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Handbook of

Textile Processing
Chemicals

Compiled by
Michael and Irene Ash

Synapse Information Resources


iii
© Synapse Information Resources, Inc. 2001, 2013

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in
any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior
permission of Synapse Information Resources, Inc.

Published by
Synapse Information Resources, Inc.
1247 Taft Ave.
Endicott, NY 13760

Library of Congress
Control Number 2001094054
ISBN Number 1-890595-30-6, 978-1-934764-52-7

Printed in the U.S.A.

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Abbreviations
ABS acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene B.U. Brabender units (viscosity)
abs. absolute byprod. byproduct(s)
absorp. absorption C degrees Centigrade
ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial CAA Clean Air Act
Hygienists CAB cellulose acetate butyrate
ACN acrylonitrile calcd. calculated
ACS American Chemical Society cap. capillary
act. active CAS Chemical Abstracts Service
ADI acceptable daily intake (FAO/WHO) CC closed cup
ADR adverse drug reactions cc cubic centimeter(s)
adsorp. adsorption CCl 4 carbon tetrachloride
agric. agricultural CD completely denatured
agrichem. agrichemical(s) CDA completely denatured alcohol
agrochem. agrochemical CEL corporate exposure limit
a.i. active ingredient CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response,
alc. alcohol Compensation, & Liability Act (U.S.)
Am., Amer. American CFC chlorofluorocarbon
amts. amounts cfm cubic feet per minute
anhyd. anhydrous CFR Code of Federal Regulations (U.S.)
ANSI American National Standards Institute char. characteristic, characterized
APHA American Public Health Association chel. chelation
applic(s). application(s) chem(s). chemical(s)
aq. aqueous CI Color Index
ASA acrylic-styrene-acrylonitrile; alkenyl succinic CIIR chlorobutyl rubber
anhydride CIR Cosmetic Ingredient Review
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials cks centistoke(s)
ATH alumina trihydrate cl clear
atm atmosphere CL ceiling concentration
at.wt. atomic weight cm centimeter(s)
autoignit. autoignition cm3 cubic centimeter(s)
aux. auxiliary CMC carboxymethylcellulose
avail. available CMC critical Micelle concentration
avg. average c.m.p. capillary melting point
a.w. atomic weight CNS central nervous system
BCF Bulk Continuous Filament CO carbon monoxide
BDG butyl diglycol COC Cleveland Open Cup
BGA Federal Republic of Germany Health Dept. COD chemical oxygen demand
certification coeff. coefficient
BHA butylated hydroxyanisole COF coefficient of friction
BHT butylated hydroxytoluene compat. compatible
biochem. biochemical compd(s). compound(s)
biodeg. biodegradable compr. compression
bldg. building conc(s). concentrated, concentration
blk. black conduct. Conductive, conductivity
BOD biochemical oxygen demand const. constant
BP British Pharmacopeia contg. containing
b.p. boiling point cosolv. cosolvent
BR butadiene rubbers, polybutadienes CP Canadian Pharmacopeia
B&R Ball & Ring cp centipoise(s)
br., brn. brown CPE chlorinated polyethylene
brnsh. brownish cps centipoise(s)
BS British Standards CPVC chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
B/S butadiene/styrene CR chloroprene rubber, polychloroprene
BSS British Standard Sieve cryst. crystalline, crystallization
Btu British thermal unit cs centistoke(s)

ix
cSt centistoke(s) equip. equipment
CTFA Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association equiv. equivalent
ctks centistoke(s) ESCR environmental stress crack resistance
CWA Clean Water Act ESD electrostatic discharge
cwt hundred weight ESO epoxidized soybean oil
DAB Deutsche. Arzneibuch ESP electrostatic protection
DAC Deutscher Arneimittel Codex (German esp. especially
Pharmacopoeia Codex) EU European Union
dc direct current Eur.Ph. European Pharmacopeia
D&C Drugs & Cosmetics EVA ethylene vinyl acetate
DE dextrose equivalent exc. excellent
DEA diethanolamide, diethanolamine F degrees Fahrenheit
dec. decomposes FA fatty acid
decomp. decomposition FAO Food and Agriculture Organization (United Nations)
DEG diethylene glycol FCC fluorochlorocarbon; Food Chemicals Codex
deliq. deliquescent FDA Food and Drug Administration (U.S.)
dens. density FD&C Foods, Drugs, and Cosmetics
deriv(s). derivative(s) FEMA Flavor and Extract Manufacturers’ Association (U.S.)
descrip. description FEP fluorinated ethylene propylene
dg decigram(s) FFA free fatty acid
DI deionized FG food grade
diam. diameter FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
dielec. dielectric (U.S. EPA)
dil. dilute FKM fluoroelastomer
DIN Deutsches Institut fuer Normung (German Standards fl fluid
Organization) flamm. flammable, flammability
disp. dispersible, dispersion flex. flexural
dissip. dissipation FP French Pharmacopoeia
dist. distilled f.p. freezing point
distort. distortion FR flame retardant
distrib. distributor FR-ABS flame retardant ABS
dk. dark FRP fiberglass-reinforced plastics
DMF dimethyl formamide F-T Fischer-Tropsch
DMF Drug Master Files ft foot, feet
D.O. dissolved oxygen f.w. formula weight
DOC dissolved organic carbon G giga
DOM dissolved organic matter g gram(s)
DOP dioctyl phthalate gal gallon(s)
DOT Department of Transportation (U.S.) g/d gram/dyne
DPG diphenyl guanidine, dipropylene glycol GFRP glass fiber-reinforced plastic
DSB dry solids basis G-H Gardner-Holdt
DSI Provisional Domestic Substance list (Canada) GI gastro-intestinal
DTUL deflection temperature under load glac. glacial
DVB divinylbenzene GMP good manufacturing practice
DW distilled water, deionized water gpd gallons per day
DWV drainage, waste and vent gpm gallons per minute
eb, EB electron beam gpt gallons per ton
EC European Community gr. gravity
EC50 environmental concentration, 50% gran. granules, granular
ECF elemental chlorine-free GRAS generally regarded as safe
EDTA ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid grn. green
EE epoxy equivalent GRP glass-reinforced plastics, glass-reinforced polyester
EEC European Economic Community GVS Gardner varnish scale (color)
EED environmental endocrine disrupter h hour(s)
EEW epoxide equivalent weight HAF high abrasion furnace carbon black
e.g. for example HALS hindered amine light stabilizer
EINECS European Inventory of Existing Commercial HAPs hazardous air pollutants
Chemical Substances HC hydrocarbon
elec. electrical HCFC hydrochlorofluorocarbon
ELINCS European List of Notified Chemical Substances HCl hydrochloride, hydrochloric acid
elong. elongation HDPE high-density polyethylene
EMI electromagnetic interference HDT heat distortion (deflection) temp.
EMS electromagnetic shielding HFC hydrofluorocarbon
ENB 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene Hg mercury
EO ethylene oxide HIPS high-impact polystyrene
EP European Pharmacopoeia HLB hydrophilic lipophilic balance
EP extreme pressure HMIS Hazardous Material Identification System
EPA Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.) hr hour(s)
EPDM ethylene-propylene-diene rubber, ethylene-propylene HVAC Heathing Ventilation and Air Conditioning
terpolymer HVP hydrolyzed vegetable protein
EPR ethylene-propylene rubber hyd. hydroxyl
EPS expandable polystyrene hydrog. hydrogenated

x
Hz hertz mech. mechanial
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer (United med. medium
Nations) MEK methyl ethyl ketone
i.b.p. initial boiling point mfg. manufacture
IDLH immediately dangerous to life and health mg milligram(s)
I&I industrial and institutional MIBK methyl isobutyl ketone
IIR isobutylene-isoprene rubber microcryst. microcrystalline
IM intramuscular microgran. microgranules, microgranular
immisc. immiscible MID Meat Inspection Division (USDA)
in. inch(es) MIL Military Specifications
1
Inc. Incorporated mil /1000th inch
inc. increases, increased min minute(s)
INCI International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient min. mineral
incl. including min. minimum
incompat. incompatible MIPA monoisopropanolamine, monoisopropanolamide
incorp. Incorporated, incorporation misc. miscible, miscellaneous
indent. indentation MITI Japanese Inventory of Chemical Substances (list)
ing. ingestion mixt(s). mixture(s)
ingred(s). ingredient(s) ml milliliter(s)
inh. inhalation MLD minimum lethal dose
inj. injection mm millimeter(s)
inorg. inorganic MMW-HDPE medium molecular weight high density polyethylene
insol. insoluble mN millinewton(s)
Int’l. International mo, mos month(s)
IP intraperitoneal mod. moderately
IPA isopropyl alcohol mod. modulus
IPM isopropyl myristate monocl. monoclinic
IPP isopropyl palmitate m.p. melting point
IR isoprene rubber (synthetic), polyisoprene mPa·s millipascal-second(s)
irreg. irregular mppcf million particles per cubic foot
IU International Unit MRL maximum residual limits
IV intravenous MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
J joule MT medium thermal
JCID Japanese Cosmetic Ingredients Dictionary mus mouse
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia MVTR moisture vapor transmission rate
JSCI Japanese Standard of Cosmetic Ingredients m.w. molecular weight
JSFA Japan Standards for Food Additives N normal
k kilo nat. natural
KB Kauri-Butanol NB nonbreaking
kg kilogram(s) N/B nitrile-butadiene
KTPP potassium tripolyphosphate NBR nitrile rubber, nitrile-butadiene rubber
KU Krebs units NC nitrocellulose
l liter(s) NCI National Cancer Institute
lb pound(s) need. needles
LC50 lethal concentration 50% neg. negative
LCLo lethal concentration low neut. neutral, neutralized
LD0 lethal dose 0% NF National Formulary
LD50 lethal dose 50% NFPA National Fire Protection Association
LDLo lowest published lethal dose ng nanogram
LDPE low-density polyethylene NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
LED light-emitting diode (U.S.)
lel lower explosive level nm nanometer
lg. large no. number
liq. liquid N 2O nitrous oxide
LLDPE linear low-density polyethylene NOEL no observed effect level
LMDPE linear medium-density polyethylene NOI not otherwise indexed (U.S. DOT)
LOEL lowest observed effect level nonalc. nonalcoholic
lt. light nonaq. nonaqueous
Ltd. Limited nonbiodeg. nonbiodegradable
LVP low vapor pressure nonflamm. nonflammable
M mega nonyel. nonyellowing
M mole N.O.S. not otherwise specified (transport regulations)
m milli NOx nitrogen oxides
m meter(s) NR natural rubber, isoprene rubber (natural)
m- meta NSF National Sanitation Foundation, National Standards
manuf. manufacturer Foundation
max. maximum NTP National Toxicology Program (U.S.)
mbar millibar NV nonvolatiles
MCF methyl chloroform o- ortho
MCT medium chain triglycerides OBPA oxybisphenoxarsine
MD machine direction, mold direction OC open cup
MEA monoethanolamine, monoethanolamide ODC ozone-depleting compound

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ODP ozone-depletion potential PTMEG polytetramethylene ether glycol
OEL occupational exposure limit PU polyurethane
OEM original equipment manufacturer PUF polyurethane foam
OMS odorless mineral spirits PUR polyurethane
org. organic PVA polyvinyl alcohol
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (U.S.) PVAc polyvinyl acetate
OTC over-the-counter PVAL polyvinyl alcohol
o/w oil-in-water PVB polyvinyl butyral
oz ounce PVC polyvinyl chloride
p- para PVC-P plasticized polyvinyl chloride
Pa Pascal PVC-U unplasticized polyvinyl chloride
PBT polybutylene terephthalate PVDC, PVdC polyvinylidene chloride
pbw parts by weight PVDF polyvinylidene fluoride
PC polycarbonate PVM polyvinyl methyl ether
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl PVM/MA polyvinyl methyl ether/maleic anhydride
pcf pounds per cubic foot PVP polyvinylpyrrolidone
PCP Pest Control Product Act, 1972 (Canada) qt quart
PCTFE polychlorotrifluoroethylene quat. quaternary
PE polyethylene R&B Ring & Ball
PEEK polyetheretherketone rbt rabbit
PEG polyethylene glycol RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (U.S.
PEK polyetherketone EPA 40CFR §261)
PEL permissible exposure level R&D research and development
perc perchloroethylene rdsh. reddish
percut. percutaneous rec. recommended
PES polyether sulfone redsh. reddish
PET polyethylene terephthalate ref. refractive
petrol. petroleum reg. registry
PG propylene glycol regs. regulations
pH hydrogen-ion concentration REL recommended exposure limit
Ph. Pharmacopoeia rep. represents
pharm. pharmaceutical resist. resistance, resistant, resistivity
Ph.Eur. European Pharmacopoeia resp. respectively
phr parts per hundred of rubber or resin RFI radio frequency interference
PIB polyisobutylene r.h. relative humidity
PIN product identification number rhomb. rhombic
Pk peak concentration RIM reaction injection molded/molding
pkg. packaging RO reverse osmosis
pli pounds per linear inch rpm revolutions per minute
PM, P-M Pensky-Martens RQ reportable quantity
PMCC Pensky-Martens closed cup R.T. room temperature
PMMA polymethyl methacrylate RTECS Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances
PMOC Pensky-Martens open cup (U.S.)
PO propylene oxide RTM resin transfer molding
POC particulate organic carbon RTV room temperature vulcanizing
POE polyoxyethylene, polyoxyethylated s second(s)
polyunsat. polyunsaturated s- secondary
POM polyoxymethylene SADT self accelerating decomposition temp.
POP polyoxypropylene, polyoxypropylated SAN styrene-acrylonitrile
POPs persistant organic pollutants SAP super absorbent polymer
powd. powder sapon. saponification
PP polypropylene SARA Superfund Amendments & Reauthorization Act (U.S.)
ppb parts per billion sat. saturated
PPE polyphenylene ether S/B styrene/butadiene
PPG polypropylene glycol SBR styrene/butadiene rubber
pph parts per hundred (percent) SBS styrene-butadiene-styrene
ppm parts per million SD specially denatured
PPO polyphenylene oxide SDA specially denatured alcohol
PPS polyphenylene sulfide SE self-emulsifying
ppt parts per trillion SEBS styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene
pract. practically sec. secondary
prep(s). preparation(s) semicryst. semicrystalline
prod. product(s), production semiliq. semiliquid
props. properties semisyn. semisynthetic
PS polystyrene sl. slight, slightly
ps poise sm. small
psi pounds per square inch SMA styrene maleic anhydride
psia pounds per square inch absolute SMC sheet molding compound
psig pounds per square inch gauge SNAP Significant New Alternative Policy (U.S. EPA)
pt. point soften. softening
Pt-Co platinum-cobalt sol. soluble, solubility
PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene solid. solidification

xii
sol’n. solution UHF ultra high frequency
solv(s). solvent(s) UHMW ultra high molecular weight
sp. specific UHMWPE ultra high molecular weight polyethylene
spec. specification, specialty UHT ultra high temperature
SPF sun protection factor UL Underwriter’s Laboratory
spp. non-specified species UN No. United Nations Substance Identification Number (for
SS stainless steel transport purposes)
SSU Saybolt Universal Seconds unsat. unsaturated
std. standard UPVC unplasticized polyvinyl chloride
STEL short term exposure limit USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
Stod. Stoddard solvent USP United States Pharmacopeia
STP standard temperature and pressure UV ultraviolet
str. strength V volt
subcut. subcutaneous VA vinyl acetate
subl. sublimes VAE vinyl acetate ethylene
surf. surface VC vinyl chloride
SUS Saybolt Universal Seconds VCI volatile corrosion inhibitor(s)
susp. suspension VdC, VDC vinylidene chloride
syn. synthetic veg. vegetable
t tertiary visc. viscous, viscosity
TAPPI Technical Association of the Pulp & Paper Industry VM&P Varnish Makers and Painters
TBHQ tert-butyl hydroquinone VOC volatile organic compounds
TCC Tag closed cup vol. volume
TCF totally chlorine-free v/v volume by volume
TCLo toxic concentration low wh. white
TDI toluene diisocyanate WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
TDLo toxic dose low (Canada)
TDS total dissolved solids WHO World Health Organization (United Nations)
TEA triethanolamine, triethanolamide wks weeks
tech. technical w/o water-in-oil
temp. temperature wt. weight
tens. tensile, tension w/v weight by volume
tert tertiary w/w weight by weight
THF tetrahydrofuran XLPE crosslinked polyethylene
thru through X-PE crosslinked polyethylene
TIPA triisopropanolamine yel. yellow
TKPP tetrapotassium pyrophosphate ylsh. yellowish
TLV Threshold Limit Value yr year
TLV-CL Threshold Limit Value/ceiling limit # number
TLV-STEL Threshold Limit Value/short therm exposure limit % percent
TLV-TWA Threshold Limit Value/time weighted average ± plus or minus
TMC thick molding compound < less than
TOC Tag open cup, total organic carbon > greater than
TOFA tall oil fatty acid ≤ less than or equal to
TPE thermoplastic elastomer ≥ greater than or equal to
TPU thermoplastic polyurethane @ at
TRI Toxic Release Inventory α alpha
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act β beta
tsp teaspoon δ, ∆ delta
TSS total suspended solids ε epsilon
TWA time weighted average γ gamma
TWC time weighted concentration ω omega
typ. typical µ micron, micrometer
uel upper explosive limits µg microgram
UF urea formaldehyde ≈ approximately equal to

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Preface
Textile products are an integral part of almost every commercial and Part II—Chemical Component Cross-Reference covers more than
consumer industry. Textiles are used in packaging, insulation, tire rein- 2700 chemicals and materials that are contained in the trade name
forcement, carpeting, upholstery, clothing, sporting goods, medical prod- products profiled in Part I or generic chemicals that are not linked to trade
ucts, etc. Textile processing and finishing chemicals represent a $2.4 names but are used in textiles. Each entry contains information including
billion a year global industry. These chemicals, used in the processing the following: CAS (Chemical Abstract Service), EINECS/ELINCS (Eu-
of a variety of textile materials, are a vital determinant in the end product’s ropean Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances/Euro-
quality as well as the economy of the overall manufacturing process, pean List of Notified Chemical Substances), and UN/DOT reference
including the disposal of effluents from the textile mills. numbers, classification, definition, chemical synonyms, empirical and
molecular formulas, properties, toxicology, precautions, storage, uses,
This reference profiles more than 11,000 trade name and generic chemi- use level, regulatory details, manufacturers and distributors. All chemi-
cals and materials used in textile fiber and fabric preparation, process- cal/material synonyms are cross-referenced back to the main entry.
ing, dyeing, finishing, and effluent treatment. Coverage includes chemi- These entries are followed by a listing of the trade name products that
cals and materials that function as: Adhesives; Anticreasing agents; are either equivalent to the monograph entry or contain it as one or more
Antifoams; Antioxidants; Antishrinking agents; Antislip agents, Antisoaping of its ingredients.
agents; Antistats, Binders; Biocides; Bleaching agents; Carriers; Chelat-
ing agents; Coning oils; Corrosion inhibitors; Deaerating agents; Part III—Functional/Application Index is a powerful tool for locating
Delustrants; Desizing agents; Dyeing assistants; Dye fixing agents; Dis- the trade names and chemicals based on their function and/or industrial
persants; Emulsifiers; Fiber protectants;Finishing agents; Flame retar- application area. By searching for key functional words related to textile
dants; Foaming aids; Fulling agents; Leveling agents; Lubricants; Mer- processing such as emulsifier, fixing agent, flame retardant, optical bright-
cerizing assistants; Oil repellants;Optical brighteners; Oxidizing agents; ener, scouring agent, and specific application areas such as fabric fin-
Penetrants; Preservatives; Protective colloids; Reducing agents; Res- ishes, dyeing, warp sizes, fiber lubricants, etc., the user is directed to the
ins; Retarding agents; Scouring agents; Sequestrants; Sizing agents; trade names and/or chemicals that have that specific functional/applica-
Soaping agents; Softeners; Soil repellents; Solvents; Stripping agents; tion attribute. The generic component names are distinguished from the
Thickeners; UV Absorbers; Warp sizes; Washing agents; Waterproofing trade names by italic type.
agents; Water repellents; Wetting agents; Whitening agents.
Part IV—Manufacturers Directory contains detailed contact informa-
The Handbook of Textile Processing Chemicals is designed to tion for the more than 2000 worldwide manufacturers and their branches
function as a selection tool for deciding which is the most appropriate of trade name products and chemical components that are referenced in
textile functional additive to use in formulation, processing, and waste this handbook. Wherever possible, telephone, telefax, toll-free num-
treatment. This reference centralizes information on these currently bers, e-mail and internet addresses, and complete mailing addresses
available chemicals and materials from major manufacturers by profiling are included for each manufacturer.
both trade name and generic chemicals, detailing their properties, uses,
use levels, regulatory status, toxicology, sources for purchase, etc. Appendixes
CAS Number Index contains CAS number entries followed by a listing
This reference is organized so that the reader can access information on of their trade name product and chemical equivalents in alphabetical
these functional chemicals based on the trade name, chemical composi- order. The chemical name is in boldfaced type.
tion, function and application area, manufacturer, CAS number, and
EINECS/ELINCS number. It is divided into four parts and includes four EINECS/ELINCS Number Index contains EINECS/ELINCS number
important Appendixes. entries followed by a listing of their trade name product and generic
chemical equivalents in alphabetical order. The chemical name is in
Part I—Trade Name Reference provides an alphabetical listing on boldfaced type.
more than 8700 trade name chemicals and materials that are used in
processing of textile materials. Each entry includes the manufacturer’s Glossary contains definitions of terminology associated with textile addi-
name; chemical/material description; its detailed functions and applica- tive and processing chemicals and their application areas.
tions in all aspects of industry; physical properties, such as form, molecu-
lar weight, density, solubility, boiling point, cloud point, flash point, pH, We are confident that those involved in formulating textiles will find this
freezing point, activity; toxicology, storage, precautions, etc. compendium an important addition to their reference library We are also

vii
pleased to provide this reference as an electronic product. We would especially like to express our gratitude to Roberta Dakan for
her contribution to standardizing the entry format and managing the
This reference is the culmination of many years of research, investiga- trade name and chemical database that represents the basis of this and
tion of product sources acquired through personal contacts and corre- future chemical references. Her untiring efforts have been instrumental
spondences with major chemical manufacturers worldwide, as well as in the production of this source book.
toxicological databases, chemical reference books, trade magazines
and journals.
M. & I. Ash

NOTE:

The information contained in this reference is accurate to the best of our knowledge; however, no liability will be assumed by the publisher or the
authors for the correctness or comprehensiveness of such information. The determination of the suitability of these products for prospective use
is the responsibility of the user. It is herewith recommended that those who plan to use any of the products referenced seek the manufacturers
instructions for the handling of that chemical.

viii
Contents
Preface .......................................................................................................................................................... vii
Abbreviations ....................................................................................................................................................... ix
Part I Trade Name Reference ..................................................................................................................1
Part II Chemical Component Cross-Reference ................................................................................... 527
Part III Functional/Application Index ................................................................................................... 875
Part IV Manufacturers Directory ......................................................................................................... 1001
Appendixes ...................................................................................................................................................... 1065
Appendix I CAS Number Index .................................................................................................................. 1067
Appendix II EINECS/ELINCS Number Index ................................................................................................. 1092
Glossary ....................................................................................................................................... 1104

v
Part I
Trade Name Reference

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 1


2 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS
A
6-570 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] nonyellowing, and a scroopy hand
Uses: Overspray fiber lubricant for nylon and polyester carpet fibers, impart- Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; dens. 8.60 lb/gal; visc. 100 cps; acid no. 14
ing thermal stability, exc. moisture regain, fiber-to-metal lubricity, and fiber-to- max.; pH 5.5 (5%); 96.5% solids; cationic
fiber cohesion for carding and spinning operations Toxicology: TSCA listed
Features: Exc. thermal props.; suitable for continuous heat setting; contains Storage: Store in a dry area
no mineral oil 6-809 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
Properties: Water-wh. clear liq.; highly water-sol.; dens. 9 lb/gal; visc. 170 Uses: Lubricant for polyester and nylon carpet fibers, imparting exc. moisture
cps; pH 7.5 (10% solids); 83% solids regain, fiber-to-metal lubricity, and fiber-to-fiber cohesion for carding and
Toxicology: TSCA listed spinning operations
Storage: Store in a dry area Features: Exc. thermal props.; suitable for continuous heat setting; meets
6-571 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] fogging test requirements for automobiles; contains no min. oil
Uses: Lubricant for spin finish in processing nylon fibers, imparting good fiber- Properties: Water-wh. clear liq.; highly water-sol.; dens. 9.0 lb/gal; visc. 170
to-fiber and fiber-to-metal lubricity, and exc. fiber-to-fiber cohesion cps; pH 7.5 (10% solids); 83% solids
Features: Low soiling props. Toxicology: TSCA listed
Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; highly water-sol.; dens. 8.6 lb/gal; visc. 115 Storage: Store in a dry area
cps; acid no. 5 max.; pH 7.35 (15% solids); 93% solids 6-826 Fiber Finish with Microbeshield [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
Toxicology: TSCA listed Uses: Lubricant, antistat, antimicrobial for PET polyester and BCF yarns
Storage: Store in a dry area Features: Low fiber-to-metal friction; exc. drawn yarn uniformity
6-573M Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Properties: Milky emulsion; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; acid no. 3 max.; pH 7 (10%
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for polyester and nylon fiber, providing good cohe- solids); 14.5% solids
sion, exc. fiber-to-fiber and fiber-to-metal lubricity Toxicology: TSCA listed
Features: Good thermal stability Storage: Store in a dry area
Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; cold water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.02; visc. 84 cps; pH 6-857 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
7.2 (15%); 75% act. Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PP staple and fibers for nonwoven applics.,
Toxicology: TSCA listed providing nonyellowing and exc. fiber-to-fiber cohesion
Storage: Store in a dry area Properties: Yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.65 lb/gal; visc. 150 cps; acid no. 15 max.;
6-580 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] pH 4.3 (5% solids); 90% solids; anionic
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for polyester and nylon fibers, imparting nonyellow- Toxicology: TSCA listed
ing, exc. moisture regain, soft feel to syn. fibers, exc. fiber-to-fiber and fiber- Storage: Store in a dry area
to-metal lubricity 6-859 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
Features: Heat-stable; noncorrosive; contains no min. oil Uses: Lubricant, antistat for BCF yarns, PP, providing bulking, cohesion
Properties: Near water-wh. clear liq.; cold water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.08; visc. 150 props. and ease of tufting into carpet; FDA textile applics.
cps; pH 7.5 (10%) Features: Produces soft hand; good thermal stability; nonyellowing
Toxicology: TSCA listed Regulatory: FDA listed
Storage: Store in a dry area Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 200 cps; acid no. 15
6-587 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] max.; pH 7.5 (10% solids); 91% min. solids
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for polyester and high denier nylon fibers, imparting Toxicology: TSCA listed
exc. moisture regain, exc. fiber-to-fiber and fiber-to-metal lubricity, and fiber- Storage: Store in a dry area
to-fiber cohesion for carding and spinning operations 6-879 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
Features: Good thermal stability; noncorrosive Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PP filament yarns, BCF PP, providing bulking,
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; cold water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.08; visc. 154 cps; pH med. scroop props., cohesion, and ease of tufting into carpet
7.4 (15%) Features: Low soiling props.
Toxicology: TSCA listed Properties: Near water-wh. clear liq.; dens. 8.85 lb/gal; visc. 80 cps; pH 4.3
Storage: Store in a dry area (10% solids); 89% min. solids
6-770 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Toxicology: TSCA listed
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PP staple and BCF yarns, providing cohesion, Storage: Store in a dry area
bulking and ease of tufting into carpet 6-887 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
Features: Low soiling; high scroop props. Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PET staple, carpet fiber and fiber fill, providing
Properties: Yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.59 lb/gal; visc. 135 SUS (100 F); acid no. exc. fiber-to-fiber cohesion, good fiber-to-metal lubricity, and exc. fiber wet-
12 max.; pH 5.3 (5% solids) ting for spinning and drawing
Toxicology: TSCA listed Properties: Water-wh. clear to hazy liq.; dens. 8.85 lb/gal; visc. 330 cps; pH
Storage: Store in a dry area 6.2 (10%); 79% min. solids
6-798 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Toxicology: TSCA listed
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PP staple for nonwovens, imparting cohesion and Storage: Store in a dry area

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 3


6-894 Fiber Finish

6-894 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] solids; nonionic


Uses: Lubricant, antistat for BCF nylon and PP, providing bulking, thermal Toxicology: TSCA listed
stability, ease of tufting into carpet Storage: Store in a dry area
Features: Applied neat 6-1000 AM [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.4 lb/gal; visc. 120 cps; acid no. 4 max.; Uses: Lubricant, antistat, antimicrobial for rayon staple
pH 5.5 (10% solids); 95% solids Features: Low fiber-to-metal friction
Toxicology: TSCA listed Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.55 lb/gal; pH 5.5 (67%); 3.4% solids;
Storage: Store in a dry area < 2.5% free fatty acid
6-896 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Toxicology: TSCA listed
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PET staple yarns and BCF yarns, providing high Storage: Store in a dry area
scroop, bulking, cohesion, nonyellowing, ease of tufting into carpet, and high 6-1006 [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles]
resilience to carpet fibers Uses: Lubricant for PP staple, BCF yarns, Tricot yarns
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.65 lb/gal; visc. 140 cps; acid no. 4 Features: Low fiber-to-metal friction; low fiber-to-fiber friction for carding; exc.
max.; pH 7.1 (10%); 72% solids drawn yarn uniformity
Toxicology: TSCA listed Properties: Yel. clear liq.; dens. 9.0 lb/gal; visc. 170 cps; pH 7.5 (10%);
Storage: Store in a dry area 75% solids
6-897 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Toxicology: TSCA listed
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PET staple yarns and BCF yarns, providing high Storage: Store in a dry area
scroop, bulking, cohesion, nonyellowing, ease of tufting into carpet, and high 50W AXB [Eastman]
resilience to carpet fibers Chem. Descrip.: Natural/syn. blend
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.65 lb/gal; visc. 140 cps; acid no. 4 Uses: Warp sizing agent for textiles
max.; pH 7.1 (10%); 72% solids Features: Compat. with starch, CMC, PVA
Toxicology: TSCA listed Properties: Flakes; m.p. 49-52 C; 42-48% saponifiables
Storage: Store in a dry area Abcolene H-30 [Abco Ind.]
6-905 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene
Uses: Lubricant for BCF nylon yarns esp. as a spin finish, and for PET staple CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
yarns, providing exc. fiber-to-fiber cohesion, good fiber-to-fiber and fiber-to- Uses: Hand modifier, softener for textiles; sewing lubricant
metal lubricity Properties: M.p. 111 C; pH 9.0; 30% solids; nonionic
Features: Low soiling props. Abex® 12S [Rhodia HPCII]
Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; dens. 8.6 lb/gal; visc. 115 cps; acid no. 5 Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkyl ether sulfate
max.; pH 7.35 (15%); 93% solids Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate, acrylates, methacrylates, styrene, butadi-
Toxicology: TSCA listed ene polymerization for paper coatings, textile coatings, paints, adhesives,
Storage: Store in a dry area industrial coatings
6-910 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; anionic
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PP fiber and staple and rayon fiber esp. for open- Abex® 18S [Rhodia HPCII]
end spinning applics., providing cohesion and nonyellowing Chem. Descrip.: Proprietary/sodium
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.75 lb/gal; visc. 115 cps; acid no. 15 Uses: Detergent, emulsifier for polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates,
max.; pH 4.3 (5%); 80% solids styrene, butadiene; mineral oil emulsifier; rewetting agent; surfactant for
Toxicology: TSCA listed paper coatings, textile coatings, paints, adhesives, industrial coatings, floor
Storage: Store in a dry area polishes; in food pkg. adhesives; in paper/paperboard in contact with aq./
6-940 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] fatty/dry foods
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for BCF PP and PP filament, providing nonyellow- Features: Low foaming
ing, exc. fiber-to-metal lubricity, and contributing to good needle ear for PP Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180
used for knitted apparel or woven prods. Properties: Gardner 2 clear liq.; dens. 8.5 lb/gal; visc. 1000 cps; cloud pt. 10
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.10 lb/gal; visc. 35 cps; acid no. 4 max.; C (lower), > 100 C (upper); pH 7.5-8.5 (10%); surf. tens. 48 dynes/cm
pH 4.3 (10%); 90% min. solids (1%); Draves wetting 45-50 s (0.1%); 35% act.; anionic
Toxicology: TSCA listed Abex® 22S [Rhodia HPCII]
Storage: Store in a dry area Chem. Descrip.: Proprietary/sodium
6-944 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Uses: Detergent, emulsifier for use in polymerization of vinyl acetate and
Uses: Lubricant, antistat for PP, BCF yarns, providing bulking, cohesion acrylates; mineral oil emulsifier; rewetting agent; surfactant for paper coat-
props., ease of tufting into carpet, and producing improved wet out chars. ings, textile coatings, paints, adhesives, industrial coatings, floor polish,
and soft hand on fibers pigment binders; in food pkg. adhesives; in paper/paperboard in contact with
Features: Good thermal stability; nonyellowing aq./fatty/dry foods
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 200 cps; pH 7.5 (10%); Features: Low foaming
91% min. solids Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180
Toxicology: TSCA listed Properties: Pale yel. liq.; dens. 8.7 lb/gal; visc. 1000 cps; cloud pt. 23 C
Storage: Store in a dry area (lower), > 100 C (upper); pH 8 (10%); surf. tens. 55 dynes/cm (@ CMC);
6-986 Fiber Finish with Microbeshield [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] 25% solids; anionic
Uses: Lubricant, antistat, antimicrobial for PP staple and BCF yarns Abex® 23S [Rhodia HPCII]
Features: Low fiber-to-metal friction; exc. drawn yarn uniformity Chem. Descrip.: Sodium laureth sulfate
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.4 lb/gal; acid no. 3 max.; pH 5 (10% CAS 9004-82-4; EINECS/ELINCS 221-416-0
solids); 18% solids Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates,
Toxicology: TSCA listed methacrylates, styrene, butadiene for paper coatings, textile coatings, paints,
Storage: Store in a dry area adhesives, industrial coatings
6-987 Fiber Finish [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Properties: Liq.; surf. tens. 40 dynes/cm (@ CMC); 60% conc.; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophilic polyester disp. Abex® 26S [Rhodia HPCII]
Uses: Dyebath lubricant, leveling agent, finishing treatment to impart hydro- Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkylaryl ethoxy sulfate
philic props. to polyester and polyester blend fibers; improves wet and dry Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates,
crockfastness; finishing agent providing antistatic effect, soil release props. methacrylates, styrene, butadiene for paper coatings, textile coatings, paints,
which are durable to home launderings adhesives, industrial coatings; food pkg. adhesives; component in paper/
Features: Good stability; minimally foaming paperboard in contact with aq./fatty/dry foods
Properties: Milky tan emulsion; forms stable dilutions with water; 15% Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180; BGA XIV compliance

4 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Ablunol 600DO

Properties: Pale yel. liq.; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 100 cps; cloud pt. 10 C acrylic monomers, latexes for thickening, alkali-sol. resins, metalized floor
(lower), > 100 C (upper); pH 8 (10%); surf. tens. 55 dynes/cm (@ CMC); finishes, textile sizing agents and hand modifiers; food pkg. adhesives,
33% solids; anionic paper
Abex® 33S [Rhodia HPCII] Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170; BGA XIV compliance
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkylaryl ethoxy sulfate Properties: Clear liq.; pH 6.5; surf. tens. 40 dynes/cm (@ CMC); 30%
Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates, solids; anionic
methacrylates, styrene, butadiene for paper coatings, textile coatings, paints, Ablumine 18 [Taiwan Surf.]
adhesives, industrial coatings; base for scrub soaps, rug shampoos, gen- Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl (4% C16, 92% C18) benzyl dimethyl quat.
eral detergent applics.; lime soap dispersant CAS 8001-54-5
Properties: Gardner 5 clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.06; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 1500 cps Uses: Conditioner, softener, antistat for human hair, wool, cotton, other cellu-
max.; cloud pt. 20 C max.; pH 7.5-9.0 (10%); surf. tens. 37 dynes/cm (@ losic fibers
CMC); 26-28% act.; anionic Properties: Paste; 25% act.; cationic
Abex® 3594 [Rhodia HPCII] Ablumine DHT75 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Aq. surfactant blend Chem. Descrip.: Dihydrogenated tallow dimethyl ammonium methosulfate
Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier for latex or paper coatings, carpet backings, CAS 61789-81-9; EINECS/ELINCS 263-091-8
textiles, pressure-sensitive adhesives, esp. S/B, styrene/acrylic, and acrylic Uses: Base for hair conditioners and creme rinses; imparts softness, man-
emulsion polymer systems ageability, and antistatic props. to hair; emulsifier for creams and lotions;
Features: Low color, mech. stability, low coagulum in latex systems; water antistat, fabric softener for dryer sheets
resist. Properties: Soft paste; 75% act.; cationic
Properties: Gardner 10 max. clear liq.; water-sol.; dens. 1.06 g/ml; visc. 30- Ablumine DHT90 [Taiwan Surf.]
100 cps; f.p. -1 C; flash pt. > 100 C; pH 7.8-8.8 (10%); surf. tens. 32 Chem. Descrip.: Dihydrogenated tallow dimethyl ammonium methosulfate
dynes/cm (@ CMC); 397.5-39.5% NV solids; anionic CAS 61789-81-9; EINECS/ELINCS 263-091-8
Abex® AAE-301 [Rhodia HPCII] Uses: Antistat, fabric softener for dryer sheets
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium octylphenol ethoxy sulfate Properties: Almost wh. solid; 90% act.; cationic
Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates, Ablumul EP [Taiwan Surf.]
methacrylates, styrene, butadiene for paper coatings, textile coatings, paints, Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant
adhesives, industrial coatings Uses: Emulsifier, thickener for textile printing
Properties: Liq.; 20% conc.; anionic Properties: Nonionic
Abex® EP-100 [Rhodia HPCII] Ablunol 200ML [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium nonoxynol-4 sulfate Chem. Descrip.: PEG 200 laurate
CAS 9051-57-4 CAS 9004-81-3
Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates, Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent, defoamer in cosmet-
methacrylates, styrene, butadiene, latex for adhesives, paints, paper coat- ics, textiles, paints, dyestuffs, and other industrial uses
ings, textile, and industrial and architectural coatings; surfactant for mild light- Properties: Liq.; HLB 9.5; 100% act.; nonionic
duty liqs. Ablunol 200MO [Taiwan Surf.]
Features: No VOC or alcohol Chem. Descrip.: PEG 200 oleate
Properties: Gardner 3 max. clear to sl. cloudy liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.04; CAS 9004-96-0; EINECS/ELINCS 233-293-0
f.p. -2 C; flash pt. > 100 C; pH 6.5-7.5; surf. tens. 33 dynes/cm (@ CMC); Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent in cosmetics, textiles,
26-28% act.; anionic leather, paints, and other industrial uses
Abex® EP-110 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Properties: Liq.; HLB 7.9; 100% act.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium nonoxynol-9 sulfate Ablunol 200MS [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 9051-57-4 Chem. Descrip.: PEG 200 stearate
Uses: Primary emulsifier and stabilizer for vinyl acetate, vinyl acetate/ CAS 9004-99-3; EINECS/ELINCS 203-358-8
acrylic, all acrylic, styrene/acrylic, and S/B emulsion copolymers; wetting Uses: Emulsifier, thickener, lubricant, softener, defoamer, dispersant, leveling
agent, dispersant for agric. formulations; surfactant for adhesives, paints, agent in cosmetics, textiles, paints, and other industrial uses
paper, textiles, and industrial coatings; food pkg. adhesives; component of Properties: Solid; HLB 8.0; 100% act.; nonionic
paper/paperboard in contact with dry foods Ablunol 400ML [Taiwan Surf.]
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.180; EPA compliance; BGA XIV Chem. Descrip.: PEG 400 laurate
compliance CAS 9004-81-3; EINECS/ELINCS 253-458-0
Properties: Pale yel. liq.; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 91.0 cks; pour pt. 0 C; surf. tens. Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent, defoamer in cosmet-
38.3 dynes/cm (1%); 30% act.; anionic ics, textiles, paints, dyestuffs, and other industrial uses
Abex® EP-120 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Properties: Liq.; HLB 13.1; 100% act.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium nonoxynol-30 sulfate Ablunol 400MO [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 9051-57-4 Chem. Descrip.: PEG 400 oleate
Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates, CAS 9004-96-0
methacrylates, styrene, butadiene for paints, adhesives, paper, textile, and Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent in cosmetics, textiles,
industrial coatings; stabilizer; wetting agent, dispersant for agric. formula- leather, paints, and other industrial uses
tions; food pkg. adhesives, paper Properties: Liq.; HLB 11.5; 100% act.; nonionic
Features: Provides mech. and freeze/thaw stability Ablunol 400MS [Taiwan Surf.]
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.180; BGA XIV compliance Chem. Descrip.: PEG 400 stearate
Properties: Pale yel. liq.; sp.gr. 1.06; visc. 111 cks; pour pt. 8 C; surf. tens. CAS 9004-99-3
40 dynes/cm (1%); 30% solids; anionic Uses: Emulsifier, thickener, lubricant, softener, defoamer, dispersant, leveling
Abex® EP-277 [Rhodia HPCII] agent in cosmetics, textiles, paints, and other industrial uses
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium octylphenol ethoxy sulfate Properties: Solid; HLB 11.6; 100% act.; nonionic
CAS 69011-84-3 Ablunol 400MT [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Emulsifier for emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate, acrylates, Chem. Descrip.: PEG 400 monotallate
methacrylates, styrene, butadiene for adhesives, paints, paper, textile, and CAS 61791-00-2
industrial coatings Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for polyester; general emulsifier for textiles,
Properties: Liq.; 30% conc.; anionic leather, and other industrial uses
Abex® JKB [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Properties: Liq.; HLB 11.5; 100% solid; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Proprietary ammonium surfactant Ablunol 600DO [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Emulsifier for high-acid polymerization systems, highly carboxylated Chem. Descrip.: PEG 600 dioleate

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 5


Ablunol 600ML

CAS 9005-07-6; EINECS/ELINCS 288-459-5 CAS 3055-97-8; EINECS/ELINCS 221-283-9


Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for polyester; general emulsifier for textiles, Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process-
leather, and other industrial uses ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners
Properties: Liq.; HLB 10.3; 100% solid; nonionic Properties: Liq.; HLB 12.1; cloud pt. 28-38 C; 100% act.; nonionic
Ablunol 600ML [Taiwan Surf.] Ablunol LA-9 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 600 laurate Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-9
CAS 9004-81-3 CAS 3055-99-0; EINECS/ELINCS 221-284-4
Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent, defoamer in cosmet- Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process-
ics, textiles, paints, dyestuffs, and other industrial uses ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners
Properties: Liq.; HLB 15.0; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Liq.; HLB 13.3; cloud pt. 51-61 C; 100% act.; nonionic
Ablunol 600MO [Taiwan Surf.] Ablunol LA-12 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 600 oleate Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-12
CAS 9004-96-0 CAS 3056-00-6; EINECS/ELINCS 221-286-5
Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent in cosmetics, textiles, Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process-
leather, paints, and other industrial uses ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners
Properties: Liq.; HLB 13.5; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Liq.; HLB 14.5; cloud pt. 78-88 C; 100% act.; nonionic
Ablunol 600MS [Taiwan Surf.] Ablunol LA-16 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 600 stearate Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-16
CAS 9004-99-3 CAS 9002-92-0
Uses: Emulsifier, thickener, lubricant, softener, defoamer, dispersant, leveling Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process-
agent in cosmetics, textiles, paints, and other industrial uses ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners
Properties: Solid; HLB 13.6; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Semisolid; HLB 15.2; 100% act.; nonionic
Ablunol 600MT [Taiwan Surf.] Ablunol LA-40 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 600 monotallate Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-40
CAS 61791-00-2 CAS 9002-92-0
Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for polyester; general emulsifier for textiles, Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process-
leather, and other industrial uses ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners
Properties: Liq.; HLB 10.3; 100% solid; nonionic Properties: Solid; HLB 18.0; 100% act.; nonionic
Ablunol 1000MO [Taiwan Surf.] Ablunol NP8 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 1000 oleate Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-8
CAS 9004-96-0 CAS 9016-45-9
Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent in cosmetics, textiles, Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, emulsifier for textile scouring, warp sizing,
paints, and other industrial uses carbonizing and bleaching, household/industrial cleaners
Properties: Solid; HLB 15.2; 100% conc.; nonionic Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.05; HLB 12.3; cloud pt. 37-42 C; 100%
Ablunol 1000MS [Taiwan Surf.] act.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 1000 stearate Ablunol NP9 [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 9004-99-3 Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-9
Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant, dispersant, leveling agent in cosmetics, textiles, CAS 9016-45-9
paints, and other industrial uses Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, emulsifier for textile scouring, warp sizing,
Properties: Solid; HLB 15.2; 100% conc.; nonionic carbonizing and bleaching, household/industrial cleaners, paper, and leather
Ablunol 6000DS [Taiwan Surf.] industries; wetting agent in metal processing
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 6000 distearate Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.05; HLB 12.9; cloud pt. 50-56 C; 100%
CAS 9005-08-7 act.; nonionic
Uses: Emulsifier, thickener for cosmetics, pigment preparations, textile print- Ablunol NP15 [Taiwan Surf.]
ing Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-15
Properties: Flake; HLB 19.0; 100% act.; nonionic CAS 9016-45-9
Ablunol 6000DS-1 [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant, wetting agent, penetrant used in heavy-duty alkaline clean-
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 10,000 distearate ers, metal cleaners and bottle washing formulations; high temp. textile scour-
CAS 9005-08-7 ing agent
Uses: Surfactant; thickener and emulsifier for cosmetics and textile printing Properties: Liq.; sp.gr. 1.07 (40 C); HLB 15.0; cloud pt. 92-96 C; 100% act.;
pastes (reducer) nonionic
Properties: Flake; HLB 19.0; 100% solid; nonionic Ablunol NP20 [Taiwan Surf.]
Ablunol GMS [Taiwan Surf.] Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-20
Chem. Descrip.: Glyceryl stearate CAS 9016-45-9
CAS 123-94-4 Uses: Surfactant, wetting agent, penetrant used in heavy-duty alkaline clean-
Uses: Emulsifier for hand creams/lotions, cosmetics; textile lubricant, soft- ers, metal cleaners and bottle washing formulations; high temp. textile scour-
ener ing agent
Properties: Solid; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Semisolid; sp.gr. 1.07 (50 C); HLB 16.0; cloud pt. 71 C (1% in
Ablunol LA-3 [Taiwan Surf.] 10% NaCl); 100% act.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-3 Ablunol NP30 [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 3055-94-5; EINECS/ELINCS 221-280-2 Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-30
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process- CAS 9016-45-9
ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate and acrylate emulsion polymerizations,
Properties: Liq.; HLB 7.9; 100% act.; nonionic latex paints, floor finishes, paper coatings, textiles; stabilizer
Ablunol LA-5 [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Solid; sp.gr. 1.08 (50 C); HLB 17.1; cloud pt. 74 C (1% in 10%
Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-5 NaCl); 100% act.; nonionic
CAS 3055-95-6; EINECS/ELINCS 221-281-8 Ablunol NP30 70% [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, wetting agent used in textile process- Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-30
ing, cosmetics, metalworking compds., agric., industrial cleaners CAS 9016-45-9
Properties: Liq.; HLB 10.5; 100% act.; nonionic Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate and acrylate emulsion polymerizations,
Ablunol LA-7 [Taiwan Surf.] latex paints, floor finishes, paper coatings, textiles; stabilizer
Chem. Descrip.: Laureth-7 Properties: Liq.; HLB 17.1; cloud pt. 74 C (1% in 10% NaCl); 70% act.;

6 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Ablusoft KC

nonionic Uses: Surfactant; antistat, lubricant for textiles


Ablunol NP40 [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; 100% solid; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-40 Ablusoft 3992 [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 9016-45-9 Chem. Descrip.: Silicone emulsion
Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate and acrylate emulsion polymerizations, Uses: Surfactant; textile finishing agent imparting exc. sewability
latex paints, floor finishes, paper coatings, textiles; stabilizer Features: No degradation or influence to whiteness; economical grade
Properties: Solid; sp.gr. 1.08 (50 C); HLB 17.8; cloud pt. 76 C (1% in 10% Properties: Liq.; 18% act.; cationic
NaCl); 100% act.; nonionic Ablusoft A300K [Taiwan Surf.]
Ablunol NP40 70% [Taiwan Surf.] Chem. Descrip.: Stearyl amido quat.
Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-40 Uses: Surfactant; softener which imparts good elastic and bulky handling for
CAS 9016-45-9 acrylic fiber and its blends
Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate and acrylate emulsion polymerizations, Properties: Flake; hot water-dilutable; 100% act.; cationic
latex paints, floor finishes, paper coatings, textiles; stabilizer Ablusoft A300T [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq.; HLB 17.8; cloud pt. 76 C (1% in 10% NaCl); 70% act.; Uses: Surfactant; hot water dilutable softener for cotton, polyester, polyamide
nonionic and its blends
Ablunol NP50 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Very low yellowing
Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-50 Properties: Flake; 100% act.; cationic
CAS 9016-45-9 Ablusoft AC300 [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate and acrylate emulsion polymerizations, Uses: Surfactant; cheese oiling agent for dyed knitting yarn; softener; lubricant
latex paints, floor finishes, paper coatings, textiles; stabilizer Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; cationic
Properties: Solid; sp.gr. 1.08 (60 C); HLB 18.2; cloud pt. 76 C (1% in 10% Ablusoft AC500 [Taiwan Surf.]
NaCl); 100% act.; nonionic Uses: Surfactant; cheese oiling agent for dyed knitting yarn; softener; lubricant
Ablunol NP50 70% [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-50 Ablusoft ACB150 [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 9016-45-9 Uses: Surfactant; softener for textiles
Uses: Emulsifier for vinyl acetate and acrylate emulsion polymerizations, Features: Exc. elastic and bulky effect
latex paints, floor finishes, paper coatings, textiles; stabilizer Properties: Liq.; 14% act.; cationic
Properties: Liq.; HLB 18.2; cloud pt. 76 C (1% in 10% NaCl); 70% act.; Ablusoft ACG [Taiwan Surf.]
nonionic Uses: Surfactant; softener for silk, linen, acrylic, and other fabrics
Ablunol S-20 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Provides wet-soft handling
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan laurate Properties: Liq.; 12% act.; cationic
CAS 1338-39-2; EINECS/ELINCS 215-663-3 Ablusoft ACSN [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, thickener for cosmetics, pharmaceuti- Uses: Surfactant; softener for cotton, polyester, polyamide and its blends
cals, food applics.; textile fiber lubricant, softener; antifog agent Features: Very low yellowing; hot water dilutable
Properties: Oily liq.; oil-sol.; water-disp.; HLB 8.6; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Flake; 100% act.; cationic
Ablunol S-40 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablusoft ALP [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan palmitate Uses: Surfactant; antistat for syn. fabrics
CAS 26266-57-9; EINECS/ELINCS 247-568-8 Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; anionic
Uses: Emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, thickener for cosmetics, pharmaceuti- Ablusoft ALS [Taiwan Surf.]
cals, food applics.; textile fiber lubricant, softener; antifog agent Chem. Descrip.: Stearyl amido quat.
Properties: Waxy solid; oil-sol.; HLB 6.7; nonionic Uses: Surfactant; softener for cotton and its blends
Ablunol S-60 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Very low yellowing; cold water dilutable
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan stearate Properties: Flake; 100% act.; cationic
CAS 1338-41-6; EINECS/ELINCS 215-664-9 Ablusoft ALT [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, thickener for cosmetics, pharmaceuti- Uses: Surfactant; high conc. softener
cals, food applics.; textile fiber lubricant, softener; antifog agent; silicone Features: Ease of handling
defoamer emulsions Properties: Liq.; 90% act.; cationic
Properties: Waxy flake; HLB 4.7; 100% act.; nonionic Ablusoft AOC [Taiwan Surf.]
Ablunol S-80 [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant; softener for silk, linen, acrylic, and other fabrics
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan oleate Features: Provides dry-soft handling
CAS 1338-43-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-665-4 Properties: Liq.; 20% act.; cationic
Uses: Emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, thickener for cosmetics, pharmaceuti- Ablusoft ATC [Taiwan Surf.]
cals, food applics.; textile fiber lubricant, softener; antifog agent; wet pro- Uses: Surfactant; softener for cotton and its blends
cessing of syn. PU leather; inc. coagulation speed of PU resins Features: Very low yellowing; cold water dilutable
Properties: Oily liq.; HLB 4.3; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Flake; 100% act.; cationic
Ablunol S-85 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablusoft CNA [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan trioleate Chem. Descrip.: Fatty amido quat.
CAS 26266-58-0; EINECS/ELINCS 247-569-3 Uses: Surfactant; softener for textiles for household and industrial use
Uses: Emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, thickener for cosmetics, pharmaceuti- Properties: Solid; 90% act.; cationic
cals, food applics.; textile fiber lubricant, softener; antifog agent Environmental: Biodeg.
Properties: Oily liq.; HLB 1.8; 100% act.; nonionic Ablusoft HPE [Taiwan Surf.]
Abluphat ALP17 [Taiwan Surf.] Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene wax emulsion
Chem. Descrip.: Nonyl phenol 9 phosphate CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
CAS 51609-41-7; EINECS/ELINCS 266-231-6 Uses: Surfactant; improves sewability
Uses: Surfactant; antistat and lubricant for textiles Features: Improves tear and abrasion str. from resin finish; made from special
Properties: Liq.; 100% solid; anionic high m.p. PE wax
Abluphat ALP430 [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; 18% act.; cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Nonyl phenyl 4 phosphate Ablusoft KA [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; antistat, lubricant for textiles Uses: Surfactant; napping assistant (raising) for cotton and its blends
Properties: Liq.; 30% solid; anionic Properties: Liq.; 19% act.; anionic
Abluphat TS300 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablusoft KC [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Stearyl alcohol ethoxylate phosphate Uses: Surfactant; napping assistant (raising) for cotton and its blends

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 7


Ablusoft KS30

Properties: Liq.; 10% act.; cationic Properties: Liq.; 70% conc.; anionic
Ablusoft KS30 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablusol M70 [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; napping assistant (raising) for spun and other polyester Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sulfosuccinate in methanol
blends Uses: Surfactant; penetrant, wetting agent for industrial applics. incl. agric.
Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; nonionic and textiles; wet process PU leather additive
Ablusoft NB150 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Used widely at mild acid to mild alkali applic.
Uses: Surfactant; softener Properties: Liq.; sp.gr. 1.08 ± 0.02; 70% solid; anionic
Features: Nonyellowing; performs better than cationic softeners Ablusol NL [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq.; 15% act.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Sodium naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensate
Ablusoft NCS [Taiwan Surf.] CAS 9084-06-4
Uses: Surfactant; softener Uses: Dispersant and antiagglomerant for dyestuffs, pigments, agric., in the
Features: Nonyellowing processing of polyester and acetate fabrics
Properties: Flake; 100% act.; nonionic Properties: Liq.; 40% act.; anionic
Ablusoft ND [Taiwan Surf.] Ablutex 5730 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant Uses: Surfactant; dispersant for high-temp. jet dyeing and dyeing of polyester
Uses: Softener, antistat in resin finishing of cotton and synthetics Properties: Liq.; anionic
Features: General purpose Ablutex AN [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Flake; 100% conc.; weakly cationic Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for dyeing acrylic fibers
Ablusoft OA100 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: High migrating power
Chem. Descrip.: Fatty amido quat. Properties: Liq.; cationic
Uses: Surfactant; softener with good rewetting and water absorbency for Ablutex AP120 [Taiwan Surf.]
towel and underwear Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier, scouring agent, penetrant for textiles
Properties: Liq.; 93% act.; cationic Features: Low foaming, mild alkali tolerance
Ablusoft PE25 [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene wax emulsion Ablutex AP300 [Taiwan Surf.]
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 Uses: Surfactant, scouring agent, penetrant for cotton, polyester/cotton blends
Uses: Surfactant; improves sewability Features: Low foaming, high alkali tolerance
Features: Improves tear and abrasion str. from resin finish Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
Properties: Liq.; 25% act.; nonionic Ablutex AP320S [Taiwan Surf.]
Ablusoft SD530 [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant, scouring agent, penetrant for textiles
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone emulsion Features: Low foaming, high alkali tolerance and exc. rewettability
Uses: Surfactant; improves sewability Properties: Viscous liq.; anionic/nonionic
Features: No degradation or influence to whiteness Ablutex AP360 [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; nonionic Uses: Surfactant, scouring agent, wetting agent, penetrant for cotton, polyes-
Ablusoft SK [Taiwan Surf.] ter/cotton blends
Uses: Surfactant; softener with exc. rewetting, water absorbent for towel and Features: Conc. form of Ablutex AP300; low foaming, high alkali tolerance
underwear Properties: Viscous liq.; anionic/nonionic
Features: Nonyellowing Ablutex AP500 [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Solid; 96% act.; anionic Uses: Surfactant, scouring agent, penetrant for textiles
Ablusoft SN [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Low foaming, high alkali tolerance
Chem. Descrip.: Amino-modified silicone Properties: Viscous liq.; anionic/nonionic
Uses: Softener for fabrics, imparting soft, silky hand to cotton and syn. fiber Ablutex BB [Taiwan Surf.]
blends Uses: Surfactant; dyeing equip. cleaner
Properties: Liq.; cationic Features: Effectively removes coagulated dyes, oligomer and stain dirt
Ablusoft SN10 [Taiwan Surf.] rapidly
Uses: Surfactant; softener that imparts soft, silky, elastic and wet hand for Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
cotton, syn. fibers and its blends Ablutex BT [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq.; 10% act.; cationic Uses: Dispersant and leveling agent for polyester; barré preventing agent
Ablusoft SN301 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Exc. migrating and covering effect
Uses: Surfactant; softener that imparts soft, silky, elastic and wet hand for Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
cotton, syn. fibers and its blends Ablutex CHT [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq.; 30% act.; cationic Uses: Surfactant; carrier for high temp. dyeing of polyester fibers; barré
Ablusoft SNC [Taiwan Surf.] preventing and covering agent; leveling agent
Chem. Descrip.: Amino-modified silicone Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
Uses: Softener for fabrics Ablutex CM30 [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; cationic Uses: Penetrant, wetting agent; mercerizing agent for cotton at continuous
Ablusoft SN Conc. [Taiwan Surf.] process
Uses: Surfactant; softener that imparts soft, silky, elastic and wet hand for Features: Low foaming
cotton, syn. fibers and its blends Properties: Liq.; anionic
Features: Conc. form of Ablusoft SN, easily diluted and neutralized to pro- Ablutex CMN [Taiwan Surf.]
duce lower conc. micro-emulsion Chem. Descrip.: Methyl naphthalene type
Properties: Paste; 81% act.; cationic CAS 90-12-0; EINECS/ELINCS 201-966-8
Ablusol C-70 [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant; carrier for bleaching and dyeing polyester and its blends
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sulfosuccinate in glycol solv. Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
Uses: Wetting agent for industrial applics.; penetrant, wetting agent for bleach- Ablutex CP30 [Taiwan Surf.]
ing of cotton, agric. applics. Uses: Penetrant and wetting agent for alkali weight reduction of polyester at
Properties: Liq.; sp.gr. 1.05; 70% act.; anionic continuous process
Ablusol C-78 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Low foaming
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate Properties: Liq.; anionic
CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4 Ablutex CTM [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Wetting agent for textiles, PU leather, emulsion polymerization, agric. Chem. Descrip.: Trichlorobenzene type carrier
emulsions, and other industrial applics. Uses: Surfactant; carrier for bleaching and dyeing polyester and its blends

8 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Abluton CTP

Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for direct and reactive dyes
Ablutex DB18 [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Gives clear and deep color
Uses: Surfactant, anticreasing agent in textiles Properties: Liq.; anionic
Features: Prevents crease, rope mark, etc.; high alkali and salt tolerance; Ablutex RT430 [Taiwan Surf.]
low foaming Uses: Surfactant; dispersant, leveling agent for high temp. jet dyeing of
Properties: Liq.; anionic polyester
Ablutex DB25 [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
Uses: Surfactant, anticreasing agent in textiles Ablutex RT492 [Taiwan Surf.]
Features: Prevents crease, rope mark, etc.; high alkali and salt tolerance, Uses: Surfactant; dispersant and leveling agent for high temp. jet dyeing of
low foaming polyester
Properties: Paste; anionic Features: Conc. form of Ablutex RT430
Ablutex DSD [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Polyamide type Ablutex SEQ7 [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; fastness improver for direct dyes Uses: Surfactant; high chelating power to ferric ion for textiles
Properties: Liq.; cationic Properties: Liq.; anionic
Ablutex DSM [Taiwan Surf.] Ablutex SEQ100 [Taiwan Surf.]
Chem. Descrip.: Polyamine type Chem. Descrip.: Polycarboxylic acid low m.w. polymer
Uses: Surfactant; fastness improver for reactive and direct dyes Uses: Surfactant; chelating agent and dispersant for metal ions, oligomer and
Features: Formalin-free acrylic size at desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, and soaping process
Properties: Liq.; cationic Properties: Liq.; anionic
Ablutex EP2 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablutex SEQ100A [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Penetrant and wetting agent for cold-pad-batch process or indigo Uses: Surfactant; chelating agent and dispersant for metal ions, oligomer and
dyeing; leveling agent acrylic size at desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, and soaping process
Features: Low foaming, high alkali tolerance Features: Acid form of Ablutex SEQ100; can be easily neutralized with
Properties: Liq.; anionic caustic soda to produce Ablutex SEQ100
Ablutex FLO [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; anionic
Uses: Surfactant; alkali to replace soda ash when dyed with reactive dyes Ablutex SEQ200 [Taiwan Surf.]
Properties: Liq. Chem. Descrip.: Polycarboxylic acid low m.w. polymer
Ablutex LN [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Surfactant; chelating agent and dispersant for metal ions, oligomer and
Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for dyeing nylon fibers with acid dyes acrylic size at desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, and soaping process
Properties: Liq.; nonionic Properties: Liq.; anionic
Ablutex LN870 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablutex SEQ300 [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for dyeing nylon with leveling or milling acid Chem. Descrip.: Polycarboxylic acid low m.w. polymer
dyes Uses: Surfactant; chelating agent, dispersant for metal ions, oligomer and
Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic acrylic size at desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, and soaping process
Ablutex LT [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Liq.; anionic
Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent for disperse dyes for polyester textiles Ablutex SEQ500 [Taiwan Surf.]
Features: Migrating and retarding effect Uses: Surfactant; dispersant, solubilizer for dyeing of disperse dyes
Properties: Liq.; nonionic Properties: Liq.; anionic
Ablutex MK3059 [Taiwan Surf.] Ablutex ST600A [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; leveling agent, preventing precipitation and staining for A/N, Uses: Textile auxiliary acting as stabilizer for hydrogen peroxide bleaching,
A/W one-bath dyeing exhibits stabilizing and chelating props.
Properties: Liq.; nonionic Properties: Liq. (20 C); anionic
Ablutex NL [Taiwan Surf.] Ablutex ST600B [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; dispersant for disperse dyes for polyester textiles Uses: Textile auxiliary acting as stabilizer for hydrogen peroxide bleaching,
Properties: Liq.; anionic exhibits stabilizing and chelating props.
Ablutex OK [Taiwan Surf.] Features: Lower conc. than Ablutex ST600A
Uses: Surfactant; scouring agent, penetrant for continuous desizing, scouring, Properties: Liq. (20 C); anionic
and bleaching process Ablutex SW301 [Taiwan Surf.]
Features: Low foaming, high alkali tolerance Uses: Surfactant; prevents precipitation and staining for A/N, A/W one-bath
Properties: Viscous liq.; anionic/nonionic dyeing
Ablutex OL [Taiwan Surf.] Properties: Flake; nonionic
Uses: Surfactant; scouring agent, penetrant for continuous desizing, scouring, Ablutex TS330 [Taiwan Surf.]
and bleaching process Uses: Surfactant; soaping agent for dyed or printed with reactive dyes
Features: High alkali tolerance Features: Effective in preventing wh. ground from being stained
Properties: Viscous liq.; anionic/nonionic Properties: Liq.; anionic
Ablutex OLS [Taiwan Surf.] Abluton 7000 [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Surfactant; scouring agent, penetrant for continuous desizing, scouring, Chem. Descrip.: Mixt.
and bleaching process Uses: Dispersant and leveling agent for dyeing polyester and its blends
Features: High alkali tolerance; lower conc. form of Ablutex OLS Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic
Properties: Liq.; anionic/nonionic Abluton CDL [Taiwan Surf.]
Ablutex PAC [Taiwan Surf.] Chem. Descrip.: Blend
Uses: Penetrant and wetting agent for alkali weight reduction of polyester at Uses: Textile aux. imparting smoothness to fabrics, for use in carding pro-
batch process cesses
Properties: Liq.; cationic Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; anionic
Ablutex PM [Taiwan Surf.] Abluton CMN [Taiwan Surf.]
Uses: Penetrant, wetting agent, mercerizing agent for cotton at batch process Chem. Descrip.: Methyl naphthalene
Properties: Liq.; anionic CAS 90-12-0; EINECS/ELINCS 201-966-8
Ablutex PN [Taiwan Surf.] Uses: Dye carrier for polyester fiber and its blends
Uses: Surfactant; retarding agent for dyeing acrylic fibers Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; anionic/nonionic
Properties: Liq.; cationic Abluton CTP [Taiwan Surf.]
Ablutex RL [Taiwan Surf.] Chem. Descrip.: Trichlorobenzene

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 9


Abluton EP

Uses: Carrier for bleaching polyester fiber and its blends flow additive providing surf. props. for powd. coatings; defoamer; gellant for
Features: Emulsifiable oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; non-
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; anionic/nonionic irritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings,
Abluton EP [Taiwan Surf.] paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants
Chem. Descrip.: Blend Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
Uses: Thickener for textile pigment printing Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
Properties: Liq.; nonionic 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520,
Abluton LMO [Taiwan Surf.] 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45
Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant Properties: Wh. waxy prills, powd., char. waxy odor; negligible sol. in
Uses: Dye dispersant and leveling agent for polyester water; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 375 cps (140 C); drop pt. 106 C; acid no. nil;
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic flash pt. > 231 C; hardness 4.0 dmm
Abluton LN [Taiwan Surf.] Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg; mild skin irritant; dust may cause
Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant mech. eye and respiratory tract irritation; OSHA TWA 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Uses: Leveling agent for acid and metal complex dyes dust), 15 mg/m3 (total dust) recommended
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents
Abluton N [Taiwan Surf.] Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Oxides of carbon, various oxidized and
Chem. Descrip.: Org. chemical/surfactant nonoxidized hydrocarbons
Uses: Dyeing auxiliary for polyamide fiber and blends A-C® 7 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer wax
Abluton T [Taiwan Surf.] CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Chem. Descrip.: Org. chemical/surfactant Uses: Processing lubricant; melt index modifier; pigment dispersant; mold
Uses: Leveling agent for polyester dyes release aid; external lubricant for PVC, color concs., polyolefin flow modi-
Features: Aids barré reduction fiers; thickener for cosmetic and pharmaceutical gels; solv.-based polishes,
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic inks, paints, and lacquers; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paper-
Abscour 733 [Abco Ind.] board, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer
Chem. Descrip.: Phosphated alcohol Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent, penetrant, dispersant for textiles; softens 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520,
hard water 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45
Features: Stable in high pH bleach baths Properties: Prills, powd.; sol. in hot min. oil and fatty esters; dens. 0.92 g/cc;
Properties: Anionic visc. 450 cps (140 C); drop pt. 109 C; acid no. nil; flash pt. (COC) 304 C;
Absoft SI-20 [Abco Ind.] hardness 2.5 dmm
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone A-C® 7A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Uses: Hand modifier improving wet and dry crockfastness and washfastness Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer wax
and providing very soft hand for printing or finishing applics. CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Properties: pH 4.5; nonionic Uses: Processing lubricant; melt index modifier; pigment dispersant; mold
Abzol LS [Albemarle] release aid; external lubricant for PVC, color concs., polyolefin flow modi-
Uses: Cleaning solv. for textiles, blends, and formulations fiers; thickener for cosmetic and pharmaceutical gels; food pkg. adhesives,
Features: Low ozone-depleting; non-CFC coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants;
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated defoamer
Properties: APHA 15 max. colorless clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.35; b.p. 71 C; flash Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
pt. (TCC, TOC, COC) none; 100 ppm max. water content 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520,
Toxicology: Avoid prolonged or repeated skin contact 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45
Precaution: Material forms flamm. mixt. with air over narrow conc. range (3- Properties: Prills, powd.; sol. in hot min. oil and fatty esters; dens. 0.92 g/cc;
8% vol.); do not use near open flame or high intensity source of heat visc. 450 cps (140 C); drop pt. 109 C; acid no. nil; hardness 2.5 dmm
Storage: Store in well-ventilated, cool, dry area A-C® 8 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
A-C® 6 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 Uses: Gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance
Uses: Additive wax for use in adhesives, inks, floor finishes, paper coatings, encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; processing lubricant; melt index modi-
personal care, plastics, rubber, textiles, wax blends, solv.-based polishes, fier; pigment dispersant; mold release aid; emollient; heat stabilizer; external
inks, paints, and lacquers; defoamer in food-contact coatings, paper; gellant lubricant for PVC, color concs., polyolefin flow modifiers; in polishes, inks,
for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; paints, lacquers; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cello-
nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coat- phane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer
ings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520,
176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520, 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 Properties: Prills, powd.; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 400 cps (140 C); drop. pt.
Properties: Wh. waxy prills, powd., char. waxy odor; negligible sol. in 116 C; acid no. nil; flash pt. (COC) 307 C; hardness 1.0 dmm
water; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 375 cps (140 C); drop pt. 106 C; acid no. nil; A-C® 8A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
flash pt. (COC) 307 C; hardness 4.0 dmm Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg; mild skin irritant; dust may cause CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
mech. eye and respiratory tract irritation; OSHA TWA 5 mg/m3 (respirable Uses: Matting, anticaking flow additive which enhances powd. coating perfor-
dust), 15 mg/m3 (total dust) recommended mance; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; processing lubricant; melt index modi-
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Oxides of carbon, various oxidized and fier; pigment dispersant; mold release aid; external lubricant for PVC, color
nonoxidized hydrocarbons concs., polyolefin flow modifiers; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/
A-C® 6A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520,
Uses: Additive wax for use in adhesives, inks, floor finishes, paper coatings, 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45
personal care, plastics, rubber, textiles, and wax blends; matting, anticaking Properties: Powd., dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 450 cps (140 C); drop pt. 113 C

