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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

Questão 01 - (UNIOESTE PR/2012)

Brazil police occupy Rio favela in World Cup operation

Brazilian security forces have occupied one of Rio de Janeiro's biggest slums as part of a major crackdown
ahead of the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics.
Some 800 police and special forces moved into the Mangueira shantytown, without needing to fire a shot, having
announced the raid in advance.
The slum - or favela - is close to Rio's famous Maracana stadium, where the World Cup final will be played.
The pre-dawn operation involved armoured vehicles and helicopters.
According to the newspaper, O Globo, leaflets were thrown out of the helicopters, some with photos of wanted
criminals.
Others were printed with the police special forces' telephone number so that residents could pass on information
about drugs traffickers or weapons.
BBC Brazil correspondent Paulo Cabral says most of Mangueira's residents co-operated with the operation, as
they want to rid the area of drug dealers.
He says that Rio's authorities are making an effort to gain the trust of those living in the slums, who – after
decades of abuse - have got used to seeing the police as their enemy.
Mangueira - home to one of Rio's most famous samba schools - is the 18th favela that the authorities have
occupied recently.
Adapted from : http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-13833037

The only option that does not contain an adjective used in the superlative form is:

a) Mangueira is one of Rio de Janeiro's biggest slums.


b) Mangueira is close to Rio's famous Maracanã stadium.
c) Mangueira is the home to one of Rio's most famous samba schools.
d) The oldest public park of Brazil is located in Rio de Janeiro.
e) Maracanã is known as one of the largest football stadiums in the world.

Texto comum às questões: 2, 3

‘She Has Shown She Is Not Afraid’

She has mended fences abroad, but is frustrated at home.


A pastor’s daughter growing in communist East Germany, Angela Merkel was trained as a physicist, who
concentrated on her science to the exclusion of all other pursuits. But Merkel, Germany’s first female chancellor,
has emerged as the most important leader in Europe, and enjoys the highest popularity rating of any German
leader in postwar history.
A lackluster campaigner, Merkel barely scraped into office two years ago, after forging an uneasy coalition linking
her Christian Democrats with their ideological rivals, the Social Democrats. Since taking office, she has been
actively engaged in framing a new global agenda, from climate change and energy security to sustaining 4,000
peacekeeping troops in Afghanistan – which for Germany would have been unthinkable just a decade ago.
Merkel has shown she is not afraid to defy conventional wisdom and her willingness to resist pressures from
media and business has bolstered her standing with the voters. But Merkel’s most serious challenges still lie
ahead of her. She has achieved record approval ratings on the strength of her foreign policy, but with economic
growth slowing and workers stepping up demands for higher wages, political pressures are mounting within
Merkel’s coalition to backtrack on the cuts in retirement benefits and other austerity measures that propelled the
recent recovery. And while her coalition has responded to the country’s plunging birthrate and aging population by
extending the retirement age to 67, Merkel has been frustrated in her efforts to carry out a wider restructuring of
the German economy.
(Adapted from “She Has Shown She Is Not Afraid,” Statesmanship,
Newsweek/October 29, 2007, page 19.)

Questão 02 - (UFAL/2008) In the last sentence of the text,.”the -ing words “plunging,” “aging,” “extending,” and
“restructuring” function, consecutively, as

a) adjective – adjective – verb – noun.


b) noun – noun – adjective – verb.
c) verb – verb – noun – adjective.
d) adjective – noun – adjective – verb.
e) noun – adjective – verb – noun.
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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

Questão 03 - (UFAL/2008) The phrase that is in the comparative degree of superiority is

a) the most important leader in the world.


b) Merkel’s most serious challenges.
c) a popular and effective leader.
d) demands for higher wages.
e) the highest popularity rating.

Questão 04 - (PUC RS/2008)

English sculptor Anish Kapoor, one of the greatest active artists in our time, was born in India in 1954.
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Having built an impressive oeuvre over the past three decades, today Kapoor stands out as a sculptor in the
strictest sense of the word: he has introduced sculpture in a new aesthetic and technical scale by incorporating
techniques – appropriated from architecture, aeronautics, and the heavy industry – to the support.
Anish Kapoor’s forms and sculptures are apparently deceiving; they seem quite simple in terms of form, yet they
convey, each of them, a dizzying complexity of natural elements, technique, aesthetic and finishing. Brazilian poet
Antonio Cicero once told me that finishing accounts for 50% of a poetic creation.
I have become deeply aware of this fact. In Kapoor’s work, it accounts for even more. For example, When I am
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Pregnant, is a work shrouded by a thin and Fastidiously finished layer of plaster; it is a subtle protuberance on
the wall, enunciating a bulging form that in itself heralds creation and the sublime. It is art, wanting to be born.
(Source: Cultural Project of Banco do Brasil, 2006)

From the content of the text, one can infer the best synonym for the adjective “fastidiously” (REF.2) is

a) meticulously, carefully taken care of in every detail.


b) freely, in a way that it is not controlled or limited.
c) disinterestedly, not influenced by personal opinions.
d) vehemently, showing very strong feelings.
e) impulsively, done without careful thought.

Questão 05 - (UEPB/2008)

Salad Poem
(for Henri Rousseau le Douanier)

The sun is shining outside


Henri Rousseau (Gentil Rousseau)
The sky is blue
like your skies
I want to paint the salad
on the table
bright crisp green red purple
lettuce and radishes, ham and tomatoes
Paint them like your jungles
Gentle Rousseau
I want to paint
All things bright and beautiful
All salads great and small
I want to make
Blue skies bluer
Green grass greener
Pink flowers brighter
Like you
Henri Rousseau
Adrian Henri

Which of the following groups of words from TEXT only represents colours:

a) purple, crisp, shining, blue, green.


b) red, skies, purple, pink, green.
c) green, red, skies, shining, pink.
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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

d) blue, green, red, purple, pink.


e) bright, blue, red, small, purple.

