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Generic Name: Hydrocortisone Sodium

Brand Name: SoluCortef

Date ordered: August 9, 2014

Classification: Anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid
Mode of Action: Hydrocortisone is a corticosteroid used for its anti-inflammatory
and immunosuppressive effects. It works is to decrease
inflammation (swelling). It does this by preventing infection-
fighting white blood cells (polymorphonuclear leukocytes) from
traveling to the area of swelling in your body.
Indications:  Replacement therapy in adrenal cortical insufficiency

 Allergic states—severe or incapacitating allergic conditions

 Hypercalcemia associated with cancer

 Short-term inflammatory and allergic disorders, such as

rheumatoid arthritis, collagen diseases (SLE), dermatologic
diseases (pemphigus), status asthmaticus, and
autoimmune disorders

 Hematologic disorders—thrombocytopenic purpura,


 Trichinosis with neurologic or myocardial involvement

 Ulcerative colitis, acute exacerbations of MS, and palliation

in some leukemias and lymphomas

 Intra-articular or soft-tissue administration: Arthritis,

psoriatic plaques

 Retention enema: For ulcerative colitis, proctitis

 Dermatologic preparations: To relieve inflammatory and

pruritic manifestations of dermatoses that are steroid

 Anorectal cream, suppositories: To relieve discomfort of

hemorrhoids and perianal itching or irritation

Contraindications:  Viral/fungal infections

 tubercular or syphilitic lesions

 bacterial infections unless used in conjunction with

appropriate chemotherapy.

Ordered Dose: 100mg IV q8

Side Effects:  Sodium and fluid retention

 Potassium and calcium depletion

 Weakness

 GI disturbances and bleeding

 Increased appetite and delayed wound healing.

 Bruising, striae, hirsutism, acne, flushing

 Headache

Drug interactions:  Aminoglutethimide- lead to a loss of corticosteroid-induced

adrenal suppression.

 Antidiabetic- Because corticosteroids may increase blood

glucose concentrations, dosage adjustments of antidiabetic
agents may be required.

 Antitubercular drugs- Serum concentrations of isoniazid

may be decreased.

 Hepatic Enzyme Inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, macrolide

antibiotics such as erythromycin and troleandomycin)-
Drugs that inhibit cytochrome P450 3A4 have the potential
to result in increased plasma concentrations of

 Ketoconazole- the metabolism of certain corticosteroids by

up to 60%, leading to an increased risk of corticosteroid
side effects.

 Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-

Concomitant use of aspirin (or other nonsteroidal anti-
inflammatory agents) and corticosteroids increases the risk
of gastrointestinal side effects.

Nursing 1. Provide antacids between meals to help avoid peptic ulcer.

2. Report any fatigue, muscle and joint pains, anorexia,
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, weakness,
dizziness, or low blood sugar (if you monitor blood sugar).

3. Take with meals or snacks if GI upset occurs

4. Maintain normal bowel function with proper diet, adequate

fluid intake, and regular exercise.

5. Use stool softeners or bulk laxatives if needed.

6. Notify your health care provider if symptoms do not

improve in 7 days or if bleeding, protrusion, or seepage