10 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


A-C® 400A

(Mettler); acid no. nil; hardness 1.0 dmm food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber ar-
A-C® 9, 9A, 9F [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] ticles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.260, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
Uses: Gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1620,
encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; processing 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850
lubricant; melt index modifier; pigment dispersant; mold release aid; external Properties: Gran., powd.; dens. 0.98 g/cc; visc. 8500 cps (150 C); drop pt.
lubricant for PVC, color concs., polyolefin flow modifiers; additive in paints; 140 C; acid no. 16; hardness < 0.5 dmm
food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber ar- A-C® 325 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
ticles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, Uses: Additive wax for polishes, finishes, emulsions, adhesives, coatings,
176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520, inks, plastics, rubber, textiles; food pkg. adhesives, paper/paperboard, tex-
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 tiles; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
Properties: Prills, powd., fine powd.; avg. particle size 220 µ (9A), 110 µ Features: Heel-mark resistance and compatibility
(9F); dens. 0.94 g/cc; visc. 450 cps (140 C); drop. pt. 117 C; acid no. nil; Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800
flash pt. (COC) 318 C (A-C 9); hardness 0.5 dmm Properties: Gran.; sp.gr. 0.99; visc. 4400 cps (150 C); drop pt. 136 C; acid
A-C® 15 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] no. 25; hardness < 0.5 dmm
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer A-C® 330 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE
Uses: Additive wax for use in inks, personal care prods., adhesives, coat- CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
ings, plastics, paper, rubber, textiles; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; Uses: Additive wax for polishes, finishes, emulsions, adhesives, coatings,
film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; plastics, rubber, textiles; food pkg. adhesives, paper/paperboard, textiles;
heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer Features: Heel-mark resistance and compatibility
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, Properties: Gran.; sp.gr. 0.99; visc. 3600 cps (150 C); drop pt. 137 C; acid
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520, 177.2600, no. 30; hardness < 0.5 dmm
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 A-C® 392 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 125 cps (140 C); drop pt. 109 C; Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE
acid no. nil; hardness 2.5 dmm CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
A-C® 16 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] Uses: Additive wax for polishes, finishes, emulsions, adhesives, coatings,
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer plastics, rubber, textiles; food pkg. adhesives, paper/paperboard, textiles;
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
Uses: Gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance Features: Heel-mark resistance and compatibility
encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; additive for Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800
plastics, rubber, adhesives, coatings, inks, paper, polishes, textiles; food Properties: Gran.; sp.gr. 0.99; visc. 4500 cps (150 C); drop pt. 138 C; acid
pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, no. 30; flash pt. (COC) 293 C; hardness < 0.5 dmm
textiles, lubricants; defoamer A-C® 395, 395A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE homopolymer
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520, 177.2600, Uses: Additive wax for use in inks, personal care prods., adhesives, coat-
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 ings, plastics, rubber, textiles; food pkg. adhesives, paper/paperboard, tex-
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.91 g/cc; visc. 525 cps (140 C); drop. pt. 102 C; tiles; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
acid no. nil; hardness 5.5 dmm Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800
A-C® 307, 307A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] Properties: Gran.; dens. 1.00 g/cc; visc. 2500 cps (150 C); drop pt. 137 C;
Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE homopolymer acid no. 41; hardness < 0.5 dmm
CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 A-C® 400 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Uses: Additive wax for use in inks, personal care prods., adhesives, coat- Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene/VA copolymer
ings, plastics, rubber, textiles CAS 24937-78-8
Properties: Gran., powd.; dens. 0.98 g/cc; visc. 85,000 cps (150 C); drop pt. Uses: Additive wax for use in adhesives, inks, coatings, personal care, wax
140 C; acid no. 5-9; hardness < 0.5 dmm blends, plastics, rubber, textiles; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-
A-C® 316 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat
Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE homopolymer stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane,
CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
Uses: Additive wax for ink, floor finishes, personal care, plastics, rubber, Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
textiles, wax blends; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170,
or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1350, 177.2600,
food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber ar- 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45
ticles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer Properties: Prills, powd.; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 575 cps (140 C); drop pt. 92
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. C; flash pt. (COC) 296 C; hardness 9.5 dmm; 13% VA
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.260, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, A-C® 400A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1620, Chem. Descrip.: Low m.w. EVA copolymer
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850 CAS 24937-78-8
Properties: Gran., powd.; dens. 0.98 g/cc; visc. 8500 cps (150 C); drop pt. Uses: Wax additive for use in adhesives, inks, personal care prods., wax
140 C; acid no. 16; hardness < 0.5 dmm blends; pigment dispersant; PS color concs.; gellant for oils in personal care
A-C® 316A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive;
Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE homopolymer emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard,
CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in food-contact
Uses: Additive wax for ink, floor finishes, personal care, plastics, rubber, coatings/paper
textiles, wax blends; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170,

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 11


A-C® 405(M)

176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1350, 177.2600, textiles; defoamer


177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
Properties: Prills, powd.; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 575 cps (140 C); drop pt. 92 Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170,
C; hardness 9.5 dmm; 13% VA 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1310, 177.2600,
A-C® 405(M) [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850
Chem. Descrip.: EVA copolymer Properties: Powd.; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 575 cps (140 C); drop pt. 105 C;
CAS 24937-78-8 acid no. 40; hardness 2.0 dmm
Uses: Controlled rheology wax additive for adhesives, inks, coatings, per- A-C® 580 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
sonal care, wax blends, plastics, rubber, textiles; esp. suitable for applics. Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene/acrylic acid copolymer
where it must be dispersed in org. solvs. (automotive topcoats, cosmetics, CAS 9010-77-9
etc.); food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber Uses: Additive for recyclable hot-melt and aq. adhesives and coatings;
articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper plastics and rubber processing; modifier of carboxyl-functional powd. coat-
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, ings; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper; gellant for oils in personal
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1350, 177.2600, care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive;
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard,
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 600 cps (140 C); drop pt. 101 C; cellophane, rubber articles, lubricants, textiles
cloud pt. 50-54.4 C (10% in xylene); hardness 5.0 dmm; 8% VA Features: Alkali-dispersible; increases permanency, moisture retention, wa-
A-C® 405(S) [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] ter resist.
Chem. Descrip.: EVA copolymer Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170,
CAS 24937-78-8 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1310, 177.2600,
Uses: Controlled rheology wax additive for adhesives, inks, coatings, per- 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850
sonal care, wax blends, plastics, rubber, textiles; esp. suitable for applics. Properties: Prills; dens. 0.94 g/cc; visc. 650 cps (140 C); drop pt. 102 C;
where it must be dispersed in org. solvs. (automotive topcoats, cosmetics, acid no. 75; flash pt. (COC) 313 C; hardness 4.0 dmm
etc.); food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber A-C® 629 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polyethylene homopolymer
Features: Low disp. visc.; lower sol. than 405M or 405T CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, Uses: Additive wax for adhesives, ink, floor finishes, paper coatings, trade
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1350, 177.2600, sales and industrial coatings, personal care, plastics, textiles, wax blends;
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 processing lubricant; mold release aid; PVC lubricant; film-former; oil or
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 600 cps (140 C); drop pt. 95 C; fragrance encapsulator; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; nonirritating
cloud pt. 45-49.9 C (10% in xylene); hardness 7.0 dmm; 11% VA abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/
A-C® 405(T) [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in
Chem. Descrip.: EVA copolymer food-contact coatings/paper
CAS 24937-78-8 Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
Uses: Controlled rheology wax additive for adhesives, inks, coatings, per- Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.260, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
sonal care, wax blends, plastics, rubber, textiles; esp. suitable for applics. 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1620,
where it must be dispersed in org. solvs. (automotive topcoats, cosmetics, 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850
etc.); defoamer; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or Properties: Wh. waxy prills, powd., char. waxy odor; negligible sol. in
fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food water; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 200 cps (140 C); drop pt. 101 C; acid no. 15;
pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, flash pt. (COC) 274 C; hardness 5.5 dmm
textiles, lubricants Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2500 mg/kg; nonirritating to skin and eyes; dust
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.; higher may cause mech. irritation; OSHA TWA 5 mg/m3 (respirable dust), 15 mg/
sol. than 405M, 405S m3 (total dust) recommended
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, Precaution: Avoid strong oxidizing agents and amines; very slippery on
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1350, 177.2600, floors
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Oxides of carbon, various oxidized and
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 600 cps (140 C); drop pt. 103 C; nonoxidized hydrocarbons
cloud pt. 54.5-59 C (10% in xylene); hardness 4.0 dmm; 6% VA Storage: Store away from heat sources
A-C® 540 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] A-C® 629A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polyethylene homopolymer
CAS 9010-77-9 CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Uses: Plastics lubricant and processing aid; pigment dispersant; internal Uses: Additive wax for adhesives, ink, floor finishes, paper coatings, per-
lubricant for PVC, nylon 6, nylon color concs.; for adhesives, floor finishes, sonal care, plastics, textiles, wax blends; processing lubricant; mold re-
personal care, plastics, wax blends; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; lease aid; PVC lubricant; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; gellant
film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; for oils in personal care prods.; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabi-
heat stabilizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, lizer; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber
rubber articles, lubricants, textiles; food-contact defoamer articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist. Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.260, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1310, 177.2600, 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1620,
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850 177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 575 cps (140 C); drop pt. 105 C; Properties: Prills, powd.; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 200 cps (140 C); drop pt.
acid no. 40; flash pt. (COC) 296 C; hardness 2.0 dmm 101 C; acid no. 15; hardness 5.5 dmm
A-C® 540A [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] A-C® 655 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polyethylene homopolymer
CAS 9010-77-9 CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Uses: Plastics lubricant and processing aid; pigment dispersant; internal Uses: Additive wax for use in adhesives, inks, floor finishes, paper coatings,
lubricant for PVC, nylon 6, nylon color concs.; for adhesives, floor finishes, personal care, plastics, rubber, textiles, and wax blends; food pkg. adhe-
personal care, plastics, wax blends; modifier for carboxyl functional powd. sives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lu-
coatings; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance bricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings/paper
encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food pkg. ad- Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.260, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320,
hesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, lubricants, 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1620,

12 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


ACCOSOFT® 550L-90

177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850


Properties: Prills; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 210 cps (140 C); drop pt. 107 C; Properties: Prills; alkali-dispersible; dens. 0.94 g/cc; visc. 650 cps (140 C);
acid no. 16; flash pt. (COC) 274 C; hardness 2.5 dmm drop pt. 92 C; acid no. 120; flash pt. (COC) 307 C; hardness 11.5 dmm
A-C® 656 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] A-C® 6702 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.]
Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polyethylene homopolymer Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polyethylene
CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Uses: Additive wax for use in adhesives, inks, floor finishes, paper coatings, Uses: Additive for plastics, rubber, adhesives, coatings, inks, paper, pol-
personal care, plastics, and rubber; food pkg. adhesives, textiles; defoamer ishes, textiles; gellant for oils in personal care prods.; film-former; oil or
in food-contact coatings, paper/paperboard fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating abrasive; emollient; heat stabilizer; food
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800 pkg. adhesives
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.92 g/cc; visc. 185 cps (140 C); drop pt. 98 C; acid Features: Increases permanency, moisture retention, water resist.
no. 15; flash pt. (COC) 260 C; hardness 9.0 dmm Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105
A-C® 680 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] Properties: Grease-like; dens. 0.85 g/cc; visc. 35 cps (140 C); drop pt. 85 C;
Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polyethylene acid no. 15; hardness 90.0 dmm (D1321)
CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 ACCOSOFT® 440-75 [Stepan; Stepan Canada]
Uses: Wax for polishes, finishes, and emulsions; food pkg. adhesives, Chem. Descrip.: Methyl bis (hydrogenated tallowamidoethyl) 2-hydroxy-
cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants; defoamer in food-contact ethyl ammonium methyl sulfate
coatings, paper/paperboard Uses: Fabric softener quat. for textile industry, household and commercial use
Features: Slip resistance; emulsifiable Features: Good lubricity and scorch resistance; nonyel.
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.260, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, Properties: Cream colored semisolid; IPA odor; visc. 200 cps (125 F); pour
176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1620, pt. 113 F; pH 6.0 (10% IPA/water); 75% solids; cationic
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850 ACCOSOFT® 440-75 DEG [Stepan; Stepan Canada]
Properties: Prills; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 250 cps (140 C); drop pt. 108 C; Chem. Descrip.: Methyl bis (hydrogenated tallowamidoethyl) 2-hydroxy-
acid no. 16; flash pt. (COC) 277 C; hardness 1.5 dmm ethyl ammonium methyl sulfate in diethylene glycol solv.
A-C® 725 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] Uses: Fabric softener for use in household, commercial, and textile markets
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer Features: Premium softening; offers good lubricity and heat resist.; nonyel-
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 lowing
Uses: Additive for plastics, rubber, adhesives, coatings, inks, paper, pol- Properties: Solid; pour pt. 130 F; 75% solids
ishes, textiles; food pkg. adhesives, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, ACCOSOFT® 501 [Stepan; Stepan Canada]
lubricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings, paper/paperboard Chem. Descrip.: Methylbis (tallowamidoethyl)-2-hydroxyethyl ammonium
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, methyl sulfate
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520, 177.2600, Uses: Fabric softener used in industrial, household, and textile industries
177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 Features: Offers good rewet and nonyellowing; designed for up to 30% solids
Properties: Diced form; sp.gr. 0.92; visc. 1400 cps (140 C); drop pt. 108 C; disp.
acid no. nil; hardness 3.5 dmm Properties: Off-wh. paste; readily disp. in water; dens. 8.4lb/gal; visc. 1400
A-C® 735 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] cps (80 F); pour pt. 68 F; pH 6 (10% IPA/water); 89% solids; cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer ACCOSOFT® 501 DEG [Stepan]
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 Chem. Descrip.: Methyl bis(tallowamido ethyl)-2-hydroxyethyl ammonium
Uses: Additive for plastics, rubber, adhesives, coatings, inks, paper, pol- methyl sulfate
ishes, textiles; food pkg. adhesives, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, Uses: Fabric softener for use in household and commercial prods.
lubricants; defoamer in food-contact coatings, paper/paperboard Features: Good rewet and nonyellowing
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §172.615, 175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, Properties: Off-wh. paste; sp.gr. 0.96; dens. 8.0 lb/gal; visc. 1200 cps; pour
176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1520, pt. 32 C; flash pt. (PMCC) 49 C; pH 6 (10% in water/IPA); 88% max.
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3570, 178.3850, 179.45 solids; cationic
Properties: Diced form; sp.gr. 0.92; visc. 6000 cps (140 C); drop pt. 110 C; Toxicology: LD50 (oral) > 20 g/kg; practically nontoxic orally; min. irritant to
acid no. nil; hardness 2.5 dmm skin and eyes; not a skin sensitizer
A-C® 1702 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] Environmental: Biodeg.
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene homopolymer Precaution: Avoid sparks and open flame
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 Storage: Store in sealed containers @ 43-53 C; color and odor susceptible to
Uses: Gellant for oils, emollient, moisture retention aid, heat stabilizer in degradation if exposed to high temps. in presence of air
personal care prods.; film-former; oil or fragrance encapsulator; nonirritating ACCOSOFT® 550-75 [Stepan; Stepan Canada]
abrasive; additive for plastics, rubber, adhesives, coatings, inks, paper, Chem. Descrip.: Tallow diamidoamine quat. ammonium methylsulfate
polishes, textiles; processing aid Uses: Rewetting agent, fabric softener in industrial, household and textile
Features: Increases permanency industries
Properties: Grease-like; negligible sol. in water; dens. 0.88 g/cc; visc. 40 Features: Nonyel.; readily pumpable at R.T.
cps (140 C); drop. pt. 92 C; acid no. nil; flash pt. (COC) 232 C; hardness Properties: Gardner 6 liq.; dens. 7.94 lb/gal; visc. 700 cps (65 F); pour pt. 54
90.0 dmm (D1321) F; pH 6 (10% water/IPA); 90% solids; cationic
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg; mild skin irritant ACCOSOFT® 550-90 HF [Stepan]
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents Chem. Descrip.: Tallow diamidoamine quat. in DEG
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Oxides of carbon, various oxidized and Uses: Fabric softener
nonoxidized hydrocarbons Features: Designed for up to 30% solids disp.; other high flash pt. solvs.
A-C® 5120 [Honeywell Spec. Chems.] available
Chem. Descrip.: Low m.w. ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer Properties: Solid; pour pt. 113 F; flash pt. > 200 F; 90% solids
CAS 9010-77-9 ACCOSOFT® 550-90 HHV [Stepan; Stepan Canada]
Uses: Additive for recyclable hot-melt and aq. adhesives and coatings; Chem. Descrip.: Methyl bis (tallowamidoethyl) 2-hydroxyethyl ammonium
modifier of carboxyl-functional powd. coatings; plastics and rubber process- methyl sulfate
ing; defoamer in food-contact coatings, paper/paperboard; gellant for per- Uses: Fabric softener, antistat, rewetting agent for laundry prods., industrial
sonal care and household prods. (cosmetics, protective moisturizers, medi- textile processing
cations, dental adhesives, deodorizers); food pkg. adhesives, coatings, Properties: Yel. opaque paste; mild odor; readily dispersible in water; dens.
paper/paperboard, cellophane, rubber articles, textiles, lubricants 8.14 lb/gal (50 C); visc. 800 cps (100 F); pour pt. 86 F; pH 6.0 (10% IPA/
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.125, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, water); 90% solids; cationic
176.180, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1310, 177.2600, ACCOSOFT® 550L-90 [Stepan; Stepan Canada]

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 13


ACCOSOFT® 750

Chem. Descrip.: Methyl bis (tallowamidoethyl) 2-hydroxyethyl ammonium Acraconc® BN [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
methyl sulfate Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate emulsion
Uses: Fabric softener for household laundry prods., textile processing CAS 9003-01-4
Properties: Yel. visc. liq.; mild odor; dens. 8.31 lb/gal; visc. 1500 cps (75 F); Uses: Thickener for textile pigment printing
pour pt. 65 F; pH 6.0 (10% IPA/water); 88% solids; cationic Features: Very easy handling; pumpable; extremely quick swelling under
ACCOSOFT® 750 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] mixing; produces sharp outlines on syn. materials and blends; high color
Chem. Descrip.: Methyl bis (oleylamidoethyl) 2-hydroxyethyl ammonium yield and levelness of prints
methyl sulfate Use Level: 3.5% (all-aq. straight thickener); 2.5% (all-aq. print clear); 68%
Uses: Fabric softener for heavy duty liq. laundry detergents (print paste with straight thickener); 85-99% (print paste with print clear)
Properties: Amber liq.; IPA odor; dens. 8.36 lb/gal; visc. 3400 cps (45 F); Properties: Thin opaque paste; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 1500-2500 cps (68 F); pH
pour pt. < 40 F; pH 6.0 (10% IPA/water); 90% solids; cationic 8.5-9.5 (ammonia)
ACCOSOFT® 780 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Storage: 12 mos shelf life when stored in closed containers @ ambient
Chem. Descrip.: Methylbis (canola amidoethyl)-2-hydroxyethyl ammonium temps.; sensitive to temps. below 32 F; containers should be kept closed
methyl sulfate when not in use
Uses: Fabric softener quat. for use in wash cycle detergent/softeners and Acraconc® LV-5 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
rinse cycle softeners Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate emulsion
Features: Vegetable-based; high flash solvs. available CAS 9003-01-4
Properties: Yel. clear liq.; readily disp. in water; dens. 8.0 lb/gal; visc. 3000 Uses: Thickener for textile pigment printing, all-aq. pigment printing
cps (60 F); pour pt. 50 F; pH 6 (10% IPA/water); 90% solids Features: Low VOC content; pumpable; extremely quick swelling under
ACCOSOFT® 801 [Stepan] mixing; high color yield, levelness of prints; optimal filtration and running
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogenated tallow imidazoline quat. props.; soft hand
Uses: Fabric softener for use in dryer sheets Use Level: 3.5-4.0% (all-aq. straight thickener); 3.5% (all-aq. print clear);
Features: Contains nonionic to assist in uniform quat. deposition on fabric 66% (print paste)
Properties: Solid; pour pt. 132 F; 100% solids Properties: Opaque paste; sp.gr. 1.05; visc. 4500-8500 cps (68 F); pH 8.5-
ACCOSOFT® 808 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] 9.5 (ammonia)
Chem. Descrip.: Tallow imidazoline quat. Storage: 18 mos shelf life without separating when stored in closed contain-
Uses: Fabric softener and antistat for household and commercial laundries ers; sensitive to temps. below 25 C; containers should be kept closed
Properties: Gardner 6 liq.; dens. 7.96 lb/gal; visc. 500 cps (60 F); pour pt. 50 Acraconc® WC [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
F; pH 6 (10% water/IPA); 80% solids; cationic Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate emulsion
Environmental: Biodeg. CAS 9003-01-4
ACCOSOFT® 808-90 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Uses: Thickener for textile pigment printing
Chem. Descrip.: Methylbis (tallowamidoethyl)-2-tallow imidazolinium methyl Features: Low VOC content; pumpable; extremely quick swelling under
sulfate mixing; high color yield, levelness of prints; optimal filtration and running
Uses: Household and industrial fabric softener, antistat props.; soft hand
Features: Imparts a soft, full hand to fabrics and reduces static cling Use Level: 3.5-4.0% (all-aq. straight thickener); 3.5% (all-aq. print clear);
Properties: Yel. opaque liq.; readily disp. in water; dens. 8.1 lb/gal; visc. 63% (print paste)
1500 cps (85 F); pour pt. 72 F; pH 6 (10% IPA/water); 90% solids; cationic Properties: Opaque paste; sp.gr. 1.02; visc. 4500-8500 cps (68 F); pH 8.5-
ACCOSOFT® 808HT [Stepan; Stepan Canada] 9.5 (ammonia)
Chem. Descrip.: Methyl-1-hydrogenated tallowamidoethyl-2-hydrogenated Storage: 18 mos shelf life without separating when stored in closed contain-
tallow imidazolinium-methyl sulfate ers; sensitive to temps. below 25 C; containers should be kept closed
Uses: Fabric softener and antistat for household and industrial applics., dryer Acrafix MA [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
prods. Chem. Descrip.: Melamine formaldehyde
Properties: Gardner 6 solid; visc. 2500 cps (155 F); pour pt. 144 F; pH 6.0 CAS 9003-08-1
(10% IPA/water); 91% solids; cationic Uses: Crosslinking agent for textile printing and continuous pigment padding
Accosoft L-NEW [Apollo] applics.
Uses: Softener, lubricant, antistat, napping agent, antisoiling agent for all nat. Features: Used where high washfastness is required, resulting in extremely
and syn. fibers, esp. polyesters and acrylics, imparting very soft hand durable pigment prints
Features: Can be applied by exhaust, pad, or spray Use Level: 0.05-2.00%
Properties: Cationic Properties: Colorless liq.; f.p. 0 C; b.p. 100 C; pH 8.7
Accosoft NYC [Apollo] Acramin® Auxiliary 3308 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Uses: Softener providing a full, bulky hand Uses: Leveling agent, thickener for pigment printing on finished and unfinished
Features: Nonyellowing; can be applied by exhaust or pad cotton and polyester/cotton, esp. in all-aq. systems
Properties: Cationic Features: Does not affect hand or fastness props. when used as rec.; may
Acematt™ TS100 [Degussa] cause a dulling of shade when used with certain all-aq. print systems
Chem. Descrip.: Fumed silica Use Level: Up to 2% in Acramin Conc. systems
CAS 112945-52-5; EINECS/ELINCS 231-545-4 Properties: Ylsh. visc. liq.; aromatic odor; sol. 10% sol’ns. may be prepared
Uses: Flatting agent for vinyl coatings, air-dried polyurethane or leather with cold water
coating applics., lacquers for film and polyurethane textile coatings, paper Acramin® Auxiliary 3394 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
coating applics., long-oil alkyd systems, water-based coatings Uses: Leveling agent, flow agent regulator for pigment printing on finished and
Features: Exc. in baked finishes and films which require high transparency unfinished fabrics, esp. in all-aq. systems
Properties: Wh. powd., odorless; 4 µm avg. particle size of agglomerates; Features: Does not affect hand or fastness props. when used as rec.; may
insol. in water; dens. 2.2 g/cc; tapped dens. 50 g/l; oil absorp. 360 g/100 g; cause a dulling of shade when used with certain all-aq. print systems
m.p. 1700 C; ref. index 1.45; pH 7 (4% aq.); > 99.8% SiO2 Use Level: Up to 2% in Acramin Conc. systems
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 5000 mg/kg; nonirritating to skin and mucous Properties: Ylsh. visc. liq.; aromatic odor; sol. 10% sol’ns. may be prepared
membranes with cold water
Acipol 10018 [Canamex] Acramin® Binder 27 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-100 stearate Chem. Descrip.: Self-crosslinking acrylic resin (ethyl acrylate/methylmethyl
CAS 9004-99-3 acrylate) aq. disp.
Uses: Emulsifier, emollient for cosmetics; lubricant, softener, antistat, emulsi- Uses: Binder for pigmented and filled coatings, nonwovens, textiles, lami-
fier, detergent, wetting agent, stabilizer for textiles; pigment wetting agent; nates, filter media, fiberfill; paper impregnating agent
mold release agent Features: Exc. mech. stability, dry clean fastness, wash fastness, abrasion
Properties: Wh. waxy solid; HLB 19.0; 100% conc.; nonionic fastness; very good wet crock fastness; good light fastness, dry crock

14 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Acrysol® RM-8W

fastness Features: Effective with acrylic fibers to give unparalleled softening and
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; 320 nm avg. particle diam.; dens. 1.07 g/cm3; durability
visc. < 100 cps; pH 3.1 ± 1; nonionic Regulatory: DOT nonregulated
Acramin® Binder 1900D [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Properties: Cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Self-crosslinking acrylic resin (butyl acrylate/methyl acry- Acriflow 141 S [Witton]
late/methylmethyl acrylate) aq. disp. Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate
Uses: Binder for pigmented and filled coatings, nonwovens, textiles, lami- CAS 9003-04-7
nates, flocking, high wet str. paper Uses: Dispersant and scale inhibitor in process industries, e.g. mining and
Features: Exc. mech. stability, dry clean fastness, wash fastness, light min. handling (china clay, metal ores), inorg. pigment disp., papermaking,
fastness; very good wet and dry crock fastness; good abrasion fastness textile processing, sugar processing, paint mfg., boiler water treatment;
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; 300 nm avg. particle diam.; dens. 1.06 g/cm3; treatment of swimming pool water, prod. of potable water from sea water;
visc. < 200 cps; pH 3.5 ± 1; nonionic food-contact paper/paperboard
Acramin® Binder BA-N [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §176.170, 176.180; BGA Ch. 36; UK Drinking
Chem. Descrip.: Aq. butadiene/acrylonitrile-based disp. contg. carboxylic Water Inspectorate approved
and self-crosslinking groups Properties: Aq. sol’n.; sp.gr. 1.1-1.3; visc. 350-700 cps; pH 7.5-9.0; 40-42%
CAS 9003-18-3 solids
Uses: Binder for pigment printing, producing prints with a soft, elastic handle Toxicology: Nonhazardous
and good resist. to dry cleaning Acrygen® 4096 [OMNOVA Sol’ns./Textiles]
Features: High mech. stability; exc. dry clean fastness, dry crock fastness; Chem. Descrip.: Styrene/acrylic emulsion polymer
very good wash fastness; good light fastness, wet crock fastness, abrasion CAS 9010-92-8
fastness; very sl. yellowing starting at 350 F Uses: Binder for nonwovens and felt fabrics
Properties: Wh. emulsion; dens. 1.0-1.1; pH 7.5-8.5; nonionic Features: Soft
Acramin® Binder KB-8 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Properties: pH 3.5; 50% act.
Chem. Descrip.: Self-crosslinking acrylic resin (butyl acrylate/styrene) aq. Acrypal UZ 1031 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
disp. Uses: Fixation accelerator for cationic dyestuffs when dyeing polyacryloni-
Uses: Binder for textile printing, spraying, nip padding, impregnating; elastifying trile fibers and their blends
agent for melamine or U-F resins Use Level: 3-10 g/l (discontinuous); 5-20 g/l (continuous)
Features: Exc. mech. stability, dry clean fastness, wash fastness, light Acrysol® 8306 [Rohm & Haas]
fastness; good wet and dry crock fastness; satisfactory abrasion fastness Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate sol’n.
Properties: 180 nm avg. particle diam.; dens. 1.07 g/cm3 (20 C); visc. < CAS 9003-04-7
1500 cps (20 C); pH 6 ± 1; 40 ± 1% NV; nonionic Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles
Acramin® Binder KLM [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Properties: Dens. 8.9 lb/gal; visc. 21,000 cps; pH 9.0; 13.5% solids; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic/butadiene/acrylonitrile aq. emulsion Acrysol® ASE-60 [Rohm & Haas]
Uses: Binder for textile printing, screen and roller printing Chem. Descrip.: Crosslinked acrylic emulsion copolymer
Features: Imparts exc. hand; exc. redispersibility, wet and dry crock fast- CAS 25133-97-5
ness; very good dry clean fastness, abrasion fastness; satisfactory wash Uses: Suspending agent for pigments and fillers in water-based paints, inks,
fastness, light fastness or other coatings, and the abrasive particles in waxes or polishes; visc.
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; sl. ammonia odor; sp.gr. 1.0-1.1; visc. 1000-1500 modifier for emulsion and latex compds.; binder for textiles; thickener
cps; f.p. 32 F; b.p. 212 F; pH 8.5-9.5; nonionic Properties: Milky liq.; sp.gr. 1.054; visc. 10 cps; pH 3.5; 28.0 ± 0.5%
Storage: Protect from freezing solids; anionic
Acramin® Binder PUD 01 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Acrysol® ASE-75 [Rohm & Haas]
Chem. Descrip.: Aliphatic polyester PU disp. Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylic acid
Uses: Binder for textile printing and coating applics., producing extremely CAS 9003-01-4
elastic pigment prints esp. suitable for printing knitted goods; binder for Uses: Thickener for latexes and emulsions for paints, flocking adhesives;
metallic bronzes, e.g., in addition to discharge printing onto direct-dyed binder for textiles
grounds Features: Alkali-sol.; not crosslinked
Features: Allows low fixation temps.; rec. curing range 285-360 F; good dry Properties: Dens. 9.0 lb/gal; visc. < 20 cps; pH 2.7; 40% solids; anionic
clean fastness, wash fastness, light fastness; satisfactory wet and dry crock Acrysol® ASE-95 [Rohm & Haas]
fastness, abrasion fastness Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic copolymer emulsion
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; weak odor; sp.gr. 1.0; visc. 200-500 cps; f.p. 32 CAS 25133-97-5
F; b.p. 212 F; pH 5-8; anionic Uses: Thickener for fabric laminants, pigment disp. polar solvs., surfactant
Storage: Protect from freezing sol’ns., paints, inks, waxes, and polishes
Acramin® Binder SFA [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Properties: Alkali-sol.; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. < 20 cps; pH 9.3; 18% solids;
Chem. Descrip.: Aq. acrylic emulsion anionic
Uses: Binder for textile roller printing, screen printing Acrysol® E2961 [Rohm & Haas]
Features: Exc. dry clean fastness, wash fastness, light fastness; satisfactory Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium polyacrylate sol’n.
wet and dry crock fastness, abrasion fastness; rec. curing range 300-400 F CAS 9003-03-6
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; acrylic odor; sp.gr. 1.057; visc. 200-500 cps; f.p. Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for syn. and natural latexes in textile
32 F; b.p. 212 F; pH 3.0-3.5; nonionic industry; pigment antimigrant for textiles
Storage: Protect from freezing Properties: Dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 700 cps; pH 9.3; 11% solids; anionic
Acramin® Softener S-01 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Acrysol® RM-5 [Rohm & Haas]
Chem. Descrip.: Polysiloxane emulsion Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophobically modified acrylic emulsion
CAS 9011-19-2 Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles
Uses: Softener for pigment printing Features: Rec. in conjunction with the Acrysol ASE thickeners to maintain
Features: Gives prints a pleasantly smooth and soft hand, improves dry viscosity at high shear rates; not rec. as primary thickener
crock fastness of prints, improves brilliancy and color yield, with no nega- Properties: Dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. < 15 cps; pH 3.3; 30% solids; anionic
tive effect on pigment migration during drying; does not emit noxious sub- Acrysol® RM-8W [Rohm & Haas]
stances Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles, flat thru gloss interior/
Properties: Wh. emulsion; dens. 0.98-1.02 g/ml (20 C); pH 7-9 (10%) exterior paints
Acrasoft [Eastern Color & Chem.] Features: Provides excellent holdout when coating fabric such as rainwear;
Chem. Descrip.: Amine functional silicone non-pH dependent
Uses: Softener and lubricant for textiles, esp. acrylic fibers Properties: Dens. 9.0 lb/gal; visc. 8000-30,000 cps; 35% solids in propylene

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 15


Acrysol® RM-825

glycol/water (60:40); nonionic Actrasol C-75 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]


Acrysol® RM-825 [Rohm & Haas] Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated castor oil, sodium neutralized
Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles, flat thru gloss interior/ CAS 68187-76-8
exterior paints Uses: Pigment wetting agent/dispersant for pigment flushing, cleaners, tex-
Features: Non-pH dependent tiles, and paper processing; lubricant and emulsifier for metalworking fluids
Properties: Dens. 8.7 lb/gal; visc. 1000-2500 cps; 25% solids in diethylene Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; 70% act. in water; anionic
glycol butyl ether/water (25:75); nonionic Actrasol C-85 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
Acrysol® RM-2020 [Rohm & Haas] Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated castor oil, sodium neutralized
Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles CAS 68187-76-8
Features: Nearly Newtonian rheology at high and low shear; non-pH depen- Uses: Pigment wetting agent/dispersant for pigment flushing, cleaners, tex-
dent tiles, and paper processing; lubricant and emulsifier for metalworking fluids
Properties: Dens. 8.6 lb/gal; visc. 2500-3800 cps; 20% solids; nonionic Properties: Liq.; 75% act. in water; anionic
Acrysol® SCT-270 [Rohm & Haas] Actrasol OY-75 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated soybean oil, sodium neutralized
Features: Efficient, sl. shear thinning Uses: Lubricant, emulsifier in pigment flushing, cleaners, textiles, paper
Properties: Dens. 8.6 lb/gal; visc. 6000-10,000 cps; 20% solids in diethyl- processing
ene glycol butyl ether/water (20:80); nonionic Properties: Liq.; water-disp.; 75% conc.
Acrysol® SCT-275 [Rohm & Haas] Environmental: Biodeg.
Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles, flat thru gloss interior/ Actrasol PSR [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
exterior paints Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated ricinoleic acid, potassium neutralized
Properties: Dens. 8.6 lb/gal; visc. 2000-3000 cps; 17.5% solids in diethyl- Uses: Pigment wetting agent/dispersant; aluminum lubricant; lubricant, emul-
ene glycol butyl ether/water (25:75); nonionic sifier for pigment flushing, cleaners, textiles, paper processing
Acrysol® TT-615 [Rohm & Haas] Properties: Dk. amber liq.; 75% conc.; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic copolymer emulsion Actrasol SBO [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
CAS 25133-97-5 Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated butyl oleate, sodium neutralized
Uses: Thickener for coatings, textile printing pastes, and adhesives Uses: Lubricant, emulsifier in pigment flushing, cleaners, textiles, paper
Properties: Liq.; alkali-sol. processing
Acrysol® TT-678 [Rohm & Haas] Properties: Anionic
Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent for textiles; auxiliary thickener in Actrasol SP [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
pigment printing; softener for hand of fabric Chem. Descrip.: Sulfonated tall oil fatty acid, sodium neutralized
Features: Helps prevent haloing or migration on prefinished or synthetic blend CAS 61790-35-0; EINECS/ELINCS 268-372-9
fabrics; non-pH dependent Uses: Wet process phosphoric acid defoamer; lubricant, emulsifier for pig-
Properties: Dens. 8.6 lb/gal; visc. 275-325 cps; pH 7.2; 60% solids in ment flushing, cleaners, textiles, paper processing
methanol/water (50:50); nonionic Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; 50% conc.; anionic
Acrysol® TT-935 [Rohm & Haas] Actrasol SP 175K [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic alkali-swellable associative thickener Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated tall oil, potassium neutralized
Uses: Thickener in interior flat paints, textiles EINECS/ELINCS 272-349-9
Features: Provides low cost/high performance alternative to traditional cellu- Uses: Lubricant, emulsifier for pigment flushing, cleaners, textiles, paper
losic thickeners; provides outstanding resist. to roller spattering, better film processing
build and leveling; alkali-sol. Properties: Liq.; water-disp.; 75% conc.; anionic
Properties: Wh. milky liq.; dens. 8.82 lb/gal; visc. 30 cp; pH 3.2; 30% NV Environmental: Biodeg.
Toxicology: Acutely toxic via oral or dermal exposure; mild to mod. skin/eye Actrasol SR 75 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
irritant Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated oleic acid, ammonium neutralized
Acticide DL [Thor UK] Uses: Mold release agent; lubricant, emulsifier for pigment flushing, cleaners,
Chem. Descrip.: Blend of chlorinated and nonchlorinated methyl isothiazolones textiles, paper processing
Uses: Biocide for wet state microbiological protection of wet fabric stored over Properties: Liq.; water-disp.; 75% conc.; anionic
several days Environmental: Biodeg.
Features: Latex grade Actrasol SRK 75 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem]
Toxicology: Low toxicity Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated oleic acid, potassium neutralized
Acticide TE [Thor UK] Uses: Mold release agent; lubricant, emulsifier for pigment flushing, cleaners,
Chem. Descrip.: Isothiazolinone prep. and benzimidazol textiles, paper processing
Uses: Preservative for textiles used in water and weather-resist. finishes Properties: Liq.; water-disp.; 75% conc.; anionic
Active #4 [Blew Chem.] Environmental: Biodeg.
Chem. Descrip.: Cocamide DEA and DEA-dodecylbenzenesulfonate Acusol® 880 [Rohm & Haas]
Uses: Surfactant used as base for hand dishwashing detergents, shampoos, Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophobically modified polyol in propylene glycol/water
bubble baths; wool fulling agent; wetting agent; dispersant (60:40)
Features: High sudsing Uses: Detergent polymer, thickener, and stabilizer for household and institu-
Properties: Straw visc. liq., bland odor; water-sol.; dens. 8.7 lb/gal; pour pt. tional detergents (acidic cleaners, floor and shoe polishes, toilet bowl clean-
40 F; pH 9 (5%); surf. tens. 30 dynes/cm (0.1%); 100% act. ers, acid metal cleaners, I & I laundry sours, acid rinse aids, rust removers,
Toxicology: LD50 (rat) 3157 mg/kg peroxide formulations; fabric softeners, 2 in 1 fabric wash)
Environmental: Biodeg. Features: High conc.; stable pH/visc.; food contact solv.; cationic, peroxide,
Actrasol 6092 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem] and acid compat.
Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated rapeseed oil Properties: Hazy visc. liq.; sp.gr. 1.07; visc. 11,000 cps; pH neutral; 35%
CAS 617788-68-9 solids; nonionic
Uses: Lubricant, emulsifier in pigment flushing, cleaners, textiles, paper Acusol® 882 [Rohm & Haas]
processing Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophobically modified nonionic polyol in diethylene
Actrasol C-50 [Georgia-Pacific/Actrachem] glycol monobutyl ether (25%) and water (75%)
Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated castor oil, sodium neutralized Uses: Thickener and stabilizer for liq. laundry detergents, fabric softeners, and
CAS 68187-76-8 all-purpose cleaners (tub, tile, floor, and hard surf. cleaners)
Uses: Pigment wetting agent/dispersant for pigment flushing, cleaners, tex- Properties: Hazy visc. liq.; sp.gr. 1.03visc. 2500 mPa•s; pH neutral; 17.5%
tiles, and paper processing; lubricant and emulsifier for metalworking fluids solids; nonionic
Properties: Liq.; 50% act. in water; anionic Adi-pure® [DuPont Nylon]

16 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Adogen® 442-E83

Chem. Descrip.: High purity adipic acid Admox® 14-85 [Albemarle]


CAS 124-04-9; EINECS/ELINCS 204-673-3 Chem. Descrip.: Myristamine oxide
Uses: Chem. intermediate; used in adhesives, coatings (alkyd, PU, gel coat, CAS 3332-27-2; EINECS/ELINCS 222-059-3
polyester), nylon 66, PU foams/elastomers/fibers, unsat. polyester resins, Uses: Surfactant for soap bars, shaving creams, fabric softeners, hard surf.
plasticizers, lubricants, textile treatments, cosmetic emollients; pH buffer; cleaners, laundry detergents, oxygen bleach powds., toothpaste, agric.,
wet str. paper resins; food acidulant automatic dishwash, cellulose extraction, gasoline additives, bubble baths
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §184.1009 Properties: Solid; m.w. 257; m.p. 40-42 C; flash pt. > 93 C; 87 ± 2% amine
Properties: Wh. free-flowing cryst. powd.; sol. 2.5% in water; m.w. 146.14; oxide
dens. 1.34 (18 C); bulk dens. 40-45 lb/ft3 (loose); melt visc. 4.54 cP (160 Admox® 18-85 [Albemarle]
C); vapor pressure 0.106 mm Hg; m.p. 152-153 C; b.p. 337 C with Chem. Descrip.: Stearamine oxide
decomp.; flash pt. (TCC) 196 C; pH 3.2 (1 g/l in water); > 99.9% assay CAS 2571-88-2; EINECS/ELINCS 219-919-5
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, mice) 1900 mg/kg; sl. acute toxicity; eye and upper Uses: Surfactant for soap bars, shaving creams, fabric softeners, hard surf.
respiratory tract irritant; mild skin irritant cleaners, laundry detergents, oxygen bleach powds., toothpaste, agric.,
Environmental: Aquatic toxicity LC50 (fathead minnows, 96 h) 88 mg/l automatic dishwash, cellulose extraction, gasoline additives, bubble baths
Precaution: Combustible; under severe dusting conditions may form explo- Properties: Solid; m.w. 313; m.p. 61-62 C; flash pt. > 93 C; 87 ± 2% amine
sive mixts. in air; incompat. with strong oxidants; slowly decomp. above oxide
b.p. Admox® LA-1440 [Albemarle]
Storage: Store in well ventilated area in tightly closed container; keep away Chem. Descrip.: Myristamine oxide
from heat, sparks, flames; avoid dust generation CAS 3332-27-2; EINECS/ELINCS 222-059-3
ADK CIZER C-8 [Asahi Denka Kogyo] Uses: Surfactant for soap bars, shaving creams, deodorant sticks, sham-
Chem. Descrip.: Trioctyl trimellitate poos, bubble bath, fabric softeners, hard surf. cleaners, heavy duty laundry
CAS 89-04-3 detergents, automatic dishwashing detergents, agric. formulations, gasoline
Uses: PVC plasticizer for elec. cable wire, car upholstery, sealants, gaskets additives, cellulose extrusion
Features: Heat-resist.; provides exc. long-term heat stability, good elec. Properties: Colorless to yel. liq.; m.w. 257; sp.gr. 1.0; visc. 125-160 cSt;
insulating prop., low volatility; easy processing pour pt. 0 C; 0.5% max. free amine; 1.0% max. free peroxide
Properties: APHA 60 color; sp.gr. 0.990; visc. 220 cps; flash pt. 242 C Admox® SC-1485 [Albemarle]
ADK STAB CPL-37 [Asahi Denka Kogyo] Chem. Descrip.: Myristamine oxide in polyethylene glycol
Chem. Descrip.: Ba complex Uses: Surfactant for soap bars, shampoos, fabric softeners, hard surf. clean-
Uses: PVC stabilizer for calendered sheets and powd. compds. for automo- ers, heavy-duty laundry detergents, bubble bath powd.
bile upholstery Features: High foam; cuts grease
Features: Prevents discoloration and loss of physical props. due to amine Properties: Solid dihydrate; m.w. 257; m.p. 40-42 C; flash pt. > 93 C; 0.3%
compd. max. free amine; 1.0% max. free peroxide
Properties: Liq. Admox® SC-1685 [Albemarle]
ADK STAB CPL-1551 [Asahi Denka Kogyo] Chem. Descrip.: Hexadecyldimethylamine oxide
Chem. Descrip.: Special phosphite CAS 7128-91-8; EINECS/ELINCS 230-429-0
Uses: PVC stabilizer for calendered sheets and powd. compds. for automo- Uses: Surfactant for soap bars, shaving creams, deodorant sticks, sham-
bile upholstery poos, bubble bath, fabric softeners, hard surf. cleaners, heavy duty laundry
Features: Provides heat stability, color retention and light stability detergents, automatic dishwashing detergents, agric. formulations, gasoline
Use Level: 0.5-1.0 phr (calender sheet), 0-1 phr (powd. slush compd.) additives, cellulose extrusion
Properties: Liq. Properties: Amphoteric
Adma® 18 [Albemarle] Admox® SC-1885 [Albemarle]
Chem. Descrip.: Octadecyl dimethylamine Chem. Descrip.: Stearamine oxide
CAS 124-28-7; EINECS/ELINCS 204-694-8 CAS 2571-88-2; EINECS/ELINCS 219-919-5
Uses: Intermediate for quat. ammonium compds., amine oxides, betaines, for Uses: Surfactant for soap bars, shaving creams, deodorant sticks, sham-
biocides, textile chems., oil field chems., household prods., disinfectants, poos, bubble bath, fabric softeners, hard surf. cleaners, heavy duty laundry
sanitizers, industrial hand cleaners, cosmetics, bubble baths, deodorants, detergents, automatic dishwashing detergents, agric. formulations, gasoline
PU foam catalysts, epoxy curing agents additives, cellulose extrusion
Properties: Clear liq., fatty amine odor; sp.gr. 0.807; f.p. 21 C; amine no. 186; Properties: Solid; m.w. 313; m.p. 61-62 C; flash pt. > 93 C; 0.3% max. free
flash pt. (PM) 163 C; 98% tert. amine; cationic amine; 1.0% max. free peroxide
Precaution: Corrosive Adogen® 66 [Goldschmidt]
Admex® 409 [Velsicol; Harwick Std. Distrib.] Chem. Descrip.: Ethyl bis polyethoxy ethanol alkyl ammonium ethyl sulfate
Uses: Plasticizer for PVC and rubber formulations such as wire and cable Uses: Fabric softener; nylon retarding agent; antistat, stabilizer for fabric, fiber,
coatings offering good elec. props., film, tape, and coated fabrics and yarn finish formulations
Features: Good humidity stability, migration resist. to rubber, oil and hexane Properties: Liq.; flash pt. (PMCC) > 212 F; 100% solids; cationic
resist., low volatility Adogen® 432 [Goldschmidt]
Properties: Low odor; med. m.w. Chem. Descrip.: Dicetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, propylene glycol
Admex® 761 [Velsicol; Harwick Std. Distrib.] Uses: Fabric softener conc. for home and commercial laundries, textile
Chem. Descrip.: Med. m.w. polymeric adipate polyester processing; antistatic coating for cellulose acetate, polyacetal, PE, PP
Uses: Plasticizer for surgical tapes, furniture upholstery Regulatory: FDA accepted
Features: Exc. resist. to org. extractants; exc. foam structure for surgical Properties: Gardner 3 max. liq.; easily disp. in water; m.w. 521; flash pt.
tape; nonextractable in furniture upholstery (PM) 70 F; 67-69% quat.; cationic
Properties: Lt. colored clear bright fluid to visc. liq., mild ester odor; m.w. Adogen® 442 75% [Goldschmidt]
3500; sp.gr. 1.112; visc. 3650 cps; pour pt. 30 F; acid no. 2.5; hyd. no. 3; Chem. Descrip.: Quaternium-18, IPA
flash pt. 515 F; ref. index 1.480 Uses: Fabric softener, antistat for home and commercial laundries, textile
Admex® 1723 [Velsicol; Harwick Std. Distrib.] processing; antistatic coating for cellulose acetate, polyacetal, PE, PP
Chem. Descrip.: Med.-low m.w. polymeric adipate plasticizer Regulatory: FDA accepted
Uses: Plasticizer for calendered sheet, decorative graphics, single-ply roof- Properties: Wh. solid; m.w. 569; flash pt. (PMCC) 65 F; 75% solids
ing, vehicle and furniture upholstery Adogen® 442 E-83 [Goldschmidt]
Features: Exc. processing; printable; permanent; nonvolatile and flexible Chem. Descrip.: Dihydrogenated tallow dimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate,
Properties: Lt. colored clear, bright fluid to visc. liq., mild ester odor; m.w. ethanol/water
2500; sp.gr. 1.107; visc. 4800 cps; pour pt. 15 F; acid no. 2.0; hyd. no. 16; Uses: Fabric softener, antistat
flash pt. 525 F; ref. index 1.475; 0.1% moisture Properties: Wh. solid; m.w. 569; flash pt. (PMCC) 85 F; 83% solids

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 17


Adogen® 461

Adogen® 461 [Goldschmidt] 6.0-7.0; surf. tens. 28 dynes/cm; 50% act. in water; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Coco trimethyl ammonium chloride Toxicology: Nonirritating or sensitizing to skin
CAS 61789-18-2; EINECS/ELINCS 263-038-9 Environmental: Biodeg.
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant used in corrosion inhibitor formulations for oil field Aerosol® A-102 [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV]
brines and HCl acidizing systems; textile antistat Chem. Descrip.: Disodium deceth-6 sulfosuccinate
Properties: Liq.; 50% conc.; cationic CAS 68311-03-5
Adogen® 471 [Goldschmidt] Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, foaming agent, dispersant, surfactant, wetting
Chem. Descrip.: Tallow trimonium chloride, IPA agent used in emulsion polymerization of PVAc/acrylics, textiles, cosmet-
Uses: Dispersant, antistat, emulsifier used in corrosion inhibitor formulations ics, shampoos, wallboard; food pkg. adhesives
for oil field brines and HCl acidizing systems; textile antistat Features: Stable to acid media
Properties: Gardner 6 max. liq.; m.w. 339; flash pt. 58 F (PM); 49-52% Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105
quat.; cationic Properties: Colorless to lt. yel. clear liq.; sol. in water, dimethyl sulfoxide;
Adogen 472 80 [Goldschmidt] m.w. 614; sp.gr. 1.08; dens. 9.01 lb/gal; visc. 40 cps; f.p. -4 C; flash pt.
Chem. Descrip.: Quat blend in IPA (Seta CC) > 200 F; acid no. 6 max.; pH 4.5-5.5; surf. tens. 33 dynes/cm;
Uses: Fabric softener 30% act. in water; anionic
Features: Thick, rich-looking disp.; premium softening Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 30.8 ml/kg, (dermal, rabbit) > 5.0 ml/kg; moderate
Properties: Solid; 80% solids skin, minimal eye irritation
Adox 8125 [Int’l. Dioxcide] Environmental: Biodeg.
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium chlorite Aerosol® A-103 [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV]
CAS 7758-19-2; EINECS/ELINCS 231-836-6; UN No. 1908 Chem. Descrip.: Disodium nonoxynol-10 sulfosuccinate
Uses: Antimicrobial for bleaching (pulp/paper, textile dyestuffs, fats, oils, CAS 9040-38-4
leather, cherry), industrial (recycled flume water, slimicide, cooling tower Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, wetting agent, surfactant, surf. tens. depressant
algicide, oil well bacterial control, food processing microbicide, beverage used in PVAc acrylic emulsions, textile emulsions, pad-bath additives,
plant sanitization); wastewater/oxidant (sulfide, phenol, cyanide, manga- textile wetting, cosmetics, shampoos, wallboard; food pkg. adhesives
nese, and iron destruction), potable water disinfection (trihalomethane con- Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105
trol, taste, odor, and bacterial control) Properties: Colorless to lt. yel. clear liq.; sol. in water, MEK; partly sol. in
Regulatory: EPA reg. no. 9150-7; GRAS; ANSI/NSF 60 certified other polar solvs.; m.w. 854; sp.gr. 1.09; dens. 9.1 lb/gal; visc. 170-190
Properties: Pale grn. clear liq.; faint bleach-like odor; misc. in water; m.w. cps; f.p. -9 C; flash pt. (Seta CC) > 200 F; acid no. 10 max.; pH 4.5-5.5;
90.45; sp.gr. 1.24 (20 C); f.p. -9 C; b.p. 106 C; pH 12.5-13; 25% conc. in surf. tens. 34 dynes/cm; 35% act. in water; anionic
water Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 10 ml/kg; not appreciably irritating to skin and
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 165 mg/kg; skin irritant; severe eye irritant; eyes
possible permanent eye damage; inh. irritates nose and throat; ing. irritates Aerosol® C-61 [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV]
GI tract; may cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, pain, liver/kidney/blood Chem. Descrip.: Ethoxylated alkyl guanidine-amine complex
cell damage Uses: Antistat; pigment dispersant; flushing agent; wetting agent; settling
Precaution: Corrosive; does not burn but combustibles wetted with prod. and agent; alkaline, cement, brick, and tile cleaner formulations for crystal growth
subsequently dried are easily ignited and burn vigorously; incompat. with control, emulsion breaking; alkaline metal and paint brush cleaners; paint
reducing agents, sulfur-contg. materials, powd. metals, ammonium compds., removers; textile softener; demulsifying agent; foaming agent; for plastics,
acids paper, textiles, adhesive industries
Hazardous Ingreds.: Sodium chlorite (25%) Properties: Lt. tan creamy paste; strong ammoniacal odor; sol. in org. solvs.
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Reacts on mixing with acids to give toxic in presence of alcohol; disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8 lb/gal; flash pt.
chlorine dioxide and chlorine gas; residues will give off oxygen on being (Seta CC) 94 F; surf. tens. 34 dynes/cm; 70.4% act.; cationic
heated strongly Environmental: Partially biodeg.
HMIS: Health 3; Flammability 1; Reactivity 1 Aerosol® MA-80 [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV]
Storage: Store in cool, dry, fireproof building; keep away from combustibles Chem. Descrip.: Dihexyl sodium sulfosuccinate
and acids CAS 3006-15-3; EINECS/ELINCS 221-109-1
Advantage® 357 Defoamer [Hercules/Pulp & Paper] Uses: Dispersant; textile wetting agent; emulsifier; solubilizer; penetrant; used
Chem. Descrip.: Silica/hydrocarbon oil-based defoamer for emulsion polymerization, battery separators, electroplating, ore leaching;
Uses: Antifoam for wet-end acid and alkaline papermaking operations, water- germicidal act.; solubilizer for shampoos; food pkg. adhesives, paper/paper-
based paint systems incl. S/B, PVAc, and acrylic latexes, semigloss and board, polymers; emulsifier in mfg. of food-contact articles
gloss paints, aq. adhesives, cutting oils, water-based printing inks, liq. floor Features: Not as rapidly biodeg. as Aerosol 18 and 22
polishes, drilling muds; textile dyeing, finishing and scouring operations; Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180, 177.1210, 178.3400
improves drainage rate in dewatering and filtering operations; food pkg. Properties: APHA 50 max. clear slightly visc. liq.; sol. in water, alcohol, and
adhesives, paper/paperboard, cellophane, animal glue org. solvs.; sp.gr. 1.13; dens. 9.4 lb/gal; f.p. -28 C; m.p. 199-292 C; flash
Features: Controls entrained air and surface foam; pt. (Seta CC) 115 F; surf. tens. 28 dynes/cm; 80% act. in IPA; anionic
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.1200, 178.3120 Aerosol® NPES 458 [Cytec Ind.]
Properties: Greenish-brn. oily liq.; sp.gr. 0.91; dens. 7.62 lb/gal Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium salt of sulfated nonylphenoxy POE ethanol
Storage: Infinite shelf life; prod. may settle during prolonged storage; redisperse CAS 9051-57-4
before using Uses: Surfactant for emulsion polymerization of acrylic, styrene and vinyl
Advantage® 831 Defoamer [Hercules/Pulp & Paper] acetate systems, dishwashing detergents, germicides, pesticides, general
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophobic silica/hydrocarbon oil-based defoamer purpose cleaners, cosmetics, and textile wet processing applics.; emulsifier
Uses: Defoamer for latex mfg., paper coatings, adhesives, detergents, starch in mfg. of food-contact articles
cooking, textiles, metalworking fluids Features: High foaming
Features: Rapid bubble-break time and persistence Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §178.3400; EPA exempt 40CFR §180.1001(d)
Regulatory: FDA compliance Properties: Pale yel. clear liq., alcoholic odor; sol. in water; partly sol. in org.
Properties: Lt. gray liq.; water-disp.; sp.gr. 0.91; dens. 7.62 lb/gal; visc. 500- solvs.; m.w. 493; sp.gr. 1.065; dens. 8.9 lb/gal; visc. 100 cps; f.p. < 0 C;
1500 cps flash pt. (PMCC) 83 F; pH 6.5-7.5; surf. tens. 31 dynes/cm; 58% conc. in
Aerosol® 501 [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV] water/alcohol; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Disodium alkyl sulfosuccinate Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 5 g/kg; severe eye, moderate skin irritant
Uses: Dispersant, emulsifier, wetting agent, dispersant, foaming agent for Aerosol® OT-70 PG [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV]
acrylic and vinyl acetate emulsions, self-crosslinking latexes, textiles Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate, propylene glycol/water
Properties: APHA 60 max. clear liq.; water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.16; dens. 9.66 lb/ Uses: Wetting agent; surf. tens. depressant; emulsifier; surfactant; face and
gal; visc. 260 cps; f.p. -3 C; flash pt. (Seta CC) > 200 F; acid no. 7.0; pH hand creams; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane,

18 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


AF HL-40

textiles; emulsifier in mfg. of food-contact articles Properties: Lt. amber, transparent liq.; limited water sol., good org. solv.;
Features: For use where high flash required sp.gr. 1.0; visc. 200-300 cps; flash pt. (Seta CC) 134 F; surf. tens. 26
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.210, 177.1200, dynes/cm; 70% act. in lt. petrol. distillate; anionic
177.2800, 178.3400 Environmental: Biodeg.
Properties: Clear to slightly yel. liq.; limited water sol.; sol. in org. solv.; Aerotex M-3 [Noveon]
sp.gr. 1.09; visc. 200-400 cps; flash pt. (Seta CC) > 200 F; surf. tens. 26 Chem. Descrip.: Trimethoxy methylol melamine
dynes/cm; 70% act.; anionic CAS 9003-08-1
Environmental: Biodeg. Uses: Crosslinking agent, hand builder adding durability and resilience to
Aerosol® OT-75% [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV] fabrics (cellulosics, synthetics); adds durability to fluorochem. and water
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate repellent finishes
CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4 Features: Compat. with most textile finishing agents
Uses: Wetting agent, surf. tens. depressant in textiles, rubber, petrol., paper, Regulatory: FDA approved
metals, paints, plastics, agric.; antistat for cosmetics, dry cleaning deter- Properties: 80% act.
gents, emulsions, plastics, pipelines, suspension polymerization; soldering Aerotex P200 [Noveon]
flux; wallpaper removal; emulsifier wax for polishes, firefighting, germi- Chem. Descrip.: Butylated melamine formaldehyde resin
cides, metal cleaners, mold release agents; dispersant in paints, inks, paper, CAS 68002-25-5
photography; processing aid; rust preventive; food pkg. adhesives, coat- Uses: Crosslinking agent, hand builder adding durability and resilience to
ings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, textiles fabrics (cellulosics, synthetics)
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.210, 177.1200, Features: Compat. with most textile finishing agents
177.2800, 178.3400 Properties: 80% act.
Properties: APHA 100 max. clear visc. liq.; m.w. 444; sol. org. solv.; limited AF 10 IND [Harcros]
water sol.; sp.gr. 1.09; visc. 200 cps; flash pt. 85 C (OC); acid no. 2.5 Chem. Descrip.: Polydimethylsiloxane
max.; surf. tens. 28.7 dynes/cm (0.1% aq.); 75 ± 2% solids in water/ CAS 9016-00-6
alcohol; anionic Uses: Emulsifier, antifoam for aq. systems, agric., cutting oils, drilling muds,
Environmental: Biodeg. effluents, chemicals, detergents, textiles, abrasive slurries, adhesive and
Aerosol® OT-75-PG [Cytec Ind.] ink mfg., latex and starch processing, pulp slurries
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate in propylene glycol and water Regulatory: FDA 180.1001c,d
Uses: Wetting agent, surf. tens. depressant in textiles, rubber, petrol., paper, Properties: Wh. liq.; water-disp.; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; flash pt. > 212
metals, paints, plastics, agric.; antistat for cosmetics, dry cleaning deter- F (PMCC); pH 4-5 (1% aq.); 10% act.; nonionic
gents, emulsions, plastics, pipelines, suspension polymerization; emulsifier AF 60 [GE Silicones; Harwick Std. Distrib.]
wax for polishes, firefighting, germicides, metal cleaners, mold release Chem. Descrip.: Dimethyl polysiloxane aq. emulsion
agents; dispersant in paints, inks, paper, photography; processing aid; rust CAS 9016-00-6
preventive; soldering flux; wallpaper removal; food-contact emulsifier Uses: Defoamer in adhesives, inks, latexes, soaps, starches, paints, and
Features: Very high flash pt. other aq. industrial systems; antifoam for NR and SR latexes, adhesives,
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §178.3400 paper, textiles, leather
Properties: Liq.; sol. in org. solvs.; sol. 2 g/100 ml in water; flash pt. (Seta Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §302/311/312/313 nonreportable
CC) > 200 F; surf. tens. 26 dynes/cm min.; 75% act.; anionic Properties: Milky wh. liq.; sorbic acid odor; sol. in water, alcohol; sp.gr. 1.01;
Environmental: Completely biodeg. dens. 8.4 lb/gal; visc. 500 cps; f.p. 0 C; b.p. 100 C; pH 5-7; 30% silicone,
Aerosol® OT-100% [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV] 44.5% solids, 60% volatile; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate Toxicology: May irritate eyes
CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4 Hazardous Ingreds.: Acetaldehyde (< 1%)
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, lubricant, wetting agent, mold release agent for Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: (thermal): CO, CO2, SiO2, formaldehyde
emulsion and suspension polymerization, dry cleaning, industrial cleaners, HMIS: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
paints; surfactant for water-free systems; emulsifier for waxes; food pkg. Storage: 12 mos storage life when stored in original unopened containers @
adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, textiles 4-27 C
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.210, 177.1200, AF 72 [GE Silicones]
177.2800, 178.3400 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 stearate, sorbitan stearate, and silica
Properties: APHA 100 max. waxy solid; m.w. 444; sol. in polar and nonpolar Uses: Food-grade antifoam agent, surfactant for fermentation, brine systems,
solv.; sol. in oil, fat, and wax @ 75 C; disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.1; m.p. 153- chewing gum base, fruit processing, instant coffee, cheese whey, jelly,
157 C; acid no. 2.5 max.; surf. tens. 28.7 dynes/cm (0.1% aq.); 100% pickle, potato, rice, sauce, soft drink, veg., yeast, and wine processing,
conc.; anionic sugar refining, syrups; antifoam for industrial applics. such as textile dyeing
Environmental: Biodeg. and finishing, leather finishing, latex processing, soap and detergent mfg.,
Aerosol® OT-B [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV] adhesive mfg.; boiler feed water defoamer
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, sodium benzoate Regulatory: Kosher
Uses: Wetting agent, dispersant, solubilizer, adjuvant for agric. chem. wet- Properties: Wh. fluid, sl. sorbic acid odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.4
table powds.; pigment dispersant in plastics; in face powds. and powd. lb/gal; visc. 1000 cps; 30% silicone; 44.2% solids; nonionic
shampoos; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard, cellophane, AF 8805 [Harcros]
textiles Chem. Descrip.: Silicone antifoam
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.210, 177.1200, Uses: Antifoam for agric., cutting oils, drilling muds, effluent, inks, chemicals,
177.2800, 178.3400 detergents, textiles
Properties: Wh. powd.; bulk particle size 15-150 µ; m.w. 444; water-disp.; Regulatory: FDA 180.1001c,d
sp.gr. 1.1; m.p. < 300 C; acid no. 2.5 max.; surf. tens. 28.7 dynes/cm Properties: Wh. liq.; water-disp.; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; flash pt.
(0.1% aq.); 85% act., 15% sodium benzoate; anionic (PMCC) > 212 F; pH 4-5 (1% aq.); 5% act.
Aerosol® OT-S [Cytec Ind.; Cytec Ind. BV] AF 8810 [Harcros]
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate Chem. Descrip.: Silicone antifoam
CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4 Uses: Antifoam for agric., cutting oils, drilling muds, effluent, inks, chemicals,
Uses: Wetting agent, surf. tens. depressant, emulsifier for plastics, organo- detergents, textiles
sols, lacquers, varnishes, all org. media, dry cleaning, corrosion-resistant Regulatory: FDA 180.1001c,d
lubricants, agric. emulsions; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paper- Properties: Wh. liq.; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; flash pt. (PMCC) > 212 F;
board, cellophane, textiles pH 4-5 (1% aq.); 10% act.; nonionic
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.210, 177.1200, AF HL-40 [Harcros]
177.2800, 178.3400 Uses: Antifoam for latex paints, food pkg. adhesives/cellophane, inks, solvs.,

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 19


Afilan EHS

chemical processing, textiles, paper, paper coatings, electroplating; defoamer C; 98.5% act.
in food-contact coatings, paper/paperboard Ageflex® TMPTMA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Features: Nonsilicone Chem. Descrip.: Trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate with 175 ppm MEHQ
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800 inhibitor
Properties: Creamy yel. liq.; oil-sol.; sp.gr. 0.91; dens. 7.5 lb/gal; flash pt. Uses: Crosslinking monomer for coagents for wire and cable, hard rubber
(PMCC) > 200 F; 100% act.; nonionic rolls, polybutadiene and polyethylene, moisture barrier films and coatings,
Afilan EHS [Clariant] plastisols and vinyl acetate latexes, adhesives, molding compds., textile
Chem. Descrip.: 2-Ethylhexyl stearate prods.
CAS 22047-49-0; EINECS/ELINCS 244-754-0 Properties: APHA 100 color; m.w. 338.39; sp.gr. 1.06 (20/20 C); 99% act.
Uses: Surfactant for textile processing Ageflex® TPGDA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Properties: Sl. yel. clear liq.; visc. 20 cps; acid no. < 1; iodine no. < 2; Chem. Descrip.: Tripropylene glycol diacrylate with 175 ppm MEHQ inhibi-
sapon. no. 150; hyd. no. 3 tor
Afilan ODA [Clariant] EINECS/ELINCS 256-032-2
Chem. Descrip.: Di-C8-10 adipate Uses: Crosslinking monomer for UV-curable inks/coatings, floor tiles, wood
Uses: Surfactant for textile processing coatings and fillers, adhesives, textile finishes and rubber compds.
Properties: Sl. yel. clear liq.; visc. 15 cps; acid no. < 1; iodine no. < 2; Properties: APHA 150 color; m.w. 300.00; sp.gr. 1.039 (20/20 C); flash pt. >
sapon. no. 290; hyd. no. 3 100 C; 98.5% act.
Afilan PP [Clariant] Agefloc A4506 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Chem. Descrip.: Pentaerythrityl tetrapelargonate Chem. Descrip.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin copolymer
CAS 14450-05-6; EINECS/ELINCS 238-430-8 CAS 25988-97-0
Uses: Surfactant for textile processing Uses: Drainage aid, retention aid, raw and in-process water decolorizer, low
Properties: Sl. yel. clear liq.; visc. 50 cps; acid no. < 1; iodine no. < 2; turbidity water clarifier, emulsion breaker, liq./solids separator and sludge
sapon. no. 320; hyd. no. 1 dewatering agent for water treatment in paper industry; wire and felt cleaning
Afilan TDA [Clariant] compds.; for dye retention on cellulosic fibers; decolorizer for dye house
Chem. Descrip.: Ditridecyl adipate effluent in textile industry; food-contact paper/paperboard
CAS 16958-92-2; EINECS/ELINCS 247-660-8 Regulatory: FDA 21CFR§ 173.60, 176.170, 176.180
Uses: Surfactant for textile processing Properties: Sp.gr. 1.14; med. m.w.; visc. 700 cps; pH 5.0; 50% solids
Properties: Sl. yel. clear liq.; visc. 30 cps; acid no. < 1; iodine no. < 2; Agefloc A4510 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
sapon. no. 271; hyd. no. 1 Chem. Descrip.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin copolymer
Afilan TDS [Clariant] CAS 25988-97-0
Chem. Descrip.: Tridecyl stearate Uses: Drainage aid, retention aid, raw and in-process water decolorizer, low
CAS 31556-45-3; EINECS/ELINCS 250-696-7 turbidity water clarifier, emulsion breaker, liq./solids separator and sludge
Uses: Surfactant for textile processing dewatering agent for water treatment in paper industry; wire and felt cleaning
Properties: Sl. yel. clear liq.; visc. 30 cps; acid no. < 1; iodine no. < 2; compds.; for dye retention on cellulosic fibers; decolorizer for dye house
sapon. no. 123; hyd. no. 3; nonionic effluent in textile industry; food-contact paper/paperboard
Afilan TMOD [Clariant] Regulatory: FDA 21CFR§ 173.60, 176.170, 176.180
Chem. Descrip.: C8-10 trimethylolpropane tri ester Properties: Sp.gr. 1.14; high m.w.; visc. 5000 cps; pH 4.5; 50% solids
Uses: Surfactant for textile processing Agefloc B4508P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Properties: Sl. yel. clear liq.; visc. 34 cps; acid no. < 1; iodine no. < 2; Chem. Descrip.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin copolymer
sapon. no. 310; hyd. no. 3 CAS 25988-97-0
Aflamman IST/PCS [Thor UK] Uses: Coagulant, flocculant, drainage aid, retention aid, raw and in-process
Chem. Descrip.: Phosphorus/nitrogen compds. water decolorizer, low turbidity water clarifier, emulsion breaker, liq./solids
Uses: Flame retardant for textiles for use alone or in coating systems separator and sludge dewatering agent for water treatment in paper industry;
Features: Intumescent wire and felt cleaning compds.; for dye retention on cellulosic fibers; decol-
Environmental: Environmentally friendly orizer for dye house effluent in textile industry
Aflammit PE Conc. [Thor UK] Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water
Chem. Descrip.: Org. phosphorus compd. Properties: Sp.gr. 1.14; very low m.w.; visc. 60 cps; pH 7.5; 50% solids
Uses: Flame retardant for polyester for pad thermosol applic. Agefloc WT-20HV-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Features: Durable; halogen-free Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride)
Ageflex® FM-10 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] CAS 26062-79-3
Chem. Descrip.: Isodecyl methacrylate with 150 ppm MEHQ inhibitor Uses: Coagulant for water treatment, low turbidity water clarification, munici-
CAS 29964-84-9; EINECS/ELINCS 249-978-2 pal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry
Uses: Pressure-sensitive adhesives; coatings for leather, textiles, paper, effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention
nonwovens; polymer modifier/stabilizer; visc. index improver; dispersion Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH
for plastics and rubber, floor waxes, potting compds., sealants, adhesives Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water
Properties: APHA 100 clear liq.; m.w. 226.36; sp.gr. 0.878 (20/20 C); b.p. Properties: M.w. med.; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 350 cps; pH 6; 20% solids
126 C (10 mm); flash pt. 121 C; 97.5% act. Agefloc WT-20-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Ageflex® FM-68 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride)
Chem. Descrip.: Stearyl methacrylate (natural, C16-18 methacrylates) with CAS 26062-79-3
100 ppm HQ inhibitor Uses: Coagulant for water treatment, low turbidity water clarification, munici-
CAS 32360-05-7 pal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry
Uses: Monomer for lube oil additives, pour pt. depressants, paper coatings, effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention
textile finishes, paints, varnishes, pressure-sensitive adhesives Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH
Properties: APHA 200 color; m.w. 338.58; sp.gr. 0.864 (20/20 C); f.p. 18 C; Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water
flash pt. 93 C; 57% C18, 25% C16 Properties: M.w. low; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 130 cps; pH 6; 20% solids
Ageflex® MEA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] Agefloc WT-20VHV-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment]
Chem. Descrip.: Methoxyethyl acrylate with 50 ppm MEHQ inhibitor Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride)
CAS 3121-61-7 CAS 26062-79-3
Uses: Monomer for solv.-resist. elastomers, polyacrylate rubbers, UV-cur- Uses: Coagulant for water treatment, low turbidity water clarification, munici-
able reactive diluent, soft contact lenses, PVC impact modifier, fabric coat- pal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry
ings, barrier coatings for polyethylene, textile coatings effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention
Properties: APHA 50 color; m.w. 130.15; sp.gr. 1.012 (20/20 C); flash pt. 82 Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH

20 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Airflex® CE35

Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water Uses: For use in water treatment for low turbidity water clarification, municipal
Properties: M.w. high; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 700 cps; pH 6; 20% solids water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry efflu-
Agefloc WT35VHV-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] ents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH
CAS 26062-79-3 Regulatory: Potable water approved
Uses: Coagulant, flocculant for use in water treatment for low turbidity water Properties: Low m.w.; sp.gr. 1.08; visc. 750 cps; pH 6; 40% solids
clarification, municipal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining Ahcovel Base 700 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.]
water, laundry effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye reten- Chem. Descrip.: Fatty amide acetate salt
tion Uses: Textile softener
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH Properties: Solid; 94% conc.; cationic
Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water Airflex® 105 [Air Prods./Polymers]
Properties: High m.w.; sp.gr. 1.07; visc. 15,000 cps; pH 6; 36% solids Chem. Descrip.: Self-crosslinking vinyl acetate-ethylene polymer
Agefloc WT35VLV-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] CAS 24937-78-8
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) Uses: Nonwoven binder for wipes, towels, lightweight cover stock
CAS 26062-79-3 Properties: Visc. 400-1000 cps; pH 5-6; 52% solids; anionic/nonionic
Uses: Coagulant, flocculant for use in water treatment for low turbidity water Airflex® 108 [Air Prods./Polymers]
clarification, municipal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining Chem. Descrip.: Crosslinkable vinyl acetate ethylene copolymer
water, laundry effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye reten- CAS 24937-78-8
tion Uses: Saturant for paper applics.; nonwoven binder
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH Features: High performance, ultra-low formaldehyde; meets demanding applic.
Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water needs where high str., durability, and absorbency are required
Properties: Low m.w.; sp.gr. 1.07; visc. 150 cps; pH 6; 35% solids Properties: 0.25 µm particle size; visc. 200 cps; pH 5.5; 55% solids; anionic
Agefloc WT-40HV-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] Airflex® 124 [Air Prods./Polymers]
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) Chem. Descrip.: Vinyl acetate ethylene copolymer
CAS 26062-79-3 CAS 24937-78-8
Uses: Coagulant for water treatment, low turbidity water clarification, munici- Uses: Saturant for wallpaper and specialty paper applics.; nonwoven binder
pal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry Features: Soft polymer with high wet str., soft hand, low formaldehyde
effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention Properties: 0.25 µm particle size; visc. 175 cps; pH 5.5; 52% solids; anionic
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH Airflex® 440 Dev [Air Prods./Polymers]
Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl acetate-ethylene copolymer
Properties: M.w. med.; sp.gr. 1.08; visc. 10,000 cps; pH 6; 40% solids CAS 24937-78-8
Agefloc WT-40-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] Uses: Emulsion for adhesives, incl. packaging, luggage and handbags,
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) bookbinding, shoes, textiles, laminating, furniture, construction
CAS 26062-79-3 Features: Low VOCs; good adhesion, flexibility
Uses: Coagulant for water treatment, low turbidity water clarification, munici- Properties: Sl. hazy; dens. 8.9 lb/gal; visc. 1800-2700 cps (@ 20 rpm); pH
pal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry 4-5; tens. str. 800 psi (ultimate); elong. 1000% (ultimate); 55% solids; 0.1%
effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention max. total VOCs
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH Airflex® 4500 [Air Prods./Polymers]
Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-vinyl chloride copolymer latex
Properties: M.w. low; sp.gr. 1.08; visc. 2000 cps; pH 6; 40% solids Uses: Coating binder for size press and saturant for paper and wallpaper
Agefloc WT50SLV [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] applics.; useful in heat seal adhesive applics. or where a moisture barrier is
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) required; binder for nonwovens and textiles; nonwoven binder for fiberfill and
CAS 26062-79-3 high loft stock requiring flame retardancy; imparts flexibility and water resist.
Uses: For use in water treatment for low turbidity water clarification, municipal to caulks, mastics, barrier coats in building applics., high build flexible
water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining water, laundry efflu- coatings, low MVTR coatings
ents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye retention Features: Crosslinkable; flexible; exc. water, alcohol, and grease resist.;
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH inherently flame retardant
Regulatory: Potable water approved Properties: Emulsion; 0.12 nm particle size; dens. 9.17 lb/gal; visc. 25-150
Properties: Very low m.w.; sp.gr. 1.09; visc. 150 cps; pH 6; 50% solids cps; pH 8.0; 50% solids; anionic
Agefloc WT2101-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] Airflex® 4514 [Air Prods./Polymers]
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-vinyl chloride copolymer latex
CAS 26062-79-3 Uses: Coating binder and saturant for paper and paperboard applics.; binder
Uses: Coagulant, flocculant for use in water treatment for low turbidity water for flame retardant fabrics, heat sealable nonwovens; useful in heat seal
clarification, municipal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining adhesive applics. or where a moisture barrier is required; binder for non-
water, laundry effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye reten- wovens and textiles; imparts flexibility and water resist. to caulks, mastics,
tion barrier coats in building applics., low MTVR coatings
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH Features: Inherently flame retardant
Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water Properties: Emulsion; 0.12 nm particle size; dens. 9.22 lb/gal; visc. 25-150
Properties: High m.w.; sp.gr. 1.03; visc. 650 cps; pH 6; 15% solids cps; pH 8.0; 50% solids; anionic
Agefloc WT2206-P [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] Airflex® 4530 [Air Prods./Polymers]
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-vinyl chloride copolymer latex
CAS 26062-79-3 Uses: Coating binder and saturant for paper and paperboard applics.; useful
Uses: Coagulant, flocculant for use in water treatment for low turbidity water in heat seal adhesive applics. or where a moisture barrier is required; binder
clarification, municipal water treatment, sludge dewatering, recycled mining for nonwovens and textiles; binder for filters, stiff flame retardant nonwov-
water, laundry effluents, oil field waters, yarn processing, textile dye reten- ens; imparts flexibility and water resist. to caulks, mastics, barrier coats in
tion building applics., baked industrial coatings, high PVC ceiling tile coatings
Features: Unaffected by temp. or pH Features: Exc. water, alcohol, and grease resist.; highest stiffness, tens. str.,
Regulatory: NSF approved for potable water and flame retardancy in series; crosslinkable with UF and MF
Properties: High m.w.; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 2000 cps; pH 6; 20% solids Properties: Emulsion; 0.11 nm particle size; dens. 9.37 lb/gal; visc. 25-150
Agefloc WT2400 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Water Treatment] cps; pH 8.0; 50% solids; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Poly(dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride) Airflex® CE35 [Air Prods. Polymers Europe]
CAS 26062-79-3 Chem. Descrip.: Vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate/ethylene terpolymer disp.