Questão 06 - (UEPB/2008)

Sealed with a Kiss

A long-lost early Christian text says Jesus asked Judas to betray him.
Even Jesus recognized that there was s o m e t h i n g paradoxical about his betrayal by Judas Iscariot – in three
of the four canonical Gospels, with a kiss. Judas is damned for helping bring about the salvation of mankind. And
Jesus knows all along that he will sell him out. We’ve always known that there was a Gospel of Judas. The Gospel
was in vogue for a few hundred years, then disappeared from history – until last week. This Gospel tells us that
Judas was Jesus’ only true disciple, to whom he imparted secret mystic knowledge, and whom he asked to turn
him in to the Romans, in order to free his spirit from its fleshly prison.
Judas’ betrayal of Jesus has sparked considerable anti-Semitism over the centuries, and the new Gospel may
help Christians see beyond ancient – and historically unfounded - stereotypes .Or it may simply add to our sense
of how inchoate and multifarious early Christianity was. But right now, people are loving the idea that Jesus and
Judas were dear friends who were in it together.
Newsweek, April 17th, 2006

Which group of words below, from TEXT , is made up of ADJECTIVES formed by adding suffixes:

a) paradoxical, canonical, fleshly, considerable .


b) paradoxical, betrayal, canonical, considerable.
c) betrayal, canonical, salvation, fleshly.
d) paradoxical, humankind, fleshly, considerable.
e) betrayal, knowledge, fleshly, considerable.

Questão 07 - (FURG RS/2007)

Dance: A Constantly Evolving Tradition


By Octavio Roca

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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

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There is no time like the present to look at the future of American dance. So much keeps coming, so much is left
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behind, and the uncertainty and immense promise of all that lies ahead tell us that the young century is
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witnessing a watershed in American dance history. Candid shots of American artists on the move reveal a wide-
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open landscape of dance, from classical to modern to postmodern and beyond.
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Each of our dance traditions carries a distinctive flavor, and each demands attention: the living legacies of
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George Balanchine and Antony Tudor, the ever-surprising genius of Merce Cunningham, the all-American
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exuberance of Paul Taylor, the social commitment of Bill T. Jones and Joe Goode, together with a vibrant new
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generation of American dance-makers who are responding to the amazing growth of dance companies and their
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audiences from coast to coast.
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Most of all, the optimism and sheer daring that have long marked American dance are alive and well from New
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York to San Francisco, from Miami to Seattle, and from Houston to our capital in Washington, D.C. They are
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alive in Mark Morris's cheery iconoclasm, in Lar Lubovitch's invention, in Michael Smuin's jazzy abandon, in
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Broadway's newfound love of dance, in every daring bit of performance art that tries to redefine what dance is
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and what it is not. American dancers today represent the finest, most exciting, and most diverse aspects of our
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country's cultural riches.
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The phenomenal aspect of dance is that it takes two to give meaning to the phenomenon.
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The meaning of a dance arises not in a vacuum but in public, in real life, in the magical moment when an
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audience witnesses a performance. What makes American dance unique is not just its distinctive, multicultural
mix of influences, but also the distinctively American mix of its audiences.
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That mix is even more of a melting pot as the new millennium unfolds. And it makes for a uniquely varied,
gripping tale of dance and dancers facing a new era.
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Ours is a constantly changing tradition whose very vitality is what we will bequeath future generations: the
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cowboys and sailors alongside the magical swans and sugar plums, the dances of political questioning and the
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dances of pure joy of movement, the selflessness and optimism, the generosity of spirit, the elemental theatrical
excitement that is the promise of each rising curtain.
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American dance stays alive by ensuring that it never remains the same, that it is a living tradition, the American
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tradition. Enriching that tradition involves not just looking ahead to the next surprise but also looking back with
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both pride and affection at the giants of American dance who have made the future possible. (…)
(http://usinfo.state.gov/journals/itsv/0403/ijse/roca.htm)
Glossary:
– lies ahead (line 3) – está por vir.
– century (line 3) – século.
– alive (line 15, 17 and 32) – viva(os), presente(s).
– newfound (line 18) – recém-descoberto.
– arises (line 23) – surge, nasce.
– giants (line 34) – gigantes, “nomes de peso”.

Which of the following words is an adjective?


a) responding (line 12).
b) witnessing (line 4).
c) living (line 32).
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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

d) meaning (line 23).


e) enriching (line 33).

Questão 08 - (UECE CE/2006)

We are the Brazilian affiliate of an important multinational corporation, with a respected image in the market.
We intend to admit a professional with solid experience in working with Directors and other executives. The
candidate must be fluent in conversational English and competent in written Englis, with an adequate cultural
background.
It is essential for the candidate to be mature and dynamic and demonstrate initiative and discretion.,
We offer excellent salary in addtion to an extensive benefits plan and an interesting modern professional
atmosphere.
Please send a detailed curriculum vitae and indication of preferred salary to:

Caixa Portal l001


A/C Seleção
CEP 001244 – São Paulo

Inglês Instrumental: Abordagens x Compreensão de Textos


Aguiar, Cícera Cavalcante e outros. Edições Livro Técnico, Fortaleza, 2001.

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO THE TEXT.

The candidate’s English must be


a) fair.
b) poor.
c) excellent.
d) cultural.

Questão 09 - (UFAC/2007)

Tropical Diseases
With the global warming, mosquitoes are everywhere. And this means that microorganisms will be spread to new
habitats, bringing diseases to new population.
Mosquito-born-malaria, for example, generally appears in humid regions with average temperatures above 61
degrees Fahrenheit. Global warming and the range of 6 to 10 degrees will increase malaria-carrying mosquitoes
on 60 percent of the globe. Climate change is also increasing the range of Aedis aegypti, the species of mosquito
that carries both dengue and yellow fever. Another deadly threat is the resurgence of cholera. (There were 5,000
deaths in the 1991 cholera epidemic in South America.) How many will die next time?
“If tropical weather is expanding, tropical diseases will expand.”
(by Dr. Paul Epstein, Harvard School of Public Health – New English Point I, 1999)

Find in the text:

The noun and the verb for the adjective deadly


The verb for the adjective carrying
The noun for the adjective warm
A synonym for the verb expand

a) dead – death, carries, warming, expanding


b) death – die, carried, warmness, spread
c) death – die, carry, warning, spread
d) die – died, carry, warmly, carrying
e) death – dice, carried, warming, bringing

Questão 10 - (IME RJ/2006)

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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

As palavras da lista a seguir podem apresentar diferentes significados, dependendo do contexto onde estão
inseridas. Complete cada grupo de 3 frases com uma mesma palavra, retirada da lista, que possa ser usada para
completar corretamente todas as frases do grupo. Escreva as respostas no CADERNO DE SOLUÇÕES.

a) After this hard day of work I need to go out and have fun with my friends. Let’s choose a(n) __________ bar,
with an exciting atmosphere, full of cheerful people.
b) Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, and poet who exerted an unparalleled influence on the
development of Western art, Michelangelo has shown a(n) _________ interest in arts since his early
childhood days in Florence.
c) When Gisele entered the stage no one could help noticing her, but not due to her talent, she was wearing a(n)
__________ pink dress that hurt our retinas.

