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ِ‫ـﺤ ـﻮ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺪ‬ُ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ِ

‫اﻋ‬ ‫ـﻮ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻗ‬


َ
ْ َ
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‫َوأ َْﻣـ ــﺜِ ـ ـﻠَـ ـﺔُ ُﺟـ َـﻤــﻠ َـﻬـﺎ‬
‫َﻣ ـ َـﻊ إِ ْﻋـ ـ َـﺮاﺑِ ـ َـﻬ ــﺎ‬
QOIDAH-QOIDAH ILMU NAHWU
DAN CONTOH-CONTOH KALIMATNYA
BESERTA I’IROBNYA

PENYUSUN
ABU AHMAD FAUZAN AL-MAIDANI
DAFTAR ISI
Daftar Isi ..................................................................................................................................... 1
Kata Pengantar ............................................................................................................................ 5
Pembahasan Isim-Isim Yang Marfu’ ........................................................................................ 6
1. Fa’il (Subjek) ............................................................................................................................ 6
- Fa’il (Subjek) Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir ......................................................................................... 6
- Fa’il (Subjek) Dari Isim-Isim Dhomir ........................................................................................ 7
- Fa’il (Subjek) Dari Isim-Isim Isyaroh ....................................................................................... 8
- Fa’il (Subjek) Dari Isim-Isim Maushul ...................................................................................... 9
2. Naibul Fa’il ............................................................................................................................... 10
- Naibul Fa’il Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir ............................................................................................ 10
- Naibul Fa’il Dari Isim-Isim Dhomir ........................................................................................... 11
- Naibul Fa’il Dari Isim-Isim Isyaroh ........................................................................................... 12
- Naibul Fa’il Dari Isim-Isim Maushul ......................................................................................... 13
3. Mubtada’ Dan Khobar .............................................................................................................. 14
- Mubtada’ Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir Dan Khobarnya ...................................................................... 14
- Mubtada’ Dari Isim-Isim Isyaroh Dan Khobarnya ..................................................................... 15
- Mubtada’ Dari Isim-Isim Dhomir Dan Khobarnya .................................................................... 16
- Mubtada’ Dari Isim Nakiroh Dan Khobarnya ............................................................................ 17
- Khobar Mubtada’dari Syibhul Jumlah........................................................................................ 18
- Khobar Mubtada’dari Jumlah Ismiyyah ..................................................................................... 18
- Khobar Mubtada’dari Jumlah Fi’liyyah ..................................................................................... 19
4. Isim Kaana Dan Saudari Saudarinya ........................................................................................ 22
- Isim Kaana Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir ............................................................................................. 23
- I’irob Saudari- Saudari Kaana .................................................................................................... 23
5. Khobar Inna Dan Saudari Saudarinya ....................................................................................... 26
- Khobar Inna Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir ............................................................................................ 26
- Khobar Inna Dari Isim-Isim Dhomir ......................................................................................... 27
- Khobar Inna Dari Syibhul Jumlah .............................................................................................. 28
- Khobar Inna Dari Jumlah............................................................................................................ 29
- I’irob Saudari- Saudari Inna ....................................................................................................... 30
Pengikut- Pengikut Isim Yang Marfu’...................................................................................... 33
1. Na’at (Sifat)............................................................................................................................... 33
- Na’at Haqiqiy (Na’at Mufrod) .................................................................................................... 33
- Na’at Syibhul Jumlah ................................................................................................................ 34
- Na’at Jumlah .............................................................................................................................. 34
- Na’at Sababiy.............................................................................................................................. 35
2. Athof ......................................................................................................................................... 36
- Ma’na Huruf-Huruf Athof .......................................................................................................... 36

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3. Taukid ....................................................................................................................................... 38
- Taukid Lafziy.............................................................................................................................. 38
- Taukid Ma’nawiy........................................................................................................................ 39
4. Badal ........................................................................................................................................ 40
- Badal Muthobik (Badal Kulli Minal Kulli) ................................................................................ 40
- Badal Ba’du Minal Kulli ........................................................................................................... 41
- Badal Isytimal ............................................................................................................................. 42
- Badal Mubayin (Badal Gholat) ................................................................................................... 42
Pembahasan Isim-Isim Yang Manshub .................................................................................... 43
1. Maf’ul Bih (Objek) ................................................................................................................... 43
- Maf’ul Bih (Objek) Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir ................................................................................ 43
- Maf’ul Bih (Objek) Dari Isim-Isim Dhomir Muttashil .............................................................. 44
- Maf’ul Bih (Objek) Dari Isim-Isim Dhomir Munfashil ............................................................ 45
- Maf’ul Bih (Objek) Dari Isim-Isim Isyaroh ............................................................................... 47
- Maf’ul Bih (Objek) Dari Isim-Isim Maushul ........................................................................... 47
2. Maf’ul Mutlaq (Masdar) ........................................................................................................... 48
- Maf’ul Mutlaq Untuk Menguatkan Ma’na Fi’il ......................................................................... 48
- Maf’ul Mutlaq Untuk Menjelaskan Jenis Fi’il ........................................................................... 49
- Maf’ul Mutlaq Untuk Menjelaskan Bilangan Fi’il ..................................................................... 49
- Pengganti Maf’ul Mutlaq ............................................................................................................ 50
3. Maf’ul Fih (Kata Keterangan Waktu dan Tempat) ................................................................... 50
- Maf’ul Fih dari Zhorof Zaman (Kata Keterangan Waktu) ...................................................... 50
- Maf’ul Fih dari Zhorof Makan (Kata Keterangan Tempat) .................................................... 51
- Zhorof Yang Mabniy ................................................................................................................. 51
- Pengganti Zhorof ........................................................................................................................ 53
4. Hal (Penjelas Keadaan) ............................................................................................................. 54
- Hal Dari Isim-Isim Zhohir .......................................................................................................... 54
- Hal Dari Syibhul Jumlah ............................................................................................................ 55
- Hal Dari Jumlah Ismiyyah .......................................................................................................... 56
- Hal Dari Jumlah Fi’liyyah .......................................................................................................... 57
5. Tamyiz ...................................................................................................................................... 58
- Tamyiz Zat (Tamyiz Mufrod) ..................................................................................................... 58
- Tamyiz Nisbah (Tamyiz Jumlah) ............................................................................................... 58
- Tamyiz Nisbah (Tamyiz Jumlah) Perpindahan Dari Mubtada’ ................................................. 59
- Tamyiz Nisbah (Tamyiz Jumlah) Perpindahan Dari Fa’il ......................................................... 59
- Tamyiz Nisbah (Tamyiz Jumlah) Perpindahan Dari Maf’ul Bih ............................................... 59
6. Mustasna ................................................................................................................................... 59
- Mustasna Yang Wajib Dinashobkan .......................................................................................... 60
- Mustasna Yang Boleh Dinashobkan Dan Boleh Di’irob Sebagai Badal ................................... 60

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- Mustasna Yang Di’irob Sesuai Kedudukannya pada kalimat .................................................... 62

- Mustasna engan setelah (‫ ) َﻏْﻴـﺮ‬dan (‫) ِﺳ َﻮى‬...................................................................................... 63


- Mustasna dengan (َ‫ﺧﻼ‬
َ ), (‫ ) َﻋ َﺪا‬dan (‫ﺎﺷﺎ‬
َ ‫ ) َﺣ‬..................................................................................... 64
8. (َ‫ )ﻻ‬Annafiah Lil Jinsi ................................................................................................................ 65
- Isim (َ‫ )ﻻ‬Dinashobkan ................................................................................................................. 65
- Isim (َ‫ )ﻻ‬Dimabnikan Pada Bentuk Nashobnya .......................................................................... 66
7. Munaada’ .................................................................................................................................. 68
- Munaada’ Yang Dinashobkan ................................................................................................... 68
- Munaada’ Yang Dimabnikan Pada Bentuk Rofa’nya ................................................................ 68

- Munaada’ yang terdapat alif lam (‫ )اَ ْل‬......................................................................................... 69


8. Maf’ul Liajlih (Maf’ul Min Ajlih) ............................................................................................ 70
9. Maf’ul Ma’ah ............................................................................................................................ 71
10. Khobar Kaana Dan Saudari Saudarinya.................................................................................. 72
- Khobar Kaana Dari Syibhul Jumlah ......................................................................................... 73
- Khobar Kaana Dari Jumlah (Kalimat) ...................................................................................... 73
11. Isim Inna ................................................................................................................................. 74
- Isim Dari Saudari-saudari Inna .................................................................................................. 75
Pengikut-Pengikut Isim Yang Manshub ................................................................................... 77
1. Na’at (Sifat)............................................................................................................................... 77
2. Athof ......................................................................................................................................... 78
3. Taukid ....................................................................................................................................... 79
4. Badal ......................................................................................................................................... 81
Pembahasan Isim-Isim Yang Majrur ....................................................................................... 83
1. Yang Dimajrurkan Dengan Huruf Jar ...................................................................................... 83
2. Yang Dimajrurkan Dengan Idhofah .......................................................................................... 88
- Idhofah Lamiyyah ....................................................................................................................... 88
- Idhofah Bayaniyyah .................................................................................................................... 88
- Idhofah Zhorfiyyah ..................................................................................................................... 88
- Idhofah Isim-Isim Dhomir Untuk Kepemilikan ......................................................................... 89
Pengikut Pengikut Isim Yang Majrur ...................................................................................... 91
1. Na’at (Sifat)............................................................................................................................... 91
2. Athof ......................................................................................................................................... 92
3. Taukid ....................................................................................................................................... 93
4. Badal ......................................................................................................................................... 95
Uslub-Uslub Nahwu ................................................................................................................... 97
1. Uslub Qosam (Untuk Bersumpah) ............................................................................................ 97
2. Uslub Taajjub (Bentuk Kkaguman) .......................................................................................... 98
3. Uslub Madh (Untuk Memuji) ................................................................................................... 99
4. Uslub Dzam (Untuk Menghina) ................................................................................................ 99

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5. Uslub Ighro’ (Anjuran) ............................................................................................................. 100
6. Uslub Tahzir (Peringatan) ......................................................................................................... 100
7. Uslub Ikhtishos (Pengkhususan) ............................................................................................... 101
8. Uslub Istighosah (Memohon Pertolongan) ............................................................................... 102
9. Uslub Nudbah (Ratapan)........................................................................................................... 103
I’irob Fi’il – Fi’il ......................................................................................................................... 104
1. I’irob Fi’il Madhi ...................................................................................................................... 104
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Fi’il Madhi .......................................................................................... 104
2. I’irob Fi’il Amar........................................................................................................................ 106
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Fi’il Amar............................................................................................ 106
3. I’irob Fi’il Mudhori’ ................................................................................................................. 107
- I’irob Fi’il Mudhori’yang Marfu’ ............................................................................................... 107
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Fi’il Mudhori’yang Marfu’ ................................................................. 107
- I’irob Fi’il Mudhori’ Yang Manshub ......................................................................................... 109
- Penashob- Penashob Fi’il Mudhori’ .......................................................................................... 110
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Fi’il Mudhori’yang Manshub.............................................................. 110
- I’irob Fi’il Mudhori’ Yang Majzum ........................................................................................... 113
- Penjazm-Penjazm Satu Fi’il Mudhori’ ....................................................................................... 114
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Fi’il Mudhori’ Yang Dijazmkan ......................................................... 114
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Dua Fi’il Mudhori’ Yang Dijazmkan dengan 2 Huruf Syarat ........... 116
- Contoh-Contoh Kalimat Dua Fi’il Mudhori’ Yang Dijazmkan dengan Isim-Isim Syarat ........ 116
DAFTAR PUSTAKA .................................................................................................................. 120

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KATA PENGANTAR

‫ﺎت أ َْﻋ َـﻤﺎﻟِﻨَﺎ َﻣ ْﻦ‬ِ ‫إِ ﱠن اﻟْـﺤﻤ َﺪ ِﱠِ ﻧَـﺤﻤ ُﺪﻩ وﻧَﺴﺘَﻌِﻴـﻨُﻪ وﻧَﺴﺘَـ ْﻐ ِﻔﻴـﺮﻩ وﻧَـﺘُـﻮب إِﻟَﻴ ِﻪ وﻧَـﻌﻮذُ ِ ِ ِﻣﻦ ُﺷﺮوِر أَﻧْـ ُﻔ ِﺴﻨَﺎ وِﻣﻦ ﺳﻴِ ـﺌ‬
َ َّ ْ َ ُْ ْ ْ ُ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ُُ ْ ْ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َْ
.ُ‫أَ ْﺷ َﻬ ُﺪ أَ ْن ﻻَ إِﻟَﻪَ إِﻻﱠ ﷲُ َو أَ ْﺷ َﻬ ُﺪ أَ ﱠن ُﳏَ ﱠﻤ ًﺪا َﻋْﺒ ُﺪﻩُ َوَر ُﺳ ْﻮﻟُﻪ‬,ُ‫ي ﻟَﻪ‬ ِ ِ ْ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪ وﻣﻦ ﻳ‬
ِ ‫ﻳـﻬ ِﺪ ﷲ ﻓَﻼَ ﻣ‬
َ ‫ﻀﻠـ ْﻠﻪُ ﻓَﻼَ َﻫﺎد‬ ُ ْ ََ ُ ُ ُ َْ
Alhamdulillah tak henti-hentinya saya panjatkan puji dan syukur ke hadirat Alloh Subhaanahu
wa Ta’aala karena berkat rahmat dan hidayahNya saya memperoleh kesempatan untuk menyusun kitab

yang berada di tangan pembaca ini yang saya beri judul “ ‫إِ ْﻋﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻋ ُﺪ اﻟﻨ‬ِ ‫” ﻗَـﻮ‬yaitu
َ ‫ﱠﺤﻮ َوأ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ﺟـَُﻤﻠ َﻬﺎ َﻣ َﻊ‬
ْ َ kitab

yang berisi “Qoidah-Qoidah Ilmu Nahwu dan Contoh-Contoh Kalimatnya Beserta I’irobnya”.
Sholawat beriring salam semoga senantiasa di limpahkan kepada junjungan kita Rasulullah
Muhammad Shollallohu ‘alaihi wasallam, keluarganya, Para Sahabatnya dan orang-orang yang
mengikuti mereka dengan baik sampai hari kiamat kelak.
Kitab yang saya susun ini adalah sebagai lanjutan dari kitab yang telah saya susun sebelumnya
yaitu kitab “AL-AHSAN” yang membahas “Qoidah Ilmu Nahwu Dan Penjabaran I’irobnya Serta
Qoidah Ilmu Shorof Mulai Dari Tingkat Dasar Sampai Tingkat Mahir Beserta Beberapa Kosa Kata
Tematik “ dan bagi siapa yang telah mempelajari kitab tersebut dan memahaminya dengan baik maka
bisa memperdalam materi ilmu yang berkaitan dengan “i’irob nahwu” dengan mempelajari kitab
lanjutan yang saya susun ini. Kitab yang saya susun adalah untuk mempermudah para penuntut ilmu
untuk menguasai materi yang berkaitan dengan i’irob nahwu dan bagi yang ingin memperdalam
pembahasannya bisa langsung mempelajari kitab-kitab induknya yang tentu saja pembahasannya lebih
luas dan lebih lengkap lagi.
Akhirnya hanya kepada Alloh Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala sajalah saya memohon hidayah dan
ampunan serta limpahan Rahmat dan KaruniaNya. Saya juga berharap semoga kitab ini bisa
bermanfaat bagi para penuntut ilmu yang ingin menapaki jejak yang lebih tinggi dalam memperdalam
litelatur bahasa Arab dan mempermudah mereka agar lebih semangat dalam menuntut ilmu agama. Dan
bagi para pembaca saya berharap tegur dan sapanya jika mendapatkan salah dan khilaf dalam
penyusunan kitab ini karena setiap manusia pasti tidak akan luput dari kesalahan.
Wabillahi Taufiq wal Hidayah
ِ
ُ‫َواﻟ ﱠﺴﻼَ ُم َﻋﻠَْﻴ ُﻜ ْﻢ َوَر ْﺣـ َﻤﺔُ ﷲ َوﺑـََﺮَﻛﺎﺗُﻪ‬

Medan, November 2017


PENYUSUN
Abu Ahmad Fauzan Al-Maidani

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‫َﺳ َـﻤ ِﺎء‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْـﻮ َﻋـﺎت ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷ ْ‬
‫َ ُ‬

‫ـﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪ {۱‬اَﻟْ ـ ـ َﻔــﺎﻋـ ـ ُ‬