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 21


Airflex® CF50

Uses: Binder for fabrics, glass fiber; textile auxiliary and coating; paper Features: Offers high tens. str. and ease of film formation, exc. adhesive
coatings chars; sol’ns. are nongelling providing long shelf life at low temps.
Properties: Disp.; 0.15 µm particle size; visc. 50 ± 30 mPa•s; pH 6; 50 ± Properties: Visc. 16.5-20.5 cps; pH 5.0-7.0; 98.0-98.8% hydrolysis
1% solids Airvol® 523 [Celanese GmbH]
Airflex® CF50 [Air Prods. Polymers Europe] Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl alcohol, partially hydrolyzed
Chem. Descrip.: Vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymer disp. CAS 25213-24-5
CAS 9003-22-9 Uses: Binder, carrier, compounding agent, dispersant, stabilizer, protective
Uses: Binder for fabrics, glass fiber; textile auxiliary and coating; paper colloid in polymerizations for textiles, paper, cement/plaster additive, films,
coatings ceramics, molded prods., mold release; useful for remoistenable adhesives,
Properties: Disp.; 0.15 µm particle size; visc. 80 ± 60 mPa•s; pH 5; 50 ± wood adhesives, envelope, label, bookbinding, padding, carton sealing
1% solids applics.
Airflex® EN 428 [Air Prods. Polymers Europe] Properties: Visc. 23-27 cps (4% aq., 20 C); pH 4-6 (4% aq.); 87-89%
Chem. Descrip.: VA/ethylene copolymer disp. with reactive groups hydrolysis
CAS 24937-78-8 Airvol® 540 [Celanese GmbH]
Uses: Binder for fabrics, glass fiber; textile auxiliary and coating Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl alcohol, partially hydrolyzed
Properties: Disp.; 0.2-0.3 µm particle size; visc. 200 ± 150 mPa•s; pH 4- CAS 25213-24-5
4.5; tens. str. 4.5 N/mm2 (crosslinked film); tens. elong. 400% (break); 52 Uses: Binder, carrier, compounding agent, dispersant, stabilizer, protective
± 1% solids colloid in polymerizations for textiles, paper, cement/plaster additive, films,
Airflex® EP 177 [Air Prods. Polymers Europe] molded prods., nonwovens; useful for remoistenable adhesives, wood ad-
Chem. Descrip.: Vinyl acetate/ethylene copolymer disp. hesives, envelope, label, bookbinding, padding, carton sealing applics.
CAS 24937-78-8 Properties: Visc. 45-55 cps (4% aq., 20 C); pH 4-6 (4% aq.); 87-89%
Uses: For textile finishing/softening hydrolysis
Airflex® RB-11 [Air Prods./Polymers] Akypo LF 6 [Kao Corp.]
Chem. Descrip.: Vinyl acetate-ethylene latex emulsion Chem. Descrip.: Buteth-3 carboxylic acid, capryleth-9 carboxylic acid
CAS 24937-78-8 Uses: Surfactant for industrial, institutional and household cleaning, metal-
Uses: For carpetbacking applics. where firmer hand is desired working fluids, disinfectant cleaners, high-pressure cleaners, engine clean-
Features: PVAL stabilization ers, automatic dishwash, cooling water systems, electroplating, textile pre-
Properties: Dens. 8.9 lb/gal; visc. 1400-2000 cps; pH 4-5; 55% solids treatment
Airflex® RB-35 [Air Prods./Polymers] Features: Low foaming; alkaline and acid-stable
Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-vinyl chloride emulsion Properties: Ylsh. liq.; visc. < 200 mPa•s; HLB 14.0; pH 1.5-3.0 (1%); cloud
Uses: For carpetbacking applics. pt. > 100 C (1% aq., pH 12); surf. tens. 30.3 mN/m (1%, pH 3.5); 93%
Features: Surfactant stabilization; max. fire retardant chars. act.; anionic
Properties: Dens. 9.0 lb/gal; visc. 25-150 cps; pH 8-9; 50% solids Environmental: Biodeg.
Airflex® RB-40 [Air Prods./Polymers] AL 1701 [Mace Adhesives & Coatings]
Chem. Descrip.: Ethylene-vinyl chloride emulsion Chem. Descrip.: Aliphatic polyether PU laminating adhesive
Uses: Provides moderately stiff hand, exc. fire retardancy for carpetbacking Uses: Laminating adhesive for paper, foam, cotton, polyester, stainless steel,
applics. mylar, nylon, aluminum, and PE film
Features: Surfactant stabilization; Features: Waterborne; good grn. str. and adhesion to most substrates
Properties: Dens. 9.0 lb/gal; visc. 25-150 cps; pH 8-9; 50% solids Properties: Visc. 2000 ± 1000 cps; low m.p.; pH 7.5-8.5; VOC 137 g/l; 60
Airflex® TL-30 [Air Prods./Polymers] ± 1% solids
Chem. Descrip.: Vinyl acetate-ethylene latex AL 4190 [Mace Adhesives & Coatings]
CAS 24937-78-8 Chem. Descrip.: Aliphatic polyether PU laminating adhesive
Uses: For carpetbacking applics. Uses: Laminating adhesive for wet or dry laminations of paper, film, vinyl, foil,
Features: PVAL stabilization or fabric constructions
Properties: Dens. 8.9 lb/gal; visc. 1400-2000 cps; pH 4-5; 55% solids Features: High performance; waterborne; low VOC; rapid bond str.; de-
Aironil 41M-EM [Manufacturers Chems.] signed to exhibit high degree of specific adhesion to various substrates, incl.
Chem. Descrip.: Filled dimethyl silicone compd. contg. emulsifier low energy surfaces
Uses: Defoamer for aq. systems and textile applics. incl. dyeing, finishing, Use Level: 0.3-1.5 oz/yd2 (dry coat wt.)
printing, and prep. of other textile chems. such as latex compds., softeners, Properties: Milky liq.; mild alcoholic odor; dens. 8.1 lb/gal; visc. 1500 ± 500
lubricants, and surfactants cps (70 F); pH 7.5-8.5; VOC 250 g/l; 36 ± 1% solids; anionic
Features: Inert in most systems Storage: Store @ 40-100 F; keep away from all sources of ignition
Use Level: 20-200 ppm (on wt. of aq. system) AL 4781 [Mace Adhesives & Coatings]
Properties: Off-wh. opaque emulsion; disp. in water; sp.gr. 0.98; visc. 1500 Chem. Descrip.: Hybrid PU laminating adhesive
cps; 100% act. Uses: Laminating adhesive for paper, foam, cotton, mylar, PVC film, nylon,
Toxicology: Nonirritating polyester, stainless steel, and aluminum
Storage: Good storage stability Features: Waterborne; exc. for bonding foam/vinyl constructions @ R.T.
Airvol® 205 [Celanese GmbH] Properties: Visc. 1000 ± 500 cps; pH 7.5-8.5; VOC 343 g/l; 52 ± 1% solids
Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl alcohol, partially hydrolyzed AL 6919 [Mace Adhesives & Coatings]
CAS 25213-24-5 Chem. Descrip.: Hybrid PU laminating adhesive
Uses: Binder, carrier, compounding agent, dispersant, stabilizer, protective Uses: Laminating adhesive for wet or dry laminations of paper, film, vinyl, foil,
colloid in polymerizations for textiles, paper, cement/plaster, peelable caulks, or fabric constructions, foam/vinyl laminations at R.T.
ceramics, strippable coatings, mold release, nonwovens; useful for Features: Hybrid; low VOC; rapid bond str.; designed to exhibit high degree
remoistenable adhesives, wood adhesives, envelope, label, bookbinding, of specific adhesion to various substrates, incl. low energy surfaces
padding, carton sealing applics. Use Level: 0.3-1.5 oz/yd2 (dry coat wt.)
Properties: Wh. to cream gran. powd.; sp.gr. 1.27-1.31; bulk dens. 40 lb/ft3; Properties: Milky liq.; mild alcoholic odor; dens. 8.37 lb/gal; visc. 1000 ± 500
visc. 5.2-6.2 cps (4% aq., 20 C); pH 4.5-6.5 (4% aq.); ref. index 1.55 (20 cps (70 F); pH 7.5-8.5; VOC 225 g/l; 52 ± 1% solids; anionic
C); 87-89% hydrolysis Storage: Store @ 40-100 F; keep away from all sources of ignition
Airvol® 321 [Celanese GmbH] Albatex® FFC [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textile Dyes]
Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl alcohol, fully hydrolyzed Chem. Descrip.: Silicone
CAS 9002-89-5; EINECS/ELINCS 209-183-3 Uses: Penetration accelerator, deaerating agent, antifoam, wetting agent for
Uses: Imparts high water resist., good adhesion to hydrophilic surfs. such as alkaline bleach or dye systems
paper, cotton cloth; textile spun sizing and hand builder applics. Features: Very stable to acid, alkali, electrolytes, and shear; ideal for ma-

22 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Albone® 70 DG

chines with short liquor ratio or air stream tech. severe frost, but reqliquefies on heating
Properties: Liq.; exc. cold water sol.; sl. anionic Albone® 35 [Atofina SA]
Storage: Exc. storage stability @ 120 F Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogen peroxide, stabilized
Albatex® OR [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textile Dyes] CAS 7722-84-1; EINECS/ELINCS 231-765-0
Chem. Descrip.: Low m.w. polyamide Uses: Oxidizing agent, bleaching agent for org. synthesis, paper/pulp, tex-
Uses: Leveling and penetrating agent for vat dyes tiles, chem. mfg., minerals industry, etc.
Properties: Liq.; nonionic Properties: Colorless clear liq.; sl. pungent irritating odor; m.w. 34.02; dens.
Albegal® A [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] 1.133 g/ml; visc. 1.11 cP; vapor pressure 23 mm Hg (30 C); b.p. 108 C;
Chem. Descrip.: Polyglycol ether deriv. m.p. -33 C; pH 2.5; 35% conc., 16.5% act. oxygen
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for premetalized, acid, chrome, and Toxicology: ACGIH TLV 1 ppm, 1.4 mg/m3, 8 h TWA; LD50 (oral, rat) 1232
selected reactive dyes on wool; dyebath compatibilizer for one-bath dyeing mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg; may cause severe irritation or burns of
of acrylic/wool blends with cationic and anionic dyes skin, eyes, mucous membranes; ing. may cause upper GI irritation; TSCA
Features: Nonfoaming listed
Properties: Liq.; amphoteric Environmental: Aquatic LC50 (catfish, 96 h) 37.4 mg/l
Precaution: Corrosive Precaution: Corrosive, strong oxidizer; mixture with org. materials may be
Albegal® B [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textile Dyes] explosive; incompat. with flammables, cyanides, nitric acid, other oxidiz-
Chem. Descrip.: Polyglycol ether deriv. ing/reducing agents; liberation of oxygen gas may result in dangerous pres-
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for 1:2 metal complex and selected sures
reactive dyes on wool Storage: Store in orig. vented container in dry location, away from sunlight
Features: Promotes surf. levelness on goods and fiber levelness on tippy and heat sources; vent holes in bung cap must be kept open and free of
wool; optimizes levelness on wool with different affinities, ensuring exc. obstruction; do not store on wooden pallets
dyeings and repetition; nonfoaming Albone® 50 [Atofina SA]
Properties: Liq.; amphoteric Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogen peroxide, stabilized
Albegal® BMD [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textile Dyes] CAS 7722-84-1; EINECS/ELINCS 231-765-0
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrotropic proprietary blend Uses: Oxidizing agent, bleaching agent for org. synthesis, paper/pulp, tex-
Uses: Penetrant and deaerator in beam and pkg. dyeing machines and in tiles, chem. mfg., minerals industry, etc.
fabric padding Properties: Colorless clear liq.; sl. pungent irritating odor; m.w. 34.02; dens.
Properties: Visc. liq.; nonionic 1.196 g/ml; visc. 1.17 cP; vapor pressure 18 mm Hg (30 C); b.p. 114 C;
Albegal® FFA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] f.p. -52 C; pH 1.8; 50% conc., 23.5% act. oxygen
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone Toxicology: ACGIH TLV 1 ppm, 1.4 mg/m3, 8 h TWA; LD50 (oral, rat) 1232
Uses: Penetration accelerator, wetting agent, deaerating agent, defoamer for mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg; may cause severe irritation or burns of
beam and pkg. machines, promoting fiber and surf. levelness in dyeing skin, eyes, mucous membranes; ing. may cause upper GI irritation; TSCA
Features: Helps reduce risk of channeling; exc. acid and shear stability; good listed
alkaline and electrolyte stability Environmental: Aquatic LC50 (catfish, 96 h) 37.4 mg/l
Properties: Exc. cold water sol.; sl. anionic Precaution: Corrosive, strong oxidizer; mixture with org. materials may be
Storage: Exc. storage stability @ 120 F explosive; incompat. with flammables, cyanides, nitric acid, other oxidiz-
Albegal® NA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] ing/reducing agents; liberation of oxygen gas may result in dangerous pres-
Uses: Leveling agent, dispersant, detergent for Neolan® A dyes on wool sures
Features: Balances retarding and migration of the dyes Storage: Store in orig. vented container in dry location, away from sunlight
Properties: Sl. cationic and heat sources; vent holes in bung cap must be kept open and free of
Albegal® NH [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] obstruction; do not store on wooden pallets
Uses: Leveling agent for acid dyes on nylon Albone® 70 [Atofina SA]
Features: Promotes fiber and surf. level dyeing and controlled dye diffusion Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogen peroxide, lightly stabilized
into fiber; assists uniform buildup of combination shades without retarding CAS 7722-84-1; EINECS/ELINCS 231-765-0
dyes; does not impair fastness props. or fabric handle Uses: Oxidizing agent, bleaching agent for org. synthesis, paper/pulp, tex-
Properties: Amphoteric tiles, chem. mfg., minerals industry, metal surf. treatment, etc.
Albegal® Plus [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Properties: Colorless clear liq.; sl. pungent irritating odor; m.w. 34.02; dens.
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for Neolan® dyes on wool 1.288 g/ml; visc. 1.93 cP; vapor pressure 11 mm Hg (30 C); b.p. 126 C;
Features: Promotes shade buildup; prevents dye from exhausting too quickly, f.p. -40 C; pH 0.5; 70% conc., 32.9% act. oxygen
promoting balanced retarding and high dye yield; prevents channeling on Toxicology: ACGIH TLV 1 ppm, 1.4 mg/m3, 8 h TWA; LD50 (oral, rat) 1232
wound pkgs.; improves color fastness; low foaming mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg; may cause severe irritation or burns of
Properties: Amphoteric skin, eyes, mucous membranes; ing. may cause upper GI irritation; TSCA
Albegal® SET [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] listed
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for Lanaset® dyes on wool Environmental: Aquatic LC50 (catfish, 96 h) 37.4 mg/l
Features: Improved penetration ensures very good levelness and improved Precaution: Corrosive, strong oxidizer; mixture with org. materials may be
reproducibility; low foaming explosive; incompat. with flammables, cyanides, nitric acid, other oxidiz-
Properties: Amphoteric ing/reducing agents; liberation of oxygen gas may result in dangerous pres-
Albigen® A NEW [BASF; BASF AG] sures
Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinylpyrrolidone sol’n. Storage: Store in orig. vented container in dry location, away from sunlight
CAS 9003-39-8; EINECS/ELINCS 201-800-4 and heat sources; vent holes in bung cap must be kept open and free of
Uses: Stripping agent for dyeings (vat, sulfur, reactive, and direct dyes); obstruction; do not store on wooden pallets
leveling agent in dyeing with vat and direct dyes; washing-off agent to Albone® 70 DG [Atofina SA]
prevent ground from being stained with direct and reactive dyes Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogen peroxide, highly stabilized
Features: Prevents re-exhaustion of dyes in washing of prints; resist. to CAS 7722-84-1; EINECS/ELINCS 231-765-0
acids, alkalis, electrolytes, and water-hardness salts; non-surface-active Uses: Oxidizing agent, bleaching agent for org. synthesis, paper/pulp, tex-
Use Level: 4.5-7.5 g/l (stripping vat dyes); 3 g/l (stripping direct or reactive tiles, chem. mfg., minerals industry, etc.
dyes); 1.5-4.5 g/l (lightening shade of direct dyeings); 0.5-1.5 g/l (washing Features: Diluted to 35-50% for storage in user’s tank
off prints); 0.075-0.45 g/l (leveling vat dyes) Properties: Colorless clear liq.; sl. pungent irritating odor; m.w. 34.02; dens.
Properties: Almost colorless liq.; pH almost neutral; nonionic 1.288 g/ml; visc. 1.93 cP; vapor pressure 11 mm Hg (30 C); b.p. 126 C;
Toxicology: No harmful effects when properly used f.p. -40 C; pH 0.5; 70% conc., 32.9% act. oxygen
Storage: 24 mos shelf life stored in original sealed containers @ 5-25 C; once Toxicology: ACGIH TLV 1 ppm, 1.4 mg/m3, 8 h TWA; LD50 (oral, rat) 1232
opened, use contents ASAP, and tightly reclose; solidfies on exposure to mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg; may cause severe irritation or burns of

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 23


Albrite® 150

skin, eyes, mucous membranes; ing. may cause upper GI irritation; TSCA Uses: Acid catalyst in resin curing; chemical intermediate in formulation of rust
listed preventives, antistats, textile lubricants, oil additives, heavy metal extractants;
Environmental: Aquatic LC50 (catfish, 96 h) 37.4 mg/l in coatings and inks provides high reactivity and improved storage (appli-
Precaution: Corrosive, strong oxidizer; mixture with org. materials may be ance, automotive, floor, furniture, paper, and other coatings)
explosive; incompat. with flammables, cyanides, nitric acid, other oxidiz- Features: Compat. with alkyds, cellulosics, epoxies, melamine, urethane,
ing/reducing agents; liberation of oxygen gas may result in dangerous pres- B/S
sures Properties: Pale yel. liq.; sol. in ethanol, acetone, benzene, toluene, hexane;
Storage: Store in orig. vented container in dry location, away from sunlight partly sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.14 (20/4 C); visc. 49 cps; decomp. pt. gradual
and heat sources; vent holes in bung cap must be kept open and free of above 200 C; acid no. 270 min.; flash pt. (OC) 40 C; fire pt. (OC) 52 C; ref.
obstruction; do not store on wooden pallets index 1.483; VOC 3.1 lb/gal
Albrite® 150 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Toxicology: Corrosive; avoid prolonged/repeated eye or skin contact
Chem. Descrip.: Octyl acid phosphate Precaution: Flamm. liq.
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, Albrite® Phenyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
antistats, foams Chem. Descrip.: Phenyl acid phosphate
Albrite® Acetic Acid 80% [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] CAS 701-64-4
Chem. Descrip.: Acetic acid Uses: Catalyst used in coatings, chem. reactions; coupling agent and solubi-
CAS 64-19-7; EINECS/ELINCS 200-580-7 lizer in heavy-duty liq. detergents; curing agent in solder fluxes; binder for
Uses: Buffer in textile auxs.; mfg. of acetate esters foundry prods.; raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dis-
Properties: Colorless clear liq. persants, antistats, foams
Albrite® Amyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Albrite® Tributyl Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Chem. Descrip.: Amyl acid phosphate Chem. Descrip.: Tri (n-butyl) phosphate
CAS 12789-46-7 CAS 126-73-8; EINECS/ELINCS 204-800-2
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, Uses: Polymer solvating and plasticizing agent; antifoam for polymer sys-
antistats, foams tems, low temp., low flamm. hydraulic fluids; metal complexing agent in
Albrite® N-Butyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] solv. extraction; plasticizer for cellulosic, nitrocellulose, vinyl resins; de-
Chem. Descrip.: Butyl acid phosphate foamer in adhesives, textile sizes, vat dyeing; pigment wetting agent, rheol-
CAS 12788-93-1 ogy modifier, coalescing aid in coatings
Uses: Catalyst used in coatings and inks, for appliance, automotive, floor, Properties: Colorless clear liq., mild odor; sl. sol. in water; sp.gr. 0.98; visc.
furniture, paper, and other finishes; also for corrosion inhibitors, solder fluxes, 3.4 cps; vapor pressure 13.7 mm Hg (20 C); f.p. -80 C; b.p. 289 C (dec.);
lubricants, and tanning chems.; raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting acid no. < 0.1; flash pt. 160 C; surf. tens. 28 dynes/cm (20 C); 11.7% P
agents, dispersants, antistats, foams Toxicology: LD50 1.8 ml/kg, mod. toxic; avoid prolonged/repeated eye and
Features: Provides high reactivity while offering improved storage stability; skin contact
compat. with alkyds, cellulosics, epoxies, melamine, urethane, B/S Alcalase® [Novozymes A/S]
Properties: Pale yel. liq.; sol. in ethanol, acetone, benzene; partly sol. in Chem. Descrip.: Bacterial protease
water; insol. in toluene, hexane; sp.gr. 1.13; visc. 75 cs (40 C); decomp. pt. CAS 9014-01-1; EINECS/ELINCS 232-752-2
gradual above 180 C; flash pt. (CC) 90 C; fire pt. (OC) 202 C; ref. index Uses: Enzyme used in textiles for silk degumming and in detergent industry
1.428; VOC 0.2 lb/gal to remove protein-based stains; enzyme used in foods to improve functional,
Toxicology: Corrosive; avoid prolonged/repeated skin and eye contact nutritional, and flavoring props. of proteins (milk protein modification)
Albrite® 2-Ethyl Hexyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Features: Effective under neutral and sl. alkaline conditions (pH 7-10);
Chem. Descrip.: 2-Ethylhexyl acid phosphate nonaggressive towards wool
Uses: Metal extractant for the extraction of uranium from wet phosphoric acid Alcan FRF 5 [Alcan]
streams; raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
antistats, foams Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
Properties: Mobile, colorless to lt. yel. liq.; sol. in kerosene-type org. diluents CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
Albrite® N-Heptyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus-
Chem. Descrip.: Heptyl acid phosphate tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture
antistats, foams foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants
Albrite® N-Hexyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Chem. Descrip.: Hexyl acid phosphate Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 85% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42;
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, bulk dens. 1.2 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 15 g/100 g; decomp. temp. 200-
antistats, foams 250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9 (20% w/v slurry);
Albrite® Nonyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc.
Chem. Descrip.: Nonyl acid phosphate Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
antistats, foams cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Albrite® N-Octyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Environmental: Nonhazardous
Chem. Descrip.: Octyl acid phosphate NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
antistats, foams Alcan FRF 10 [Alcan]
Albrite® Octylphenyl Acid Phoshate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
Chem. Descrip.: Octylphenyl acid phosphate Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
Uses: Metal extractant for the extraction of uranium from wet phosphoric acid CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
streams; raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus-
antistats, foams tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding
Properties: Semi-solid tan liq.; sol. in kerosene-type org. diluents and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture
Albrite® Oleyl Acid Phosphate [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants
Chem. Descrip.: Oleyl acid phosphate Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Uses: Raw material for mfg. of textile auxs., wetting agents, dispersants, Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 15% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42;
antistats, foams bulk dens. 0.9 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 20 g/100 g; decomp. temp. 200-
Albrite® PA-75 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] 250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.5 (20% w/v slurry);
Chem. Descrip.: 75% Phenyl acid phosphate in butyl alcohol hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc.

24 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Alcan FRF LV4

Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; < 0.01% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr.
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may 2.42; bulk dens. 0.6 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 23 g/100 g; decomp. temp.
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation 200-250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.5 (20% w/v
Environmental: Nonhazardous slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc.
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Alcan FRF 20 [Alcan] cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate Environmental: Nonhazardous
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus- Alcan FRF 80 [Alcan]
tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus-
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 10% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding
bulk dens. 0.8 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 21 g/100 g; decomp. temp. 200- and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture
250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.5 (20% w/v slurry); foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants
hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc. Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; < 0.01% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr.
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may 2.42; bulk dens. 0.6 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 24 g/100 g; decomp. temp.
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation 200-250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 10 (20% w/v
Environmental: Nonhazardous slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc.
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Alcan FRF 30 [Alcan] cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate Environmental: Nonhazardous
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus- Alcan FRF 85 [Alcan]
tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus-
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 0.02% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr. tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding
2.42; bulk dens. 0.7 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 22 g/100 g; decomp. temp. and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture
200-250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.5 (20% w/v foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants
slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc. Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 0.1% max. retained on 45 µm; insol. in water;
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.55 g/cc (untamped); surf. area 6 m2/g; oil absorp.
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation 28 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 10.5 (20% w/v
Environmental: Nonhazardous slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc.
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Alcan FRF 40 [Alcan] cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate Environmental: Nonhazardous
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus- Alcan FRF LV2 [Alcan]
tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber, glass-
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 0.01% on 325 mesh; insol. in water; sp.gr. reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, carpet-
2.42; bulk dens. 0.7 g/cc (untamped); oil absorp. 22 g/100 g; decomp. temp. backing, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe-
200-250 C; flash pt. noncombustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.5 (20% w/v sives, coatings, sealants
slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99% conc. Features: Low-visc.
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 55 µm median particle size; 72% max.
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation retained on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 1 g/cc
Environmental: Nonhazardous (untamped); surf. area 1.2 m2/g; oil absorp. 18 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombus-
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 tible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.3 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; >
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling 99% conc.
Alcan FRF 60 [Alcan] Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Environmental: Nonhazardous
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics and rubber indus- NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
tries, glass-fiber reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior cladding Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
and tiles, cultured onyx, carpetbacking, conveyor belting, cables, furniture Alcan FRF LV4 [Alcan]
foam, PVC and rubber goods, adhesives, coatings, and sealants Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 25


Alcan FRF LV5

CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 tamped); surf. area 2 m2/g; oil absorp. 23 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombustible;
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber, glass- ref. index 1.57; pH 9.8 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > 99%
reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, carpet- conc.
backing, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe- Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
sives, coatings, sealants airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Features: Low-visc. cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Environmental: Nonhazardous
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 40 µm median particle size; 40% max. NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
retained on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.9 g/cc Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
(untamped); surf. area 1.7 m2/g; oil absorp. 19 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombus- Alcan FRF LV8 [Alcan]
tible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.3 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
99% conc. Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber, glass-
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, carpet-
Environmental: Nonhazardous backing, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe-
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 sives, coatings, sealants
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling Features: Low-visc.
Alcan FRF LV5 [Alcan] Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 7 µm median particle size; 0.3% max.
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) retained on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.5 g/cc
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 (untamped); surf. area 2.5 m2/g; oil absorp. 24 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombus-
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber, glass- tible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.8 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; >
reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, carpet- 99% conc.
backing, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe- Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
sives, coatings, sealants airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Features: Low-visc. cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Environmental: Nonhazardous
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 16-20 µm median particle size; 25% max. NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
retained on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.8 g/cc Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
(untamped); surf. area 1.7 m2/g; oil absorp. 20 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombus- Alcan FRF LV9 [Alcan]
tible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.6 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
99% conc. Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%)
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may Uses: Low-visc. flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber,
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation glass-reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, car-
Environmental: Nonhazardous petbacking, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe-
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 sives, coatings, sealants
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling Features: Low-visc.
Alcan FRF LV6 [Alcan] Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 5 µm median particle size; 0.2% max.
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) retained on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.45 g/cc
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 (untamped); surf. area 4.5 m2/g; oil absorp. 25 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombus-
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber, glass- tible; ref. index 1.57; pH 10.2 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5;
reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, carpet- > 99% conc.
backing, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe- Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
sives, coatings, sealants airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
Features: Low-visc. cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Environmental: Nonhazardous
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 13-15 µm median particle size; 5% max. NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
retained on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.75 g/cc Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
(untamped); surf. area 1.8 m2/g; oil absorp. 22 g/100 g; flash pt. noncombus- Alcan H-10 [Alcan]
tible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.6 (20% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; > Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate
99% conc. CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Uses: Chem. intermediate for prod. of low-iron aluminum sulfate, alumina-
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may based catalysts, sodium aluminate and other aluminum salts, coated tita-
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation nium dioxide pigments, ceramic and glass prods., fire-retardant carpetback-
Environmental: Nonhazardous ing; flame retardant for ABS, acrylic, epoxy, nitrile, phenolic, PC, thermoset
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 polyester, PE, PP, PS, PVAc, PVC, PU
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable
Alcan FRF LV7 [Alcan] Properties: Cream-colored free-flowing powd.; 25-35% thru 200 mesh, 3-
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina trihydrate 9% thru 325 mesh; insol. in water; m.w. 156.01; sp.gr. 2.4; bulk dens. 1.12
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.2%) g/cc (loose), 1.36 g/cc (packed); flash pt. noncombustible; > 99% conc.
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable
Uses: Flame retardant/smoke suppressant filler for plastics, rubber, glass- airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may
reinforced plastics, encapsulation resins, exterior claddings/tiles, carpet- cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation
backing, automotive parts, conveyor belting, furniture foam, PVC, adhe- Environmental: Nonhazardous
sives, coatings, sealants NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
Features: Low-visc. Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Alcan Superfine SF 4 E/EF [Alcan]
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; 11 µm median particle size; 5% max. retained Chem. Descrip.: Aluminum trihydrate
on 45 µm screen; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; bulk dens. 0.6 g/cc (un- Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.35%)

26 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Alcogum® L-520

CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Alcodet® 260 [Rhodia HPCII; Costec]


Uses: Flame retardant filler for use in prods. based on rigid phenolic foam, Chem. Descrip.: PEG-6 isolauryl thioether
PVC, PP, PE, elastomeric compds., and nat. rubber for thermoplastic and CAS 9004-83-5
elastomeric cable compds., conveyor belting, flooring compds., thermo- Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, detergent for metal cleaning specialties, steel
plastic moldings, coated fabrics, furniture foams, other PVC and rubber processing, textile scouring, insecticide emulsions, cosmetics, wood pulp/
goods paper industries; carbon soil and grease cleaners
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Properties: Gardner 6 max. liq.; sol. in org. solvs.; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.4 lb/
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; flash pt. noncom- gal; HLB 11.0; surf. tens. 29 dynes/cm (0.05%); 100% conc.; nonionic
bustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9 (5% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; Alcodet® SK [Rhodia HPCII; Costec]
> 99% conc. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-8 isolauryl thioether
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable CAS 9004-83-5
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, detergent for metal cleaning specialties,
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation textile scouring, insecticide emulsions, paints, hair prods., wood and paper
Environmental: Nonhazardous industries; emulsifier for petrol oils, chlorinated solvs., silicones; carbon soil
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 and grease cleaners
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling Properties: Gardner 6 max. liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.03; dens. 8.5 lb/gal;
Alcan Superfine SF 7 E/EF [Alcan] HLB 12.7; cloud pt. 28 C (1% aq.); surf. tens. 31 dynes/cm (0.05%);
Chem. Descrip.: Aluminum trihydrate 100% conc.; nonionic
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.35%) Alcogum® 1370 [Alco]
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate gum
Uses: Flame retardant filler for use in prods. based on rigid phenolic foam, CAS 9003-04-7
PVC, PP, PE, elastomeric compds., and nat. rubber, for thermoplastic and Uses: Thickener for waterborne compds. incl. S/B, acrylonitrile, neoprene,
elastomeric cable compds., conveyor belting, flooring compds., thermo- acrylic latex, EVA copolymers for use in carpet backing, latex foams,
plastic moldings, coated fabrics, furniture foams, other PVC and rubber adhesives, emulsions, textile coatings, nonwovens, and disps.
goods Properties: Visc. 40,000 ± 10,000 cps; pH 10 ± 1; 13.5-15.8% total solids
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Alcogum® ARM II [Alco]
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; flash pt. noncom- Uses: Textile thickener
bustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 9.5 (5% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; Features: Pre-neutralized; low VOCs; no methanol
> 99% conc. Alcogum® L-11 [Alco]
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic copolymer emulsion contg. acid
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may CAS 25133-97-5
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation Uses: Thickener for NR, SR latexes, textiles
Environmental: Nonhazardous Features: In-situ type; functional acid thickens when neutralized; alkali-
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 swellable
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling Properties: Milky wh. liq.; sp.gr. 1.05; visc. 14 cps; pH 2.6; 28% total
Alcan Superfine SF 11E [Alcan] solids; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Aluminum trihydrate Alcogum® L-12 [Alco]
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (65.1%), water (34.5%), Na2O (0.35%) Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic copolymer emulsion contg. acid
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 CAS 25133-97-5
Uses: Flame retardant filler for use in prods. based on rigid phenolic foam, Uses: Thickener for syn. latexes, syn. latex compds., syn. latex coatings,
PVC, PP, PE, elastomeric compds., and nat. rubber, for thermoplastic and textiles
elastomeric cable compds., conveyor belting, flooring compds., thermo- Features: In-situ type; alkali-swellable
plastic moldings, coated fabrics, furniture foams, other PVC and rubber Properties: Milky wh. liq.; visc. 20 cps; pH 2.0-3.5; 28% total solids
goods Alcogum® L-15 [Alco]
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylic acid
Properties: Wh. cryst. powd.; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.42; flash pt. noncom- CAS 9003-01-4
bustible; ref. index 1.57; pH 10 (5% w/v slurry); hardness (Mohs) 2.5-3.5; Uses: Thickener for adhesives, paints, paper coatings, natural and syn.
> 99% conc. latexes, textiles
Toxicology: ACGIH 10 mg/m3 (total airborne particulate), 5 mg/m3 (respirable Features: Alkali-swellable
airborne particulate); inh. of high concs. of inert nuisance particulates may Regulatory: FDA approved
cause mild irritation of respiratory tract; may cause skin/eye irritation Properties: Milky wh. liq.; sp.gr. 1.05; visc. 15 cps; pH 3.0; 30% solids;
Environmental: Nonhazardous anionic
NFPA: Health 0; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Alcogum® L-52 [Alco]
Storage: Avoid generating dust during handling Chem. Descrip.: Reactive acidic latex emulsion
Alcoa® C-30 Bayer Hydrate [Alcoa] CAS 31550-14-8
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrated alumina Uses: Thickener for syn. latexes, latex compds., latex coatings
CAS 21645-51-2; EINECS/ELINCS 244-492-7 Features: Stable emulsion; neutralized in-situ to form clear, visc. sol’n.
Uses: Chem. intermediate in prod. of aluminum chems., e.g., alum, zeolites, Properties: Wh. liq.; water visc. 47,000-65,000 cps (2.5%, 10 rpm); pH 2.2-
aluminum chlorohydrates, sodium aluminate, anhyd. aluminum fluoride, 3.5; 30 ± 1% total solids; anionic
aluminum phosphate, alumina-based catalysts, etc.; fire retardant and smoke Precaution: Contains low level of formaldehyde; avoid contact with mild steel
suppressant in carpetbacking, rubber and polymer systems (thermosets, Alcogum® L-511 [Alco]
thermoplastics, elastomers); mfg. of crystal, glass, refractories, in vitreous Chem. Descrip.: Acid-swellable emulsion
enamel, frits, glazes Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent in adhesives, coatings, I&I and
Alcodet® 218 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France; Costec] consumer detergents, paints, textiles, industrial, surfactant, and oil field applics.
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-10 isolauryl thioether Features: Efficient thickening over broad acidic pH range (1-6); compat. with
CAS 9004-83-5 cationic surfactants
Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, detergent for metal cleaning specialties, steel Properties: Emulsion
processing, textile scouring, insecticide emulsions, cosmetics, wood pulp/ Alcogum® L-520 [Alco]
paper industries; carbon soil and grease cleaners Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophobically modified acid-swellable emulsion
Properties: Gardner 6 max. liq.; sol. in water and alkaline detergent builders; Uses: Thickener, rheology control agent in adhesives, coatings, I&I and
sp.gr. 1.05; dens. 8.6 lb/gal; HLB 13.9; cloud pt. 52 C (1% aq.); surf. tens. consumer detergents, paints, textiles, industrial, surfactant, and oil field applics.
28 dynes/cm (0.05%); 95% act.; nonionic Features: Low visc. liq. emulsion; efficient thickening over broad acidic pH

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 27


Alcogum® SL-70

range (1-6); compat. with cationic surfactants; synergistic with salts and Properties: Anionic
surfactants Alcoprint® PTU [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles]
Properties: Milky wh. emulsion; visc. < 250 cps; pH 8-9; 21 ± 1% total Uses: Thickener for pigment printing
solids Features: Does not require addition of ammonia; highly effective; ideal for
Storage: 6 mos shelf life; not freeze-thaw stable; do not store below 40 F; adding directly to the print formulation, thus eliminating the intermediate stage
storage below 40 F will result in higher as is visc., but does not affect of stock prep.
thickening efficiency; avoid contact with carbon steel Properties: Anionic
Alcogum® SL-70 [Alco] Alcoprint® RTA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles]
Chem. Descrip.: Hydropobically modified alkali-swellable emulsion (acrylic Uses: Thickener for printing dyestuffs, esp. reactive printing but also useful
associative polymer) with disperse, disperse/reactive, vat, and acid dyes
Uses: Thickener for latex and water-based systems, resin emulsions, o/w Features: Very cost effective replacement for sodium alginate
emulsions, textiles, and dye concs. Properties: Anionic
Properties: Milky wh. emulsion; visc. 30 cps; pH 2.5-4.0; 30% total solids Alcoprint® RT-BC [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles]
Alcogum® VEP-II [Alco] Uses: Thickener for reactive dye printing
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate Features: Gives better color yield, definition, and levelness than natural
CAS 9003-04-7 thickeners
Uses: Thickener for styrene, vinyl, Neoprene, acrylic, vinyl acetate, EVA Properties: Anionic
latex compds., alkaline latexes, textiles Alcoquest® 175 [Alco]
Features: Pre-neutralized Chem. Descrip.: Specialty copolymer
Properties: Amber; visc. 9000 cps; pH 9; 14% total solids Uses: Process aid, antiredeposition agent for textiles
Alcolec® 439-C [Am. Lecithin] Features: Rec. for use in stressed water conditions
Chem. Descrip.: Lecithin Alcoquest® 240 [Alco]
CAS 8002-43-5; EINECS/ELINCS 232-307-2 Chem. Descrip.: Copolymer of acrylic acid and sulfonated monomer, aq.
Uses: Wetting agent, emulsifier, release agent for water-based paints, coat- sol’n.
ings, textiles; pigment dispersant; foam suppressant; emulsifier in textile Uses: Sequestrant for calcium and phosphate, dispersant for iron for textiles
sizings Features: Compat. with anionic and nonionic surfactants
Features: Improves covering power Alcoquest® 371 [Alco]
Use Level: 0.5-2.0% (paints); 0.3-0.5% (sizings) Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate copolymer
Properties: Amber liq.; bland odor; sol. in fat solvs. except acetone; water- CAS 9003-04-7
disp.; sp.gr. 1.03; visc. 7000 cps; acid no. 30 max.; 100% act.; nonionic Uses: Lubricant, dye migration inhibitor, film-former for textiles
Storage: 1 yr shelf life in original unopened containers at 60-90 F Alcoquest® 404 [Alco]
Alcoprint® H-AFT [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylic acid sol’n.
Uses: Thickener for pigment printing designed to print any fabric CAS 9003-01-4
Features: Fully neutralized; produces smooth appearance with exc. defini- Uses: Suspending agent, stabilizer, thickener for textiles
tion; esp. rec. where variety of different fabrics are printed, with some being Alcoquest® 406 [Alco]
difficult fabrics; works without added emulsifiers and antiwicks Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylic acid
Properties: Anionic CAS 9003-01-4
Alcoprint® H-PS71 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Uses: Suspending agent, stabilizer, thickener for textiles
Uses: Softener, plasticizer for improving the hand of pigment prints Alcoquest® 408 [Alco]
Features: No detrimental effects on fastness props. at normal applic. levels, Chem. Descrip.: Sodium anionic terpolymer
and improves fastness in some cases Uses: Encrustation aid, sequestrant, process aid for textiles
Alcoprint® H-PSC [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Features: Rec. in stressed water conditions
Uses: Print aux. for improving wet crockfastness props. of pigment prints, Alcoquest® 602N [Alco]
resiliency and flexibility of print, abrasion resist.; softener for hand Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate
Features: No detrimental effects on washfastness CAS 9003-04-7
Alcoprint® PBA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Uses: Dispersant, sequestrant, antiredeposition agent, process aid for textiles
Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic polymer disp. Features: General purpose
Uses: Binder for Alcoprint® P system for pigment printing Alcosperse® 149 [Alco]
Features: Compat. with all thickeners, catalysts, and other chems. used in Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate
pigment printing pastes CAS 9003-04-7
Properties: Anionic Uses: General purpose min. dispersant, sequestrant, antiredeposition agent
Alcoprint® PT-21 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] used in pigments, paints, coatings, mining, pigment slurries, adhesives,
Uses: Thickener for pigment printing designed to be esp. effective for reducing textiles, and water softeners; pigment dispersant, stabilizer in NR and SR
the flushing on pre-resinated goods; may be used alone or as a rheology latexes; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, paper/paperboard
modifier to improve performance of other thickeners Features: Low foaming; high efficiency
Features: Nonflushing; extremely electrolyte stable Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.320, 176.170, 176.180
Properties: Anionic Properties: Dry and liq. forms; m.w. 2500; pH 8; 40% solids; anionic
Alcoprint® PTF [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Toxicology: Very low toxicity
Uses: Thickener for pigment printing Alcosperse® 175 [Alco]
Features: Requires sm. addition of ammonia to rapidly produce a smooth print Chem. Descrip.: Specialty copolymer
paste with exc. color yield; highly efficient Uses: Process aid, antiredeposition agent for detergents (powd. laundry, liq.
Properties: Anionic laundry, auto dish liq. and powds.), textile scours, rinse aids, and water
Alcoprint® PTP [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] softeners
Uses: Thickener for pigment printing Features: Rec. in stressed water conditions
Features: Requires addition of ammonia to rapidly produce a smooth print Properties: Dry and liq. forms; water-sol.; m.w. 20,000
paste; highly efficient Alcosperse® 177 [Alco]
Properties: Anionic Chem. Descrip.: Copolymer
Alcoprint® PT-RV [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Uses: Process aid, sequestrant, antiredeposition agent for pigments in paints,
Uses: Thickener for pigment printing mining, and adhesives, textile scours, and detergents (powd. and liq. laun-
Features: Highly efficient; developed for U.S. market; exc. electrolyte toler- dry, powd. and liq. auto dish)
ance; addition of ammonia required; completely eliminates need for antiwick Features: Rec. in stressed water conditions
even when printing prefinished goods Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; m.w. 5000; pH 5; 42% solids; anionic

28 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Alfol® 20+

Toxicology: Very low toxicity Chem. Descrip.: Syn. wax


Alcosperse® 240 [Alco] CAS 8002-74-2; EINECS/ELINCS 232-315-6
Chem. Descrip.: Copolymer of acrylic acid and sulfonated monomer Uses: Sizing agent for filament sizes to prevent blocking and reduce deposits,
Uses: Calcium phosphate inhibitor, zinc stabilizer, iron inhibitor, dispersant for for use on acetate, polyamide, and polyester
detergents (auto dish, hard surf.), textiles (scours, dye baths) Properties: Wh. to cream liq.; 100% act.; anionic/nonionic
Properties: Solid and liq.; water-sol.; m.w. 10,000; anionic Aldo® MLD KFG [Lonza]
Alcosperse® 325 [Alco] Chem. Descrip.: Glyceryl monolaurate, dispersible
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate CAS 142-18-7; EINECS/ELINCS 205-526-6
CAS 9003-04-7 Uses: Emulsifier for food, cosmetics, personal care, textiles, and plastics
Uses: Stabilizer for conc. surfactant systems, liq. laundry detergents, textile Regulatory: Kosher certified
scours Properties: Soft solid; HLB 6; acid no. 5; nonionic
Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; m.w. 4000; anionic Aldo® MO KFG [Lonza]
Alcosperse® 404 [Alco] Chem. Descrip.: Glyceryl monooleate
Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylic acid aq. sol’n. CAS 25496-72-4; EINECS/ELINCS 203-827-7
CAS 9003-01-4 Uses: Emulsifier for food, cosmetics, personal care, textiles, and plastics
Uses: Dispersant, suspending agent, stabilizer, thickener for hard. surf. deter- Regulatory: Kosher certified
gents, textile scours and rinse aids, pigment slurries, paper coatings, paints, Properties: Liq.; HLB 3; acid no. 2; sapon. no. 171; nonionic
mining, and ceramic applics.; dispersant for NR and SR latexes Aldo® MS KFG [Lonza]
Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; m.w. 250,000; visc. 270 cps; 25% act.; anionic Chem. Descrip.: Glyceryl monostearate
Alcosperse® 406 [Alco] CAS 123-94-4
Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylic acid Uses: Emulsifier for food, cosmetics, personal care, textiles, and plastics
CAS 9003-01-4 Regulatory: Kosher certified
Uses: Suspending agent, stabilizer, thickener for detergents (hard surface), Properties: Beads; HLB 4; acid no. 3; sapon. no. 163; nonionic
textiles (scours, rinse aids), pigments (pigment slurries) Aldosperse® ML-23 [Lonza]
Properties: Liq.;water-sol.; m.w. 500,000; anionic Chem. Descrip.: PEG-23 glyceryl laurate
Alcosperse® 408 [Alco] CAS 37324-85-9
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium terpolymer Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, suspending agent, dispersant for cosmetics (hair
Uses: Encrustation aid, sequestrant, process aid for detergents (powd. laun- and skin care prods.), textiles (syn. fiber finish oil formulations), household
dry, liq. laundry, hard surf., auto dish liq., auto dish powd., auto dish rinse), waxes, polishes, cleaners
textiles (scours, rinse aids, dye baths, water softeners), pigments (mining, Properties: Yel. clear liq.; sol. in ethanol, veg. oil; sp.gr. 1.09; visc. 250 cst;
pigment slurries) HLB 17; acid no. 3 max.; iodine no. < 2; sapon. no. 42-50; hyd. no. 82-97;
Features: Rec. in stressed water conditions pH 5 (5%); nonionic
Properties: Liq. and dry form; water-sol.; m.w. 2700; anionic Aldosperse® MS-20 [Lonza]
Alcosperse® 602-N [Alco] Chem. Descrip.: PEG-20 glyceryl stearate
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium polyacrylate CAS 51158-08-8
CAS 9003-04-7 Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, dispersant for personal care prods., food, textiles
Uses: Dispersant, sequestrant, antiredeposition agent, process aid for powd. Properties: Wh. soft solid; sol. in ethanol; disp. in water; HLB 13 ± 1; m.p.
or liq. laundry, hard surf., auto dish liqs. and powd. detergents, pigments, 32-38 C; acid no. 2; sapon. no. 65-75; hyd. no. 73; nonionic
high solids slurries, paper coatings, paints, textile scours, rinses, dye baths, Alfol® 6 [Condea Vista]
water softeners, mining, ceramics Chem. Descrip.: Hexyl alcohol
Properties: Dry, liq., and acid; water-sol.; anionic CAS 111-27-3; EINECS/ELINCS 203-852-3
Alcosperse® AD [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Uses: Intermediate for plasticizers, lubricating oils, biodeg. surfactants in
Chem. Descrip.: Polymeric household and industrial cleaning, bactericidal agents, fabric softeners, foam
Uses: Dispersant, protective colloid, chelating agent for Ca and Mg for caustic depressants, polymerization modifiers, rubber chems., plastics antioxidants,
scouring, peroxide bleaching, improving sol. of sodium silicate slurries, min. processing and oil field chems.
leveling for direct and reactive dyes, dispersing cotton linters, and washing Properties: Colorless liq.; m.w. 102; sp.gr. 0.8232 (60/60 F); visc. 5.5 cSt
off reactives; dispersant for solids in pigment print pastes; antigellant for (70 F); m.p. -49 F; b.p. 313-316 F; iodine no. 0.05; sapon. no. < 0.04; hyd.
pigment blks. no. 545; flash pt. (PM) 130 F; 99.4% act.
Features: Protects against Mg and Ca salt deposits; exc. stability to acid, Precaution: Flamm.
alkalis, electrolytes Alfol® 8 [Condea Vista]
Properties: Anionic Chem. Descrip.: Caprylic alcohol
Alcostat® TAA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] CAS 111-87-5; EINECS/ELINCS 203-917-6
Uses: Antistat, dispersant for filament sizes on polyester or nylon Uses: Wetting agent; emulsifier; intermediate for plasticizers, lubricating oils,
Features: Improves compat. of size and any spin finish on the yarn biodeg. surfactants in household and industrial cleaning, bactericidal agents,
Properties: Liq.; anionic fabric softeners, foam depressants, polymerization modifiers, rubber chems.,
Alcowax® OG [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] plastics antioxidants, min. processing and oil field chems.
Chem. Descrip.: Self-emulsifying syn. wax Properties: Colorless liq.; mild aromatic odor; sp.gr. 0.8293 (60/60 F); visc.
CAS 8002-74-2; EINECS/ELINCS 232-315-6 10.5 cSt (70 F); m.p. 1-3 F; b.p. 381-385 F; iodine no. 0.03; sapon. no. <
Uses: Sizing agent for size baths or afterwaxing for filament and spun yarns 0.04; hyd. no. 430; flash pt. (PM) 180 F; 99.9% act.
made of acetate, glass, polyamide, polyester, or viscose Precaution: Combustible
Features: Improves running of the sizing machine and increases weaving Alfol® 10 [Condea Vista]
performance; readily removed in desizing Chem. Descrip.: Decyl alcohol
Properties: Wh. to cream flakes; 100% act.; nonionic CAS 112-30-1; EINECS/ELINCS 203-956-9
Alcowax® SB [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Uses: Emulsifier; intermediate for plasticizers, lubricating oils, biodeg. surfac-
Chem. Descrip.: Self-emulsifying paraffin wax tants in household and industrial cleaning, bactericidal agents, fabric soften-
CAS 8002-74-2; EINECS/ELINCS 232-315-6 ers, foam depressants, polymerization modifiers, rubber chems., plastics
Uses: Sizing agent for size baths or afterwaxing for filament and spun yarns antioxidants, min. processing and oil field chems.
made of acetate, glass, polyamide, polyester, or viscose Properties: Colorless liq., wh. waxy solid; sweet, fat-like odor; sol. in
Features: Improves running of the sizing machine and increases weaving alcohol, ether, benzene, glacial acetic acid; water-insol.; sp.gr. 0.8335 (60/
performance; readily removed in desizing 60 F); m.p. 43-45 F; b.p. 448-453 F; iodine no. 0.05; sapon. no. < 0.04; hyd.
Properties: Wh. to cream pellets; 100% act.; nonionic no. 351; flash pt. (PM) 235 F; 99.8% act.
Alcowax® TWA [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Alfol® 20+ [Condea Vista]

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 29


Alfonic® 1012-5.5

Chem. Descrip.: Blend of C20 and higher even-carbon-number primary CAS 8001-54-5
linear alcohols Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing
Uses: Lubricant for plastics, textiles, and metals; defoamer for paper, aq. agent; water repellent; hair conditioner
slurries; water evaporation control agent; intermediate for emulsifiers, biodeg. Properties: Visc. 1450 cps (20 C); pH 6.5-7.5; 78-82% act.; cationic
surfactants, plastic lubricants, syn. waxes and binders Algene SC25 [Huntsman]
Regulatory: FDA approved Chem. Descrip.: Stearyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride
Properties: Off-wh. solid; sol. in alcohol, acetone, ether; water-insol.; m.w. CAS 122-19-0; EINECS/ELINCS 204-527-9
431; sp.gr. 0.817 (140/140 F); dens. 6.80; m.p. 113-129 F; b.p. > 650 F; Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing
iodine no. 8.7; sapon. no. 5.7; hyd. no. 157; flash pt. (PM) 390 F; 88.5% agent; water repellent; hair conditioner
act. Properties: Visc. 12,000 cps (20 C); pH 3.5-4.5; 16-18% act.; cationic
Alfonic® 1012-5.5 [Condea Vista] Algene SCJ [Huntsman]
Chem. Descrip.: C10-12 pareth-5.6 Chem. Descrip.: Formulated prod.
CAS 66455-15-0 Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, detergent for household cleaners, heavy agent; water repellent; hair conditioner
duty cleaners, laundry detergents, textile/leather processing, pulp/paper Properties: Visc. 20 cps (20 C); pH 7-10; 15-15.5% act.; cationic
processing, metal cleaners, carwash, agric. sprays, circuit board cleaners Algene WF [Huntsman]
Properties: APHA 5 clear liq.; sol. in polar solvs. e.g., water, ethanol, IPA, Chem. Descrip.: Oleyl bis (2-hydroxyethyl) methyl ammonium chloride
glycol ethers; m.w. 410; sp.gr. 0.972; visc. 21 cSt (100 F); m.p. 37-40 F; Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing
HLB 12; hyd. no. 145; pour pt. 39 F; cloud pt. 99 F (1% aq.); flash pt. (PM) agent; water repellent; hair conditioner
290 F; pH 7.0 (1% aq.); nonionic Properties: 70-75% act.; cationic
Environmental: Biodeg. Alkaflo® 418 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Storage: Nitrogen blanketing during storage and transfer is rec. Chem. Descrip.: Alkali
Alfonic® 1412-7 [Condea Vista] Uses: Alkaline agent for fiber reactive dyeing of cellulosic fibers for use in
Chem. Descrip.: C14-12 pareth-7 plants with very soft water or water very rich in carbonates
CAS 68439-50-9 Features: Reduces dyestuff hydrolysis; improved color yield; cleaner, brighter
Uses: Dispersant, detergent, wetting agent, emulsifier, foaming agent, surfac- shades; convenient liq. form
tant for detergents; emulsifier for textiles Properties: Colorless clear liq.; odorless; dissolves in cold water; sp.gr.
Features: Soil carrying and homogenizing ability 1.450; pH 12.3 (1% aq.)
Properties: APHA 20 clear liq.; sol. in polar solvs., e.g., water, ethanol, IPA, Toxicology: May cause eye or skin irritation on direct contact; avoid ing. and
glycol ethers; m.w. 513; sp.gr. 0.977; visc. 35 cSt (100 F); m.p. 66-77 F; prolonged inh. of vapors
HLB 12; hyd. no. 109; pour pt. 66 F; cloud pt. 126 F (1% aq.); flash pt. (PM) Storage: Store above 10 C; if exposed to temps. below 10 C for long periods,
330 F; pH 6.8 (1% aq.); 100% act.; nonionic prod. may form crystals; warm to 15-20 C and stir until crystals dissolve
Environmental: Biodeg. Alkaflo® EXCEL [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Alfonic® 1412-9 [Condea Vista] Chem. Descrip.: Alkali
Chem. Descrip.: C14-12 pareth-9 Uses: Alkaline agent for all fiber reactive dye classes
CAS 68439-50-9 Features: Reduces dyestuff hydrolysis; cleaner, brighter shades; phosphate-
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, cleaner for household cleaning prods., free; convenient liq. form; dyeing chars. similar to those of soda ash; patent
heavy-duty liq. and powd. laundry detergents, all-purpose cleaners, indus- # 5,840,084
trial applics. for textile and leather processing, pulp/paper processing, metal Properties: Water-wh. liq.; mild odor; dissolves clear at 1:10 dil. in water;
cleaners, car wash, agric. sprays, circuit board cleaners; dispersant; wet- sp.gr. 1.50 (80 F); dens. 12.5 lb/gal; pH 12-13 (on dil.)
ting agent Toxicology: Corrosive; avoid contact with eyes, skin, clothing; avoid ing. and
Features: Soil carrying and homogenizing ability prolonged inh. of vapors
Properties: APHA 30 max. solid; sol. in polar solvs., e.g., water, ethanol, Storage: If exposed to temps. below 0 C for long periods, prod. may freeze;
IPA, glycol ethers; m.w. 601; sp.gr. 0.995 (122/122 F); visc. 43.1 cSt (100 allow to thaw at R.T. and mix well until uniform
F); m.p. 68-77 F; HLB 13.2; hyd. no. 94; pour pt. 72 F; cloud pt. 175 F (1% Alkaflo® KDY [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
aq.); flash pt. (PM) > 450 F; pH 7; 100% act.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Alkali
Algene CC30 [Huntsman] Uses: Alkaline agent to maximize color yield for various classes of fiber
Chem. Descrip.: Cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride reactive dyes in exhaust applics.
CAS 112-02-7; EINECS/ELINCS 203-928-6 Features: Reduces dyestuff hydrolysis; cleaner, brighter shades; phosphate-
Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing free; convenient liq. form
agent; water repellent; hair conditioner Properties: Water-wh. to pale yel. clear sl. visc. liq.; odorless; dissolves in
Properties: pH 5-7; 29-31% act.; cationic cold water; sp.gr. 1.32; pH 13 (1%)
Algene CL [Huntsman] Toxicology: May cause eye or skin irritation on direct contact; avoid ing. and
Chem. Descrip.: Lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride prolonged inh. of vapors
CAS 139-07-1; EINECS/ELINCS 205-351-5 Storage: If exposed to temps. below 0 C for long periods, prod. may freeze;
Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing allow to thaw at R.T. and mix well until uniform
agent; water repellent; hair conditioner Alkaflo® LSA [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Properties: Visc. 80-90 cps (20 C); pH 6.3-7.5; 48-52% act.; cationic Chem. Descrip.: Alkali
Algene CL80 [Huntsman] Uses: Alkaline agent for fiber reactive dyeing
Chem. Descrip.: Lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride Features: Reduces dyestuff hydrolysis; cleaner, brighter shades; convenient
CAS 139-07-1; EINECS/ELINCS 205-351-5 liq. form; phosphate-free; dye chars. similar to those of soda ash
Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing Properties: Water-wh. clear to sl. hazy liq.; mild/bland odor; dissolves in cold
agent; water repellent; hair conditioner water; sp.gr. 1.40-1.50; pH 12.4-13.4 (5%)
Properties: Visc. 1300 cps (20 C); pH 6.5-7.3; 79-81% act.; cationic Toxicology: Corrosive; avoid contact with eyes, skin, clothing; avoid ing. and
Algene N40 [Huntsman] prolonged inh. of vapors
Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl trimethyl ammonium chloride Storage: If exposed to temps. below 0 C for long periods, prod. may freeze;
CAS 68391-03-7; EINECS/ELINCS 269-922-0 allow to thaw at R.T. and mix well until uniform
Uses: Industrial disinfectant; sanitizer; antistat; fabric softener; dye fixing Alkaflo® PFP [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
agent; water repellent; hair conditioner Chem. Descrip.: Alkali
Properties: Visc. 45-50 cps (20 C); pH 6.5-7.5; 38-42% act.; cationic Uses: Alkaline agent for fiber reactive dyeing
Algene NS [Huntsman] Features: Reduces dyestuff hydrolysis; cleaner, brighter shades; convenient
Chem. Descrip.: Fatty alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride liq. form