Questão 11 - (ITA SP/2006)


Hagar the horrible

Assinale, entre os adjetivos abaixo, o que melhor qualificaria Eddie.


a) Sensível.
b) Hipocondríaco.
c) Maníaco.
d) Revoltado.
e) Carente.

Questão 12 - (UEPB/2006)

TEXT C

Not Ignorant, Not Helpless

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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

In America, Muslim women are seen as timid creatures, covered from head to toe, who scurry rather than
walk. They have no voices, no rights and no place outside the home. The West’s exposure to Muslim women is
largely based on Islam’s most extreme cases of oppression: Taliban dominated Afghanistan, Wahhabi ruled Saudi
Arabia and post-revolutionary Iran. Under these regimes women were and are ordered to cover themselves. Many
Afghan women are forbidden to attend school, and no Saudi woman is allowed to drive. Yet despite the spread of
ultraconservative versions of Islam over the past few decades, these societies are not the norm in the Muslim
world. In Egypt, female cops patrol the streets. In Jordan, women account for the majority of students in medical
school. In Syria, courtrooms are filled with female lawyers. Women in these countries are to be found in every
profession and expect equal pay.
Jihadists portray Muslim women as ignorant lambs who need to be protected from outside forces, while the
United States considers them helpless victims of a backward society to be saved through military intervention.
Their empowerment is being exploited by men. But Muslim women have grown very, very sensitive about how
they are depicted on either side. Millions of Muslim Arab women still love the societies they are born into,
regardless of jihadist manipulation or American intervention. If reform is to come, they will surely be the ones who
push it forward.
(The above text was adapted from Newsweek, December 12th, 2005)

The underlined words in text C are respectively:


a) adjective, verb, pronoun, connective, noun
b) noun, adjective, pronoun, preposition, adverb
c) adjective, adverb, noun, preposition, pronoun
d) adjective, verb, possessive adjective, connective, noun
e) adverb, verb, possessive adjective, preposition, noun

Questão 13 - (UFPI/2006)
Gang violence grips Brazil State

Attacks are continuing in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo where a wave of coordinated violence since Friday has
left at least 81 people dead.
9 5
Overnight, gangs torched buses , targeted banks and maintained their attacks on police patrols and stations. At
10
least 23 people were killed in the latest fighting , officials said. Authorities say the unrest is being directed from
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inside jail by a criminal gang after hundreds of its members were sent to maximum security prisons.
Correspondents say the violence is an escalation of what many in Sao Paulo are calling a war between the state
authorities and the First Command of the Capital (PCC) criminal faction.
1
Uprisings are said to have been quelled at some 40 jails , but officials are also struggling to restore order in 29.
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About 120 people are still being held hostage. Unrest has also been reported in some prisons in neighbouring
states, including Mato Grosso do Sul and Parana. Following a meeting with the Brazilian president, Justice
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Minister Marcio Thomaz Bastos is on his way to Sao Paulo to offer the use of both the army and an elite police
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unit. Petrol Bombs Heavily armed gangs held up more than 60 buses during a third night of extreme violence in
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Sao Paulo, clearing the passengers off and then setting the vehicles alight. Molotov cocktails were hurled into
several bank branches and across Sao Paulo city, police stations again came under attack by gangs wielding
machine guns, machetes and home-made bombs. There were also several fatal shoot-outs.
On Monday morning, bus terminals and underground stations were closed amid fears of further attacks, making it
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impossible for many people to get to work. Many worried parents kept their children away from school . The
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attacks and riots began on Friday after 700 jailed PCC members were transferred to higher-security facilities .
Violence was reported in various parts of Greater Sao Paulo, as well as towns along the coast, including Guaruja,
Santos and Cubatao, and towns in the interior of the state.
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Despite the violence, the governor of Sao Paulo state , Claudio Lembo, has said local authorities can cope, but
Brazilian newspapers report that the federal government is eager to send troops to restore order.
Mobile Phones A local public safety official told the Associated Press that authorities had been prepared for a
PCC response to the jail transfers but "never imagined it would be so big or ferocious”.
According to authorities, 38 gunmen and 39 police officers and prison guards are among the dead. Those who
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saw the killing of one police officer said two men wearing masks had approached and shot him in the head as
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he dined with his wife .
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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

Founded in 1993, the PCC has been involved in drugs and arms trafficking, kidnappings, bank robberies, and
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prison breaks and rebellions, police say. The power of the faction has been heightened in recent years by the
3
availability of mobile phones, smuggled through prison security , enabling members to run criminal activities from
the safety of their cells.
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In November 2003, the gang attacked more than 50 police stations , killing three police officers and wounding 12.
Those attacks were thought to have been orchestrated by PCC leaders in jail.
www.bbc.news Monday, 15 May 2006

Na frase: “The power of the faction has been heightened in recent years by the availabity of mobile phones,
smuggled through prison security...” (linhas – 38 a 40), as palavras AVAILABILITY e SECURITY são
substantivos. Seus adjetivos correspondentes são AVAILABLE e SAFE.

Qual(is) par(es) abaixo está(ao) formado(s) apropriadamente?

I. weak /weakness;
II. long/length;
III. dark/darkdom;
IV. high/height;
V. free/freedom

a) Apenas V está correta;


b) Apenas II e IV estão incorretas;
c) Apenas III está incorreta;
d) Todas as asserções estão corretas;
e) Todas as asserções estão incorretas.

Questão 14 - (UEM PR/2006)

MANAGING EXAM ANXIETY AND PANIC – A GUIDE FOR STUDENTS


Anna Hinton, Health Visitor, The Medical Centre
Marion Casey, Counsellor, Student Services
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Almost everyone feels nervous before an exam.
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Butterflies in the stomach and worrying thoughts – 'Will I be able to answer the questions?' 'Have I done enough
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revision?' – are indications of exam nerves that are probably familiar to all students. In fact, a certain amount of
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nervous tension probably helps us perform to the best of our ability, producing a rush of drenaline that helps us
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to feel alert and focused. But too much anxiety can block thoughts, create a negative frame of mind, and lead
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to panic and potentially poor exam performance.
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There are a number of things you can do to help manage exam anxiety and turn uncomfortable, panicky
thoughts into more creative tension.
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In the exam
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Here are some tried and tested remedies to the 'I can't answer anything' feeling and other worrying thoughts
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about exams. When you get into the exam room and sit down, the following approach can help settle your
nerves.
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Breathe in again and straighten your back – as if someone were pulling a lever between your shoulder
24
blades. Take another deep breath in and a long breath out. Then breathe normally.
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Decide on the order in which you'll answer the questions. It is usually best to begin with the one you feel most
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confident about. Think about how you will plan your time, and stick to your plan.
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If your concentration wanders or you begin to feel panicky, you could try the focusing exercise again, or use
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one of the following techniques to help you overcome anxious thoughts. If you are worried that you haven't got
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time to spare on this, remember that taking 5 or 10 minutes now may save you spending the rest of the exam
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in a state of panic.