‫ﻒ ﺑِِﻪ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬


‫ع ﻳَـ َﻘ ُﻊ ﺑَـ ْﻌ َﺪ ﻓ ْﻌ ٍﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ٍّـﻲ ﻟْﻠ َﻤ ْﻌﻠُ ْﻮم َوﻳَ ُﺪ ﱡل َﻋﻠَﻰ َﻣ ْﻦ ﻓَـ َﻌ َﻞ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ أَ ِواﺗ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼ َ‬ ‫اﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اَﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ ْ‬
‫‪1.Fa’il (Subjek) adalah : Isim marfu’ yang terletak setelah Fi’il Mabni Lil Ma’lum dan menunjukkan‬‬
‫‪atas siapa yang melakukan perbuatan tersebut atau yang disifatkan dengannya.‬‬
‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْ َﻔﺎ ِﻋ ِﻞ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﺳـﻤ ِﺎء اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫ َﺮةِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫َ َْ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﺗَـﺜْﻨِﻴﺔً أَو ﺟـﻤﻌﺎ ﻇَ ﱠﻞ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌﻞ داﺋِﻤﺎ ﻣ ْﻔﺮدا وﻳﻄَﺎﺑِﻖ ﻓِـﻰ اﻟْﺘﱠﺬْﻛِﻴـ ِﺮ واﻟـﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ‪.‬‬ ‫ْ َ ْ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ً ُ ًَ َُ ُ‬ ‫إِ َذا َﻛﺎ َن اﻟْ َﻔ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ً‬
‫‪Apabila Failnya berbentuk Musanna(Dual) atau Jamak(Plural) maka Fi’il (kata kerja) selalu berbentuk‬‬
‫‪Mufrod(tunggal) dan disesuaikan pada muzakkar dan Muannastnya.‬‬
‫س ‪Seorang guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َﺣ َ َ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬

‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬


‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Para guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺳﺔُ ‪Seorang guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َ‬‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺣ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ت اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ُ ّ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺘَﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺣ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫س ‪Seorang guru laki-laki sedang hadir‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬ ‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬ ‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang guru laki-laki sedang hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ُ ُ ُ ّ َ‬ ‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬ ‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬

‫‪-6-‬‬
‫ﻀُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Para guru laki-laki sedang hadir‬‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺳﺔُ ‪Seorang guru perempuan sedang hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَـ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang guru perempuan sedang hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ُ ُ ُ ّ َ‬ ‫ﺗَـ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَـ ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ّ ََ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para guru perempuan sedang hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَـ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَـ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺎت ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ ُ‬
‫ﱠﻤﺎﺋِ ِﺮ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻀ َ‬
‫ﺎﺿﻲ ﻟِﻠ َْﻤ ْﻌﻠُ ْﻮِم‬ ‫إِ ْﻋﺮاب اﻟ ِْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟْﻤ ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَـﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺣﻀﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْﲔ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬وأَﻟ ُ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ‪ ,‬و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ّ َ َُ ََ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮْوا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِـٌﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟـﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ‪َ ،‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺣﻀﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ٌَْ‬ ‫َ ََ ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺚ‪ ،‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮَ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴ َ ُ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ْﺮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ‪َ ،‬وﻧـُ ْﻮ ُن اﻟﻨّ ْﺴ َﻮة )ﻧـُ ْﻮ ُن ْاﻹ َ ث( َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ُ َ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮ َ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬و ﺗُـﻤﺎ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮﺗـُ َﻤﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬وﺗُـﻢ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ْ َْ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮﺗُ ْـﻢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ُ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ْﺮﺗـُ َﻤﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن‪َ ,‬و ﺗُ َـﻤﺎ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬و ﺗـُ ﱠﻦ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮﺗـُ ﱠﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ّ َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ُ َ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ,‬و َ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ْ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮَ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻀﺎر ِِع ﻟِﻠ َْﻤ ْﻌﻠُ ْﻮِم‬ ‫اب اﻟ ِْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟ ُْﻤ َ‬ ‫إِ ْﻋ َﺮ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ِﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌ ِﺎل اﻟْـ َﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ت اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ﺛـُﺒُـ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫و أَﻟِ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـﺤﻀﺮو َن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ ُُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ َُ ََ َ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗَـﺤﻀﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﲔ َ‬ ‫َو أَﻟ ُ‬
‫‪-7-‬‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮ َن‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻳَ ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫اﻹ َ ِ‬‫و ﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﺖ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ أَﻧْ َ‬ ‫َو اﻟْ َﻔ ُ َ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ِان‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫وأَﻟِ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـﻌ ِﺎل اﻟْـﺨﻤﺴﺔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ت اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮن ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َْ َ‬ ‫ُ َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ﺛـُﺒُـ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮْو َن‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َُ ََ َ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـﻌ ِﺎل اﻟْـﺨﻤﺴﺔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ت اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮن ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ِﺮﻳـْ َﻦ‬
‫َْ َ‬ ‫ُ َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ﺛـُﺒُـ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫و ء اﻟْﻤﺨﺎﻃَﺒ ِﺔ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ َُ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـﻌ ِﺎل اﻟْـﺨﻤﺴﺔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ت اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮن ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ِان‬
‫َْ َ‬ ‫ُ َ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ﺛـُﺒُـ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫و أَﻟِ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮنِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮ َن‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺗَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫اﻹ َ ِ‬ ‫وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮِﻩ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ‬
‫أَ ْﺣ ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ أَ َ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮ‬
‫ـﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ُﻦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ﻧَ ْ‬ ‫َو اﻟْ َﻔ ُ َ‬

‫اب ﻓِ ْﻌ ِﻞ ْاﻷ َْﻣ ِﺮ‬


‫إِ ْﻋ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ُﻞ أ َْﻣ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔ ُ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ أَﻧْ َ‬ ‫اُ ْﺣ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ف اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن‪ ,‬و أَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫اُﺣﻀﺮا ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ أَﻣ ٍﺮ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺣ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ُ‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ َْ ﱞ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن‪ ,‬و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬ ‫اُﺣﻀﺮوا ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ أَﻣ ٍﺮ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺣ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ْ َ َُ ََ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ َْ ﱞ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُُْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ِﺮ ْي ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ُﻞ أ َْﻣ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ َﺣ ْﺬف اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮن ‪َ ،‬و َ ءُ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺨﺎﻃَﺒَﺔ َ‬ ‫اُ ْﺣ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ف اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن‪ ,‬و أَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫اُﺣﻀﺮا ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ أَﻣ ٍﺮ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺣ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ُ‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ َْ ﱞ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫اﻹ َ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀﺮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌﻞ أ َْﻣ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ‪ ،‬وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮة )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َْ ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫اُ ْﺣ ُ ْ‬

‫اﻹ َﺷ َﺎرةِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬


‫َﺳ َـﻤ ِﺎء ِْ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺟـ َﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣ ْﻦ أ ْ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُ‬
‫ﺐ ‪Siswa laki-laki ini telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ َﻫ َﺬا اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻫ َﺬا ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺐ ‪ :‬ﺑ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻠْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ُ َ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua siswa laki-laki ini telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ ﻫ َﺬ ِان اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ َ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺬان ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎن ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ب ‪Para Siswa laki-laki ini telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ َﻫ ُﺆﻻَء اﻟﻄﱡﻼَ ُ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻫﺆَﻻ ِء ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ب ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼَ ُ‬
‫‪-8-‬‬
‫ت َﻫ ِﺬﻩِ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَﺔُ ‪Siswi perempuan ini telah hadir‬‬
‫ﻀَﺮ ْ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ت‬
‫ﻀَﺮ ْ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ﻫ ِﺬﻩِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺔُ‬
‫َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ت ﻫﺎ َ ِن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒـﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua Siswi perempuan ini telah hadir‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ْ َ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ْ‬‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ َ ِن ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَﺎن ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para Siswi perempuan ini telah hadir‬‬ ‫ت َﻫ ُﺆﻻَء اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ْ‬‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ْ‬‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻫﺆَﻻ ِء ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬

‫ﺻ ْﻮﻟ َِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬


‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَ ْﺳ َـﻤﺎء اﻟ َْﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺢ ‪Telah datang seorang laki-laki yang dia telah sukses‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﱠﺬي ﻧَ َ‬
‫ـﺠ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻟﱠﺬي ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِﱰٌ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﱠ ِﺬي{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻧَـﺠﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫واﻟْـﺠـﻤﻠَﺔُ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔُ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ِْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺤﺎ ‪Telah datang dua orang laki-laki yang mereka berdua telah sukses‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻠﱠ َﺬان ﻧَ َ‬
‫ـﺠ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﱠ َﺬان ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﻠﱠ َﺬ ِان{‬‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫ﻧـَ َﺠ َﺤﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬ ‫واﻟْـﺠـﻤﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔُ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻮا ‪Telah datang para laki-laki yang mereka telah sukses‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﱠﺬﻳْ َﻦ ﻧَ َ‬
‫ـﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫اﻟﱠ ِﺬﻳﻦ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣﻮﺻﻮٌل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ُ ْ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﱠ ِﺬﻳْ َﻦ {‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ‪ ,‬وواو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬
‫ّ ََ ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺠ ُﺤ ْﻮا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧَ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬ ‫واﻟْـﺠـﻤﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔُ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ‪Telah datang seorang perempuan yang dia telah sukses‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَت اﻟﱠﺘـﻲ ﻧَ َ‬
‫ـﺠ َﺤ ْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫َﺟﺎءَت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻟﱠﺘـﻲ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِﱰٌ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﱠﺘِـﻲ{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻧَـﺠﺤﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ‪َ ،‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫َ َ ْ ٌْ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫واﻟْـﺠـﻤﻠَﺔُ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔُ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ِْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺘَﺎ ‪Telah datang dua orang perempuan yang mereka berdua telah sukses‬‬ ‫ـﺠ َ‬‫َﺟﺎءَت اﻟﻠﱠﺘَﺎن ﻧَ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫َﺟﺎءَت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬‫َُُ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﱠﺘَﺎن ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺚ‪ ،‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻧَـﺠﺤﺘﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴ َ ُ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫اب ِﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْﻤﻮﺻﻮلِ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َْ ُْ‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَ َـﻬﺎ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﻠﱠﺘَﺎن{‪َ ,‬واﻟْـ ُﺠـ ْﻤﻠَﺔُ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔُ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َواﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪-9-‬‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻦ ‪Telah datang para perempuan yang mereka telah sukses‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَت اﻟ ﱠﻼﺗـﻲ ﻧَ َ‬
‫ـﺠ ْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺟﺎء ِ‬
‫ت‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻼﺗـﻲ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟ ﱠﻼﺗـِﻲ{‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ،‬وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َْ ْ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ ْﺤ َﻦ‬
‫ﻧَ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬ ‫واﻟْـﺠـﻤﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔُ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬

‫‪{۲‬ﻧَـﺎﺋِـﺐ اﻟْ ـ َﻔـ ِ‬


‫ـﺎﻋـ ـ ِـﻞ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﺑَـ ْﻌ َﺪ َﺣ ْﺬﻓِ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ اﺳﻢ ﻣﺮﻓـُﻮع ﻳـ َﻘﻊ ﺑـﻌ َﺪ ﻓِﻌ ٍﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِ ٍـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل وﻳـﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ْ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ ُ َ ْ ْ َْ ّ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ ﺋِﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪2. Naibul Fa’il adalah : Isim marfu’ yang terletak setelah Fi’il Mabni Lil Majhul dan menempati posisi‬‬
‫‪Fa’il setelah membuang fa’ilnya.‬‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﺳـﻤ ِﺎء اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫ َﺮةِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َْ‬
‫ﺴﻠِ ُﻢ ‪Seorang muslim telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺼَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻢ ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫ُ‬ ‫ُُْ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang muslim telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ﺼﺮ اﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُ َ ُ ْ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺼَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤ ِ‬
‫َُْ‬
‫ﺴﻠِ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن ‪Beberapa orang muslim telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺼَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌَ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﻮ َن‪ َ :‬ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ ْ ُْ‬
‫ﺴﻠِ َﻤﺔُ ‪Seorang muslimah telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬ ْي ُﺣِّﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻘْﺘ ِﺢ واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﲔ‬‫ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺔُ ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫ُ‬ ‫َُْ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang muslimah telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ت اﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼَﺮ ُ ْ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬ ْي ُﺣِّﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻘْﺘ ِﺢ واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺘَ ِ‬
‫َُْ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para muslimah telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤ ُ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬ ْي ُﺣِّﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻘْﺘ ِﺢ واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﲔ‬‫ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺎت ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َُْ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻠِ ُﻢ ‪Seorang muslim sedang ditolong‬‬
‫ﺼُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِر ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ ُ َ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮِﻩ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ ُﻢ ‪ َ :‬ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang muslim sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺮ اﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤ ِ‬
‫ُ َُ ُ ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬
‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤ ِ‬
‫َُْ‬
‫‪- 10 -‬‬
‫ﺴﻠِ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن ‪Dua orang muslim sedang ditolong‬‬
‫ﺼُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﻮ َن ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ ْ ُْ‬
‫ﺴﻠِ َﻤﺔُ ‪Seorang muslimah sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِر ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ ُ َ ٌ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠﻤﺔُ ‪ َ :‬ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َُْ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang muslimah sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺮ اﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺘَ ِ‬
‫َُ ُ ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺘَ ِ‬
‫َُْ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para muslimah sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤ ُ‬‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِﻠْ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ‬
‫ﺗـُْﻨ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺎت ‪ َ :‬ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َُْ ُ‬
‫ﱠﻤﺎﺋِ ِﺮ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻀ َ‬
‫ﺎﺿﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﺒﻨِ ِّـﻲ ﻟِﻠ َْﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮ ِل‬ ‫إِ ْﻋﺮاب اَﻟ ِْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟْﻤ ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َو َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺼَﺮا ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫وأَﻟِ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﱠﻢ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮْوا ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ّ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َُ ََ َ َ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ﺼﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧُ َ ْ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِ ٌﱰ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َو َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼَﺮَ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫وأَﻟِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ ْﺮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮنِ‬ ‫ﺼﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧُ ْ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮنِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ ْﺮﺗُ َـﻤﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و ﺗُـﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺼ ْﺮﺗُ ْـﻢ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و ﺗُـﻢ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮنِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ ْﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و اﻟﺘﱠﺎء ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺼ ْﺮﺗُ َـﻤﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و ﺗُـﻤﺎ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َ َ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮنِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ ْﺮﺗـُ ﱠﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و ﺗُـ ﱠﻦ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮنِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫ّ َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ ُ َ‬
‫‪- 11 -‬‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺼ ْﺮَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫وَ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعُ اﻟْﻤﺒﻨِ ﱡـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮلِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ُﻞ اﻟْ ُﻤ َ‬
‫َْ َ ْ ُ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َو َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ ََ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْﲔ َ‬ ‫َوأَﻟ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺮو َن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ َﻤ َ‬ ‫َو َو ُاو اﻟْ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺗـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗـَ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َو َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﲔ َ‬ ‫َوأَﻟ ُ‬
‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ ُ َ ٌ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ أَﻧْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬ ‫َو َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞٍ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ﺿ ِﻤﻴـﺮ ﻣﺘ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ َ ْ ٌ ُ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َوأَﻟ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺮو َن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ َﻤ َ‬ ‫َو َو ُاو اﻟْ َ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼ ِﺮﻳـﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫و ء اﻟْﻤﺨﺎﻃَﺒ ِﺔ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َُ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗـُْﻨﺼﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْﲔ َ‬ ‫َوأَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫أُﻧْ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ أَ َ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َو َ ﺋ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻧـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ُﻦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ِ‬ ‫و َ ﺋِﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ﻧَ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫َﺳ َـﻤ ِﺎء ِْ‬
‫اﻹ َﺷ َﺎرةِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ َ ﺋِ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣ ْﻦ أ ْ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ﺐ ‪Siswa laki-laki ini telah dinasehati‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼ َﺢ َﻫ َﺬا اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫ﺼ َﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﻫ َﺬا ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻨَﺎﺋﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua siswa laki-laki ini telah dinasehati‬‬ ‫ﺼﺢ ﻫ َﺬ ِان اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ﻧُ َ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫ﺼ َﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫ َﺬ ِان ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎن ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻨَﺎﺋ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫‪- 12 -‬‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼ َﺢ َﻫ ُﺆﻻَء اﻟﻄﱡﻼَ ُ‬
‫ب ‪Para Siswa laki-laki ini telah dinasehati‬‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬
‫ﺼ َﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َﻫ ُﺆَﻻ ِء‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼَب ‪ :‬ﺑ َﺪ ٌل ﻟِﻨَﺎﺋِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َ‬
‫ﺖ َﻫ ِﺬﻩِ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَﺔُ ‪Siswi perempuan ini telah dinasehati‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺼ َﺤ ْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ َﺤ ْ‬
‫ﻫ ِﺬﻩِ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺔُ ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻨَﺎﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua Siswi perempuan ini telah dinasehati‬‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺖ ﻫﺎ َ ِن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒـﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ﻧُ َ ْ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ َﺤ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ َ ِن ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜـَﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَﺎن ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ﻟﻨَﺎﺋﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para Siswi perempuan ini telah dinasehati‬‬ ‫ﺖ َﻫ ُﺆﻻَء اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ َﺤ ْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼ َﺤ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫َﻫ ُﺆَﻻ ِء‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒﺎت ‪ :‬ﺑ َﺪ ٌل ﻟِﻨَﺎﺋِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮﻟ َِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ َ ﺋِ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَ ْﺳ َـﻤﺎء اﻟ َْﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻞ ‪Sedang dinasehati yang dia seorang laki-laki sedang bermalas-malasan‬‬ ‫ﺼ ُﺢ اﻟﱠﺬي ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ُ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِر ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ ُ َ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻟﱠﺬي ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﱠ ِﺬي{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ُﻞ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤﻞﱠ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ و اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻼَ ِن ‪Sedang dinasehati yang mereka dua orang laki-laki sedang bermalas-malasan‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺢ اﻟﻠﱠ َﺬان ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِﻠْ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬‫ﺼ ُﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﱠ َﺬ ِان ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣﻮﺻﻮٌل َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬ ‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َْ ُْ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـﻌ ِﺎل اﻟْـﺨﻤﺴﺔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َْ َ‬ ‫ُ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ت اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮن ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ﺛـُﺒُـ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬
‫ع َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎﺳﻼَ ِن ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ} اﻟﻠﱠ َﺬ ِان{‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫وأَﻟِ ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ و اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺢ اﻟﱠﺬﻳْ َﻦ ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻠُ ْﻮ َن ‪Sedang dinasehati yang mereka para laki-laki sedang bermalas-malasan‬‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ُﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ﺻ ْﻮٌل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳْ َﻦ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـﺘ َﻜﺎﺳﻠُﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََ َ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﱠﺬﻳْ َﻦ {‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ َﻤ َ‬‫َو َو ُاو اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ و اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻞ ‪Sedang dinasehati yang dia seorang perempuan sedang bermalas-malasan‬‬ ‫ﺼ ُﺢ اﻟﱠﺘـﻲ ﺗَـﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ُ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨﺼﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِر ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ٌْ ُ َ ٌ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫اﻟﱠﺘِـﻲ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣﻮﺻﻮٌل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞٍ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ُ ْ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬‫ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَ ٌﱰ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ﻫ َﻲ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﺘـﻲ{‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧﺮﻩ َواﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ع َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ُﻞ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺗَـﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ و اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫‪- 13 -‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ َﻼ ِن ‪Sedang dinasehati yang mereka dua orang perempuan sedang bermalas-malasan‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺢ اﻟﻠﱠﺘَﺎن ﺗَـﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼ ُﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺗـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣﻮﺻﻮٌل َ ﺋِ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﱠﺘَ ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬ ‫َُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َْ ُْ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗَـﺘ َﻜﺎﺳ َﻼ ِن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ﺎن{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤﻴـﺮ ﻣﺘﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋﻞ ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ} اﻟﻠﱠﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ٌ َُْ ُ َ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﲔ َ ْ ٌ ُ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َوأَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ و اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺢ اﻟ ﱠﻼﺗـﻲ ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ْﻠ َﻦ ‪Sedang dinasehati yang mereka para perempuan sedang bermalas-malasan‬‬ ‫ﺗُـْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ُﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺗـُْﻨ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻼﺗـِﻲ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣﻮﺻﻮٌل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ُ ْ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن‪َ ،‬وﻧـُ ْﻮ ُن اﻟﻨّ ْﺴ َﻮة )ﻧـُ ْﻮ ُن ْاﻹ َ ث( َ‬ ‫ﺎﺳ ْﻠ َﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﻳـَﺘَ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻮِل‬ ‫ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟ ﱠﻼﺗـِﻲ{‪ ,‬وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ و اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻻ ﻣـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَـﻬﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِْ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب ﺻﻠَﺔُ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻮ ُ‬ ‫ََ َ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ َ‬