30 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Alkamuls® PSMS-20

Properties: Near water-wh. thin clear liq.; mild odor; dissolves in cold water; ments; emulsifier for vitamins and drugs; indirect food additive; food pkg.
sp.gr. 1.48; pH 12.5 (1%) adhesives, paper/paperboard
Toxicology: Corrosive; avoid contact with eyes, skin, clothing; avoid ing. and Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180, 176.210, 178.3120;
prolonged inh. of vapors exempt from tolerance under EPA 40CFR §180.1001(c)(e)
Storage: If exposed to temps. below 0 C for long periods, prod. may freeze; Properties: Yel. clear liq., oily odor; sol. in water, acetone, CCl4, alcohols,
allow to thaw at R.T. and mix well until uniform veg. oil, ether, toluene, xylene; sp.gr. 1.06-1.07; dens. 8.9-9.0 lb/gal; visc.
Alkali RR [Star-Tec] 500-800 cps; HLB 13.6; cloud pt. 80 C (1% aq.); flash pt. 275-279 C; surf.
Uses: Alkali, bleaching aid for applic. of reactive dyes tens. 38 dynes/cm (0.1%); 96% min. act.; nonionic
Features: Phosphate-free Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 70 g/kg; low oral toxicity; not primary skin or eye
Alkali Builder PMC [Manufacturers Chems.] irritants
Uses: Alkali, pH control agent for dyeing cotton with fiber reactive dyes Alkamuls® EL-980 [Rhodia HPCII]
Features: Cost-effective replacement for trisodium phosphate, caustic soda, Chem. Descrip.: PEG-200 castor oil
and soda ash CAS 61791-12-6
Properties: Colorless clear liq.; mild odor; sp.gr. 1.25-1.30; visc. < 100 cps; Uses: Emulsifier for min. oil, triglycerides, alkyl esters; textile antistat, syn.
pH 11.5-12.5 (1%); 28-30% solids fiber lubricant, dyeing assistant; metalworking surfactant
Storage: 6 mos storage stability at ambient temps.; protect from freezing Properties: Sol. in water; dens. 8.30 lb/gal; HLB 18.5; pour pt. 50 C; flash pt.
Alkalube T-302 [Boehme Filatex Canada] > 200 C; 100% act.; nonionic
Uses: Lubricant for spinning of dyed and undyed wool and syn. fibers and Alkamuls® EL-985 [Rhodia HPCII; Costec]
their blends; finish for processing wool and polyester during backwashing Chem. Descrip.: PEG-200 castor oil
Alkamuls® 400-DO [Rhodia HPCII] CAS 61791-12-6
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-8 dioleate Uses: Emulsifier, antistat, syn. fiber lubricant for textile compounding, met-
CAS 9005-07-6 alworking fluids
Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, lubricant, wetting agent for cosmetics, textiles, Properties: VSC 4 max. visc. liq.; water-sol.; dens. 8.30 lb/gal; flash pt. >
metalworking, and agric. 200 C; 50% act.; nonionic
Properties: Clear, amber liq.; sol. in min. spirits and oil, aromatic solv, Alkamuls® GMS/C [Rhodia HPCII; Costec]
perchloroethylene; water-disp.; sp.gr. 0.97-0.99; dens. 8.163 lb/gal; HLB Chem. Descrip.: Glyceryl stearate
7.2; sapon. no. 105-115; 100% act.; nonionic CAS 31566-31-1
Alkamuls® B [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent for cosmetics, agric., textiles; coupling agent
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-33 castor oil for binding waxes; emollient, opacifier, humectant, emulsion stabilizer, and
CAS 61791-12-6 thickener for cosmetics; internal antistat for PE, PP, PS, flexible and rigid
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant for textiles, metallurgy, metal degreasing, per- PVC, BMC, SMC, epoxy, phenolic
sonal care prods.; dye leveling agent; fabric softener Use Level: 0.25-3.0% (plastics antistat)
Properties: Liq.; HLB 11.5; 96% conc.; nonionic Regulatory: FDA approved
Alkamuls® BR [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Properties: Flake; water-disp.; m.p. 58-63 C; HLB 3.4; 100% conc.; non-
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-33 castor oil ionic
CAS 61791-12-6 Alkamuls® O-14 [Rhodia HPCII]
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant for textiles, metallurgy, metal degreasing, per- Chem. Descrip.: PEG-14 oleate
sonal care prods.; dye leveling agent; fabric softener CAS 9004-96-0
Properties: Visc. liq.; 96% conc.; nonionic Uses: Coemulsifier for industrial applics.; dye dispersant; textile finishing
Alkamuls® CO-15 [Rhodia Canada] agent; emulsifier for defoamers, cosmetics, pesticides, neatsfoot oil in leather
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-15 castor oil fat liquors; lubricant; softener; defoamer and leveling agent in latex paints;
CAS 61791-12-6 dye leveling agent
Uses: Emulsifier; dispersant; detergent; wetting agent; defoamer; antistat; Features: Wide solubility, good lubricity and detergency
emollient; lubricant for syn. fibers; leveling agent and dispersant for vat and Properties: Yel. liq.; sol. in water, aromatic solvs., perchloroethylene; dens.
naphthol dyes; coemulsifier for herbicides, metalworking, hydraulic fluids, 1.04 g/ml; HLB 13.0; sapon. no. 57-67; 100% conc.; nonionic
rayon delustrants, paints Alkamuls® PSML-20 [Rhodia HPCII]
Properties: Clear liq.; disp. in water; sl. sol. in aromatics and aliphatics; insol. Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 20
in min. oil; dens. 1.02 g/ml (20 C); HLB 8.6; sapon. no. 104-109; pH 7-8 CAS 9005-64-5
(5% in DW); 100% conc.; nonionic Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat, visc. modifier, lubricant for textiles,
Alkamuls® CO-40 [Rhodia Canada] cosmetics, pharmaceuticals; antistat for rigid PVC
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 castor oil Regulatory: FDA approved as indirect additive
CAS 61791-12-6 Properties: Yel. liq.; sol. in water, aromatic solv.; dens. 1.1 g/ml; HLB 16.7;
Uses: Emulsifier for oils and waxes; coemulsifier for dye carriers in textiles; sapon. no. 40-50; 97% act.; nonionic
lubricant in fat liquoring baths for leather processing; primary fiber lubricant for Alkamuls® PSMO-5 [Rhodia HPCII]
nylon and polyester; emulsifier for vitamins and pharmaceuticals Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 81
Features: Low foaming CAS 9005-65-6
Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; HLB 13.0; 100% conc.; nonionic Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat, lubricant, emollient for paints, food,
Alkamuls® EL-620L [Rhodia HPCII] cosmetics, insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, textiles, cutting oils
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-30 castor oil Properties: Yel. clear visc. liq.; sol. in aromatic solvs.; disp. in water, min. oil,
CAS 61791-12-6 aliphatic solvs.; sp.gr. 1.0 g/ml; dens. 8.330 lb/gal; HLB 10; acid no. 2;
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, softener, rewetting agent, lubricant, emulsion sapon. no. 96-104; hyd. no.134-150; flash pt. > 300 C; 100% act.; nonionic
stabilizer, dyeing assistant, antistat, solubilizer for textiles, wet-str. papers, Toxicology: Low toxicity
fat liquoring, emulsion paints, oleoresinous binders, glass-reinforced plas- Alkamuls® PSMS-4 [Rhodia HPCII]
tics, PU foams, perfumes, cosmetics Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 61
Features: Low dioxane CAS 9005-67-8
Regulatory: EPA compliance Uses: Emulsifier; fiber-to-metal lubricant for fibers and yarns; in pharmaceu-
Properties: Liq.; HLB 12.0; 10% act.; nonionic tical suppositories
Alkamuls® EL-719 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France; Costec] Properties: Tan solid; typ. odor; water-disp.; dens. 1.1 g/ml; HLB 9.6; sapon.
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 castor oil no. 98-113; 97% act.; nonionic
CAS 61791-12-6 Alkamuls® PSMS-20 [Rhodia HPCII]
Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent for industrial/household cleaners, pesticides, Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 60
paper, leather, plastics, paints, textiles, and cosmetics; dispersant for pig- CAS 9005-67-8

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 31


Alkamuls® PSTO-20

Uses: Wetting agent, emulsifier for cosmetics, food, textiles, paper coatings; Alkamuls® SMO [Rhodia HPCII]
fiber-to-metal lubricant for fibers and yarns Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan oleate
Properties: Yel. visc. liq., gel on standing; typ. odor; water disp.; dens. 1.1 CAS 1338-43-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-665-4
g/ml; HLB 14.9; sapon. no. 45-55; 97% act.; nonionic Uses: Emulsifier, coupling agent, wetting agent for medicaments, petrol. oils,
Alkamuls® PSTO-20 [Rhodia Canada] fats, and waxes in industrial, textiles, metalworking, and cosmetics indus-
Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 85 tries; textile and leather lubricant and softener; corrosion inhibitor
CAS 9005-70-3 Properties: Amber liq.; sol. in most veg., min. oils, aromatic solv., perchloro-
Uses: Emulsifier for cosmetics, food; textile and leather lubricant ethylene; insol. in water; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.330 lb/gal; HLB 4.3; sapon. no.
Properties: Amber liq.; typ. odor; water disp.; dens. 1.0 g/ml; HLB 11; sapon. 145-160; hyd. no. 193-210; flash pt. > 200 C; 100% act.; nonionic
no. 80-95; 97% act.; nonionic Alkamuls® SMS [Rhodia HPCII]
Alkamuls® R81 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan stearate
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-18 castor oil CAS 1338-41-6; EINECS/ELINCS 215-664-9
CAS 61791-12-6 Uses: Emulsifier and coupling agent used to prepare silicone defoamer emul-
Uses: Softener, antistat for textile finishing, plastics processing sions for industrial applics., paraffin wax emulsions for processing paper
Properties: Liq.; 99% conc.; nonionic coatings; textile process lubricant; internal PVC film lubricant; cosmetics;
Alkamuls® S-6 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] food
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-6 stearate Properties: Cream flakes; sol. (10%) in aromatic solv., perchloroethylene;
CAS 9004-99-3 dens. 1.0 g/ml; HLB 4.7; sapon. no 147-157; hyd. no. 235-260; 98.5% act.;
Uses: Coemulsifier, softener, lubricant for textile processing; emulsifier for nonionic
cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and food Alkamuls® STO [Rhodia Canada]
Properties: Wax; 99% conc.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan trioleate
Alkamuls® S-8 [Rhodia HPCII] CAS 26266-58-0; EINECS/ELINCS 247-569-3
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-8 stearate Uses: Emulsifier and coupling agent used to compd. textile and leather
CAS 9004-99-3 softener finishes, in metalworking fluids
Uses: Emulsifier, self-emulsifying lubricant and softener for syn. fibers, tex- Properties: Amber liq.; typ. odor; sol. in min. oil and spirits, aromatic solv.,
tiles, leather; thickener, stabilizer for starch-based paper coatings; internal perchloroethylene; insol. in water; sp.gr. 1.0 g/ml; dens. 8.330 lb/gal; HLB
antistat for PS 1.8; sapon. no. 170-190; hyd. no. 55-70; flash pt. > 200 C; 100% act.;
Regulatory: FDA approved nonionic
Properties: Off-wh. solid, bland char. odor; disp. in water, aromatic and Alkamuls® T-20 [Rhodia HPCII]
aliphatic solvs.; insol. in min. oil; m.p. 28 C; HLB 11.2; acid no. 1 max.; Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 20
sapon. no. 87-97; hyd. no. 87-102; pH 7-9 (5% in DI water); 100% conc.; CAS 9005-64-5
nonionic Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat and lubricant for textiles; solubilizer for
Alkamuls® S-20 [Rhodia HPCII] essential oils; raw material for no-tears shampoo
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan laurate Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic
CAS 1338-39-2; EINECS/ELINCS 215-663-3 Alkamuls® T-60 [Rhodia HPCII]
Uses: W/o emulsifier, lubricant and softener for textiles; sec. suspending Chem. Descrip.: PEG-20 sorbitan stearate
agent, visc. depressant, porosity modifier in PVC suspensions; food pkg. CAS 9005-67-8
adhesives, paper; defoamer in food-contact paper/paperboard; emulsifier in Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat and lubricant for textiles; solubilizer for
mfg. of food-contact articles essential oils; raw material for no-tears shampoo
Features: Improves morphology of PVC particles; improves plasticizer Properties: Paste; 100% conc.; nonionic
absorp. Alkamuls® T-65 [Rhodia HPCII]
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 175.320, 176.170, 176.180, Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan tristearate, ethoxylated
176.200, 176.210, 178.3400 Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat and lubricant for textiles; solubilizer for
Properties: Liq.; sol. in oils; HLB 8.6; 100% conc.; nonionic essential oils; raw material for no-tears shampoo
Alkamuls® S-60 [Rhodia HPCII] Properties: Solid; 100% conc.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan stearate Alkamuls® T-80 [Rhodia HPCII]
CAS 1338-41-6; EINECS/ELINCS 215-664-9 Chem. Descrip.: Polysorbate 80
Uses: W/o emulsifier, lubricant and softener for textiles; sec. suspending CAS 9005-65-6
agent, porosity modifier in PVC suspensions Uses: O/w emulsifier; solubilizer; textile fiber antistat/lubricant; in hot and cold
Properties: Solid; 100% conc.; nonionic rolling formulations
Alkamuls® S-65 [Rhodia HPCII] Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan tristearate Alkamuls® T-85 [Rhodia HPCII]
CAS 26658-19-5; EINECS/ELINCS 247-891-4 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-20 sorbitan trioleate
Uses: W/o emulsifier, lubricant and softener for textiles; sec. suspending CAS 9005-70-3
agent, porosity modifier in PVC suspensions Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat and lubricant for textiles; solubilizer for
Properties: Solid; 100% conc.; nonionic essential oils; raw material for no-tears shampoo
Alkamuls® S-65-8 [Rhodia HPCII] Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-8 stearate Alkamuls® TD-41 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France]
CAS 9004-99-3 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-14 tallate
Uses: Emulsifier, self-emulsifying lubricant and softener for syn. fibers CAS 61791-00-2
Properties: Wh. flake; HLB 11.2; 100% conc.; nonionic Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent for laundry detergents; degreaser in textile
Alkamuls® S-65-40 [Rhodia HPCII] processing, metalworking
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 stearate Features: Low foaming
CAS 9004-99-3 Properties: Visc. liq.; HLB 14.0; 99% conc.; nonionic
Uses: Emulsifier, self-emulsifying lubricant and softener for syn. fibers Alkanate PA 100 [Huntsman]
Properties: Off-wh. flakes; water-sol.; HLB 17.0; 100% conc.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Alkylphenol ether phosphate
Alkamuls® S-85 [Rhodia HPCII] Uses: Surfactant in dry cleaning formulations; emulsifier for metalworking
Chem. Descrip.: Sorbitan trioleate fluids; hydrotrope in detergent formulations; textile scouring agent
CAS 26266-58-0; EINECS/ELINCS 247-569-3 Properties: Gardner 3 max. clear visc. liq.; sol. in water, wh. spirits, and
Uses: W/o emulsifier, lubricant and softener for the textile industry; sec. perchloroethylene; sp.gr. 1.12; visc. 6000 cP (20 C); acid no. 105-130; pour
suspending agent, porosity modifier in PVC suspensions pt. < 0 C; cloud pt. > 61 C; pH 1-2 (10% aq.); 0.5% w/w max. water
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic content; anionic

32 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Alkasurf® CO-720

Alkanate PB 95 [Huntsman] Alkanolamine 144 [Dow]


Chem. Descrip.: Mixt. of phosphated esters in acid form Chem. Descrip.: Triethanolamine
Uses: Surfactant in dry cleaning formulations; emulsifier for metalworking CAS 102-71-6; EINECS/ELINCS 203-049-8
fluids; hydrotrope in detergent formulations; textile scouring agent Uses: Intermediate for surfactants, cosmetics/toiletries, metalworking fluids,
Properties: Gardner 4 max. clear visc. liq.; sol. in perchlorethylene, glycol textile chemicals, gas conditioning chemicals, agric. intermediates, and
ethers such as butyl Icinol and Icinol PM, and aromatic solvs. such as cement grinding aids
Solvesso 150; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 570 cP (20 C); acid no. 270-325; pour pt. Properties: Sp.gr. 1.1205; dens. 9.35 lb/gal; visc. 600.7 cps; f.p. 21 C; b.p.
< 0 C; pH 2-3 (10% w/w in aq. IPA); 3% w/w max. water content; anionic 340 C (760 mm Hg); flash pt. (COC) 350 F; fire pt. 420 F; ref. index 1.4839
Alkanol® 189-S [DuPont; DuPont Canada] Alkanolamine 244 [Dow]
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkyl sulfonate Chem. Descrip.: Triethanolamine
Uses: Wetting agent, detergent, penetrant, foaming agent for textiles, elas- CAS 102-71-6; EINECS/ELINCS 203-049-8
tomers, plastics, film, metal cleaning and pickling, hard surf. cleaning, and Uses: Intermediate for surfactants, cosmetics/toiletries, metalworking fluids,
chemical mfg.; wetting agent for paper industry; dyeing assistant; leveling textile chemicals, gas conditioning chemicals, agric. intermediates, and
agent for acid dyes on nylon; dispersant, wetting agent, penetrant for agric. cement grinding aids
chems. Properties: Sp.gr. 1.1205; dens. 9.35 lb/gal; visc. 600.7 cps; f.p. 21 C; b.p.
Features: Effective in acid and alkali media 340 C (760 mm Hg); flash pt. (COC) 350 F; fire pt. 420 F; ref. index 1.4839
Properties: Reddish-br. liq., alcoholic odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.06 g/mL; Alkanolamine 244 Low Freeze Grade [Dow]
dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 30 cps; cloud pt. < 0 C; flash pt. (PMCC) 21 C; pH Chem. Descrip.: Triethanolamine
7.5-9.0 (1%); surf. tens. 38 dynes/cm (0.1%); 31.5% act.; contains IPA; CAS 102-71-6; EINECS/ELINCS 203-049-8
anionic Uses: Intermediate for surfactants, cosmetics/toiletries, metalworking fluids,
Precaution: Flamm. textile chemicals, gas conditioning chemicals, agric. intermediates, and
Alkanol® 1009C [DuPont] cement grinding aids
Uses: Detergent for hard surf. cleaners; metal cleaning and pickling; wetting Properties: Sp.gr. 1.1205; dens. 9.35 lb/gal; visc. 600.7 cps; f.p. 21 C; b.p.
agent, rewetting agent for textiles, paper; dyeing assistant; leveling agent for 340 C (760 mm Hg); flash pt. (COC) 350 F; fire pt. 420 F; ref. index 1.4839
acid dyes on nylon; dispersant, wetting agent, penetrant for agric. chems.; Alkasil® NE 58-50 [Rhodia]
adhesives; aerospace and aircraft; chem. processing; coatings; sealants; Chem. Descrip.: Dimethicone copolyol
military; mining; petrol. refining/distribution Uses: Surfactant for prod. of rigid PU foams; imparts gloss and soft silky feel
Alkanol® 6112 [DuPont; DuPont Canada] to hair care prods.; wetting agent for skin creams/lotions; also for toiletries,
Chem. Descrip.: Fatty alcohol ethoxylate textiles, coatings; as release agent
Uses: Wetting agent for textile processing, paper industry; dyeing assistant; Features: Nonhydrolyzable
leveling agent for acid dyes on nylon; detergent for hard surf. cleaners; metal Use Level: 0.1-5.0% (cosmetics)
cleaning and pickling; dispersant, wetting agent, penetrant for agric. chems. Properties: Colorless to lt. amber low-visc. clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.05-1.07; visc.
Features: Nonrewetting; stable to acids, bases 300-750 cps; f.p. 6-10 C; pour pt. 7-11 C; cloud pt. 50-60 (1%); pH 6-8
Properties: Milky wh. emulsion, mild soapy odor; misc. with water; sp.gr. (5%); 100% act.; nonionic
0.91 g/mL; dens. 7.6 lb/gal; flash pt. (PMCC) 113 C; pH 6.6; surf. tens. 26 Toxicology: Essentially nontoxic
dynes/cm (0.1%); 100% act.; nonionic Precaution: Incompat. to strong acid, alkali, or oxidizing agent
Alkanol® A-CN [DuPont; DuPont Canada] Storage: 12 mos shelf life under normal conditions; becomes hazy when
Chem. Descrip.: Amine ethoxylate stored below 15 C, solidifies to soft wax below 8 C; reliquefy by heating but
Uses: Surfactant, antiprecipitant, dyeing assistant, dye solubilizer, leveling do not exceed 60 C
agent, contrast agent for textile dyeing; wetting agent for paper industry; Alkasurf® CA-520 [Rhodia Canada]
detergent for hard surf. cleaners; metal cleaning and pickling; dispersant, Chem. Descrip.: Octoxynol-5
wetting agent, penetrant for agric. chems. CAS 9002-93-1
Properties: Lt. amber liq., alcoholic odor; 50% sol. in water; sol. in polar Uses: Emulsifier for nonpolar solvs. in solv. emulsion cleaners, pesticides,
solvs.; sp.gr. 0.98 g/mL; dens. 8.2 lb/gal; HLB 14.4; cloud pt. > 100 C dry cleaning detergents, floor polishes, paints; anti-icing additive for gaso-
(upper, 1%); flash pt. (PMCC) 45 C; pH 7-9; surf. tens. 39 dynes/cm line; solubilizer/dispersant for hair colorants; aq. textile processing; aq. pulp/
(0.1%); 60% act.; nonionic paper processing; metal cleaners, floor cleaners, sanitizers
Precaution: Combustible Properties: HLB 10.0; cloud pt. < 20 C (1% aq.); nonionic
Alkanol® ND [DuPont; DuPont Canada] Alkasurf® CA-620 [Rhodia Canada]
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkyl diaryl sulfonate Chem. Descrip.: Octoxynol-7 (7-8 EO)
Uses: Foaming agent, wetting agent, dyeing assistant, surfactant for textiles, CAS 9002-93-1
chemical mfg.; leveling agent for acid dyes on nylon; detergent for hard surf. Uses: Emulsifier for solvs. such as xylene, emulsion polymerization, deter-
cleaners; metal cleaning and pickling; wetting agent for paper industry; gents, paints, aq. textile and pulp/paper processing, industrial metal clean-
dispersant, wetting agent, penetrant for agric. chems. ers, floor cleaners, sanitizers
Properties: Clear yel. liq.; terpene odor; misc. with water; sp.gr. 1.15 g/mL; Features: Controlled foam
dens. 9.6 lb/gal; visc. 118 cP; cloud pt. < 0 C; flash pt. extinguishes flame; Properties: HLB 12.0; cloud pt. < 20 C (1% aq.); nonionic
surf. tens. 34 dynes/cm (0.1% aq.); 45% act.; anionic Alkasurf® CO-630 [Rhodia Canada]
Alkanol® SB [DuPont] Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol 9
Uses: Detergent for hard surf. cleaners; metal cleaning and pickling; wetting CAS 9016-45-9
agent, rewetting agent for textiles, paper; dyeing assistant; leveling agent for Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, emulsifier for detergent compounding, tex-
acid dyes on nylon; dispersant, wetting agent, penetrant for agric. chems.; tiles, leather, pulp/paper processing, acid cleaners, corrosion inhibitors,
adhesives; aerospace and aircraft; chem. processing; coatings; sealants; emulsion and soak tank cleaners, agric. inerts
military; mining; petrol. refining/distribution Properties: HLB 13; cloud pt. 52-56 C (1% aq.); nonionic
Alkanol® XC [DuPont; DuPont Canada] Alkasurf® CO-710 [Rhodia Canada]
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkylnaphthalene sulfonate Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol 10.5-11
Uses: Wetting agent, dispersant, penetrant for bleaching and dyeing of tex- CAS 9016-45-9
tiles, leather, paper, agric., chemical mfg., photography; reduces shrinkage Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, emulsifier for detergent compounding, tex-
in ceramics mfg.; dry colors mfg.; detergent in hard surf. cleaners; metal tiles, leather, pulp/paper processing, acid cleaners, corrosion inhibitors,
cleaning and pickling emulsion and soak tank cleaners, agric. inerts
Features: Low foaming Properties: HLB 13.6; cloud pt. 70-74 C (1% aq.); nonionic
Properties: Lt. buff powd., naphthenic odor; sol. in ethyl alcohol, acetone, Alkasurf® CO-720 [Rhodia Canada]
benzene; 8-10% in water; sp.gr. 0.41 g/mL; dens. 3.4 lb/gal; pH 9.5-10.0 Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-12
(1% aq.); surf. tens. 41 dynes/cm (0.1% aq.); 90% act.; anionic CAS 9016-45-9

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 33


Alkasurf® CO-887

Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, emulsifier for detergent compounding, tex- compds.; dispersant for graphite and molybdenum disulfide; additive in
tiles, leather, pulp/paper processing, acid cleaners, corrosion inhibitors, lubricating oils, greases, and fuels
emulsion and soak tank cleaners, agric. inerts Properties: M.w. 465; dens. 8.7 lb/gal (60 C); visc. 500 cSt (210 F); flash pt.
Properties: HLB 14.2; cloud pt. 50-54 C (1% in 10% NaCl); nonionic 204 C min.; 62% sulfonate, 35% min. oil, 3-5% water; anionic
Alkasurf® CO-887 [Rhodia Canada] Alox® 2293 [Gateway Addit.]
Chem. Descrip.: Nonoxynol-30 Chem. Descrip.: Sodium sulfonate
CAS 9016-45-9 Uses: Dispersant for graphite and molybdenum sulfide; additive in lubricating
Uses: Surfactant for high-temp. pressure scouring of textiles; solubilizer for oils, greases, fuels; formulation of rust preventive compds., sol. oils for
chlordane, toxaphene, kerosene, essential oils; emulsion polymerization; metal cutting, drawing and grinding operations, oil well drilling compds.,
latex post-stabilizer textile specialties, insecticides
Properties: HLB 17.2; cloud pt. 74-78 C (1% in 10% NaCl); 70% act.; Properties: M.w. 580-610; dens. 8.2 lb/gal (60 F); 60% sulfonate, 38% min.
nonionic oil, 3% water
Alkaterge®-E [ANGUS] ALPHA-STEP® ML-40 [Stepan; Stepan Canada; Stepan Europe]
Chem. Descrip.: Ethyl hydroxymethyl oleyl oxazoline Chem. Descrip.: Sodium methyl 2-sulfolaurate and disodium 2-sulfolaurate
CAS 68140-98-7; EINECS/ELINCS 268-820-3 Uses: Surfactant, detergent, foaming agent, hydrotrope for dishwashing liqs.,
Uses: Detergent, emulsifier, wetting agent, antifoam, antioxidant for salts, fine fabric washes, hard surf. cleaners, and bubble baths; scouring agent,
soaps, paper, textiles, and metal cleaners; emulsion stabilizer; acid accep- leveling agent, coupling agent, and foaming agent for textiles; metalworking
tor; cosmetic and personal care raw material; pigment grinding aid and formulations
dispersant for coatings, nonaq. systems Properties: Yel. clear liq.; pH 7.0 (1%); 38% act.; anionic
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Environmental: Biodeg.
Properties: Gardner 15 max. clear liq.; sol. in most org. liq., slight sol. in Alphenate PE Extra [Sidobre-Sinnova SA]
water; sp.gr. 0.9; dens. 7.74 lb/gal; visc. 155 cp; f.p. -31 C; HLB 4.0-5.0; Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl polyglycol ester and sulfate semiester of alkylaryl
flash pt. > 200 F; surf. tens. 40 dynes/cm; 70% conc.; amphoteric polyglycol ether blend
Alkon® CSK [Apollo] Uses: Dyeing assistant for polyester and acrylic fibers
Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent for use in continuous knit bleaching; wax Properties: Liq.; 50% conc.; anionic/nonionic
and oil emulsifier Alrosperse 11P Flake [Ciba Spec. Chems./Addit.]
Features: Low or no foaming Chem. Descrip.: Fatty acid amide
Alkon® DD [Apollo] Uses: Emulsifier, lubricant for hair rinses; hand modifier for textiles; spreading
Uses: Fast wetting agent, emulsifier, detergent, scouring agent for removal of agent in paste waxes and polishes; antistat and emulsifier for SR and
oils and waxes in textile processing; chelating agent for calcium polyolefins
Features: Mod. foaming; compat. with caustic soda, sodium silicate, hydro- Properties: Off-wh. waxy flake; sp.gr. 0.94; m.p. 41-43 C; nonionic
gen peroxide Alrowet® D-65 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Addit.]
Alkon® FS [Apollo] Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate
Uses: Penetrant, scouring agent, wetting agent, dispersant, detergent for CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4
textile bleaching and scouring Uses: Wetting agent and rewetting agent for textiles; dispersant, antistat,
Features: Good alkaline stability; low foaming at elevated temps. wetting agent for NR and SR latexes
Alkon® HSY [Apollo] Properties: Clear liq., slight odor; sp.gr. 1.10; 65% conc.; anionic
Uses: Fast wetting agent, emulsifier, dispersant, detergent, scouring agent for ALT-192 [Gelest]
removal of oils and waxes in textile desizing, scouring, and bleaching Chem. Descrip.: Polyoctadecylmethylsiloxane
processes CAS 68607-75-0
Features: Mod. foaming; compat. with caustic soda, sodium silicate, hydro- Uses: Lubricant for mold releases, rubber-plastic, metal-plastic, and metal-
gen peroxide metal contact, aluminum machining/extruding, die casting, ball bearings,
Alkon® MRV [Apollo] gears; thread/fiber lubricants component; processing aid in melt spinning;
Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent for textile processing in jets working media for smart fluids; surfactant for de-airing molded urethane and
Features: Low foaming; good alkaline stability epoxy parts during fabrication
Alkon® NS [Apollo] Features: Compat. with organics, paraffin wax
Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent for textile scouring, esp. for removing Properties: Creamy solid (@ R.T.); sp.gr. 0.89 (50 C); visc. 250-300 cSt (50
silicone oils from fabric blends containing lycra C); pour pt. 50 C; ref. index 1.443; surf. tens. 39.5 dynes/cm
Features: Replacement for solv. scouring systems; provides exc. wetting ALT-563 [Gelest]
with and without caustic; exc. caustic stability; compat. with hydrogen Chem. Descrip.: Triacontylmethylsiloxane (4-6%)/dimethylsiloxane copoly-
peroxide mer
Alkon® OS [Apollo] CAS 17725-30-0
Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent, emulsifier, dispersant, detergent for Uses: Lubricant for mold releases, rubber-plastic, metal-plastic, and metal-
textile desizing, scouring, and bleaching processes; scouring agent esp. for metal contact, aluminum machining/extruding, die casting, ball bearings,
removal of oils and waxes gears; working media for smart fluids; thread/fiber lubricants component;
Features: Fast wetting; mod. foaming; compat. with caustic soda, sodium processing aid in melt spinning; surf. tens. reducer for nonaq. solvs.; wetting
silicate, hydrogen peroxide agent, leveling agent in coatings, inks; surfactant for de-airing molded ure-
Alkon® PDL [Apollo] thane and epoxy parts during fabrication
Uses: Prep. and dyeing assistant to improve appearance of yarn and fabric Features: Compat. with organics
dye levelness Properties: Solid @ R.T.; readily misc. with many hydrocarbons; sp.gr.
Features: Reduces or eliminates halo effect in pkg. dyeing as well as most 0.85; visc. 2000-4000 cSt (100 C); pour pt. 75 C; ref. index 1.431
edge lines in tubular knits Alubraspin™ 226 [BASF/Perf. Chems.]
Alkon® SDC-NEW [Apollo] Uses: Fiber lubricant
Chem. Descrip.: Blend of scours, dispersants, and chelates Properties: Yel. visc. liq.; sp.gr. 1.00 (70 C)
Uses: Scouring agent, dispersant, chelating agent esp. effective in continuous Alubraspin™ 261 [BASF/Perf. Chems.]
scour of synthetics Uses: Fiber lubricant
Alox® 465 [Gateway Addit.] Properties: Yel. paste; sp.gr. 0.888
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium petrol. sulfonate Aluminasol 100 [Nissan Chem. Ind.]
CAS 68608-26-4 Chem. Descrip.: Alumina colloidal aq. sol’n.
Uses: Emulsifier, surfactant, corrosion inhibitor, suspending agent for formula- Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (10%); EINECS/ELINCS 215-691-6
tion of sol. oils for metal cutting, drawing, and grinding operations, oil well Uses: Binder, caking agent in glass fiber, asbestos, ceramic fiber in inorg.
drilling compds., textile specialties, and insecticides; in rust preventive textiles; caking agent, film-former with heat resist. and adhesion for mfg. of

34 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Amerstat® 1910

porcelain, refractories; antistat, hand improver in textiles; catalyst carrier; CAS 94441-92-6
polymer film-former; fiber finishing agent; fixing agent for resin treatments; Uses: Surfactant for maintenance chems., detergents, metal finishing, slat/
abrasion resist. aid in fishing nets/ropes; filler improving smoothness, white- conveyor lubricants, textiles, microemulsions, institutional, water treatment;
ness, and moisture resist. in paper; binder in paper surf. treatments; coagu- corrosion inhibitor; solubilizer; hydrotrope
lant; emulsifier; dispersant Features: Salt-free; low foam; acid/alkali stable; hard water stable; compat.
Features: Strong thixotropy; heat resist.; bond str.; adhesion; corrosion re- with cationics, anionics, nonionics
sist.; weatherproof Properties: Pale straw-colored liq.; 70% act.; amphoteric
Properties: Opal colored amorphous cryst.; sp.gr. 1.11 (20 C); pH 3.6 (20 C) Toxicology: Nontoxic
Storage: Store @ normal temps. in original sealed containers Ambersil Antifoam 4011 [Ambersil Ltd]
Aluminasol 200 [Nissan Chem. Ind.] Chem. Descrip.: Silicone emulsion
Chem. Descrip.: Alumina colloidal aq. sol’n. Uses: Antifoam for aq. systems such as textile dyeing and finishing, detergent
Chem. Analysis: Al2O3 (10%); EINECS/ELINCS 215-691-6 washing, cutting oils, and chem. mfg. processes
Uses: Binder, caking agent in glass fiber, asbestos, ceramic fiber in inorg. Properties: 10% act.
textiles; caking agent, film-former with heat resist. and adhesion for mfg. of Amcar IGM [Am. Emulsions]
porcelain, refractories; antistat, hand improver in textiles; catalyst carrier; Chem. Descrip.: Non-biphenyl
polymer film-former; fiber finishing agent; fixing agent for resin treatments; Uses: Dye carrier for atmospheric or pressure dyeing of polyester fibers
abrasion resist. aid in fishing nets/ropes; filler improving smoothness, white- Features: High yield; exc. rework carrier
ness, and moisture resist. in paper; binder in paper surf. treatments; coagu- Amcar LO [Am. Emulsions]
lant; emulsifier; dispersant Uses: Dye carrier for textiles
Features: Strong thixotropy; heat resist.; bond str.; adhesion; corrosion re- Features: Low odor; max. dye yield; exc. rework carrier
sist.; weatherproof Amcar MRA [Am. Emulsions]
Properties: Opal colored amorphous cryst.; sp.gr. 1.10 (20 C); pH 4.8 (20 C) Chem. Descrip.: Non-biphenyl
Storage: Store @ normal temps. in original sealed containers Uses: Dye carrier for atmospheric or pressure dyeing of polyester fibers
AMA [Lakeland Labs Ltd] Properties: Odorless
Chem. Descrip.: C12/C14 whole coconut dipropionate Amcar OCP [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 90170-43-7 Chem. Descrip.: Chlorinated benzene, anionically emulsified
Uses: Detergent, wetting agent for maintenance chems., detergents, metal Uses: Carrier for disperse dyeing of polyester
finishing, slat/conveyor lubricants, textiles, microemulsions, institutional, Features: High yield, dark colors; helps prevent crocking on dark colors
water treatment, vehicle cleaning, agric., liq. laundry detergents; corrosion Amerchol® C [Amerchol; Amerchol Europe]
inhibitor; biostatic; solubilizer; hydrotrope Chem. Descrip.: Petrolatum, lanolin, lanolin alcohol
Features: Salt-free; high foam; acid/alkali stable; good lubricity; hard water Uses: Absorp. base, aux. emulsifier and stabilizer for o/w systems, condi-
stable; compat. with cationics, anionics, nonionics tioner, emollient, moisturizer for cosmetics and pharmaceuticals (creams,
Properties: Pale straw-colored liq.; 30% act.; amphoteric ointments, dermatologicals, lotions), textile finishes
Toxicology: Nontoxic Properties: Pale yel.-cream soft solid, slight, char. sterol odor; oil sol.; HLB
Environmental: Biodeg. 9.5; m.p. 40-46 C; acid no. 1.0 max.; sapon. no. 10-20; 100% conc.;
AMA 38 [Lakeland Labs Ltd] nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: C12/C14 whole coconut dipropionate Amerchol® CAB [Amerchol; Amerchol Europe]
CAS 90170-43-7 Chem. Descrip.: Petrolatum, lanolin alcohol
Uses: Surfactant for maintenance chems., detergents, metal finishing, slat/ Uses: Emollient, w/o emulsifier, moisturizer, stabilizer, plasticizer for thera-
conveyor lubricants, textiles, microemulsions, institutional, water treatment, peutic ointments, burn preparations, dermatological prods., hypoallergenic
vehicle cleaning, agric., liq. laundry detergents; corrosion inhibitor; biostatic; preparations, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, absorp. bases, bar soaps, textile
wetting agent; solubilizer; hydrotrope finishes
Features: Salt-free; high foam; acid/alkali stable; good lubricity; hard water Properties: Pale cream soft solid, faint, char. sterol odor; oil sol.; HLB 9.0;
stable; compat. with cationics, anionics, nonionics m.p. 40-46 C; acid no. 1 max.; sapon. no. 1.0 max.; 100% conc.; nonionic
Properties: Pale straw-colored liq.; 38% act.; amphoteric Amerchol L-101® [Amerchol; Amerchol Europe]
Toxicology: Nontoxic Chem. Descrip.: Mineral oil, lanolin alcohol
Environmental: Biodeg. Uses: Emollient, penetrant, w/o emulsifier, moisturizer, softener, stabilizer for
AMA 100 [Lakeland Labs Ltd] cosmetics, creams, makeup, hair dressing, pharmaceuticals, aerosols, baby
Chem. Descrip.: C12/C14 whole coconut dipropionate prods., textile finishes; wetting agent, dispersant for pigmented prods.; plas-
CAS 90170-43-7 ticizer for hair sprays
Uses: Surfactant for maintenance chems., detergents, metal finishing, slat/ Properties: Pale yel. oily liq., faint char. sterol odor; oil sol.; sp.gr. 0.840-
conveyor lubricants, textiles, microemulsions, institutional, water treatment, 0.860; visc. 20-30 cps; HLB 8; acid no. 1 max.; sapon. no. 1 max.; 100%
vehicle cleaning, agric., liq. laundry detergents; corrosion inhibitor; biostatic; conc.; nonionic
wetting agent; solubilizer; hydrotrope; specifically for use in powd. blends Amerstat® 251 [Ashland/Drew Ind. Div.]
Features: Salt-free; high foam; acid/alkali stable; good lubricity; hard water Chem. Descrip.: 1.15% 5-Chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one and 0.35%
stable; compat. with cationics, anionics, nonionics 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one
Properties: Wh. powd.; 100% act.; amphoteric Uses: Antimicrobial, preservative in latex, food pkg. adhesives/paper, min-
Toxicology: Nontoxic eral slurries, inks, metal working, textiles
Environmental: Biodeg. Features: Effective pH 6-9.5; 50 C max. temp.
AMA LF40 [Lakeland Labs Ltd] Use Level: 0.01-0.1%
Chem. Descrip.: C8 dipropionate Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180; EPA reg. no. 1757-79
CAS 94441-92-6 Properties: Pale green to yel. liq.; water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.02; dens. 8.6 lb/gal; pH
Uses: Surfactant for maintenance chems., detergents, metal finishing, slat/ 2.0-5.0 (neat)
conveyor lubricants, textiles, microemulsions, institutional, water treatment, Storage: Storage stability of at least 6 months at 50 C and one year at ambient
cleaning in place, automatic dishwashing; corrosion inhibitor; solubilizer; temp.
hydrotrope Amerstat® 1910 [Ashland/Drew Ind. Div.]
Features: Salt-free; low foam; acid/alkali stable; hard water stable; compat. Chem. Descrip.: 10% Methylene bis-(thiocyanate) and 10% 2-
with cationics, anionics, nonionics (thiocyanomethyl thio) benzothiazole
Properties: Pale straw-colored liq.; 40% act.; amphoteric Uses: Microbicide used in wood protective coatings, adhesives, leather oils,
Toxicology: Nontoxic sealants and caulking compds., textiles
AMA LF70 [Lakeland Labs Ltd] Regulatory: EPA reg. no. 1448-81-1757
Chem. Descrip.: C8 dipropionate Properties: Amber clear liq.; mild odor; most aromatic solvs. soluble in

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 35


Amerstat® 1930

glycol, ethers, disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.08 g/ml; dens. 9.01 lb/gal; flash pt. and essential oils; visc. builder, foaming agent for shampoos, hand soaps,
(TCC) 64 C; pH 5-7 (100 ppm in water); 80% inert bath prods.
Precaution: Do not heat above 50 C Properties: Gardner 5 pasty liq.; sol. in ethanol, xylene; disp. in water; pH
Amerstat® 1930 [Ashland/Drew Ind. Div.] 10.0-11.5 (1% aq.); 100% act.; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: 2-(Thiocyanomethyl thio) benzothiazole (30%) AMIDOX® C-5 [Stepan; Stepan Canada; Stepan Europe]
CAS 21564-17-0 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-6 cocamide
Uses: Antimicrobial, bactericide, fungicide, preservative for textiles, paints, CAS 61791-08-0
coatings, caulks, sealants, wood, adhesives, cutting fluids, metalworking Uses: Emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent for dishwashing detergents, sham-
Features: Controls bacteria and fungi in oil and aq. systems poos, emulsions; textile wetting and leveling agent; emulsifier for fragrances
Regulatory: EPA reg. no. 1448-55-1757 and essential oils; visc. builder, foaming agent for shampoos, hand soaps,
Properties: Clear, dark amber liq.; mild odor; disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.08; dens. bath prods.
9.01 lb/gal; flash pt. (TCC) 123 F; pH 6-7 (100 ppm in distilled water) Properties: Gardner 5 liq.; sol. in ethanol, xylene, water; pH 10.0-11.5 (1%
Amfix CB [Am. Emulsions] aq.); 100% act.; nonionic
Uses: Fixing agent for fiber reactive and direct dyestuffs, preventing migration Amiet CD/14 [Kao Corp. SA]
of dyes while goods are wet between dyeing and drying Chem. Descrip.: PEG-14 cocamine
Features: Temporary CAS 61791-14-8
Amfix DF [Am. Emulsions] Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Chem. Descrip.: Formaldehyde condensate Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
Uses: Fixing agent for fiber reactive and direct dyestuffs on cotton, rayon, and Amiet CD/17 [Kao Corp. SA]
their blends Chem. Descrip.: PEG-17 cocamine
Features: Exc. wash and lightfastness CAS 61791-14-8
Amfix FRL [Am. Emulsions] Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Uses: Fixing agent for improving wetfastness props. of cellulosics dyed or Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
printed with direct or reactive dyes Amiet CD/27 [Kao Corp. SA]
Features: Formaldehyde-free Chem. Descrip.: PEG-27 cocamine
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated CAS 61791-14-8
Amfix JWF [Am. Emulsions] Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Uses: Fixing agent for fiber reactive and direct dyestuffs on cotton, rayon, and Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
their blends, esp. rec. for cotton lycra swimwear and fabric that must with- Amiet OD/14 [Kao Corp. SA]
stand industrial washing Chem. Descrip.: PEG-14 oleamine
Features: Nonformaldehyde; minimal effect on lightfastness; offers superior CAS 26635-93-8
protection from chlorine degradation Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Amfix RJR [Am. Emulsions] Properties: Liq./paste; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
Uses: Fixing agent for acid dyes on nylon fibers Amiet OD/17 [Kao Corp. SA]
Features: Exc. wet fastness; minimal shade change Chem. Descrip.: PEG-17 oleamine
Amgard® LR2. [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] CAS 71786-60-2
Chem. Descrip.: Water-based ammonium polyphosphate Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
CAS 14728-39-3 Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
Uses: Flame retardant for cellulose upholstery fabrics Amiet OD/19 [Kao Corp. SA]
Features: Proprietary; meets UK std. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-19 oleamine
Amgard® TBEP [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] CAS 71786-60-2
Chem. Descrip.: Tributoxyethyl phosphate Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
CAS 78-51-3; EINECS/ELINCS 201-122-9 Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
Uses: Flame retardant, plasticizer for plastics; leveling agent, gloss aid, and Amiet OD/22 [Kao Corp. SA]
coalescing agent for emulsion polymers, acrylic and styrenic floor polishes, Chem. Descrip.: PEG-22 oleamine
acrylic gloss paints; wetting agent and rheology control agent for pigments; CAS 71786-60-2
defoamer for paints, textiles, and paper Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Properties: Clear mobile liq., mild char. odor; misc. with most org. solvs.; Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
sol. 0.11% in water; sp.gr. 1.1020 ± 0.005; visc. 10.7 cps; vapor pressure Amiet OD/24 [Kao Corp. SA]
< 1 mm Hg (100 C); b.p. 210-220 (4 mm); decomp. pt. gradual above 200 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-24 oleamine
C; pour pt. -70 C; flash pt. (COC) > 180 C; ref. index 1.435; 7.8% P; 0.1% CAS 71786-60-2
max. water Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Amical® 48 [ANGUS] Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Diiodomethyl p-tolyl sulfone Amiet OD/27 [Kao Corp. SA]
CAS 20018-09-1; EINECS/ELINCS 243-468-3 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-27 oleamine
Uses: Mildewcide, fungicide for latex paints, paper coatings, tanned leather, CAS 71786-60-2
metalworking fluids, emulsions, caulks, adhesives and sealants, and in Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
lumber, construction, home improvement, textile, and automotive industries; Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
fungicide in cosmetic preservation; food pkg. adhesives, coatings, can Amiet OD/32 [Kao Corp. SA]
sealants, rubber articles Chem. Descrip.: PEG-32 oleamine
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 177.2600; EPA reg. no. 48301- CAS 71786-60-2
19 Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
Properties: Tan finely divided powd.; sol. in dimethyl formamide, acetone, n- Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
propyl acetate, tributyl phosphate; insol. in water; sp.gr. 2.20 g/cc; dens. Amiet OD/42 [Kao Corp. SA]
18.3 lb/gal; m.p. 157 C; pH 5.0-7.0 (1% aq. disp.); 90% min. act. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-42 oleamine
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 9400 mg/kg; nonirritating to skin; may cause CAS 71786-60-2
temporary eye irritation, toxic to fish Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles
AMIDOX® C-2 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-3 cocamide Amiet TD/14 [Kao Corp. SA]
CAS 61791-08-0 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-14 tallowamine
Uses: Emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent for dishwashing detergents, sham- CAS 61791-44-4
poos, emulsions; textile wetting and leveling agent; emulsifier for fragrances Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles

36 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Ammonium Stearate Liq.

Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Amjet A-4 [Am. Emulsions]


Amiet TD/17 [Kao Corp. SA] Uses: Leveling carrier for pressure dyeing of stock yarn and piece goods
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-17 tallowamine Amlev ACY-Super [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 61791-44-4 Chem. Descrip.: Complex inorg. salt of org. amine
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Uses: Leveling agent for basic dyes applied to acrylic fiber
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Features: Nonretarding
Amiet TD/19 [Kao Corp. SA] Properties: Anionic
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-19 tallowamine Amlev DFX [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 90367-28-5 Uses: Leveling agent for acid dyes on nylon fibers
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Features: Nonretarding
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Properties: Anionic
Amiet TD/20 [Kao Corp. SA] Amlev DOC [Am. Emulsions]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-20 tallowamine Uses: Leveling agent for direct dyes on cotton and cotton blends for all types
CAS 90367-28-5 of dyeing machines
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Properties: Anionic
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Amlev FTS [Am. Emulsions]
Amiet TD/22 [Kao Corp. SA] Uses: Retarding agent, leveling agent for acid dyes on nylon fibers
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-22 tallowamine Properties: Anionic
CAS 61791-44-4 Amlev G [Am. Emulsions]
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Uses: Leveling agent for direct dyes for cotton applics.
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Properties: Anionic
Amiet TD/23 [Kao Corp. SA] Amlev GR [Am. Emulsions]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-23 tallowamine Uses: Leveling agent for fiber reactive dyes on cotton and cotton blends
CAS 61791-44-4 Properties: Anionic
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Amlev KC-2 [Am. Emulsions]
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant
Amiet TD/27 [Kao Corp. SA] Uses: Leveling agent for polyester and blends
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-27 tallowamine Features: Low foaming; good dispersibility for level dyeings; promotes rapid
CAS 61791-44-4 dye transfer
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Regulatory: DOT nonreportable
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic Properties: Nonionic
Amiet TD/32 [Kao Corp. SA] Amlev OMF [Am. Emulsions]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-32 tallowamine Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant blend
CAS 61791-44-4 Uses: Leveling agent for acid or disperse dyes on nylon
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Features: Exc. barré coverage; provides exc. strike rate retarding of both
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic level dyeing and reserving type acid dyes;
Amiet TD/42 [Kao Corp. SA] Properties: Anionic
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-42 tallowamine Amlev PNL [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 61791-44-4 Chem. Descrip.: Blend
Uses: Antistat, dyeing assistant, softener, dispersant for textiles Uses: Leveling agent, antistat for disperse dyes on nylon and carrierless
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic/cationic dyeable polyester; dispersant, lubricant for textiles
Amigrol [3V/Texprint] Features: Nonfoaming; promotes rapid dye transfer throughout the dye cycle
Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic polymer providing level dyeings
Uses: Antimigrating agent for dyestuffs, for continuous dyeing of cellulosics, Properties: Nonionic
polyester and polyester/cellulose blends, polyester and wool blends Amlube AEC [Am. Emulsions]
Features: Nonfoaming Chem. Descrip.: Blend
Use Level: 10-25 g/l Uses: Lubricant to prevent crack marks on polyester or nylons
Properties: Nearly colorless, sl. visc. liq.; readily misc. with water; anionic Features: Improves backwinding of space-dyed yarns
Amine C [Ciba Spec. Chems./Addit.] Properties: Nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Imidazoline deriv. Amlube ALG [Am. Emulsions]
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, detergent for acid cleaners; antistat for textiles, Uses: Lubricant for nylon and PP extrusion
plastics; paints; corrosion inhibitor; cutting and rust preventive oils Amlube IWS [Am. Emulsions]
Properties: Yel. liq.; sol. in polar org. solv., hydrocarbons, relatively insol. Uses: Dyebath lubricant for woven and knit goods
water; 100% act.; cationic Features: Exc. fiber-to-fiber and fiber-to-metal lubricity in all types of machin-
Amine HBGD [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] ery; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Distilled hydrogenated tallow amine Amlube PPF [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 61788-45-2; EINECS/ELINCS 262-976-6 Uses: Lubricant finish for nylon and PP fibers
Uses: Emulsifier; corrosion inhibitor; chemical intermediate producing eth- Features: High cohesion
oxylated for textile auxs. and acetates for emulsifiers and dispersants Amlube TCS [Am. Emulsions]
Properties: Solid; 97% conc.; cationic Uses: Fiber lubricant for PP filament
Aminol VR-14 [Finetex] Amlube V [Am. Emulsions]
Chem. Descrip.: Mixed acid alkanolamide Chem. Descrip.: POE
CAS 61790-63-4 Uses: Dyebath lubricant for natural and syn. fibers; lubricant for jet dyeing
Uses: Thickener, foam booster/stabilizer, detergent used in household and cotton and cotton/polyester blends
industrial detergents; wool scouring and fulling agent Features: Inc. loft of pile and leaves goods with a soft hand; prevents rope and
Properties: Liq.; 97% conc.; nonionic crack marks
Amisol™ F-100 [Lucas Meyer] Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Lecithin Ammonium Stearate Liq. [Huntsman]
CAS 8002-43-5; EINECS/ELINCS 232-307-2 Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium stearate
Uses: Release agent, wetting agent, and dispersant for industrial, paints/ CAS 1002-89-7; EINECS/ELINCS 213-695-2
coatings, and textile applics. Uses: Foam stabilizer, hand modifier for frothed latex systems
Properties: Free-flowing powd.; water-disp. Properties: Liq.; anionic

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 37


AMMONYX® CO

AMMONYX® CO [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Uses: Polymer modifier for epoxies and urethanes; internal mold release
Chem. Descrip.: Palmitamine oxide agent for nylons; lubricant, release agent, component in coatings for textiles
CAS 7128-91-8; EINECS/ELINCS 230-429-0 and polishes
Uses: Conditioner, detergent, foam stabilizer, visc. builder for cosmetics, Properties: Sp.gr. 0.98; visc. 1200-1500 cSt; ref. index 1.407
household and janitorial prods.; wetting agent in conc. electrolyte sol’ns.; Amscour ADB [Am. Emulsions]
textile lubricant, emulsifier, wetting agent, dye dispersant Uses: Scouring agent for syn. and nat. fibers
Properties: Liq.; sp.gr. 0.96; flash pt. > 200 F; 30% act.; amphoteric Features: General purpose; low cloud pt.
AMMONYX® LO [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Properties: Nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Lauramine oxide Amscour DMC [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 1643-20-5; EINECS/ELINCS 216-700-6 Uses: Scouring agent for removal of mill dirt and grease; scouring agent in
Uses: Foam booster/stabilizer, conditioner, wetting agent, visc. builder, grease hydrogen peroxide bleaching
emulsifier for shampoos, bath prods., fine fabric cleaners, hard surf. cleaners Properties: Powd.; 100% act.
containing acids or bleach, dishwash, shaving creams, lotions; textile lubri- Amscour MS-100 [Am. Emulsions]
cant, emulsifier, dye dispersant Uses: Solvent scouring agent for the toughest dirt, oil, and grease problems
Properties: Liq., sp.gr. 0.96; flash pt. > 200 F; 30% act.; amphoteric Properties: Nonionic
AMMONYX® MO [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Amscour RWP [Am. Emulsions]
Chem. Descrip.: Myristamine oxide Uses: Scouring agent for hydrogen peroxide bleaching
CAS 3332-27-2; EINECS/ELINCS 222-059-3 Features: Highly alkaline-stable
Uses: Wetting agent, foam booster/stabilizer, conditioner for cosmetics, house- Amsist MAS [Am. Emulsions]
hold and janitorial prods.; textile lubricant, emulsifier, wetting agent, dye Chem. Descrip.: Clay-based
dispersant Uses: Stabilizer, sequestrant for peroxide bleaching
Properties: Liq.; sp.gr. 0.96; flash pt. > 200 F; 29-31% amine oxide; ampho- Features: Controls release of hydrogen peroxide
teric Amsist NCP [Am. Emulsions]
AMMONYX® SO [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Chem. Descrip.: Clay-based
Chem. Descrip.: Stearamine oxide Uses: Stabilizer, sequestrant for peroxide bleaching; oil scavenger for pro-
CAS 2571-88-2; EINECS/ELINCS 219-919-5 cessing lycra and similar knit goods
Uses: Conditioner, detergent, foam stabilizer, visc. builder, conditioner, emul- Features: Controls activation of hydrogen peroxide
sifier used in cosmetic, household, and janitorial prods.; wetting agent in Amsoft 300 [Am. Emulsions]
conc. electrolyte sol’ns.; textile lubricant, emulsifier, wetting agent, dye Uses: Softener for textiles
dispersant Features: Yields soft, buttery hand; nonyel. under normal drying and curing
Properties: Paste; sp.gr. 0.99; flash pt. > 200 F; 25% act.; amphoteric conditions; for applic. by pad or exhaust
Ampacet 49882 [Ampacet] Properties: Cationic
Chem. Descrip.: 30% Carbon black (N-110) in PP carrier resin with antioxi- Amsoft CPE [Am. Emulsions]
dant Chem. Descrip.: HDPE
Uses: Black conc. for geotextiles and strapping applics. CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Properties: Sp.gr. 1.06 Uses: Softener for textiles
Amquest ADP-1 [Am. Emulsions] Features: Imparts soft hand and exc. cut and sew props.; nonyellowing
Uses: Sequestrant, antichlor protectant, water softener for textiles under normal drying and curing conditions; for applic. by pad or exhaust
Amquest EWS [Am. Emulsions] Properties: Cationic
Chem. Descrip.: EDTA Amsoft Conc. [Nutex]
CAS 60-00-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-449-4 Chem. Descrip.: Quaternary
Uses: Sequestrant for textiles Uses: Textile softener base
Features: Offers protection over wide pH range Properties: Solid
Amquest TPM [Am. Emulsions] Amsoft DWE [Am. Emulsions]
Chem. Descrip.: Org. Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene
Uses: Stabilizer for peroxide bleaching CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Features: May be used with or without sodium silicate Uses: Softener for textiles
AMS-132 [Gelest] Features: Imparts good hand and cut and sew props.; best applied by pad
Chem. Descrip.: Aminopropylmethylsiloxane-dimethylsiloxane copolymer Properties: Nonionic
CAS 99363-37-8 Amsoft FA [Am. Emulsions]
Uses: Polymer modifier for epoxies and urethanes; internal mold release Chem. Descrip.: Fatty ester
agent for nylons; lubricant, release agent, component in coatings for textiles Uses: Softener for cotton, knits, yarn; fabric lubricant
and polishes Features: Nonyel.
Properties: M.w. 4500-5500; sp.gr. 0.96; visc. 80-100 cSt; ref. index 1.404 Properties: Nonionic
AMS-152 [Gelest] Amsoft LF [Nutex]
Chem. Descrip.: Aminopropylmethylsiloxane-dimethylsiloxane copolymer Chem. Descrip.: Quaternary
CAS 99363-37-8 Uses: Textile softener
Uses: Polymer modifier for epoxies and urethanes; internal mold release Features: Low foaming; nonyellowing
agent for nylons; lubricant, release agent, component in coatings for textiles Properties: Liq.
and polishes Amsoft QP2 [Nutex]
Properties: M.w. 7000-8000; sp.gr. 0.97; visc. 150-260 cSt Uses: Softener for garment finishing
AMS-162 [Gelest] Properties: Cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Aminopropylmethylsiloxane-dimethylsiloxane copolymer Amsoft SLS [Am. Emulsions]
CAS 99363-37-8 Chem. Descrip.: Silicone and HDPE microemulsion
Uses: Polymer modifier for epoxies and urethanes; internal mold release Uses: Softener for textiles
agent for nylons; lubricant, release agent, component in coatings for textiles Features: Imparts classic silicone hand with cut and sew advantages of PE;
and polishes nonyellowing under normal drying and curing conditions; for applic. by pad
Properties: M.w. 4000-5000; sp.gr. 0.97; visc. 80-120 cSt or exhaust
AMS-233 [Gelest] Properties: Cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Aminoethylaminopropylmethylsiloxane/dimethylsiloxane Amsoft SME [Am. Emulsions]
copolymer Chem. Descrip.: Silicone-based microemulsion
CAS 71750-79-3 Uses: Softener for textiles

38 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Amwet DAD

Features: Imparts soft, slick hand; nonyellowing under normal drying and Uses: Flame retardant for use in nonaq. systems
curing conditions; for applic. by pad or exhaust Properties: Powd.; 100% act.
Properties: Cationic Amsperse® FR 5825 [Amspec]
Amsoft WB-5 [Am. Emulsions] Chem. Descrip.: Emulsion of bromine and antimony contg. compds.
Uses: Softener for textiles Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat., syn., and blended
Features: Imparts soft, slick hand and exc. cut and sew props. fiber fabrics
Properties: Cationic Features: Gives clear finish
Amsol FIM [Am. Emulsions] Properties: 70% act.
Uses: Scouring agent in dye baths Amsperse® FR 7023BT [Amspec]
Features: No effect on strike rate of dyes or depth of shade Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of special high purity antimony oxide and non-deca
Properties: Nonionic brominated compd.
Environmental: Environmentally friendly; biodeg. Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat., syn., or blended fiber
Amsperse® FR 21 [Amspec] fabrics or pad/dry/heat-set
Chem. Descrip.: Decabromodiphenyl oxide and antimony oxide (2:1) Features: Very effective when DBDPO cannot be used
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat., syn., or blended fiber Properties: 67.5% act.
fabrics Amsperse® FR 7023D [Amspec]
Features: Applied via pad, spray, coat, or foam Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of special high purity antimony oxide and brominated
Properties: 67.5% act. compd.
Amsperse® FR 51 [Amspec] Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat. and blended fiber
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of decabromodiphenyl oxide and antimony oxide (5:1) fabrics
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for coating syn. or blended Features: Suitable when DBDPO cannot be used
fiber fabrics, and in flock adhesives Properties: 67.5% act.
Properties: 67.5% act. Amsperse® FR 7125 [Amspec]
Amsperse® FR 57E [Amspec] Chem. Descrip.: Emulsion of bromine and antimony contng. compds.
Chem. Descrip.: Emulsion of bromine compd. Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat. and blended fiber
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for syn. fiber fabrics fabrics
Features: Gives clear finish Features: Gives clear, soft finish
Properties: > 95% act. Properties: 70% act.
Amsperse® FR 291 [Amspec] Amsperse® FR 7125M [Amspec]
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of antimony oxide Chem. Descrip.: Emulsion of bromine and antimony contng. compds.
CAS 1309-64-4; EINECS/ELINCS 215-175-0 Uses: Flame retardant for use on syn. fiber fabrics by applic. with binder or
Uses: Flame retardant for use with halogenated binder for nat., syn., or pad/dry heat-set
blended fiber fabrics Features: Gives clear finish
Features: Apply via pad, spray, coat, or foam Properties: 80% act.
Properties: 50 or 80% act. Amsperse® FR 7523 [Amspec]
Amsperse® FR 528 [Amspec] Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of bromine and antimony contg. compds.
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of brominated compd. and antimony oxide Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat., syn., and blended
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat., syn., and blended fiber fabrics
fiber fabrics Features: Gives clear finish
Features: Suitable when DBDPO cannot be used Properties: 67% act.
Properties: 68% act. Amsperse® FR 7525 [Amspec]
Amsperse® FR 546 [Amspec] Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of bromine and antimony contg. compds.
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of brominated compd. and antimony oxide Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for all fabrics or via pad/dry
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder and suitable FR synergist for heat-set for syn. fabrics
nat., syn. or blended fiber fabrics Features: Effective when DBDPO cannot be used
Features: Apply via pad, spray, coat, or foam Properties: 60% act.
Properties: 66% act. Amsperse® FR MP-1 [Amspec]
Amsperse® FR 593 [Amspec] Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of bromine and antimony contg. compds. with latex
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of antimony oxide and non-deca brominated compds. Uses: Flame retardant for coating syn. or blended fiber fabrics, flock adhe-
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for all fabrics or via pad/dry/ sives
heat-set for syn. fabrics Features: Gives clear finish; can be applied by padding or spraying
Features: Effective when DBDPO cannot be used Properties: 33% act.
Properties: 67.5% act. Amsperse® FR ND1L [Amspec]
Amsperse® FR 730 [Amspec] Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of bromine and phosphorus contg. compds.
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of brominated ester Uses: Flame retardant for use with nondurable applic. for nat., syn., and
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex for syn. fabrics blended fabrics
Properties: 50% act. Properties: 39% act.
Amsperse® FR 850 [Amspec] Amsperse® PB 85/75E [Amspec]
Chem. Descrip.: Disp. of brominated compd. Chem. Descrip.: Emulsion of bromine and phosphorus contg. compds.
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for nat., syn., and blended Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder for coating syn. or blended
fiber fabrics fiber fabrics, and in flock adhesives
Features: Suitable when DBDPO cannot be used Properties: 85% act.
Properties: 50% act. Amwet AFX [Am. Emulsions]
Amsperse® FR 960 [Amspec] Uses: Wetting agent for rapid wetting of syn. and natural fibers
Chem. Descrip.: Decabromodiphenyl oxide disp. Properties: Nonionic
CAS 1163-19-5; EINECS/ELINCS 214-604-9 Amwet DAD [Am. Emulsions]
Uses: Flame retardant for use with latex binder and suitable FR synergist for Chem. Descrip.: Ethoxylated alcohol
nat., syn., or blended fiber fabrics Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, penetrant for textile wet processing for natural
Features: Apply via pad, spray, coat, or foam and syn. fibers
Properties: 65% act. Features: Nonrewetting; good wetter for most fibers but exceptionally fast on
Amsperse® FR 1023P [Amspec] cotton
Chem. Descrip.: Decabromodiphenyl oxide and antimony oxide (2:1 or 3:1) Regulatory: DOT nonregulated

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 39


Amwet DOSS 70

Properties: Nonionic lotions, makeup, shampoos, sunscreens, burn aids, pet prods.; hair spray
Amwet DOSS 70 [Am. Emulsions] plasticizer; EP and slip agent for metalworking/rust preventive coatings;
Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sulfosuccinate plasticizer, lubricant in adhesives; in textile lubricants, printing inks; water-
Uses: Wetting agent, penetrant for synthetics, cotton and blends, space proofing agent for leather
dyeing Properties: Pale yel. tenacious, unctuous substance, faint char. odor; m.p.
Features: Fast wetting 36-42 C; iodine no. 18-36
Properties: Anionic Anhydrous Lanolin USP Pharmaceutical [Fanning]
Amwet PTH [Am. Emulsions] Chem. Descrip.: Lanolin
Uses: Wetting agent esp. effective on cotton CAS 8006-54-0; EINECS/ELINCS 232-348-6
Features: Low to mod. foaming props. Uses: Emollient, moisturizer, protective film-former for skin care, baby preps.,
Properties: Anionic pharmaceutical ointments, lipstick, shave cream, protective creams and
Amwet STA-1 [Am. Emulsions] lotions, makeup, shampoos, sunscreens, burn aids, pet prods.; hair spray
Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated fatty ester plasticizer; EP and slip agent for metalworking/rust preventive coatings;
Uses: Wetting agent, rewetting agent, scouring agent for variety of textile plasticizer, lubricant in adhesives; in textile lubricants, printing inks; water-
uses; scouring agent for PP and other syn. fibers proofing agent for leather
Features: Effectively removes tints, oils, and other lubricants to aid further Properties: Pale yel. tenacious, unctuous substance, faint char. odor; m.p.
processing 36-42 C; iodine no. 18-36
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Anhydrous Lanolin USP Superfine [Fanning]
Properties: Anionic/nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Lanolin
Anchor® LR [Tate & Lyle N. Am.] CAS 8006-54-0; EINECS/ELINCS 232-348-6
Chem. Descrip.: Dent corn starch, acid-modified, visc.-modified Uses: Emollient, moisturizer, protective film-former for skin care, baby preps.,
CAS 9005-25-8; EINECS/ELINCS 232-679-6 pharmaceutical ointments, lipstick, shave cream, protective creams and
Uses: Film-former, binder in papermaking, textiles, and adhesives lotions, makeup, shampoos, sunscreens, burn aids, pet prods.; hair spray
Ancowet A-70 [Venchem] plasticizer; EP and slip agent for metalworking/rust preventive coatings;
Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium salt of dinonyl sulfosuccinate in 10% industrial plasticizer, lubricant in adhesives; in textile lubricants, printing inks; water-
alcohol (95/5 ethanol, methanol) and water proofing agent for leather
Uses: Emulsifier, pigment wetting agent/dispersant for agric. pesticides, paper Properties: Pale yel. tenacious, unctuous substance, faint char. odor; m.p.
pulp mfg., water treatment, oil recovery and pollution control, textile auxilia- 36-42 C; iodine no. 18-36
ries, cleaning materials, antimist compds., emulsion polymerization Anhydrous Lanolin USP Ultrafine [Fanning]
Properties: Amber liq.; sl. char. odor; water-sol.: gels form @ > 1%, fully sol. Chem. Descrip.: Lanolin
@ < 1%; sp.gr. 1.08; flash pt. < 55 C; pH 7 (1% sol’n.); 70% act. solids; CAS 8006-54-0; EINECS/ELINCS 232-348-6
anionic Uses: Emollient, moisturizer, protective film-former for skin care, baby preps.,
Toxicology: Skin and eye irritant pharmaceutical ointments, lipstick, shave cream, protective creams and
Precaution: Flamm. lotions, makeup, shampoos, sunscreens, burn aids, pet prods.; hair spray
Storage: 6 mos. shelf life @ 8-25 C plasticizer; EP and slip agent for metalworking/rust preventive coatings;
Ancowet S-60 [Venchem] plasticizer, lubricant in adhesives; in textile lubricants, printing inks; water-
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium salt of dioctyl sulfosuccinate in 15% industrial proofing agent for leather
alcohol (95/5 ethanol/methanol) and water Properties: Pale yel. tenacious, unctuous substance, faint char. odor; m.p.
Uses: Emulsifier, pigment wetting agent/dispersant for agric. pesticides, paper 36-42 C; iodine no. 18-36
pulp mfg., water treatment, oil recovery and pollution control, textile auxilia- Antarox® 17-R-2 [Rhodia HPCII]
ries, cleaning materials and antimist compds., emulsion polymerization Chem. Descrip.: Meroxapol 172
Properties: Sl. amber liq.; sl. char. odor; water-sol.: gels form @ > 2%, fully CAS 9003-11-6
sol. @ < 2%; sp.gr. 1.05; flash pt. < 55 C; pH 7 (1%); 60% act. solids; Uses: Defoamer, dispersant, wetting agent, emulsifier, demulsifier, binder,
anionic stabilizer, gellant, leveling agent, detergent for industrial/household cleaners,
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg; not harmful by ingestion; mildly fermentation, paper processing, rinse aids, automatic dishwashing, metal
toxic by inhalation; eye irritant; sl. irritating to skin; can be harmful if swal- cleaning, cosmetics, textiles, paints, pharmaceuticals; chemical intermedi-
lowed; danger of choking on foam ate
Environmental: 90% biodeg.; prevent entry into drains, sewers, and water Properties: Liq.; sol. in aliphatic solvs.; HLB 8.0; pour pt. -25 C; cloud pt. 39
courses C (1% aq.); 100% conc.; nonionic
Precaution: Flamm.; keep away from ignition sources; burning may evolve Antarox® 25-R-2 [Rhodia HPCII]
toxic fumes of SOx and Na2O Chem. Descrip.: Meroxapol 252
Hazardous Ingreds.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (60%), ethanol (15%), CAS 9003-11-6
methanol (< 1%) Uses: Defoamer, dispersant, wetting agent, emulsifier, demulsifier, binder,
Storage: 1 yr. shelf life @ 8-25 C; store away from heat and ignition sources; stabilizer, gellant, leveling agent, detergent for industrial/household cleaners
avoid low temps. below 4 C which will lead to inc. in visc. and may cause rinse aids, automatic dishwashing, paper processing, metal cleaning, fer-
salt deposition mentation, cosmetics, paper, textiles, paints, pharmaceuticals; chemical
Ancowet S-70PG [Venchem] intermediate
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium salt of dioctyl sulfosuccinate in 15% monopropylene Properties: Liq.; HLB 6.0; pour pt. -5 C; cloud pt. 33 C (1% aq.); 100%
glycol and water conc.; nonionic
Uses: Emulsifier, pigment wetting agent/dispersant for agric. pesticides, paper Antarox® 31-R-1 [Rhodia HPCII]
pulp mfg., water treatment, oil recovery and pollution control, textile auxilia- Chem. Descrip.: Meroxapol 311
ries, cleaning materials and antimist compds., emulsion polymerization CAS 9003-11-6
Properties: Very sl. amber liq.; very sl. char. odor; water-sol.: gels form @ Uses: Defoamer, dispersant, wetting agent, emulsifier, demulsifier, binder,
> 2%, fully sol. @ < 2%; sp.gr. 1.09; flash pt. > 100 C; pH 7 (1% sol’n.); stabilizer, gellant, leveling agent, detergent for industrial/household cleaners
70% solids; anionic rinse aids, automatic dishwashing, paper processing, metal cleaning, fer-
Toxicology: Skin and eye irritant mentation, cosmetics, paper, textiles, paints, pharmaceuticals; chemical
Storage: 1 yr. shelf life @ 8-25 C intermediate
Anhydrous Lanolin USP Cosmetic [Fanning] Properties: Liq.; HLB 4.0; pour pt. 25 C; cloud pt. 25 C (1% aq.); 100%
Chem. Descrip.: Lanolin conc.; nonionic
CAS 8006-54-0; EINECS/ELINCS 232-348-6 Antarox® BL-214 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France]
Uses: Emollient, moisturizer, protective film-former for skin care, baby preps., Chem. Descrip.: Octyl/decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated
pharmaceutical ointments, lipstick, shave cream, protective creams and CAS 68603-25-8

