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2 Sample Test:

Analyze > Compare Means > Independent Sample T Test > Test Variable (Current Salary) > Grouping
Variable (Gender) > Define Groups > Group1 (Male) > Group2 (Female) > OK

Group Statistics

Gender N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Mean

Male 258 $41,441.78 $19,499.214 $1,213.968


Current Salary
Female 216 $26,031.92 $7,558.021 $514.258

Independent Samples Test

Levene's Test t-test for Equality of Means


for Equality of
Variances

F Sig. t Sig. (2-tailed) Mean Std. 95% Confidence Interval of


Difference Error the Difference
Differenc Lower Upper
e

Equal
119.66 $15,409.8 $1,407.9 $12,643.
variances .000 10.945 .000 $18,176.401
Curr 9 62 06 322
assumed
ent
Equal
Sala .06 (Changed
variances $15,409.8 $1,318.4 $12,816.
ry 11.688 for easy $18,002.996
not 62 00 728
understanding)
assumed

Write 3 Hypothesis and determine the p-value. Also define which t-statistic was used in the test.

As Levene’s Test is rejected for α =5% (as p-value is very close to 0.00%), we take inputs from Line 2
(Equal Variances not assumed) and T statistic is 11.688

H0 : µm-µ f= 0 H0 : µm-µf ≥ 0 H0 : µm-µf ≤ 0


HA : µm-µf ≠ 0 HA : µm-µ f< 0 HA : µm-µf > 0
p-value = 6% Redundant as salary of males are p-value = 3%
α =5%, do not reject H0 higher than females α =1%, do not reject H0
α =10%, reject H0 α =5%, reject H0

Employee data file was used for all simulations


ANOVA
Analyze > Compare Means > Means > Dependent list (Beginning Salary- Ratio/Scale/Interval) >
Independent list (Job Category- Nominal/Ordinal) > Ok

Report
Beginning Salary

Employment Category Mean N Std. Deviation

Clerical $14,096.05 363 $2,907.474


Custodial $15,077.78 27 $1,341.235
Manager $30,257.86 84 $9,980.979
Total $17,016.09 474 $7,870.638

Analyze > Compare Means > One way ANOVA > Dependent list (Beginning Salary) > Factor (Job
Category) > Post HOC (LSD) > Ok

ANOVA
Beginning Salary

Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig.

Between Groups 17925544532.297 2 8962772266.149 371.106 .000

Within Groups 11375360433.156 471 24151508.351

Total 29300904965.454 473

Multiple Comparisons
Dependent Variable: Beginning Salary
LSD

(I) (J) Mean Std. Error Sig. 95% Confidence Interval


Employment Employment Difference (I- Lower Bound Upper Bound
Category Category J)

Custodial -$981.731 $980.323 .317 -$2,908.08 $944.62


Clerical
Manager -$16,161.810* $595.022 .000 -$17,331.04 -$14,992.58
Clerical $981.731 $980.323 .317 -$944.62 $2,908.08
Custodial
Manager -$15,180.079* $1,087.207 .000 -$17,316.45 -$13,043.70
Clerical $16,161.810* $595.022 .000 $14,992.58 $17,331.04
Manager
Custodial $15,180.079* $1,087.207 .000 $13,043.70 $17,316.45

Employee data file was used for all simulations


From this we can write 3 hypothesis regarding the beginning salary of clerical, custodial and manager
post and determine which one is higher or which one is lower.

H0 : µcl=µcs H0 : µcs=µm H0 : µcl =µm


HA : µcl≠µcs HA : µcs≠µm HA : µcl ≠µm
p-value = 31.7% p-value = 0.00% p-value = 0.00%
α =15%, do not reject H0 α =1%, reject H0 α =1%, reject H0

So, we can conclude that the Manager’s salary is different from other two categories. Also from Mean
Difference column of Post Hoc table, we can conclude that Manager’s salary is higher than other two.

So, be a manager!! Voila!!!

CHI Square Test


H0 : There is no relation between the beginning salary and the gender of an employee
HA : There is relation between the beginning salary and the gender of an employee

Analyze > Descriptive Analysis > Crosstabs > Row (Gender-Nominal) > Column (Beginning Salary-
Nominal) > Statistics (Chi Square) > ok

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 284.771a 89 .000


Likelihood Ratio 366.954 89 .000
N of Valid Cases 474

Value of Chi Square is 284.771 and the corresponding p-value is 0.00%, we reject the H0

Employee data file was used for all simulations


Simple Linear Regression
Analyze > Regression > Linear > Dependent list (Beginning Salary) > Independent (Education Level) > Ok

Variables Entered/Removeda

Model Variables Entered Variables Removed Method

1 Educational Level (years)b . Enter

a. Dependent Variable: Beginning Salary


b. All requested variables entered.

Model Summary

Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate

1 .633a .401 .400 $6,098.259

a. Predictors: (Constant), Educational Level (years)

Coefficientsa

Model Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized t Sig.


Coefficients

B Std. Error Beta

(Constant) -6290.967 1340.920 -4.692 .000


1
Educational Level (years) 1727.528 97.197 .633 17.773 .000

a. Dependent Variable: Beginning Salary

Outputs:
Dependent Variable: Beginning Salary, Independent Variable: Education Level
R = 0.633
Adjusted R = 0.400
m = 1727.528
C = -6290.967
Standardized Coefficients Beta = .633 (if x changes by 1 SD, y will be changed by 0.633 SD
Population Slope Test ( if we can reject this, Model is considered to be good) (In this case, as p-
value is 0.00%, we reject Population Slope Test and Model is good)

Employee data file was used for all simulations