. My friend Jordan recalled
the fact that the temperature fell below the zero point. I was
unable to either affirm or deny the statement, as my camp outfit
did not include in equipment any thermometer, save my

ears and toes, and they were both ungraded. I did remember,
however, that on the unbridged streams over which we passed,
ice 'lay thick enough and strong enough to bear up the weight,

not only of heavy baggage wagons, but of artillery as well, and

this hardly indicated the fervent heat of a summer solstice.
Growing out of this discussion there came from the lips of one
of our new made friends the following story, corroborated and
confirmed that evening in its essential features by a Confed-
erate captain from Norfolk, Va., who had personally inspected
the documentary evidence.
Some years after the war the contract for carrying the
mail over a star route line that ran over Cheat ^Mountain, on
whose wooded slopes there came to the writer on a fall day in
’61 his initial baptism of fire, was awarded to two Virginia

brothers, one of whom was a pious sort of fellow while the

moral character of the other would hardly have fitted him for
specially efficient service in the line of Sunday school work.
The contract was carried out according to specifications until

.ajoo aaHTua“
s£W ,oo?!iW mi^ bfifl bio >(M
oi jrtow
" gni^d a* ^if? nr qoib Ismwfids ns 9xno5Dai«fii
blo 3 ' “ • *" . f
noieuMfi -»rfT '•.t>5*nom s««id * lo ei#» »dJ Ifl
««9il ol rfguon*.
4rit <« ffoUaJa nsMnol s ni 3b*rr»»

J£ill ’^012 B ariss^i ,sd’ 'C»jiu»Bt "* fitorgriV, n«ttnoVf tii bslisv.*>|

t) 3 fe»3sua aaw JctlJ lav fjii# biBwisii* bib9v. •anol «n ol 9m»

9 ITI 08 af iMm ol maw W«ww JfirfJ baa ”.Haq«'’ Rifii'giiV yd
.lalamofmaril IslRam e-rtritWanollibnoa aril .lesal t#

lo aao gniioa
vra^X^? .aHiyaiwoJ^l enoinua'i alaaabalnoO aril
bna arolioH asbaol bnaiil bio
aye3 ,iiasX?a’

%f0 b baionorilo viiRffi btaa aoarfvj .yiaiamaa lliH

i jaarn oi baansrfo aw «x«’" ^nibniv/ bns balaysig aii lo aao nO
f'fe’ji , -waa»no3 aril ni bns .,sV .7/ .anudeiaalisS moil enmalav owl.
W; ;birnfifi adJ )o >c^niiv;5e ^riJ ,b3v/olIol IsfU noil
.noi«w/3«ib looidwa 3rfl .

ecv/ I ‘.Jnioq oi’>3t 3fll wobd flsl dmlBivqmsJ 3dl l^rfl

iiltnO qmi;b 3 rfl to irrtft^Ji i^dii^ oi ^Idfiftn

3V6S ,TTt9mofrrAr^ X*’® In^mqinp^ ali iti ^bijlDm ^on bib

;iTdmonii>T bib I rflod 313Wbne .«3ol hns ^^S'>
v^rfl ;

;jb3t8 fiJ&(| im dojrfw liSivo ^rfusjunia b^'ghiidnn 3dt no isHl ,T3V5worf .

Jfebw !>rfi qn ol ^gnoTla bfr/rl^noiiT ^loirii x**‘ '

hnfi Jhw ss viMhs }o md .ano^fiw 3^535^ lo^yjno Ion

T9mmiJ& In^vTsl otti b^lsotbnl aidl
jS fe l*3rf

3no10 eqil 3 dl rr?o^r$wtf» TiorfJ noisauoaib «fdl lo Ino ^gniwmO

r Imfi b^lGTQckyiKi^^ ,x^^* ^my/o1Io| srfi abn^nl Dhsm 7/on luo lo

^-b^ln^O mfi xd iU ^ ^ Ishnw.^ •« -»7#r^-r --- gnrn3Y3

^ft nr
-war, ^ Icrfl b^rmilnao

|» bwoaq^'nr yHtncnaq bsrf ori// ..sY .riloholri moil nislqsa aisia

T|, •
'ip w > ” = ,33n^biv3 x**J5in3mux»b.3dl
3d1 ^f»ixrt*:> Tc^ iTinifioo ^rlj'icw 3dl t3|1/i 2*is*jx 3mc^
irtO^lrnGInwol^ iw^dD t 370 riGT T^dJ Tnil jiuoi TisJa j« t3vo
ol 15 no T^lhw 3rfl o/^^ntiR!) 3i3rft asqol* b^boow 3aodv7
owt 03 b!d>'inwjB ,3ift lo mailqnd Ullini aid .id !

'odl ^liriw wollil lo no« eiioiq fi ?.fiW moflv/ lo sno ,«T 3 dloTd *

Tol mid !)9llA 3'/fid xibifirf. blirow t^HJo 3dl V^iotofiTfido Imom
.>*T(r//, foor!3a TodSdl ni aoivw
i/Iilnn anorlfiofti^KiaiO! anrbTOO^fi luo b^hlfio afiw a>fiT>«^ ^dT

.-:, \0I
a winter blizzard came that mantled the earth with ice aiid
snow and possibly beat the record by its unparalleled bitterness
and bleakness. Outdoor life under these conditions was hardly
a luxury and the two postmen sat by the cosy fires in their