40 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Antiblaze® NT

Uses: Wetting agent, rewetting agent, detergent for metal cleaning, textile ethyl-2-methyl-2-oxido-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl) methyl methyl ester
finishing, industrial/household cleaners (8%)
Properties: Liq.; sol. in water and polar solv.; cloud pt. 14 C (1% aq.); 100% Uses: Flame retardant for thermoplastics, thermosets, epoxies, unfilled ther-
act.; nonionic moplastic polyesters, PC, selected polyamides, reinforced epoxy compos-
Antarox® BL-225 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] ites, PET, polyester fabric; plasticizer for PET
Chem. Descrip.: Octyl/decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated Features: Cost-effective; high efficiency; high phosphorus content; high ther-
CAS 68603-25-8 mal stability; low volatility; compat. with many polymers
Uses: Surfactant, detergent, wetting agent for metal cleaning, rinse aids, Use Level: 8-15% (reinforced epoxy composites), 13-15% (nylon 6), 17-
textiles, floor cleaners 19% (nylon 66)
Features: Low foaming Regulatory: DOT nonrestricted; SARA §311/312/313 nonreportable
Properties: Slightly yel., clear liq.; bland odor; sol. in water and org. solv. Properties: Pale yel. clear liq.; char. odor; misc. with water; m.w. 286.2;
except paraffins; sp.gr. 0.99; visc. 40 cps; cloud pt. 25-29 C; flash pt. 190 sp.gr. 1.26; visc. 4200 cps (70 C); b.p. > 300 C; flash pt. (CC) 249 C;
C (COC); pour pt. < -18 C; surf. tens. 30 dynes/cm (0.1%); 100% act.; 100% act.; 21% P
nonionic Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg; not
Environmental: Biodeg. expected to cause significant irritation to eyes, skin, digestive tract, lungs,
Antarox® BL-240 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] upper respiratory tract, or nose; may cause redness and/or itching of eyes
Chem. Descrip.: Octyl/decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated and skin on overexposure; TSCA listed
CAS 68603-25-8 Environmental: LC50 (daphnia magna, 48 h) > 100 mg/l; not expected to
Uses: Detergent, wetting agent for spray metal cleaning, rinse aids, textiles, cause adverse impact if material reaches waterways; use appropriate con-
floor cleaners tainment to avoid runoff or release to sewer, waterways, or ground
Features: Low foaming Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizers; avoid heat
Properties: Slightly yel. liq.; bland odor; water sol.; sp.gr. 0.99; visc. 35 cps; Hazardous Ingreds.: POx, COx, phosphorus acids; hazardous combustion
cloud pt. 38-42 C; flash pt. 124 C; pour pt. < 21 C; surf. tens. 28 dynes/cm prods.: COx, POx
(0.1%); 100% act.; nonionic NFPA: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
Environmental: Biodeg. Storage: Store in unopened containers under cool, dry conditions, away from
Antarox® EGE 25-2 [Rhodia Canada] acids and oxidizers
Chem. Descrip.: Meroxapol 252 Antiblaze® BQ [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
CAS 9003-11-6 Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium salts of phosphoric and sulfuric acids
Uses: Surfactant, defoamer/foam control agent for pulp/paper industry; dye Uses: Flame retardant for cellulosic fabrics, paper
leveling agent and wetting agent for textile processing Features: Nondurable
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic Antiblaze® CL. [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Antarox® FM 33 [Rhodia HPCII; Rhodia HPCII France] Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium polyphosphate aq. sol’n.
Chem. Descrip.: Alkoxylated alcohol CAS 14728-39-3
Uses: Detergent and wetting agent for liq. detergent formulations, textile Uses: Flame retardant for cellulosic fabrics, paper, particleboard, and timber
processing, latex emulsions, cutting oils Features: Nondurable; 13.1% P
Features: Low foaming Antiblaze® CT [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Properties: Liq.; 99% conc.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Cyclic phosphonate ester
Antarox® L-62 LF [Rhodia HPCII] Uses: Flame retardant for polyester fabrics, backcoating applics.
Chem. Descrip.: EO/PO block copolymer Features: Durable; low visc. version of Antiblaze CU
CAS 9003-11-6 Antiblaze® CU [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Uses: Defoamer, dispersant, wetting agent, emulsifier, demulsifier, leveling Chem. Descrip.: Cyclic phosphonate ester
agent, detergent for industrial/household cleaners, hard surf. cleaning, laun- Uses: Flame retardant for polyester fabrics, backcoating applics.
dry, skin care prods., emulsion polymerization; low foaming scour for textile Features: Durable
applics. Antiblaze® FSD [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Properties: Liq.; HLB 7.0; pour pt. -10 C; cloud pt. 28 C (1% aq.); 100% Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium polyphosphate aq. blend
conc.; nonionic CAS 14728-39-3
Antiblaze® 37 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Flame retardant for wide range of fabrics, incl. blends with high levels
Chem. Descrip.: Org. phosphonate blend of syn. fibers
Uses: Flame retardant for variety of fabrics, esp. polyester and coatings Features: Nondurable
Features: Minimal effect on hand; durable or nondurable depending on applic. Antiblaze® LR2 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Antiblaze® 78 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Chem. Descrip.: Aq. sol’n. of salts of polyphosphoric acid
Chem. Descrip.: Chlorinated phosphonate ester Uses: Flame retardant for cellulosic upholstery fabrics
Uses: Flame retardant for use in rigid and flexible urethanes, bonded foam, Features: Semi-durable; meets Furnishing Std. BS EN1021
semidurable textile applics., and phenolic-based laminates Antiblaze® LR3 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Properties: Liq.; 12% P, 34% Cl Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium polyphosphate
Antiblaze® 100 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] CAS 14728-39-3
Chem. Descrip.: Chlorinated diphosphate ester Uses: Flame retardant for textiles, backcoating systems where limited dura-
CAS 38051-10-4 bility is required
Uses: Flame retardant for virgin and bonded flexible urethane foam, in textiles, Features: Used in combination with a binder system; meets BS EN1021
paper, adhesives, and epoxy and phenolic-based laminates Properties: Powd.
Features: Low volatility; cost-effective means to comply with Cal. 117 and Antiblaze® LR4 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
other flamm. tests Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium polyphosphate
Properties: Liq.; 10.6% P, 36% Cl CAS 14728-39-3
Antiblaze® 125 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Flame retardant for textiles, backcoating systems where limited dura-
Chem. Descrip.: Chlorinated phosphorus ester bility is required
Uses: Flame retardant for bonded flexible urethane foams and fabric backcoatings Features: Used in combination with a binder system; meets BS EN1021
Features: Low visc.; rec. to meet pill test (CPSC FF1-70) and automotive Properties: Powd.; low water-sol.
MVSS 302 stds. Antiblaze® N [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Properties: Liq.; 11.2% P, 34% Cl Chem. Descrip.: Cyclic phosphonate ester
Antiblaze® 1045 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Flame retardant for fabrics and latex binder applics.
Chem. Descrip.: Methylphosphonic acid, bis [(5-ethyl-2-methyl-2-oxido-1,3,2- Features: High performance at reduced loadings in many systems
dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl) methyl] ester (85%), methylphosphonic acid, (5- Antiblaze® NT [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 41


Antiblaze® RD1

Chem. Descrip.: Cyclic phosphonate ester Storage: Exc. storage stability; 12 mos min. shelf life when stored in cool
Uses: Flame retardant for thermosol applic. to polyester fabrics place (60-75 F) in tightly closed containers; protect from freezing; if freezing
Features: Low visc. version of Antiblaze N occurs, thaw and mix thoroughly
Antiblaze® RD1 [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Antifoam CO-350 [Lambent Tech.]
Chem. Descrip.: Org. phosphonate aq. sol’n. Chem. Descrip.: Silicone antifoam
Uses: Flame retardant for variety of fabrics Uses: Antifoam for nonaq. foaming systems, for fermentation, chem. process-
Features: Nondurable; compat. with binders; nonhygroscopic; low-fogging ing, food, pharmaceuticals, paints, adhesives, paper coatings, metalwork-
Antiblaze® TR [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] ing, lubricants, textile processing, petroleum, pulp and paper, cleaning
Chem. Descrip.: Water-based ammonium polyphosphate compds.
CAS 14728-39-3 Regulatory: FDA approved
Uses: Flame retardant for cellulosic textiles, paper, and particleboard Properties: Syrup-like fluid; sol. in amyl acetate, aromatic solvs., 2-
Features: Nondurable; 10.3% P ethylhexanol, kerosene; insol. in water, paraffin oil, glycols, ethanol, metha-
Antiblaze® V6 [Rhodia UK/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] nol, glycerin; sp.gr. 0.968; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; 100% act.
Chem. Descrip.: Chlorinated diphosphate ester Antifoam F-1 [Lambent Tech.]
Uses: Flame retardant for virgin and bonded flexible urethane foam, and in Chem. Descrip.: Simethicone
textiles, paper, adhesives, and epoxy and phenolic-based laminates CAS 8050-81-5
Features: Low volatility; cost-effective means to comply with Cal. 117 and Uses: Antifoam for aq. and nonaq. systems for fermentation, chem. process-
other flamm. tests ing, food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, paints, adhesives, paper coatings,
Properties: Liq.; 10.6% P, 36% Cl metalworking, lubricants, textile processing, petroleum, pulp/paper, cleaning
Antichlor [Mercury] compds.
Uses: Dechlorinating agent for removal of chlorine from water prior to dyeing Regulatory: FDA approved, to 10 ppm max. in final prod.
and as insurance after using sodium hypochlorite sol’n. Properties: Translucent syrup-like compd.; sol. in amyl acetate, aromatic
Properties: Liq. solvs., 2-ethylhexanol, kerosene; insol. in water, paraffin oil, glycols, etha-
Antifoam 116 [Harcros] nol, methanol, glycerin; sp.gr. 0.990; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; 100% act.; nonionic
Uses: Defoamer for aq. paints, inks, and coatings, chem. processing (batch Antifoam FD-62 [Lambent Tech.]
and continuous), textiles and textile finishes, latex adhesives, food-pkg. Chem. Descrip.: Polydimethylsiloxane emulsion
adhesives, food-contact paper coatings, food-contact paper/paperboard, food- CAS 63148-62-9
contact textiles; defoamer for PVAL paper coatings and paper sizers Uses: Antifoam for aq. systems for fermentation, chemical processing, food,
Features: Nonsilicone pharmaceuticals, paints, adhesives, paper coatings, metalworking, lubri-
Use Level: 0.25% on total wt. of system; half added to pigment before cants, textiles, petroleum, pulp/paper applics.
grinding, half added to let down (paints); 0.5-2.0% on wt. of latex solids Regulatory: FDA approved, 100 ppm max. in final prod.
(adhesives) Properties: Wh. creamy emulsion; disp. in water; 1.000; dens. 8.4 lb/gal;
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800 10% act.
Properties: Creamy liq.; sp.gr. 0.86; dens. 7.1 lb/gal; visc. thixotropic @ 77 Antifoam FD-82 [Lambent Tech.]
F; pour pt. ≈ 30 F; flash pt. > 300 F; 100% act.; nil moisture Chem. Descrip.: Polydimethylsiloxane emulsion
Storage: 3 yrs shelf life; if allowed to sit for extended periods, mix before CAS 63148-62-9
using; exc. storage stability in a variety of temps.; store @ R.T. for conve- Uses: Antifoam for aq. systems for fermentation, chem. processing, food,
nient handling; if frozen, allow to warm @ R.T. and mix thoroughly before pharmaceuticals, paints, adhesives, paper coatings, metalworking, lubri-
using cants, textile processing, petroleum, pulp/paper, cleaning compds.
Antifoam 8820 [Harcros] Regulatory: FDA approved, 30 ppm max. in final prod.
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone emulsion Properties: Wh. creamy emulsion; disp. in water; sp.gr. 0.970; dens. 8.1 lb/
Uses: Defoamer for hot tubs, spas, agric. applics., wide variety of other gal; 30% act.
water-based processes and prods., food pkg. adhesives, food-contact pa- Antifoam HL-52 [Harcros]
per coatings/paper/paperboard/cellophane/resin-bonded filters/textiles/animal Uses: Defoamer for aq. paints, inks, and coatings, chem. processing (batch
glue and continuous), textiles and textile finishes, latex adhesives, food-pkg.
Features: Low cost; used as received or prediluted with water or other adhesives, food-contact paper coatings, food-contact paper/paperboard
process liqs. Features: Nonsilicone; passes 3 freeze/thaw cycles
Use Level: Effective as low as 1% silicone solids; 5-100 ppm Use Level: 0.25% on total wt. of system; half added to pigment before
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, grinding, half added to let down (paints); 0.5-2.0% on wt. of latex solids
177.1200, 177.2260, 177.2800, 178.3120; EPA 40CFR §180.1001c,d ex- (adhesives)
empt Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210
Properties: Wh. creamy liq.; readily disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 b/ Properties: Yel. creamy liq.; oil-sol.; sp.gr. 0.87; dens. 7.25 lb/gal; flash pt.
gal; visc. 900-2500 cps; flash pt. (PMCC) > 200 F; pH 4-5 (1% aq.); 20% (PMCC) 200 F; 100% act.; nonionic
act.; nonionic Storage: Exc. storage stability in a variety of temps.; store @ R.T. for
Storage: Exc. storage stability; 12 mos min. shelf life when stored in cool convenient handling; if frozen, allow to warm @ R.T. and mix thoroughly
place (60-75 F) in tightly closed containers; protect from freezing; if freezing before using
occurs, thaw and mix thoroughly Antifoam SFB [Manufacturers Chems.]
Antifoam 8830 [Harcros] Chem. Descrip.: Silicone compd.
Chem. Descrip.: Polydimethylsiloxane emulsion Uses: Antifoam for textile applics. incl. beck dyeing, yarn dyeing, space dye,
Uses: Defoamer for chem. processing, agric., textiles, detergents, cleaners, warp print
pulp/paper, petrol. processing, food pkg. adhesives, food-contact paper coat- Features: Free-rinsing; resists formation of scum
ings/paper/paperboard/cellophane/resin-bonded filters/textiles/animal glue Use Level: 2 oz/100 gal (beck)
Features: Effective over wide pH range in nonionic, cationic, and anionic Properties: Wh. pourable paste; sweet odor; readily dilutable with water,
systems; can be used as received or prediluted with water or other process even under shear conditions; visc. 680 cps; pH 7.5 (1%)
liqs. Storage: Exc. storage stability under normal conditions; avoid freezing
Use Level: 5-100 ppm Antifoam TKO Conc. [Yorkshire Am.]
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.170, 176.180, 176.200, 176.210, Chem. Descrip.: Hydrocarbon blend
177.1200, 177.2260, 177.2800, 178.3120; EPA 40CFR §180.1001c,d ex- Uses: Defoamer for jet dye applics.
empt Features: Exc. dispersion props. and electrolytic stability
Properties: Wh. creamy liq.; readily disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/ Regulatory: DOT nonregulated
gal; visc. 800-2500 cps; flash pt. (PMCC) > 200 F; pH 4-5 (1% aq.); 30% Anti-Migrant 2L [Eastern Color & Chem.]
act.; nonionic Uses: Pigment pad dyeing migration inhibitor for use on cotton and polyester/

42 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Apcosperse D/S

cotton blends Chem. Descrip.: Antimony oxide


Features: Highly effective CAS 1309-64-4; EINECS/ELINCS 215-175-0
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Uses: Flame retardant for thermosets, thermoplastics, engineering resins,
Properties: Water sol. elastomers, wire and cable, textiles, nonwovens, rubber, ceramics, glass,
Antimigrant 100 [Eastman] pigments, paints
Chem. Descrip.: Syn. type Features: Low tinting str. grade for applic. where color matching is critical;
Uses: Antimigrant for most dyes and pigments in continuous textile operations provides min. whiting influence, thus permitting use of smaller amts. of
Properties: Visc. 2000-5000 cps; pH 5.5; 14% solids pigments or dyes
Antimigrant 151 [Eastman] Properties: Wh. fine powd.; 1.6-2.2 µ avg. particle size; 0.1% max. 325-
Chem. Descrip.: Syn. type mesh residue; odorless; sp.gr. 5.2-5.7; m.p. 656 C; b.p. 1456 C; 99.5%
Uses: Antimigrant esp. for slasher dyeing with pigments or dyes Sb2O3
Properties: Visc. 2000-3000 cps; pH 5.5; 12% solids Toxicology: May cause contact dermatitis under hot, humid conditions; avoid
Antimigrant 157 [CHT R. Beitlich Corp.] inh. of dust and ing.
Uses: Antimigrant for continuous dyeing of textiles Antislip ASE [Yorkshire Am.]
Antimigrant 80 [Boehme Filatex Canada] Chem. Descrip.: Antislip compd. blend
Uses: Antimigrant controlling mobility of dye particles in aq. sol’ns. and Uses: Antislip agent for textiles
inhibiting migration of dyestuffs during drying Features: Improves seam slippage and pile retention
Antimigrant C-45 [Yorkshire Am.] Regulatory: DOT nonregulated
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alginate Antistat AJF [Boehme Filatex Canada]
CAS 9005-38-3 Uses: Antistat for fibers and applics.
Uses: Migration inhibitor for dyeing Properties: Cationic
Regulatory: FDA nonregulated Antistat BT [Yorkshire Am.]
Antimigrant C-82 [Yorkshire Am.] Uses: Antistat for natural and syn. fibers and fabrics
Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate Properties: Nonionic
CAS 9003-01-4 Antistat DP-3 [Am. Emulsions]
Uses: Migration inhibitor for continuous dyeing of cotton and polyester cotton Uses: Antistat for syn. fibers
blend fabrics Properties: Cationic
Features: Syn. Antistick 446 [Apollo]
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Chem. Descrip.: Blend of lubricants and compatibilizers
Properties: Anionic Uses: Antistick agent to help eliminate pad buildup and pick-off in textile
Anti-Migrant CAS [Arol Chem. Prods.] finishes
Chem. Descrip.: Proprietary blend of high m.w. polymers and sequestrants Features: Designed to work in finish baths containing resins, softeners, and
Uses: Migration inhibitor with exc. lubricity for applics. such as pigment other finishing chems.
padding and continuous disperse dyeing Antiwick SW [Eastman]
Antimony Oxide Amstar Grade [Amspec] Chem. Descrip.: Syn. type
Chem. Descrip.: Antimony trioxide Uses: Textile aux. for primary print paste thickeners, sharpening print defini-
CAS 1309-64-4; EINECS/ELINCS 215-175-0 tion
Uses: Flame retardant for thermosets, thermoplastics, engineering resins, Properties: Visc. 15,000-20,000 cps; pH 10 (3%)
elastomers, wire and cable, nonwovens, rubber, ceramics, glass, pig- Apcolev 270 [Apollo]
ments, paints, roofing industry, conveyor belts, certain textile applics. such Uses: Leveling agent for acid and premetalized dyes on nylon and wool
as theater blackout curtains fibers, stock, yarn, carpet, and fabric; compatibilizer, antiprecipitant for dyes
Features: Rec. for applics. where color and particle size distribution are not in anionic/cationic systems
important Apcolev HT-265 [Apollo]
Properties: Wh. fine powd.; 1-3 µ avg. particle size; 0.1% max. 325-mesh Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for dyeing polyester with disperse
residue; odorless; sp.gr. 5.2-5.7; m.p. 656 C; b.p. 1456 C; 98% Sb2O3 dyes
Toxicology: May cause contact dermatitis under hot, humid conditions; avoid Features: Allows for one-tone build of shade plus exc. migrating props. @ 265
inh. of dust and ing. F to yield level and uniform dyeings; use in pressure dyeings @ 250-265 F
Antimony Oxide KR Grade [Amspec] eliminates need for carriers that are not environmentally friendly
Chem. Descrip.: Antimony oxide Apcolev MWA [Apollo]
CAS 1309-64-4; EINECS/ELINCS 215-175-0 Uses: Leveling agent for acid and premetalized dyes on nylon; provides exc.
Uses: Flame retardant for thermosets, thermoplastics, engineering resins, leveling and dye migration during dyeing cycle
elastomers, wire and cable, textiles, nonwovens, rubber, ceramics, glass, Apcolev WN [Apollo]
pigments, paints Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for acid and premetalized dyes on
Features: High quality grade; exc. whiteness; high opacity and tinting str. nylon and wool; barré control agent for nylon
Properties: Wh. fine powd.; 0.9-1.3 µ avg. particle size; 0.1% max. 325- Apcoquest ESC [Apollo]
mesh residue; odorless; sp.gr. 5.2-5.7; m.p. 656 C; b.p. 1456 C; 99.5% Uses: Chelating agent for iron, calcium, magnesium, and other metals which
Sb2O3 can affect color, appearance, and stability in textile processing
Toxicology: May cause contact dermatitis under hot, humid conditions; avoid Apcoquest PBF [Apollo]
inh. of dust and ing. Uses: Chelating agent for caustic scouring and bleaching processes
Antimony Oxide KR Grade Superfine [Amspec] Features: Effective in chelating iron, calcium, other metals; complexes iron in
Chem. Descrip.: Antimony oxide caustic and keeps iron in sol’n. on neutralization or dilution
CAS 1309-64-4; EINECS/ELINCS 215-175-0 Apcorez HB [Apollo]
Uses: Flame retardant for thermosets, thermoplastics, engineering resins, Uses: Hand builder which produces a stiff, leathery hand and is also used in
elastomers, wire and cable, textiles, nonwovens, rubber, ceramics, glass, backcoating
pigments, paints, esp. for narrow fiber or thin-film applics. Features: Does not cause roll or clip build-up problems; compat. with wide
Features: High quality grade; sm. particle size variety of resins, softeners, and catalysts
Properties: Wh. fine powd.; 0.1-0.6 µ avg. particle size; 95% min. < 1 µ; Apcosolve AS [Apollo]
0.1% max. 325-mesh residue; odorless; sp.gr. 5.2-5.7; m.p. 656 C; b.p. Uses: Solv. scouring agent for syn. and cellulosic fibers, removing oils,
1456 C; 99.5% Sb2O3 waxes, and other impurities, and producing clean yarn or fabric
Toxicology: May cause contact dermatitis under hot, humid conditions; avoid Features: Low foaming
inh. of dust and ing. Apcosperse D/S [Apollo]
Antimony Oxide LTS Grade [Amspec] Uses: Dyeing assistant, dispersant, scouring agent for cotton and poly/cotton

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 43


Apcowet NSW

blends dyed with fiber reactives or disperse/fiber reactives Apollo™ Stabilizer ES-1 [Apollo]
Features: Keeps hydrolyzed reactive dyes in suspension during the dyeing Uses: Bleaching assistant, peroxide stabilizer for nonsilicate textile systems;
process chelating agent for iron
Apcowet NSW [Apollo] Features: Provides max. peroxide efficiency
Uses: Wetting agent, penetrant for dyeing and finishing processes on syn. and Apollo™ Stabilizer JCO [Apollo]
nat. fibers, and for prescouring at low temps. (100-120 F) and for finishing Uses: Bleaching assistant, peroxide stabilizer for bleaching cotton and poly-
baths ester/cotton blend knit goods; chelating agent for heavy metals (calcium,
Environmental: Biodeg. magnesium, iron, copper, etc.) and silicate scale control
Apex Flameproof 344-HC [Apex] Features: Provides control of peroxide at reduced levels of sodium silicate
Chem. Descrip.: Decabromodiphenyl oxide and antimony trioxide, 2:1 Apollowhite AHB NEW [Apollo]
Uses: Flame retardant for textile processing, for applic. by padding, Uses: Optical brightening agent for cellulosic fibers during peroxide bleaching
backcoating, spraying, printing, or foam coating or in subsequent treatment
Features: General purpose; formaldehyde free, nonhygroscopic, Features: Can be applied by exhaust methods
nonplasticizing, and noncorrosive; dielectrically cool; compat. with most Apollowhite CBO [Apollo]
binders, resins, and other textile auxs. Uses: Optical brightening agent for applic. to cellulosic fibers by exhaustion
Properties: Milky wh. aq. dispersion; < 5 µ particle size; < 1% on 325 mesh; from a peroxide bleach in jet, beck, or pkg. dye machines and for applic. to
sp.gr. 2.0; dens. 16.6 lb/gal; visc. 6000-8000 cps; flash pt. none; pH 8-9; nylon from a bath contg. stabilized hydro
67.5% act.; 37.5% bromine, 18.8% antimony; nonionic Features: Exc. buildup chars.
Apex Flameproof 1694 [Apex] Apyrol BKW [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Chem. Descrip.: Org. bromine Chem. Descrip.: Org. nitrogen-phosphor compd.
Uses: Flame retardant for wool and wool/nylon blends for airline upholstery, Uses: Flame retardant for cellulose fibers
industrial safety clothing, and commercial decorative fabrics Regulatory: DIN 4102 B1 certified
Features: Withstands repeated dry cleanings and std. neutral launderings; Properties: Colorless clear liq.
applied in durable dyebath treatment on yarn, stock, or fabric; enables 100% Apyrol BND [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
wool and blends containing 10-20% nylon to pass all normal test specs. Chem. Descrip.: Compd. based on org. halogen donors, antimony trioxide,
Properties: Clear pale liq.; odorless; instantly sol. in cold or hot water; pH 9- and binding agents
10.5; anionic Uses: Flame retardant for backcoating upholstery fabrics, foam coating applics.
Toxicology: Mild eye irritant; nonprimary skin irritant Properties: Wh. sl. visc.paste
Environmental: Biodeg. Apyrol F 2 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Storage: Stays liq. on prolonged storage; not damaged by freezing; restore to Chem. Descrip.: Mixt. of halogen compds.
R.T. or higher and stir sl. till clear Uses: Flame retardant for all fiber types
Apex Flameproof 1945 [Apex] Features: Nonpermanent
Chem. Descrip.: Ammonium polyphosphate Properties: Colorless clear liq.
CAS 14728-39-3 Apyrol FFD [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Uses: Flame retardant for polyester/cotton blends and 100% polyester fabrics Chem. Descrip.: Mixt. of halogen donors and antimony trioxide
Features: Dry type of hand, nonyellowing, noncorrosive when fabric is in Uses: Flame retardant for paste or foam coatings
contact with metals; durable to repeated dry cleaning but not durable to Features: Highly conc.; contains no binding agent
laundering Properties: Wh. visc. paste
Use Level: 15-25% Apyrol MOD [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Properties: Water wh. liq.; misc. with cold tap water in all proportions; dens. Chem. Descrip.: Compd. based on org. halogen donors, antimony trioxide,
1.20-1.32 kg/l; pH 5.5-6.5; 50% solids; anionic and binding agents
Toxicology: No known toxicity Uses: Flame retardant for backcoating upholstery fabrics, foam coating applics.
Storage: 1 yr max. storage stability Properties: Wh. sl. visc. paste
Apexscour 1600 [Apex] Apyrol PA 1 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, continuous scouring agent for cotton and Chem. Descrip.: Org. thiourea compd.
polyester/cotton fabrics Uses: Flame retardant finish for polyamide
Features: Fast wetting, good detergency and stability in strong alkali sol’ns. Features: Only for use in combination with Apyrol PA 2; stable to washing
Properties: Liq.; water sol. and dry cleaning
Aphrogene 5001 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK] Properties: Wh. powd.
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone emulsion Apyrol PA 2 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Uses: Antifoam for aq. textile dyeing and finishing systems Chem. Descrip.: Org. thiourea compd.
Properties: Liq.; nonionic Uses: Flame retardant finish for polyamide
Apollochlor 200 [Apollo] Features: Only for use with Apyrol PA 1; stable to washing and dry cleaning
Uses: Chelating agent, water softener, chlorine neutralizer for dyeing with Properties: Wh. powd.
directs and fiber reactives to prevent shade change due to chlorine present Apyrol PPL 60 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
in water Chem. Descrip.: Org. nitrogen-phosphor compd.
Features: General purpose Uses: Flame retardant finish for cellulosic fibers for pad applic.
Apollo™ Chlor TS [Apollo] Features: Nonpermanent
Uses: Chlorine neutralizer for use on goods after bleaching with hypochlorite Properties: Clear, transparent liq.
and in metering systems to treat all incoming process water Apyrol PPL 70 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Features: General purpose Chem. Descrip.: Org. nitrogen-phosphor compd.
Apolloscour 951 [Apollo] Uses: Flame retardant finish for cellulosic fibers for pad applic.
Uses: Scouring agent for post-scouring reactives on cotton and cotton blends, Features: Can be combined with fluorocarbon resins
removing hydrolyzed dye for improved fastness and faster cleanup time Properties: Colorless clear liq.
Features: Nonfoaming; exc. for jet machines; non-surface active Apyrol RG-MR [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Apolloscour KBA [Apollo] Chem. Descrip.: Compd. based on org. halogen donors, antimony trioxide,
Uses: Soaping agent, dispersant for removal of surf. hydrolyzed dyes from and binding agents
cotton and cotton/poly blends dyed with fiber reactives; colorfastness im- Uses: Flame retardant for backcoating upholstery fabrics
prover to crocking on sulfur dyes Properties: Wh. sl. visc. paste
Apolloscour SDRS [Apollo] Aquacid-105 EX [Aquapharm]
Uses: Soaping agent, dispersant for removal of surf. hydrolyzed dyes from Chem. Descrip.: Hydroxy ethylidene diphosphonic acid aq. sol’n.
cotton and cotton/poly blends dyed with fiber reactives CAS 2809-21-4; EINECS/ELINCS 220-552-8

44 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Arconate® PC

Uses: Sequestrant, deflocculant, threshold inhibitor for scale prevention/corro- severe stomach distress; TSCA listed
sion inhibition in water treatment, oil field treatment, pulp/paper chems., Environmental: Do not discharge into streams, lakes, ponds, or sewers
leather treatment chems., textile additives Precaution: Avoid heating coagulum above 200 C
Features: Hydrolytic stability Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Hazardous gases/vapors produced are hydro-
Properties: Colorless to pale yel. liq.; sol. in water, phosphoric acid, ethylene gen chloride, CO, org. acids, aldehydes, alcohols
acids and bases; m.w. 206; sp.gr. 1.44 ± 0.02; cryst. pt. < 0 C; 60 ± 1% HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
act. Storage: Good storage stability; use cool ventilated storage; perishable if
Toxicology: Sl. toxic by ing.; pract. nontoxic by skin contact; mod. irritating to frozen; do not store or ship latex in aluminum containers
skin; corrosive to eyes AquaStik™ 2901 [DuPont Dow Elastomers]
Aquacid-106 EX [Aquapharm] Chem. Descrip.: High modulus, fast crystallizing polychloroprene homopoly-
Chem. Descrip.: Diethylene triamine penta (methylene phosphonic acid) aq. mer (45-61%) in an anionic colloidal system (potassium salt of resin acid as
sol’n. emulsifier)
CAS 15827-60-8 Uses: Latex for water-based adhesives for foam adhesives, fabric saturants,
Uses: Sequestrant, deflocculant, threshold inhibitor for water treatment, oil field bonding foam to various substrates
treatment, pulp/paper chems., leather treatment chems., textile additives; Features: Water-based; resist. to low temp. exposure; gives adhesives with
dispersant for solid particles very fast str. development; good mech. stability; fairly good electrolyte
Features: Hydrolytic stability stability; nonflamm.
Properties: Amber liq.; sol. in water; m.w. 573; sp.gr. 1.34 ± 0.04; pH < 2 Regulatory: DOT nonregulated
(1%); 45% min. act. Properties: Milky wh. liq.; mild odor; 0.13 µ avg. particle size; misc. with
Toxicology: Sl. toxic by ing.; pract. nontoxic by skin contact; mod. irritating to water; sp.gr. 1.10 (latex); visc. > 60 cP; pH 12.5; 56-60% solids
skin; corrosive to eyes Toxicology: Repeated/prolonged skin contact may cause irritation, redness,
Aquacid-108 EX [Aquapharm] itching, blisters; eye contact may cause irritation, tearing, pain, blurred
Chem. Descrip.: Aminotrimethylene phosphonic acid aq. sol’n. vision, clouding; highly alkaline; ing. will cause toxic effects to CNS,
CAS 6419-19-8; EINECS/ELINCS 229-146-5 severe stomach distress; TSCA listed
Uses: Sequestrant, deflocculant, threshold inhibitor for water treatment, oil field Environmental: Do not discharge into streams, lakes, ponds, or sewers
treatment, pulp/paper chems., leather treatment chems., textile additives Precaution: Avoid heating coagulum above 200 C
Features: Hydrolytic stability Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Hazardous gases/vapors produced are hydro-
Properties: Lt. to pale yel. liq.; sol. in water, phosphoric acid, ethylene glycol, gen chloride, CO, org. acids, aldehydes, alcohols
most aq. acids and bases; m.w. 299; sp.gr. 1.33 ± 0.02; cryst. pt. < 0 C; HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
pH < 2 (1%); 49 ± 1% act. Storage: Good storage stability; use cool ventilated storage; perishable if
Aquacid-109 EX [Aquapharm] frozen; do not store or ship latex in aluminum containers
Chem. Descrip.: Ethylenediaminetetra (methylene phosphonic acid) Aquazym® 120L [Novozymes A/S]
CAS 1429-50-1 Chem. Descrip.: Bacterial diastase
Uses: Sequestrant, deflocculant, threshold inhibitor for water treatment, oil field CAS 9000-92-4; EINECS/ELINCS 232-567-7
treatment, pulp/paper chems., leather treatment chems., textile additives Uses: Enzyme in textile industry used for starch desizing, denim finishing
Features: Hydrolytic stability Properties: Liq.
Properties: Wh. solid; m.w. 436 (anhyd.); pH < 2 (1%); 91% min. act. Aquis® [Heucotech Ltd]
Toxicology: Pract. nontoxic by ing. and skin contact; sl. irritating to skin; mod. Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant/pigment aq. disp.
irritating to eyes Uses: Colorant for aq. paints and coatings, textiles, latexes, inks, paper
Aqualon® CMC-T [Hercules/Aqualon] Aquonium Yellow [Noveon]
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium CMC, tech. grades Uses: Dye for coloring surgical gowns, drapes, wipes, paper and textile
CAS 9004-32-4; EINECS/ELINCS 265-995-8 dyeing, leather dyeing, inks
Uses: Binder, thickener, stabilizer, suspending agent, film-former, rheology Features: Exc. fastness props. on cellulosics; good applic. on nonwovens;
control agent, water retention aid for adhesives, aerial-drop fluids, ceramics, nonbleeding
coatings, detergents, lithography, paper, textiles, tobacco, food pkg.; surf. Regulatory: FDA approved
treatment to reduce porosity, improve grease/oil holdout, control curl in paper Aranox® [Uniroyal]
at size press or calender; thickener, suspending agent, adhesive props. for Chem. Descrip.: p-(p-Toluenesulfonyl amido) diphenylamine
paper converting operations; talc depressant in frothing/flotation (mining) Uses: Antioxidant protecting EVA and polyamide hot-melt adhesives, PP,
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.180, 182.70 LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE against thermal degradation; antioxidant for CR,
Properties: Water sol.; sp.gr. 1.0068 (2%); bulk dens. 0.75 g/ml; visc. 15-30 NR, SBR and their latexes, EPDM, BR, and IR; antioxidant in fabrics,
cps (CMC-7L3T, 2%), 25-50 (CMC-7LT, 2%, CMC-7L1T, 4%), 80-200 proofing, clothing, lt.-colored sundries, wire insulation
cps (CMC-7L2T, 4%), 300-600 cps (CMC-7MT, 2%), 1600-3100 cps Features: Sl. activating effect on cure; disperses readily; discolors; nonstain-
(CMC-7M31T, 2%); surf. tens. 71 dynes/cm (1%); ref. index 1.3355 ing by migration
(2%); pH 6.5-8.5 (1%) Regulatory: FDA approvals
Aquaprint™ [BASF/Coatings & Colorants] Properties: Gray powd.; sp.gr. 1.32; m.p. 146 C min.
Chem. Descrip.: Aq. pigment disps. Storage: Good storage stability
Uses: Pigment for textile printing and pad dyeing Arconate® PC [Lyondell]
Properties: Anionic Chem. Descrip.: Propylene carbonate
AquaStik™ 2900 [DuPont Dow Elastomers] CAS 108-32-7; EINECS/ELINCS 203-572-1
Chem. Descrip.: High modulus polychloroprene homopolymer (45-61%) in Uses: Solvent with high boiling pt., low toxicity, broad range of applics.;
anionic colloidal system (sodium salt of disproportionated resin acids) reactive diluent for wood binders, urethane foams/coatings/elastomers,
Uses: Latex for water-based adhesives for foam adhesives and fabric satu- foundry sand binders, in textile and syn. fiber industry, natural gas treating,
rant petrol. fraction extraction; in surf. coatings, electrolytes, lubricants for cos-
Features: Water-based; rec. where rapid bond str. development is required; metics; also as accelerator, reactive intermediate, compatibilizer, dispersant,
coagulates under pressure, giving adhesives with good wet str.; very low wetting agent, or scavenger in resin systems
gel; nonflamm. Regulatory: Exempt from Rule 66
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Properties: Sol. 8% in water (20 C); m.w. 102.07; sp.gr. 1.203 (20/20 C);
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; mild odor; 0.2 µm particle size; misc. with water; dens. 10.0 lb/gal (20 C); visc. 6.6 cs (0 F); vapor pressure < 0.1 mm Hg
sp.gr. 1.23; visc. > 200 mP•s; pH > 12; 58% solids (20 C); f.p. -50 C; b.p. 242 C (760 mm); flash pt. (TOC) 270 F; ref. index
Toxicology: Repeated/prolonged skin contact may cause irritation, redness, 1.421 (20 C)
itching, blisters; eye contact may cause irritation, tearing, pain, blurred Toxicology: Pract. nontoxic based on oral and dermal acute testing; moderate
vision, clouding; highly alkaline; ing. will cause toxic effects to CNS, eye irritant, sl. skin irritant

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 45


Arconate® PC 1000

Precaution: May decompose in strong acid or base Properties: APHA 10 max. color; low odor; sol. 100% in water; m.w. 118.2;
Arconate® PC 1000 [Lyondell] sp.gr. 0.880-0.890; dens. 7.4 lb/gal; visc. 2.3 cstk; vapor pressure 2.5 mm
Chem. Descrip.: Propylene carbonate Hg (77 F); b.p. 140 C (760 mm); flash pt. (Seta) 119 F; ref. index 1.410; surf.
CAS 108-32-7; EINECS/ELINCS 203-572-1 tens. 27 dynes/cm
Uses: Solvent for broad range of applics.; reactive diluent for wood binders, Toxicology: Sl. to mod. toxic by ing. or dermal exposure; mod. irritating to
urethane foams and coatings, foundry sand binders, in textile and syn. fiber eyes; can cause skin irritation, esp. on prolonged/repeated exposure; inh. of
industry, natural gas treating; lubricant in cosmetics high vapor concs. causes sensory irritation and sedation; TSCA listed
Features: High boiling pt., low toxicity Precaution: Flamm.
Properties: Amber liq.; mild ether-like odor; m.w. 102.09; sp.gr. 1.203-1.210 HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 2; Reactivity 0
(20/20 C); dens. 10 lb/gal (20 C); visc. 2.4 cps; vapor pressure 0.03 mm Storage: Store in tightly closed, properly vented containers away from heat,
Hg (20 C); f.p. -50 C; i.b.p. 170 C; decomp. pt. 320 F; flash pt. (Seta) 226 sparks, open flame, or strong oxidizing agents; rec. storage in carbon steel
C; ref. index 1.419; pH 4.5-6.5 (10% aq.); 99% min. assay vessels
Arconate® PC-HP [Lyondell] Argoquat [Westbrook Lanolin]
Chem. Descrip.: Propylene carbonate Chem. Descrip.: Multifunctional quat. derived from lanolic acid and dimethyl-
CAS 108-32-7; EINECS/ELINCS 203-572-1 aminopropylamine diamine, diluted with dipropylene glycol and quarternized
Uses: Reactive diluent for wood binders, urethane foams and coatings, with diethyl sulfate
foundry sand binders, in textile and syn. fiber industry, natural gas treating; Uses: Antistat and conditioner for hair care, skin creams, aftershave lotions,
lubricant in cosmetics; polar additive for montmorillonite or bentonite clay and liq. soaps; fabric softener and conditioner; bacteriostat; solubilizer for
gellants; solvent for mascara, lipstick, deodorant, nail polish remover; suit- fragrances
able for certain food-contact applics. Use Level: 1%
Features: High purity; high boiling pt., low toxicity, broad range of applics. Properties: Yel.-amber liq.; sweet odor; sol. in water
Properties: Crystal clear, mild odor; sp.gr. 1.203-1.210 (20/20 C); dens. 10.1 Precaution: Avoid prolonged heating
lb/gal (20 C); visc. 4 cs; vapor pressure 0.02 mm Hg (20 C); f.p. -50 C; Aridye® [BASF/Coatings & Colorants]
b.p. 242 C; flash pt. (TOC) 132 C; ref. index 1.419; pH 6.5-7.5 (10% aq.); Chem. Descrip.: Inorg. aq. pigment disps.
99.6% min. assay Uses: Pigment for textile printing and pad dyeing
Toxicology: Low acute systemic toxicity; may cause mod. skin irritation in Aridye® PAD [BASF/Coatings & Colorants]
undiluted form Chem. Descrip.: Inorg. aq. pigment disps.
Arcosolv® DPNB [Lyondell] Uses: Pigment for textile printing and pad dyeing
Chem. Descrip.: Dipropylene glycol n-butyl ether Aristol A [Pilot]
CAS 29911-28-2 Chem. Descrip.: 70% mono substituted C20-24 benzene
Uses: Solvent for coating resins, cleaners, cosmetics, agric., electronics, Uses: Intermediate for sulfonation to produce dispersants, emulsifiers, rust
inks, textiles, and adhesives; wetting agent; solubilizer; coalescing perfor- preventives, crankcase additives, demulsifiers, ore flotation collectors, tex-
mance in coatings based on acrylic, styrene-acrylic, PVAc; film-former tile chems., degreasers, enhanced oil recovery chems.; used in emulsion
Features: Slow evaporating; good solvency; low volatility; HAPS-free polymerization, lubricating grease mfg., metalworking, cleaners
Regulatory: SARA §313 and CERCLA nonreportable Properties: Lt. color; mild odor; m.w. 450; visc. 34 cSt (100 F); i.b.p. 560 F;
Properties: APHA 20 max. color; mild odor; sol. 5% in water (20 C); sp.gr. pour pt. 65 F; flash pt. (COC) 420 F; dielec. const. 2.1-2.2
0.908-0.915; dens. 7.6 lb/gal; visc. 4.8 cstk; vapor pressure 0.03 mm Hg Aristol B [Pilot]
(77 F); b.p. 215 C (760 mm); flash pt. (Seta) 212 F; ref. index 1.42; surf. Chem. Descrip.: 80% mono substituted C16-18 benzene
tens. 29 dynes/cm Uses: Intermediate for sulfonation to produce dispersants, emulsifiers, rust
Toxicology: Low toxicity by acute oral or dermal exposure; sl. irritating to preventives, crankcase additives, demulsifiers, ore flotation collectors, tex-
eyes; only mildly irritating to skin on repeated exposures; TSCA listed tile chems., degreasers, enhanced oil recovery chems.; used in emulsion
HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 polymerization, lubricating grease mfg., metalworking, cleaners
Storage: Store in tightly closed, properly vented containers away from heat, Properties: Lt. color; mild odor; m.w. 360; visc. 17 cSt (100 F); i.b.p. 660 F;
sparks, open flame, or strong oxidizing agents; rec. storage in carbon steel pour pt. 15 F; flash pt. (COC) 400 F; dielec. const. 2.1-2.2
vessels Custom prod.
Arcosolv® PNB [Lyondell] Aristol E [Pilot]
Chem. Descrip.: Propylene glycol n-butyl ether Chem. Descrip.: 90% disubstituted C13,12 benzene
CAS 5131-66-8; EINECS/ELINCS 225-878-4 Uses: Intermediate for sulfonation to produce dispersants, emulsifiers, rust
Uses: Solvent, coupling agent for coating resins, cleaners, cosmetics, agric., preventives, crankcase additives, demulsifiers, ore flotation collectors, tex-
electronics, inks, textiles, and adhesives; wetting agent; solubilizer; surf. tile chems., degreasers, enhanced oil recovery chems.; used in emulsion
tens. reducer in water-based cleaners polymerization, lubricating grease mfg., metalworking, cleaners
Features: Good solvency; HAPS-free Properties: Lt. color; mild odor; m.w. 420; visc. 29 cSt (100 F); pour pt. -60
Regulatory: SARA §313 and CERCLA nonreportable F; flash pt. (COC) 470 F; dielec. const. 2.1-2.3
Properties: Colorless color; low ether-like odor; sol. 6.4% in water (20 C); Aristol F [Pilot]
sp.gr. 0.874-0.881; dens. 7.3 lb/gal; visc. 3.5 cstk; vapor pressure 0.92 mm Chem. Descrip.: 80% monosubstituted C20-24 benzene
Hg (77 F); b.p. 160 C (760 mm); flash pt. (Seta) 138 F; ref. index 1.42; surf. Uses: Intermediate for sulfonation to produce dispersants, emulsifiers, rust
tens. 26 dynes/cm preventives, crankcase additives, demulsifiers, ore flotation collectors, tex-
Toxicology: Low toxicity by acute oral, dermal, or inh. exposure; mod. tile chems., degreasers, enhanced oil recovery chems.; used in emulsion
irritating to eyes; may cause skin irritation; repeated exposures to high polymerization, lubricating grease mfg., metalworking, cleaners
levels may cause liver injury; TSCA listed Properties: Lt. color; mild odor; m.w. 410; visc. 21 cSt (100 F); i.b.p. 255 F;
Precaution: Combustible flash pt. (COC) 284 F
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 2; Reactivity 0 Aristol G [Pilot]
Storage: Store in tightly closed, properly vented containers away from heat, Chem. Descrip.: 80%+ monosubstituted C16-20 toluene
sparks, open flame, or strong oxidizing agents; rec. storage in carbon steel Uses: Intermediate for sulfonation to produce dispersants, emulsifiers, rust
vessels preventives, crankcase additives, demulsifiers, ore flotation collectors, tex-
Arcosolv® PNP [Lyondell] tile chems., degreasers, enhanced oil recovery chems.; used in emulsion
Chem. Descrip.: Propylene glycol n-propyl ether polymerization, lubricating grease mfg., metalworking, cleaners
CAS 1569-01-3 Properties: M.w. 344-384
Uses: Coalescing solvent for coatings, cleaners, cosmetics, agric., electron- Aristol X [Pilot]
ics, inks, textiles, and adhesives; wetting agent; solubilizer Chem. Descrip.: Monosubstituted C12 ortho xylene
Features: Low volatility; HAPS-free Uses: Intermediate for sulfonation to produce dispersants, emulsifiers, rust
Regulatory: SARA §313 nonreportable preventives, crankcase additives, demulsifiers, ore flotation collectors, tex-

46 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Arolev IDD

tile chems., degreasers, enhanced oil recovery chems.; used in emulsion paint
polymerization, lubricating grease mfg., metalworking, cleaners Properties: Gardner 7 flake; water-insol.; sp.gr. 0.52 (100 C); m.p. 99-109 C;
Properties: Lt. color; mild odor; m.w. 275; visc. 16 cSt (100 F); i.b.p. 518 F; iodine no. 3; flash pt. 225 C; 90% act.
flash pt. (COC) 284 F Armid® C [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Custom prod. Chem. Descrip.: Cocamide
Aristonate H [Pilot] CAS 61789-19-3; EINECS/ELINCS 263-039-4
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium petrol. sulfonate Uses: Internal lubricant and slip agent for processed plastics, coatings, and
CAS 78330-12-8 films; builder, visc. stabilizer, and foam booster/stabilizer in syn. detergents,
Uses: Surfactant for formulating dry cleaning soaps, cutting oils, textile oils, cosmetics; water repellent for textiles
leather oils, rust preventive and fuel oil compositions; ore flotation collectors; Properties: Gardner 10 flake; insol. in water; sp.gr. 0.845 (100 C); m.p. 85 C;
emulsifier for agric. sprays iodine no. 10; flash pt. 174 C; 90% act.
Properties: Liq.; 62% conc.; anionic Armid® HT [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB; Lion]
Aristonate L [Pilot] Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogenated tallow amide
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium petrol. sulfonate CAS 61790-31-6; EINECS/ELINCS 263-123-0
CAS 78330-12-8 Uses: Antiblock, lubricant, slip agent for plastics, coatings, films; builder, visc.
Uses: Surfactant for formulating dry cleaning soaps, cutting oils, textile oils, stabilizer, foam booster/stabilizer in syn. detergents; water repellent for tex-
leather oils, rust preventive and fuel oil compositions; ore flotation collectors; tiles; improves dye sol. in inks, dyes; intermediate for syn. waxes; pigment
emulsifier for agric. sprays dispersant; antifoam in steam generator systems; lubricant additive; auxil-
Properties: Liq.; 62% conc.; anionic iary for rubber processing; personal care prods.; wax and lubricant for
Aristonate L-LF [Pilot] thermosensitive papers
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkylaryl sulfonate Properties: Gardner 7 flakes, powd. 99% -60 mesh; m.w. 277; insol. in
Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier, dispersant for oil-sol. applics., metalworking; water; sp.gr. 0.851 (100 C); visc. 16 cps; m.p. 98-103 C; iodine no. 5; flash
emulsifier for sol. oils, w/o or o/w emulsions, textile oils, spindle oils, cutting pt. 225 C; 90% act.
oils, grinding oils, parts cleaners; lubricant for textile industry imparting Armid® O [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB; Lion]
lubricity and heat dissipation to metal parts where high speed contact with Chem. Descrip.: Oleamide
fibers creates heat buildup and wear CAS 301-02-0; EINECS/ELINCS 206-103-9
Features: Low foaming; compat. with wide range of solvs., sec. emulsifiers, Uses: Internal lubricant and slip agent for processed plastics, coatings, and
coupling agents, bactericides, antioxidants, and corrosion inhibitors films; builder, visc. stabilizer, and foam booster/stabilizer in syn. detergents;
Properties: Dk. brn. clear mod. visc. liq.; m.w. 400; oil-sol.; 60% act.; 5% water repellent for textiles; release agent in cosmetics; penetrant in paper
max. water manufacture; wax and lubricant for thermosensitive paper
Aristonate M [Pilot] Properties: Gardner 7 flake, solid; bland odor; m.w. 279; sol (g/100 ml solv.
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium petrol. sulfonate with heating) 59 g in 95% IPA; 30 g in 95% ethanol; 15 g in acetone and
CAS 78330-12-8 trichloroethylene; 11 g in ethyl acetate and MIBK; insol. in water; sp.gr.
Uses: Surfactant for formulating dry cleaning soaps, cutting oils, textile oils, 0.830 (100 C); visc. 25 cps; m.p. 68 C; iodine no. 92; flash pt. 207 C; 90%
leather oils, rust preventive and fuel oil compositions; ore flotation collectors; act.
emulsifier for agric. sprays Armosoft® L [Akzo Nobel]
Properties: Liq.; 62% conc.; anionic Chem. Descrip.: Ditallow dimonium chloride
Arite [Consos] CAS 68783-78-8; EINECS/ELINCS 272-207-6
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium hexametaphosphate Uses: Lubricant, fabric softener for household and commercial use
CAS 10124-56-8; EINECS/ELINCS 233-343-1 Properties: Gardner 6 hazy to clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.85 (100 F); dens. 7.09 lb/gal;
Uses: Chelating agent, corrosion inhibitor, and water softener for complexing visc. 45.5 cps (120 F); pour pt. 70-75 F; pH 6-9; 75% act. in IPA.; cationic
calcium, magnesium, iron, and copper salts while preventing precipitation of Armul™ 910 [Witco]
lime soaps Chem. Descrip.: Alkylphenol PEG ether
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated Uses: Wetting agent for wettable powds., clays; dust control modifier; lime
Properties: Liq. soap dispersant; detergents; visc. builders; for pulp/paper and textile indus-
Arite Liquid [Consos] tries
Uses: Chelating agent, corrosion inhibitor, and water softener for complexing Properties: Liq.; HLB 12.9; 100% conc.; nonionic
calcium, magnesium, iron, and copper salts while preventing precipitation of Armul™ 912 [Witco]
lime soaps in textile applics. Chem. Descrip.: Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol
Features: Predissolved form of Arite; conc. CAS 9016-45-9
Arkofil Grades [Clariant] Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier, detergent for textile processing, cosmetics
Chem. Descrip.: Syn. polymers with special additives Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; HLB 14.1; 100% conc.; nonionic
Uses: Sizing agent for spun yarns Armul™ 1007 [Witco]
Properties: Dustfree gran. Chem. Descrip.: PEG ether of straight chain fatty alcohol
Arkofix Grades [Clariant; Clariant Switzerland] Uses: Detergent, intermediate wetting agent for paints, oil field, textiles
Chem. Descrip.: Reactant and self-crosslinking resins Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; HLB 13.1; 100% conc.; nonionic
Uses: For textile finishing Armul™ 1009 [Witco]
Properties: Liq. Chem. Descrip.: PEG ether of straight chain fatty alcohol
Arlatone® T [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK] Uses: Detergent, intermediate wetting agent for paints, oil field, textiles
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 sorbitan peroleate Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; HLB 13.7; 100% conc.; nonionic
Uses: Emulsifier, solubilizer, antistat, lubricant, spreading agent for bath oils, Arolev HPM [Arol Chem. Prods.]
household prods., textiles Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant/high flash solv. blend
Properties: Yel. liq.; sol. in veg., min. oils, IPM, IPP; water disp.; sp.gr. 1; Uses: Leveling agent for carrier-less dyeing on polyesters; lubricant
visc. 175 cps; HLB 9.5; flash pt. > 300F; 100% act.; nonionic Features: Low foaming
Armid® 18 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Use Level: 3-8% ow
Chem. Descrip.: Stearamide, antiblock agent Properties: Clear to sl. hazy liq.; forms stable blue-wh. emulsion @ 5% in
CAS 124-26-5; EINECS/ELINCS 204-693-2 tap water; sp.gr. 0.962 g/cc; dens. 8.03 lb/gal; flash pt. (COC) 130 F; pH
Uses: Internal lubricant and slip agent for processed plastics, coatings, and 8.2 ± 0.3; 47% solids; nonionic
films; builder, visc. stabilizer, and foam booster/stabilizer in syn. detergents, Precaution: Combustible
cosmetics; water repellent for textiles; improves dye solubility in printing Arolev IDD [Arol Chem. Prods.]
inks, dyes, carbon paper coatings, and fusible coatings for glassware and Chem. Descrip.: Blend
ceramics; intermediate for syn. waxes; pigment dispersant; thickener for Uses: Leveling agent for dyeing with disperse and direct dyes on polyester,

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 47


Arolev MTR-7

cotton, and blends; wetting agent; emulsifier Chem. Descrip.: Sulfated fatty acid ester
Properties: Pale yel. liq., mild odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.01 g/cc; pH 7.3 ± Uses: Wetting agent, rewetting agent, lubricant for textile dyeing operations;
0.5; nonionic/amphoteric dye leveling agent; emulsifier for solv. systems
Arolev MTR-7 [Arol Chem. Prods.] Properties: Dark amber clear oil; sol. in water and many org. solvs.; sp.gr.
Uses: Leveling agent, dye dispersant, lubricant for piece dyeing, yarn dye- 1.02; dens. 8.6 lb/gal; pH 7 ± 1; Draves wetting 20 s (0.125%); 64 ± 1%
ing, atmospheric or pressure equip.; synergistic with polyester dye carriers act.
Features: Low foaming Arosulf SCO-75% [Arol Chem. Prods.]
Properties: Amber clear to sl. hazy visc. liq., mild odor; sol. in warm water; Chem. Descrip.: Castor oil deriv.
pH 7.5 ± 0.5; nonionic Uses: Textile processing auxiliary, bleaching agent, leveling agent, dyeing
Arolube MIT-1 [Arol Chem. Prods.] assistant, emulsifier, finishing agent; also for industrial waxes, polishes,
Chem. Descrip.: Ethoxylates blend paints
Uses: Softener, lubricant, crack mark inhibitor for all fibers for dye bath, bleach Properties: Clear to lt. amber oil; sp.gr. 1.045 ± 0.005; dens. 8.7 lb/gal; pH
bath, scouring bath; leveling agent 6.8 ± 0.5; 75% act.
Features: Stable under high temp. and pressure Arosurf® TA-100 [Goldschmidt]
Use Level: 0.5-2.0 Chem. Descrip.: Distearyl dimonium chloride
Properties: Milky-wh. thin liq., mild odor; disp. in water water; pH 6.0-6.5; CAS 107-64-2; EINECS/ELINCS 203-508-2
anionic/nonionic Uses: Fabric softener conc., antistat, conditioner for home and commercial
Aromox® C/12 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] laundry and textile processing; personal care prods.; antistatic coating for
Chem. Descrip.: Dihydroxyethyl cocamine oxide, IPA ABS, acrylic, cellulosics, nylon, polyacetal, PP, PS, PVC
Uses: Wetting agent, emulsifier, stabilizer, antistat, foaming agent for deter- Properties: Wh. powd.; water-disp.; m.w. 583; flash pt. (PMCC) > 200 F;
gents, shampoos, cosmetics, textiles, metal plating, petrol. additives, paper, 95% act.; cationic
plastics, rubber; hair conditioner Arosurf® TA-101 [Goldschmidt]
Properties: Gardner 2 clear liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 0.949; visc. 52 cp; cloud Chem. Descrip.: Distearyl dimonium chloride, modified
pt. 18 F; flash pt. (PMCC) 22 C; pour pt. 0 F; surf. tens. 33 dynes/cm CAS 107-64-2; EINECS/ELINCS 203-508-2
(0.1%); 50% act. in aq. IPA; cationic Uses: Fabric softener, antistat for commercial and institutional laundries;
Toxicology: Prolonged contact may cause severe burns to eyes and severe reduces static and wrinkling, making fabric easier to iron; also for personal
skin irritation care prods.
Environmental: Biodeg. Properties: Wh. flowable powd.; disp. in cool water; bulk dens. 24 lb/ft3; flash
Precaution: Flamm. pt. (PMCC) > 200 F; 100% solids; cationic
Aromox® C/12-W [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Arowet 70 E [Arol Chem. Prods.]
Chem. Descrip.: Dihydroxyethyl cocamine oxide Chem. Descrip.: Sulfonated ester
CAS 61791-47-7; EINECS/ELINCS 263-180-1 Uses: Wetting/rewetting agent, penetrant for textile processing, desizing,
Uses: Surfactant, wetting agent, emulsifier, stabilizer, antistat, foaming agent scouring, bleaching, level dyeing and printing, finishing operations
for detergents, shampoos, cosmetics, textiles, metal plating, petrol. addi- Properties: Water-wh. to faint amber liq., mildly alcoholic odor; sol. in warm
tives, paper, plastics, rubber; gel sensitizer for latex foam; hair conditioner water; pH 6.5 (0.5%); 70% act.; anionic
Properties: Gardner 4 max. clear liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 0.997; visc. 2097 Arowet S [Arol Chem. Prods.]
cp; HLB 18.4; pour pt. 35 F; flash pt. nonflamm.; surf. tens. 30.8 dynes/cm Chem. Descrip.: Blend of sulfonated esters
(0.1%); 40% act. in water; cationic Uses: Fast wetting agent and dyeing assistant for skein and pkg. work in
Toxicology: Prolonged contact may cause severe burns to eyes and severe textile industry
skin irritation Features: Stable to hard water
Environmental: Biodeg. Properties: Amber clear liq.; sol. in warm water; sp.gr. 1.03; pH 6-7 (1%);
Arosoft GSE-D [Arol Chem. Prods.] anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Ethoxylated glyceride plus esters Arowet SC-75 [Arol Chem. Prods.]
Uses: Softener and lubricant for cotton and other textile fibers, yarns, and Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate
fabrics CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4
Features: Imparts full, soft hand with exc. drape Uses: Fast wetting agent, penetrant, and dyeing assistant for mild acidic or
Arosolve RCB [Arol Chem. Prods.] alkaline textile processing; dye leveling agent
Chem. Descrip.: Low-foaming emulsifiers/aromatic petrol. distillate/biphenyl Use Level: < 2% ow
blend Properties: Colorless to lt. yel. clear liq., mild alocholic odor; sp.gr. 1.085-
Uses: Solvent carrier for use on syn. fabrics and their blends 1.095 g/cc; flash pt. (PMCC) 103 F; pH 5-7; 27-31% volatile (105 C);
Features: Low foaming for high shear jets anionic
Properties: Lt. yel. to pale amber liq., mild naphthenic odor; sol. in warm Precaution: Combustible
water to stable blue-wh. emulsion; dens. 8.15 lb/gal; flash pt. (PMCC) 130 Arozyme TD [Arol Chem. Prods.]
F; pH 6-7; anionic/nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Alpha amylase
Precaution: Combustible CAS 9000-92-4; EINECS/ELINCS 232-567-7
Arosolve VNO-LF [Arol Chem. Prods.] Uses: Enzyme, textile desizing agent
Uses: Polyester dye carrier imparting levelness and depth of shade to syn. Features: Thermo-stable
fabrics dyed with disperse dyes Arquad® 2C-70 Nitrite [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Features: Low foaming Chem. Descrip.: Dicoco nitrite, methanol/isopropanol
Properties: Pale yel. to lt. amber thin liq., mild aromatic odor; sp.gr. 1.05 g/cc; Uses: Surfactant, dispersant for protective coatings, pigments, inks, textiles,
dens. 8.76 lb/gal; flash pt. 115 F; pH 6.6 agric., acid pickling baths, marine applics, metalworking, electroplating, fuel
Precaution: Combustible treatment, emulsion/plastic mfg., wastewater treatment, min. processing,
Arosolve XNF-1 [Arol Chem. Prods.] paper
Chem. Descrip.: Solvs./low foaming detergent blend Properties: Gardner 14 max. liq.; sol. in alcohols, benzene, chloroform,
Uses: Pressure jet solvent scouring agent for difficult grease, graphite and oil CCl4; disp. in water; pH 6-8.5; flash pt. (PMCC) 20 C; 68-72% quat. in
stains on polyester, nylon and other syn. and natural fibers; general degreaser methanol/IPA
and tar remover Environmental: Biodeg.
Features: Low foaming; stable to most acids and alkalis Precaution: Flamm.
Use Level: 2-6% ow Arquad® 2C-75 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Properties: Clear liq.; disp. in warm water; sp.gr. 0.91; dens. 7.6 lb/gal; pH Chem. Descrip.: Dicocodimonium chloride, aq. IPA
7.5-8.0; 95+% act.; nonionic Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor,
Arosulf SBO-65 [Arol Chem. Prods.] softener, dyeing aid, antistat for textiles, paper, cosmetics, industrial, agric.,

48 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Arquad® HTL8(W) MS-85

plastics, petrol., acid pickling baths; bactericide; algicide; hair conditioner agric., acid pickling baths, marine applics, metalworking, electroplating, fuel
Properties: Gardner 7 semiliq.; sol. in alcohols, propylene glycol, benzene, treatment, emulsion/plastic mfg., wastewater treatment, min. processing,
chloroform, CCl4; disp. in min. oil, IPM; insol. in water; m.w. 447; sp.gr.0.89; paper
HLB 11.4; pour pt. 10 F; flash pt. (PMCC) 26 C; pH 6-9; surf. tens. 30 Properties: APHA 180 max. liq.; sol. in alcohols, benzene, chloroform, CCl4;
dynes/cm (0.1%); 75% act. in aq. IPA; cationic disp. in water; pH 7-9; flash pt. (PMCC) 57 C; 50% quat. in aq. ethanol;
Environmental: Biodeg. cationic
Precaution: Flamm. Environmental: Biodeg.
Arquad® 12-37W [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Precaution: Flamm.
Chem. Descrip.: Laurtrimonium chloride Arquad® 218-75 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
CAS 112-00-5; EINECS/ELINCS 203-927-0 Chem. Descrip.: Dioctadecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, aq. IPA
Uses: Emulsifier; corrosion inhibitor; textile softener, antistat; hair conditioner Uses: Surfactant, dispersant for protective coatings, pigments, inks, textiles,
and combing aid emulsifier agric., acid pickling baths, marine applics, metalworking, electroplating, fuel
Properties: Gardner 2 max. liq.; sol. in water, alcohols, chloroform, CCl4; pH treatment, emulsion/plastic mfg., wastewater treatment, min. processing,
6.5-9; nonflamm.; 35-39% quat. in water; cationic paper; hair conditioner
Environmental: Biodeg. Properties: Gardner 3 max. paste; sol. in alcohols, benzene, chloroform,
Arquad® 12-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] CCl4; disp. in water; pH 6-9; flash pt. (Seta) 44 C; 74-77% quat. in aq. IPA
Chem. Descrip.: Laurtrimonium chloride, IPA Environmental: Biodeg.
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor, Precaution: Flamm.
softener, dyeing aid, antistat for textiles, paper, cosmetics, industrial, agric., Arquad® B-100 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
plastics, petrol., acid pickling baths; bactericide, algicide; gel sensitizer for Chem. Descrip.: Benzalkonium chloride, aq. IPA
latex foam; hair conditioner improving wet combing Uses: Antimicrobial for industrial applics., sec. oil recovery, textiles, cosmet-
Properties: Gardner 1 max. liq.; sol. in water, IPA, propylene glycol, chloro- ics, pharmaceuticals, sanitizers
form, CCl4; insol. in min. oil, IPM; m.w. (act.) 263; sp.gr. 0.89; f.p. 13 F; Properties: Gardner 2 liq.; sol. in acetone, alcohol, most polar solvs., water;
HLB 17.1; flash pt. (PMCC) 19 C; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); surf. tens. 33 dynes/ m.w. 380; sp.gr. 0.967; pour pt. 0 F; flash pt. (PMCC) 32 C; pH 7-8; 50%
cm (0.1%); 50% act. in aq. IPA; cationic act. in aq. IPA; cationic
Environmental: Biodeg. Environmental: Biodeg.
Precaution: Flamm. Precaution: Flamm.
Arquad® 16-29 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Arquad® C-33W [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Chem. Descrip.: Cetrimonium chloride Chem. Descrip.: Cocotrimonium chloride
CAS 112-02-7; EINECS/ELINCS 203-928-6 CAS 61789-18-2; EINECS/ELINCS 263-038-9
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor, Uses: Emulsifier; corrosion inhibitor; textile softener, antistat; hair conditioning
antistat for textiles, cosmetics, industrial, agric.; bactericide; algicide; hair and combing aid emulsifier; emulsion-break retardant in cosmetics
conditioner Properties: Gardner 4 max. liq.; sol. in water, IPA, propylene glycol, chloro-
Properties: Gardner 3 max. liq.; sol. in water, IPA, propylene glycol; insol. form, CCl4; insol. in min. oil, IPM; sp.gr. 0.96; f.p. -3 C; flash pt. nonflamm.;
in min. oil, IPM; m.w. (act.) 319; sp.gr. 0.96; f.p. 61 F; HLB 15.8; flash pt. pH 5-8; 32-35% act. in water; cationic
nonflamm.; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); 29% act. in water; cationic Environmental: Biodeg.
Environmental: Biodeg. Arquad® C-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Arquad® 16-29W [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Chem. Descrip.: Cocotrimonium chloride, IPA
Chem. Descrip.: Cetrimonium chloride Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor,
CAS 112-02-7; EINECS/ELINCS 203-928-6 softener, dyeing aid, antistat for textiles, paper, cosmetics, industrial, agric.,
Uses: Emulsifier; corrosion inhibitor; textile softener, antistat; hair conditioner plastics, petrol., acid pickling baths; bactericide, algicide; gel sensitizer for
and combing aid emulsifier latex foam; hair conditioner improving wet combing
Properties: Gardner 3 max. liq.; sol. in water, alcohols, chloroform, CCl4; pH Properties: Gardner 4 max. liq.; sol. in water, alcohols, chloroform, CCl4;
6-9; nonflamm.; 27-30% quat. in water; cationic m.w. (act.) 278; sp.gr. 0.89; f.p. 5 F; HLB 16.5; flash pt. (PMCC) 20 C; pH
Environmental: Biodeg. 5-8 (10% aq.); surf. tens. 31 dynes/cm (0.1%); 50% act. in aq. IPA;
Arquad® 16-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Cetrimonium chloride, IPA Environmental: Biodeg.
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor, Precaution: Flamm.
softener, dyeing aid, antistat for textiles, paper, cosmetics, industrial, agric., Arquad® DM14B-90 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
plastics, petrol., acid pickling baths; bactericide, algicide; rubber to textile Chem. Descrip.: Myristyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride dihydrate
bonding agent; hair conditioner CAS 139-08-2; EINECS/ELINCS 205-352-0
Properties: Gardner 3 max. liq.; sol. in water, IPA, propylene glycol, chloro- Uses: Bactericide, fungicide, germicide, disinfectant for cosmetics, textiles,
form, CCl4; insol. in min. oil, IPM; m.w. (act.) 319; sp.gr. 0.88; f.p. 61 F; soil stabilization
HLB 15.8; flash pt. (PMCC) 17 C; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); surf. tens. 34 dynes/ Properties: Wh. powd.; 90% act.; cationic
cm (0.1%); 49-52% quat. in aq. IPA; cationic Environmental: Biodeg.
Environmental: Biodeg. Arquad® DMCB-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Precaution: Flamm. Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl (C12,C14,C16) dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride
Arquad® 18-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] CAS 8001-54-5
Chem. Descrip.: Steartrimonium chloride, IPA Uses: Antistat, flocculant, emulsifier, softener, corrosion inhibitor for cosmet-
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor, ics, soil stabilization, textiles; fabric softener; fungicide; bactericide
softener, dyeing aid, antistat for textiles, paper, cosmetics, industrial, agric., Properties: Liq.; 50% act.; cationic
plastics, petrol., acid pickling baths; bactericide, algicide; dye leveling agent; Environmental: Biodeg.
visc. stabilizer; in lubricant compding.; hair conditioner Arquad® DMHTB-75 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Properties: Gardner 3 max. liq.; sol. in IPA, propylene glycol, chloroform, Chem. Descrip.: Hydrogenated tallow dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride,
CCl4; disp. in water; insol. in min. oil, IPM; m.w. (act.) 347; sp.gr. 0.88; aq. IPA
HLB 15.7; flash pt. (Seta) 18 C; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); surf. tens. 34 dynes/cm Uses: Bactericide, disinfectant, softener for textiles
(0.1%); 50% act. in aq. IPA; cationic Properties: Gardner 4 max. soft paste; sol. in water, alcohols, acetone; f.p. 60
Environmental: Biodeg. C; flash pt. (Seta) 23 C; pH 7-9; 75% act. in aq. IPA
Precaution: Flamm. Environmental: Biodeg.
Arquad® 210-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Precaution: Flamm.
Chem. Descrip.: Didecyl dimonium chloride, aq. ethanol Arquad® HTL8(W) MS-85 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Uses: Surfactant, dispersant for protective coatings, pigments, inks, textiles, Chem. Descrip.: 2-Ethylhexyl hydrogenated tallowalkyl methosulfate