‫‪ {٤~۳‬اَﻟْ ُـﻤـ ْـﺒــﺘَ ـ َﺪأُ َو اﻟْ َ‬


‫ـﺨ ــﺒَـ ـ ُـﺮ‬

‫ﺻﻠُﻪُ أَ ْن ﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻮ َن َﻣ ْﻌ ِﺮﻓَﺔً‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺒـﺘَ َﺪأُ اﺳﻢ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع ﻋﺎ ٍر ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْﻌﻮ ِاﻣ ِﻞ اﻟﻠﱠ ْﻔ ِﻈﻴﱠ ِﺔ وﻳـ َﻘﻊ ﻓِـﻲ أَﱠوِل اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ـﺠ ْﻤﻠَﺔ َوأَ ْ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫ََ ُ‬ ‫ُْ ْ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ ََ‬
‫ـﺨﺒـﺮ ُﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳ َﻜ ِﻤﻞ ﻣ ْﻌﻨَـﻰ اﻟْﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫َواﻟْ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ّ ُ َ‬
‫‪3. Mubtada’ ialah : Isim marfu’ yang bebas dari amil-amil lafziah dan terletak diawal kalimat dan‬‬
‫‪asalnya adalah berbentuk isim ma’rifah.‬‬
‫‪4. Khobar ialah : Suatu (ungkapan) yang menyempurnakan ma’na(pengertian) Mubtada’.‬‬
‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘ َﺪأِ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﺳـﻤ ِﺎء اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫ َﺮةِ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ َُْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ ٌﺪ ‪Guru laki-laki ini Rajin‬‬
‫س ُﻣ ْ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫س ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ ٌﺪ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْ‬
‫ﺎن ﻣـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ان ‪Dua orang Guru laki-laki ini Rajin‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪ ِان ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫ُﻣ ْ‬
‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ ُﺪ ْو َن ‪Para Guru laki-laki ini Rajin‬‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ُﻣ ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﲨﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َْ ُ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﲨﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َْ ُ ُ‬ ‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ ُﺪ ْو َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْ‬
‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪةٌ ‪Guru perempuan ini Rajin‬‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ ُﻣ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آ ِﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﱠِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈ َ‬ ‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪةٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْ‬
‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪ َ ِن ‪Dua orang Guru perempuan ini Rajin‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَﺎن ُﻣ ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ض َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳْ ِﻦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻣﺒـﺘﺪأٌ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟِﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪َ ,‬واﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ُن ﻋ َﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺘَ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ض َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳْ ِﻦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣـﺠﺘ ِﻬﺪ َ ِن ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟِﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪َ ,‬واﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ُن ﻋ َﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫َ ٌَ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َْ َ‬

‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪ ٌ‬
‫ات ‪Para Guru perempuan ini Rajin‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﺎت ُﻣ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ َﺪ ٌ‬
‫ات‬ ‫ُﻣ ْ‬

‫‪- 14 -‬‬
‫َﺳ َـﻤ ِﺎء ِْ‬
‫اﻹ َﺷﺎرةِ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟ ُْﻤ ْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ ﻣ ْﻦ أ ْ‬

‫َﻫ َﺬا ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬


‫س ‪Ini seorang Guru laki-laki‬‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺬا ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Ini dua orang Guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﻫ َﺬ ِان ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َّ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬‫َُُ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺬان ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ﻋﻮض ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫َ ْ َْ ٌ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Mereka ini para Guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫َﻫ ُﺆَﻻء ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫َﻫ ُﺆَﻻء ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِِ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ ‪Ini seorang Guru perempuan‬‬ ‫َﻫﺬﻩ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬
‫َﻫﺬﻩ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Ini dua orang Guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎ َ ِن ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬‫ﻒ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـُ ْﻌَﺮ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ َ ِن ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرة ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َﻫ ُﺆَﻻء ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Mereka ini para Guru perempuan‬‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬‫َﻫ ُﺆَﻻء ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫س ‪Itu seorang Guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﻚ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬ ‫َذﻟ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫َذﻟ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ﻚ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Itu dua orang Guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َذاﻧ َ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ﻒ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫َذاﻧِ َ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ ُ َ ُ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫أُوﻟَﺌِ َ‬
‫ﻚ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Mereka para Guru laki-laki‬‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫أُوﻟَﺌِ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ ‪Itu seorang Guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ﻚ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬‫ﺗِْﻠ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺗِْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻚ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Itu dua orang Guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﻧ َ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻳـ ْﻌﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب اﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‬
‫ب إ ْﻋَﺮ ُ‬
‫َُُ‬ ‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ َﺷﺎرةٍ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫َ ﻧِ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً ﻋَ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Mereka itu para Guru Perempuan‬‬ ‫أُوﻟَﺌِ َ‬
‫ﻚ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫أُوﻟَﺌِ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫‪- 15 -‬‬
‫ﱠﻤﺎﺋِ ِﺮ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟ ُْﻤ ْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻀ َ‬

‫ُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫س ‪Dia seorang guru laki-laki‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Mereka berdua guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﻫـﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َُ ُ َّ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ُﻫ َـﻤﺎ ‪َ :‬‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫ُﻫ ْﻢ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Mereka Para guru laki-laki‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ ‪Dia seorang guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ﻫ َﻲ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِﻫﻲ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Mereka berdua guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ﻫـﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫َُ ُ َّ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫـﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Mereka Para guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ُﻫ ﱠﻦ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬ ‫ُﻫ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫س ‪Kamu seorang guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﺖ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬ ‫أَﻧْ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫أَﻧْﺖ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر ٌ‬

‫أَﻧْـﺘُـﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Kalian berdua guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫َ ُ َّ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫أَﻧْـﺘُـﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫أَﻧْـﺘُ ْﻢ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Kalian Para guru laki-laki‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫أَﻧْـﺘُﻢ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫أَﻧْﺖ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ ‪Kamu seorang guru perempuan‬‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬ ‫أَﻧْ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Kalian berdua guru perempuan‬‬ ‫أَﻧْـﺘُﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َّ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫أَﻧْـﺘُ َﻤﺎ ‪َ :‬‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Kalian Para guru perempuan‬‬ ‫أَﻧْـﺘُـ ﱠﻦ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬ ‫أَﻧْـﺘُـ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫‪- 16 -‬‬
‫أَ َ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫س ‪Saya seorang guru laki-laki‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬ ‫أَ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Kami para guru laki-laki‬‬ ‫ـﺤ ُﻦ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬‫ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻧَـﺤﻦ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬‫ّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬

‫أَ َ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ ‪Saya seorang guru perempuan‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬ ‫أَ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Kami para guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ـﺤ ُﻦ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻧَـﺤﻦ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬‫ّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـُﺮ ِﺷْﺒﻪَ ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﺳ َﻢ ا ْﺳﺘ ْﻔ َﻬ ٍﺎم َوإِذَا َﻛﺎ َن اﻟْ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َوﻗَ ْﺪ ﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأُ ﻧَﻜَﺮةً إِذَا َﻛﺎ َن اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأُ ْ‬
‫‪Kadang kadang Mubtada’ berbentuk Isim Nakiroh apabila mubtada’nya adalah kata tanya dan apabila‬‬
‫‪khobarnya berbentuk syibhul jumlah (Jar wa majrur atau Zhorof).‬‬

‫َﻣﺎﺑِ َ‬
‫ﻚ‪..‬؟ ?‪Ada apa denganmu..‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ِ ٍ ِ‬
‫اﺳﺘ ْﻔ َﻬﺎم َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ُْ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣﻦ ِْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ف َﺟٍّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ب ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺠﺮور ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫َك ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ب}اَﻟْﺒَﺎء{‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْ ُ ْ ٌ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ }ﺑِﻚ{ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ‬
‫ﺾ‪..‬؟ ?‪Siapa yang sakit..‬‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻦ َﻣ ِﺮﻳْ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ِ ٍ ِ‬
‫اﺳﺘ ْﻔ َﻬﺎم َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ُْ ْ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺾ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َﻣ ِﺮﻳْ ٌ‬
‫ان ‪Saya memiliki dua orang saudara laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﻟِـﻲ أَﺧﻮ ِ‬
‫ْ ََ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِل ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ف َﺟّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴﺮ}َﻻ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺠﺮور ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ي ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ب}اَﻻﱠم{‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْ ُ ْ ٌ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ ُﻣ َﻘﺪ ٌ‬
‫ﱠم‬ ‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻟـ ْﻲ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮان ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ ُﻣ َﺆ ﱠﺧٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫أ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ـﺨﺎرِِج‪..‬؟ ?‪Berapa siswa yang berada diluar..‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﻛ ْﻢ ﻃَﺎﻟﺒًﺎ ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫َﻛﻢ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ِ ٍ ِ‬
‫اﺳﺘ ْﻔ َﻬﺎم َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ُْ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﻃَﺎﻟِﺒﺎ ‪ :‬ﺗَـﻤﻴِﻴـﺰ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ ٌْ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ً‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﺟّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن}َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْـﺨﺎرِِج ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ }ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْـﺨﺎرِِج{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ‬
‫أَ ِﻋْﻨ َﺪ َك ﻧـُ ُﻘ ْﻮٌد‪...‬؟?‪Apakah kamu punya uang..‬‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫اﺳﺘِ ْﻔ َﻬ ٍﺎم َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ف ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫أَ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن( ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ِﻋْﻨ َﺪ ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ )ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫َك ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَ ٌـﺮ ُﻣ َﻘﺪ ٌ‬
‫ﱠم‬ ‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ}ﻋْﻨ َﺪ َك{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻧـُ ُﻘ ْﻮٌد ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ ُﻣ َﺆ ﱠﺧٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫‪- 17 -‬‬
‫اﺳ ِـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ أ َْو ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ(‬
‫ف( َو ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ) ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ْ‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬
‫َﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُـﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ ﺛَﻼَﺛَﺔُ أَﻧْـ َﻮ ٍاع ‪ُ :‬ﻣ ْﻔَﺮٌد) َﻣﺎ َﻛﺎ َن َﻏْﻴـَﺮ ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔ( َوﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔ) َﺟ ٌﺎر َوَﻣ ْ‬
‫ـﺠُﺮْوٌر أ َْو ﻇَْﺮ ٌ‬
‫‪Khobar Mubtada’ terbagi tiga jenis yaitu Khobar Mufrod (bentuknya bukan kalimat) dan khobar‬‬
‫‪Syibhul Jumlah (Jar wa majrur atau Zhorof) dan Khobar Berbentuk.‬‬

‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْـ َﺨﺒَـ ِﺮ ِﻣ ْﻦ ِﺷ ْﺒ ِﻪ اﻟْـ ُﺠـ ْﻤﻠَ ِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬


‫ﺼ ِﻞ ‪Para siswa didalam kelas‬‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ِ‬
‫ب ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ب ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻓ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻔﺼ ِﻞ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ }ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْﻔﺼ ِﻞ{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ‬
‫س ‪Kopi ini untuk guru‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ َﻘ ْﻬ َﻮةُ ﻟِْﻠ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟْ َﻘ ْﻬ َﻮةُ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِل‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آ ِﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِر ِس ‪ :‬اِ ْﺳﻢ ﻣ ْ ِ‬
‫ـﺠُﺮْوٌر ب}اَﻻﱠم{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈ َ‬ ‫ٌَ‬ ‫ُ ّ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ }ﻟِْﻠﻤﺪ ِر ِس{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ‪Dua buku itu ada di atas meja‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ ِﻜﺘَﺎ َ ِن َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻤﻜْﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻜﺘَﺎ َ ن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻋﻠَﻰ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ـﺠﺮور ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤﻜْﺘ ِ ِ‬
‫ب} َﻋﻠَﻰ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْ ُ ْ ٌ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ﺐ{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫و ِﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ} َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻤﻜْﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻞ ‪Guru itu didepan kelas‬‬ ‫س أ ََﻣ َﺎم اﻟْ َﻔ ْ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫س ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫أَﻣﺎم ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺠﺮْوٌر و َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟ ِﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ٌِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺎف إﻟَْﻴﻪ َﻣ ْ ُ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ِﻞ ‪ُ :‬ﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻔ ْ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ }أَﻣﺎم اﻟْﻔﺼ ِﻞ{ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫ََ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺠَﺮةِ ‪Keledai itu dibawah pohon‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﺸ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْـﺤ َﻤ ُﺎر ﺗَ ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟْـ ِﺤ َﻤ ُﺎر ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﺗَـﺤﺖ ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ْ َ َ ُْ ْ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺠﺮْوٌر و َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟ ِﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﱠﺠﺮةِ ‪ :‬ﻣﻀ ٌ ِ ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺎف إﻟَْﻴﻪ َﻣ ْ ُ َ‬ ‫ََ ُ َ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ }ﺗـﺤﺖ اﻟﺸﱠﺠﺮةِ{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ََ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ﻋِْﻨ َﺪ اﻟْ ُﻤ ِﺪﻳْ ِﺮ ‪Para guru laki-laki bersama Kepala Sekolah‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬ ‫ِﻋْﻨ َﺪ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ِﺪﻳ ِﺮ ‪ :‬ﻣﻀ ٌ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ـﺠُﺮْوٌر َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴﻪ َﻣ ْ‬ ‫َُ‬ ‫ُ ْ‬
‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ} ِﻋﻨﺪ اﻟْﻤ ِﺪﻳ ِﺮ{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ َْ ُ ْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِـﻤﻴﱠ ِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْـ َﺨﺒـ ِﺮ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ـﺠ ْﻤﻠَﺔ ْ‬ ‫َ َ ُ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ﺐ ‪‘Ali anak laki-lakinya adalah seorang siswa‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ َوﻟَ ُﺪﻩُ ﻃَﺎﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َوﻟَ ُﺪ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َ ٍن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ه ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫‪- 18 -‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻃَﺎﻟ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠوِل‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ا ْﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻲ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎن ‪‘Ali dua orang anak laki-lakinya adalah dua orang siswa‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠِﻲ وﻟَ َﺪاﻩ ﻃَﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ ﱞَ ُ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺿﺎﻓَ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫وﻟَﺪا ‪ :‬ﻣﺒـﺘﺪأٌ َ ٍن ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟِﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ َو ُﺣﺬﻓَﺖ اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ُن ﻟ ِﻺ َ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُْ َ َ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَﻴﻪِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ٌ ْ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ّ‬ ‫‪َ :‬‬ ‫ُه‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻃَﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َ‬
‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ اﺳ ِـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـِﻲ وﺧ ِﱪﻩِ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠولِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ ُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬ ‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ أ َْوﻻَ ُدﻩُ ﻃُﻼﱠ ٌ‬
‫ب ‪‘Ali beberapa orang anak laki-lakinya adalah para siswa‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫َﻋﻠِ ﱞﻲ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َ ٍن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫أ َْوﻻَ ُد‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُه‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻲ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻃُﻼﱠ ٌ‬
‫ب‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠوِل‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻲ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻃ َﻤﺔُ ﺑِْﻨـﺘُـ َﻬﺎ ﻃَﺎﻟِﺒَﺔٌ ‪Fatimah anak perempuannya adalah seorang siswi‬‬
‫ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻃ َﻤﺔُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َ ٍن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﺑِْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻃَﺎﻟِﺒَﺔٌ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠوِل‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻲ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻃﻤﺔُ ﺑِْﻨـﺘَﺎﻫﺎ ﻃَﺎﻟِﺒـﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Fatimah dua orang anak perempuannya adalah dua orang siswi‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﻓَ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻃ َﻤﺔُ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺿﺎﻓَ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺑِْﻨـﺘﺎ ‪ :‬ﻣﺒـﺘﺪأٌ َ ٍن ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟِﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ َو ُﺣﺬﻓَﺖ اﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ُن ﻟ ِﻺ َ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُْ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِـﻰ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ض َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْﻮﻳْ ِﻦ ﻓـﻲ ْ ُ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪َ ,‬واﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ُن ﻋ َﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ﻃَﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَ ِ َ َ ُ ُ ْ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠوِل‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻲ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Fatimah beberapa orang anak perempuannya adalah para siswi‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻓَﺎﻃ َﻤﺔُ ﺑـَﻨَﺎﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﻃَﺎﻟﺒَ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻃ َﻤﺔُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َ ٍن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮِﻩ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺑـَﻨَ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻃَﺎﻟﺒَ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠوِل‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻲ و َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ‬
‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْـ َﺨﺒـ ِﺮ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْـﺠﻤﻠَ ِﺔ اﻟ ِْﻔﻌﻠِﻴﱠ ِﺔ ) اَﻟ ِْﻔﻌﻞ و ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻠُﻪُ( َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫َُْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ َ ُْ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ ‪Seorang guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬
‫س َﺣ َ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِﱰٌ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ِس{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َواﻟْ َﻔ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬
‫‪- 19 -‬‬
‫ﻀَﺮا ‪Dua orang guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ﺎن َﺣ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎن{‬ ‫ُ َّ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ٌ َ ُ ْ ُ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻀ ُﺮْوا ‪Beberapa orang guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ }اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ‪ ,‬وواو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ّ ََ ُ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀُﺮْوا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ت ‪Seorang guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ َﺣ َ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِﱰٌ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔ{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ‪َ ،‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫َ ََ ْ ْ ٌ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ﻀَﺮَ ‪Dua orang guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﺎن َﺣ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَﺎن‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺚ‪ ،‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮَ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴ َ ُ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺎن{‪ ,‬وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ َ ْ َ َ‬ ‫ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَ‬
‫ﻀ ْﺮ َن ‪Beberapa orang guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﺎت َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫ض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ،‬وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َْ ْ‬ ‫ﻀ ْﺮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣﺎ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬‫ﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺎت{‪ ,‬وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔﻌ ِﻞ واﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ ُ َُْ ْ َ ْ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْـ َﺨﺒـ ِﺮ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْـﺠﻤﻠَ ِﺔ اﻟ ِْﻔﻌﻠِﻴﱠ ِﺔ )اَﻟ ِْﻔﻌﻞ اﻟْﻤﺠﻬﻮ ُل وَ ﺋِﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ( َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ْ ُْ َ ُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ َ ُْ‬ ‫ْ َُ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻢ ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺼَﺮ ‪Seorang muslim telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ُُْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠِ ُﻢ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِـٌﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠِ ُﻢ{‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺼﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬و َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻧُ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺼَﺮا ‪Dua orang muslim telah ditolong‬‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ﻧُ ِ‬
‫َُْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤﺎن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٍﻞ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼَﺮا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫ﺎن{‪َ ,‬و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َو َ ﺋِ ِ َ‬ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤ ِ‬
‫َُْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﻮ َن ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮْوا ‪Beberapa orang muslim telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ُ ْ ُْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠِ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٍﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ‪ ,‬و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ّ َ َُ ََ َ َ‬ ‫ﻧُﺼُﺮْوا ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ﻳـَﻌُﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﻮ َن{‪ ,‬و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ ْ ُْ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ت ‪Seorang muslimah telah ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤﺔُ ﻧُﺼَﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤﺔُ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِ ٌﱰ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗـَ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺼﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ‪َ ،‬و َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫ﻧُ َ ْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬‫ﻳـَﻌُﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔ{‪ ,‬و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َُ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫‪- 20 -‬‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺼَﺮَ ‪Dua orang muslimah telah ditolong‬‬ ‫َُْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤﺘَﺎن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن ﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫ﲔ ﺿ ِﻤﻴـﺮ ﻣﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ ْ ٌ ُ‬
‫ﺚ‪ ،‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴ َ ُ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬
‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺼَﺮَ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ﺎن{‪ ,‬و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٍﻞ ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َُْ‬ ‫َُْ ُ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َََّ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻤﺎت ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺮ َن ‪Beberapa orang muslimah telah ditolong‬‬ ‫َُْ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤ ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪ ،‬وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻧُ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َْ ْ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ْﺮ َن‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ‬ ‫ﺎت{‪ ,‬و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫رﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َُ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤ ُ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮ ‪Seorang muslim itu sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ ُﻢ ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ ُﻢ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ و َ ﺋِﺐ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻤ ْﺠ ُﻬ ْﻮِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗـَ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼُﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ُﻫﻮ ﻳـَﻌُﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْﻤﺴﻠِﻢ{‪ ,‬و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُُْ َ‬ ‫َ ْ‬
‫ان ‪Dua orang muslim itu sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ﺎن ﻳـﻨْﺼﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤ ُ َ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤﺎن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺮ ِان ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ ََ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ َﻤﺎن{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﲔ َ‬ ‫َوأَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َُ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮْو َن ‪Beberapa orang muslim itu sedang ditolong‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن ﻳـُْﻨ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠِ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـْﻨﺼﺮو َن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻟِْﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮِل ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ﱞ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٍﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟْ ُﻤ ْﺴﻠ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن{‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َ ﺋ ُ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ َﻤ َ‬ ‫َو َو ُاو اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫و ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ و َ ﺋِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ـﺠ ْﻤﻠَ ِﺔ اﻟ ِْﻔ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠ ِﺔ ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ( َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟْـ َﺨﺒَـ ِﺮ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُ‬
‫ﺐ َﻛﺎ َن ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Seorang siswa telah berada di perpustakaan‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫اَﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬
‫اَﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َن‬
‫ﺐ{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬ ‫اﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َ‬ ‫َو ْ‬
‫اب{‬‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼﺐ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ َﻛﺎ َن‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺺ و اﺳ ِـﻤ ِـﻪ وﺧﺒـ ِﺮﻩِ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻗ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫ﺎن َﻛﺎ َ ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Dua orang siswa telah berada di perpustakaan‬‬
‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎن ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ اﺳﻢ َﻛﺎ َن ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫وأَﻟِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن{‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َُْ ُ َ‬ ‫َ َ ّ َ ُْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻓ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ َﻛﺎ َن‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺺ و اﺳ ِـﻤ ِـﻪ وﺧﺒـ ِﺮﻩِ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻗ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫‪- 21 -‬‬
‫ب َﻛﺎﻧـُ ْﻮا ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Para siswa telah berada di perpustakaan‬‬
‫اَﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ب ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧـُﻮا ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﱠﻢ ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ّ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﱡ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ب(‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ)اَﻟﻄﻼﱠ ُ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ َﻤ َ‬
‫َو َو ُاو اﻟْ َ‬
‫اب{‬‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ َﻛﺎ َن‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺺ و اﺳ ِـﻤ ِـﻪ وﺧﺒـ ِﺮﻩِ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻗ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻞ ‪Seorang siswi telah berada diperpustakaan‬‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒﺔُ َﻛﺎﻧَ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻔ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺔُ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋﻼََﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ﻫ َﻲ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺔ{‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َ‬ ‫َو ْ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤﻞﱠ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ َﻛﺎ َن‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺺ و اﺳ ِـﻤ ِـﻪ وﺧﺒـ ِﺮﻩِ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻗ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫ﺎن َﻛﺎﻧـَﺘَﺎ ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Dua orang siswi telah berada diperpustakaan‬‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒـﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻣﺒـﺘ َﺪأٌ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ض َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨﻮﻳْ ِﻦ ﻓـﻲ ْ ُ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪َ ,‬واﻟﻨـ ْﱡﻮ ُن ﻋ َﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧـَﺘﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ ) َﻛﺎَ َن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ﻓـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ اﺳﻢ َﻛﺎ َن ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ}اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒـﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫وأَﻟ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎن{‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ َ‬ ‫َ َ ّ َ ُْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬
‫اب{‬‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ َﻛﺎ َن‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺺ و اﺳ ِـﻤ ِـﻪ وﺧﺒـ ِﺮﻩِ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ََُ َُْ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻗ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻞ ‪Para siswi telah berada diperpustakaan‬‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ﺎت ُﻛ ﱠﻦ ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُﻛ ﱠﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗـَْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨّﺴﻮة )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ﺎت{‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ْ‬‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻹ َ ث( َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﺟٍّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ َﻛﺎ َن‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫اﺳ ِـﻤ ِـﻪ و َﺧﺒـ ِﺮِﻩ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َُ ُ‬ ‫ﺺ َو ْ َ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِ ْﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻗِ ِ‬

‫‪ {۵‬اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن‬

‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـَِﻬﺎ ﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن َداﺋِ ًﻤﺎ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ًﻋﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اِﺳﻢ َﻛﺎ َن ﻫﻮ ُﻛ ﱡﻞ ﻣﺒـﺘَ َﺪإٍ ﺗَ ْﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠَﻴ ِﻪ َﻛﺎ َن أَو إِﺣ َﺪى أ ِ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن أ َْو إِ ْﺣ َﺪى أ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗ َـﻬﺎ‪َ ,‬و ْ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ُُ َْ‬ ‫ُ َ ُْ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫‪َ ataupun salah satu saudarinya, dan isim‬ﻛﺎ َن ‪5. Isim Kaana adalah : Semua mubtada’ yang dimasuki‬‬
‫‪َ ataupun salah satu saudarinya selalu marfu’.‬ﻛﺎ َن‬
‫‪- 22 -‬‬
‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﺳ ِﻢ َﻛﺎ َن ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﺳـﻤ ِﺎء اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫ َﺮةِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫َ َْ‬ ‫ْ َُ ْ‬
‫َﻛﺎ َن ﷲُ ﻏَ ُﻔ ْﻮًرا َرِﺣْﻴ ًﻤﺎ ‪Alloh adalah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang‬‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َن‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺠﻼَﻟَﺔ ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ﻆ اﻟْ َ‬‫‪ :‬ﻟَ ْﻔ ُ‬ ‫ﷲُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن أَﱠوٌل ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ََُ‬ ‫َﻏ ُﻔ ْﻮًرا‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن َ ٍن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫َرِﺣْﻴ ًﻤﺎ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ََُ‬
‫َﻛﺎ َن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿًﺮا ‪Ketika itu Seorang siswa hadir‬‬ ‫ُ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬
‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺐ‬
‫اَﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ََُ‬ ‫ﺎﺿًﺮا‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿَﺮﻳْ ِﻦ ‪Ketika itu Dua orang siswa hadir‬‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬
‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َن‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََُ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿَﺮﻳْ ِﻦ‬ ‫َ‬
‫َﻛﺎ َن اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠب ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ِﺮﻳْ َﻦ ‪Ketika itu Para siswa hadir‬‬ ‫ُ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌْ َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎ َن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ب‬‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫‪:‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََُ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ِﺮﻳْ َﻦ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒﺔُ ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿَﺮةً ‪Ketika itu Seorang siswi hadir‬‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫ﺖ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْﲔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َواﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَﺔُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ََُ‬ ‫ﺎﺿَﺮةً‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﲔ ‪Ketika itu Dua orang siswi hadir‬‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَﺖ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَﺎن َﺣﺎﺿَﺮﺗَـ َْ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ ْاﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒـﺘ ِ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬‫ﺎﺿﺮﺗَـﲔ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ َْ َ َ ُ‬
‫ﺎﺿﺮ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ات ‪Ketika itu Para siswi hadir‬‬ ‫ﺎت َﺣ َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَﺖ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻧَ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) َﻛﺎ َن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ﺎت ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﱠﺚ َﺳﺎﻟِ ٌـﻢ‬ ‫ات ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ َﻛﺎ َن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣﺆﻧ ٍ‬
‫َ ُ َ ْ ُ َُ‬ ‫َْ َ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ََُ‬
‫ﺎﺿﺮ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫َﺧﻮ ِ‬
‫ات َﻛﺎ َن َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑِ َـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ أ َ َ‬
‫ﺲ)ﻟِﻠﻨﱠـ ْﻔ ِﻲ(‬
‫ﻟ َْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻬﻼً ‪Keberhasilan itu tidaklah mudah‬‬
‫ﺎح َ‬
‫ﱠﺠ ُ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴﺲ اﻟﻨ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺲ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫ﺎح‬
‫ﱠﺠ ُ‬
‫اﻟﻨ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ََُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﻬﻼً‬
‫‪- 23 -‬‬
‫ﻟَْﻴﺲ َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ُﻣﺘَـَﺰِّو ً‬
‫ﺟﺎ ‪Zaid belum berkeluarga‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ )ﻣ ْﻦ أ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺲ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ٌﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣﺘـﺰِوﺟﺎ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ََُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َُ َ ّ ً‬
‫ﺳﺎ )‪Dia bukan seorang guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﺲ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ً‬‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪,‬واﺳﻢ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﺿ ِﻤﻴـﺮ ﻣﺴﺘِﱰ ﺟﻮازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳـﺮﻩ ﻫﻮ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴﺲ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ٌ ُ ْ َ ٌ َ َ ً ْ ُُ ُ َ ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻣﺪ ِرﺳﺎ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ َ ّ ً ََُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫ﲔ )‪Mereka berdua bukan dua orang guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴﺴﺎ ُﻣ َﺪ ِر َﺳ ْ ِ‬
‫َ ّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴ َﺴﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺲ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ْ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﲔ َ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬وأَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﲔ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ْ ِ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴ ُﺴ ْﻮا ُﻣ َﺪ ِّرﺳ َْ‬
‫ﲔ )‪Mereka bukan para guru (laki-laki‬‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ‪ ,‬و واو اﻟْـﺠﻤﺎﻋ ِﺔ ِ‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴ ُﺴ ْﻮا ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺲ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ْ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ّ َ َُ ََ َ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرِﺳﲔ ‪:‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ُ ّ َْ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬

