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A proposal to construct a

1.8MW Wind Power


Plant
in San Jose, Dinagat
Ara Reyna D. Mamon
Diolito B. Igloria, Jr.
Urbano M. Desierto III

1/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

Power Plant Proposal


● About San Jose,
● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic & Environmental Aspect
§ The earth receives 1.74 x
1017 watts of power (per
hour) from the sun

§ About one or 2 percent of this


energy is converted to wind
energy (which is about 50-100
times more than the energy
converted to biomass by all
plants on earth (www.windpower.org)

Energy in Wind 3/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Kinetic Energy = Work =
½mV2 A
V
Where: d
M= mass of moving object
V = velocity of moving object
What is the mass of
moving air? = density (ρ) x
volume (Area x distance)
=ρxAxd
= (kg/m3) (m2) (m)
= kg

Kinetic Energy in Wind 4/


GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Power = Work / t
= Kinetic Energy / t
A
= ½mV2 / t
V
● = d
½(ρAd)V2/t
● =
R
½ρAV2(d/t)
● = ½ρAV3

A = πR2 (m2) Area of the circle swept


by the rotor.
ρ = air density(kg/m3)

Power in Wind 5/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Power from a Wind Turbine
Rotor
Cp½ρAV3

>Cp is called the power


coefficient.
>Cp is the percentage of
power in the wind that is
converted into mechanical
energy.

What is the maximum


amount of energy that
Wind Turbine
can be Power
extracted from the
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GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
• in 1919 Betz concluded that no
wind turbine can convert more
than 16/27 (59.3%) of the kinetic
energy of the wind into
mechanical energy turning a
rotor.

• To this day this is known as


the Betz Limit or Betz' Law.

• This limit has nothing to do with


inefficiencies in the generator,
but in the very nature of wind
turbines themselves.

Albert
Betz

7/
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Energy & Power
● Wind Power Plant

Power Plant Proposal


● About San Jose,
● Plant Specifics

Discussions
● Economic
1. The moving air spins the turbine blades. The blades are
connected to a low-speed shaft. When the blades spin,
the shaft turns.

1. The low-speed shaft is connected to a gearbox. Inside, a


large slow-moving gear turns a small gear quickly.

1. The small gear turns another shaft at high speed.

1. The high-speed shaft is connected to a generator. As the


shaft turns the generator, it produces electricity.

1. The electric current is sent through cables down the


turbine tower to a transformer that changes the voltage of
the current before it is sent out on transmission lines.

The Wind Turbine 10 /


GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
11 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

Power Plant Proposal


● Plant Specifics
● About San Jose,

Discussions
● Economic Considerations
San Jose, Dinagat
• consists of twelve (12) municipalities
• population of more than 30, 000 adults
or at most 6, 000 households
• San Jose also hosts a number of beach
resorts and recreation centers.
• presently powered by a diesel power
plant with installed capacity of 1.93 MW
which operates for 18 hours a day
• at other times of the day, San Jose is
deprived of electricity 

13 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
San Jose, Dinagat
• Dinagat Island exhibits moderate
wind resource.
• This means that Dinagat Island
can harness wind energy at a rate
of 200-300 W/m2 with a wind
speed of 5.6-6.4 m/s.
• At this rated wind speed and with
a fairly sized wind farm, the total
demand of San Jose can be met.

“Wind Energy Resource Atlas of the Philippines”


-National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 14 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Geographical Location 15 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Load Survey 16 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
10

Load Survey 17 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

Load Survey 18 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

Power Plant Proposal


● Plant Specifics
● About San Jose,

Discussions
● Economic Considerations
Lay-outs
Transmission and Substation
Layout

Transmission and Substation


Site development Plant Layout

Site
Floor
Floordevelopment
Plan
Plan Plant

Floor Plan
Floor
Plan

21 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Site
developm
ent Plant

22 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Transmissi
on and
Substation
Layout

23 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Specifications
Wind Turbine: Vestas V82
ü 3 wind turbines at 1.65MW rated
capacity each

24 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
25 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Wind Power
● Wind Power Plant
● Wind Energy & Power

Power Plant Proposal


● Plant Specifics
● About San Jose,

Discussions
● Economic Considerations
Economic Considerations
Pie Chart of Overall Capital Cost

27 /
GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Equipment Quantity Unit Price Total
       

Vestas V82, 1,65 MW, 60 Hz (IEC 3 $2,800,00.00 $8,400,000.00 


Class II)
     

Including :
     

Delivery to the Delivery Point


     

Tower, 80 meter hub height, IEC II,


4 sections
Advanced Grid (LVRT) option
     

Low temperature package


     

     

Power factor correction


     

Packing of Turbine Nacelles, Blade


Sets and Towers at the factory
Import duties
     

Commissioning of Wind Turbines


     

Technical Advisors in accordance


     

with the Agreement


Customer Training
     

Vestas Online Business SCADA


     

       
   

Total Price: $8,400,000.00

Wind Turbine Cost 28 /


GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009
Particulars Percent Cost Total (Php)
Civil works 13% 84,235,688.47
Electrical Infrastructure 8% 51,837,346.75
Grid Connection 6% 38,878,010.07
Project Management 1% 6,479,668.344
Installation 1% 6,479,668.344
Insurance 1% 6,479,668.344
Legal Cost 2% 12,959,336.69
Bank Fees 1% 6,479,668.344

Interest during
2% 12,959,336.69
construction

Development cost 1% 6,479,668.344


Wind Turbine cost 64% 414,698,774.00

PhP
Total 100%
647,966,834.40

Total Capital on Equipments 29 /


GE Renewable Energy
2/19/2009