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 49


Arquad® S2C-50

Uses: Surfactant, dispersant for protective coatings, pigments, inks, textiles, Arristan AC [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
agric., acid pickling baths, marine applics, metalworking, electroplating, fuel Uses: Finishing agent for all kinds of fibers, increasing wearing resist. and
treatment, emulsion/plastic mfg., wastewater treatment, min. processing, filling effect, preventing edges from rolling up, and decreasing pilling; anticrease
paper and antishrink finish
Regulatory: EPA listed Features: Very stable to washing processes at the boil
Properties: Gardner 5 max. liq.; sol. in alcohols, benzene, chloroform, CCl4; Arristan ACS [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
disp. in water; flash pt. nonflamm.; pH 4.5-6; 81.5-84.5% quat. in water; Uses: Binder for fiber bonding, e.g., of nonwovens, harsh film formation; filling
cationic and stiffening finishing agent for all kinds of fibers
Environmental: Biodeg. Features: After heat treatment, produces med. harsh to harsh films which are
Arquad® S2C-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] insol. in org. solvs. and very stable to washing processes at the boil
Chem. Descrip.: 1:1 Mixt. of oleyltrimethyl ammonium chloride and Arristan GW [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
dicocodimethyl ammonium chloride Uses: Stiffener, filler, finishing agent providing full, elastic handle and good
Uses: Bactericide, wetting agent, corrosion inhibitor for oil recovery, cosmet- washfastness
ics, textiles Features: Does not cause any post-yellowing, even on wh. fabrics
Properties: Gardner 10 max. liq.; sp.gr. 9.87; HLB 13.5; f.p. -15 C; pH 5-8; Use Level: 2-10 g/l (filling finish of garments, washing machine, winch beck);
50-55% act.; cationic 10-50 g/l (filling finish/finish providing a certain handle, pad)
Environmental: Biodeg. Arristan PMD [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Arquad® S-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Chem. Descrip.: Modified polyurethane
Chem. Descrip.: Soytrimonium chloride, IPA Uses: Finishing agent for padding process for addition to final finish of textiles,
Uses: Emulsifier; corrosion inhibitor; textile softener, antistat; hair conditioning producing very soft, resilient films; antipilling agent, anticrease agent in resin
and combing aid emulsifier; bitumen emulsions; slime control agent in water finishing
systems Features: Self-crosslinking
Properties: Gardner 5 max. liq.; sol. in IPA, propylene glycol, chloroform, Use Level: 20-100 g/l
CCl4; disp. in water; insol. in min. oil, IPM; m.w. 343; sp.gr. 0.89; HLB Properties: Sl. anionic
15.6; f.p. 20 C; flash pt. (PMCC) 16 C; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); surf. tens. 34 Arristan Binder RE [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
dynes/cm (0.1%); 49-52% act. in IPA; cationic Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic acid ester disp.
Environmental: Biodeg. Uses: Aftertreatment binder for fixing pigment dyeings in the continuous
Precaution: Flamm. process to improve washfastness and rubbing fastness
Arquad® T-27W [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Features: Thermally self-crosslinking
Chem. Descrip.: Tallow trimonium chloride Use Level: 40-100 g/l (continous); 1-2% (discontinous)
CAS 8030-78-2; EINECS/ELINCS 232-447-4 Properties: Liq.; cationic
Uses: Emulsifier, foaming agent, wetting agent, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor, Arylan® SX85 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
softener, dyeing aid, antistat for textiles, paper, cosmetics, industrial, agric., Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate
plastics, petrol., acid pickling baths; bactericide; algicide; hair conditioner/ CAS 25155-30-0; EINECS/ELINCS 246-680-4
antistat Uses: Heavy-duty industrial detergent for industrial cleaning, hard surf. clean-
Features: Imparts mod. improvement in combing props. ing, textile scouring; base surfactant for powd. detergents; wetting agent for
Properties: Gardner 3 max. liq.; sol. in water, alcohols, chloroform, CCl4; powds.; emulsifier for emulsion polymerization
m.w. 343; HLB 14.2; flash pt. nonflamm.; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); 26-29% act. Properties: Off-wh. powd., mild odor; water-sol.; bulk dens. 0.50 g/cc; pH
in water; cationic 9.5 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 35 dynes/cm (0.1%); 85% act.; anionic
Environmental: Biodeg. Toxicology: Avoid inhalation of dust, exposure to eyes
Arquad® T-50 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB; Lion] ASP® 072 [Engelhard]
Chem. Descrip.: Tallowtrimonium chloride, aq. IPA Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate
Uses: Emulsifier; corrosion inhibitor; textile softener, antistat; hair conditioning Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%)
and combing aid emulsifier; mfg. of antibiotics; gel sensitizer for latex foam CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8
Properties: Gardner 4 max. liq.; sol. in IPA, propylene glycol, chloroform, Uses: Extender pigment in paints (improves suspension of other pigments);
CCl4; disp. in water; insol. in min. oil, IPM; m.w. 340; sp.gr. 0.881; HLB in adhesives for corrugated board, laminated fiber board, paper bag seams,
14.2; pour pt. 15-48 F; flash pt. (PMCC) 16 C; pH 5-8 (10% aq.); 50% act. paper tubes, cores; filler, opacifier in plastics; extender in printing inks;
in aq. IPA; cationic reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers; useful in
Environmental: Biodeg. mastics, putties, caulking chemicals, textile and chemical conditioning
Precaution: Flamm. Features: Pretreated to form a deflocculated suspension of high fluidity in
Arristan 64 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] water vehicles
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone elastomer Properties: Wh. free-flowing spray-dried beads, particle size 0.3 µ; 0.01%
CAS 63394-02-5 max. residue +325 mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 42-46 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 37-41;
Uses: Softener for all kinds of fibers, incl. cellulose, wool, synthetics and their brightness (GE) 90-92; ref. index 1.56; pH 6-8
blends, producing anticrease/antishrink finish and soft, elastic handle Toxicology: Nontoxic
Features: Produces exc. resilience and optimum sewability; sensitive to ASP® 100 [Engelhard]
alkali; preferably applied by pad Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate
Use Level: 10-30 g/l Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%)
Arristan 100 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8
Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl acetate disp. Uses: Extender pigment in paints (improves suspension of other pigments),
CAS 9003-20-7 in adhesives for corrugated board, laminated fiber board, paper bag seams,
Uses: Stiffener, filler for all types of fibers but mainly for cellulose and cellulose paper tubes, cores; filler, opacifier in plastics; extender in printing inks; in
blends, suitable as selvedge gum; filler for light knits on the winch beck rubber industry, in mastics, putties, caulking chemicals, textile and chemical
Use Level: 1-3 g/l (handle and filling finish, winch beck); 1-10 g/l (handle and conditioning
filling finish, pad); 10-200 g/l (stiffining finish, pad) Features: Unmodified
Arristan 1088 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] Properties: Wh. particulate, particle size 0.55 µ; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 10-15 lb/
Chem. Descrip.: Modified polysiloxanes ft3; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.8-4.6
CAS 9011-19-2 ASP® 101 [Engelhard]
Uses: Softener for all kinds of fibers, producing soft, silk-like handle and good Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate with 0.5% stearate
gloss effects Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%)
Features: Nonyellowing; fast to sublimation; applied by pad CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8
Use Level: 10-30 g/l Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, printing inks, rubber,

50 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Astralprint™ IMP

mastics, putties, caulking chemicals, textile and chemical conditioning; rein- +325 mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 15-20 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 38-43; brightness
forcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers (GE) 85-87; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.5-5.0
Features: Pretreated to form a deflocculated suspension of high fluidity in ASP® 900 [Engelhard]
water vehicles Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate, unmodified
Properties: Wh. highly pulverized powd.; particle size 0.4 µ (avg.); 0.03% Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%)
max. residue +325 mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 15-20 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 40-45; CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8
brightness (GE) 86-88; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.5-5.0 Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, rubber, textiles, etc.;
Toxicology: Nontoxic reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers
ASP® 102 [Engelhard] Features: Easy processing
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate Properties: Wh. particulate, particle size 1.5 µ; 0.15% max. residue +325
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%) mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 30-35 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 31-36; brightness (GE) 83-
CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8 85; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.5-5.0
Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, printing inks, rubber, Aspumit SF [Thor UK]
mastics, putties, caulking chemicals, textile and chemical conditioning; rein- Chem. Descrip.: Fatty deriv.
forcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers Uses: Antifoam, deaerating agent for textiles
Features: Pretreated to form a deflocculated suspension of high fluidity in Features: Shear-stable; low silicone
water vehicles Properties: Nonionic
Properties: Wh. free-flowing spray-dried beads; particle size 0.4 µ (avg.); Aston 123 [Abco Ind.]
0.01% max. residue +325 mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 45-50 lb/ft3; oil absorp. Chem. Descrip.: Thermosetting polyamine
40-45; brightness (GE) 86-88; ref. index 1.56; pH 6-8 Uses: Textile antistat with high resistance to laundering and dry cleaning on all
ASP® 170 [Engelhard] substrates
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate Features: Durable
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%) Properties: Liq.; water-emulsifiable
CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8 Astragal® AMA [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, rubber, textiles, etc.; Uses: Leveling agent for acrylics and uneven dye lots; promotes leveling and
reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers migration of cationic dyestuffs on acrylic fibers and blends
Features: Produced by ultraflotation process; easy processing Features: No significant retarding effect; will not interfere with dyestuff yield;
Properties: Wh. particulate; particle size 0.4 µ (avg.); 0.01% max. residue compat. with all cationic dyes; can be used in atmospheric or pressure
+325 mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 5-10 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 40-45; brightness (GE) dyeing equip.
90-92; ref. index 1.56; pH 6-8 Properties: Amber transparent liq.; mild odor; misc. with water in all propor-
Toxicology: Nontoxic tions; dens. 8.4 lb/gal; pH 5-7 (10%); cationic
ASP® 200 [Engelhard] Astragal® ME [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate, unmodified Uses: Leveling agent for acrylics and uneven dye lots; promotes leveling and
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%) migration of cationic dyestuffs on acrylic fibers and blends; promotes bulking
CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8 of acrylic fibers
Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, rubber, textiles, etc.; Features: No significant retarding effect; will not interfere with dyestuff yield;
reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers compat. with all cationic dyes; can be used in atmospheric or pressure
Use Level: Nontoxic dyeing equip.
Properties: Wh. highly pulverized powd., particle size 0.4 µ (avg.); 0.01% Properties: Transparent liq.; mild odor; misc. with water in all proportions;
max. residue +325 mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 10-15 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 40-45; dens. 8.4 lb/gal; pH 5-7 (10%); cationic
brightness (GE) 86-88; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.5-5.0 Astragal® PAN-01 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
ASP® 400 [Engelhard] Chem. Descrip.: Quat. compd.
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate, unmodified Uses: Retarding agent for cationic dyes on acrylic fibers, promoting level
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%) dyeing of cationic dyes which have a med. strike rate
CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8 Features: Permanent
Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, rubber, textiles, etc.; Properties: Amber translucent liq.; readily sol. in water; pH 4.5-5.5 (10%);
reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers; offers cationic
‘antipenetration’ chars. making it effective as blocking agent in adhesives Astragal® PAW [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Features: Easy processing Chem. Descrip.: Quat. compd.
Use Level: Nontoxic Uses: Retarding agent for cationic dyes on acrylic fibers, promoting level
Properties: Wh. particulate, particle size 4.8 µ; 0.15% max. residue +325 dyeing of cationic dyes which have a med. strike rate
mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 30-35 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 30-35; brightness (GE) 79- Features: Permanent
82; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.5-5.0 Properties: Pale yel. transparent liq.; readily sol. in water; pH 6-8 (10%);
ASP® 400P [Engelhard] cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate, unmodified Astralplush® [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%) Uses: Durable soil release agent for 100% polyester; imparts moisture
CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8 transfer props. to polyester; antistat for polyester; leveling agent improving
Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, rubber, textiles, etc.; filtration in pkg. dyeing; oil scavenger in dyeing or prescouring; hand soft-
reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers; offers ener; permanent lubricant for polyester yarns in pkg. dyeing
‘antipenetration’ chars. making it effective as blocking agent in adhesives Features: Patent #5,645,892; compat. with most disperse dye baths and
Features: Highly pulverized form for use in org. systems finishing baths; silicone or other water repellent prods. should be avoided;
Properties: Wh. particulate; particle size 4.8 µ; 0.15% max. residue +325 can be applied by pad, exhaust, and spray methods
mesh; sp.gr. 2.58; dens. 30-35 lb/ft3; oil absorp. 30-35; brightness (GE) 79- Use Level: 0.5-3% owb (pad); 0.5-2% owf (exhaust, spray)
82; ref. index 1.56; pH 3.5-5.0 Properties: Wh. thin emulsion; mild odor; readily disp. in cold water; pH 4.5-
ASP® 600 [Engelhard] 5.5; nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrous aluminum silicate, unmodified Toxicology: May cause skin and eye irritation on direct contact; avoid ing. and
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (45.2%), Al2O3 (38.8%), free moisture (1.0%) prolonged inh. of vapors
CAS 1332-58-7; EINECS/ELINCS 296-473-8 Storage: 6 mos min. shelf life when stored @ 10-27 C
Uses: Extender pigment in paints, adhesives, plastics, rubber, textiles, etc.; Astralprint™ IMP [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
reinforcing extender for EPDM, SBR, nitrile, most other polymers Uses: Softener for printed fabric hand; crockfastness improver; improves
Features: Easy processing sewability, tear str., and print abrasion
Properties: Wh. particulate, particle size 0.6 µ (avg.); 0.015% max. residue Features: Formaldehyde-free; no melamine crosslinker required

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 51


Astroclean 26-A

Use Level: 2-7% on wt. of print paste (print paste); 2-4% owb (pad bath Properties: Amber solid; HLB 11.2; nonionic
Properties: Wh. sl. visc. emulsion; readily disp. in cool water; dens. ≈ 8.3 lb/ Atlas® G-1086 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
gal; pH 7 ± 1 Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 sorbitol hexaoleate
Toxicology: May cause skin and eye irritation on direct contact; avoid ing. and CAS 57171-56-9
prolonged inh. of vapors Uses: Emulsifier and coupling agent for paraffinic, naphthenic and organic
Storage: Protect from freezing ester lubricants, textiles, metalworking and hydraulic fluids, polymerization
Astroclean 26-A [Glo-Tex] Properties: Pale yel. oily liq.; sol. in toluene, min. spirits, many veg. oils,
Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic copolymer aq. emulsion acetone, CCl4, Cellosolve, methanol, lower alcohols, aniline; sp.gr. 1; visc.
CAS 25133-97-5 200 cps; HLB 10.2; flash pt. > 300 F; 100% act.; nonionic
Uses: Soil release agent for polyester/cotton fabrics Atlas® G-1087 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Features: Compat. in one-bath system Chem. Descrip.: POE sorbitol polyoleate
Astroclean P [Glo-Tex] Uses: Emulsifier for textiles, metalworking and hydraulic fluids, polymeriza-
Uses: Dyebath lubricant, dispersant, oil scavenger for dyeing of polyester tion
and blends; finishing aid, soil release agent, and hydrophilic agent for poly- Properties: Amber liq.; HLB 9.5; 100% conc.; nonionic
ester fabrics Atlas® G-1096 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Features: Durable Chem. Descrip.: PEG-50 sorbitol hexaoleate
Astrodye BLD [Glo-Tex] CAS 57171-56-9
Chem. Descrip.: Solvent-based Uses: Emulsifier and coupling agent for personal care prods., textiles, hy-
Uses: Dye carrier for polyester fibers; leveling agent draulic and metalworking fluids, polymerization
Environmental: Biodeg. Properties: Pale yel. liq.; sol. in veg. oils, acetone, Cellosolve, lower
Astrodye EF [Glo-Tex] alcohols, some aromatic solv., tetrachloride; sp.gr. 1.0; visc. 220 cps; HLB
Uses: Dye carrier, leveling agent for textile dyeing 11.4; flash pt. > 300 F; 100% act.; nonionic
Features: Exc. color yield under atmospheric conditions Atlas® G-1284 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Environmental: Environmentally friendly; nonreportable ingreds. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 castor oil
Astrotherm 111B [Glo-Tex] CAS 61791-12-6
Chem. Descrip.: Syn. polymeric Uses: Emulsifier and solubilizer for agric., emulsions, textiles, and household
Uses: Antimigrant for pigment pad and other continuous dyeing applics. formulations
Features: Yields smooth dyeing in high syn. blends and exc. penetration Properties: Pale yel. liq.; HLB 13.1; 100% conc.; nonionic
chars. of surf. antimigrants, without loss of washfastness Atlas® G-1292 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Astrozine DAJ-50 [Glo-Tex] Chem. Descrip.: PEG-25 hydrogenated castor oil
Uses: Dispersant, leveling agent for disperse dyeing of polyester CAS 61788-85-0
Properties: Anionic Uses: Emulsifier for agric., emulsions, textiles; solubilizer for creams and
Astrozine RLN [Glo-Tex] lotions
Uses: Leveling agent for acid dyes on nylon fibers, for use on pkg. machines, Properties: Pale yel. liq. to soft paste; sol. in water, ethanol, IPA; sp.gr. 1.0;
beams, and becks HLB 10.8; flash pt. > 300 F; 100% conc.; nonionic
Astrozyme LP [Glo-Tex] Atlas® G-1300 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Uses: Enzymatic scouring agent for removal of glyceride oils and waxes in Chem. Descrip.: PEG-200 castor oil
textile prep. CAS 61791-12-6
Atebin C-25 [Boehme Filatex Canada] Uses: Emulsifier for agric., emulsions, textiles
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene Properties: Pale cream hard waxy solid; sol. in water, lower alcohols,
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 acetone, chloroform; HLB 18.1; flash pt. > 300 F; 100% conc.; nonionic
Uses: Softener, lubricant for applic. to all types of fibers by pad or exhaust Atlas® G-2109 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Properties: Cationic Chem. Descrip.: POE laurate
Atlas EM-2 [Atlas Refinery] CAS 9004-81-3
Chem. Descrip.: Glycol ester Uses: Lubricant, emulsifier for textiles
Uses: Fiber lubricant, emulsifier Properties: Colorless/pale yel. liq.; HLB 13.1; 100% conc.; nonionic
Properties: Liq.; HLB 11.4; 100% conc.; nonionic Atlas® G-2200 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.]
Atlas EM-13 [Atlas Refinery] Chem. Descrip.: Potassium hexyl phosphate
Chem. Descrip.: Glycol ester Uses: Antistat, dispersant for industrial and textile applics.
Uses: Fiber lubricant, emulsifier Properties: Colorless/lt. yel. liq.
Properties: Liq.; 100% conc.; nonionic Atlas® G-3780A [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK]
Atlas EMJ-C [Atlas Refinery] Chem. Descrip.: PEG-20 hydrogenated tallow amine
Chem. Descrip.: Nonylphenoxy polyethoxy ethanol CAS 61791-26-2
CAS 9016-45-9 Uses: Surfactant, antistat for textiles
Uses: Detergent, dispersant, emulsifier, wetting agent, penetrant, grease Properties: Amber liq. (may become hazy); sol. in water, lower alcohols,
dispersant, for leather, textile sizing, bleaching operations, paper industry acetone, ethyl acetate, ethylene glycol; sp.gr. 1.04; visc. 250 cps; HLB
Properties: Clear liq.; water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.06; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; visc. 510 15.5; flash pt. > 300 F; 100% conc.; nonionic
SUS (100 F); flash pt. (COC) 540 F; cloud pt. 52-58 C (1% aq.); 100% Atlas JG #1 [Atlas Refinery]
act.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: Raw, refined, and standardized fish oil
Atlas® G-263 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.] Uses: Leather additive; aids fiber lubrication; masks undesirable finish odors
Chem. Descrip.: Cetyl ethyl morpholinium ethosulfate Atlas WA-100 [Atlas Refinery]
CAS 78-21-7; EINECS/ELINCS 201-094-8 Chem. Descrip.: Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate
Uses: Emulsifier, antistat for textile specialties CAS 577-11-7; EINECS/ELINCS 209-406-4
Properties: Liq.; water-sol.; HLB > 30.0; 35% act. in water; cationic Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent for textiles
Atlas® G-265 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK] Features: Compat. with anionic and nonionic prods. such as soaps, alkaline
Chem. Descrip.: Fatty amine quaternary ammonium salt builders, dyes, and salts
Uses: Sizing agent for glass fibers; dispersant for industrial applics.; textile Properties: Liq.; 70% conc.; anionic
antistat; emulsifier Atlas Defoamer AFC [Atlas Refinery]
Properties: Brn. yel. liq.; HLB 33; 100% conc.; cationic Chem. Descrip.: Hydrophobized silicone
Atlas® G-1065 [Uniqema/ICI Surf. Am.; Uniqema/ICI Surf. UK] Uses: Defoamer for textile and leather industries
Chem. Descrip.: POE sorbitol tetrastearate Properties: Translucent gray liq.; dens. 8.1 lb/gal; 100% act.
Uses: Emulsifier for textile applics., spin finishes; suspending agent Atlasol 103 [Atlas Refinery]

52 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Avitone® A

Uses: Softener and antistat for textiles; modifier with hand builders and resins; Properties: Lt. brn powd.; pH 7-9 (10%); anionic
lubricant for fibers and fabrics; penetrant, leveling agent for textile dyeing; Avolan® IS-L [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
dyeing assistant for acid and direct dyes on paper; prep. of hair grooming Chem. Descrip.: Aromatic sulfonic acid
aids; stabilizer for aq. applic. baths Uses: Dispersant for disperse dyestuffs on polyester, nylon, acetate, triac-
Properties: Lt. tan soft, homogenous paste; mild odor; water-disp. @ 160-180 etate, and acrylic fibers; inhibits dye agglomeration during dyeing cycle;
F; sp.gr. 0.98; dens. 8.18 lb/gal; pH 6.5-7.5 (1% aq.); cationic leveling agent for use with neutral premetalized dyes on wool and nylon
Avitone® A [DuPont; DuPont Canada] Features: Low foaming; suitable for jet and pkg. dyeing; good stability to acid,
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium alkyl sulfonate alkali, salts, hard water
Uses: Finishing agent, softener, lubricant for improving texture and hand of Properties: Ylsh. liq.; readily misc. with water; sp.gr. 1.0; pH ≈ 9 (10%);
textiles, leather, and paper, and for elastomers anionic
Features: Highly stable to chemicals and oxidation Avolan® IW Liq. [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Properties: Lt. tan paste, bland odor; disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.02 g/mL; dens. Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant
8.4 lb/gal; cloud pt. none; flash pt. none; pH 7.5-9.0 (10% aq.); 75% act.; Uses: Surfactant for use with cationic dyes on 100% cationic-dyeable acryl-
anionic ics and their blends; foaming agent; compatibilizer; some leveling props.
Avivan® SFC [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textile Dyes] Properties: Nonionic
Chem. Descrip.: Fatty acid amide condensate Avolan® IWM [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Uses: Softener for cellulosic and syn. fibers Uses: Textile aux.; leveling agent for use with neutral premetalized and
Features: Nonyel. selected acid milling dyestuffs on wool; antiprecipitant in same-bath applic. of
Properties: Liq.; amphoteric cationic and anionic dyestuffs; antiprecipitant for basic dyestuffs on equip.
Avolan® GDW [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Features: Stable with anionics and cationics
Chem. Descrip.: Alkylamine polyether Properties: Pale yel. clear liq.; misc. with water; pH 6.5-7.5 (20 C); nonionic
Uses: Leveling agent for dyeing of wool with acid, chrome, and metal Avolan® IWN [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
complex dyestuffs; accelerates wetting-out of wool; increases migration of Uses: Dispersant for certain dyestuff combinations; accelerates the penetra-
dyestuffs; leveling agent for dyeing of nylon 6 and 6/6 with 1:2 metal tion and wetting out of wool
complex dyestuffs Features: Reduces rate of dyestuff absorp. and improves their props.
Features: Improves dyestuff sol.; reduces rate of pickup of dyestuffs; allows Avolan® UL 75 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
dyestuffs to be applied @ pH 4-5 which better maintains wool quality Chem. Descrip.: Polyglycol ether sulfonate
Use Level: 0.5-1.5% Uses: Leveling agent for dyeing of wool and wool/polyester blends with
Properties: Yel. liq.; pH 8-9 (1%); nonionic/weakly cationic premetalized, acid, and chrome dyes; leveling agent for uneven dye lots;
Avolan® HTS New [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] provides better dye disp., penetration, and migration
Uses: Dispersant, high temp. disp. stabilizer for disperse dyes on polyester Features: Low foaming; reduces rate of absorp. of dyes; good resist. to acid,
and polyester blends with wool or cellulosic fibers salt, hard water; compat. with most anionic and cationic auxs., although
Features: Provides clear dyeings than Avolan HTS; stable to acids, alkalis, anionic prods. may impair effectiveness
salts, and hard water Properties: Yel. clear liq.; readily diluted in cold or hot water; dens. 1.0 g/ml
Properties: Dk. brn. liq.; readily sol. in water; pH 6-8 (10%); anionic (20 C); pH 6-7 (1%, 20 C); amphoteric
Avolan® IS [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Aztex LA [Seydel]
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium naphthalene sulfonate condensate Uses: Warp sizing agent for cellulosic warps of higher densities to be woven
CAS 1321-69-3 on high-speed weaving machines, and on polyester/cellulose warps with
Uses: Dispersant for use with dispersed dyestuffs on polyester, cotton, nylon, addition of binders
acetate, triacetate, and acrylic fibers; leveling agent in dyeing of wool with Features: Stable visc.; continuous clear flexible films; low gelatinization
premetalized dyestuffs and dyeing of nylon with acid dyestuffs temp.; compat. with most other film-formers used in aq. sol’ns. for textile
Features: Suitable for jet and pkg. dyeing and other high-turbulence applics.; warp sizing; can be desized in hot water with detergents and soda ash
good stability toward acid, alkali, salt, and hard water; compat. with metals Properties: Off-wh. powd.; highly water-sol.; visc. 40-60 cps (8%, 85 C);
causing water hardness, alkali, org. acids, other salts pH 6.0-7.5 (10% slurry); 90% min. solids; 10% max. moisture

54 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


B
Bacote™ 20 [Magnesium Elektron] 750 (C40-60 pareth-10) disp.
Chem. Descrip.: Stabilized ammonium zirconium carbonate aq. sol’n. Uses: Used for textiles, metal lubricants/coatings, ceramic binders, fiberglass
CAS 68309-95-5 processing, printing inks
Uses: Binder insolubilizer for paper and board coatings, nonwoven fabrics; Properties: Wh. disp.; 0.7 µ avg. particle size; visc. 255 cP
deposit control agent in wet-end paper processes; str. additive for alkaline- Bareco® 37 Disp. [Bareco Prods.]
sized paper; component of waterborne inks, overprint varnishes, adhe- Chem. Descrip.: 34% Be Square® 195 wax (microcryst. wax), 6% Unithox
sives; textile, leather, and paper water-repellent formulations; antimicrobial 750 (C40-60 pareth-10) disp.
treatment for textiles and timber; coagulant in mfg. of syn. leather cloth; metal Uses: Used for textiles, metal lubricants/coatings, ceramic binders, fiberglass
pretreatment coatings; precursor to zirconia in catalyst systems processing, printing inks
Properties: Clear sol’n.; sp.gr. 1.37; pH 9.1; 20% ZrO2 Properties: Wh. disp.; 0.7 µ avg. particle size; visc. 250 cP
Storage: Store in cool areas; protect sol’ns. from extremely high temps. and Bareco® 75 Disp. [Bareco Prods.]
freezing; containers must remain sealed until use due to volatile nature Chem. Descrip.: Water-based polyethylene wax disp.
Bafixan® [BASF; BASF/Coatings & Colorants] CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Chem. Descrip.: Conc. aq. disps. of colorants Uses: Antiblock for rubber; also used for textiles, metal lubricants/coatings,
Uses: Colorant for heat transfer printing and direct printing of nylon and ceramic binders, fiberglass processing, printing inks
polyester Properties: Visc. 70 cP; pH 9.5; 40% solids
Properties: Nonionic Bareco® C-400 [Bareco Prods.]
Barapon C-108 [Dexter] Chem. Descrip.: Lithium salt of an oxidized polyethylene
Uses: Sequestrant for Fe, Cu, Mn, Ca, and Mg in textile wet processing; Uses: Gellant for solvs. in the formulation of paste prods., e.g., shoe or floor
improves dye absorbency of fabrics and yarns that contain saponifiable polishes; additive to paints, coatings, inks, textile chems.; lubricant compo-
waxes and oils by inhibiting formation of insol. soaps; sequestrant that helps nents
retards scale formation on equip.; minimizes redeposition and buildup of Features: Wax
waxes Properties: Color 1.0 (D1500) wax; m.w. 620; m.p. 107 C; acid no. 13;
Barapon GFE [Dexter] sapon. no. 24
Uses: Chelating agent for wide range of chelation for Fe and Cu and selective Bareco® C-3500 [Bareco Prods.]
chelation of Ca and Mg, for use in both caustic scour and peroxide bleaching Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized polymer
Barbalube® 285 [Apollo] Uses: For use in adhesives, textiles, and high-wax polish applics.; lubricant
Uses: Lubricant for all wet processes in prep., dyeing, and finishing of cotton, for PVC extrusion; food pkg. adhesives, textiles; defoamer in food-contact
acrylics, polyester, nylon, or blends of fiber or fabric; metal/fiber and fiber/ paper/paperboard
fiber lubricant to prevent cracks, creases, rope marks, and pills from forming Features: General-purpose polymer
during wet processing Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800
Barbalube® BRB [Apollo] Properties: Solid; visc. 152 SUS (116 C); m.p. 107 C; congeal pt. 93 C; acid
Uses: Lubricant for use in bleaching and dyeing, reducing crack marks, no. 24; sapon. no. 42
chafing, creases, and rope marks; softener, napping assistant improving Bareco® E-2020 [Bareco Prods.]
hand and needle cutting props. on cotton, polyester/cotton, nylon, acrylic, Chem. Descrip.: Oxidized HDPE
and polyester CAS 68441-17-8; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3
Features: Can be easily overdyed; applied by pad or exhaust Uses: Wax producing emulsions for formulating textile lubricants and soften-
Barbalube® FL-58 [Apollo] ers, floor, auto polishes, mold release agents, lubricants, and antiblocking
Uses: Dyebath lubricant for cotton, poly/cotton, acrylic, nylon, and polyester, agents; in ceramic binders; processing aid in the fabrication of thermoplastic
for use in bleaching or dyeing to prevent cracks, creases, and rope marks resins; external and internal lubricant; food pkg. adhesives, textiles; de-
Features: Suitable for all types of dyeing equip. foamer in food-contact coatings, paper/paperboard
Bareco® 01 Disp. [Bareco Prods.] Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 176.200, 176.210, 177.2800
Chem. Descrip.: 45% Paraffin wax, 5% Unithox 450 (C20-40 pareth-10) Properties: M.p. 116 C; acid no. 22; sapon. no. 41
disp. Barfire OTF-NEW [Apollo]
Uses: Used for textiles, metal lubricants/coatings, ceramic binders, fiberglass Uses: Flame retardant, carrier for polyester, nylon, polyester/nylon blends,
processing, printing inks esp. for automotive, upholstery, drapery fabrics, wall coverings, and car-
Properties: Wh. disp.; 0.7 µ avg. particle size; visc. 255 cP pets
Bareco® 07 Disp. [Bareco Prods.] Features: Durable; applied by exhaust, pad, or spray
Chem. Descrip.: 23% Polywax® 2000 (polyethylene), 17% Unithox 750 Barfire PCR [Apollo]
(C40-60 pareth-10) disp. Uses: Flame retardant for polyester, cotton, rayon, and blends
Uses: Used for textiles, metal lubricants/coatings, ceramic binders, fiberglass Features: Applied by pad, spray, or foam; compat. in PVA, PVA-acrylic,
processing, printing inks acrylic, PVC, and SBR resin systems
Properties: Wh. disp.; 2.0 µ avg. particle size; visc. 405 cP Barfoamkil™ [Apollo]
Bareco® 29 Disp. [Bareco Prods.] Uses: Defoamer for all textile wet processing, during jet dyeing and depres-
Chem. Descrip.: 32% Be Square® 185 wax (microcryst. wax), 8% Unithox surization processes

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 55


Barfoamkil WBNS™

Features: Oil-free; exc. emulsion stability; pH-stable Barpel® GVC [Apollo]


Barfoamkil WBNS™ [Apollo] Chem. Descrip.: Resinous reactive prod.
Uses: Defoamer for dyeing, printing, and finishing processes, and in atmo- Uses: Water repellent, fluorochemical extender for use on cotton, rayon,
spheric and pressure applics., esp. in jet dyeing nylon, polyester and acrylics
Features: Nonsilicone Features: Does not cause a harsh hand; does not affect shade, lightfastness
Barfoam Super P-40 [Apollo] or crock fastness
Chem. Descrip.: Modified silicone Barpel® SR800 [Apollo]
Uses: Defoamer for all textile wet processing Chem. Descrip.: Fluorochemical resin sol’n.
Barisol Special SC [Dexter] Uses: Stain release agent for PE and PE/C blends, imparting absorbency to
Uses: Detergent, wetting agent, dispersant, emulsifier for caustic scouring of fabrics while allowing removal of stains during laundering
cotton and cotton/syn. blends, for removal of dirt, fats, oils, and waxes and Features: Hydrophilic; low VOC
to help prevent their redeposition; inhibits formation of Ca and Mg salts of Barpel® SR901 [Apollo]
high m.p. waxes Chem. Descrip.: Fluorochemical resin sol’n.
Barisol Super BRM [Dexter] Uses: Stain release agent for polyester, polyester/cotton blends, imparting
Chem. Descrip.: Complex multicarbon alcohol phosphate potassium salt some oil repellency and water repellency during use, but allowing removal
Uses: Textile wetting agent for dye leveling, pectin removal from cottons, of stain during washing
scouring of cotton and synthetic blends; dispersant Features: Durable; low VOC
Properties: Straw-colored liq.; sol. in hot or cold water; pH 8-9 (0.1%); 30% Barquat® CME-35 [Lonza]
conc.; anionic Chem. Descrip.: Cetethyl morpholinium ethosulfate
Precaution: Combustible CAS 78-21-7; EINECS/ELINCS 201-094-8
Barlene® 12 [Lonza] Uses: Antistat, combing aid and detangling agent for hair care; textile lubricant;
Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl dimethyl amine odor counteractant; antistatic coating for cellulose acetate
Uses: Chemical intermediate; personal care additive; acid detergent; metal Properties: Amber clear liq.; 35% act.
and textile processing aid Barquat® CME-A [Lonza]
Properties: Liq.; 95% act. Chem. Descrip.: N-Cetyl-N-ethylmorpholinium ethosulfate
Barlene® 12C [Lonza] CAS 78-21-7; EINECS/ELINCS 201-094-8
Chem. Descrip.: Dimethyl cocamine Uses: Substantivity agent, lubricant, antistat for hair and skin care prods.,
CAS 61788-93-0; EINECS/ELINCS 263-020-0 shampoos, conditioning rinses, combing aids; antistat for textile processing,
Uses: Chemical intermediate; acid detergent; metal and textile processing aid polyester, and other syn. fibers; bath additive for Viscose fibers; antistat for
Properties: Cationic aerosol systems
Barlene® 12S [Lonza] Features: Noncorrosive
Chem. Descrip.: Dimethyl lauramine Properties: Amber waxy solid; sweet odor; m.w. 453; sp.gr. 1.01; m.p. gel
CAS 112-18-5; EINECS/ELINCS 203-943-8 @ 40 C, liq. @ 75 C; pH 3.0-5.0 (3.5%); 92% min. act.; cationic
Uses: Chemical intermediate; personal care additive; acid detergent, metal Barshield TCL Special [Apollo]
and textile processing aid Uses: Stain protectant for polyamide fibers
Properties: Liq.; 95% act.; cationic Barstat ANP [Apollo]
Barlene® 14S [Lonza] Uses: Antistat for nat. and syn. fibers and fabrics, imparting exc. fiber/metal
Chem. Descrip.: Dimethyl myristamine lubricity
CAS 112-75-4; EINECS/ELINCS 204-002-4 Features: Can be applied by pad, exhaust, or spray
Uses: Chemical intermediate; personal care additive; acid detergent, metal Properties: Anionic
and textile processing aid Barstat PA2 [Apollo]
Properties: Liq.; 95% act.; cationic Uses: Antistat for nat. and syn. fibers, imparting exc. fiber/metal lubricity and
Barlene® 16S [Lonza] good interfiber cohesion
Chem. Descrip.: Cetyl dimethyl amine Features: Can be applied by pad or exhaust
CAS 112-69-6; EINECS/ELINCS 203-997-2 Properties: Cationic
Uses: Chemical intermediate; personal care additive; acid detergent, metal Basacryl® Salt Grades [BASF]
and textile processing aid Uses: Leveling agents and retarders for dyeing polyacrylonitrile fibers with
Properties: Liq./solid; 95% act.; cationic cationic dyes; resist agents for nylon
Barlene® 18S [Lonza] Basarcyl® Salt NB 414 [BASF/Coatings & Colorants]
Chem. Descrip.: Stearyl dimethyl amine Chem. Descrip.: Alkoxylated amine
CAS 124-28-7; EINECS/ELINCS 204-694-8 Uses: Resist agent for wh. and colored resist prints on nylon overprinted with
Uses: Chemical intermediate; personal care additive; acid detergent, metal Acidol M dyes by the wet-on-wet method
and textile processing aid Properties: Liq.; sol. in cold water with proper mixing; dens. 1.07 g/cm3; pH
Properties: Solid; 95% act.; cationic 7-8 (5%)
Barpel® 750 [Apollo] Toxicology: Eye contact may cause mod. irritation; prolonged/repeated skin
Chem. Descrip.: Fluorochemical/extender blend contact may cause irritation; inh. may cause respiratory irritation; ing. may
Uses: Oil and water repellent for textile finishes result in gastric disturbances
Features: Compat. with most resins, catalysts, and softeners Storage: 24 mos shelf life when stored correctly in sealed containers
Barpel® 1700 [Apollo] Base Wax 36-GRA [Eastern Color & Chem.]
Chem. Descrip.: Fluorochemical Chem. Descrip.: Substituted amide wax conc.
Uses: Oil and water repellent for syn. and nat. fibers Uses: Softener wax for syn. fibers and fabrics
Features: Durable; applied by pad or spray Features: Substantive; may be used to prepare stock sol’n. of softeners or
Properties: Sl. cationic softeners themselves
Barpel® 2000 [Apollo] Properties: > 90% act. solids; cationic
Chem. Descrip.: Fluorochemical Base Wax C-200 [Eastern Color & Chem.]
Uses: Oil and water repellent for PP and olefin blends Chem. Descrip.: Substantive amide wax
Features: Durable; performs at lower temps. than conventional fluorochemicals Uses: Fabric softener base for use on cotton and cotton/syn. blended fabrics
and imparts good abrasion; applied by pad or spray Features: Used in prep. of stock softener sol’n. or suitable softener prods. at
Barpel® 3000N [Apollo] 25% act. levels
Uses: Oil and water repellent for syn. and nat. fibers Properties: 95% act. solids; cationic
Features: Durable; compat. with most finish bath auxs.; can be applied by BASF Size CB [BASF/Coatings & Colorants]
pad or spray Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate

56 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Baygard® RT

CAS 9003-01-4 Features: Nonfoaming; stable in hard water and liquors containing alkali,
Uses: Sizing agent for warp yarns composed of cotton fibers, polyester/cotton acetic acid, or sulfuric acid
fiber blends, wool and polyester/wool blends Properties: Lt. yel. sl. visc. liq., weak odor becomes pungent above 160 F;
Features: Forms strong, tough, flexible film with exc. adhesion; when blended insol. in water; 90% conc.; anionic/nonionic
with PVA, modifies size film to generate high adhesive power, with greater Basopon® LN [BASF/Fibers]
elong., more flexibility, and stronger tenacity; can be readily washed from Chem. Descrip.: Alkylphenol ethoxylate
fabric Uses: Wetting agent, detergent, dispersant for wool and syn. fibers, desizing
Properties: Ylsh. to amber clear visc. liq.; water-sol.; sp.gr. 1.07; dens. 8.9 and scouring applics.; stain removing agent
lb/gal; pH 6-7 (15%) Features: Stable to hard water, alkalis, acids, reducing and oxidizing agents
Toxicology: No harmful effects when used properly Properties: Clear ylsh. visc. liq.; sol. in water; dens. 1.05 g/cc; pH 6-8
Storage: 12 mos shelf life when stored correctly in sealed containers (0.5%); 100% conc.; nonionic
BASF Size CE [BASF/Coatings & Colorants] Basotol® [BASF]
Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate Uses: Oxidizer for vat dyes; aux. for protecting dyes against reduction
CAS 9003-01-4 Basotol® AR [BASF/Coatings & Colorants]
Uses: Sizing agent for warp yarns composed of cellulosic fibers, polyester/ Chem. Descrip.: Aq. sol’n. of alkali and inorg. salts
cellulosic fiber blends, wool and polyester/wool blends, and for filament Uses: Oxidizing agent, reduction blocker for preventing shade deviations
viscose and acetate caused by substances with reducing effect during one-bath dyeing with
Features: Forms tough, flexible film with exc. adhesion; insensitive to mois- disperse, reactive, and direct dyes on polyester/cotton
ture; good stability to water hardening substances, but forms difficultly sol. Features: Low-foaming
precipitates in presence of acids, polyvalent metal ions, and cationic sub- Properties: Colorless clear free-flowing liq.; infinitely dilutable with cold or
stances warm water; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; visc. water-thin; f.p. ≤ 32 F; pH 7-
Properties: Ylsh. opaque to turbid mobile liq.; water-sol.; dens. 1.05 g/cm3 8; anionic
(23 C); visc. 30-300 mPa•s (23 C); pH 7.0-7.8 (15% aq.); 25 ± 1% Toxicology: No harmful effects when used properly
Environmental: > 90% biodeg.; COD 405 mg O2/g Precaution: Under no conditions to be used together with reducing agents;
Storage: 12 mos shelf life when stored in original closed container @ 5-40 C; separate storage is rec.
close tightly after opening Storage: 12 mos shelf life when stored correctly in sealed containers; protect
Basogal® C [BASF/Coatings & Colorants] from freezing
Chem. Descrip.: Oligomeric basic condensation prod. Basotol® RB [BASF/Coatings & Colorants]
Uses: Leveling agent for vat dyes of cellulosic fibers by exhaust process Chem. Descrip.: Inorg.
Features: Does not reduce overall color yield; nonfoaming; non-surface- Uses: Reduction blocker to protect disperse dyes from chem. reduction in
active; resist. to acid, alkali, hard water, electrolytes, and elevated temps. to high temp. dyebaths
120 C; compat. with all conventional wetting/dispersing/dyeing auxs. at Features: Low-foaming; not for use with reactive dyes
alkaline pH Use Level: 1 g/l
Properties: Pale brn., low-visc. liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.02; dens. 8.5 lb/ Properties: Colorless clear free-flowing liq.; infinitely dilutable with cold water;
gal; pH 10-10.5 (5%); cationic sp.gr. 1.1; dens. 9.17 lb/gal; visc. water-thin; f.p. ≤ 32 F; pH 11-12; anionic
Toxicology: May cause sl. reversible skin irritation on prolonged contact of Toxicology: LD50 (acute oral) probably > 400 mg/kg; may be irritating to skin
conc. form; no harmful effects when properly used and eyes; ing. may cause vomiting, diarrhea, gastric pain
Storage: Sol’ns. have unlimited storage stability @ R.T. Storage: 12 mos shelf life when stored correctly in sealed containers; protect
Basol® WS Liq., WS Powd. [BASF/Coatings & Colorants] from freezing
Chem. Descrip.: Aromatic sulfonic acid condensate Bayfit® [Bayer AG/Polyurethanes; Bayer/Polymers]
Uses: Dispersant, protective colloid, dyeing assistant esp. for exhaust dyeing Chem. Descrip.: Flexible polyurethane foams
of polyester; stabilizer for dye dispersions; antiagglomerant for vat, naphthol, CAS 9009-54-5
and disperse dye particles Uses: Flexible foam for cushioning applics., upholstered furniture, mattresses,
Features: Affinity for animal fibers (wool, silk) and polyamide fibers in acid automotive engineering, textiles, pkg.
liquors; stable to acids, alkalis, hard water, electrolytes, even under high Baygard® AFF-300 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
temp. conditions; good compat. with anionic and nonionic auxs. Chem. Descrip.: Fluoroalkyl acrylate copolymer
Use Level: 5-10 g/l (vat dyes); 0.5-2 g/l (disperse dyes); 1-3 g/l (naphthol Uses: Water and oil repellent for textiles made of all types of fibers and fiber
dyes); 1-1.5 g/l (washing off prints disperse dyes) blends
Properties: Ylsh. clear visc. liq. and brnsh. low-dusting microgran. resp.; sol. Features: Good fastness to washing and dry cleaning; can behave weakly
in water; sp.gr. 1.18 (liq.); dens. 9.85 lb/gal (liq.); pH 6-7.5 (10%); anionic cationic in some media; resist. to substances causing water hardness and
Toxicology: No harmful effects when used properly dil. acids; only limited resist. to alkalis, heavy metal salts, lg. amts. of
Storage: 12 mos shelf life when stored correctly in sealed containers electrolytes
Basonyl® Dyes [BASF AG] Properties: Ultrafine disp.; readily misc. with water; dens. 1.02 g/ml (20 C);
Uses: Cationic dyes for prod. of inks, carbon paper coatings, for dyeing pH 3.5-4.5 (10%); nonionic
natural fibers such as jute, sisal, wool; paint and varnish industry for prod. of Baygard® AS [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
daylight fluorescent pigments and gloss paints; coloring seeds and crop Chem. Descrip.: Organosilicate deriv. aq. disp.
protection agents Uses: For dry soil repellent finishing and pile stabilization of carpets and other
Properties: Sol. in alcohols, glycol ethers, and water pile fabrics, for all types of fibers and fiber blends
Basopal® PK [BASF/Coatings & Colorants] Features: Resist. to dry cleaning, washing, mech. abrasion; stable to hard
Chem. Descrip.: Alkaline sol’n. of inorg. sodium salts water salts, dil. acids, weak alkalis; only limited stability to electrolytes;
Uses: Peroxide killer for removing excess peroxide in the bleaching process compat. with cationics and nonionics
before reactive or direct dyes are applied Properties: Liq.; readily misc. with cold water; dens. 1 g/cm3; pH 8.0-9.5;
Features: Resist. to hard water cationic
Properties: Colorless liq.; misc. with water in all proportions; dens. 1.26 g/ Storage: 12 mos storage stability in closed containers; sensitive to frost from
cm3; pH 9-11; anionic -5 C; if prod. freezes, thaw carefully and stir
Storage: 1 yr shelf life when stored in tightly sealed original pkg. @ 5-30 C; Baygard® EDW [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
contents should be used ASAP after opening and tightly resealed Chem. Descrip.: Blocked polyisocyanate polyurethane
Basophen® M [BASF/Fibers] Uses: Fluorocarbon extender for use with Baygard AFF-300 to give water-
Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl ester of phosphoric acid with anionic/nonionic emulsi- and oil-repellent finishes optimum resist. to washing and dry cleaning
fiers Properties: Wh. to pale yel. disp.; misc. with water; sp.gr. 1.05 (20 C); pH
Uses: Wetting agent, foam suppressant for textiles, pkg. dyeing of cotton, 7; anionic
cotton/polyester, wool, desizing, latex penetration in carpet backing Baygard® RT [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 57


Bayhydrol 140 AQ

Chem. Descrip.: Organosilicate/fluorocarbon resin Storage: 6 mos storage stability; sl. sediment may occur; prod. can be used
Uses: Finishing agent for dry-soil, water- and oil-repellent treatment and pile after stirring
stabilization of textile floor coverings, upholstery fabrics, textile wall cover- Bayreduct® EPK Conc. [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
ings, and automotive textiles, for all types of fiber Chem. Descrip.: Enzyme
Features: Suitable for pad, foam, and exhaust applic.; compat. with cationics, Uses: Aux. for environmentally friendly enzymatic elimination of residual
nonionics; stable to substances causing hard water and to dil. org. acids; hydrogen peroxide after bleaching and prior to reactive dyeing
limited stability to salts, heavy metal salts, alkalis, org. acids Features: No adverse effect on the goods or dyestuffs; can be applied by
Use Level: 1-1.5% (foam applic.); 2% (treating installed carpet, add-on); 100 continuous and batch processes; act. in both the bath and on the goods
g/l (treating installed carpet, liquor formulation) Properties: Turbid liq.; readily sol. in water; dens. 1.0-1.2 g/cm3; pH 4-6 (23
Properties: Ylsh. brn. disp.; disp. in water in any ratio; dens. 1 g/ml (20 C); C)
pH 4-5 (1%); cationic Storage: 6 mos storage life when kept below 25 C; storage at higher temps.
Bayhydrol 140 AQ [Bayer/Fiber, Addits., Rubber] causes enzymatic activity
Chem. Descrip.: Aliphatic polyester PU disp. in water/toluene Bayreduct® PRN-02 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Uses: Adhesion promoter in metal/plastic composite structures, textile and Chem. Descrip.: Sodium hydrogen sulfite
leather coatings, primers for rigid surface coatings CAS 7631-90-5; EINECS/ELINCS 231-548-0
Properties: Milky wh. liq.; sp.gr. 1.04; dens. 8.7 lb/gal; visc. 25-500 mPas; Uses: Process regulator for pretreatment of cotton and cotton blends for use
pH 6.0-7.5; anionic after peroxide bleaching and before reactive dyeing; sequestrant for dyeing
Baylan NT [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] process to improve appearance of goods; H2O2 scavenger
Uses: Accelerates dyestuff exhaustion, allowing wool to be dyed @ 189-195 Features: Can be used in processes operating @ 25-95 C to save time and
F instead of conventional dyeing @ 210 F; absorbs into wool fiber to impart water used in rinsing; suitable for continuous and batch processes
softer hand Properties: Colorless to pale yel. clear liq.; misc. with water; dens. 1.28-1.32
Features: Provides positive effects in spinning process; results in higher g/ml (20 C); pH 3-4
yields by preventing fiber damage Baysolex® EVO [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Baypret® DLV Disp. [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Chem. Descrip.: Enzyme-based
Chem. Descrip.: Polyester polyether PU disp. Uses: Textile bioscour
Uses: Finishing agent for felt-free finishing of wool and wool blends, for Environmental: Environmentally friendly
padding, spraying, and textile coating applics.; film-former producing soft, Baysolex® EXT [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
clear film; improves dimensional stability; reduces pilling; hand modifier for Chem. Descrip.: Phosphonate
all types of fiber Uses: Chelating agent, dispersant, pH adjuster for cellulosic fabric pretreat-
Features: Stable to hard water salts, dil. acids and alkalis ment, demineralization, sodium chlorite bleaching, extraction processes,
Use Level: 20-60 g/l (handle modifier) and neutralization; crystallization inhibitor, important in bleaching with sili-
Properties: Wh. low-visc. disp.; misc. with water; dens. 1.1 g/cm3 (23 C); cate; improves whiteness on optically brightened fabric; improves rewettability
pH 5.5-7.5 (23 C); anionic Features: Stable in chlorine and peroxide bleaching boiling-off processes with
Storage: 12 mos min. storage stability when stored in closed containers; a long liquor ratio, impregnating processes, and conc. feed additions
stable if stored @ 5-30 C; sensitive to frost; do not store below 5 C; cannot Use Level: 0.5-2.0 ml/l
be used if it freezes; keep containers tightly closed Properties: Sl. ylsh. clear liq.; odorless; readily misc. with water; pH 1.5-1.8
Baypret® USV [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] (1%, 20 C)
Chem. Descrip.: Modified polyether polyurethane aq. prep. Baysolex® EXT-N [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Uses: Hand modifier, finishing agent producing full, soft hand on cellulosic and Chem. Descrip.: Phosphonate
syn. fibers; reduces pilling; improves abrasion resist.; can improve crock Uses: Chelating agent, dispersant for cellulosic fabric pretreatment and fiber
fastness (i.e., sulfur dyeings on cotton); enhances elasticity of 100% cotton reactive dyeing, demineralization, alkaline boiling-off, sodium hypochlorite
knits and blends bleaching, hydrogen peroxide bleaching, reductive bleaching, extraction
Features: Self-crosslinking; hydrophilic; formaldehyde-free; resist. to sub- processes, neutralization; crystallization inhibitor, important in bleaching with
stances causing hard water, and to weak acids, weak alkalis; sometimes silicate; improves whiteness on optically brightened fabric; improves
acts as weak anionic rewettability; stabilizes effect in hard water
Properties: Sl. visc. transparent liq.; misc. with water; dens. 1.06 g/cm3 (20 Features: Stable in chlorine and peroxide bleaching boiling-off processes with
C); pH ≈ 6 (1%, 20 C); amphoteric a long liquor ratio, impregnating processes, and conc. feed additions; neutral-
Storage: 6 mos min. storage stability if stored correctly; shelf life reduced ized version of Baysolex EXT
substantially if stored above 4 C; freezes below 0 C, but can be used if Use Level: 0.5-2.0 ml/l
thawed carefully Properties: Sl. ylsh. clear liq.; odorless; readily misc. with water; pH 7-8
Bayprotect® CL-01 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] (1%, 20 C)
Chem. Descrip.: Carboxylic acid deriv. Baysolex® JFP [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Uses: Protecting agent for nylon carpets against oxidative stains caused by Chem. Descrip.: Inorg./org. blend
chlorine sol’ns., and against tea and coffee stains Uses: Multifunctional prod. for pretreatment of cellulosics and its blends in
Features: High affinity to nylon 6 and 6/6; can be used in dyebath; very exhaust applics.; peroxide stabilizer; protects goods from alkali earth and
suitable for differential dyed fabrics; stable @ pH 2.3-6.0 transition metal catalytic damage; rapid wetting agent; wax/oil emulsifier;
Use Level: 3-6% (exhaust applic., pad-steam applic.) disperses impurities in goods; reduces scale deposition on equip.
Properties: Brn. sl. turbid liq.; misc. with water in all proportions; sp.gr. 1.15; Features: Alkali stability > 60 g/l caustic soda; low or no foaming; results in
pH 5.5-6.5 cleaner, whiter goods
Storage: 6 mos storage stability; sl. sediment may occur; prod. can be used Use Level: 1-2% owg (exhaust applic.)
after stirring Properties: Pale yel. clear liq.; pH 3.5-4.5 (10%); anionic
Bayprotect® CSD [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Baysolex® MFP [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]
Chem. Descrip.: Sulfonated condensation and aromatic condensation prods. Chem. Descrip.: Inorg./org. blend
Uses: Protecting agent for nylon carpets to prevent spots caused by dyestuffs Uses: Multifunctional prod. for pretreatment of cellulosics and its blends;
associated with foods, colored soft drinks, tea, and coffee; protecting agent peroxide stabilizer in silicate systems to protect goods from catalytic dam-
against oxidative stains found in household and commercial laundry bleach- age; rapid wetting agent; wax/oil emulsifier; disperses impurities in goods;
ing prods. and skin care medications reduces scale deposition on equip.
Features: High affinity to nylon 6 and 6/6; not rec. in dyebath; very suitable Features: Mod. low foaming; alkali stability > 60 g/l caustic soda
for differential dyed fabrics; stable @ pH 2.3-6.0 Use Level: 5-10 g/l (continuous under liquor); 1-2 g/l (exhaust); 10-20 g/l (cold
Use Level: 3-6% (exhaust applic., pad-steam applic.) pad batch)
Properties: Brn. sl. turbid liq.; misc. with water in all proportions; sp.gr. 1.2; Properties: Pale yel. clear liq.; pH 3-5 (10%); anionic
pH 5.5-6.5 Baysolex® RP [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile]

58 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Beizym X-1S

Chem. Descrip.: Enzyme aq. prep. Chem. Descrip.: Bacteria amylase


Uses: Aftersoaping agent for reactive dyeings, esp. for deep shades CAS 9000-92-4; EINECS/ELINCS 232-567-7
Features: For use with Baysolex RP-A Assist Uses: Enzymatic desizing agent for decomp. of starch @ 60-100 C
Properties: Brn. clear liq.; dens. 1.0 g/ml (23 C); pH 4-7 Features: Thermostable at temps. for desizing (65-70 C) and at boiling
Storage: 6 mos shelf life in closed containers, preferably below 30 C; efficacy Use Level: 0.5-2 g/l (discontinous); 2-5 g/l (continuous)
may be reduced if stored @ higher temps. Beisol LZV [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Baysolex® RP-A Assist [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Chem. Descrip.: Bacteria amylase
Chem. Descrip.: Aq. buffer sol’n. process regulator CAS 9000-92-4; EINECS/ELINCS 232-567-7
Uses: Aftersoaping agent for reactive dyeings, esp. for deep shades Uses: Enzymatic desizing agent for decomp. of starch @ 30-60 C
Features: For use with Baysolex RP Features: Highly conc.; most effective @ 65-75 C and pH of 5.4-8.0
Properties: Ylsh. brn. clear liq.; dens. 1.1 g/ml (23 C); pH 4-8 Use Level: 1-2 g/l (discontinous); 2-5 g/l (continuous)
Storage: 6 mos shelf life in closed containers, preferably below 30 C; efficacy Beisol T 2090 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
may be reduced if stored @ higher temps.; wh. deposits may form if stored Chem. Descrip.: Bacteria amylase
@ lower temps.; these redissolve above 10 C and may require brief stirring CAS 9000-92-4; EINECS/ELINCS 232-567-7
Baystabil® DB [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Uses: Enzymatic desizing agent for decomp. of starch @ 20-100 C
Chem. Descrip.: Combination of org. hydroxy compds. and carboxylic acids Use Level: 1-3 g/l (discontinous); 3-5 g/l (continuous)
Uses: Stabilizer for continuous and batch alkaline hydrogen peroxide bleach- Beixon AB [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
ing of cellulosic fibers and their blends; complexing agent protecting goods Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate copolymer with saccharides
from catalytic damage caused by iron and other heavy metals Uses: Sequestrant for washing, desizing, bleaching, and dyeing processes
Features: Stable against high amts. of alkali; nonfoaming; improves appear- Features: Improves soil-carrying capacity in washing liquors; free from
ance of goods and handle; contributes to superior white; compat. with alka- phosphor
lis, peroxide, sodium silicate, surfactants, electrolytes, and optical brighten- Environmental: Completely biodeg.
ers Beixon AB 200% [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Use Level: 5-10 ml/l (cold pad-batch extraction bleaching); 2-4 ml/l (continu- Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylate copolymer with saccharides
ous bleaching, pad-steam) Uses: Sequestrant for washing, desizing, bleaching, and dyeing processes
Properties: Ylsh. brn. clear liq.; readily misc. with water; pH 10.5-11.5 (1%, Features: Improves soil-carrying capacity in washing liquors; free from
0 C); anionic phosphor; double conc. form of Beixon AB
Storage: 1 yr storage stability Environmental: Completely biodeg.
Baystabil® PB [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Beixon Acid [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Chem. Descrip.: Combination of org. hydroxy compds. and carboxylic acids Chem. Descrip.: Mixt. of min. and carboyxlic acids with sugar acrylic acid
Uses: Stabilizer for continuous and batch alkaline hydrogen peroxide bleach- copolymers
ing of cellulosic fibers and their blends; complexing agent protecting goods Uses: Sequestrant for acid demineralization of cellulose fibers, and in acid
from catalytic damage caused by iron and other heavy metals dyeing processes
Features: Stable against high amts. of alkali; nonfoaming; improves appear- Features: Very good alkaline earth and heavy metal binding capacities;
ance of goods and handle; contributes to superior white; compat. with alka- phosphor-free; not steam-volatile; doesn’t cause any annoying odors in hot
lis, peroxide, sodium silicate, surfactants, electrolytes, and optical brighten- or cold liquors
ers Use Level: 1.5-3.5 g/l (discontinuous); 3-6 g/l (continuous)
Use Level: 5-10 ml/l (cold pad-batch extraction bleaching); 2-4 ml/l (continu- Environmental: Easily biodeg.
ous bleaching, pad-steam) Beixon NE [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Properties: Brn. clear liq.; readily misc. with water; pH 8-10 (1%, 20 C); Chem. Descrip.: Mixt. of polyacrylate copolymers with saccharides
anionic Uses: Sequestrant, dispersant for washing, desizing, and demineralization
Storage: 1 yr storage stability processes
Beam Eze [Process Chems. LLC/Textiles] Features: Rec. in neutral to sl. acid media; phosphor-free
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene with syn. and fatty lubricants Use Level: 1-3 g/l (discontinuous); 3-5 g/l (continuous)
Uses: Yarn lubricant, finishing softener for denim Environmental: Biodeg.
Features: Provides soft but sturdy hand; low BOD alternative to starch-based Beixon STAB [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
beaming aids; prolongs needle life in automated cutting and sewing opera- Chem. Descrip.: Saccharide-acrylate copolymers with carboxylic acids
tions Uses: Peroxide stabilizer for discontinuous and continuous peroxide bleach-
Use Level: 2-6% (denim dyeing), 4-8% (softener) ing processes; sequestrant for hardening agents and heavy metal ions,
Properties: Amber emulsion; 8-20% act.; nonionic/sl. cationic preventing formation of deposits
Toxicology: TSCA listed Features: Phosphor-free
Storage: Store in a dry area Environmental: Easily biodeg.
BeFresh® TF-3000K [High Point] Beizym N 100 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Chem. Descrip.: Core/shell encapsulation contg. chitosan Chem. Descrip.: Buffered neutral cellulase
CAS 9012-76-4; EINECS/ELINCS 222-311-2 CAS 9012-54-8; EINECS/ELINCS 232-734-4
Uses: Deodorizer which neutralizes both acidic and basic body odors, plus Uses: Enzyme, dispersant for enzymatic stone washing of blue jeans
some efficacy on smoke and urine odors, for use on cotton, polyester, nylon, Features: Optimum efficiency @ pH 6-8 and 50-55 C; helps keep back-
wool, and silk fibers, and apparel and nonwoven fabrics, for pad and spray staining very low
applic. Use Level: 0.5-1.5%
Features: High durability even after 50 home launderings; rec. for use with Beizym UL [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Hipoguard TF-3500 binder Chem. Descrip.: Acid cellulase
Use Level: 4% owg BeFresh TF-3000K with 2% owg Hipoguard TF-3500 CAS 9012-54-8; EINECS/ELINCS 232-734-4
(100% cotton) Uses: Enzyme for enzymatic stone treatment of blue jeans; surf. treatment
Properties: Wh. to lt. brn.; visc. < 1000 mPa•s; pH 7-8; 4.5-6.0 solids agent for wovens and knits, removing fiber fluff, chafe marks, and pilling;
Environmental: Environmentally friendly defibrillation agent for lyocell fibers
Beisol DO Conc. [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] Features: Optimum efficiency @ pH 4.5-5.5 and 45-55 C
Uses: Desizing agent for oxidative decomp. of starch size Use Level: 0.75-1.5% (surf. treatment); 0.5-1.5% (blue denim)
Features: Mainly for applic. in continuous alkali pretreatment and bleach, Properties: Liq.; nonionic
preferably with cold bleaches instead of a separate enzymatic desizing Beizym X-1S [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
process, or to improve desizing effect Chem. Descrip.: Cellulase with acid pH buffer and dispersants
Use Level: 2-5 g/l CAS 9012-54-8; EINECS/ELINCS 232-734-4
Beisol HTS [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] Uses: Enzyme, buffer, dispersant for indigo-dyed denim articles and jeans

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 59


Beizym X-F Conc.

with and without pumice stones 100% act.; nonionic


Features: Optimum efficiency @ pH 4.0-6.5 and 43 C Environmental: Biodeg.
Use Level: 0.5-2.0% Berol 302 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Properties: Granulate; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: PEG-2 oleamine
Beizym X-F Conc. [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] CAS 25307-17-9
Chem. Descrip.: Acid cellulase Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for
CAS 9012-54-8; EINECS/ELINCS 232-734-4 agric., leather, textiles, metalworking and plastic industries
Uses: Enzyme for enzymatic stone washing and wash-out effects on blue Properties: Gardner < 15 liq.; sol. @ 5% in ethanol, IPA, low aromatic
jeans solvs., wh. spirit, xylene; disp. in propylene glycol; dens. 910 kg/m3; visc.
Features: Optimum efficiency @ pH 4.0-6.5 and 40-45 C; very low back- 150 mPa•s; pour pt. 1 C; clear pt. 4 C; pH 9 (1% aq.); 100% act.; cationic
staining; high enzyme activity Environmental: Biodeg.
Use Level: 0.3-1.0% Berol 307 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Properties: Liq.; nonionic Chem. Descrip.: PEG-2 cocamine
Belclene® 640 [BioLab Water Addit.] CAS 61791-14-8
Chem. Descrip.: Aminotris (methylenephosphonic acid) aq. sol’n. Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather,
CAS 6419-19-8; EINECS/ELINCS 229-146-5 textiles, metalworking and plastic industries
Uses: Sequestrant and calcium carbonate scale inhibitor for industrial water Properties: Gardner < 6 clear liq.; sol. @ 5% in ethanol, IPA, low aromatic
treatment, industrial cleaning, oil prod., and textile bleaching solvs., propylene glycol, wh. spirit, xylene; disp. in water; dens. 910 kg/
Properties: Colorless to pale yel. clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.35; pH 2.0 max.; 48- m3; visc. 150 mPa•s; cloud pt. 47 C (5 g in 25 ml 25% butyl diglycol); clear
52% act. pt. 11 C; surf. tens. 27 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting 60 s (0.1%); Ross-
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 10,000 mg/kg; irritating to eyes and skin Miles foam 20 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act.
Environmental: Eliminated from waste water plants by precipitation with ferric Environmental: Biodeg.
and aluminum salts Precaution: Corrosive
Belclene® 660 [BioLab Water Addit.] Berol 381 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Chem. Descrip.: 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid aq. sol’n. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-15 hydrogenated tallowamine
CAS 2809-21-4; EINECS/ELINCS 220-552-8 CAS 61791-26-2
Uses: Sequestrant and calcium carbonate scale inhibitor for industrial water Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather,
treatment, industrial cleaning, oil prod., and textile bleaching textiles, metalworking and plastics industries
Properties: Clear to yel. liq.; sp.gr. 1.45; visc. 38 cSt; pH < 2; 60% act.; Properties: Gardner < 7 liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, propylene
phosphorous acid (< 4%), chloride (< 1%) glycol, xylene; dens. 1030 kg/m3; visc. 600 mPa•s; pour pt. 5 C; cloud pt.
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg; irritating to eyes; nonirritating to 77-87 C (1% in 10% NaCl); clear pt. 11 C; flash pt. > 100 C; pH 9 (1%
skin; not a skin sensitizer aq.); surf. tens. 39 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting > 600 s (0.1%); Ross-
Environmental: LC50 (rainbow trout, 96 h) > 300 mg/l; EC50 (daphnia, 48 h) Miles foam 55 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act.
> 500 mg/l; 33% biodeg. in 28 days Berol 386 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Belfasin® 320 Crushed [Cognis/Textiles] Chem. Descrip.: PEG-20 hydrogenated tallowamine
Chem. Descrip.: Modified fatty amides CAS 61791-26-2
Uses: Softener conc. providing smooth, full hand for use on pkg. dyed yarns Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather,
Properties: Cationic textiles, metalworking and plastics industries
Berol 28 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Properties: Gardner < 15 liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, propylene
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-7 oleamine glycol, xylene; dens. 1040 kg/m3; visc. 350 mPa•s; pour pt. 18 C; cloud pt.
CAS 26635-93-8 85 C (1% in 10% NaCl); clear pt. 36 C; pH 9 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 40 mN/
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for m (0.1%); Draves wetting > 600 s (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 60 mm (initial,
agric., leather, textiles, metalworking and plastic industries 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act.
Properties: Gardner ≤ 12 liq.; sol. @ 5% in alcohols, low aromatic solvs., Precaution: Corrosive
propylene glycol, wh. spirit, xylene, water; sp.gr. 0.980 g/cc; visc. 160 Berol 387 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
mNs/m; HLB 10.6; pour pt. -15 C; cloud pt. 42 C (1% in 10% NaCl); pH Chem. Descrip.: PEG-40 hydrogenated tallowamine
10 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 36.5 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting 10 g/l (25 s); CAS 61791-26-2
Ross-Miles foam 50 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% conc. Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather,
Precaution: Corrosive textiles, metalworking and plastics industries
Berol 190 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Properties: Gardner < 15 wax; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, propylene
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-75 castor oil glycol, xylene; dens. 1060 kg/m3; visc. 144 mPa•s; pour pt. 36 C; cloud pt.
CAS 61791-12-6 81-89 C (1% in 10% NaCl); flash pt. > 100 C; pH 9 (1% aq.); surf. tens.
Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier for chemical industry; softener, rewetting agent, 42 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting > 600 s (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 70
pigment dispersant, dye assistant, leveling agent for paints, textiles, leather; mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act.
lubricant and emulsifier in lubricants for plastics, metals, textiles Precaution: Corrosive
Properties: Gardner ≤ 5 wax; sol. @ 5% in ethanol, water, xylene; partly Berol 391 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
sol. in IPA; dens. 1060 kg/m3; visc. 260 mPa•s; HLB 15.7; sapon. no. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-5 hydrogenated tallowamine
37.5-42.5; pour pt. 37 C; cloud pt. 65 C (1% in 10% NaCl); flash pt. > 150 CAS 61791-26-2
C; pH 5-7 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 45 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting > 600 s Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather,
(0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 40 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act.; non- textiles, metalworking and plastics industries
ionic Properties: Gardner < 10 liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, low aromatic
Berol 199 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] solvs., propylene glycol, wh. spirit, xylene; dens. 960 kg/m3; visc. 160
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-32 castor oil mPa•s; pour pt. 8 C; cloud pt. 30 C (1% aq.); flash pt. > 100 C; pH 9 (1%
CAS 61791-12-6 aq.); surf. tens. 31 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting 110 s (0.1%); Ross-
Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier for chemical industry; softener, rewetting agent, Miles foam 15 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act.
pigment dispersant, dye assistant, leveling agent for paints, textiles, leather; Precaution: Corrosive
lubricant and emulsifier in lubricants for plastics, metals, textiles Berol 392 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB]
Properties: Gardner < 5 liq.; sol. @ 5% in ethanol, IPA, water, xylene; disp. Chem. Descrip.: PEG-15 hydrogenated tallowamine
in propylene glycol; dens. 1050 kg/m3; visc. 700 mPa•s; HLB 12.3; sapon. CAS 61791-26-2
no. 68-76; pour pt. 17 C; cloud pt. 70-74 C (5 g in 25 ml 25% butyl diglycol); Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather,
flash pt. > 100 C; pH 7-8 (5% aq.); surf. tens. 39 mN/m (0.1%); Draves textiles, metalworking and plastics industries
wetting > 600 s (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 40 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); Properties: Gardner < 15 liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, propylene

