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# A proposal to construct a

## 1.8MW Wind Power

Plant
in San Jose, Dinagat
Ara Reyna D. Mamon
Diolito B. Igloria, Jr.
Urbano M. Desierto III

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GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

## Power Plant Proposal

● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic & Environmental Aspect
§ The earth receives 1.74 x
1017 watts of power (per
hour) from the sun

## § About one or 2 percent of this

energy is converted to wind
times more than the energy
converted to biomass by all
plants on earth (www.windpower.org)

Energy in Wind 3/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Kinetic Energy = Work =
½mV2 A
V
Where: d
M= mass of moving object
V = velocity of moving object
What is the mass of
moving air? = density (ρ) x
volume (Area x distance)
=ρxAxd
= (kg/m3) (m2) (m)
= kg

## Kinetic Energy in Wind 4/

GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Power = Work / t
= Kinetic Energy / t
A
= ½mV2 / t
V
● = d
● =
R
½ρAV2(d/t)
● = ½ρAV3

## A = πR2 (m2) Area of the circle swept

by the rotor.
ρ = air density(kg/m3)

Power in Wind 5/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Power from a Wind Turbine
Rotor
Cp½ρAV3

## >Cp is called the power

coefficient.
>Cp is the percentage of
power in the wind that is
converted into mechanical
energy.

## What is the maximum

amount of energy that
Wind Turbine
can be Power
extracted from the
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GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
• in 1919 Betz concluded that no
wind turbine can convert more
than 16/27 (59.3%) of the kinetic
energy of the wind into
mechanical energy turning a
rotor.

## • To this day this is known as

the Betz Limit or Betz' Law.

## • This limit has nothing to do with

inefficiencies in the generator,
but in the very nature of wind
turbines themselves.

Albert
Betz

7/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Energy & Power
● Wind Power Plant

## Power Plant Proposal

● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic
connected to a low-speed shaft. When the blades spin,
the shaft turns.

## 1. The low-speed shaft is connected to a gearbox. Inside, a

large slow-moving gear turns a small gear quickly.

## 1. The high-speed shaft is connected to a generator. As the

shaft turns the generator, it produces electricity.

## 1. The electric current is sent through cables down the

turbine tower to a transformer that changes the voltage of
the current before it is sent out on transmission lines.

## The Wind Turbine 10 /

GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
11 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

## Power Plant Proposal

● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic Considerations
San Jose, Dinagat
• consists of twelve (12) municipalities
• population of more than 30, 000 adults
or at most 6, 000 households
• San Jose also hosts a number of beach
resorts and recreation centers.
plant with installed capacity of 1.93 MW
which operates for 18 hours a day
• at other times of the day, San Jose is
deprived of electricity 

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GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
San Jose, Dinagat
• Dinagat Island exhibits moderate
wind resource.
• This means that Dinagat Island
can harness wind energy at a rate
of 200-300 W/m2 with a wind
speed of 5.6-6.4 m/s.
• At this rated wind speed and with
a fairly sized wind farm, the total
demand of San Jose can be met.

## “Wind Energy Resource Atlas of the Philippines”

-National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 14 /
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2/19/2009
Geographical Location 15 /
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2/19/2009
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
10

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2/19/2009
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

## Power Plant Proposal

● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic Considerations
Lay-outs
Transmission and Substation
Layout

## Transmission and Substation

Site development Plant Layout

Site
Floor
Floordevelopment
Plan
Plan Plant

Floor Plan
Floor
Plan

21 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Site
developm
ent Plant

22 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Transmissi
on and
Substation
Layout

23 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Specifications
Wind Turbine: Vestas V82
ü 3 wind turbines at 1.65MW rated
capacity each

24 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
25 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

## Power Plant Proposal

● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic Considerations
Economic Considerations
Pie Chart of Overall Capital Cost

27 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Equipment Quantity Unit Price Total

Class II)

Including :

4 sections

## Packing of Turbine Nacelles, Blade

Sets and Towers at the factory
Import duties

## with the Agreement

Customer Training

## Wind Turbine Cost 28 /

GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Particulars Percent Cost Total (Php)
Civil works 13% 84,235,688.47
Electrical Infrastructure 8% 51,837,346.75
Grid Connection 6% 38,878,010.07
Project Management 1% 6,479,668.344
Installation 1% 6,479,668.344
Insurance 1% 6,479,668.344
Legal Cost 2% 12,959,336.69
Bank Fees 1% 6,479,668.344

Interest during
2% 12,959,336.69
construction

## Development cost 1% 6,479,668.344

Wind Turbine cost 64% 414,698,774.00

PhP
Total 100%
647,966,834.40

## Total Capital on Equipments 29 /

GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009