Anxiety management techniques Creating Mild Pain


39 40 41
Pain effectively overrides all other thoughts and impulses. Even very mild pain – such as lightly pressing your
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fingernails into your palm – can block feelings of anxiety.
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Focusing
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Looking out of the window, noticing the number of people with red hair, counting the number of desks in each
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row all help to distract your attention from anxious thoughts and keep your mind busy. Mental games such as
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making words out of another word or title, using alphabetical lists etc are all good forms of distraction.
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Self-talk
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In exam anxiety or panic we often give ourselves negative messages, 'I can't do this' 'I'm going to fail' 'I'm
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useless'. Try to consciously replace these with positive, encouraging thoughts:
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'This is just anxiety, it can't harm me', 'Relax, concentrate, it's going to be OK', 'I'm getting there, nearly over'.
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Different techniques work for different people, so it's worth experimenting to find the ones that are right for
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you. Developing techniques for managing panic can take time, so it pays to keep practising.
Adaptação do texto disponível em <www.cs3.brookes.ac.uk/student/services/health/exam/html>.
Acesso em 14/03/2006.

Choose the alternative in which both terms express a quality.


a) "Nervous" (line 1); "thoughts" (line 2).
b) "Alert" (line 9); "uncomfortable" (line 13).
c) "Approach" (line 19); "deep" (line 23).
d) "Best" (line 26); "feel" (line 27).
e) "Overcome" (line 32); "effectively" (line 39).

Questão 15 - (UESC BA/2005)

22
The first known use of the cocoa bean to make a spicy (not sweet) chocolate drink dates back to the Mayan
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empire of what is today Southern Mexico and Guatemala. For the Maya , cocoa and the thick ‘chocolatl’ drink
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that it produced were a symbol of sanctity, evoking both fertility and prosperity . Mayan priests are the first to
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have made the drink during the classical Mayan period from about AD 250 to 900. The bean was so highly
23
valued that it was used as a form of currency at a fixed market rate – you could get a rabbit for ten beans, a
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slave cost a hundred and a prostitute went from eight to ten “according to how they agree .”
With the collapse of Mayan civilization, the use of chocolate spread north (probably carried by Mayan tribes) to the
5
Aztec Empire of central Mexico. Here the drink was restricted to the elite of warriors, merchants and priests, who
6
controlled Aztec life. It is interesting that Aztec warriors carried high-energy chocolate on military campaigns and
7
that later chocolate gained its post-World War One popularity after it was used in soldier’s ration kits. Cocoa
29 11
beans continued to be used as a currency, so those who could actually afford to drink chocolate were
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privileged indeed . The Aztec emperors stored beans as a way of storing wealth and are reported at one
point to have had about 960,000,000 beans in the royal coffers. When chocolate was prepared, it was with great
ceremony, paying careful attention to the foaming process and adding a delicate mixture of spices, honey and
flowers to get a recipe correct.
19
Unlike the Aztec’s gold, chocolate was not immediately to the taste of the barbaric Spaniards who killed any
Amerindians who would not accept the domination of the Spanish crown. They used to say that the awfully-tasting
drink was more fit for pigs than people. But innovation through the adding of sugar transformed chocolate for the
13
sweet European palate and it grew in popularity, particularly with the ladies of the Spanish court. Other
innovations included taking the liquid hot rather than cold and producing it as a tablet that was easily transportable
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and crumbled into a powder from which the chocolate drink could be prepared. For nearly a century chocolate
14
remained a secret of the Spanish aristocracy virtually unknown in the rest of Europe.
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For some 28 centuries, chocolate had been a drink of the elite from Aztec emperors to French courtiers and the
10
English bourgeois . But with the invention of a cocoa press by the Dutch in the late 19th century, which extracted
the cocoa butter out of the beans leaving a powder of cocoa solids, all that changed. A vast new confectionery
industry came into existence. The Cadbury company, which brought the press to England, was soon producing
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both powder and candy bars as fast as the machinery would work. This company was quickly joined by
16
others in Britain and in the United States. To this day these and a few other firms from continental Europe, most
31
prominently the gigantic Nestlé corporation based in Switzerland, dominate the growing global chocolate 65
market.

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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

FROM Maya to Market. Disponível em: <http://www.newint.org/ issue304/market.htm>.

The alternative which contains a pair of opposites is


01. “highly” (ref.12) — slowly.
02. “grew” (ref.13) — increased.
03. “unknown” (ref.14) — famous.
04. “quickly” (ref.15) — frequently.
05. “most” (ref.16) — very.

Questão 16 - (PUC RS/2005)


TEXT 1

You don’t have to be mentally ill


1 2 3
SANELINE is the national out of hours telephone helpline providing information and support for anyone
4
affected by mental health problems, including family and carers.
5 6 7
Mental health issues are far more common than is generally thought. One in four people will experience
8
some kind of mental health problem in the course of a year.
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SANELINE receives thousands of calls every year from people seeking advice and help for themselves or
12 13
someone close to them. The nonjudgmental support and information it provides can make all the difference.
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People faced with mental health concerns can find it difficult to get facts about symptoms and treatments,
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the services that are available to them, or even to find someone who is prepared to listen. That’s where we can
19
help. Call 0845 767 8000 for help at the end of the line.

( ) “Far” (line 05) has the same meaning as “much”.


( ) “Thought” (line 06) is a noun.
( ) The verb “experiment” is a synonym for “experience” (line 07).
( ) “Kind” (line 07) is not an adjective.