60 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Bioban® DXN

glycol, xylene; dens. 1030 kg/m3; visc. 270 mPa•s; pour pt. 8 C; cloud pt. alkylaryl polyglycol ethers
82 C (1% aq.); flash pt. > 100 C; pH 9 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 38 mN/m Uses: Wetting agent and detergent for textile scouring and bleaching
(0.1%); Draves wetting > 600 s (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 45 mm (initial, Features: Low foaming in presence of alkali; stable to acids, alkali, and hard
0.05%, 50 C); 100% act. water; for peroxide, chlorite, hypochlorite, and hydrosulfite by continuous
Precaution: Corrosive and semicontinuous processes
Berol 397 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Use Level: 0.5-1 g/l (wetting), 2-8 g/l (alkaline scouring), 1-2 g/l (bleaching),
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-15 cocamine 6-8 g/l (continuous bleaching)
CAS 61791-14-8 Properties: Colorless or sl. ylsh. liq.; sol. in hot and cold water; anionic
Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather, Environmental: Easily and quickly biodeg.
textiles, metalworking and plastics industries Beycostat B 706 E [Ceca SA]
Properties: Gardner < 10 liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, propylene Chem. Descrip.: Phosphate ester, TEA salt
glycol, xylene; dens. 1045 kg/m3; visc. 230 mPa•s; cloud pt. 85 C (1% in Uses: Antistat for textile lubricants
10% NaCl); clear pt. 10 C; surf. tens. 38 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting > Properties: Liq.; pH 7.1; anionic
600 s (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 110 mm (0.05%, 50 C); 100% act. Biavin 109 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH; CHT R. Beitlich Corp.]
Precaution: Corrosive Uses: Anticrease agent, gliding agent mainly for cotton dyeing, suitable for
Berol 455 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] one-bath dyeing of fiber blends with reactive, acid, or disperse dyes
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-3 tallow aminopropylamine Features: Conc.; no effect on shade and color depth; resist. to acids
CAS 90367-27-4; EINECS/ELINCS 291-275-8 Use Level: 0.3 g/l
Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather, Properties: Anionic
textiles, metalworking and plastics industries Biavin BPA [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Properties: Gardner < 14 liq.; sol. 5% in alcohols, low aromatic solvs., Uses: Anticrease agent, lubricant for all kinds of fibers with all dyestuff
propylene glycol, wh. spirit, xylene; disp. in water; dens. 930 kg/m3; visc. classes; inc. liquor visc. permitting more liquor to adhere to the fabric
440 mPa•s (30 C); pour pt. 25 C; cloud pt. 73 C (5 g in 25 ml 25% butyl Features: Nonfoaming
diglycol); surf. tens. 30 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting 420 s (0.1%); Ross- Use Level: 0.5-2.0 g/l (in long liquor)
Miles foam 15 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% conc. Properties: Liq.; nonionic
Berol 457 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Biavin GLM [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-5 tallowamine Uses: Anticrease agent, streak prevention agent for dyeing with reactive
CAS 61791-44-4 dyestuffs on cellulose fibers
Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather, Use Level: 0.3 g/l
textiles, metalworking and plastics industries Biavin TCC [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH]
Properties: Yel./brn. liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, low aromatic Uses: Anticrease agent, lubricant for all cellulose fibers and blends for dyeing
solvs., propylene glycol, wh. spirit, xylene; sp.gr. 0.95; visc. 100 mPa•s; on all machines
pour pt. 6 C; cloud pt. 22 C (1% aq.); clear pt. 18 C; flash pt. > 150 C; pH Features: Low foaming
10 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 34 mN/m (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 20 mm (initial, Use Level: 0.5-2.0 g/l
0.05%, 50 C); 100% act. Properties: Liq.; nonionic
Precaution: Corrosive Binder NU-3 [Eastman]
Berol 458 [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem.; Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic type
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-10 tallowamine Uses: Pigment print binder for textiles
CAS 61791-44-4 Features: Good colorfastness at low binder conc.
Uses: Emulsifier, wetting agent, antistat, corrosion inhibitor for agric., leather, Properties: Visc. < 500 cps; pH 7.2; 45% solids
textiles, metalworking and plastics industries Binder PN-5 [Eastman]
Properties: Gardner ≤ 9 clear liq.; sol. @ 5% in water, ethanol, IPA, Chem. Descrip.: Formulated acrylic type
propylene glycol, wh. spirit, xylene; dens. 1000 kg/m3; visc. 220 mPa•s; Uses: Pigment pad binder, pigment print binder for textile finishing
pour pt. 3 C; cloud pt. 71 C (1% in 10% NaCl); clear pt. 7 C; flash pt. > 100 Features: Low cost; good fastness
C; pH 10 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 36 mN/m (0.1%); Ross-Miles foam 80 mm Properties: pH 7.5; 24% solids
(initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 100% act. Binder PN-505 [Eastman]
Berol WASC [Akzo Nobel Surf. Chem. AB] Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic type
Chem. Descrip.: Nonylphenol ethoxylate Uses: Pigment pad binder for textile finishing, useful as low crock and
CAS 68412-54-4 antipilling agent
Uses: Household and industrial detergent; textile washing agent; dispersant Features: Med. hand
for paints, varnishes Properties: pH 6.5; 45% solids
Properties: Hazen < 150 clear liq.; sol. in water, ethanol; disp. in xylene, Binder VC-1 [Eastman]
trichloroethylene, paraffin oil, wh. spirit; dens. 1060 kg/m3; visc. 375 mPa•s; Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic type
HLB 14.1; pour pt. 0 C; cloud pt. 75-80 C (1% aq.); flash pt. > 100 C; pH Uses: Pigment print binder for textiles
5-7 (1% aq.); surf. tens. 32 mN/m (0.1%); Draves wetting 25 s (0.1%); Features: Self-crosslinking; low temp. curing
Ross-Miles foam 110 mm (initial, 0.05%, 50 C); 95% act.; nonionic Properties: Visc. < 200 cps; pH 8.0; 40% solids
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2 g/kg Bindzil® 50/80 [Eka Chems.]
Be Square® 175 [Bareco Prods.] Chem. Descrip.: Colloidal silica disp.
Chem. Descrip.: Microcryst. wax EINECS/ELINCS 231-545-4
CAS 63231-60-7; EINECS/ELINCS 264-038-1 Uses: Surf. sizing agent, antiskid agent used to frictionize linerboard, esp.
Uses: Protective barrier wax (against moisture vapor and gases) for hot-melt linerboard made from recycled fibers; frictionizer for textile or plastic films;
laminating adhesives and coatings, in antisunchecking agents in rubber high-temp. binder for inorg. fibers, refractories, ceramics, or catalysts; abra-
goods, elec. insulating agents, leather treating agents, water repellents for sive for polishing silicon wafers
textiles, rustproof coatings, cosmetic ingreds., as plasticizer in crayons, Properties: Wh. milky liq.; odorless; tasteless; 40 nm particle size; dens. 1.4
dental compds., chewing gum base, and candles g/cm3; visc. < 15 mPa•s; surf. area 80 m2/g; pH 9.3; 50% SiO2
Features: Plastic wax; offers high ductility, flexibility at very low temps. Bioban® DXN [ANGUS]
Regulatory: Incl. FDA §172.230, 172.615, 175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.180, Chem. Descrip.: 6-Acetoxy-2,4-dimethyl-m-dioxane
176.200, 177.1200, 178.3710, 179.45 CAS 828-00-2; EINECS/ELINCS 212-579-9
Properties: Amber wax; dens. 0.93 g/cc; visc. 13 cps (99 C); m.p. 83 C; Uses: Antimicrobial preservative, bacteriostat, fungistat used to preserve
flash pt. 293 C industrial water-based systems and emulsions incl. paints, coatings, textile
Betan DL [3V/Texprint] finishes, adhesives, leather processing liquors, distillate fuels
Chem. Descrip.: Blend of sulfonates and oxyethylenic condensates, free of Features: Patented; broad-spectrum; wide pH range usage

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 61


Biodac 39

Use Level: 0.1-0.2% Uses: Emulsifier, detergent intermediate for formulation of built detergents,
Regulatory: EPA reg. no. 824-7 dishwash, all-purpose cleaners, acid cleaners, degreasers, industrial clean-
Properties: Yel. to amber liq.; sol. in water, org. solvs.; m.w. 174.2; sp.gr. ers; textile scouring, wetting, bleaching, dyeing assistant
1.060-1.075; f.p. < -25 C; b.p. ≈ 210 C; flash pt. (TCC) 125 F; ref. index Features: High foamer when neutralized
1.430-1.437 (20 C); 85-95% assay Properties: Brn. visc. liq.; water sol.; sp.gr. 1.04; 97% act.; anionic
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 2457 mg/kg, (dermal, rabbit) > 4 ml/kg; mod. eye Environmental: Biodeg.
irritant; nonirritating to skin; nonsensitizing in humans BIO-TERGE® AS-40 [Stepan; Stepan Canada]
Storage: Store in dry, cool, well-ventilated area; avoid open flames and other Chem. Descrip.: Sodium C14-16 olefin sulfonate
ignition sources; keep container closed CAS 68439-57-6; EINECS/ELINCS 270-407-8
Biodac 39 [Condea Italy] Uses: Detergent, foaming agent for personal care (shampoos, hand soaps,
Chem. Descrip.: Linear alcohol C10 ethoxylate 3 EO bath prods.), commercial and industrial formulations; scouring, wetting, bleach-
Uses: Wetting agent and intermediate for textile auxiliaries ing, and dye assistant for textiles
Properties: Clear liq. (20 C); HLB 10 Features: Provides exc. flash foam; contains no phosphates
Biodac 410 [Condea Italy] Properties: Yel. liquid; water sol.; dens. 8.9 lb/gal; 40% act. in water; anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Isodecyl ethoxylate 4 EO Environmental: Biodeg.
CAS 61827-42-7 BIO-TERGE® PAS-8S [Stepan; Stepan Canada; Stepan Europe]
Uses: Wetting agent and intermediate for textile auxiliaries Chem. Descrip.: Sodium caprylyl sulfonate
Properties: Clear liq. (20 C); HLB 11.4; nonionic CAS 13419-61-9; EINECS/ELINCS 236-525-9
bioMeT® TBTO [Atofina; Atofina SA] Uses: Hydrotrope and detergent used in acid, alkaline, high electrolyte or
Chem. Descrip.: Bis (tributyltin) oxide bleach containing cleaners for I&I and household markets, e.g., acid clean-
CAS 56-35-9; EINECS/ELINCS 200-268-0 ers, carpet steam cleaners, automatic dishwash; textile penetrant, dye dis-
Uses: Antimicrobial for paper mill slime control, industrial cooling water, sec. persant; metalworking formulations
oil recovery, hospital use, textiles, plastics, urethane foam, paper preserva- Properties: Water-wh. to pale yel. clear liq.; cloud pt. 15 C; pH 6 (1%); 35%
tion; antifoulant for shipbottom paints; wood preservative act.; anionic
Properties: Straw-colored clear liq.; sol. in org. solvs.; relatively insol. in Biotouch® [Enzyme Development]
water; m.w. 596; sp.gr. 1.17; dens. 9.7 lb/gal; f.p. < -45 C; b.p. 180 C (2 Uses: Enzyme for textile finishing
mm); flash pt. (TCC) > 100 C; 96% assay, 38.8% tin Features: Changes look and feel of various fabrics
Toxicology: Extremely irritating to eyes and skin; can cause eye damage; Bisomer IDMA [Laporte Perf. Chems.]
prolonged/repeated skin contact can cause chemical burns Chem. Descrip.: Isodecyl methacrylate with MEHQ (75-125 ppm)
BioPrep® [Novozymes A/S] CAS 29964-84-9; EINECS/ELINCS 249-978-2
Chem. Descrip.: Pectinase Uses: Monomer for use in automotive and thermoplastic coatings, pressure-
CAS 9032-75-1; EINECS/ELINCS 232-885-6 sensitive adhesives, sealants, textile finishes, and potting aids
Uses: Enzyme used in textiles for biopreparation, i.e., the removal of Properties: Pt-Co 100 max. clear color; m.w. 226; 0.3% max. water
noncellulosic components from fabrics (scouring) Toxicology: TSCA listed
Features: Alkaline Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight
BioShield AM 500 [Apollo] Bisomer LMA [Laporte Perf. Chems.]
Chem. Descrip.: Antimicrobial dispersed in water Chem. Descrip.: Lauryl methacrylate, technical grade with MEHQ inhibitor
Uses: Antimicrobial for textiles (75-125 ppm)
BIO-SOFT® CS 50 [Stepan Europe] CAS 142-90-5; EINECS/ELINCS 205-570-6
Chem. Descrip.: Fatty alcohol ethoxylate (50 EO) Uses: Monomer for use in thermoplastic coatings, pressure-sensitive adhe-
Uses: Emulsifier, dispersant, and detergent for deodorizing blocks, laundry sives, sealants, floor polishes, textile finishes, and potting aids
cleaners; leveling agent for wool dyeing; dispersant for acrylic dyeing Properties: Pt-Co 100 max. color; insol. in water; m.w. 254; visc. 6 mPa•s;
Properties: Wh. flakes; 100% act.; nonionic flash pt. (PMCC) 110 C; 0.1% max. water
BIO-SOFT® D-40 [Stepan; Stepan Canada; Stepan Europe] Toxicology: TSCA listed
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight
CAS 25155-30-0; EINECS/ELINCS 246-680-4 Bisomer LMA97 [Laporte Perf. Chems.]
Uses: Detergent, foaming agent, wetting agent, emulsifier, detergent base for Chem. Descrip.: Lauryl methacrylate with MEHQ (300-500 ppm)
household, I&I cleaners; emulsifier, penetrant, and dye dispersant for tex- CAS 142-90-5; EINECS/ELINCS 205-570-6
tiles Uses: Monomer for use in thermoplastic coatings, pressure-sensitive adhe-
Properties: Clear liq.; bland odor; water sol.; dens. 8.7 lb/gal; cloud pt. 29 C; sives, sealants, floor polishes, textile finishes, and potting aids
40% act.; anionic Properties: Pt-Co 100 max. color; insol. in water; m.w. 254; visc. 6 mPa•s;
Environmental: Biodeg. flash pt. (PMCC) 110 C; 0.15% max. water
BIO-SOFT® D-62 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Toxicology: TSCA listed
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight
CAS 25155-30-0; EINECS/ELINCS 246-680-4 Bisomer MPEG 350MA [Laporte Perf. Chems.]
Uses: Detergent, foaming agent, wetting agent, emulsifier, detergent base for Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy PEG 350 methacrylate (CAS 26915-72-0) with
household, I&I cleaners; emulsifier, penetrant, and dye dispersant for tex- MEHQ (0.45-0.55%)
tiles CAS 26915-72-0
Properties: Straw, yel. slurry; bland odor; water sol.; dens. 9.1 lb/gal; 60% Uses: Monomer for preparation of waterborne and water thinnable polymers,
act.; anionic corrosion/scale inhibitors, textile treatments, adhesive applics.; steric stabi-
Environmental: Biodeg. lizer and controlled release device for drug use
BIO-SOFT® EA-8 [Stepan; Stepan Canada] Properties: Pale yel. color; sol. 49% in water; m.w. 430; visc. 18 mPa•s;
Chem. Descrip.: Linear alkoxypolyoxethylene ethanols sapon. no. 127-140; flash pt. (PMCC) 205 C; 0.5% max. water
Uses: Wetting agent, emulsifier, detergent for chemical specialties, laundry Toxicology: TSCA listed
detergents, agric. emulsions, sanitizers, metal cleaning and pickling, tex- Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight
tiles, and petrol. Bisomer MPEG 550MA [Laporte Perf. Chems.]
Properties: Hazy wh. liq.; sol. in org. solv., oil, water; dens. 8.42 lb/gal; Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy PEG 550 methacrylate (CAS 26915-72-0) with
sp.gr. 1.01; cloud pt. 46-58.5 C; 100% act.; nonionic MEHQ (0.15-0.2%)
Environmental: Biodeg. CAS 26915-72-0
BIO-SOFT® S-100 [Stepan; Stepan Canada; Stepan Europe] Uses: Monomer for preparation of waterborne and water thinnable polymers,
Chem. Descrip.: Linear dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid corrosion/scale inhibitors, textile treatments, adhesive applics.; steric stabi-
CAS 27176-87-0; EINECS/ELINCS 248-289-4 lizer and controlled release device for drug use

62 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Blo-Foam® BBSH

Properties: Pale yel. color; m.w. 628; sapon. no. 85-95 Uses: Modifier for textiles, adhesives, paints, syn. resins, etc.; crosslinking
Toxicology: TSCA listed agent; antistat
Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight Features: Hydrophilic
Bisomer PEG 200DMA [Laporte Perf. Chems.] Properties: M.w. 163-173
Chem. Descrip.: PEG 200 dimethacrylate with MEHQ (300-500 ppm) Blemmer PE-200 [NOF]
CAS 25852-47-5 Chem. Descrip.: PEG monomethacrylate
Uses: Crosslinking agent for anaerobic adhesives, castings, plastisols, coat- Uses: Modifier for textiles, adhesives, paints, syn. resins, etc.; crosslinking
ings, and fibers; in dental industry for preparation of dental composites agent; antistat
containing ceramic filler; modifier for radiation-curable coatings for imaging Features: Hydrophilic
processes, textile treatments, paper processing, anaerobic adhesives; resin Properties: M.w. 261-303
modifier Blemmer PE-350 [NOF]
Properties: Pt-Co 100 max. color; m.w. 330; flash pt. (PMCC) > 160 C; Chem. Descrip.: PEG monomethacrylate
0.2% max. water Uses: Modifier for textiles, adhesives, paints, syn. resins, etc.; crosslinking
Toxicology: TSCA listed agent; antistat
Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight Features: Hydrophilic
Bisomer S10W [Laporte Perf. Chems.] Blemmer PME-100 [NOF]
Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy PEG 1000 methacrylate in 50% water with Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy-PEG-2 monomethacrylate
MEHQ (750-950 ppm) Uses: Modifier for textiles, adhesives; paints, coatings, inks, resins; antistat
CAS 26915-72-0 Blemmer PME-200 [NOF]
Uses: Monomer for preparation of corrosion/scale inhibitors and textile treat- Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy-PEG-4 monomethacrylate
ments; in controlled release devices for drug use Uses: Modifier for textiles, adhesives; paints, coatings, inks, resins; antistat
Properties: Colorless to pale yel. liq.; m.w. 1080; visc. 42 mPa•s; sapon. no. Blemmer PME-400 [NOF]
23-28; 49-51% solids Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy-PEG-9 monomethacrylate
Toxicology: TSCA listed Uses: Modifier for textiles, adhesives; paints, coatings, inks, resins; antistat
Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight Blemmer PTT [NOF]
Bisomer S20W [Laporte Perf. Chems.] Chem. Descrip.: Trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate
Chem. Descrip.: Methoxy PEG 2000 methacrylate in 50% water with CAS 3290-92-4; EINECS/ELINCS 221-950-4
MEHQ (0.22-0.28%) Uses: Crosslinking agent; rubber; syn. resin modifier; plastisols; paints;
CAS 26915-72-0 adhesives; molded-article modifier; photosensitive resins; textile modifier
Uses: Monomer for preparation of corrosion/scale inhibitors, and textile treat- Blemmer SB [NOF]
ments; in controlled release devices for drug use Chem. Descrip.: Soy oil fatty acid glycidyl ester
Properties: Colorless to pale yel. liq.; m.w. 2080; visc. 40 mPa•s; sapon. no. Uses: Dispersant; surf.-treating agent; paint modifier; epoxy resins; syn.
12-16; 48-52% solids resins; syn. and nat. textiles stabilizer
Toxicology: TSCA listed Blemmer SF [NOF]
Storage: Store in cool place @ < 20 C protected from direct sunlight Chem. Descrip.: Safflower fatty acid glycidyl ester
Blankit® [BASF AG] Uses: Dispersant; surf.-treating agent; paint modifier; epoxy resins; syn.
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dithionite resins; syn. and nat. textiles stabilizer
CAS 7775-14-6; EINECS/ELINCS 231-890-0 Blockout RP [Eastman]
Uses: Bleaching agent for textile, leather, fur, pulp/paper industries Chem. Descrip.: Clay/acrylic blend
Features: Stabilized Uses: Whitener for textiles
Blemmer AM [NOF] Features: High coverage; soft hand; requires no additional binder
Chem. Descrip.: Linseed fatty acid glycidyl ester Properties: Visc. 7500-9000 cps; pH 10; 48% solids
Uses: Dispersant; surf.-treating agent; paint modifier; epoxy resins; syn. Blo-Foam® ADC-MP [Rit-Chem]
resins; syn. and nat. textiles stabilizer Chem. Descrip.: Modified azodicarbonamide
Blemmer DFA [NOF] CAS 123-77-3; EINECS/ELINCS 204-650-8
Chem. Descrip.: Coconut fatty acid glycidyl ester Uses: Chemical blowing agent for extrusion foam of chemically crosslinked
Uses: Dispersant for inorg. filler; surf.-treating agent; paint modifier; epoxy polyolefins, esp. polyethylene, which can be made less dense than other
resins; syn. resins; syn. and nat. textiles stabilizer; reactive diluent for foams, for trimming, upholstery, insulation, sealing, sound deadening in
epoxy resin construction, linings, protective padding, flotation devices, sport shoes, pro-
Features: Exc. flexibility tective pkg.
Blemmer L [NOF] Properties: Orange-yel. fine powd.; 10-12 µ particle size; decomp. temp.
Chem. Descrip.: Lauric acid glycidyl ester 193-198 C; gas vol. 205-210 ml/g @ STP; pH 9-10
CAS 1984-77-6 Blo-Foam® ADC-NP [Rit-Chem]
Uses: Dispersant; surf.-treating agent; paint modifier; epoxy resins; syn. Chem. Descrip.: Modified azodicarbonamide
resins; syn. and nat. textiles stabilizer CAS 123-77-3; EINECS/ELINCS 204-650-8
Blemmer PDE-100 [NOF] Uses: Chemical blowing agent for extrusion foam of chemically crosslinked
Chem. Descrip.: Diethylene glycol dimethacrylate polyolefins, esp. polyethylene, which can be made less dense than other
CAS 2358-84-1; EINECS/ELINCS 219-099-9 foams, for trimming, upholstery, insulation, sealing, sound deadening in
Uses: Crosslinking agent; rubber; syn. resin modifier; plastisols; paints; construction, linings, protective padding, flotation devices, sport shoes, pro-
adhesives; molded-article modifier; photosensitive resins; textile modifier tective pkg.
Blemmer PDE-200 [NOF] Properties: Orange-yel. fine powd.; 10-12 µ particle size; decomp. temp.
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-200 dimethacylate 180-185 C; gas vol. 195-200 ml/g @ STP; pH 6-7
CAS 25852-47-5 Blo-Foam® BBSH [Rit-Chem]
Uses: Crosslinking agent; rubber; syn. resin modifier; plastisols; paints; Chem. Descrip.: p,p´-Oxybis (benzene sulfonyl hydrazide)
adhesives; molded-article modifier; photosensitive resins; textile modifier CAS 80-51-3; EINECS/ELINCS 201-286-1
Blemmer PDE-400 [NOF] Uses: Chemical blowing agent for processing of natural and syn. sponge
Chem. Descrip.: PEG-400 dimethacylate rubber and expanded plastics, esp. EVA copolymers, LDPE, and PVC for
CAS 25852-47-5 cellular cable insulation, rug underlay, gaskets, upholstery material, adhe-
Uses: Crosslinking agent; rubber; syn. resin modifier; plastisols; paints; sives
adhesives; molded-article modifier; photosensitive resins; textile modifier Properties: Wh. fine cryst. powd.; 5 µ avg. particle diam.; very sol. in
Blemmer PE-90 [NOF] DMSO, DMF; mod. sol. in alcohol, polyalkylene glycols; insol. in water,
Chem. Descrip.: PEG monomethacrylate benzene; reacts with acetone, MEK; m.w. 358.39; sp.gr. 1.55; decomp.

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 63


Blue-J 421

temp. 156-162 C; gas vol. 120-125 ml/g @ STP; pH 7-7.5 cooling and boiler waters, textile scouring, oil field, cleaners, peroxide stabi-
Toxicology: Avoid ingestion, inhalation of dust, excessive skin contact lization, bottle wash, photographic, concrete admixture, desalination
Precaution: Flamm. solid; will continue to burn once ignited, giving off intense antiscalant
heat and large volumes of dense smoke Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312/313 nonreportable
Storage: Store in cool, dry place away from heat sources, flames, direct Properties: Amber clear liq.; char. odor; misc. with water; sp.gr. 1.44 (20/4
sunlight C); visc. 100 cps (20 C); m.p. ≈ -20 C; b.p. 105 C; pH 10.5 (1%); 40%
Blue-J 421 [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] act.
Chem. Descrip.: Blend of amylase enzymes, penetrants, and wetting agents Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 14,400 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) 14,400 mg/kg; not
Uses: Desizing agent for textiles expected to cause significant irritation to eyes, skin, digestive tract, lungs,
Blue-J Ocean Prep [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] upper respiratory tract; may cause redness, itching of eyes, skin; may
Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant cause nausea, vomiting, coughing; TSCA listed
Uses: Desizing agent for denim Environmental: EC50 (rainbow trout, 48 h) 4300 mg/l; may cause adverse
Features: Reduces streaks on difficult fabrics that are prone to streaking environmental impact if material reaches waterways; not readily biodeg.
Blue-J Primascour [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizers, strong acids; avoid heat, temps.
Uses: Dispersant and detergent for antiredeposition of indigo dyes above 200 C
Properties: Anionic Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: POx, CO2, acids of phosphorus
Blue-J Spectra Kleen [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] NFPA: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 1
Uses: Dispersant for desizing, abrasion, or cleanup to remove or prevent Storage: Store in unopened containers under cool, dry conditions away from
redeposition of indigo dyes oxidizers
Properties: Nonionic Briquest® 301-32S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Blue-J Super Block [Bayer/Industrial Chems./Textile] Chem. Descrip.: Tetrasodium aminotris (methylene phosphonic acid) aq.
Uses: Dispersant for scavenging loose dyestuff and preventing redeposition sol’n.
of indigo dyes Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
Features: Eliminates indigo backstaining in panels and pocketing textiles
Properties: Nonionic Properties: 32% act.
Bondedgegum NP-4 [Apollo] Briquest® 301-50A [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.; Rhodia UK/Phosphorus
Uses: Anticurling agent with exc. adhesion for all types of synthetic knit and Perf. Derivs.]
cotton jersey fabrics Chem. Descrip.: Aminotris (methylenephosphonic acid) (40%), phosphorous
Features: Nonpermanent; nonflamm. acid (5%), HCl (1%) aq. sol’n.
Properties: Liq.; easily diluted with water UN No. 3265
Briquest® 2N81-25S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Sequestrant used in water treatment industry for corrosion/scale con-
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium n-octyliminobis (methylenephosphonate) aq. sol’n. trol, threshold scale inhibition, hydrolytic stability, and in bottle washing,
Uses: Sequestrant, scale inhibitor for water treatment, cooling waters, oil field, textile processing, I&I compounding, photographic chems., concrete ad-
textile processing mixture, oil drilling muds
Properties: Liq.; 25% act. Regulatory: Also avail. kosher certified; DOT corrosive; SARA §311/312
Briquest® 221-50A [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] acute hazard, §313 nonreportable
Chem. Descrip.: Ethanolaminebis (methylenephosphonic acid) (25%), phos- Properties: Amber clear liq.; sl. char. odor; misc. with water; m.w. 299; sp.gr.
phonic acid, [(tetrahydro-2-hydroxy-4H-1,4,2-oxazaphosphorin-4-yl) methyl]- 1.33 (20/4 C); visc. 70 cps (20 C); m.p. ≈ -20 C; b.p. 108 C; pH < 1.8
, P-oxide (24%), HCl (2%), phosphorous acid (1%), phosphoric acid (< (1%); 50% act.
1%) Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 5000 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 200 mg/kg; irritating
UN No. 3265 to eyes, skin, digestive tract, lungs, upper respiratory tract; may cause
Uses: Chelating agent, sequestrant, scale inhibitor, corrosion inhibitor, deter- nausea, vomiting, coughing, shortness of breath; TSCA listed
gent for water treatment, detergent industries, textile processing, cooling Environmental: LC50 (rainbow trout, 96 h) > 330 mg/l; EC50 (daphnia
water treatment; crystal growth modifier magna, 48 h) 297 mg/l; not expected to cause significant adverse environ-
Features: Hydrolytic stability mental impact if material reaches waterways; readily biodeg.
Regulatory: DOT corrosive; SARA §311/312 acute hazard, §313 reportable Precaution: Corrosive; incompat. with strong oxidizers, strong bases; avoid
(HCl) heat, temps. above 200 C
Properties: Colorless clear liq.; sl. char. odor; sol. in water; m.w. 249; sp.gr. Hazardous Ingreds.: COx, POx, acids of phosphorus
1.29 (20/4 C); visc. 55 cps (20 C); nonflamm.; pH 1.8 (1%); 50% act. NFPA: Health 3; Flammability 1; Reactivity 1
Toxicology: Corrosive; causes corrosive effects (burns or irreversible dam- Storage: Store in unopened containers in cool, dry, well-ventilated area away
age) to eyes, skin, mouth, throat, digestive tract, lungs, upper respiratory from oxidizers and strong alkalis
tract; may cause coughing, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath; TSCA Briquest® 422-22K [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
listed Chem. Descrip.: Potassium ethylenediaminetetrakis (methylene phospho-
Environmental: May cause adverse environmental impact if material reaches nate) aq. sol’n.
waterways; high conc. will harm aquatic life by effect on pH; biodeg. Uses: Sequestrant, threshold scale inhibitor, dispersant for water treatment,
Precaution: Corrosive; incompat. with strong oxidizers, strong bases; avoid detergents, textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation
heat, temps. above 200 C Properties: 22% act.
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: POx, CO2, acids of phosphorus Briquest® 422-25S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
NFPA: Health 3; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Chem. Descrip.: Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]]
Storage: Store in unopened containers in cool, dry, well-ventilated area away tetrakis-, pentasodium salt
from oxidizers and strong alkalis CAS 7651-99-2; EINECS/ELINCS 231-615-4
Briquest® 281-25S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Corrosion inhibitor; sequestrant, threshold scale inhibitor, dispersant for
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium (2-ethylhexyl) iminobis (methylenephosphonate) water treatment, detergents, textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation
aq. sol’n. Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312/313 nonreportable
Uses: Sequestrant, scale inhibitor for water treatment, cooling water, oil field, Properties: Amber clear liq.; char. odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.33 (20/4 C);
textile processing visc. < 17 cSt (20 C); vapor pressure < 17 mm Hg; nonflamm.; pH 8 (10
Properties: Liq.; 25% act. g/l, 20 C)
Briquest® 301-30SH [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.; Rhodia UK/Phospho- Toxicology: Not expected to cause significant irritation to eyes, skin, digestive
rus Perf. Derivs.] tract, lungs, upper respiratory tract; may cause redness/itching of skin/
Chem. Descrip.: Pentasodium aminotrimethylene phosphonate eyes, nausea, vomiting, coughing, shortness of breath; TSCA listed
CAS 2235-43-0; EINECS/ELINCS 218-791-8 Environmental: EC50 (rainbow trout, 48 h) 8300 mg/l; may cause adverse
Uses: Sequestrant, scale inhibitor, and corrosion inhibitor in water treatment, environmental impact if material reaches waterways; not readily biodeg.

64 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Briquest® ADPA-60A

Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizers; avoid heat Properties: 25% act.
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: COx, NOx, POx, acids of phosphorus Briquest® 543-30AS [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
NFPA: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Chem. Descrip.: Partially neutralized diethylene triamine pentakis methylene
Storage: Store in unopened containers under cool, dry conditions away from phosphonate aq. sol’n.
oxidizers Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
Briquest® 422-34CS [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] textiles
Chem. Descrip.: Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] Properties: 30% act.
tetrakis-, calcium sodium salt (49%), sodium phosphate tribasic (1%) Briquest® 543-33S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Uses: Corrosion inhibitor; sequestrant, threshold scale inhibitor, dispersant for Chem. Descrip.: Sodium diethylenetriaminepenta (methylene phosphonate)
water treatment, detergents, textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation aq. sol’n.
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312/313 nonreportable CAS 22042-96-2
Properties: Wh. powd.; char. odor; sol. in water; dens. 0.48-0.90 g/ml (20 C); Uses: Sequestrant for cooling water treatment, textile bleach stabilization, oil
visc. < 17 cSt (20 C); vapor pressure < 17 mm Hg; m.p. > 200 C; fields, pulp bleaching; desalination antiscalant
nonflamm.; pH 11.6-12.8 (10 g/l) Properties: M.w. 727; sp.gr. 1.39 (20/4 C); visc. 150 cP (20 C); pH 7.0
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg, (skin, rat) > 2000 mg/kg; irritating (1%); 33% act.
to eyes, skin, digestive tract, lungs, upper respiratory tract; may cause Briquest® 543-45AS [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.; Rhodia UK/Phospho-
redness/itching of eyes/skin, nausea, vomiting, coughing, shortness of breath; rus Perf. Derivs.]
TSCA listed Chem. Descrip.: Partially neutralized diethylene triamine pentamethylene
Environmental: EC50 (rainbow trout, 48 h) > 100 mg/l; may cause adverse phosphonic acid aq. sol’n.
environmental impact if material reaches waterways; not readily biodeg. Uses: Sequestrant, corrosion/scale inhibitor, detergent for water treatment,
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizers; avoid heat detergents, pulp/paper processing, textile processing, bleach stabilization,
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: COx, NOx, POx, acids of phosphorus sec. oil recovery and desalination; crystal growth modifier
NFPA: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Features: Hydrolytic stability
Storage: Store in unopened containers under cool, dry conditions away from Properties: Amber clear liq.; faint amine odor; m.w. 573; sp.gr. 1.42 (20/4 C);
oxidizers visc. 500 cps (2 C); pH 2.4 (1%); 45% act.
Briquest® 462-23K [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.; Rhodia UK/Phospho- Environmental: Biodeg.
rus Perf. Derivs.] Storage: Store in unopened containers in cool, dry, well-ventilated area away
Chem. Descrip.: Potassium hexamethylenediaminetetrakis (methylenephos- from oxidizers and strong alkalis
phonate) aq. sol’n. Briquest® 684-30S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
CAS 38820-59-6; EINECS/ELINCS 254-135-7 Chem. Descrip.: Sodium phosphonate
Uses: Sequestrant, corrosion/scale inhibitor for use in water treatment, flue CAS 15475-67-9
gas desulfurization systems, CaSO4 inhibition, textile processing; crystal Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
growth modifier textiles
Features: Hydrolytic stability Properties: 30% act.
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312/313 nonreportable Briquest® 3010-25K [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
Properties: Amber clear liq.; sl. char. odor; sol. in water; m.w. 720; sp.gr. Chem. Descrip.: Potassium phosphonate
1.27 (20/4 C); visc. 40 cps (20 C); b.p. > 200 C dec.; nonflamm.; pH 7 Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
(1%); 23% act. textiles
Toxicology: May cause significant irritation to eyes, skin, digestive tract, Properties: 25% act.
lungs, upper respiratory tract; may cause redness/itching of eyes/skin, Briquest® 3010-25KH [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
nausea, vomiting, coughing, shortness of breath; TSCA listed Chem. Descrip.: Potassium phosphonate
Environmental: LC50 (rainbow trout, 48 h) 41,000 mg/l; may cause adverse Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
environmental impact if material reaches waterways; not readily biodeg. textiles
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizers; avoid heat, temps. above 200 C Properties: pH 10; 25% act.
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: COx, NOx, POx, acids of phosphorus Briquest® 5123-45A [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
NFPA: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Chem. Descrip.: Bis (hexamethylene) triaminepenta (methylene phosphonic
Storage: Store in unopened containers under cool, dry conditions away from acid) aq. sol’n.
oxidizers CAS 34690-00-1; EINECS/ELINCS 252-156-6
Briquest® 462-25S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium hexamethylenediaminetetrakis (methylene phos- textiles
phonate) aq. sol’n. Properties: 45% act.
Uses: Sequestrant, scale inhibitor for industrial applics., cooling water, oil Briquest® 8106-25S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
field, textiles Chem. Descrip.: Sodium pentaethylenehexamine-octakis phosphonate aq.
Properties: 25% act. sol’n.
Briquest® 462C-30S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field,
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium salt of cyclohexane-1,2-diaminetetrakis (methyl- textiles
enephosphonic acid) aq. sol’n. Properties: 25% act.
Uses: Sequestrant, scale inhibitor for industrial applics., cooling water, oil Briquest® ADPA-18SH [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
field, textiles Chem. Descrip.: Tetrasodium etidronate aq. sol’n.
Properties: 30% act. CAS 3794-83-0; EINECS/ELINCS 223-267-7
Briquest® 543-22AS [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Sequestrant, threshold scale inhibitor, dispersant for water treatment,
Chem. Descrip.: Partially neutralized diethylene triamine pentakis methylene detergents, textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation
phosphonate aq. sol’n. Properties: 18% act.
Uses: Scale inhibitor, sequestrant for industrial applics., cooling water, oil field, Briquest® ADPA-21SH [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
textiles Chem. Descrip.: Tetrasodium etidronate aq. sol’n.
Properties: 22% act. CAS 3794-83-0; EINECS/ELINCS 223-267-7
Briquest® 543-25S [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Uses: Sequestrant, threshold scale inhibitor, dispersant for water treatment,
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium diethylenetriaminepentakis (methylene phospho- detergents, textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation
nate) aq. sol’n. Properties: Liq.; sp.gr. 1.30 (20/4 C); visc. 14 cP (20 C); pH 11.4 (1%);
CAS 22042-96-2 21% act.
Uses: Sequestrant, threshold scale inhibitor, dispersant for water treatment, Briquest® ADPA-60A [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.]
detergents, textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation Chem. Descrip.: 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-diphosphonic acid

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 65


Briquest® ADPA-60AW

CAS 2809-21-4; EINECS/ELINCS 220-552-8 flocculant, film-forming corrosion inhibitor for water treatment; binder in waste
Uses: Sequestrant used for water treatment and oil-drilling muds, in powd. treatment, cements, coating welding rods, metal pelletizing; buffer in pad-
detergents, textile processing, photographic applics.; sequestrant for cal- batch dyeing (textiles); deflocculant in ceramics (slip casting, slurry thinners)
cium carbonate Properties: Powd.; 99% thru 10 mesh; dens. 0.61 g/cm3
Properties: M.w. 206.03; 60% act. in water Britesil® H20 [PQ]
Briquest® ADPA-60AW [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.; Rhodia UK/Phos- Chem. Descrip.: Sodium silicate
phorus Perf. Derivs.] Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (54%), Na2O (27%), water (17.5%)
Chem. Descrip.: Acetodiphosphonic acid aq. sol’n. CAS 1344-09-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-687-4
CAS 2809-21-4; EINECS/ELINCS 220-552-8; UN No. 3265 Uses: Binder, corrosion inhibitor, deflocculant, buffer, detergent, processing
Uses: Sequestrant used in the water treatment industry for corrosion/scale aid for detergents and cleaners; detergent in deinking of pulp/paper; adhesion
inhibition, detergent action, and metal ion control; crystal growth modifier; promoter in laminating/labeling/paper board; colloidal control in drilling muds;
stain removal and control in swimming pools; cooling and boiler waters; oil flocculant, film-forming corrosion inhibitor for water treatment; binder in waste
fields; peroxide stabilization; photographic chems., desalination antiscalant, treatment, cements, coating welding rods, metal pelletizing; buffer in pad-
I&I compding.; cosmetics (metal ion control in bar soaps); pulp/paper; metal batch dyeing (textiles); deflocculant in ceramics (slip casting, slurry thinners)
plating and finishing; textiles; radioactive pharmaceuticals Properties: Powd.; 5% thru 65 mesh; dens. 0.80 g/cm3
Regulatory: Avail. kosher certified; DOT corrosive liq.; SARA §311/312 acute Britesil® H24 [PQ]
hazard, §313 nonreportable Chem. Descrip.: Sodium silicate
Properties: Colorless clear liq.; sl. odor; misc. with water; m.w. 206; sp.gr. Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (57.2%), Na2O (23.8%), water (17.5%)
1.46 (20 C); visc. 64 cps (20 C); b.p. > 100 C; nonflamm.; pH < 1.8 (1%); CAS 1344-09-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-687-4
60% act. Uses: Binder, corrosion inhibitor, deflocculant, buffer, detergent, processing
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) 10,000 mg/kg; risk of aid for detergents and cleaners; detergent in deinking of pulp/paper; adhesion
serious damage to eyes; expected to cause significant irritation to skin, promoter in laminating/labeling/paper board; colloidal control in drilling muds;
digestive tract, lungs, upper respiratory tract; may cause nausea, vomiting, flocculant, film-forming corrosion inhibitor for water treatment; binder in waste
coughing, shortness of breath; TSCA listed treatment, cements, coating welding rods, metal pelletizing; buffer in pad-
Environmental: LC50 (rainbow trout, 96 h) > 368 mg/l; EC50 (daphnia, 48 h) batch dyeing (textiles); deflocculant in ceramics (slip casting, slurry thinners)
527 mg/l; not expected to cause significant adverse environmental impact if Properties: Powd.; 5% thru 65 mesh; dens. 0.83 g/cm3
material reaches waterways; not toxic to aquatic organisms; biodeg. Bromoklor™ 50 [Ferro/Keil]
Precaution: Corrosive; avoid heat, temps. above 200 C Chem. Descrip.: Halogenated aliphatic liqs. containing bromine and chlorine
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: COx, POx, acids of phosphorus Uses: Flame retardant used in plasticized PVC, PU, latex, fabric, disp.
NFPA: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 1 molded or coated automotive parts, interior trim, pkg. closures, boots, hand
Storage: Store in unopened containers in cool, dry, well-ventilated area away grips, flooring, upholstery, carpetbacking, furniture and wall covering, and
from oxidizers and strong alkalis pkg. film; nonprimary plasticizer in PVC
Briquest® ADPA-60SH [Rhodia/Phosphorus Perf. Derivs.] Properties: Lt. straw liq.; sp.gr. 1.36-1.38; visc. 270 cps; 33% Br, 19% Cl
Chem. Descrip.: Tetrasodium etidronate Bromoklor™ 70 [Ferro/Keil]
CAS 3794-83-0; EINECS/ELINCS 223-267-7 Chem. Descrip.: Halogenated aliphatic liq. containing bromine and chlorine
Uses: Corrosion/scale inhibitor, sequestrant, dispersant for industrial water Uses: Flame retardant for PVC, PU, latex, fabric; sec. plasticizer
treatment (cooling water, oil fields, textiles), metal ion control, detergents, Features: Low volatility
textile bleaching, oil recovery, ore flotation Properties: Straw liq.; sp.gr. 1.65-1.67; visc. 5000 cps; 35% Br, 35% Cl
Regulatory: FDA nonregulated; SARA §311/312/313 nonreportable BSTI 1860 [Apollo]
Properties: Wh. spray-dried free-flowing powd.; char. odor; partly sol. in Chem. Descrip.: Antimicrobial dispersed in methanol
water; sp.gr. 0.70 (15/4 C); m.p. > 400 C; nonflamm.; pH 11.4 (1%); 90% Uses: Antimicrobial for textiles
act. BTMAC [Raschig AG]
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 2000 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) 10,000 mg/kg; may Chem. Descrip.: Benzyl trimethylammonium chloride
cause significant irritation to eyes, skin, digestive tract, lungs, upper respira- CAS 56-93-9; EINECS/ELINCS 200-300-3
tory tract; may cause nausea, vomiting, coughing, shortness of breath; Uses: Phase transfer catalyst for various reactions; gelating aux. for
TSCA listed polyepoxides; textile additive
Environmental: May cause adverse environmental impact if material reaches Bubble Breaker® 259, 260, 613-M, 622, 730, 737, 746, 748, 900, 913, 917
waterways [Witco]
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizers, strong acids; avoid heat, temps. Chem. Descrip.: Blend of org., nonsilicone compds.
above 200 C Uses: Defoamer for water-based paper coatings, textile processing formula-
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: COx, POx, acids of phosphorus tions, agric. chemical prods., paints, adhesives, inks, and personal care
NFPA: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 formulations
Storage: Store in unopened containers under cool, dry conditions away from Budit 310 [Budenheim Ibérica]
oxidizers and acids Chem. Descrip.: Modifed dimelamine phosphate
Britesil® C20 [PQ] Chem. Analysis: N (48%); P2O5 (19%)
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium silicate CAS 56974-60-8
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (54%), Na2O (27%), water (17.5%) Uses: Flame retardant in polyolefins, polyester, pigmented coatings,
CAS 1344-09-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-687-4 intumescents, and textiles; catalyst in intumescent systems
Uses: Binder, corrosion inhibitor, deflocculant, buffer, detergent, processing Features: Halogen-free; provides water resist.
aid for detergents and cleaners; detergent in deinking of pulp/paper; adhesion Properties: Wh. fine crystalline powd.; sol. 2 g/l in water; bulk dens. 350 g/
promoter in laminating/labeling/paper board; colloidal control in drilling muds; l; pH 5 (1% suspension)
flocculant, film-forming corrosion inhibitor for water treatment; binder in waste Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 5000 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg
treatment, cements, coating welding rods, metal pelletizing; buffer in pad- Hazardous Ingreds.: None
batch dyeing (textiles); deflocculant in ceramics (slip casting, slurry thinners) Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Thermal decomp. may produce CO, ammonia,
Properties: Powd.; 1% on 10 mesh; dens. 0.47 g/cm3 oxides of nitrogen, oxides of phosphorus; @ temps. > 550 C may produce
Britesil® C24 [PQ] hydrogen cyanide
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium silicate Storage: Keep closed and dry
Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (57.2%), Na2O (23.8%), water (17.5%) Budit 312 [Budenheim Ibérica]
CAS 1344-09-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-687-4 Chem. Descrip.: Melamine orthophosphate
Uses: Binder, corrosion inhibitor, deflocculant, buffer, detergent, processing Chem. Analysis: N (37%); P2O5 (33%); P (14-15%)
aid for detergents and cleaners; detergent in deinking of pulp/paper; adhesion CAS 20208-95-1; EINECS/ELINCS 243-601-5
promoter in laminating/labeling/paper board; colloidal control in drilling muds; Uses: Flame retardant in polyolefins, polyester, pigmented coatings,

66 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Burco® SS-400

intumescents, and textiles; catalyst in intumescent systems Chem. Descrip.: Phosphate-free


Features: Halogen-free Uses: Buffer system that holds pH of the bath at 5
Properties: Wh. fine crystalline powd.; sol. 1.6 g/l in water; bulk dens. 500 g/ Buffer HL [Am. Emulsions]
l; pH 2.0-2.5 (10%) Uses: Buffer system that holds pH of the bath at 5
Toxicology: TLV > 10 mg/m3 (nuisance dust); LD50 (oral, rat) > 5000 mg/kg, Builder AC-30 [Eastman]
(skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic type
Hazardous Ingreds.: None Uses: Hand modifier for textiles
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Thermal decomp. may produce CO, ammonia, Features: Nonyellowing; wash and dry cleaning fastness
oxides of nitrogen, oxides of phosphorus, and/or hydrogen cyanide Properties: pH 8.3; 44% solids
Storage: Keep closed and dry Builder LA-536 [Eastman]
Budit 313 [Budenheim Ibérica] Chem. Descrip.: Acrylic type
Chem. Descrip.: Melamine borate Uses: Binder, hand modifier for textiles providing soft hand
Chem. Analysis: N (45%); B2O3 (20%) Features: Low crock
CAS 53587-44-3 Properties: pH 2.7; 35% solids
Uses: Flame retardant for polymers, textiles, cellulose materials, esp. insula- Bulab® Flamebloc [Buckman Labs]
tion felts; blowing agent for intumescents Chem. Descrip.: Hydrated borate compd.
Features: Easily dispersible Uses: Flame retardant for plastics (flexible PVC, plastisols, polyolefins),
Properties: Wh. fine crystalline powd.; odorless; partly sol. in water; bulk paints, textile finishes, rubber compds. (neoprene, S/B); UV stabilizer for
dens. 350 g/l; pH 6-7 (1% suspension) ABS, epoxy, polyesters, PE, PP, flexible and rigid PVC, VDC
Toxicology: TLV 10 mg/m3 (nuisance dust); LD50 > 4000 mg/kg Features: Synergist in formulations contg. phosphorous compds. and/or
Environmental: May adsorb to soil; LC50 (fish, 96 h) expected > 100 mg/l halogen donors; substitute for antimony trioxide; provides reduced toxicity of
Precaution: Avoid temps. > 500 C fumes emitted during combustion, reduced smoke emissions, greater trans-
Hazardous Ingreds.: None parency and brighter colors
Storage: Keep closed and dry Properties: Wh. powd.; sol. 0.3-0.4% in water @ 21 C: sp.gr. 3.25-3.35;
Budit 314 [Budenheim Ibérica] dens. 27-29 lb/gal; m.p. 1000 C; ref. index 1.55-1.60; pH 9.8-10.3 (sat.
Chem. Descrip.: Melamine cyanurate sol’n. @ 21 C)
Chem. Analysis: N (45%) Burco® AO-96 [Burlington Chem.]
CAS 37640-57-6; EINECS/ELINCS 253-575-7 Uses: Scouring agent, antioxidant for nylon and nylon blend fabrics for
Uses: Flame retardant for polyamides, PUs, polyolefins, epoxies, reduction of yellowing; reduces yellowing of cotton during finishing; mini-
intumescents, carpets mizes barré and improves dye yield during heat-setting and finishing
Features: Easily dispersible; halogen-free Features: Minimizes yellowing during final stages of wet processing; for
Properties: Wh. fine crystalline powd.; odorless; 8 µm particle size; sol. applic. in batch and continuous processes; produces clean, oil-free goods
0.01% in water; bulk dens. 450 g/l; pH 5 (1%); 0.4% moisture; 0.3% free ready for dyeing or printing; APEO-free
melamine Properties: Pale clear liq.; water-disp.; sp.gr. 0.98; dens. 8.16 lb/gal; pH 5.5
Toxicology: TLV > 10 mg/m3 (nuisance dust); LD50 12,000 mg/kg (1%); nonionic
Hazardous Ingreds.: None Environmental: Environmentally friendly
Storage: Keep closed and dry Burco® C3F [Burlington Chem.]
Budit 315 [Budenheim Ibérica] Chem. Descrip.: Complex blend of phosphated alcohols and nonionic deter-
Chem. Descrip.: Melamine cyanurate gents
Chem. Analysis: N (48%) Uses: Wetting agent, penetrant, scouring agent, bleaching assistant, leveling
CAS 37640-57-6; EINECS/ELINCS 253-575-7 agent, emulsifier for direct, fiber reactive, and vat dyestuffs on cellulosic
Uses: Flame retardant for polyolefins, polyamides, PUs, copolymerized fibers; bleaching assistant for continuous and batch bleaching; leaves goods
polyamides, epoxies, carpets; spumescent in intumescents absorbent, soft, and oil- and wax-free
Features: Easily dispersible; halogen-free; noncorrosive Features: Good salt and alkali stability; withstands alkaline conditions of the
Properties: Wh. fine crystalline powd.; odorless; 2-3 µm particle size; sol. chlorine, chlorite, or peroxygen bleaching systems; fast wetting; for low
0.01% in water; bulk dens. 230 g/l; pH 5 (1% suspension); 0.2% moisture shear equip.
Toxicology: LD50 12,000 mg/kg; sl. irritating to eyes and skin Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.03; dens. 8.59 lb/gal; pH 6.0 (1%); nonionic/
Environmental: LC50 (fish, 96 h) > 100 mg/l, (daphnia, 48 h) > 100 mg/l anionic
Hazardous Ingreds.: None Burco® LAF-6 [Burlington Chem.]
Storage: Keep closed and dry Chem. Descrip.: Aliphatic alcohol alkoxylate
Budit 3077 [Budenheim Ibérica] Uses: Detergent, wetting agent for rinse aids, automatic dishwash, metal
Chem. Descrip.: APP-based intumescent system cleaners, textile scouring agents
Chem. Analysis: P2O5 (49%); N (21.8%) Features: Low foaming; stable to acids and alkalis
Uses: Flame retardant for polyolefins, elastomers, intumescents, carpets, and Properties: Pale yel. clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.99; cloud pt. 37 C; flash pt. > 300 F;
solv.-based paints pH 6-8 (5%); 100% act.; nonionic
Features: Halogen-free Environmental: Biodeg.
Use Level: 30% (PP) Burco® LAF-180 [Burlington Chem.]
Properties: Wh. fine crystalline powd.; odorless; sol. 2.5 g/100 cm3 in water; Chem. Descrip.: Linear alcohol alkoxylate
sp.gr. 1.60; bulk dens. 600 g/l; pH 4.5 (10%); flamm. V-0 @ 1.6 mm (UL94) Uses: Surfactant, defoamer for rinse aids, high pressure spray cleaners,
Toxicology: TLV > 10 mg/m3 (nuisance dust); LD50 (oral, rat) > 5000 mg/kg, metal lubricants, textile jet scours, and other low foaming prods.
(skin, rabbit) > 2000 mg/kg Features: Low foaming; not precipitated by calcium or magnesium ions;
Environmental: Can be considered as slow release fertilizer stable in acid or alkaline systems; strong defoaming props. in presence of
Hazardous Ingreds.: None proteinaceous soils
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Thermal decomp. may produce ammonia and Properties: Gardner 1 max. color; clear to pasty appearance; inverse sol. in
sm. amts. of CO, nitrogen oxides, and phosphoric acid water; sp.gr. 1.02; cloud pt. 15-20 C (1%); pH 6-7 (1% aq.); 100% act.;
Storage: Keep closed and dry nonionic
Buffer ADB [Crompton & Knowles] Burco® NP-Q Salt [Burlington Chem.]
Uses: Buffer, acid donor for exhaust dyeing Chem. Descrip.: Complex salt contg. inorg. and org. acids and bases
Features: Highly effective; allows initial pH of 8-10 to slow strike rate with Uses: Fixing agent to replace trisodium phosphate, caustic soda/sodium
final pH as low as 5.6 to achieve optimum exhaustion at end of dye cycle carbonate mixts. in reactive dyeing
Properties: Liq. Properties: Sp.gr. 1.54; dens. 12.85 lb/gal; pH 12.4 (2%)
Buffer DH-1 [Am. Emulsions] Burco® SS-400 [Burlington Chem.]

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 67


Burco® TME

Chem. Descrip.: Complex proprietary mixt. and polyester/cellulosic blends; stabilizer for sodium hydrosulfite
Uses: Dispersant for cotton and polyester dyeing; solubilizer for reactive Features: Eliminates/reduces need for sodium hydrosulfite; exc. stability to
dyes; increases salt tolerance of dye carriers and disperse dyes; controls alkalis, acids, hardness, and electrolytes; low foaming; compat. with anionics
effects of water hardness in dyeing; improves levelness of dyeings; re- and nonionics
duces dye and carrier stain problems; reduces deposits on dyeing ma- Properties: Liq.; low odor; sp.gr. 1.25; pH 8.5-9.5 (1%); mildly anionic
chines; ideal in one-bath disperse/direct or disperse/reactive dye formulas in Environmental: Environmentally friendly; biodeg.
all types of equip. Burco® Compatibilizer CSC [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Nonfoaming; will not strip metal from metal complex dyes Uses: Resist agent for direct dyes on acetate, polyester, and acrylic fibers;
Properties: Dk. brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.23 (22 C); pH 7-8; anionic wetting agent; penetrant; aids removal of residual size on woven fabrics;
Burco® TME [Burlington Chem.] suitable for other rayon blends
Chem. Descrip.: Ethoxylated dodecylmercaptan Features: Nonstaining; improved shade reproducibility and clarity of white-
Uses: Detergent for aq. cleaning systems, wool scouring, hard surf. cleaners; ness; does not retard dyestuff exhaustion; for use with Burco Direct NS
oil splitter; replaces chlorinated hydrocarbons in metal degreasing dyes
Properties: Yel. clear liq., mild grapefruit-like odor; sp.gr. 1.07; visc. 5.7 cs; Properties: Amber liq.; sp.gr. 1.03; dens. 8.58 lb/gal; pH 5.5 (1%); mildly
HLB 13.5; cloud pt. 160 F (1% aq.); flash pt. (TCC) 127 F; pH 4 (1% aq.); cationic
Draves wetting 180 s (0.1%); 85% act.; nonionic Burco® Defoamer X-CLR [Burlington Chem.]
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) 1885-2665 mg/kg, (dermal, rabbit) 3500 mg/kg; Uses: Defoamer for bleaching and dyeing operations, and in all types of
primary eye, mild skin irritant dyeing equip.
Environmental: Biodeg.; LC50 (daphnia magna, 48 h) 1.8-3.2 mg/l, (fathead Features: Very stable; stable to alkali, salt, high shear conditions, most
minnows, 96 h) 32-100 mg/l; nontoxic to sewage organisms at concs. of electrolytes, high temps.; highly active; nonsilicone; effective under broad
10,000 mg/l range of conditions incl. high temps. and pressure
Burco® VDL [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Lt. amber liq.; readily disp. in water; sp.gr. 0.86; dens. 7.17 lb/gal;
Uses: Leveling agent for vat dyes by slowing rate of exhaustion during pH 5 (1%); nonionic
dyeing, providing dye retardation, sequestering/dispersing, and stabilized Burco® Defoamer X-EC [Burlington Chem.]
reduction which minimizes over reduction of sensitive dyes; sequestrant, Uses: Defoamer for textile wet processing, bleaching and dyeing operations,
dispersant controlling hardness and preventing spotting from earth metals, and in all types of equip.
such as Ca and Mg electrolytes, and dye deposition; aids dye penetration Features: Offers conductivity for automated dispensing systems; nonsilicone;
into fibers very stable; stable to acid, alkali, salt, high shear conditions; effective under
Properties: Brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.26; dens. 10.5 lb/gal; pH 9 (1%); anionic broad range of conditions incl. high temps. and pressure
Burco® Acid Donator New [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Wh. emulsion; readily disp. in water; sp.gr. 0.935; dens. 7.79 lb/
Uses: Acid donor for nylon fibers for exhaustion dyeing of carpets, yarn gal; pH 6.5 (1%); nonionic/anionic
dyeing, beam dyeing of warp knitted or woven goods, beck dyeing of Burco® Direct Leveler GRA [Burlington Chem.]
woven or knitted goods Uses: Leveling agent for direct dyes on cotton and rayon fibers and fabrics at
Features: Phosphate-free; slowly lowers pH of the liquor; applic. in acid elevated dyeing temps.; retarding agent at lower temps.
dyebath creates alkaline medium providing reduction of dyeing time, im- Features: Aids shade reproducibility; controls rate of strike at lower dyeing
proved levelness, increased speed of dyeing cycles temps.; low foaming; compat. with most dyebath chems.; suitable in all
Properties: Colorless to sl. yel. liq.; sp.gr. 1.124; flash pt. 93 C types of equip.
Burco® Antifoam 100 Special [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Lt. yel.-brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.10; dens. 9.17 lb/gal; pH 9.5 (1%);
Chem. Descrip.: Silicone-based mildly cationic
Uses: Defoamer for textile wet processing, in all types of dyeing equip. Burco® Direct Leveler GRA 200% [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Highly stable; long-lasting; effective under broad range of condi- Uses: Leveling agent for direct dyes on cotton and rayon fibers and fabrics at
tions incl. high temps. and pressure; stable to electrolytes, dil. acids and elevated dyeing temps.; retarding agent at lower temps.
alkalis, oxidizers in concs. typ. in processing Features: High efficiency; aids shade reproducibility; controls rate of strike at
Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 0.99; dens. 8.2 lb/gal; pH 6-8 (1%); lower dyeing temps.; low foaming; compat. with most dyebath chems.
nonionic Properties: Lt. yel.-brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.10; dens. 9.17 lb/gal; pH 9.5 (1%);
Burco® Antimigrant JH [Burlington Chem.] mildly cationic
Uses: Antimigrant for direct and fiber reactive dyes prior to aftertreatment or Burco® Dispersant DA-GD Liq. [Burlington Chem.]
during drying operations; may serve as aftertreatment agent depending on Uses: Dispersant for disperse dyes in exhaust and continuous applics.,
wetfastness requirements ensuring dyebath stability esp. under high stress conditions in beam, pkg.,
Features: Aids in cleanup of excess dye without adversely affecting the and jet dyeing; antiagglomerant for disperse dyes; dispersant, wetting agent
shade; no negative effect on lightfastness in prep. of disperse dyes prior to addition to dyebath; retarding agent in basic
Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.21; dens. 10.1 lb/gal; pH 4.5 (1%) dye applic. to cationic-dyeable fibers such as acrylic and modacrylic
Burco® Carrier CDP [Burlington Chem.] Features: Suitable for atmospheric and high temp. applics.; no adverse effect
Chem. Descrip.: Butyl benzoate-type on shade and fastness props.
Uses: Carrier for dyeing of polyester and triacetate fibers and their blends with Properties: Amber liq.; sp.gr. 1.10; dens. 9.16 lb/gal; pH 10 (1%); anionic
disperse and cationic dyestuffs; stripping agent; leveling agent Burcofac 1060 [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Gives full color yields; rec. for high temp. dyeing, also suitable at Chem. Descrip.: Org. phosphate ester
atmospheric conditions; little effect on lightfastness; good acid, alkaline, and Uses: Wetting agent, detergent, emulsifier, hydrotrope for other surfactants,
emulsion stability glycol ethers, for mildly alkaline detergents, all-purpose cleaners, floor clean-
Properties: Lt. straw liq.; pH 5.5-6.5 (1%); 100% act. ers/wax strippers, carwash, textile scouring
Burco® Carrier JCV [Burlington Chem.] Features: Alkaline-stable
Chem. Descrip.: Blend of chlorinated solvs. and biphenyl Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.07; acid no. 205 (to pH 9.5); pH 2.0 (1% aq.);
Uses: Carrier for dyeing of blends of syn. and nat. fibers 100% act.; anionic
Features: Exc. rinsability; leaves virtually no odor on goods after dyeing; Burcofac 9125 [Burlington Chem.]
leaves exc. reserve on disperse dyeable polyester when dyeing basic Chem. Descrip.: Organic phosphate ester
dyeable polyester; for atmospheric beck, beam, jet, paddle, skein, and pkg. Uses: Wetting agent, detergent, emulsifier, hydrotrope for other surfactants,
dyeing glycol ethers, for mildly alkaline detergents, all-purpose cleaners, floor clean-
Properties: Amber liq.; easily extended in water @ 100-200 F; pH essentially ers/wax strippers, carwash, textile and laundry prods.
neutral on dil.; nonionic/anionic Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.08; acid no. 285; pH 2.0 (1% aq.); 100% act.;
Burco® Clear MCL Liq. [Burlington Chem.] anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Org. Burcofac PA-080 [Burlington Chem.]
Uses: Reducing agent to improve fastness props. of disperse dyed polyester Chem. Descrip.: Alkyl phosphate ester

68 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Burcofluor® EBF

Uses: Rust inhibitor, antiwear agent in metalworking lubricants and cutting nylon 6/6 and blends with spandex, cotton, and rayon, improving wetfastness
fluids; rust inhibitor and wetting agent in paints/coatings; wetting agent in props. as aftertreating agent or in-bath applic.; resist agent for cross-stain of
textile alkaline baths direct dyes on nylon and blends, improving shade reproducibility and fast-
Features: High phosphorus content; alkali metal and alkanolamine salts are ness props.
water-sol. Features: Controls strike rate of acid dyes; little effect on lightfastness; stable
Properties: Gardner 6 max. clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.02; acid no. 310; 11.65% P for jet dyeing equip.
Burco® Finish WCK [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Dk. brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.08; dens. 9.0 lb/gal; pH 7.7 (1%); anionic
Uses: Wicking finish for polyester, nylon, and acrylic fibers, improving mois- Burcofix® NSF [Burlington Chem.]
ture movement, hand and drape, making garments constructed of treated Uses: Fixing agent, reserve agent for improving wetfastness and crocking
fibers more comfortable; soil release agent on polyester; antistat props. of acid and acid premetalized dyes on nylon and nylon/lycra
Features: Hydrophilic; durable to laundering Features: Highly effective; exc. acid stability and compat.; eliminates spots;
Properties: Wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.03; dens. 8.60 lb/gal; pH 5.0 (1%); low foaming; exc. shear stability for jets; suitable for all types of dyeing
nonionic equip.
Burcofix® 195 [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Dk. liq.; sp.gr. 1.17; dens. 9.76 lb/gal; pH 6.75 (1%); anionic
Uses: Fixing agent for direct dyes on cotton, rayon, and other cellulosic fibers; Burcofluor® BBU Sol’n. [Burlington Chem.]
improves wetfastness props. (washing, perspiration, and water bleed) and Chem. Descrip.: Stilbene deriv.
crockfastness when used to aftertreat direct dyes; improves water bleed Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent for exhaust applic. on cellulosics, nylon,
fastness when used to aftertreat fiber reactive dyes and their fiber blends; useful in one-step brightener/scour/tint/whitener for
Features: Nonformaldehyde; suitable for all equip. incl. pkg., yarn, beam, cellulosic fibers
beck, rotary, paddle, and jet machines and for pad-dry applics.; compat. Features: Economical; very good to exc. wetfastness props., exhaust and
with electrolyte in rinsing baths buildup; built-in red tint for denim industry
Properties: Tan visc. liq.; sp.gr. 1.13; dens. 9.42 lb/gal; pH 5 (1%); cationic Properties: Red-violet wh. shade; dilutable to any proportion in water of
Environmental: Environmentally friendly neutral or alkaline pH upt to med. degree of hardness; anionic
Burcofix® CDF [Burlington Chem.] Storage: Stable under ordinary conditions; protect from freezing
Uses: Fixing agent for direct and fiber reactive dyes for continuous applic. to Burcofluor® BSB Special Liq. [Burlington Chem.]
cotton, rayon, and other cellulosic fibers, improving wetfastness props. Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent for cotton and rayon for exhaust applic.
(washing, perspiration, water bleed), and crockfastness; prevents migration from a neutral bath or peroxide bleach liquor
of dyes during drying Features: Stable to acid conditions; ensures no yellowing or shading; stable
Features: Compat. with finishing chems., commonly used resins, softeners, to acids (above pH 4.5), alkalis, hard water, salts; not stable to hypochlorite
hand builders or sodium chlorite; compat. with anionics, nonionics
Properties: Lt. yel. liq.; sp.gr. 1.10; dens. 9.17 lb/gal; pH 4.75 (1%); cationic Properties: Amber clear liq.; sol. in water in all proportions; sp.gr. 1.10;
Burcofix® FM [Burlington Chem.] anionic
Chem. Descrip.: Formaldehyde-based resin Burcofluor® BT Liq. [Burlington Chem.]
Uses: Fixing agent for direct and fiber reactive dyes for on cotton, rayon, and Chem. Descrip.: Stilbene deriv.
other cellulosic fibers; improves wetfastness props. (washing, perspiration, Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent, leveling agent for nylon and cellulosics
water bleed) and crockfastness when used to aftertreat direct dyes; im- and their blends, esp. on Antron III
proves waterbleed fastness when used to aftertreat fiber reactive dyes; Features: Good heat setting stability; produces cellulosics with good stability
antimigrant for aftertreated dyes during drying to resin finishing; stable to hard water, alkali; effective in sodium hydrosulfite
Features: Suitable for all exhaust applics. incl. pkg., yarn, beam, beck, bleach baths on nylon, and in hydrogen peroxide baths on cellulosics; good
rotary, paddle, and jet machines and for pad-dry applics.; compat. with most light/washfastness
cationics and nonionics Properties: Amber clear liq.; sol. in cold water; sp.gr. 1.10; anionic
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.25; dens. 10.4 lb/gal; pH 4.5 (1%); Burcofluor® CF Liq. [Burlington Chem.]
cationic Chem. Descrip.: Heterocyclic stilbene deriv.
Burcofix® FR-30 [Burlington Chem.] Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent, leveling agent producing brilliant whites
Chem. Descrip.: Resinous on polyamide, cellulosic, wool, silk, and their blends, for applic. by exhaust
Uses: Dye fixing agent increasing wetfastness of direct, develop, reactive, and continuous methods, esp. effective for continuous processing of polya-
and acid dyestuffs on cotton, rayon, wool, and their blends, improving mide woven and knit goods
fastness to cold water bleeding, seawater, perspiration, and reducing crock- Features: High performance; good light and washfastness; max. results with
ing; antimigrant for dyes during drying one-bath scouring/bleaching/whitening operation
Features: Substantive; little or no effect on dye shades; compat. with cationics, Properties: Amber clear liq.; misc. with water in all proportions; pH 8.3 ± 0.5;
nonionics, dil. acid sol’ns., resin baths, cationic softeners, sodium chloride anionic
and copper salts in dil. sol’ns.; forms insol. precipitates with anionics Storage: 4 mos storage stability; not affected by heat or freezing
Properties: Ylsh. clear, sl. visc. liq.; completely sol. in water; dens. 9.38 lb/ Burcofluor® CL-S [Burlington Chem.]
gal; pH 3-4 (on dil.); 25% solids; cationic Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent with good light and wetfastness props. for
Burcofix® FRC [Burlington Chem.] nylon, nylon/spandex, Antron, cellulosics, esp. suitable for antistatic fin-
Uses: Fixing agent, aftertreatment agent for improving wetfastness of acid and ished goods, for applic. by exhaust and padding
acid premetalized dyes on nylon 6 and nylon 6/6, for in-bath and post- Features: Stable to heat; very good stability to peroxide bleach, hydrosulfite
treatment applics.; resist agent for cross-stain of direct dyes on nylon, Properties: Pale clear liq.; unlimited sol. in hot water; use only soft water or
cellulosic/nylon or wool blends add sequestrant; 1 part:10 or more parts of cold water; sp.gr. 1.08; anionic
Features: Good stability to acid; eliminates spots; exc. shear stability for jets; Burcofluor® EBF [Burlington Chem.]
suitable for all types of dyeing equip. Chem. Descrip.: Oxazole deriv.
Properties: Brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.19; dens. 9.90 lb/gal; pH 7 (1%); anionic Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent, leveling agent with exc. lightfastness on
Burcofix® G-254 [Burlington Chem.] polyester and polyester/cotton blends by exhaust or pad-thermosol meth-
Uses: Fixing agent for improving wetfastness and crocking of acid and acid ods; fluorescent whitening agent for nylon, triacetate, and PVC fibers
premetalized dyes on nylon and wool, for in-bath applic. or as an aftertreatment; Features: Suitable in chlorite and peroxide bleaching liquors; good compat.
resist agent in print afterwashing and for cross-stain of direct dyes on cellu- with thermosetting resins; compat. with most chems. used in dyeing and
losic/nylon and wool blends finishing
Features: Exc. stability to acid; highly effective; eliminates spots; exc. shear Properties: Cream-colored fine aq. disp.; bright blue-wh. cast; easily disp. in
stability for jets; suitable for all types of dyeing equip.; low foaming any proportion in cold or warm water; dens. 8.5 lb/gal; pH 6.0-7.5 (0.5%);
Properties: Brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.10; dens. 9.2 lb/gal; pH 7.8 (1%); anionic nonionic
Burcofix® N-50 [Burlington Chem.] Storage: Stir thoroughly before use; avoid boiling disp. or adding to hot baths,
Uses: Dyeing aux., leveling agent, fixing agent for acid dyes on nylon 6, as stability may be impaired

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 69


Burcofluor® RSB

Burcofluor® RSB [Burlington Chem.] for in-bath aftertreatment applic.


