Anda di halaman 1dari 17




Page 5FU
SECTION 2 : Tools, equipment and car parts.

1.1.3.- Categoriza palabras ya sea en

1.1.- Practica estrategias de inglés general o en inglés de la
comprensión de lectura de especialidad, a partir del significado de las
manual de la especialidad en palabras buscadas.
lengua materna, en base a la
utilización de herramientas de
obtención de significados de
palabras, compartiendo la
información con sus pares en el
grupo. Las funciones de: sustantivos (dan nombre a las cosas y llenan
la colocación "el..." o "la...."); verbos (indican las acciones);
adjetivos (describen cómo son las cosas o sustantivos y se
obtienen al preguntar ¿cómo es?... algo en el texto o ¿cómo
son?... algunas cosas en el texto; adverbios (describen cómo
se realiza la acción expresada en el verbo)

Exercise 2-1 What are these? Write the correct number for each item.

Fire…… Boots …………. Gloves………..

Machine……. Guard…………. Goggles……….

Helmet ……… toolboard ……. Match………….

Exercise 2-2 Match the parts:

Tyre….. roof….. window…..

Wheel….. door……

Page 6FU
Exercise 2-3 Complete the sentences with a “type” noun in the box.

device instrument system tool vehicle

1 A forklift is a ________________________

2 A scanner is an _______________________

3 An engine is a _________________________

4 A disk brake is a ________________________

5 A spanner is a __________________________

Exercise 2-4 Complete the table.


Person Equipment

Engineer Engine 1_____________

2_______________ Electrical

Mechanic 3_____________ Mechanics Mechanical

Technician 4 _______________

5 ______________ Technology

Page 7FU
Basic components of the suspension system
Exercise 2-5 Label the system with the words in the box.

Shock Absorber Control Arm

Frame Steering Linkage

Exercise 2-6 Complete the names using the words in the box.




3………… 2………..

Drive Axle Drum Coil Spring Strut Rod Control Arm

Exercise 2-7 Underline the vocabulary related to the suspension system.

(Example of a paragraph about suspension taken from Rear Suspension – CHEVROLET
/ GMC Service Manual).

Description and Operation
General Description

All of the C/K series vehicles use a leaf spring and a solid rear axle suspension system. The rear axle assembly is
attached to the multi – leaf springs by the U – bolts. The front ends of the springs are attached to the frame at the
front hangers through the rubber bushings. The rear ends of the springs are attached to the frame with the shackles
that allow the springs in order to change their length while the vehicle is in motion.

The ride control is provided by to identical direct double-acting shock absorbers angle-mounted between the frame
and the brackets attached to the axle tubes.

Page 8FU
Exercise 2-8 Read this piece of information and check  the corresponding diagram.

Five basic components of the power

transmission are:
i. Clutch – to connect and disconnect power
ii. Gearbox system – to select speed and direction
iii. Differential – to equalize power for turning
iv. Final drive – to reduce speed and increase torque to axle
v. Drive wheels – to propel the machine

“Torque” – The effort of twisting or turning


Fig .2


Fig. 4

Page 9FU
Exercise 2-9 Observe the picture and match the numbers with the corresponding objects and person.

a) Wheel ____

b) Calendar ____

c) Headlight ____

d) Gloves ____

e) Hammer ____

f) Lever ____

g) Mechanic ____

h) Drawers ____

i) License plate ____

j) Door ____

k) Bonnet ____

l) Spanners ____

Page 10
Exercise 2-10 Label the tools with words from the box.

grease gun / paint-sprayer / pliers / screwdriver / spanner / tyre levers / welder / wrench

“A pair of pliers”

Exercise 2-11 Make sentences. Use the correct forms of BE and the correct demonstrative. (If
necessary see page 16)

Example: (a) These are pliers.

This is a pair of pliers
(b) __________________ a set of spanners.
(c) __________________a tool box.
__________________a box of tools.
(d) _________________nails.
_________________a packet of nails.

Page 11
Exercise 2-12 Label the pictures with the words in the box. Which are tools?



Exercise 2-13 Write the words in the correct columns.

adapter antenna bolts cable chisel nuts

plug saw screwdriver screws spanner washer



Exercise 2-14 Put the letters in order to make the correct word to complete each sentence.

1 You can use a s………….…..( anpsnera) to loosen and tighten nuts.

2 You can use a h……………..( aehmrm) to strike pieces of metal.

3 You can use a w……………...( sahwre) to fix a bolt.

4 You can use a b……………....(tobl) to hold pieces of metal together.

5 You can use a j………….……( kcja) to raise or lower the front and rear of a car.

Page 12
Garage equipment
Exercise 2-15 Label the garage equipment with words from the box.