A seqüência correta de preenchimento dos parênteses, de cima para baixo, é


a) VFVF
b) VVFF
c) FVFV
d) FFVV
e) VFFV

Questão 17 - (UEM PR/2004)

A Simple Plan Stressed? Take a Walk on the Walden Side


By Cain Burdeau
The Associated Press
WALDEN POND, Mass, July 1 – A walk around Walden Pond can take as long as you need. It was to this
3 4 1
peaceful New England lake that a remarkable individual from nearby Concord came to live alone , clearing a
spot for a one-room cabin.
Henry David Thoreau – the man who urged us to "simplify, simplify" – immortalized Walden as the birthplace of
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the conservation movement. Thoreau lived here between 1845 and 1847, bathing in the pond in the mornings,
6 5
the only person in sight, and wrote one of the most breathtaking books of early American philosophy: Walden, or
Life in the Woods.
9 2
"I went to the woods because I wished to live Deliberately , to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I
could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived," Thoreau wrote in
Walden.
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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

12
GETTING THERE: Walden Pond State Reservation is located near Lincoln and Concord in the greater Boston
11
area. From east or west, take Route 2 to Route 126 south, and follow the signs .
13
THINGS TO REMEMBER: At Walden Pond, dogs, bicycles, flotation devices and grills are not allowed. No more
14
than 1,000 visitors can be there at one time, so the park encourages visitors to call in advance and check on
parking. Telephone:(978) 369-3254.
15
THINGS TO DO: Visitors are allowed to swim in the pond and there is a place to change clothes on site . There
16
is also a boat launch accessible by car, but only canoes, kayaks and small electricpowered boats are permitted.
7
A walk around the pond is most satisfying . On the way, a visitor can see the spot where Henry David Thoreau
wrote "Walden, or Life in the Woods".
17
Also, a replica of Thoreau's house and a statue of Thoreau can be seen. Year-round interpretative programs and
guided walks are offered. At the tourist center, there is a gift shop, bookstore and art gallery. There's also an ice
8
cream shop. Specialized equipment includes portable listening systems for park programs and a beach
wheelchair to the beach and water.
NEARBY ATTRACTIONS: Thoreau's grave is located on Authors' Ridge at the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in
Concord. Also in Concord, the house of Ralph Waldo Emerson – Thoreau's close friend and a pioneering
philosopher and writer himself – is worth visiting.
LODGING: A range of hotels and bed-andbreakfasts, from modern luxury hotels to colonial farmhouses, can be
found throughout the greater Boston area. Also, Massachusetts has many state parks where camping is allowed.

Assinale a(s) alternativa(s) em que todos os termos, contidos no texto, expressem uma qualidade.

01) "stressed" (subtítulo); "alone" (ref. 1); "essential" (ref.2)


02) "peaceful" (ref.3); "individual" (ref.4); "early" (ref.5)
04) "breathtaking" (ref.6); satisfying" (ref.7); "specialized" (ref.8)
08) "deliberately" (ref.9); "lived" (ref.10); "signs" (ref.11)
16) "located" (ref.12); "devices" (ref.13); "advance" (ref.14)
32) "site" (ref.15); "accessible" (ref.16); "interpretative" (ref.17)

Questão 18 - (UFF RJ/2004)

COOKING UP A CARROT

Thanks to some stubborn scientists, agronomists and farmers, Brazil is turning some of the most inhospitable
regions of the tropics into a cornucopia.
Much of the credit goes to the government-run agricultural-research company, Embrapa, whose boldest work to
date has been the handsome Alvorada carrot.
In the steamy tropics, a carrot’s life is short and drab. Those that survive the summer come up knobby (due to a
carrot disease) and tinged green. After experimenting for two decades, Embrapa’s garden-vegetable division
came up with the Alvorada carrot that grows fat and straight, and consistently orange in color. But the Alvorada is
not all good looks. It was built to withstand diseases and pests that prosper in the heat and humidity of the tropics.
And it has 35 percent more carotenoids (a vitamin A precursor) than varieties planted elsewhere in Latin
American.
1
When Embrapa launched the carrot in 2000, scientists thought it would sweep the market. It hasn’t . The Alvorada
is heaper than imported carrots, but far more expensive than the traditional varieties. And to most consumers,
cost is what counts. “Brazilians don’t even know yet what carotene is,” says Jairo Vidal Vieira, Embrapa’s carrot
2
expert. Slowly, he thinks, they’ll come to realize the benefits of eating healthier. “I’ll bet my career on it ,” he says.
Adapted from Newsweek, july 7, 2003

The major difference between the Alvorada carrot and ordinary carrots lies in their:

a) colour, smell and taste

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b) smell, shape and cost


c) shape, colour and nutritional value
d) weight, appearance and cholesterol level
e) caloric value, vitamins and shape

Questão 19 - (UECE CE/2004)


1
One of the purposes of my trip across my native country was to listen – to hear speech , accent rhythms,
overtones and emphasis. For speech is so much more than words and sentences. I did listen everywhere. It
seemed to me that regional speech is in the process of disappearing; not gone, but going. Decades of radio and
8
television must have this impact. Communications must destroy localness, by a slow, inevitable process. I can
remember a time when I could almost pinpoint a man’s place of origin by his speech. That is growing more difficult
now and will in some foreseeable future become impossible. It is a rare house or building that is not rigged with
the spiky combers of the air. Radio and television speech becomes standardized, perhaps better English than we
have ever used. Just as our bread, mixed and baked, packaged and sold without benefit of accident or human
18
frailty, is uniformly good and uniformly tasteless, so will our speech become one speech .
3
I who love words and the endless possibility of words am saddened by this inevitability . For with local accent will
disappear local tempo. The idioms, the figures of speech that make language rich and full of the poetry of place
17
and time must go. And in their place will be a national speech , wrapped and packaged, standard and tasteless.
14
In the many years since I have listened to the land, the change is very great. Travelling west allong the northern
routes, I did not hear truly local speech until I reached Montana. That is one of the reasons I fell in love again with
5 7
Montana . The West Coast went back to package English. The Southwest kept a grasp, but a slipping grasp on
localness. Of course the deep south holds on to its regional expressions, just as it holds and treasures some other
anachronisms, but no region can hold out for long against the highway, the high-tension line and the national
9 6
television. What I am mourning is perhaps not worth saving, but I regret its loss nevertheless .
Even while I protest the assembly-line production of our food, our songs, our language, and eventually our souls, I
15 11
know that it was a rare home that baked good bread in the old days. Mother’s cooking was with rare
exceptions poor, that good unpasteurized milk touched only by flies and bits of manure crawling with bacteria, the
12 13
healthy old time life was riddled with aches and sudden death from unknown causes and that sweet local
10
speech I mourn was the child of illiteracy and ignorance. It is the nature of man as he grows older, a small bridge
2
in time , to protest against change, particularly change for the better. But it is true that we have exchanged
16
corpulence for starvation, and either one will kill us. We, or at least I, can have no conception of human life in a
hundred years or fifty years. Perhaps my greatest wisdom is the knowledge that I do not know. The sad ones are
4
those who waste their energy in trying to hold it back, for they can only feel bitternes in loss and no joy in gain.
(STEINBECK, John. Travels with Charley. New York: Book of the Month Club, 1962.)