‫ﺖ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ﺳﺔً )‪Dia bukan seorang guru (perempuan‬‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴ َﺴ ْ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَِ ٌﱰ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ِﻫ َﻲ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ‪َ ،‬و ْ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴ َﺴ ْ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔً‬
‫َ‬ ‫ب َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ْ‬‫ﺼ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫ﺲ َﻣْﻨ ُ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴﺴﺘَﺎ ُﻣ َﺪ ِر َﺳﺘَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ )‪Mereka berdua bukan dua orang guru (perempuan‬‬ ‫َ ّ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ ِ‬ ‫ﺚ‪ ,‬وأَﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻟَﻴﺴﺘﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺲ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ْ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫ﻒ اﻻﺛْـﻨَـ ْ ِ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴ َ ُ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫ٌَْ‬ ‫ْ ََ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﲔ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَـ ْ ِ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ﻟَﺴﻦ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ٍ‬
‫ﺎت ) ‪Mereka bukan para guru (perempuan‬‬ ‫ْ َ ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن‪,‬وﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ ِ‬
‫ث( ِ‬ ‫ﻟَ ْﺴ َﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺲ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ْ‬
‫اﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫اﻹ َ َ‬ ‫ْ َ ْ َْ ْ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬
‫ﱠﺚ َﺳﺎﻟِ ٌـﻢ‬
‫ﺎت ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻟَﻴﺲ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣﺆﻧ ٍ‬
‫َ ُ َ ْ ُ َُ‬ ‫َْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ََُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ٍ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺒ ِﺢ(‬‫ﺖ ِﻟ ﱡ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﺢ )ﻟِﻠﺘـﱠﻮﻗِ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫َﺻﺒَ َﺢ‪-‬ﻳُ ْ ُ ْ‬ ‫أْ‬
‫ﺢ اﻟْ َـﻬ َﻮاءُ َ ِرًدا ‪Pada pagi hari cuacanya dingin‬‬ ‫َﺻﺒَ َ‬
‫أْ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫َﺻﺒَ َﺢ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫أْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﺻﺒَ َﺢ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ َـﻬ َﻮاءُ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ أ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِردا ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ أَﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ََُ َْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ً‬
‫َﺿﺤﻰ‪-‬ﻳ ْ ِ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀﺤ ْﻲ )ﻟﻠﺘـ ْﱠﻮﻗْﻴﺖ ِ ﻟﻀ َ‬
‫ﱡﺤﻰ(‬ ‫أَْ ُ‬
‫ﺐ ﻧَ ِﺸْﻴﻄًﺎ ‪Pada waktu dhuha siswa itu rajin‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫َﺿ َﺤﻰ اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫أْ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ اﻟْﻤ َﻘ ﱠﺪ ِر) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺿ َﺤﻰ‬‫أْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﺿ َﺤﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ أ ْ‬ ‫ﺐ‬
‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺿﺤﻰ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﻧَ ِﺸْﻴﻄًﺎ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ أَ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫‪- 24 -‬‬
‫ﱠﻬﺎ ِر(‬‫ﺖ ِ ﻟﻨـ َ‬ ‫ﻇَ ﱠﻞ‪ -‬ﻳﻈَ ﱡﻞ )ﻟِﻠﺘـﱠﻮﻗِْﻴ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺣﺎرا ‪Pada siang hari cuacanya panas‬‬ ‫ﻇَ ﱠﻞ اﻟْ َـﻬ َﻮاءُ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫ﻇَ ﱠﻞ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َـﻬ َﻮاءُ ‪ :‬اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻇَ ﱠﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣﺎرا ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻇَ ﱠﻞ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ََُ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺎء(‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻰ‪ -‬ﻳُ ْـﻤﺴﻲ )ﻟﻠﺘـ ْﱠﻮﻗ ْﻴﺖ ﻟ َْﻤ َ‬ ‫أ َْﻣ َ‬
‫ﺴﻰ اﻟْ َـﻬ َﻮاءُ ُﻣ ْﻌﺘَ ِﺪﻻً ‪Pada sore hari cuacanya cerah‬‬ ‫أ َْﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ اﻟْﻤ َﻘ ﱠﺪ ِر) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫أ َْﻣ َﺴﻰ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ َـﻬ َﻮاءُ ‪ :‬اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ أ َْﻣ َﺴﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘ ِﺪﻻً ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ أَﻣﺴﻰ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ََُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ُ َْ‬
‫ﺖ )ﻟِﻠﺘـﱠﻮﻗِ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِ ﻟﻠﱠْﻴ ِﻞ(‬ ‫ت‪ -‬ﻳَﺒِْﻴ ُ ْ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ﱠﺠ ُﻢ ﻻَِﻣ ًﻌﺎ ‪Pada malam hari bintang berkilauan‬‬ ‫ت اﻟﻨ ْ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺺ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)ﻣ ْﻦ أ َ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗ ٌ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ت َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﱠﺠ ُﻢ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻻَِﻣﻌﺎ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ت ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬‫ََُ َ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ً‬
‫ﱠﺤ ﱡﻮ ِل(‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎر‪ -‬ﻳَﺼ ْﻴـ ُﺮ )ﻟﻠﺘ َ‬ ‫ﺻَ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺠﺎ ‪Air itu berubah menjadi es‬‬
‫ﺻ َﺎر اﻟْ َﻤﺎءُ ﺛـَْﻠ ً‬
‫َ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫ﺻ َﺎر ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺻ َﺎر َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻤﺎءُ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺛـَْﻠﺠﺎ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﺻﺎر ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ََُ َ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ً‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳﺘِ ْﻤ َﺮا ِر‬ ‫ﻚ {} َﻣﺎﻓَﺘِ َﺊ‪-‬ﻻَ ﻳَـ ْﻔﺘَﺄُ{ )ﻟِ ِْﻼ ْﺳﺘِ ْﻤ َﺮا ِر(‪َ .‬و َﻫ ِﺬﻩِ أَﻓْـ َﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺎل ِْ‬ ‫ﻚ‪-‬ﻻَ ﻳَـ ْﻨـ َﻔ ﱡ‬ ‫ح {‪َ }-‬ﻣﺎاِﻧْـ َﻔ ﱠ‬ ‫ِح‪ -‬ﻻَﻳَـ ْﺒـ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ال{‪َ }-‬ﻣﺎﺑَﺮ َ‬ ‫ال‪ -‬ﻻَﻳَـ َﺰ ُ‬
‫ﺎز َ‬
‫} َﻣ َ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرِع َﻛ َﻤﺎ ﻓِـﻲ ْاﻷ َْﻣﺜِﻠَ ِﺔ ْاﻵﺗِﻴَ ِﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫وﺗَ ُﻜﻮ ُن داﺋِﻤﺎ ﻣﺴﺒـﻮﻗَﺔً ﺑِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ْﺮف ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٍﻲ}) َﻣﺎ( ﻟ ْﻠﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟْ َﻤﺎﺿﻰ )ﻻَ‪,‬ﻟَ ْـﻢ‪,‬ﻟَ ْﻦ( ﻟ ْﻠﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ اﻟْ ُﻤ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ً َ ُْْ َ‬
‫ﻞ َﻣ ْﻬ ُﺰْوًﻣﺎ ‪Kebathilan itu selalu dikalahkan‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﻣ َﺎز َال اﻟْﺒَﺎﻃ ُ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٍﻲ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫َز َال ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻃ ُﻞ ‪ :‬اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ َز َال َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اﻟْﺒ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺰوﻣﺎ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ز َال ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ْ ُْ ً ََُ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫ﻣﺎﺑﺮِح اﻟْـﺤ ﱡﻖ ﻣْﻨـﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺼًﺮا ‪Kebenaran itu selalu menang‬‬ ‫َََ َ ُ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٍﻲ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫ِح ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﺑَﺮ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِح َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱡﻖ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ ﺑَﺮ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼﺮا ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﺑﺮِح ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ُﻣْﻨـﺘَ ً َ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫ﻞ َ ﺋِ ًﻤﺎ ‪Anak kecil itu selalu tidur‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ اِﻧْـ َﻔ ﱠ ِ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟﻄّْﻔ ُ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٍﻲ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ﻚ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫اِﻧْـ َﻔ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻚ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟ ِﻄّْﻔ ُﻞ ‪ :‬اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ اِﻧْـ َﻔ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻚ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ﺋ ًﻤﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻧْـ َﻔ ﱠ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫‪- 25 -‬‬
‫َﻣﺎﻓَﺘِ َﺊ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﺎﺑُِﺮ َﻣ ْ‬
‫ـﺤﺒُـ ْﻮً ‪Orang yang sabar itu selalu dicintai‬‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٍﻲ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﻓَﺘِ َﺊ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺑَِﺮ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻓَﺘ َﺊ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ﻓَﺘِﺊ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ََُ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ـﺤﺒُـ ْﻮً‬
‫َﻣ ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﺪ ِرﻳﱠِﺔ اﻟﻈﱠْﺮﻓِﻴﱠ ِﺔ‬
‫ب ) َﻣﺎ( اﻟْ َﻤ ْ‬ ‫ْ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن اﻟْﻤﺪﱠةِ( وﺗُﺴ ﱠﻤﻰ )ﻣﺎ( اَﻟﱠﺘِـﻲ ﺗَﺴﺒِ ُﻖ َدام ِ‬
‫َﻣ َﺎد َام )ﻟﺒَـﻴَ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺎ ‪Aku akan mengerjakan kebaikan selama aku masih hidup‬‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺎد ْﻣ ُ‬
‫أَﻓْـ َﻌ ُﻞ َﺧْﻴـًﺮا َﻣ ُ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ ُو ُﺟ ْﻮً ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ أَ َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫أَﻓْـ َﻌ ُﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﺑِِﻪ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ ﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ‬ ‫َﺧْﻴـًﺮا‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ َﺪ ِرﻳﱠﺔٌ ﻇَْﺮﻓﻴﱠﺔٌ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَ َـﻬﺎ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﻣ ْ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎض َ ﻗِﺺ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات َﻛﺎ َن ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َوﺗَـﻨْﺼ ُ‬ ‫ْ ْ َ‬ ‫ٌ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ُد ْم‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ َد َام‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ دام ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫َﺣﻴﺎ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ََُ َ َ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬

‫‪َ {٦‬ﺧﺒَـ ُﺮ إ ﱠن‬


‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـَِﻬﺎ ﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن َداﺋِ ًﻤﺎ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ًﻋﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒـﺮ إ ﱠن ﻫﻮ ُﻛ ﱡﻞ ﺧﺒـ ِﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘَ َﺪإِ ﺗَ ْﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠَﻴ ِﻪ إِ ﱠن أَو إِﺣ َﺪى أ ِ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗ َـﻬﺎ‪َ .‬و َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن أ َْو إِ ْﺣ َﺪى أ َ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ُُ َْ‬ ‫ََ ُْ‬ ‫ََُ ُ َ‬
‫‪ ataupun salah satu saudarinya,‬إ ﱠن ‪6 .Khobar Inna adalah : Semua Khobar mubtada’ yang dimasuki‬‬
‫‪ ataupun salah satu saudarinya selalu Marfu’.‬إ ﱠن ‪dan khobar‬‬
‫أَﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ َﺧ ِﱪ إ ﱠن ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷَﺳـﻤ ِﺎء اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫ َﺮةِ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫َ َْ‬ ‫ْ َُ َ‬
‫إ ﱠن ﷲَ َﻏ ُﻔ ْﻮٌر َرِﺣْﻴ ٌﻢ ‪Sesungguhnya Alloh Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻆ اﻟَـﺠﻼَﻟَ ِﺔ اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻟَْﻔ ُ َ‬ ‫ﷲَ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﻏ ُﻔ ْﻮٌر ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن أَﱠوٌل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َرﺣْﻴ ٌﻢ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َ ٍن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﺿٌﺮ ‪Sesungguhnya seorang siswa laki-laki hadir‬‬ ‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﺿٌﺮ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﺿﺮ ِ‬‫ِ ﱠِ ِ ِ‬
‫ان ‪Sesungguhnya dua orang siswa laki-laki hadir‬‬ ‫إ ﱠن اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒَـ ْﲔ َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﲔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺿَﺮ ِان ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ُﺮْو َن ‪Sesungguhnya para siswa laki-laki hadir‬‬ ‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠب ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠب ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ﺎﺿُﺮْو َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎﺿَﺮةٌ ‪Sesungguhnya seorang siswi perempuan hadir‬‬ ‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒﺔَ ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫‪- 26 -‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒﺔَ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺎﺿَﺮةٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﺿَﺮَ ِن ‪Sesungguhnya dua orang siswi perempuan hadir‬‬ ‫ﲔﺣ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫إ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَـ ْ ِ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﲔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَـ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫َﺣﺎﺿَﺮَ ن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎت َﺣﺎﺿَﺮ ٌ‬
‫ات ‪Sesungguhnya para siswi perempuan hadir‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﱠﺚ َﺳﺎﻟِ ٌـﻢ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣﺆﻧ ٍ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ ْ ُ َُ‬ ‫َْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ات ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َﺣﺎﺿَﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﱠﻤﺎﺋِ ِﺮ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ َﺧ َِﱪ إ ﱠن ﻣ َﻦ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻀ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫س )‪Sesungguhnya dia seorang guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫إﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬
‫ّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ه ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر ٌ‬
‫ﺎن )‪Sesungguhnya mereka berdua dua orang guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫إِﻧـﱠﻬﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َُ ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺼﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﻫـﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِر ﱠﺳﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن )‪Sesungguhnya mereka para guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫إﻧـ ُﱠﻬ ْﻢ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﻫـﻢ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ِ‬
‫إﻧـ َﱠﻬﺎ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ )‪Sesungguhnya dia seorang guru (perempuan‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﻫﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﺎن )‪Sesungguhnya mereka berdua dua orang guru (perempuan‬‬ ‫إِﻧـﱠﻬﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫َُ ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﻫـﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺘَﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫إِﻧـ ُﱠﻬ ﱠﻦ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ﺎت )‪Sesungguhnya mereka para guru (perempuan‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫إِﻧ َ‬
‫ﱠﻚ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫س )‪Sesungguhnya kamu seorang guru (laki-laki‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َك‬
‫‪- 27 -‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ﺎن )‪Sesungguhnya kalian berdua dua orang guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫إِﻧﱠ ُﻜﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ُﻛـﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن )‪Sesungguhnya kalian para guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫إﻧﱠ ُﻜ ْﻢ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ُﻛﻢ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺳﺔٌ )‪Sesungguhnya kamu seorang guru (perempuan‬‬ ‫إﻧﱠﻚ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِك ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫إِﻧﱠ ُﻜﻤﺎ ﻣ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ﺎن )‪Sesungguhnya kalian berdua dua orang guru (perempuan‬‬ ‫َ ُ َّ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ُﻛﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺘَﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫إِﻧﱠ ُﻜ ﱠﻦ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ﺎت )‪Sesungguhnya kalian para guru (perempuan‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ُﻛ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ٌ‬
‫ِِ‬
‫إﻧّ ْـﻲ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫س )‪Sesungguhnya saya seorang guru (laki-laki‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻔﺘ ِﺢ اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ ﻟِﻤﻨ ِ ِ‬ ‫إِ ِّن ‪ :‬ﺣﺮ ُ ِ ٍ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺎﺳﺒَﺔ َ ء اﻟْ ُﻤﺘَ َﻜﻠِّﻢ )إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫ْ َُ َ‬ ‫ْ ُّ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ َْ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ْي ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِر ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن )‪Sesungguhnya kami para guru (laki-laki‬‬ ‫إﻧـﱠﻨَﺎ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ َﺧ َِﱪ إ ﱠن ِﻣ ْﻦ ِﺷ ْﺒ ِﻪ اﻟْـ ُﺠـ ْﻤﻠَ ِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Sesungguhnya seorang siswa ada di perpustakaan‬‬ ‫ِ ﱠِ‬
‫إ ﱠن اﻟﻄﺎﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣﻦ ِْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﺟٍّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ََ ْ ٌ َ ْ ُْ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Sesungguhnya dua orang siswa ada di perpustakaan‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬

‫‪- 28 -‬‬
‫ﲔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻣ َﻦ ﻓـﻲ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻓ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ب ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Sesungguhnya para siswa ada di perpustakaan‬‬ ‫إ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠب ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤﻞﱠ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻓ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَﺔَ ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Sesungguhnya seorang siswi ada di perpustakaan‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒﺔَ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﺟٍّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ََ ْ ٌ َ ْ ُْ ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﲔ ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Sesungguhnya dua orang siswi ada di perpustakaan‬‬ ‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَـﺘَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗـُ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﲔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْﻴﺎء ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫َ ُُ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَـﺘَـ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎت ﻓِـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَ ِﺔ ‪Sesungguhnya para siswi ada di perpustakaan‬‬ ‫إِ ﱠن اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﱠﺚ َﺳﺎﻟِ ٌـﻢ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَﺼﺒِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘﺤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣﺆﻧ ٍ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ ْ ُ َُ‬ ‫َْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﺟّﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن}َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْـﻲ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻜﺘـﺒ ِﺔ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻓـﻲ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫َ ََ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﻓـﻲ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻜﺘَـﺒَﺔ{ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬

‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ َﺧ َِﱪ إ ﱠن ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟْـ ُﺠـ ْﻤﻠَ ِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬


‫ـﺠﻠِﺲ َﻣ َﻌﻨَﺎ ‪Sesungguhnya Zaid sedang duduk bersama kami‬‬
‫إِ ﱠن َزﻳْ ًﺪا ﻳَ ْ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ْ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﻻ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬ ‫َﺧ‬ ‫أ‬‫و‬ ‫ﱠ‬
‫ن‬ ‫ِ‬‫إ‬‫)‬ ‫ﺢ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ْ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ـﻲ‬‫ِ‬
‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ َ ْ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ ﱞ َ َ ْ‬
‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫و‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ِ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ف‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫زﻳ ًﺪا ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ} َزﻳْ ًﺪا{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﻳ ِ‬
‫ـﺠﻠ ُ‬‫َْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَﻴﻪِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ٌ ْ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬‬ ‫َ‬
‫ـﺠﻠِﺲ َﻣ َﻌﻨَﺎ ‪Sesungguhnya Fatimah sedang duduk bersama kami‬‬ ‫ِﱠ ِ‬
‫إن ﻓَﺎﻃ َﻤﺔَ ﺗَ ْ ُ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻃﻤﺔَ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻓَ َ‬
‫‪- 29 -‬‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ و اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِﻞ ﺿ ِﻤﻴـﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﺘِـﺮ ﺟﻮازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳـﺮﻩ ِﻫﻲ ﻳـﻌﻮد ﻋﻠَﻰ}ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻃ َﻤﺔَ{‬ ‫ُ َ ْ ٌ ُ ْ َ ٌ َ َ ً ْ ُُ َ َ ُ ْ ُ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺠﻠ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌﻞ َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَﻴﻪِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ٌ ْ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬‬ ‫َ‬

‫إِ ﱠن َزﻳْ ًﺪا ﺛـَ ْﻮﺑُﻪُ أَﺑْـﻴَ ُ‬


‫ﺾ ‪Sesungguhnya Zaid pakaiannya berwarna putih‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ًﺪا‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ب‬
‫ﺛـَ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُه‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺾ‬
‫أَﺑْـﻴَ ُ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ ِِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫إِ ﱠن ﻓَﺎﻃ َﻤﺔَ ﺛـَ ْﻮﺑـُ َﻬﺎ أَﺑْـﻴَ ُ‬
‫ﺾ ‪Sesungguhnya Fatimah pakaiannya berwarna putih‬‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)إِ ﱠن َوأ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫إِ ﱠن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ إِ ﱠن ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﻓَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺎﻃ َﻤﺔَ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ب‬
‫ﺛـَ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺾ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫أَﺑْـﻴَ ُ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ إِ ﱠن‬ ‫ِ ِِ‬ ‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ َو َﺧ َِﱪﻩ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ات إِ ﱠن َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬
‫َﺧﻮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ أ َ َ‬
‫أَ ﱠن )ﻟِﻠﺘـ ْﱠﻮﻛِْﻴ ِﺪ(‬
‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ ٌﺪ ‪Saya sudah tahu bahwa si Zaid itu siswa yang rajin‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ ُﻣ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ أَ ﱠن َزﻳْ ًﺪا ﻃَﺎﻟ ٌ‬ ‫َﻋﻠ ْﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫َﻋﻠِ ْﻢ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِﱠﻢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ت ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ّ َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨﺼ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ)ﻣ ْﻦ أ َ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴﺪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫أَ ﱠن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫زﻳ ًﺪا ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ أَ ﱠن ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ أَ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻃَﺎﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ ﻟِـ َﺨﺒَـ ِﺮ أَ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺠﺘَ ِﻬ ٌﺪ ‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْ‬
‫اك(‬‫َﻜ ﱠﻦ )ﻟِ ِْﻼﺳﺘِ ْﺪر ِ‬
‫ﻟِ‬
‫ْ َ‬
‫ﻞ ‪Zaid orang kaya tetapi dia pelit‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫َزﻳْ ٌﺪ َﻏﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻟَﻜﻨﱠﻪُ ﺑَـﺨْﻴ ٌ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻏﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف ِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫اﺳﺘ ْﺪ َراك َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﻟَﻜ ﱠﻦ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَ ِﻜ ﱠﻦ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻀ ِ ِ‬
‫ﱠﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ه ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺑَـﺨْﻴ ٌﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَﻜ ﱠﻦ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺖ ذَﻛِ ﱞﻲ ﻟَﻜِﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﻚ ُﻣﺘَ َﻜﺒِّ ٌـﺮ ‪Engkau cerdas tetapi engkau sombong‬‬ ‫أَﻧْ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫أَﻧْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ذَﻛِ ﱞﻲ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف ِ ٍ‬ ‫ﻟَ ِﻜ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗـَﻨْ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫اﺳﺘ ْﺪ َراك َوﻧَ ْ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَ ِﻜ ﱠﻦ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َك‬

‫‪- 30 -‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُﻣﺘَ َﻜﺒٌِّـﺮ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَﻜ ﱠﻦ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫َﻛﺄَ ﱠن )ﻟِﻠﺘﱠ ْﺸﺒِْﻴ ِﻪ إِ َذا َﻛﺎ َن َﺧﺒَـ ُﺮَﻫﺎ َﺟ ِﺎﻣ ًﺪا‪َ ,‬وﻟِﻠﻈﱠ ِّﻦ إِذَا َﻛﺎ َن َﺧﺒَـ ُﺮَﻫﺎ ُﻣ ْﺸﺘَـﻘﺎ(‬
‫َﺳ ٌﺪ ‪Si Zaid bagaikan singa‬‬ ‫َﻛﺄَ ﱠن َزﻳْ ًﺪا أ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺄَ ﱠن ‪ :‬ﺣﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـﻨْ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ف ﺗَ ْﺸﺒِْﻴﻪ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ب َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﺼ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫َزﻳْ ًﺪا ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ َﻛﺄَ ﱠن َﻣْﻨ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﺳ ٌﺪ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ َﻛﺄَ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫أَ‬
‫ﺟﺎﺋِ ٌﻊ ‪Sepertinya si Zaid lapar‬‬
‫َﻛﺄَ ﱠن َزﻳْ ًﺪا َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ف ﻇَ ٍّﻦ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َﻛﺄَ ﱠن‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ َﻛﺄَ ﱠن ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ًﺪا‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ َﻛﺄَ ﱠن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫َﺟﺎﺋِ ٌﻊ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﱠﻤﻨِّـﻲ(‬ ‫ﻟَﻴ َ ِ‬
‫ﺖ )ﻟﻠﺘ َ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎب َﻋﺎﺋِ ٌﺪ ‪Seandainya saja masa muda itu bisa kembali‬‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﺸﱠﺒَ َ‬
‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗـَْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ف ﺗَ َـﻤ ٍّﻦ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﱠﺒﺎب ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻟَﻴﺖ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ َ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﻋﺎﺋ ٌﺪ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ـﺠﻲءُ ‪Seandainya saja guru datang‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﺳﺘَﺎذَ ﻳَ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ْاﻷ ْ‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ف ﺗَ َـﻤ ٍّﻦ َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ْاﻷُﺳﺘﺎذَ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻟَﻴﺖ ﻣﻨْﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ َ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ُﺳﺘَﺎ َذ{‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘ ٌـﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَﻌُ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ} ْاﻷ ْ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َو اﻟْ َﻔ ُ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِر ٌ‬
‫ع َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﻳَـﺠ ْﻲءُ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺖ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَْﻴ َ‬ ‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َو اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎق واﻟْـ َﺨﻮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻟَﻌ ﱠﻞ )ﻟِﻠﺘـ ِ‬
‫ف(‬ ‫ﱠﻮﻗﱡ ِﻊ‪/‬اَِْﻹ ْﺷ َﻔ َ ْ‬ ‫ﱠﺮ ّﺟﻲ َو ﻟﻠﺘـ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺢ ‪Mudah-mudahan engkau berhasil‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ َﺟ ٌ‬ ‫ﻟَ َﻌﻠ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ج َوﻧَ ْ‬‫ف ﺗَـَﺮٍّ‬‫ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫َك ‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ ِﺟ ٌﺢ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَ َﻌﻞﱠ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﺑِ َ‬
‫ـﺨْﻴـ ٍﺮ ‪Mudah-mudahan engkau dalam keadaan baik‬‬ ‫ﻟَ َﻌﻠﱠ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗـَْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ج َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ف ﺗَـَﺮٍّ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ‬‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫َك ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤﻞﱠ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ب ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ـﺠﺮور ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ب}اَﻟْﺒَﺎء{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﺧ ٍْﲑ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْ ُ ْ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ ﻟَ َﻌﻞﱠ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﲑ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }ﺑِ َ‬
‫ﺣ ُـﻤﻨَﺎ ‪Semoga Alloh merahmati Kita‬‬
‫ﻟَ َﻌﻞﱠ ﷲَ ﻳـَْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ج َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـَﺮٍّ‬
‫ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻆ اﻟْـﺠﻼَﻟَِﺔ اِﺳﻢ ﻟَﻌ ﱠﻞ ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ َ ُْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ﷲَ ‪ :‬ﻟَ ْﻔ ُ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِـٌﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}ﷲِ{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻳـَْﺮ َﺣ ُﻢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻣ ْﻔ ُﻌ ْﻮٌل ﺑِِﻪ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ َﺧﺒـَُﺮ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬
‫َو ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﻴﱠﺔٌ }ﻳـَْﺮ َﺣ ُـﻤﻨَﺎ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪- 31 -‬‬
‫ﺐ ‪Saya khawatir engkau gagal‬‬ ‫ﻟَﻌﻠﱠ َ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َراﺳ ٌ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ف إِ ْﺷ َﻔﺎق َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﻟَ َﻌﻞﱠ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ‬‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َك‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َرﺳ ٌ‬
‫ﺾ ‪Saya khawatir engkau sakit‬‬ ‫ﻚ َﻣ ِﺮﻳْ ٌ‬‫ﻟَ َﻌﻠﱠ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ) ِﻣﻦ أ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ـﺨﺒَـَﺮ(‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮات إ ﱠن ﺗَـْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻻ ْﺳ َﻢ َو ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَ ُﻊ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ ٍ َْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫ف إِ ْﺷ َﻔﺎق َوﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اِ ْﺳ ُﻢ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ‬
‫ﺼٍ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫َ‬ ‫َك‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺾ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﻣ ِﺮﻳْ ٌ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻓﱠﺔُ( ‪Apabila‬‬
‫)ﻣﺎ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪) ataupun saudari-‬إ ﱠن( ‪) ataupun salah satu saudari-saudarinya maka‬إ ﱠن( ‪َ mengiringi‬‬
‫‪saudarinya tidak beramal lagi.‬‬
‫إِﻧﱠـﻤﺎ ﷲ و ِ‬
‫اﺣ ٌﺪ ‪Sesungguhnya Alloh Itu Maha Esa‬‬ ‫َ َُ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬
‫ﱠﺖ َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ و) َﻣﺎ( َﻛﺎﻓﱠﺔٌ َزاﺋِ َﺪةٌ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ُﻛﻔ ْ‬ ‫إِﻧﱠ َـﻤﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻆ اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺠﻼَﻟَﺔ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫‪ :‬ﻟَْﻔ ُ َ‬ ‫ﷲُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َواﺣ ٌﺪ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎل ِ ﻟﻨِّﻴﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Sesungguhnya setiap perbuatan tergantung niatnya‬‬ ‫إِﻧﱠ َـﻤﺎ ْاﻷ َْﻋ َﻤ ُ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬
‫ﱠﺖ َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ و) َﻣﺎ( َﻛﺎﻓﱠﺔٌ َزاﺋِ َﺪةٌ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٍﺪ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ُﻛﻔ ْ‬ ‫إِﻧﱠ َـﻤﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎل ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْاﻷ َْﻋ َﻤ ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ ﻋَﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤﻞﱠ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬ ‫ب‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ـﺠﺮور ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ب}اَﻟْﺒَﺎء{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟﻨّﻴﱠﺎت ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْ ُ ْ ٌ‬
‫ﺎت{ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬ ‫و ِﺷﺒﻪ ﺟـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ } ِ ﻟﻨِّﻴﱠ ِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُْ ُ ْ‬
‫ﻟَ َﻌﻠﱠ َﻤﺎ ﷲُ ﻳـَْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺣ ُـﻤﻨَﺎ ‪Semoga Alloh merahmati Kita‬‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﱠﺖ َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ و) َﻣﺎ( َﻛﺎﻓﱠﺔٌ َزاﺋِ َﺪةٌ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ُﻛﻔ ْ‬
‫ف ﺗَـﺮٍج وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﻟَ َﻌ ﱠﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ َ ّ َ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻆ اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺠﻼَﻟَﺔ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﷲُ ‪ :‬ﻟَ ْﻔ ُ َ‬
‫ﺿ ِﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘِـٌﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘ ِﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}ﷲِ{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻳـَْﺮ َﺣ ُﻢ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻣ ْﻔ ُﻌ ْﻮٌل ﺑِِﻪ‬ ‫ﺼٍ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ ﻧَ ْ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ }ﻳـﺮﺣـﻤﻨﺎ{ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُ ْ ْ َْ َ ُ َ‬

‫ﺎب ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮ ُد ﻳـَ ْﻮًﻣﺎ ‪Seandainya saja masa muda itu akan kembali pada suatu hari‬‬
‫ﻟَْﻴـﺘَ َﻤﺎ اﻟﺸﱠﺒَ ُ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ﱠﺖ َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟْ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ و) َﻣﺎ( َﻛﺎﻓﱠﺔٌ َزاﺋِ َﺪةٌ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ف ﺗَـﻤ ٍﻦ وﻧَﺼ ٍ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ُﻛﻔ ْ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ َ ّ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻟَْﻴ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎب ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﱠﺒَ ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎب{‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘَﺘـٌﺮ َﺟ َﻮ ًازا ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪﻳْـُﺮﻩُ ُﻫ َﻮ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}اﻟﺸﱠﺒَ ُ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‪َ ,‬واﻟْ َﻔ ُ َ‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫ﻳـﻮﻣﺎ ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َزَﻣ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬ ‫َْ ً‬
‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ }ﻳـﻌﻮد{ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﺧﺒـﺮ اﻟْﻤﺒـﺘﺪأِ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ُ ْ ْ َُْ ُ‬

‫‪- 32 -‬‬
‫ﺗَـﻮاﺑِﻊ اﻟْﻤﺮﻓُـﻮ َﻋ ِ‬
‫ﺎت‬ ‫َ ُ َْ ْ‬

‫ﺖ‪/‬اَ ِّ‬
‫ﻟﺼ َﻔﺔُ‬ ‫ﱠﻌ ُ‬
‫‪ {۱‬اَﻟﻨـ ْ‬

‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﺣ ِﻘْﻴ ِﻘ ﱞﻲ َو َﺳﺒَﺎﺑِ ﱞـﻲ‬


‫ﺎت ﻣْﺘـﺒـﻮ ِﻋ ِﻪ وﻫﻮ ﻗِﺴﻤ ِ‬
‫ِ ِ ِ ٍِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﱠﻌ ُ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َ ﺑ ٌﻊ ﻳُ ْﺬ َﻛُﺮ ﻟﺒَـﻴَﺎن ﺻ َﻔﺔ ﻣ ْﻦ ﺻ َﻔ َ ُ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ‬ ‫اَﻟﻨـ ْ‬
‫‪1.Naat(Sifat) adalah : Pengikut yang disebutkan untuk menjelaskan sifat dari sifat-sifat yang‬‬
‫‪diikutinya, dan naat(sifat) itu terbagi kepada dua bagian yaitu Haqiqiy dan Sababiy.‬‬
‫ﺻ َﻔ ٍﺔ ﻓِـﻲ ﻧـَ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺲ َﻣْﺘـﺒُـ ْﻮﻋِ ِﻪ‬ ‫اَﻟﻨـﱠﻌﺖ اﻟْـﺤ ِﻘﻴ ِﻘﻲ ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﻳ ُﺪ ﱡل ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ْ ُ َْ ﱡ َ َ َ‬
‫‪Naat Haqiqiy ialah : Sesuatu yang menunjukkan atas sifat pada isim yang diikutinya.‬‬