4-post lift airline compressor jack tyre changer wheel balancer

Exercise 2-16 Write the name for the equipment with words from the box

scissor table engine hoist cylinder trolley lift truck

_________________. _________________. _________________. _________________.

Exercise 2-17 Complete the sentences with words from the two exercises above.

1. I’m Mario. I’m a paint –sprayer. In my job, I use a compressor .

2. I’m Pedro. I’m a tyre fitter. In my job, I use a_________________ and an


3. I’m Sam. I change tyres. In my job, I use a _________________.

4. I’m Tomás. I’m a mechanic. In my job, I use a _________________, a

_________________,a_________________ and a _________________.

Page 13
Movements inside a car
Exercise 2-18 Read this piece of information then check  the diagrams corresponding to this

Ratchet and Pawl

In mechanical engineering, a ratchet is a
device that allows linear or rotary motion in
only one direction, while preventing motion
in the opposite direction. Ratchets are used
in many other mechanisms, including clocks,
capstans, turnstiles, spanners, winders,
cable ties, jacks, screwdrivers, and hoists.
The term is also used for a socket wrench.

Fig. 1


Fig. 3

Page 14
Basic parts of the car
Internal parts

Exercise 2-19 Match the parts of the car with words from the box.

Exercise 2-20 Choose the correct alternative

1. The function of the …………………… to make the car quieter.

(a) drive shafts

(b) fuel tank

(c) silencer

(d) chassis

2. The correct technical translation of the word body in Spanish is:

(a) cuerpo

(b) estructura

(c) carrocería

(d) chasis

3. The steering wheel main function is to………….the wheels.

(a) drive

(b) move

(c) stop

(d) steer

Page 15
Dashboard controls
Exercise 2-21 Label the controls with the words in the box.

button display key lever pedal slider switch wheel

Exercise 2-22 This figure shows the exploded view of the Pick up model instrument cluster and gauge
assembly. Study these parts and translate each part.

Page 16
Automobile Systems

Exercise 2-23 Match the parts with the corresponding system.

A. Battery, alternator and distributor 1. Coolant System

B. Intake manifold 2. Brake System

Disc brake, drum brake, master

C. brake cylinder, brake pedal, 3. Engine
accelerator and brake line

D. Shock absorbers and coil springs 4. Exhaust System

E. Radiator and coolant reservoir 5. Electrical System

F. Exhaust manifold, muffler/ silencer

and tail pipe
6. Power Train

G. Steering wheel 7. Fuel System

H. Clutch, transmission and differential 8. Suspension System

I. Fuel tank and fuel line 9. Steering System

Page 17
Exercise 2-24 Match 1 – 8 with a – h.

1 air a transmission
2 automatic b steering
3 brake c locking
4 central d tank
5 steering e pedal
6 electric f bag
7 fuel g wheel
8 power h windows

Exercise 2-25 Correct the mistakes in these sentences.

1 The car has 4 bag airs.

2 The pedal brake is brittle.
3 My car doesn’t have a player CD.
4 The steering wheel has three movements.
5 The motor starter of this Renault is failing.

Exercise 2-26 Match the drawings with the corresponding text. There’s one extra text.

A. The spark plug supplies the spark that ignites the air/fuel
mixture so that combustion can occur. The spark must happen
at just the right moment for things to work properly.

1 B. The sump surrounds the crankshaft. It contains some

amount of oil, which collects in the bottom of the sump (the oil

C. The crankshaft turns the piston's up and down motion into

circular motion just like a crank on a jack-in-the-box does.

2 D. The intake and exhaust valves open at the proper time to let
in air and fuel and to let out exhaust. Note that both valves are
closed during compression and combustion so that the
combustion chamber is sealed.

3 E. The core of the engine is the cylinder, with the piston moving
up and down inside the cylinder. Most cars have more than one
cylinder (four, six and eight cylinders are common). In a multi-
cylinder engine, the cylinders usually are arranged in one of three
ways: V, in line or flat (also known as horizontally opposed or
4 boxer), as shown in the following figures.

F. Piston rings provide a sliding seal between the outer edge of

the piston and the inner edge of the cylinder.

Page 18
Car advertisement typical terms
Advertising plays an important role in promoting
the features of cars.

Learn the following:

Advanced Braking System (ABS)

Air Conditioning



Alloy Wheels

Central Locking

Climate Control

Electric Windows


Power Assisted Steering (PAS)


Page 19
Reading Comprehension.

Exercise 2-27: Encerrar en un círculo los tres módulos que se encuentran en el diagrama y que
controlan la inyección de combustible en este Motor 3524B. (Cortesía Caterpillar)

Sistema de control del motor:

El diagrama muestra todos los componentes del sistema de control electrónico para el motor 3524B
usado en el Camión 797. La inyección del combustible se controla por medio de tres módulos de control
electrónicos del motor de Administración Avanzada del Motor Diésel (ADEM II) de segunda generación:
uno maestro y dos esclavos.