In “...I who love words and the endless possibility of words am saddened by this inevitability” (ref.3) the underlined
group of words is a/an:
a) noun clause
b) compound sentence
c) complex sentence
d) adjective clause

Questão 20 - (UFAC/2004)

Food Fight
The battle heats up between the U.S. and Europe over genetically engineered crops
"Around the world people are taking a closer look at the genetic makeup of what they.re eating . and growing
uneasy with what they see. Over the past decade, genetically modified (GM) food has become an increasingly
common phenomenon as scientists in the U.S. and elsewhere have rewoven the genes of countless fruits and
vegetables, turning everyday crops into uber-crops able to resist frost, withstand herbicides and even produce
their own pesticides. In all, more than 4,500 GM plants have been tested, and at least 40 . including 13 varieties of
corn, 11 varieties of tomatoes and four varieties of soybeans . have cleared government reviews. For biotech
companies such as Monsanto, based in the U.S., and Novartis AG, based in Switzerland, the rise of GM
technology has meant boom times. Sales of GM seeds rose in value from $75 million in 1995 to $1.5 billion last
year, and the crops they produce are turning up not only on produce shelves but also in processed foods from
cookies to potato chips to baby food.
Since the Federal Government sees GM components as mere additives, they require little government oversight.
Even the simplest meal is loaded with small DNA tricks:
. Some tomato juice is made from tomatoes containing enzymes from Arctic flounder. an attempt to help crops
withstand low temperatures;
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. Pork loins could come from hogs treated with human-growth hormones to help them get bigger faster;
. Potatoes could include genes from the Bacillus thuringiensis, a naturally occurring bacterium toxic to insects;
. Squash may be inoculated with watermelon and zucchini virus genes to make the squash virus resistant;
. The corn in corn bread and other foods could contain a firefly gene, providing a phosphorescent marker to tag
other implanted genes;
. The milk in that innocent-looking rice pudding may have been drawn from cows treated with genetically
engineered bovine growth hormone to help boost milk production.
26% of the U.S. corn crop was grown from genetically changed seeds last year;
30% of U.S. dairy cows are injected with the recombinant bovine growth hormone, which boosts production of
milk. The hormone is made with genetically engineered bacteria;
35% of the 1998 U.S. soybean crop was grown from seeds that had been genetically engineered;
75% of all cheeses contain chymosin, which is produced with bacteria that have been genetically engineered."
Time Magazine, September 13, 1999, Vol. 154 (11)

A função gramatical de “sporty” (ref.4) é:


a) verbo
b) adjetivo
c) substantivo
d) advérbio
e) conjunção

Questão 21 - (UFV MG/2003)

The Mozart Effect


1 2
Mozart makes you smarter! Researchers at the University of California at Irvine discovered that people who
3
listened to ten minutes of Mozart before taking an intelligence test scored higher than people who listened to ten
minutes of relaxation instructions or who, for ten minutes, sat in silence. Scientists speculate that some kinds of
music stimulate neural pathways in the brain. For a period of up to fifteen minutes after listening, the group that
heard Mozart improved significantly in abstract and spatial reasoning. The one downer – that improvement is
temporary – may be because listening is a passive activity. No one knows if listening longer results in staying
4
smarter longer.
5
Although some studies suggest that children as young as two can benefit intellectually from music, you can be
any age to take advantage of the Mozart Effect. You don’t have to be a musician. You can profit from it
6
regardless of your level of formal education. It doesn’t matter what kind of job you do, nor if you’ve never listened
to a note of Mozart in your life. You don’t even have to like music! The Mozart Effect works automatically.
7
As a man, Mozart was playful, mercurial, ebullient: a quick thinker. The rapidity with which he processed
information and went from one level of understanding to the next is echoed in the meticulous organization of his
frequently complicated but always clear music. Mozart’s music induces widely varied emotional responses in us,
8
but it never allows us to wallow: it changes too fast.
9
Mozart had a notable career as a child virtuoso. His father, Leopold, had him playing piano at four, composing by
five. Mozart’s neural pathways, widened at an early age and stimulated constantly (Mozart composed more than
10
six hundred works before he died at thirty-five), facilitated his fluent expression of musical thought. What is it in
11
Mozart that heightens our perceptivity? Perhaps it has something to do with being able to pay attention.
(Source: Adapted from “Mozart for Your Mind: Boost Your Brain Power with Wolfgang Amadeus”, Philips Classics
Productions, CD 11.649.77.412, 1995.)

All the following words are used as adverbs in the text, EXCEPT:
a) temporary (line 8).
b) frequently (line 20).
c) always (line 20).
d) never (line 21).
e) fast (line 22).

Questão 22 - (UFPB/2002)

Early in the morning or late at night, when the waters are at their calmest, you will hear them. Botos, or river
dolphins, are found throughout the Amazon rivers. On Jacques Cousteau’s expedition, this mammal was
described as "pink". In the Amazon tradition it is known as the "red" dolphin, but black and gray botos are also
found in those waters.

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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

Scientists believe the botos moved into the rivers from the ocean. Because of the abundance of food, they
adapted quickly to the environment. Their sleek bodies and echo-location abilities allow them to swim through the
muddy and black waters of the flooded forests.
They are extremely intelligent and attractive creatures. Their mystical nature has made them the protagonist of
many Amazonian legends. Storytellers love to share legends about how the botos saved people from drowning or
from aquatic predators. Some tell about the enchanted boto kingdom found in the depths of the river. Here, in
their cities, is where the botos gather to celebrate and have parties. Many ribeirinhos, people who live in stilt
houses along the river banks, believe that the botos like to party so much that they come to their parties
disguised as men dressed in hats and white clothes. They are so polite and charming that the women fall in love
with them, even claiming unplanned pregnancies to be the result of the attraction.
Adapted from http://www.jungletrekker.com/fullstory4.shtml.

The words which describe the botos are


a) imperious and charming
b) rude and nervous
c) clever and helpful
d) insensitive and impatient
e) unfriendly and disloyal

Questão 23 - (UFPE/2002)

“A QUICK DIP IN A DIRTY POOL


That’s all it takes to expose you to all kinds of nasty microbes. What you _______ know before you jump in!
As temperatures soar, the cool blue waters of a swimming pool can seem pretty inviting. _______ perhaps you
should look twice before you take that dip. Thousands of Americans_______ get sick this season from the
unsanitary condition of their pool water, according to the Centers for Disease Control. The last thing you want to
think about when you’re swimming is what tiny creatures might be swimming beside you. But the fact is that any
pool _______ be contaminated with parasites and bacteria. _______ you’re not careful, you could find yourself in
the emergency room with a badly upset stomach!”
( From “A Quick Dip in a Dirty Pool”, Personal Time, Your Health,TIME, July 23,2001, page 62)

The word “tiny” in “The last thing you want to think about when you’re swimming is what tiny creatures might be
swimming beside you” is equivalent to:
a) small.
b) very big.
c) big.
d) very small.
e) huge.