‫ﺖ اﻟْـ َﺤ ِﻘْﻴ ِﻘ ﱡﻲ ﺛَﻼَﺛَﺔُ أَﻧْـ َﻮ ٍاع ‪ُ :‬ﻣ ْﻔَﺮٌد) َﻣﺎ َﻛﺎ َن َﻏْﻴـَﺮ ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ( َو ِﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ َو ُﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔٌ‬
‫ﱠﻌ ُ‬
‫اَﻟﻨـ ْ‬
‫‪Na’at Haqiqiy terbagi tiga jenis yaitu Na’at Mufrod (bentuknya bukan kalimat) dan Na’at Syibhul‬‬
‫‪Jumlah dan Na’at Kalimat‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِﻘ ْﻴ ِﻘ ِّﻲ اﻟ ُْﻤ ْﻔ َﺮِد اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ِع َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟﻨـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﱠﻌﺖ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ـﺠ ِﺪﻳْ ُﺪ ‪Telah hadir seorang guru laki-laki yang baru‬‬
‫س اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫اﻟْـﺠ ِﺪﻳ ُﺪ ‪:‬ﻧـَﻌﺖ ﻟِْﻠ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ ٌْ‬
‫ﺎن اﻟْـﺠ ِﺪﻳ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ان ‪Telah hadir dua orang guru laki-laki yang baru‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َ ْ‬ ‫َﺣ َ َ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮﻧُﻌِﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـﻨْ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺖ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ـﺠﺪﻳْ َﺪان‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن اﻟْ ُ‬
‫ـﺠ ُﺪ ُد ‪Telah hadir beberapa orang guru laki-laki yang baru‬‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺖ ﻟِْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ ُﺪ ُد ‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟْ ُ‬
‫ـﺠ ِﺪﻳْ َﺪةُ ‪Telah hadir seorang guru perempuan yang baru‬‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ﺣ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْـﺠ ِﺪﻳ َﺪةُ ‪ :‬ﻧـَﻌﺖ ﻟِﻠْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ٌْ‬ ‫َ ْ‬
‫ـﺠ ِﺪﻳْ َﺪ َ ِن ‪Telah hadir dua orang guru perempuan yang baru‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَﺎن اﻟْ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ّ ََ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﺖ ﻟﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ـﺠﺪﻳْ َﺪ َ ن ‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫ات ‪Telah hadir beberapa orang guru perempuan yang baru‬‬ ‫ت اﻟْﻤﺪ ِرﺳﺎت اﻟْ ِ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ـﺠﺪﻳْ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ ُ َ ّ َ ُ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬
‫ﺣ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﺎت ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟْـﺠ ِﺪﻳ َﺪات ‪ :‬ﻧـَﻌ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ ﻟﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫َ ْ ُ ٌْ‬
‫‪- 33 -‬‬
‫ﺟ ْـﻤﻠَ ٍﺔ( ‪Adapun na’at yang berbentuk Syibhul Jumlah‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫‪ُ ) harus‬ﺟ ْـﻤﻠَﺔ( ‪) dan Na’at yang berbentuk Kalimat‬ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُ‬
‫‪terletak setelah Isim Yang Nakiroh.‬‬
‫ـﺤ ِﻘ ْﻴ ِﻘ ِّﻲ اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ِع ِﻣ ْﻦ ِﺷ ْﺒ ِﻪ اﻟْـ ُﺠـ ْﻤﻠَ ِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ﺟـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟﻨـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﱠﻌﺖ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ـﺠﻠِﺲ َوﻟَ ٌﺪ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻘ َﻌ ِﺪ ‪Anak laki-laki itu duduk diatas bangku‬‬
‫ﻳَ ْ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻳـﺠﻠِﺲ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ ُ ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫َوﻟَ ٌﺪ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤﻞﱠ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻋﻠَﻰ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ـﺠﺮور ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ب} َﻋﻠَﻰ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻘ َﻌﺪ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻣ ْ ُ ْ ٌ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟِْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ } َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻘ َﻌﺪ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ِ‬

‫ﺴ ِﺠ ِﺪ ‪Laki-laki itu berdiri didepan masjid‬‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺎم َر ُﺟ ٌﻞ أ ََﻣ َﺎم اﻟْ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺎم ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َر ُﺟ ٌﻞ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎن(ﻣْﻨﺼﻮب وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ِ‬ ‫أَﻣﺎم ‪ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌﻮٌل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ)ﻇَﺮ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜ َ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ ْ‬ ‫ََ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﺎف إِﻟَﻴ ِﻪ ﻣـﺠﺮور وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ ﺟ ِﺮﻩِ اﻟْ َﻜﺴﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ﻀ ٌ ْ َ ْ ٌُْ َ َ َ َ ّ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻤ ْﺴﺠﺪ ‪ُ :‬ﻣ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟِﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ }أ ََﻣ َﺎم اﻟْ َﻤ ْﺴﺠﺪ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ِ‬

‫ﺳ ِﺔ ‪Perempuan itu berdiri bersama guru perempuan‬‬ ‫ِ‬


‫ﻗَ َﺎﻣﺖ ْاﻣَﺮأةٌ َﻣ َﻊ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺎﻣﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻣﺮأةٌ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﺼﺒِﻪ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ َﺤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ب َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ ﻧَ ْ‬ ‫ﺼ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ف َﻣ َﻜﺎن( َﻣْﻨ ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻔﻌُ ْﻮٌل ﻓْﻴﻪ)ﻇَْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َﻣ َﻊ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِﺔ ‪ :‬ﻣﻀ ٌ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ـﺠُﺮْوٌر َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴﻪ َﻣ ْ‬ ‫ُ َّ ُ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟِْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫َو ﺷْﺒﻪُ ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔ } َﻣ َﻊ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬

‫ـﺠ ْﻤﻠَ ِﺔ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ اﻟْ ِ ِ‬


‫ـﺤﻘ ْﻴﻘ ِّﻲ اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ِع ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ ُ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﱠﻌ ِ‬ ‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟﻨـ ْ‬
‫ﺟـ ِﻤْﻴـﻠَﺔٌ ‪Taman ini bunga-bunganya indah‬‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫َﻫﺬﻩ َﺣﺪﻳْـ َﻘﺔٌ أَْزَﻫﺎ ُرَﻫﺎ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ أَﱠوٌل‬‫َﻫﺬﻩ ‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﺣﺪﻳْـ َﻘﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ ْاﻷَﱠوِل َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫أ َْزَﻫ ُﺎر ‪ُ :‬ﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ َ ٍن َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﺟ ِـﻤْﻴـﻠَﺔٌ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـُﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧـﻰ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟِـ َﺨﺒَـ ِﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأِ ْاﻷَﱠوِل‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اﺳـﻤﻴﱠﺔٌ } أ َْزَﻫ ُﺎرَﻫﺎ َﺟـﻤْﻴـﻠَﺔٌ{ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫وﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ِ‬
‫َُْ ْ‬
‫ﺣ ْﻮ َن ‪Para Anak laki-laki itu pulang dengan gembira‬‬
‫َر َﺟ َﻊ أ َْوﻻَ ٌد ﻳـَ ْﻔَﺮ ُ‬
‫َر َﺟ َﻊ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫أ َْوﻻَ ٌد ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴ ِﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳـ ْﻔﺮﺣﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓِﻌﻞ ﻣﻀﺎ ِرع ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ﺛـُﺒـﻮت اﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ِن ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﻓْـ َﻌﺎل اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ ُ َ ٌ َْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫َ َ ُْ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﻳـَ ُﻌ ْﻮُد َﻋﻠَﻰ}أ َْوﻻٌَد{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ َ‬ ‫ـﺠ َﻤ َ‬
‫َو َو ُاو اﻟْ َ‬
‫و ﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ }ﻳـ ْﻔﺮﺣﻮ َن{ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻧـَﻌﺖ ﻟِْﻠ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ‬ ‫َََّ ْ ٌ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ َ َ ُ ْ‬
‫ﺎت ﻳـَ ْﻔَﺮ ْﺣ َﻦ ‪Para Anak Perempuan itu pulang dengan gembira‬‬
‫ﺖ ﺑـَﻨَ ٌ‬
‫َر َﺟ َﻌ ْ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ‬
‫َر َﺟ َﻌ ْ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺑـَﻨَ ٌ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ِرعٌ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮ ِن‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻳـَ ْﻔَﺮ ْﺣ َﻦ‬
‫‪- 34 -‬‬
‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ث( ِ‬ ‫و ﻧـُﻮ ُن اﻟﻨِّﺴﻮةِ )ﻧـُﻮ ُن ِْ‬
‫اﻹ َ ِ‬
‫َََّ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ْ َْ ْ‬
‫و ﺟـﻤﻠَﺔٌ ﻓِﻌﻠِﻴﱠﺔٌ }ﻳـ ْﻔﺮﺣﻦ{ ﻓِـﻲ ﻣـﺤ ِﻞ رﻓْ ٍﻊ ﻧـَﻌﺖ ﻟِﻠْ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋﻞِ‬ ‫َََّ ْ ٌ‬ ‫َ ُْ ْ َ َ ْ َ‬
‫ﻂ ِ ﻟْ َﻤْﺘـﺒُـ ْﻮِع‪َ ,‬وﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن َداﺋِ ًﻤﺎ ُﻣ ْﻔَﺮًدا َوﻳـَْﺘـﺒَ ُﻊ َﻣْﺘـﺒُـ ْﻮ َﻋﻪُ ﻓِـﻲ إِ ْﻋَﺮاﺑِِﻪ َو ﺗَـ ْﻌ ِﺮﻳْ ِﻔ ِﻪ َوﺗَـْﻨ ِﻜ ِْﲑﻩِ َوﻳـَْﺘـﺒَ ُﻊ َﻣﺎ ﺑـَ ْﻌ َﺪﻩُ ﻓِـﻲ‬
‫ﺻ َﻔ ٍﺔ ﻓِْﻴﻤـَﺎ ﻟَﻪُ ْارﺗِﺒَ ٌ‬
‫اَﻟﻨـﱠﻌﺖ اﻟْﺴﺒﺒِـﻲ ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﻳ ُﺪ ﱡل ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ْ ُ ََ ﱡ َ َ َ‬
‫ﺗَﺬْﻛِْﻴـ ِﺮﻩِ َو َْﻧِْﻴﺜِ ِﻪ‬
‫‪Naat Sababiy adalah : Sesuatu yang menunjukkan atas sifat pada kata yang memiliki hubungan‬‬
‫‪dengan kata yang di ikutinya dan bentuk Na’at Sababiy senantiasa Mufrod dan dia mengikuti kata yang‬‬
‫‪diikutinya pada I’irobnya dan Ma’rifahnya dan pada Nakirohnya dan mengikuti kata yang setelahnya‬‬
‫‪pada Muzakkar dan Muannastnya.‬‬

‫ﺴﺒَﺒِ ِّـﻲ اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ِع َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟﻨـ ْ‬


‫ﱠﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻦ أَﺑـُ ْﻮﻩُ ‪Telah datang seorang siswa yang baik ayahnya‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ َ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻄَﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬
‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ َﺴ ُﻦ‬‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ اﺳﻢ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴﺔ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫َﺳ َـﻤﺎء اﻟْ َ‬
‫ُ ٌْ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓَ ٌ‬ ‫أَﺑـُ ْﻮ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ِﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُه‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻦ أَﺑـُ ْﻮُﻫ َـﻤﺎ ‪Telah datang dua orang siswa yang baik ayah mereka berdua‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎن اﻟْ َ‬
‫ـﺤ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓـُ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫ـﺤ َﺴ ُﻦ ‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ اﺳﻢ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴﺔ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫َﺳ َـﻤﺎء اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ُ ٌْ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫أَﺑـُ ْﻮ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ٌ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫـﻤﺎ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻦ أَﺑـُ ْﻮُﻫ ْﻢ ‪Telah datang beberapa orang siswa yang baik ayah mereka‬‬
‫ـﺤ َ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻄُﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ب اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ب ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟِْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓـُ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ـﺤ َﺴ ُﻦ ‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ اﺳﻢ ِﻣﻦ ْاﻷ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺨ ْﻤ َﺴﺔ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫َﺳ َـﻤﺎء اﻟْ َ‬
‫ُ ٌْ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫أَﺑـُ ْﻮ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ٌ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫـﻢ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُْ‬
‫ﺴﻨَﺔُ أُﱡﻣﻪُ ‪Telah datang seorang siswa yang baik ibunya‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫ـﺤ َ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ َ‬
‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻪ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻓ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻞ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ َﺴﻨَ ُ َ ْ ٌ َ َ ﱞ ْ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ْ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ِ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ـﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫‪:‬‬ ‫ﺔ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓـُ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫أُمﱞ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ِﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُه‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻨَﺔُ أُﱡﻣ ُﻬ َﻤﺎ ‪Telah datang dua orang siswa yang baik ibu mereka berdua‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَﺎن اﻟْ َ‬
‫ـﺤ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺎن‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ َﺴﻨَﺔُ‬‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔ ٍﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬ ٍﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻟِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓَ ٌ‬ ‫أُمﱞ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ َـﻤﺎ‬

‫‪- 35 -‬‬
‫ﺴﻨَﺔُ أُﱡﻣ ُﻬ ْﻢ ‪Telah datang beberapa orang siswa yang baik ibu mereka‬‬
‫ـﺤ َ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟﻄُﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ب اﻟْ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ب‬‫اﻟﻄُﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ َﺴﻨَﺔُ‬‫اﻟْ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓَ ٌ‬ ‫أُمﱞ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ ْـﻢ‬
‫َﺧ َﻮاﺗُﻪُ ‪Laki-Laki ini banyak saudari-saudari perempuannya‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﻫ َﺬا َر ُﺟ ٌﻞ َﻛﺜْﻴ َـﺮةٌ أ َ‬
‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺬا‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َر ُﺟ ٌﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟﻠْ َﺨﺒَـ ِﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َﻛﺜْﻴ َـﺮةٌ ‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ات ‪ :‬ﻓَ ٌ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻮ ُ‬ ‫أَ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﱠﺼﻞ ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻀ ِﻢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُه‬
‫إﺧ َﻮﺗُـ َﻬﺎ ‪Perempuan ini banyak saudara-saudara laki-lakinya‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬
‫َﻫﺬﻩ ْاﻣَﺮأَةٌ َﻛﺜْﻴ ٌـﺮ ْ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻫ ِﺬﻩِ‬
‫‪ :‬ا ْﺳ ُﻢ إ َﺷﺎرةٍ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴ ِﺮ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ‬ ‫َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْاﻣَﺮأَةٌ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋﻼََﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺜِْﻴ ٌـﺮ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ َﺳﺒَﺒِ ﱞـﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﺨﺒَـ ِﺮ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻧـَ ْﻌ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِﻞ ﻟِ ِ ٍ‬ ‫إِ ْﺧ َﻮةُ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺼ َﻔﺔ ُﻣ َﺸﺒﱠـ َﻬﺔ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ٌ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ‬