Los ECM esclavos reciben la mayoría de las señales de entrada desde los sensores, switches y
emisores ubicados en cada módulo del motor. Los ECM esclavos también reciben información del ECM
maestro y activan los solenoides de los inyectores para controlar la sincronización y velocidad del motor.

Exercise 2-28 Busque en el diagrama el equivalente en inglés de cada término en español dado a

Sensor de presión de la caja del cigüeñal : ……………………………………..

Sensor de presión de salida del turbocargador: ……………………………………..
Sensor de presión del aceite no filtrado: ……………………………………..
Sensor de posición de la mariposa: ……………………………………..
Interruptor de corte definido por el usuario: ……………………………………..

Exercise 2-29: Responder en español

¿Cuál es la función de un módulo electrónico en la inyección del combustible?

¿Qué módulos pueden activar los solenoides, los maestros o los esclavos? Fundamente
su respuesta, con la información del texto.

Page 20
Part Two Answer Key
Exercise 2-1: Fire 8 / Boots 6 / Gloves 5 / Machine 1 / Guard 2 / Goggles 4 / Helmet 3 / Toolboard 7 /
Match 9
Exercise 2-2: 1 window / 2 roof / 3 door / 4 wheel / 5 tyre
Exercise 2-3 : vehicle / 2 instrument / 3 system / 4 device / 5 tool
Exercise 2-4: engineering / 2 electrician / 3 machine / 4 technical / 5 technologist
Exercise 2-5: control arm / 2 frame / 3 steering linkage / 4 shock absorber
Exercise 2-6: strut rod / 2 drum / 3 control arm / 4 drive axle / 5 coil spring
Exercise 2-7: leaf spring, rear axle, multi-leaf springs, front hangers, double-acting shock absorbers,
axle tubes.

Exercise 2-8: Fig. 1 

Exercise 2-9: a8 / b9 / c10 / d12 / e3/ f2 / g5 / h1 / i11/ j7 / k6/ L4
Exercise 2-10: 1 spanner / 2 pliers / 3 screwdriver / 4 paint sprayer / 5 wrench / 6 tyre levers / 7 grease
gun/ 8 welder
Exercise 2-11: b) this is; these are c) this is; this is d) these are; this is
Exercise 2-12: 2 wire brush / 3 gear lever / 4 jack / 5 wheel gun / 6 box spanner / 7 tyre valve / 8 dipstick
Exercise 2-13: Tools: chisel, saw, screwdriver, spanner. Electrical: antenna, cable, plug. Fixings: bolts,
nuts, screws, washer.
Exercise 2-14: 1 spanner; 2 hammer; 3 washer; 4 bolt, 5 jack
Exercise 2-15: 1 jack, 2 compressor, 3 airline, 4 wheel balancer, 5 tyre changer, 6 4-post lift
Exercise 2-16: lift truck / scissor table / engine hoist / cylinder trolley
Exercise 2-17: Answers may vary : 2 jack, airline; 3 tyre changer. 4 spanner, jack, 4-post lift, engine hoist.

Exercise 2-18:. Fig. 1 

Exercise 2-19: 1 fuel tank / 2 exhaust / 3 silencer / 4 chassis / 5 engine / 6 disk brakes / 7 drive shafts
(transmission), 8 battery / 9 steering wheel / 11 suspension / 12 drum brakes.
Exercise 2-20: 1c; 2c; 3 d
Exercise 2-21: 1 slider / 2 wheel / 3 switch / 4 display / 5 button / 6 lever / 7 key / 8 pedal.
Exercise 2-22: 1. Perilla de medición de recorrido. 2 Tornillo. 3 Mica delantera. 4 Montura de la ventana.
5 Placa de advertencia. 6. Medidor de combustible. 7 Velocímetro. 8 Medidor de
temperatura de agua. 9. Tablero con circuito impreso.
Exercise 2-23: A 5, B 3, C 2, D 8, E 1, F 4, G 9, H 6, I 7.
Exercise 2-24: 1 – f / 2 – a / 3 – e / 4 – c / 5 – g / 6 – h / 7 – d / 8 – b.
Exercise 2-25: 1 air bags . 2 hard, strong 3 Cd player. 4 two. 5 starter motor.
Exercise 2-26: 1 F, 2 C, 3 D, 4 B, 5 A.

Exercise 2-27:
Exercise 2-28: crankcase pressure sensor/ turbocharger outle pressure sensor / unfiltered oil pressure sensor
Exercise 2-29: la función de un módulo electronico en la inyección de combustible es controlar la inyección de
Los módulos que activan los solenoides son los módulos esclavos y se controla de esta forma la
sincronización y velocidad del motor.

End of Section 2
Page 21