Questão 24 - (PUC MG/2002)

JOB ANNOUNCEMENTS

EDUCATION DIRECTOR

Pratt Fine Arts Center seeks experienced manager to head Education Dept. High-level financial management &
curriculum development skills required. Cover letter, curriculum vitae & three references to Pratt, 1902 Silver
Main, Los Angeles, CA 90820.
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OFFICE ASSISTANT
The successful candidate will be working in a professional environment on Mondays (1p.m. - 8 p.m.) and
Thursdays/Fridays (8a.m.-1p.m.). Must be bright and articulate, with a great customer service attitude and a
desire to contribute in a team environment. Candidates must be able to lift 40lbs. Please send curriculum vitae in
MS Word format to vitae@jacksonpt.com or fax it to 333-999-4444.
GRAPHIC DESIGNER
Graphic Designer w/strong freehand illustration and computer graphic application skills. Adobe and CorelDraw
software experience preferred in Windows environment. Must be creative, flexible, and detail oriented. Please
submit curriculum vitae and cover letter to: Northwest Territorial Mint, NJ BOX 2148, Auburn, NJ 98071, fax 222-
375-2222.
SOCIAL SERVICES WORKER
Part-time Resource Coordinator for housing program serving formerly homeless individuals. Help residents
access services & housing, develop life skills.
Experience in direct service, case management, conflict resolution, group facilitation is helpful.
Must have vehicle and driver's license. $12/hr w/benefits.
Curriculum vitae & cover to Jane Hughes, 1252 Seattle Ave, Seattle, WA 98105, fax 333-888-1818.
ART DIRECTOR
The nation's most award-winning consumer electronics retailer is seeking an Art Director for its in-house
advertising department. Skills & Qualifications: Must have super-sharp organizational skills; the ability to work well
in a fast-paced, deadline-dominated environment; a minimum of 10 years in print advertising experience. To apply
for this position please send your curriculum vitae directly to HCS, 987 Springbrook Dr., Springville, NY 22245.

The phrase "deadline-dominated environment", mentioned in the job announcement for Art Director, means "an
environment that is dominated by deadlines". Check the only option in which the meaning of the phrase is
INADEQUATELY explained.
a) A "financially-troubled graphic designer": a graphic designer who has financial troubles.
b) A "4-million-dollar social services project": a social services project estimated in 4 million dollars.
c) A "bad-tempered, ill-mannered assistant": an assistant who has a bad temper and ill manners.
d) "Computer-controlled, battery-operated engines": engines that are controlled by computer and operated by
batteries.
e) "Software-related inventions": software that is related to inventions.

Questão 25 - (UERGS/2002)
Pedagogy: Learning Styles
9 10 11
Learning styles could be described as the various ways in which children and adults think and learn. Each of
8 1 12 13
them develops a preferred and consistent set of behaviours or approaches to learning .
The education literature suggests that students who are actively engaged in the learning process will be more likely
2 7
to achieve success. Once students are actively engaged in their own learning process they begin to feel
empowered and their personal achievement and self-direction levels rise.
3
A key to getting and keeping students actively involved in learning lies in understanding learning style
preferences, which can positively or negatively influence a student’s performance. It has also shown that adjusting
4 16 14 17
teaching materials to meet the needs of a variety of learning styles benefits all students. Therefore , learners
18 19 20
should be involved in different activities such as working in laboratories and field work ; they should also be
15
given the opportunity to watch others or develop observations about their own experiences, give them
oportunities to create theories to explain observations and use theories to solve problems and make decisions.
There are probably as many ways to teach as there are to learn. Perhaps the most important thing is to be aware
that people do not all see the world in the same way and to recognize that not everybody is comfortable and
5 21
productive within the same learning style mold . The use of varied, experiential and interactive teaching
6
materials will engage and encourage a wider variety of students.
(Texto parcialmente extraído e adaptado do sítio www.cyg.net/~jblackmo/diglib/styl-html.)

Auxílio à leitura:
behaviours (ref.1) – comportamentos
achieve (ref.2) – conseguir; atingir
key (ref.3) – maneira
meet the needs (ref.4) – contemplar
mold (ref.5) – molde; forma
wider (ref.6) – maior; mais ampla

A palavra teaching (ref.21), considerando o contexto em que se encontra, está empregada como
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a) advérbio.
b) substantivo.
c) conjunção.
d) adjetivo.
e) verbo.

Questão 26 - (UERGS/2002)

1 5
"Combating Teen Smoking: Research and Policy Strategies”, a new book due out in June, offers findings
6 7
demonstrating that anti-smoking programs can prevent young people from starting to smoke or get them to stop
4 10 2 8
smoking , thus sparing them the wide-ranging health effects associated with the habit.
9 11
The authors recommend various ways to help slow, or even reverse, the recent rise in teen-age smoking.
12
Proven methods that states and communities might use include initiating anti-smoking media campaigns, raising
the price of cigarettes, using computers to develop individualized smoking prevention programs, and increasing
investment in smoking cessation programs for both children and adults.
“We still have a lot to learn about teen tobacco use, including the role of genetic factors affecting moking
3
cessation and the factors influencing teens to avoid trying tobacco. But we know enough about peer and
14 13 15
parental influences and how higher prices reduce teen smoking. That is why we support aggressive anti-
tobacco programs”, says one of the authors.
(Fragmento de notícia adaptada de The Regents of the University of Michigan, April/2001.)

Auxílio à leitura:
due out (ref.1) – a ser lançado
sparing (ref.2) – poupando (de)
avoid (ref.3) – evitar

As palavras parental (ref.14) e teen (ref.15), considerando o contexto em que se encontram, classificam-se como
a) advérbio.
b) adjetivo.
c) substantivo.
d) verbo.
e) pronome.