‫ْﻒ‬
‫‪{۲‬اَﻟ َْﻌﻄ ُ‬
‫ﻂ ﺑـﻴـﻨﻪ و ﺑـﲔ ﻣْﺘـﺒـﻮ ِﻋ ِﻪ أَﺣ ُﺪ أ ِ‬
‫ف اﻟْﻌﻄْ ِ‬
‫ﻒ‬ ‫َﺣُﺮ َ‬ ‫ﻒ َ ﺑِ ٌﻊ ﻳَـﺘَـ َﻮ ﱠﺳ ُ َْ َ ُ َ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َ ْ‬
‫اَﻟْ َﻌﻄْ ُ‬
‫‪2. Athof adalah : Pengikut dan yang diikutinya dipisahkan dengan salah satu huruf-huruf athof.‬‬
‫اَﻟْ َﻮ ُاو‪ -‬اَﻟْ َﻔﺎءُ – ﺛـُ ﱠﻢ‪ -‬أ َْو‪-‬أ َْم‪ -‬ﻟَ ِﻜ ْﻦ‪ -‬ﻻَ ‪ -‬ﺑَ ْﻞ‪َ -‬ﺣﺘﱠـﻰ‬
‫ْﻒ َو أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤﻠِﻬﺎ َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬
‫ف اﻟ َْﻌﻄ ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨـﻰ أَﺣﺮ ِ‬
‫َ َْ ْ ُ‬
‫اَﻟ َْﻮ ُاو ‪ :‬ﻟِ ُﻤﻄْﻠَ ِﻖ اﻟـْ َﺠ ْﻤ ِﻊ‬
‫ﺐ ‪Guru laki-laki itu pergi dengan seorang siswa‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫س َو اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺐ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬‫َذ َﻫ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َذ َﻫ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َو‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Guru laki-laki itu pergi dengan dua orang siswa‬‬ ‫ذَﻫﺐ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرس و اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ َ ُ َُّ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ذَ َﻫ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َو‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜـَﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ب ‪Guru laki-laki itu pergi dengan beberapa orang siswa‬‬ ‫س َو اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬‫َذ َﻫ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َذ َﻫ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َو‬
‫‪- 36 -‬‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ب ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺳﺔُ َو اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَﺔُ ‪Guru perempuan itu pergi dengan seorang siswi‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َذ َﻫﺒَﺖ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫َذ َﻫﺒَﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ف َﻋﻄْﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َو‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒَﺔُ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Guru perempuan itu pergi dengan dua orang siswi‬‬ ‫ﺖ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ و اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒـﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ذَ َﻫﺒَ ُ ّ َ َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ذَ َﻫﺒَﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َو‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟِﺒـﺘَ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Guru perempuan itu pergi dengan beberapa orang siswi‬‬ ‫َذ َﻫﺒَﺖ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ َو اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ذَ َﻫﺒَﺖ ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ف َﻋﻄْﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫َو‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟﺒَ ُ‬
‫ﺐ‬‫ﱠﻌ ِﻘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻣ َﻊ اﻟﺘـ ْ‬ ‫اَﻟْ َﻔﺎءُ ‪ :‬ﻟِﻠﺘـ ْﱠﺮﺗِْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻞ ‪Guru keluar, lalu para siswa keluar dari kelas‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮج اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرس ﻓَﺎﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ِ‬
‫ب ﻣ َﻦ اﻟْ َﻔ ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ََ َ ُ ّ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫َﺧَﺮ َج ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرس ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ ُّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ف َﻋﻄْﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫ف‬‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ب ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف َﺟ ٍﺮ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِﻣ َﻦ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ ّ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻔﺼ ِﻞ ‪ :‬اِﺳﻢ ﻣـﺠﺮور ِ ِ‬
‫ب}ﻣ ْﻦ{ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َﺟِّﺮﻩ اﻟْ َﻜ ْﺴَﺮةُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ َ ْ ٌُْ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘـﱠﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﺛـُ ﱠﻢ ‪ :‬ﻟﻠﺘـ ْﱠﺮﺗ ْﻴ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫ب ‪Para guru laki-laki telah datang kemudian para siswa‬‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ﺛـُ ﱠﻢ اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺟﺎءَ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ﻋﻮض ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫َ ٌ َ ْ َْ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫ﺛـُ ﱠﻢ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋِ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ب ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﱡﻼﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ِّ‬
‫ﻚ‬ ‫أ َْو ‪:‬ﻟِﻠﺘﱠ ْﺨﻴِـ ْﻴـ ِﺮ أَ ِو اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ‪Si Zaid yang Absen atau si Ali‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺐ َزﻳْ ٌﺪ أ َْو َﻋﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ﺗَـﻐَﻴﱠ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ﺗَـﻐَﻴﱠ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫أ َْو ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ف ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ َ‬
‫ﲔ‬‫ﱠﻌﻴِ ْ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟﺘـ ْ‬ ‫أ َْم ‪ :‬ﻟِﻄَﻠَ ِ‬
‫ﻒ‪...‬؟ ?‪Apakah kamu seorang guru ataukah seorang pegawai...‬‬ ‫ﺖ أ َْم ُﻣ َﻮﻇﱠ ٌ‬ ‫س أَﻧْ َ‬ ‫أَ ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫اﺳﺘِ ْﻔ َﻬ ٍﺎم َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ }َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ف ْ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫أَ‬
‫‪- 37 -‬‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ﱠم َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫س ‪َ :‬ﺧﺒَـٌﺮ ُﻣ َﻘﺪ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﺪ ِّر ٌ‬
‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َرﻓْ ٍﻊ ُﻣْﺒـﺘَ َﺪأٌ ُﻣ َﺆ ﱠﺧٌﺮ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫أَﻧْﺖ ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣْﻨـ َﻔﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْاﻹ ْﻋَﺮاب{‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ف َﻋﻄْﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن }َﻻ َﻣ َ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬ ‫أ َْم‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ـﺨ َِﱪ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﻘﺪِﱠم َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َ‬ ‫ﻒ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُﻣ َﻮﻇﱠ ٌ‬
‫َﻜﻦ ‪ :‬ﻟِﻼﺳﺘِ ْﺪر ِ‬
‫اك‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َ‬ ‫ﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪Bukan si Zaid yang tidak hadir tetapi si Ali‬‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ﻟَﻜ ْﻦ َﻋﻠ ﱞ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ َﺣ َ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٍﻲ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬ ‫ﻟَ ِﻜ ْﻦ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َﻋﻠِ ﱞﻲ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻻَ ‪ :‬ﻟِﻠﻨﱠـ ْﻔ ِﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻻَ َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ‪Si Ali yang telah menikah bukan si Zaid‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺗَـَﺰﱠو َج َﻋﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺘْ ِﺢ‬‫ﺗَـَﺰﱠو َج ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻻَ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َزﻳْ ٌﺪ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اﻹﺑْﻄَ ِ‬ ‫ﺎل أَ ِو ِْ‬ ‫اب )ﻟِﻼﻧْﺘِ َﻘ ِ‬ ‫ﺿﺮ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎل(‬ ‫ﺑَ ْﻞ ‪ :‬ﻟ ْ ِﻺ ْ َ‬
‫َﺣ َـﻤ ُﺪ ‪Zaid datang,bahkan ahmad yang telah datang‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﺟﺎءَ َﻋﻠ ﱞﻲ ﺑَ ْﻞ أ ْ‬
‫َﺟﺎءَ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻋﻠِﻲ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫َ ﱞ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺑَ ْﻞ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ف َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َﺣ َـﻤ ُﺪ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ‬
‫أْ‬
‫َﺣﺘﱠـﻰ ‪ :‬ﻟِﻠْﻐَﺎﻳَِﺔ‬
‫ﺣﺘﱠـﻰ اﻟْ َﻘﺎﺋِ ُﺪ ‪Musuh lari sampai pemimpinnya‬‬ ‫ﻓَـﱠﺮ اﻟْ َﻌ ُﺪ ﱡو َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬‫ﻓَـﱠﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻌ ُﺪ ﱡو ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻒ َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن}َﻻ َﻣ َ ِ ِ‬
‫اﻹ ْﻋﺮ ِ‬
‫اب{‬ ‫ف َﻋﻄْ ٍ‬
‫ـﺤ ﱠﻞ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣ َﻦ ْ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﺣﺘﱠـﻰ ‪َ :‬ﺣ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ف ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اﻟْ َﻘﺎﺋ ُﺪ ‪َ :‬ﻣ ْﻌﻄُْﻮ ٌ َ‬

‫‪{۳‬اَﻟﺘـ ْﱠﻮﻛِْﻴ ُﺪ‬

‫ﺴ ِﺎﻣﻊ وﻫﻮ ﻗِﺴﻤـ ِ‬


‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻟَْﻔ ِﻈ ﱞﻲ َو َﻣ ْﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱞ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اَﻟﺘـ ْﱠﻮﻛِْﻴ ُﺪ‬
‫ي‬ ‫َ ﺑ ٌﻊ ﻳُ ْﺬ َﻛُﺮ ﺑَـ ْﻌ َﺪ َﻣْﺘـﺒُـ ْﻮﻋﻪ ﻟﻴُـ َﺆّﻛ َﺪﻩُ َو ﻳُِﺰﻳْ َﻞ َﻣﺎ ﻳـُ ْﻤﻜ ُﻦ أَ ْن ﻳَـﺘَـ َﻮﱠﳘَﻪُ اﻟ ﱠ ُ َ ُ َ ْ َ‬
‫‪3. Taukid adalah : Pengikut yang disebutkan setelah yang diikutinya untuk menegaskannya dan‬‬
‫‪menghilangkan apa yang masih samar oleh yang mendengarkan dan taukid itu terbagi dua bahagian‬‬
‫‪yaitu Taukid Lafzhiy dan Taukid Ma’nawiy.‬‬

‫ﺿ ِـﻤْﻴـًﺮا أ َْم ﻓِ ْﻌﻼً أ َْم َﺣ ْﺮﻓًﺎ أ َْم ُﺟـ ْﻤﻠَﺔً‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِِ‬ ‫ٍ ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن ﺑِﺘﻜَْﺮا ِر ُﻣ َﺆﱠﻛﺪ ﺑِﻠَ ْﻔﻈﻪ أ َْو ﺑِـ ُﻤَﺮادﻓﻪ َﺳ َﻮاءٌ أَ َﻛﺎ َن ْ‬
‫اﺳ ًـﻤﺎ ﻇَﺎﻫًﺮا أ َْم َ‬
‫‪Taukid Lafzhiy bentuknya dengan mengulangi kata yang dikuatkan dengan lafaznya tersebut atau‬‬
‫‪dengan sema’na dengannya, sama saja apakah kata tersebut isim zhohir atau isim dhomir, atau fi’il(kata‬‬
‫‪kerja) atau huruf ataupun kalimat.‬‬

‫‪- 38 -‬‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜِﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟﺘﱠـ ْﻮﻛِْﻴ ِﺪ اﻟﻠﱠ ْﻔ ِﻈ ِّﻲ اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ِع َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬
‫س ‪Guru laki-laki,Guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫س‪ ,‬اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَ ْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ﺎن‪ ,‬اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang guru laki-laki, Dua orang guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬ ‫َﺣ َ َ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ‪,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُُ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪Para guru laki-laki, Para guru laki-laki telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن‪ ,‬اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ٌَ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَ ْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻟﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺳﺔُ ‪Guru perempuan, Guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ‪ ,‬اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَ ْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺎن ‪Dua orang guru perempuan, Dua orang guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﺎن‪ ,‬اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ت اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ُ َّ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ُ ّ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْﲔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ّ ََ‬
‫اﻻﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﻔﺮدِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘَ ِ‬
‫ْ َُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬ ‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎت ‪Para guru perempuan, Para guru perempuan telah hadir‬‬ ‫ﺎت‪ ,‬اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮن اﻟﱠﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ﻻﻟْﺘ َﻘﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋﻼَ َﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َوﻋَ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺎت ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺎت ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ ﻟَ ْﻔﻈ ﱞﻲ ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﺎظ اْﻵﺗِﻴَ ِﺔ ‪:‬‬ ‫ي ﻳ ُﻜﻮ ُن َِْﻷَﻟْ َﻔ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟﺘﱠـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ُﺪ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱡ َ ْ‬
‫ﲔ)ﻟِ ِْﻺﻓْـَﺮ ِاد(‬ ‫ﺲ َو َﻋ ٌْ‬ ‫ﻧـَ ْﻔ ٌ‬
‫ﻛِﻼَ َو ﻛِْﻠﺘَﺎ )ﻟِﻠﺘﱠـﺜْﻨِﻴَ ِﺔ(‬
‫َﺟـ ِﻤْﻴ ٌﻊ َو ُﻛﻞﱞ َو َﻋﺎ ﱠﻣﺔٌ )ﻟِﻠْ َﺠ ْﻤ ِﻊ(‬
‫ﲔ )ﻟِﻠﺘﱠـﺜْﻨِﻴَ ِﺔ َواﻟْـ َﺠ ْﻤ ِﻊ(‬ ‫ﺲ َوأ َْﻋ ُ ٌ‬ ‫أَﻧْـ ُﻔ ٌ‬
‫ي اﻟ َْﻤ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ِع َﻣ َﻊ إِ ْﻋ َﺮاﺑـَِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫أ َْﻣﺜﻠَﺔُ ُﺟ َـﻤ ِﻞ اﻟﺘﱠـ ْﻮﻛ ْﻴﺪ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ِّ‬
‫ﺴﻪُ ‪Guru laki-laki telah hadir sendiriannya‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫س ﻧـَ ْﻔ ُ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫س ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋِ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻧـَ ْﻔﺲ ‪ :‬ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٌﺪ ﻣﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱞ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ي ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ْ ْ َْ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَﻴﻪِ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ٍ‬
‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻞ‬ ‫ـﺤ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ـﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀ‬
‫ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ـﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻣ‬
‫َ ْ ٌ ُ ٌ َ ْ ﱞ ََ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﱠﺼ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺿ‬ ‫‪:‬‬ ‫ُه‬
‫َ َ ّ َّ ُ َ ٌ ْ‬
‫ﺎن ﻛِﻼَ ُﻫ َـﻤﺎ ‪Dua orang guru laki-laki telah hadir keduanya‬‬ ‫ﻀﺮ اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳ ِ‬
‫َﺣ َ َ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫‪- 39 -‬‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬
‫اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟِﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٌﺪ ﻣﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱞ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻛِﻼَ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣ ْﻠ َﺤ ٌﻖ ِ ﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫ي ﻟﻠْ َﻔ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ْ َْ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ َـﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻬ ْﻢ ‪Para guru laki-laki telah hadir mereka semuanya‬‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮ اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن أَﻧْـ ُﻔ ُ‬‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮ ‪ :‬ﻓِ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﺟـﻤﻊ ﻣ َﺬ ﱠﻛ ٍﺮ ﺳﺎﻟِـﻢ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ﻋﻮض ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫َ ٌ َ ْ َْ ٌ‬ ‫ُ َُْ ُ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟْ َﻮ ُاو ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫اَﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر ُﺳ ْﻮ َن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬‫ي ﻟِﻠْ َﻔ ِ‬‫ﺲ ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛِْﻴ ٌﺪ َﻣ ْﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱞ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫أَﻧْـ ُﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ ﻋَﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺴ َﻬﺎ ‪Guru perempuan telah hadir sendiriannya‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ّر َﺳﺔُ ﻧـَ ْﻔ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ﻻﻟْﺘ َﻘﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛﻨَـ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺔُ ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧﺮﻩ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ي ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺲ ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ َﻣ ْﻌﻨَﻮ ﱞ‬ ‫ﻧـَ ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻫﺎ‬
‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻫ َـﻤﺎ ‪Dua orang guru perempuan telah hadir keduanya‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳﺘَﺎن ﻛ ْﻠﺘَ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْﲔِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎض َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪َ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎءُ َﻋﻼََﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧْﻴﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫َﺣ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫اﻻ ْﺳ ِﻢ اﻟْ ُﻤ ْﻔَﺮِد‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ ِﻷَﻧﱠﻪ ﻣﺜَـﻨـﻰ‪ ,‬واﻟﻨـﱡﻮ ُن ِﻋﻮض ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟﺘﱠـْﻨ ِﻮﻳ ِﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ِ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ٌ َ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻧِﻴَﺎﺑَﺔً َﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ِ‬
‫ع َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ ْاﻷَﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺘ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎن ‪ :‬ﻓَﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ُ ّ ََ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ِﻞ ﻣﺮﻓُـﻮع وﻋ َﻼﻣﺔُ رﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ ْاﻷَﻟﻒ ﻧِﻴﺎﺑﺔً ﻋ ِﻦ اﻟ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫‪ :‬ﺗَـﻮﻛِﻴ ٌﺪ ﻣﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱞ ِ‬ ‫ﻛِْﻠﺘَﺎ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔ ﻷَﻧﱠﻪُ ُﻣ ْﻠ َﺤ ٌﻖ ِ ﻟْ ُﻤﺜَـﻨﱠـﻰ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ُ ََ َ‬ ‫ي ﻟ ْﻠ َﻔ َ ْ ْ ٌ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ْ ْ َْ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜ ْﻮن ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ َـﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻬ ﱠﻦ ‪Para Guru perempuan telah hadir mereka semuanya‬‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت اﻟْ ُﻤ َﺪ ِّر َﺳ ُ‬
‫ﺎت أَﻧْـ ُﻔ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬
‫ف َﻣْﺒﻨِ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺴ ُﻜﻮ ِن اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ُﺣ ِﺮَك إِﻟَـﻰ اﻟْ َﻜﺴ ِﺮ َﻣْﻨـ ًﻌﺎ ِﻻﻟْﺘِ َﻘ ِﺎء اﻟ ﱠﺴﺎﻛِﻨَـ ْ ِ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺚ َﺣ ْﺮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺎض ﻣﺒﻨِـﻲ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ‪ ,‬واﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﻋﻼَﻣﺔُ اﻟﺘﱠﺄْﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫َ َُ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻀَﺮت ‪ :‬ﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻣ ٍ َ ْ ﱞ َ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ّ‬ ‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮةُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻋ ٌﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌِ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اَﻟْﻤ َﺪ ِرﺳﺎت ‪ :‬ﻓَ ِ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠ َ َ‬ ‫ُ َّ ُ‬
‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ﻀ ﱠﻤﺔُ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫَﺮةُ َﻋﻠَﻰ آﺧ ِﺮﻩِ َوُﻫ َﻮ ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺲ ‪ :‬ﺗَـ ْﻮﻛْﻴ ٌﺪ َﻣ ْﻌﻨَ ِﻮ ﱞ‬
‫ي ﻟﻠْ َﻔﺎﻋ ِﻞ َﻣ ْﺮﻓُـ ْﻮعٌ َو َﻋ َﻼ َﻣﺔُ َرﻓْﻌﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫أَﻧْـ ُﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺎف إِﻟَْﻴ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻀ ٌ‬ ‫ـﺤ ِّﻞ َﺟٍّﺮ ُﻣ َ‬‫ﺿﻤْﻴـٌﺮ ُﻣﺘﱠﺼ ٌﻞ َﻣْﺒﻨ ﱞـﻲ َﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْ َﻔْﺘ ِﺢ ﻓـﻲ َﻣ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻫ ﱠﻦ‬

‫‪ {٤‬اَﻟْﺒَ َﺪ ُل‬

‫ﲔ َﻣْﺘـﺒُـ ْﻮ ِﻋ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِ ٍ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮُد ِ ﻟْـ ُﺤ ْﻜ ِﻢ ﺑِﻼَ َواﺳﻄَﺔ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻪُ َوﺑَـ ْ َ‬
‫اَﻟْﺒَ َﺪ ُل ُﻫ َﻮ اﻟﺘﱠﺎﺑِ ُﻊ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻘ ُ‬
‫‪4. Badal adalah : Pengikut yang dimaksud dengan hukum(I’irob) tanpa perantara (huruf) antara badal‬‬
‫‪tersebut dan yang diikutinya.‬‬
‫اَﻟْﺒَ َﺪ ُل أ َْرﺑَـ َﻌﺔُ أَﻧْـ َﻮ ٍاع ‪ :‬ﺑَ َﺪ ٌل ُﻣﻄَﺎﺑِ ٌﻖ)ﺑَ َﺪ ُل َﺷْﻴ ٍﺊ ِﻣﻦ َﺷﻲ ٍء( َو ﺑَ َﺪ ُل ﺑَـ ْﻌ ٍ‬
‫ﺾ ِ