Questão 27 - (UFMS/2002)

HE MAILS WHILE SHE-MAILS


4
Research has just confirmed what we always suspected – that men and women use e-mail in different ways. For
6 8
example, women tend to be more open, composing long letters with minute detail while men are succinct ,
sending a short joke or using e-mail as an organizational tool to arrange an outing. Women tend to read e-mails
5 1 7
as soon as they arrive and respond immediately, while men wait a few days before responding. Online, men
9 10 2 3
make strong assertions and use profanity , whereas women soften their assertions with suggestions and polite
expressions.
Speak Up - nº 175 p.9

Assinale a(s) opção(ões) em que as duas palavras sejam antônimas.


01. minute (ref.6) ...................small
02. respond (ref. 7) ................ask
04. succint (ref.8) ....................long
08. strong (ref.9) .....................weak
16. profanity (ref.10) ...............eternity

Questão 28 - (UFSCAR SP/2001)

COFFEE DRINKING DOWN

Americans love coffee, but are drinking less of it every year. 112 million cups of coffee were sipped in 1992
by 50% of their population. What percent of the population enjoyed coffeein 1982?

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From: Success – Communicating in English 2. Michael Walker, Add.-Wesley, 1994. p. 14.

Read these short descriptions of certain kinds of food and choose the proposition(s) in which the name of
the food CORRESPONDS to the description.
01. A food made from flour, water and usually yeast. The mixture is baked in an oven. It is often cut into slices
and eaten with butter, jam, etc...
Food being described: corn
02. They are eaten in many countries around the world. They grow in the ground, are round and have a thin
skin. They can be cooked in many different ways – boiled, fried or baked.
Food being described: potatoes
04. They are small, round and juicy, green or dark purple in color. You can eat them raw or use them to make
wine.
Food being described: grapes
08. This is the seed of a plant grown in warm, wet places. You boil it in water and eat it usually with meat or
vegetables. It is eaten everywhere in the world, but particularly in China, Japan, and other Asian countries.
Food being described: rice
16. They are really a fruit although many people regard them as a vegetable. They are soft, juicy, red and
round. They have a lot of seeds and you can eat them raw in salads, or cooked as a vegetable or in sauces.
Food being described: apples

Questão 29 - (UFRN/2001)

WHAT WILL IT LOOK LIFE?

As much as intelligent extraterrestrial life could confound our expectations - the way this composite image is
designed to do - physical and chemical properties are universal, so it is reasonable to expect that any intelligent
life we're likely to encounter will share some basic characteristics with Earth life:
SIZE intelligent life must be complex and multicellular, and scientists believe that cells have an inherent minimum
size, so we don't expect intelligent life to be tiny.
HEAD Light, sound, and odor will exist throughout the universe, so sensory organs are good bets, probably
located near a large, complex brain.
SKELETON An internal skeleton to support and protect vital body parts and a central nervous system for internal
communication may be necessary.
limbs Intelligent beings will almost certainly have appendages for locomotion and toolmaking.

Although aliens could have multiple limbs and eyes, on Earth two eyes and for limbs work well without overtaxing
the brain. That doesn't mean that we should expect to find Hollywood aliens though. "Nature is probably much
more inventive than we are, " says Seth Shostak of the SETI Institute in California.
National Geographic, Jan. 2000, p. 51.

De acordo com o texto, os seres extraterrestres teriam, dentre outras, as características a seguir:
a) tamanho minúsculo, cérebro complexo e membros de locomoção
b) órgãos sensoriais, cérebro grande e sistema nervoso central
c) cérebro pequeno, tamanho grande e sistema nervoso central
d) órgãos sensoriais, esqueleto interno e tamanho minúsculo

Questão 30 - (UFAC/2001)
Cleaning Up City Hall

Brazilians send a powerful message in nationwide municipal elections: Straighten up or get out !

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Blog do Enem Inglês – Adjetivos: Adjectives - Kinds.

Brazilian voters have given notice that they are mad as hell and are not going to take it anymore. In nationwide
municipal elections that ended in a second round of voting on Oct. 29, they swept hundreds of incumbents out of
4
power and replaced them with candidates who promised to clean up city hall. All in all, it was a heartening -and
5 th th3
different– showing for a country that recently dropped from 45 to 49 on a list of countries most afflicted with
corruption, published by Transparency International, a global anticorruption organization.
The big winner was the leftist Workers Party (P.T.), whose candidates have spearheaded anticorruption efforts in
6 1
a variety of cities and towns, and the P.T.’s biggest prize was the mayor’s residence of São Paulo, Latin
America’s biggest and wealthiest city. P.T. candidate Marta Suplicy, 55, a psychologist who formerly dispensed
sexual advice on TV, beat onetime mayor and ex-governor of São Paulo state Paulo Salim Maluf of the
conservative Brazilian Progressive Party, 58.5% to 41.5%. Her win was due in large part to her promise to “close
the faucets of corruption.” The P.T. also won mayoralties in four other state capitals, representing around 14% of
the national population. Exulted Suplicy : “We have to dismantle the corruption machine.”
It was a sobering outcome for President Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s center-right coalition, since the vote was
seen as a boost for the P.T. for the next presidential contest, in 2002. What is clear, Cardoso admitted, “is that the
7
electorate is looking for candidates with a profound concern for public morality.” The irony is that Cardoso has
11
done a lot to help the trend .
8
In fact, the elections capped an upsurge of intolerance for official venality . In the past 18 months, a Federal
Deputy and a Senator have been expelled from office for malfeasance, along with hundreds of mayors, state
congressmen and city councilors. A new generation of federal prosecutors, an unfettered press and special
2
anticorruption courts have all declared war against thieves in high places . Says Welson Gasparini, president of
10
the Brazilian Association of Municipalities : “This is a sign of new times .”
(Tim McGirk ,TIME, Nov. 13, 2000, vol. 156, nº. 20, p. 31)

O único sentimento que não se pode atribuir ao eleitorado é :


a) revolta contra a corrupção.
b) confiança na coalizão de centro-direita que apóia o Presidente.
c) esperança nos candidatos que prometeram moralizar as prefeituras.
d) intolerância com a venalidade na administração pública.
e) crença na moralização da administração pública.

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GABARITO:

1) Gab: B
2) Gab: A
3) Gab: D
4) Gab: A
5) Gab: D
6) Gab: E
7) Gab: C
8) Gab: C
9) Gab: B
10) Gab: lively
11) Gab: E
12) Gab: A
13) Gab: C
14) Gab: B
15) Gab: 03
16) Gab: E
17) Gab: 05
18) Gab: C
19) Gab: D
20) Gab: B
21) Gab: A
22) Gab: C
23) Gab: D
24) Gab: B
25) Gab: D
26) Gab: B
27) Gab: 14
28) Gab: (04+08+16)=28
29) Gab: B
30) Gab: B

19