Chem. Descrip.: Stilbene triazine deriv. Features: Good affinity for the fiber; improve barré coverage; aids in minimiz-
Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent for cellulosics for thermosetting resin ing differences in nylon affinity for acid dyes; exc. compat. with aftertreating
finishing and continuous bleaching systems agents; no adverse effect on colorfastness
Features: Economical; low affinity; exc. stability to electrolytes; stable @ pH Properties: Lt. amber liq.; sp.gr. 1.03; dens. 8.56 lb/gal; pH 9.5 (1%); anionic
1.5-12.5; easily pourable; may be added directly to applic. bath or dil. with Burcolev PL [Burlington Chem.]
water in any proportion Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant
Properties: Yel.-amber clear liq.; dilutable with water in any proportion; dens. Uses: Surfactant, dyeing assistant, leveling agent, solubilizer for applic. of
9.4 lb/gal (21 C); anionic dyes to hosiery contg. both cationic dyeable and anionic dyeable nylon
Storage: 6 mos storage stability; protect from freezing yarns; antiprecipitant for dyes
Burcofluor® WGS-N [Burlington Chem.] Features: Promotes effective exhaustion of the two types of dyes in same
Chem. Descrip.: Coumarin deriv. bath; reduces cross-staining; no adverse effects on fastness props.
Uses: Fluorescent whitening agent for acetate, triacetate, nylon, wool, and Properties: Very lt. amber clear liq.; sol. 50% in water; dens. 8.2 lb/gal;
silk, producing bluish violet cast on acetate and triacetate, and blue cast on lower cloud pt. 0 C; pH 7-9; 27.5-29.5% solids; nonionic
nylon, wool, and silk, and is esp. suitable for applic. by padding Storage: Indefinite storage stability
Features: Easy to apply; effective in scouring baths, peroxide or hydrosulfite Burcolev PMD [Burlington Chem.]
bleach baths; exhausts at low temps. Uses: Leveling agent, releveling agent, penetrant or acid premetalized dyes
Properties: Pale yel. liq.; miwc. with water in all proportions; pH neutral; on wool and nylon, and for dyeing wool reactive colors, suitable for piece,
nonionic yarn, and skein dyeing
Storage: Stable in storage @ 0-41 C Features: Controlled exhaustion; stable to acids, alkalis, electrolytes; compat.
Burcogal SET [Burlington Chem.] with anionics, nonionics, and cationics
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent, penetrant for dyeing wool, polyamide, Properties: Ylsh. brn. liq.; sp.gr. 1.09; dens. 9.07 lb/gal; pH 7.4 (1%);
silk, and wool blends by the Lanaset® method; breaks down dye aggrega- amphoteric
tions and speeds up dye diffusion Burco Leveler ESL 240% [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Promotes fiber and surf. level dyeings on wool; assists uniform Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for basic dyes on acrylic, modacrylic,
buildup of combination shades without retarding; improves bath exhaustion; and cationic-dyeable polyester, and basic-dyeable fiber blends, for all types
does not impair fastness props. or fabric handle; nondiscoloring of equip.; releveling agent for repair of poorly dyed materials
Properties: Ylsh. clear to sl. hazy; easy to dil. with any conc. of cold or warm Features: Promotes leveling with no significant retarding, no loss of dye yield;
water; sp.gr. 1.0; pH 6 (5%); amphoteric low foaming; suitable for atmospheric and pressure dyeing procedures
Burcolev 340 [Burlington Chem.] Use Level: 0.5-2% (acrylic); 1% (cationic-dyeable polyester)
Uses: Dyeing aux., leveling agent, migrating agent, antistat for disperse dyes Properties: Yel. clear liq.; dens. 8.5 lb/gal; pH 6-8 (1%); cationic
on polyester for home furnishing and automotive applics. Burco® Lubricant GLF [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Minimizes barré from differential strike rates, preferential absorp. of Chem. Descrip.: Polymeric-based
dyes to various parts of fiber, and temp. variation in the dye machine; low Uses: Lubricant to reduce/eliminate crack, crease, and abrasion problems in
foaming; eliminates carrier; no adverse effect on lightfastness processing all syn. and nat. fabrics constructed of filament yarns and all
Properties: Amber liq.; sp.gr. 1.06; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; pH 7.5 (1%); anionic/ spun blends, in dyeing and post-treatment; provides fiber-to-metal lubricity;
nonionic leveling agent, flow aid in yarn dyeing and beam dyeing
Burcolev CTB Conc. [Burlington Chem.] Features: Exc. stability for continuous and exhaust bleaching systems;
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for acid dyes on nylon or wool, for all suitable for jet, beck, pkg., and beam dyeing machines; atmospheric and
types of dyeing machines, esp. for hard-to-level acid dyes under adverse high temp. stability; compat. with most dye classes and processing chems.
dyeing conditions Properties: Pale liq.; sp.gr. 0.99; dens. 8.25 lb/gal; pH 6 (1%); mildly anionic
Features: No adverse effect on exhaustion or shade reproducibility; controls Burco® Lubricant JWL [Burlington Chem.]
rate of strike; low foaming Chem. Descrip.: Ester emulsion
Properties: Amber liq.; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH 8 (1%); sl. cationic Uses: Lubricant to reduce/eliminate crack, crease, and abrasion problems in
Burcolev DLS [Burlington Chem.] the scouring, dyeing, and post-treatment of nat. and syn. fibers and their
Uses: Dyeing aux., leveling agent, diffusion accelerator, migrating agent for blends; provides fiber-to-fiber lubricity; improves cut and sew performance;
disperse dyes on polyester, esp. in reworking damaged or off-shade goods; softener, penetrant producing a dry, slick handle
emulsifier, solvent to reduce trimer buildup on machine interiors and to Features: Low foaming; retains whiteness; shear stable for jets and all types
provide prescouring and one-bath scour-dye props. of equip.; atmospheric and high temp. stability; compat. with most dye
Features: Prevents unlevel dyeings caused by different strike rates and classes and textile auxs.; applicable by continuous methods
preferential absorp. of dyes to various parts of the fiber; eliminates need for Properties: Wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.33 lb/gal; pH 6 (1%); nonionic
carrier; solvent-free; low foaming; suitable for pkg. and jet dyeing Burco® Lubricant SSL [Burlington Chem.]
Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; no objectionable odor; sp.gr. 0.90; dens. 7.49 Chem. Descrip.: Modified ester emulsion
lb/gal; pH 8.0 (1%); nonionic Uses: Lubricant to reduce/eliminate crack, crease, and abrasion problems in
Environmental: More environmentally friendly the pretreatment, dyeing, and post-treatment of cotton, rayon, synthetics,
Burcolev H-CDB New [Burlington Chem.] and blends; fiber-to-fiber lubricant; effective in fiber reactive and direct dye
Uses: Leveling agent, migrating agent for acid dyes on nylon and wool, for all applics.; leaves goods soft and absorbent
types of dyeing machines, esp. for hard-to-level dyes such as the 1:2 Features: Low foaming; stable to high alkali and electrolyte concs.; shear
premetalized types stability for jets and all types of equip.; atmospheric and high temp. stability;
Features: Slows strike rate; exc. for reworks; low foaming compat. with anionic and nonionic dye classes and all typ. textile auxs.
Properties: Amber liq.; sp.gr. 1.035; dens. 8.62 lb/gal; pH 5-6 (1%); non- Properties: Ylsh.-tan emulsion; sp.gr. 0.99; dens. 8.25 lb/gal; pH 8.25 (1%);
ionic/cationic anionic
Burcolev HTP-2 LF [Burlington Chem.] Burcolye JEM [Burlington Chem.]
Chem. Descrip.: Mixt. of linear and aromatic esters Chem. Descrip.: Complex blend of alkali and buffers
Uses: Dyeing assistant, leveling agent, lubricant for high temp. dyeing of Uses: Alkaline agent for vinyl sulfone, monochlorotriazene, trichloropyrmidine,
polyester vinyl sulfone/monofluorotriazine, and difluoro-monochloropyrimidine type fi-
Features: Low foaming; suitable in jets; good leveling props. and promotes ber reactive dyeing processes; alkaline buffer system
tone-on-tone dyeing @ 60-129 C; no chlorinated or aromatic solvs. Features: Nonphosphate replacement for trisodium phosphate and sodium
Properties: Tan liq.; sweet odor; pH 3.5-7.5 (on dil.); 100% act.; < 2% water; carbonate/caustic 50% liq. blends; ease of handling
nonionic Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.31; dens. 10.9 lb/gal; pH 12.6 ± 0.1 (1%)
Burcolev PBF [Burlington Chem.] Burcolye SA 200% [Burlington Chem.]
Uses: Leveling agent for acid and acid premetalized dyes on wool and nylon, Uses: Alkaline agent for vinyl sulfone, monochlorotriazene, and low-salt/high-

70 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Burco® Scour LFE-810

affinity fiber reactive dyeing systems, esp. for use in continuous dyeing and Uses: Mild oxidizing agent used in applic. of fiber reactive and direct dyes to
batch processes prevent reducing effects that result in lower color values; oxidizing agent for
Features: Carbonate replacement for soda ash; twice the str. of soda ash vat dyes and alkaline kier boiling of vat-dyed yarns in woven fabrics;
powd. prevents reduction caused by fiber impurities (e.g., sulfites in rayon and
Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.5; dens. 12.5 lb/gal; pH 12.3 (2%) sugars in cotton) in exhaust, continuous, and print applics.
Burco® Machine Cleaner MM-20 [Burlington Chem.] Features: Increased shade reproducibility
Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant Properties: Powd.; sp.gr. 0.72; dens. 6.0 lb/gal; pH 7-8 (1%); anionic
Uses: Surfactant for machine cleaning of jets, beams, and pkg. dyeing Burco® Scour CPS [Burlington Chem.]
machines, for use in combination with alkali and reducing agents to remove Uses: Scouring agent, wetting agent, emulsifier, detergent for continuous size
dyes, oils, trimer, and tarred residues; solubilizer; emulsifier removal from rayon, acetate, polyester, and their blends with cotton, for cold
Features: High foaming; leaves no residual odor pad batch desizing and bleaching, continuous desizing and bleaching of
Properties: Clear liq.; low odor; sp.gr. 1.05; dens. 8.76 lb/gal; pH 6.5-8.0 cotton and cotton blends; one-bath dye/scour in alkaline dye baths
(1%); anionic Features: Fast wetting; alkali and salt stability; leaves goods absorbent and
Burco® Machine Cleaner MM-PB [Burlington Chem.] spot-free
Chem. Descrip.: Cleaning system with reducing agent and special additives Use Level: 0.05-0.25% owb (saturator sol’ns., desizing syn. fabrics); 1.75-
Uses: Cleaning system for pkg. and beam dyeing machines, for use in 2.5% owb (saturator sol’ns., wetting/scouring for heavy-wt. cotton and
combination with alkali to remove dyes, oils, trimer, and tarred residues; blends)
solubilizer; emulsifier Properties: Yel. clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.04; dens. 8.67 lb/gal; pH 7.75 (1%);
Features: High foaming; leaves no residual odor anionic/nonionic
Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; low odor; sp.gr. 1.07; dens. 8.9 lb/gal; pH 8.5 Burco® Scour FWS [Burlington Chem.]
(1%); nonionic/cationic Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant
Environmental: More environmentally friendly Uses: Scouring agent, wetting agent, deaerating agent for removal of lubri-
Burco® Machine Cleaner MM-TR [Burlington Chem.] cants, impurities from nat. cellulosics, esp. difficult-to-prepare cotton yarns
Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant with reducing agent such as irrigated, long-staple Pima cotton; scouring agent and bleaching
Uses: Surfactant for cleaning of jets, beams, and pkg. dyeing machines, for agent in pkg. or beam dyeing machines; in-bath scour with direct and fiber
use in combination with alkali to remove dyes, oils, trimer, and tarred reactive dyes; emulsifier for oil/wax removal, preventing redeposition
residues; solubilizer; emulsifier Features: Uniform penetration and dyeing; increased absorbency chars.; can
Features: High foaming; leaves no residual odor eliminate yellowing, unlevel dyeings, dye spots; good salt and alkali stabil-
Properties: Clear liq.; low odor; sp.gr. 1.05; dens. 8.76 lb/gal; pH 6.5-8.0 ity
(1%); amphoteric Properties: Brn. clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.02; dens. 8.5 lb/gal; pH 8.0 (1%); anionic/
Environmental: More environmentally friendly nonionic
Burcomul DFE-45 [Burlington Chem.] Burco® Scour GO-II [Burlington Chem.]
Chem. Descrip.: Polyol ester Uses: Scouring agent for grease/graphite and particulate soil removal, and to
Uses: Defoamer, emulsifier for paper, textiles, water treatment, coatings, and recover greige goods rejected due to graphite stains
metalworking, and other low-foaming emulsions Features: Solv.-free; no effluent problems; good environmental props.
Features: Provides formulations with improved emulsion stability; compat. Properties: Yel. liq.; sp.gr. 1.02; dens. 8.5 lb/gal; pH 6.0 (1%); sl. anionic
with all common org. defoamer components Burco® Scour HWF [Burlington Chem.]
Properties: Clear to sl. hazy liq.; sol. in oils and solvs.; water-disp.; sp.gr. Uses: Afterscouring agent for fiber reactive dyes on cellulosic fibers such as
0.94; dens. 7.84 lb/gal; pH 5 (5% disp.); 100% act. cotton and rayon, and for syn./cellulosic blends, improving washfastness
Burcopel 5556 [Burlington Chem.] and wet bleed fastness
Chem. Descrip.: Fluoropolymer emulsion Features: Assists in removing unfixed, hydrolyzed fiber reactive dyes; stable
Uses: Water and oil repellent finish for synthetics and syn. blends to mildly acidic and alkaline pH conditions; low foaming; suitable for all types
Features: Nonhazardous; durable to dry cleaning and home laundering; offers of dyeing machines
soft hand; resist. to abrasion; can be cured at low temps. Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.19; dens. 9.9 lb/gal; pH 5-6 (1%); mildly
Properties: Off-wh. translucent liq.; sp.gr. 1.04; dens. 8.66 lb/gal; flash pt. > cationic
93 C; pH 5.5 (1%); nonionic Environmental: Highly biodeg.
Environmental: Environmentally friendly; does not require a red label Burco® Scour LAS [Burlington Chem.]
Burcopel BGB [Burlington Chem.] Uses: Scouring agent, wetting agent, rewetting agent, detergent, deaerating
Chem. Descrip.: Fluorochemical agent, emulsifier for cotton, polyester/cotton, synthetics, polyester/wool;
Uses: Water and oil repellent finish for cellulosics, synthetics, blends, and PP detergent for heavily waxed and sized goods; emulsifier to prevent redepo-
Features: Durable; highly effective; nonflamm.; exc. resist. to oily soils and sition of waxes and oils; suitable for atmospheric, high temp./high pressure,
stains; offers soft hand; compat with many conventional finishing systems; or continuous equip.; promotes fast, more even prep., dyeing, and finishing
stable to resin applics.; may be applied by pad, spray, or kiss coat Features: Controlled foaming; effective in neutral baths and alkaline hydrogen
Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH 4.75 (1%); peroxide bleach baths
cationic Use Level: 1-2 g/l (scouring cotton or polyester/cotton); 1-2 g/l (scouring
Burco® Reduct RMV [Burlington Chem.] synthetics); 2-4 g/l (scouring polyester/wool)
Uses: Reducing agent for stripping of dyes from yarns and fabrics, and in Properties: Hazy, sl. visc. liq.; sp.gr. 0.98; dens. 8.16 lb/gal; pH 6.0 (1%);
post-scouring of disperse-dyed polyester; cleaning agent for machine clean- nonionic
ing Burco® Scour LFE-800 [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Stabilized; increased safety in handling; lower flamm. and smolder- Uses: Scouring agent, emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent for textile prep.;
ing props. than sodium hydrosulfite; low dusting props. emulsifier for hydrocarbon oils, silicone oils, other lubricants; detergent for
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated virtually all soils (incl. graphite) on all fabrics; prevents redeposition on
Properties: Wh. powd.; dens. 9.51 lb/gal; pH 10 (1%) goods or equip.
Burco® Reduct T [Burlington Chem.] Features: Low to mod. foaming; can be used on all equip.
Uses: Reducing agent for stripping of dyes from yarns and fabrics, post- Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.98; dens. 8.17 lb/gal; pH 5.5 (1%); nonionic
scouring of disperse-dyed polyester, bleaching of nylon, and reduction of vat Burco® Scour LFE-810 [Burlington Chem.]
dyes; cleaning agent for machine cleaning Uses: Scouring agent, emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent for textile prep.;
Features: Stabilized; increased safety in handling; lower flamm. and smolder- emulsifier for hydrocarbon oils, silicone oils, other lubricants; detergent for
ing props. than sodium hydrosulfite; low dusting props. virtually all soils (incl. graphite) on all fabrics; prevents redeposition on
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated goods or equip.
Properties: Wh. powd.; sp.gr. 1.30; dens. 10.8 lb/gal; pH 10.5 (1%) Features: Low foaming; can be used on all equip.
Burco® Reserve Salt G [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.956; dens. 7.97 lb/gal; pH 5 (1%); nonionic

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 71


Burco® Scour LFE-845

Burco® Scour LFE-845 [Burlington Chem.] fullness and good drape while maintaining exc. whiteness, for exhaust or
Uses: Scouring agent, emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent for textile prep.; pad applics. on cotton and cotton blends incl. lycra fabrics
emulsifier for hydrocarbon oils, silicone oils, other lubricants; detergent for Features: Nonyellowing; exc. durability on finished goods to successive
virtually all soils (incl. graphite) on all fabrics; prevents redeposition on launderings; ease of handling
goods or equip. Use Level: 1-4% owg (exhaust); 1-4% owb (pad, wet on dry); 2-8% owb
Features: Low foaming; can be used on all equip. (pad, wet on wet)
Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.42 lb/gal; pH 5.5 (1%); nonionic/ Properties: Wh. thin pumpable emulsion; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH
anionic 2.5-3.5; cationic
Burco® Scour OSS-NF [Burlington Chem.] Burcosoft® AFK-4 [Burlington Chem.]
Uses: Scouring agent for jets and other equip. where foaming causes prob- Uses: Softener, antistat for pad or exhaust applic. on cotton and cotton blends,
lems, esp. for removal of oily substances such as spinning and knitting oils; imparting soft, smooth, cationic hand with surf. slickness and exc. drape and
dye prescouring agent; in-bath scour during polyester dye cycle; emulsifier delivering sewing lubricity and sewing protection
for oils; eliminates spotting due to redeposition of oils Features: Highly effective; nonyellowing; maintains high whiteness; exc.
Features: Nonfoaming durability to laundering on finished goods; low foaming and minimal color
Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.34 lb/gal; pH 7 (1%); anionic bleed at the pad; compat. and stable in combination with most finishing
Burco® Scour SBO-100 [Burlington Chem.] auxs.; high substantivity
Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent, emulsifier, detergent for socks, hosiery, Use Level: 1-3% owg (exhaust); 1-3% owb (pad, wet on dry); 3-7% owb
knits, wovens, and garments during batch processing of goods, bleaching, (pad, wet on wet)
optical brightening, and direct dye applics. of cotton and syn. knits and Properties: Wh. thin emulsion; disperses readily; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.4 lb/
woven goods gal; pH 3-5 (1% disp.); cationic
Features: Stable to reduction, chlorine and hydrogen peroxide bleaching, and Burcosoft® DJ [Burlington Chem.]
electrolytes; suitable for one-bath scouring and brightening Uses: Softener, antistat for pad or exhaust applic. on yarns and fibers of cotton
Properties: Clear liq.; dens. 8.43 lb/gal; pH 4 (1%); nonionic/anionic and cotton blends incl. lycra fabrics, imparting a slick cationic hand with
Burco® Scour SO-FW [Burlington Chem.] fullness and good drape
Uses: Scouring agent, wetting agent, emulsifier, detergent for socks, hosiery, Features: Nonyellowing; maintains high whiteness; high substantivity; exc.
knits, wovens, and garments during batch processing of goods, bleaching durability to successive launderings on finished goods; ease of handling
and optical brightener applic. of syn. and woven goods Use Level: 1-4% owg (exhaust); 1-4% owb (pad, wet on dry); 2-8% owb
Features: Low foaming; cost-effective; stable to reduction, chlorine and hy- (pad, wet on wet)
drogen peroxide bleaching; suitable for one-bath scouring and brightening Properties: Wh. thin pumpable emulsion; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH
Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.99; dens. 8.26 lb/gal; pH 4 (1%); nonionic/sl. 2.5-3.5; cationic
anionic Burcosoft® DMX [Burlington Chem.]
Burco® Scour TX-199 [Burlington Chem.] Chem. Descrip.: Org./silicone blend
Uses: Scouring agent, emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent, penetrant for con- Uses: Softener for cotton yarns and fabrics, cotton blends with synthetics,
tinuous or batch operations, all fibers, all temps.; emulsifier for oils, spin finish providing a soft hand with slickness, drape, and good sewing and napping
lubricants, and melted waxes; no spotting due to redeposited oils/waxes props., for exhaust and pad applics.
Features: Stable in alkaline bleach baths; free-rinsing; water conservation; no Features: Good whiteness retention
APEO surfactants Properties: Wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH 3.5 (1% disp.);
Properties: Clear liq.; dens. 8.34 lb/gal; pH 4 (1%); nonionic/sl. anionic cationic
Environmental: Environmentally friendly; good biodeg. Burcosoft® FGD [Burlington Chem.]
Burco® Scour TX-199 LF [Burlington Chem.] Uses: Softener for cellulosics and their blends providing exc. needle cutting
Uses: Scouring agent, emulsifier, detergent, wetting agent for continuous or and overdyeing props. for ‘prepare for garment dye’ piece goods, by pad
batch operations, all fibers, all temps.; emulsifier for oils, spin finish lubri- applic.; softener for Rehance® process
cants, and melted waxes; no spotting due to redeposited oils/waxes Features: Exc. stability; applied as pure finish or in combination with other
Features: Low foaming; stable in alkaline bleach baths; free-rinsing; water chems.; low yellowing; leaves goods absorbent and suitable for printing;
conservation compat. with most typ. finishing chems.
Properties: Lt. tan liq.; sp.gr. 0.99; dens. 8.25 lb/gal; pH 6.5 (1%); nonionic/ Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.34 lb/gal; pH 8.25 (1%);
sl. anionic nonionic
Environmental: Environmentally friendly Burcosoft® LAR [Burlington Chem.]
Burcosil® AME [Burlington Chem.] Chem. Descrip.: Org./silicone blend
Chem. Descrip.: Amino-functional silicone microemulsion Uses: Softener for open-end spun cotton yarns and fabrics, providing soft
Uses: Softener providing very soft, full hand on all fibers, improving tear str. hand with slickness and drape and good sewing props.; provides good
Features: Durable finish; can be used in combination with durable press whiteness retention applied to synthetics; provides good boarding lubricity
resins; primarily applied by pad, but can be exhausted at acidic pH; minimal applied to nylon and nylon/cotton socks; primarily for pad applic., but may
quantities required to obtain very soft hand; excessive amts. may cause be applied by exhaust method
yellowing Properties: Wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 0.99; dens. 8.25 lb/gal; pH 4.5 (1% disp.);
Use Level: 1% owf max. (without yellowing); 0.2-2.0% owf (tubular knits) cationic
Properties: Clear to sl. translucent liq.; readily disp. in water; dens. 8.2 lb/gal; Burcosoft LEQ [Burlington Chem.]
pH 4.0 (1% aq.); 25% solids Chem. Descrip.: Ester quat. softener conc. (90%) in propylene glycol (10%)
Burcosil® HWR-NEW [Burlington Chem.] Uses: Softener for textiles, commercial laundry softeners, tissue paper, I&I
Chem. Descrip.: Amino-functional silicone microemulsion applics.; enhances water absorbency of fabrics
Uses: Imparts durable silicone finish on nat. and syn. fibers and fabrics and Features: Easy to dilute; disperses readily; pumpable and pourable @ 45 F;
their blends in continuous or batch processes, providing luxurious hand, no flamm. solvs.; nonyellowing
maintaining exc. whiteness with low yellowing, for applic. by pad or ex- Properties: Gardner 7 max. clear to sl. hazy liq.; sp.gr. 1.007; visc. 300-500
haust cps (100 F); pour pt. < 45 F; flash pt. (CC) > 200 F; 90% act.; < 1%
Features: Yields some elastomeric props.; improves wrinkle recovery and moisture
tear str.; exc. shear stability; imparts durable finish, extended when applied Environmental: Environmentally friendly; derived from sustainable resources;
in a resin/catalyst system known to biodegrade more readily than other cationics
Use Level: 0.25-1.0% owg (exhaust); 0.5-2.0% owb (pad) Burcosoft® NAC [Burlington Chem.]
Properties: Clear to sl. translucent liq.; readily disp. in water in all proportions; Chem. Descrip.: Org./silicone blend
sp.gr. 0.98; dens. 8.16 lb/gal; pH 5.5 (1% aq.); cationic Uses: Softener for cotton, nylon, and cotton/nylon apparel and hosiery,
Burcosoft® 190 [Burlington Chem.] providing full, smooth hand with surf. slickness and drape, for exhaust and
Uses: Softener, antistat for yarns and fibers imparting slick ‘cationic’ hand with pad applics.; lubricant for boarding of socks and hosiery

72 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Burcowet® WTS

Features: Nonyellowing; good whiteness retention Burcostat CNY [Burlington Chem.]


Properties: Wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.33 lb/gal; pH 4.0 (1%); mildly Uses: Antistat, lubricant for most textile fibers incl. acrylic, nylon, polyester,
cationic and syn. blends, providing soft, full hand, for applic. by conventional finish
Burcosoft® NVA-C [Burlington Chem.] padding or spray operations, or exhausted from long bath ratios
Uses: Softener, antistat, lubricant for acrylics and other synthetics, and regen- Features: Effective at relatively low levels of treatment; nonyellowing; compat.
erated and nat. fibers, esp. for hand knitting yarns with improved winding with nonionics and cationics
and knitting props.; suitable for exhaust, pad, and spray applic. Properties: Amber liq.; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH 7.5 (1%); cationic
Features: Exc. heat stability; stable for in-bath applic. with basic dyes on Burcotex DA-NS [Burlington Chem.]
acrylic yarns and fabrics; compat. with cationics, nonionics Uses: Deaerating agent, wetting agent for pkg. and beam prep. and dyeing,
Use Level: 1-4% owg (exhaust); 10-40 g/l (pad, on 100% wet pickup) providing more even scouring, dyeing, and finishing, and better penetration
Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; readily dilutable in 5 parts of water @ 27-38 C; of other textile auxs.
sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.33 lb/gal; pH 4.5 (1%); cationic Features: Improves fabric/yarn quality; eliminates air pockets; nonfoaming;
Burcosoft® PES [Burlington Chem.] rapid wetting; good stability to electrolytes, alkalis, and mild acids
Uses: Napping softener for synthetics such as polyester, providing exc. Properties: Clear to sl. hazy liq.; sp.gr. 0.94; dens. 7.84 lb/gal; pH 5 (1%);
sewability, dry, slick hand with exc. scroop, and ideal for ‘prepare for nonionic/sl. anionic
garment dyeing’ of cotton fabrics, for pad or spray applic. Burcovel PSN-20 [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Good whiteness retention; does not contribute to dye affinity and Uses: Softener, napping lubricant for cellulosics and blends, providing exc.
shaded panels; permits exc. coverage for densely napped goods hand, whiteness, and sewing lubricity, suitable for prepare-for-print and
Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.41 lb/gal; pH 6.3 (1%); prepare-for-garment-dye goods, rec. for pad applic. and high-velocity finish-
nonionic ing equip.
Burcosoft® STP [Burlington Chem.] Features: Low foaming; nonyellowing; heat resist.
Uses: Softener for cellulosics such as cotton and rayon, and rayon/acetate, Properties: Wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.01; dens. 8.42 lb/gal; pH 4.50 (1% disp.);
acrylic, and other knit and woven blends, providing soft hand with good mildly cationic
drape, good whiteness retention, exc. napping props. Burcovel SID-200% [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Stable to post-cure or pre-cure resin finishing systems and acidic Chem. Descrip.: Org./silicone blend
pH conditions; compat. with most conventional finishing auxs. Uses: Softener, lubricant for socks and hosiery, for cotton, nylon, acrylic, and
Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.33 lb/gal; pH 4 (1%); sl. blends with spandex, providing full, slick bulky hand, esp. for exhaust
cationic applics.
Burcosoft® TPD [Burlington Chem.] Features: Highly act.; lubricity for ease of unloading and boarding
Chem. Descrip.: Org./silicone blend Properties: Off-wh. emulsion; sp.gr. 1.00; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH 4.5 (1%);
Uses: Softener for exhaust and pad applics. on cotton and cotton blends with cationic
polyester, nylon, and spandex, suitable for apparel, hosiery, and socks, and Burcowet® 500 [Burlington Chem.]
providing a full, bulky, slick hand Uses: Wetting agent, penetrant, emulsifier, detergent for continuous or pad
Features: Nonyellowing; high whiteness retention; heat stable batch enzyme desizing baths, dyeing and finishing processes, water/oil
Properties: Milky wh. liq. emulsion; dens. 8.3 lb/gal; pH 4.25 (1%); cationic repellent finishes; due to nonrewetting props. after curing, ideal as pad bath
Burcosperse® 2000 [Burlington Chem.] penetrant in water and oil repellent finishes
Uses: Chelating agent, sequestrant, dispersant for metals and other impuri- Features: High speed wetting; mod. foaming; cost-effective; high efficiency at
ties, preventing spotting and promoting soft hand/absorbency by preventing low levels; compat. with enzymes; stable in typ. alkaline hydrogen perox-
deposition of Ca, Mg, and Fe salts; sequesters metals in disperse and fiber ide bleach baths; compat. with most dyeing and finishing chems.
reactive dyestuffs; dispersant for dyes, salts; distorts crystal growth patterns Use Level: 2-3 g/l
for easy removal; antiprecipitant for salts during rinse cycles; iron chelating Properties: Clear to sl. hazy liq.; sp.gr. 1.0; dens. 8.34 lb/gal; pH 6 (1%);
agent during fabric prep. to prevent fabric/yarn damage; stabilizer for hydro- nonionic
gen peroxide Burcowet® BRM Super [Burlington Chem.]
Features: Low foaming; removes silicate and other buildup on machines Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent, bleaching assistant, leveling agent for
Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.13; dens. 9.42 lb/gal; pH 7.75 (1%); anionic prep. and dyeing, leaving goods absorbent and clean; bleaching assistant
Burcosperse® NB-100 [Burlington Chem.] for continuous and batch bleaching; good soil suspension
Chem. Descrip.: Polymer salt Features: Economical; highly effective; fast wetting; high foaming; high alka-
Uses: Sequestrant, dispersant for reactive, direct, disperse, or acid dyes, or line, electrolyte and salt stability; stable in 16% liq. caustic up to b.p.; stable
together with soda ash in the aftersoap to improve washfastness and to chlorine, chlorite, or peroxygen bleaching systems; rec. for low shear
crockfastness equip.
Features: Nonchelating; phosphate-free; nonfoaming; will not demetalize Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.07; dens. 8.92 lb/gal; pH 8 (1%); anionic
metal complex dyes; totally free-rinsing Burcowet® HWC [Burlington Chem.]
Properties: Straw-colored liq.; sp.gr. 1.13; chel. value < 100 mg/g CaCO3; Uses: Wetting agent, scouring agent, bleaching assistant, leveling agent for
pH 8-10 (1%); 21% solids; anionic prep. and dyeing, leaving goods absorbent and clean; bleaching assistant
Burcosperse® NB-200% [Burlington Chem.] for continuous and batch bleaching; good soil suspension
Chem. Descrip.: Polymer Features: Economical; highly effective; fast wetting; high foaming; high alka-
Uses: Sequestrant, dispersant for reactive, direct, disperse, or acid dyes, or line, electrolyte and salt stability; stable in 16% liq. caustic up to b.p.; stable
together with soda ash in the aftersoap to improve washfastness and to chlorine, chlorite, or peroxygen bleaching systems; rec. for low shear
crockfastness equip.
Features: Nonchelating; phosphate-free; nonfoaming; will not demetalize Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.07; dens. 8.92 lb/gal; pH 8 (1%); anionic
metal complex dyes; totally free-rinsing Burcowet® NRW-3 [Burlington Chem.]
Properties: Straw-colored liq.; chel. value > 200 mg/g CaCO3; pH 7.5-9.0; Uses: Wetting agent for use in fluorochemical and other waterproofing finishing
42-44% solids; anionic applics.
Burco® Stabilizer H-1 New [Burlington Chem.] Features: Nonrewetting when fully cured
Chem. Descrip.: Org/inorg. Use Level: 1-5 g/l (finish bath)
Uses: Stabilizer, sequestrant, dispersant, iron chelating agent for hydrogen Properties: Lt. yel. clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.99; pH 7 (1%); nonionic
peroxide bleach baths, for exhaust and continuous applics.; controls oxida- Burcowet® WTS [Burlington Chem.]
tion to prevent damage which can cause yarn/fabric tendering, discoloration, Uses: Wetting agent, detergent for textile batch and continuous applics.
and dyeing problems; sequestrant, dispersant controlling Ca/Mg hardness Features: Controlled foam; reduced foam at elevated temps.; compat. with
and silicate buildup virtually all textile auxs., incl. enzymes
Features: Silicate-free; highly efficient Use Level: 1-2 g/l (continuous and batch)
Properties: Amber clear liq.; sp.gr. 1.2; dens. 10 lb/gal; pH 6.6 (1%); anionic Properties: Clear liq.; sp.gr. 0.94; dens. 7.8 lb/gal; pH 6 (1%); nonionic

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 73


Burcowite EHS

Burcowite EHS [Burlington Chem.] Properties: Milk-wh. disp.; 0.25-1.5 µ particle size; mild odor; misc. with
Uses: Hydrogen peroxide bleaching additive for dye beck machines and water; dens. 8.4 lb/gal; visc. 500-1500 cps; flash pt. > 700 F; pH 8.0-10.5;
some jets, for bleaching of knitted goods and woven fabrics 50-52% total solids; anionic
Features: Single-pack prod.; convenient to use and store Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 15,800 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 7940 mg/kg;
Properties: Wh. free-flowing powd.; readily sol. in hot water; sp.gr. 1.0; pH pract. nontoxic orally, dermally; may cause sl. eye and skin irritation; TSCA
11.3-11.7 (1%); anionic listed
Storage: Store in cool, dry place Environmental: LC50 (bluegill sunfish, 96 h) 160 mg/l, (daphnia magna, 48 h)
Burcowite EHS-O [Burlington Chem.] 650 mg/l; pract. nontoxic
Uses: Hydrogen peroxide bleaching additive with built-in fluorescent bright- Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Dry solid @ 100 C for several hours may
ener for dye beck machines and some jets, for bleaching of knitted goods release butyraldehyde, butyric acid, acrolein, crotonaldehyde, CO in ab-
and woven fabrics sence of oxygen
Features: Single-pack prod.; convenient to use and store Storage: 1 yr. shelf life @ R.T.; do not freeze; avoid high heat and humidity
Properties: Wh. free-flowing powd.; readily sol. in hot water; sp.gr. 1.0; pH B-W® 50 Sodium Silicate [PQ]
11.3-11.7 (1%); anionic Chem. Descrip.: Sodium silicate sol’n.
Storage: Store in cool, dry place Chem. Analysis: SiO2 (27.7%), Na2O (8.6%)
Burcowite SM Conc. [Burlington Chem.] CAS 1344-09-8; EINECS/ELINCS 215-687-4
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium percarbonate-based oxidative bleach Uses: Binder, corrosion inhibitor, deflocculant, buffer, detergent, processing
Uses: Oxidizing agent, alkaline agent for cotton and rayon yarns and fabrics aid for detergents and cleaners; detergent in deinking of pulp/paper; adhesion
for pretreatment to provide a clean, wh. base suitable for dyeing light-pastel promoter in laminating/labeling/paper board; colloidal control in drilling muds;
and bright shades; oxidizing agent for vat dyes; antichlor for chlorine bleaches; flocculant, film-forming corrosion inhibitor for water treatment; binder in waste
cleaning agent for cotton/spandex that has been discolored from greige heat- treatment, cements, coating welding rods, metal pelletizing; buffer in pad-
setting; stripping agent, color reducer for acid and direct-dyed shades batch dyeing (textiles); deflocculant in ceramics (slip casting, slurry thinners)
Features: Safely used at all temps. and concs.; safe on all fabrics; suitable Features: High alkalinity
with selected direct dyes for one-bath bleach/dye processes, and with Properties: Syrupy liq.; sp.gr. 1.53 (20 C); dens. 12.8 lb/gal (20 C); visc.
selected fiber reactive dyes for post-bleaching 280 cps; pH 13.4
Properties: Wh. gran. solid; sol. 140 g/l in water @ 24 C; pH 10.5 (1%); Storage: Prevent freezing
13% avail. oxygen content BYK®-3105 [BYK-Chemie USA]
Burst® 2000 [Ciba Spec. Chems./Textiles] Chem. Descrip.: Methylalkylpolysiloxane
Chem. Descrip.: Reacted silicone Uses: Air release additive for PVC plastisols, for artificial leather, carpetback-
Uses: Defoamer that eliminates foam throughout dyeing cycle, even during ing, casting, coil coating, conveyor belts, dipping, flooring, rotational mold-
depressurizing of jets ing, inks, tarps, wallpapers
Features: Free-rinsing due to exc. water dispersibility; stable to acids, alkalis, Features: Eliminates or reduces degassing
electrolytes, shear Use Level: 0.5 phr max.
Properties: Exc. cold water sol.; nonionic Properties: Lt. yel. liq., ester-like odor; insol. in water; sp.gr. 0.91; dens. 7.58
Storage: Exc. storage stability @ 120 F lb/gal; flash pt. (Seta CC) > 65 C; 99% NV
Butaclor® L 633 [EniChem Am.] Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 20,000 mg/kg; nonirritating to skin and eyes;
Chem. Descrip.: Polychloroprene latex with rosin acid emulsifier inh. of high concs. of vapor may cause respiratory tract irritation; TSCA
CAS 9010-98-4 listed
Uses: Latex for textile impregnation, bitumen modification, dipped goods, Precaution: Flamm. limits 0.8-6.8% vol. in air; incompat. with strong acids/
water-based adhesives oxidizing agents
Features: General purpose; slow crystallization speed Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Combustion prods.: CO, CO2, silicon compds.,
Properties: pH 12; 58-58% dry content; anionic formaldehyde
Butaclor® XL 705 [EniChem Am.] Storage: Keep container tightly closed when not in use
Chem. Descrip.: Polychloroprene latex with rosin acid emulsifier BYK®-3155 [BYK-Chemie USA]
CAS 9010-98-4 Chem. Descrip.: Polyoxyalkylene derivs.
Uses: Latex used for impregnation of nonwoven fabrics and the prod. of Uses: Air release additive for PVC plastisols, for artificial leather, carpetback-
water-based adhesives ing, casting, coil coating, conveyor belts, dipping, flooring, rotational mold-
Features: High crystallization rate ing, inks, tarps, wallpapers
Properties: pH 12; 50-54% dry content; anionic Features: Eliminates or reduces degassing
Butvar® Dispersion BR Resin [Solutia] Use Level: 0.2-1% (on total formulation)
Chem. Descrip.: Polyvinyl butyral/polyvinyl alcohol/polyvinyl acetate ter- Properties: Colorless liq., odorless; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.26; dens. 9.39 lb/
polymer with soaps (butyl ricinoleate (15%), potassium oleate (2%) gal; flash pt. (Seta CC) > 150 C; > 80% NV
Uses: Tough and transparent resin for films, for textile finishing, greaseproof Toxicology: Repeated/prolonged contact may cause eye/skin irritation; re-
and washable wallpaper coatings, and decorative/protective coatings for peated ingestion may irritate digestive tract; TSCA listed
metal, wood, glass, and other materials Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents
Features: Resist. to water, heat, and sunlight Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: Combustion prods.: CO, CO2
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA nonreportable; CERCLA nonreport- Storage: Keep container tightly closed when not in use
able

74 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


C
C 12 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] Environmental: Biodeg.
Uses: Leveling agent for dyeing wool and polyamide with acid dyestuffs, 1:2 Calfax® 10L-45 [Pilot]
metal complex and direct dyestuffs; leveling agent against streaking in Chem. Descrip.: Sodium linear decyl diphenyl oxide disulfonate
polyamide CAS 36445-71-3
Features: Very high migration power Uses: Surfactant, solubilizer, coupling agent, stabilizer, wetting agent, disper-
Use Level: 1-3% sant for dye bath leveling, pigment dispersion, heavy-duty cleaners, latex
Properties: Liq.; anionic emulsification, agric. chemicals, bottle washing; surfactant for emulsion po-
C 14 [CHT R. Beitlich GmbH] lymerization; solubilizer for phenolic germicides in detergent-disinfectant for-
Uses: Leveling agent against streaking in polyamide mulations; emulsifier in mfg. of food-contact articles
Features: Very high migration power Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §178.3400
Use Level: 0.5-3% Properties: Lt. amber aq. sol’n.; sol. in water, org. solvs.; pH 8.5; 45% act.;
Properties: Liq.; anionic anionic
Calamide® CW-100 [Pilot] Environmental: Biodeg.
Chem. Descrip.: Cocamide DEA (2:1) Calfax® 16L-35 [Pilot]
CAS 61791-31-9; EINECS/ELINCS 263-163-9 Chem. Descrip.: Sodium n-hexadecyl diphenyl disulfonate
Uses: Surfactant, visc. modifier, foam stabilizer for wool washing sol’ns., liq. CAS 65143-89-7
detergents, janitorial cleaners, personal care prods. Uses: Emulsifier for specialized emulsion polymerization (S/B latex); textiles
Properties: Liq.; 100% act. (emulsifier for aromatic dye carriers; detergent on synthetics, cotton, and
Calchem® C-102 [Lambent Tech.] blends); hard surf. cleaner; agric. pesticides; emulsifier in mfg. of food-
Chem. Descrip.: Canola oil contact articles
CAS 120962-03-0 Features: High electrolyte tolerance
Uses: Lubricant for engine lubricants, hydraulic fluids, metalworking cutting Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §178.3400
and stamping fluids, 2-cycle marine, bar and chain, and textile lubricants, Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; pH 8-10 (10%); 35% conc.; anionic
biodeg. greases; dust suppression; mold release agents; crop oils; interme- Environmental: Biodeg.
diate for mfg. of oleochems. and esters Calfax® DB-45 [Pilot]
Features: Suitable for use as biodeg. base stock in many applics. currently Chem. Descrip.: Sodium dodecyl diphenyl oxide disulfonate
using petroleum prods.; offers low evap. loss, low toxicity, low irritation Uses: Detergent, solubilizer for dye bath and other strongly polar applics, e.g.,
Properties: Yel. clear liq.; sol. in min. oil; disp. in propylene glycol and dip tank cleaners, electroplating baths, heavy-duty cleaners, latex emulsifi-
hexylene glycol; insol. in ethanol; sp.gr. 0.92; dens. 7.64 lb/gal; visc. 67 ers, agric. chemicals; emulsion polymerization (S/B, PVC, PVAc, acrylic
cSt; iodine no. 118; pour pt. -32 C; flash pt. 321 C; ref. index 1.46; 0.15% latexes); textiles (leveling agent, emulsifier); detergents (wetting, coupling,
moisture stabilizing agent); mining (crystal growth modifier); phenol-formaldehyde
Environmental: Rapid biodeg. resins; food pkg. adhesives; emulsifier in mfg. of food-contact articles
Calchem® C-102 HL [Lambent Tech.] Features: Tolerant of high alkalinity, high acidity, high levels of electrolyte
Chem. Descrip.: Laurate canola oil Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 178.3400; 180.1001
CAS 158318-72-0 Properties: Pale yel.-brn. liq.; water-sol.; pH 8-10; 45% conc.; anionic
Uses: Lubricant for hydraulic fluids, metalworking cutting and stamping fluids, Calfax® DBA-70 [Pilot]
2-cycle marine, textile, and chain saw lubricants, tractor fluids, gear oils; Chem. Descrip.: Dodecyl diphenyl oxide disulfonic acid
dust suppression; mold release agents; min. oil substitute CAS 30260-72-1
Properties: Yel. clear liq.; sol. in min. oil; disp. in propylene glycol and Uses: Surfactant for emulsion polymerization (S/B, PVC, PVAc, acrylic
hexylene glycol; insol. in ethanol; sp.gr. 0.92; dens. 7.7 lb/gal; visc. 58 cSt; latexes); textiles (leveling agent, emulsifier); detergents (wetting, coupling,
iodine no. 66; pour pt. -6 C; flash pt. > 290 C; ref. index 1.46; 0.15% max. and stabilizing agent); mining (crystal growth modifier); phenol-formalde-
moisture hyde resins; food pkg. adhesives; emulsifier in mfg. of food-contact articles
Toxicology: Nontoxic Features: Free sulfonic acid form of Calfax DB-45; useful in acidic formula-
Environmental: Biodeg. tions or for conversion to specialty salts
Calchem® H-102 [Lambent Tech.] Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 178.3400
Chem. Descrip.: Rapeseed oil, 45% high erucic acid Properties: Amber visc. liq.; 70% conc.; anionic
CAS 8002-13-9; EINECS/ELINCS 232-299-0 Calfoam ES-30 [Pilot]
Uses: Lubricant for metalworking cutting and stamping fluids, textile lubri- Chem. Descrip.: Sodium laureth sulfate
cants; mold release agents; ribbon inks; plasticizers; rubber processing; CAS 9004-82-4; EINECS/ELINCS 221-416-0
oleochem. intermediate Uses: Detergent, foam stabilizer, flash foaming agent, wetting agent for deter-
Features: Low evap. loss; low toxicity; exc. heat stability gent systems, personal care prods., wool washing; emulsion polymeriza-
Properties: Yel. clear liq.; sol. in min. oil; disp. in propylene glycol and tion
hexylene glycol; insol. in ethanol; sp.gr. 0.91; dens. 7.64 lb/gal; visc. 86 Properties: Yel. clear liq.; mild odor; dens. 8.8 lb/gal; pH 8.0; 30% solids;
cSt; iodine no. 106; pour pt. -12 C; flash pt. 310 C; ref. index 1.46; 0.15% anionic
max. moisture Calfoam ES-303 [Pilot]

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 75


Calight RPO

Chem. Descrip.: Sodium laureth sulfate (3 mole EO) Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None known
CAS 9004-82-4; EINECS/ELINCS 221-416-0 HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
Uses: Detergent for shampoos, bubble bath, emulsion polymerization, light Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area @ 40-90 F; keep container closed
duty liq. detergents, wool washing Callalube DVC [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
Properties: Liq.; 28% conc.; anionic Chem. Descrip.: High m.w., low charge dens. polymeric lubricant sol’n.
Calight RPO [Calumet Lubricants] Uses: Fiber-to-fiber and fiber-to-metal lubricant for batch processing to reduce
Chem. Descrip.: Hydrotreated naphthenic process oil ASTM Type 103 crack and crease marks and to enhance dyeing chars.
Uses: Plasticizer, extender, process oil for rubber industry, resin extending, Features: Nonflamm.
PVC, textiles, caulking compds., food-contact applics. Use Level: 1-2% owg
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §178.3620(c) Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
Properties: M.w. 315; sp.gr. 0.920 (60 F); dens. 7.66 lb/gal; visc. 152 SUS nonreportable
(100 F); pour pt. -30 F; flash pt. (COC) 360 F; ref. index 1.5034 Properties: Lt. colored clear to sl. hazy, transparent to milky liq. (becomes
Calimulse L-22 [Pilot] milky when heated); disp. in water; sp.gr. 1.02 (80 F); dens. 8.14-8.54 lb/gal
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (22% sol’n.) (80 F); visc. < 700 cps (80 F); vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; f.p. 32 F; b.p. 212
Uses: Surfactant for emulsion polymerization of range of polymers incl. SBR, F; anionic
vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, styrene and acrylic latexes; defoamer in food- Toxicology: Eye irritant; prolonged/repeated contact may cause skin irritation,
contact paper/paperboard; in food-contact textiles dermatitis; ing. may cause GI irritation, nausea, diarrhea; if aspirated, may
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 175.320, 175.365, 175.380, cause bronchiopneumonia, pulmonary edema; inh. of high concs. irritating to
176.170, 176.180, 176.210, 177.1010, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1630, respiratory tract; TSCA listed
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3120, 178.3400 Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents
Properties: Clear liq.; visc. 1500 (LVT #2 @ 30 rpm); pH 7-8.5; 22-24% act. Hazardous Ingreds.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol
Calimulse L-30 [Pilot] Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (30% sol’n.) HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
Uses: Surfactant for emulsion polymerization of range of polymers incl. SBR, Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep
vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, styrene and acrylic latexes; defoamer in food- container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty
contact paper/paperboard; in food-contact textiles containers may contain residue
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 175.320, 175.365, 175.380, Callaterge CDD [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
176.170, 176.180, 176.210, 177.1010, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1630, Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant sol’n.
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3120, 178.3400 Uses: Detergent, dispersant, emulsifier, wetting agent for desize, abrasion,
Properties: Liq.; visc. 350 cps; pH 7-8.5; 30-33% solids and clean-up, after enzymatic abrasion and/or bleaching; suspending agent
Calimulse L-50 [Pilot] for indigo and sulfur dyestuffs
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium linear alkylbenzene sulfonate Features: Med. to low foaming
Chem. Analysis: Sodium sulfate (1.5%); unsulfonated matter (1.5%) Use Level: 0.1-0.3% owg (full str.) or diluted with water
Uses: Surfactant for emulsion polymerization of range of polymers incl. SBR, Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, styrene and acrylic latexes; defoamer in food- nonreportable
contact paper/paperboard; in food-contact textiles Properties: Clear to sl. hazy liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 0.98 (80 F); dens. 8.0-
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 175.320, 175.365, 175.380, 8.4 lb/gal (80 F); vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; f.p. 32 F; b.p. 212 F; flash pt.
176.170, 176.180, 176.210, 177.1010, 177.1200, 177.1210, 177.1630, (PMCC) > 300 F; nonionic
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3120, 178.3400 Toxicology: May cause eye/skin irritation, dermatitis; ing. may cause vom-
Properties: Slurry; pH 7-8 (5% sol’n.); 50-53% act. iting, GI irritation, nausea, diarrhea; inh. may cause eye/respiratory tract
Calimulse SLS [Pilot] irritation; TSCA listed
Chem. Descrip.: Sodium lauryl sulfate, emulsion polymerization grade (30% Precaution: Incompat. with oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong alkali
sol’n.) Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Chem. Analysis: Sodium bicarbonate (0.15-0.25%); sodium sulfate (0.10- HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
0.50%); sodium chloride (0.10%) Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep
CAS 151-21-3; EINECS/ELINCS 205-788-1 container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty
Uses: Surfactant, emulsifier for emulsion polymerization, styrene acrylics, containers may contain residue
acrylics, vinyl chloride and styrene butadiene emulsions; defoamer in food- Callaway 1640 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
contact paper/paperboard; in food-contact textiles Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylamide-based blend aq. sol’n.
Features: No formaldehyde present Uses: Film-former exhibiting adhesion chars. for slashing of nat. or dyed
Regulatory: FDA 21CFR §175.105, 175.300, 176.170, 176.210, 177.1210, cotton yarn, for single-component sizing in open-end denim count cotton
177.2600, 177.2800, 178.3400 yarn; binder in yarns in combination with starches
Properties: Liq.; visc. 150 cps; pH 7.5-8.5 (10% sol’n.); 29.5-30.5% act.; Features: Controls bleeding of indigo dyed yarns in the size box; easily
anionic removable; nonflamm.; zero VOC
Callalube DSL [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] Use Level: 4-8% solids (signle-component size on open-end denim count
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene/quat. blend emulsion yarn); 10-15% on total size solids (when used with starch)
Uses: Lubricant aiding cutting, sewing, tear str., and sanforizing for denim Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
finishing, for padding applic.; rewetting props. on sanforizer to aid uniform nonreportable
shrinkage control; fiber-to-fiber lubricant to aid elong. control Properties: Amber translucent liq.; completely sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.01-1.03;
Features: Buffered; contains antifoam; contains no nonylphenol ethoxylates dens. 8.6 ± 0.2 lb/gal; visc. 1000 cps max.; f.p. < 35 F; b.p. 212 F; pH 5-
Use Level: 2-3% owb 7; 24 ± 2% solids; nonionic
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 Toxicology: May cause skin/eye irritation; low oral toxicity; TSCA listed
nonreportable Hazardous Ingreds.: Carbamide
Properties: Lt. amber to grnsh.-yel. milky to translucent liq.; disp. in water; Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
sp.gr. 0.98-1.03 (80 F); dens. 8.2-8.6 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 100 cps (80 F); HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; b.p. 212 F; flash pt. > 200 F; pH 8.5-9.5; 35 ± Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; keep container closed; protect
1% solids; nonionic from freezing
Toxicology: May cause eye irritation; mist may be harmful if inhaled; pro- Callaway 1663 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
longed/repeated contact may cause skin irritation, dermatitis; ing. may cause Chem. Descrip.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol
vomiting, GI irritation, nausea, diarrhea; TSCA listed Uses: Surfactant, wetting agent, rewetting agent for textile scouring, enzyme
Precaution: Spillages are slippery desizing, afterwashing, or finishing; emulsifier to stabilize baths contg. emul-
Hazardous Ingreds.: Carbamide, oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol sified prods.

76 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Callaway 1781

Features: High cloud pt.; compat. with cationics, anionics, and nonionics Chem. Descrip.: Sequestrant plus sodium hydroxide (< 2%) in aq. sol’n.
Use Level: 0.10-0.25% owb UN No. 1719
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 Uses: Sequestrant to control water hardness to pH 13 and chelating agent to
nonreportable complex Ca, Mg, and other common metals, for use in garment processing
Properties: Water-wh. to straw-colored clear to sl. hazy liq.; sol. in water; for desizing, scouring, and afterwashing
sp.gr. 0.98-1.04 (80 F); dens. 8.15-8.65 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 200 cps (80 F); Features: Nonflamm.
b.p. > 200 F; cloud pt. ≈ 180 F (1% aq.); flash pt. (PMCC) > 300 F; pH 6- Use Level: 0.25-0.50% owg
8 (1% aq.); 90% act.; nonionic Regulatory: SARA §311/312 acute and chronic health hazard, §313 nonre-
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 700 mg/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2 g/kg; eye irritant; portable; EPA RQ ingred. (sodium hydroxide)
prolonged/repeated contact may cause skin irritation; mod. toxic by ing.; Properties: Clear liq.; sl. ammonia odor; misc. with water; sp.gr. 1.26-1.32;
inh. of high concs. irritating to respiratory tract; negligible inh. hazard @ visc. < 100 cps; f.p. -27 F; b.p. 212-216 F; pH 11-12 (1% aq.); anionic
ambient temps. Toxicology: Causes severe skin/eye irritation, possible permanent damage;
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents may be harmful if inhaled; ing. may cause GI irritation, nausea; if aspirated,
Hazardous Ingreds.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol; ethylene oxide (trace) may cause bronchiopneumonia, pulmonary edema; TSCA listed
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None Environmental: LC50 (bluegill sunfish, 96 h) 550 mg/l, (daphnia magna, 48 h)
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 595 mg/l
Storage: Store in warm, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep Precaution: Corrosive to aluminum; readily generates flamm. hydrogen gas
container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty in contact with aluminum; may slowly generate hydrogen gas in contact
containers may contain residue; rotate inventory to avoid prolonged storage with zinc
Callaway 1667 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] Hazardous Ingreds.: Sodium hydroxide (< 2%)
Chem. Descrip.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Uses: Surfactant, fast wetting agent, mild scouring agent for garments, in HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
enzyme and alkaline desize baths; suspending agent for indigo and sulfur Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; keep container closed; do not
dyestuffs pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty containers may contain
Features: Stable in alkaline baths up to 3% caustic residue; do not store in aluminum
Use Level: 0.5-1.0% owg (general wetting and washing); 0.5-1.0% owg Callaway 1743 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
(cleaning garments) Chem. Descrip.: Polyacrylamide resin/starch ether blend
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 Uses: Film-former, binder, stabilizer for finishing of 100% cotton and polyes-
nonreportable ter/cotton fabrics
Properties: Water-wh. to straw-colored clear to sl. hazy liq.; sol. in water; Features: Does not significantly modify hand; replacement for starch and
sp.gr. 0.97-1.03 (80 F); dens. 8.08-8.58 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 150 cps (80 F); starch ethers; ease of handling; low potential buildup on equip.; little or no
b.p. 212 F; cloud pt. ≈ 140 F (1%); flash pt. (Seta CC) > 210 F; pH 7-9; affect on shade change or yellowing; nonflamm.
nonionic Use Level: 2-3% owb
Toxicology: Severe eye irritant; prolonged/repeated contact may cause skin Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
irritation, dermatitis; low toxicity by ing.; if aspirated, may cause bronchop- nonreportable
neumonia, pulmonary edema; inh. of high concs. irritating to respiratory Properties: Amber translucent liq.; sl. mild odor; completely sol. in water;
tract; TSCA listed sp.gr. 1.07-1.11; dens. 8.9-9.2 lb/gal; visc. 100-1300 cps; f.p. < 35 F; b.p.
Environmental: 100% biodeg. 212 F; pH 5.0-7.5; 24-26% solids; anionic
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents Toxicology: May cause eye irritation; repeated/prolonged contact may cause
Hazardous Ingreds.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol skin irritation, dermatitis; low toxicity by ing.; TSCA listed
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: CO, POx Environmental: Environmentally safe
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Storage: Store in warm, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing and direct HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
sunlight; keep container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld contain- Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep
ers; empty containers may contain residue; rotate inventory to avoid pro- container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty
longed storage containers may contain residue
Callaway 1668 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] Callaway 1781 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
Chem. Descrip.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol Chem. Descrip.: Surfactant/chelate system contg. phosphate ester salt, dieth-
Uses: Surfactant, wetting agent, scouring agent for garments, in enzyme and ylene glycol, IPA, triethanolamine
alkaline desize baths; suspending agent for indigo and sulfur dyestuffs UN No. 1993
Features: High cloud pt.; stable in alkaline baths to 3% caustic Uses: Wetting agent, detergent, chelating agent for textile processing; disper-
Use Level: 0.5-1.0% owg (general wetting and washing); 0.5-1.0% owg sant for dyes; antiredeposition agent in boil-offs and scouring
(cleaning garments) Features: Stable to caustic to 6% and at temps. near the boil
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 Use Level: 0.5-1.0% owb
nonreportable Regulatory: SARA §311/312 acute health/chronic health/fire hazard, §313
Properties: Water-wh. to straw-colored clear to sl. hazy liq.; mild odor; sol. in nonreportable; EPA RQ ingred. (diethanolamine)
water; sp.gr. 0.97-1.03 (80 F); dens. 8.08-8.58 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 150 cps Properties: Amber clear liq.; mild odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 0.95-1.05 (80 F);
(80 F); b.p. 212 F; cloud pt. ≈ 180 F (1%); flash pt. (Seta CC) > 300 F; dens. 8.6-8.8 lb/gal; vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; f.p. < 40 F; flash pt.
nonionic (PMCC) 117 C; pH 9-10; 24-26% act.; anionic
Toxicology: LD50 (oral, rat) > 3 g/kg, (skin, rabbit) > 2 g/kg; may cause eye Toxicology: Causes eye/skin irritation; may cause severe skin irritation on
irritation; repeated/prolonged contact may cause skin irritation; minimal tox- prolonged contact; may be harmful by inh., ing.; may cause GI irritation,
icity by ing.; inh. of high concs. irritating to respiratory tract; negligible inh. nausea, headaches, dizziness, anesthesia, liver/kidney/CNS/lung dam-
hazard @ ambient temps.; TSCA listed age; skin sensitizer; TSCA listed
Environmental: 100% biodeg. Precaution: Combustible liq. and vapor; incompat. with strong oxidizing
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents agents; electrostatic accumulation hazard
Hazardous Ingreds.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol Hazardous Ingreds.: Phosphate ester salt, diethylene glycol, IPA, triethano-
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None lamine (< 3%)
HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Storage: Store in warm, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 2; Reactivity 0
container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing, direct
containers may contain residue; rotate inventory to avoid prolonged storage sunlight; keep container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld contain-
Callaway 1737 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] ers; empty containers may contain residue

TRADE NAME REFERENCE • 77


Callaway 1811

Callaway 1811 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] Properties: Water-wh. to lt. straw-colored clear liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.02-
Chem. Descrip.: Quaternary ammonium compd., propylene glycol (< 5%), 1.15 (80 F); dens. 8.75-9.25 lb/gal (80 F); b.p. 212 F; flash pt. > 200 F; pH
acetic acid (< 3%) 9-10; 50-52% solids; anionic
Uses: Softener producing silky, drapey hand Toxicology: Causes eye/skin irritation; mod. toxic by ing.; may be harmful if
Use Level: 2-4% owg (diluted prod., batch exhaust); 3-5% owb (continuous) inhaled or swallowed; inh. of high concs. may cause eye/respiratory tract
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 irritation, headaches, dizziness, anesthesia; may cause liver/kidney/CNS
nonreportable; EPA RQ ingred.: acetic acid damage; TSCA listed
Properties: Clear to sl. hazy homogeneous liq.; very disp. in water @ 120 F Precaution: Incompat. with cationics, strong acids; spillages are slippery
with mixing, slowly disp. in water @ 80 F with mixing; sp.gr. 0.97-1.05 (80 Hazardous Ingreds.: Phosphate ester, diethylene glycol, ethoxylated alcohol
F); visc. < 1500 cP (80 F); flash pt. > 200 F; pH 3-5; cationic HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
Toxicology: Causes eye/skin irritation; may be harmful by inh., ing.; ing. may Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; keep container closed; do not
cause GI irritation and nausea; inh. may cause mucous membrane/respira- pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty containers may contain
tory tract irritation; may cause skin sensitization; persistent exposure may residue
cause edema, chronic bronchitis; TSCA listed Callaway 1839 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents; spills are slippery Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene emulsion blend
Hazardous Ingreds.: Propylene glycol (< 5%); acetic acid (< 3%) Uses: Sanforizing lubricant to improve tear str. and abrasion resist. while
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None providing wetting and rewetting in textile finishing, for applic. by pad or
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 exhaust
Storage: Store in well-ventilated area @ ambient temp. and pressure; keep Use Level: 2-3% owb (padding); 2-4% owf (exhaust)
container closed Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
Callaway 1820 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] nonreportable
Uses: Peroxide stabilizer, chelating agent for single-stage textile prep. opera- Properties: Milky lt. colored liq.; mild odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 0.96-1.02 (80
tions, alkaline peroxide desizing, batch bleaching processes F); dens. 8.0-8.5 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 1200 cps; f.p. < 35 F; flash pt.
Features: Multifunctional; nonsilicate; prevents silicate buildup on equip. and (PMCC) > 200 F; pH 10.5-12.5; 38-42% act.; nonionic
pipes; minimizes formation of calcium soaps; nonflamm. Toxicology: Causes eye irritation; prolonged/repeated contact may cause
Use Level: 0.25-1.0% owb (bleach or peroxide desize bath) skin irritation, dermatitis; if aspirated, may cause bronchiopneumonia, pul-
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 monary edema; inh. of high concs. may cause respiratory tract irritation;
nonreportable negligible inh. hazard @ ambient temps.; TSCA listed
Properties: Dk. colored clear liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.16-1.19 (80 F); dens. Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents; spillages are slippery
9.7-9.9 lb/gal (80 F); vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; f.p. 32 F; b.p. 212 F; 27- Hazardous Ingreds.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol
31% solids Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Toxicology: Causes eye/skin/digestive tract irritation; prolonged contact may HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
cause severe skin irritation/damage; ing. may cause gastric tract disorder/ Storage: Store @ 40-100 F in well-ventilated area; keep container closed; do
damage; mist causes respiratory tract irritation, possible lung damage; aspi- not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty containers may contain
ration hazard if swallowed; TSCA listed residue
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None Callaway 1868 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Chem. Descrip.: Amino-functional silicone fluid
Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area @ 40 F min.; keep container Uses: Softener for textile softener/lubricant formulations, providing slick, smooth
closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty containers hand with exc. drape and body, and producing treated cloth with exc. water
may contain residue absorp.
Callaway 1822 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] Features: Conc.; self-emulsifying; easily dil. into a stable microemulsion;
Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene aq. emulsion superior nonyellowing compared to other aminofunctional silicones; durable
CAS 9002-88-4; EINECS/ELINCS 200-815-3 finish on drying; hydrophilic
Uses: Sewing lubricant; top softener for cotton and cotton/polyester blends; Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
film-former aiding tear and abrasion when applied to most textile substrates; nonreportable
softener in resin systems to achieve a full-bodied soft hand Properties: Lt. yel. sl. hazy liq.; sl. odor; insol. in water; sp.gr. 1.01; flash pt.
Features: Nonflamm. (OC) 327 F; 98% min. act.
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 Toxicology: May cause eye irritation; prolonged/repeated contact may cause
nonreportable; EPA RQ ingred. (potassium hydroxide) skin irritation, dermatitis; no significant irritation on brief skin contact; low
Properties: Tan to brn. opaque liq.; disp. in water; sp.gr. 0.96-1.01 (80 F); toxicity by ing.; negligible inh. hazard @ ambient temps. unless misting
dens. 8.2-8.4 lb/gal; visc. < 1000 cps (80 F); vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; occurs; TSCA listed
f.p. < 35 F; b.p. 212 F; pH 9.5-11.5; 39-41% act.; nonionic Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Toxicology: Causes eye irritation; prolonged/repeated contact may cause HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0
skin irritation, dermatitis; if aspirated, may cause bronchiopneumonia, pul- Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; keep container closed; do not
monary edema; mists may be irritating to respiratory tract; negligible inh. pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty containers may contain
hazard @ ambient temps.; TSCA listed residue
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents Callaway 1885 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
Hazardous Ingreds.: Oxyalkylated alkyl alcohol Chem. Descrip.: Polyethylene/quaternary ammonium compd. blend
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None Uses: Softener, lubricant, antistat for cotton and cotton blend fabrics and
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 garments, giving very soft, drapey hand with good wick-up and exc. absor-
Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep bency, and rec. for all dye classes incl. sulfur dyed fabrics
container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty Features: Exc. accelerated heat aging and scorch resist. chars.
containers may contain residue Use Level: 0.25-0.35% owf (continuous processes); 1-2% owf (batch)
Callaway 1835 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
Chem. Descrip.: Phosphate ester blend with diethylene glycol and ethoxyl- nonreportable
ated alcohol Properties: Off-wh. liq.; mild odor; disp. in water; sp.gr. 0.99-1.05; dens. 8.3-
Uses: Wetting agent, detergent for textile prep.; dispersant for dyes; antirede- 8.7 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 600 cP (80 F); vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; f.p. <
position agent in boil-offs and scouring 35 F; b.p. 212 F; flash pt. (PMCC) > 200 F; pH 3.0-5.0; 39-41% act.;
Features: Stable to caustic to 6%; stable; free-rinsing cationic
Use Level: 0.25-0.50% owb Toxicology: May cause eye/skin irritation; mist may be harmful if inhaled; ing.
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute and chronic health may cause vomiting, GI irritation, nausea, diarrhea; TSCA listed
hazard, §313 nonreportable Hazardous Ingreds.: Carbamide, propylene glycol

78 • HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEMICALS


Callaway 4305-EC

Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None Environmental: LC50 (Ceriodaphnia dubia, 48 h) 4.3 mg/l
HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 Precaution: Incompat. with conc. alkali or strong oxidizing agents
Storage: Store in cool, well-ventilated area @ ambient temp. and pressure; Hazardous Ingreds.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin copolymer (50%)
keep container closed Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Callaway 1898 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
Uses: Surfactant, wetting agent, fat/oil/wax emulsifier for desize and scouring Storage: Store below 100 F for max. shelf life; store in cool, well-ventilated
operations incl. enzyme desizing, afterwashing, and bleaching area; keep container closed; protect from freezing; if freezing occurs, thaw
Features: Good wetting even in caustic sol’ns. (3%); compat. with cationics, and mix before use; rotate inventory to avoid prolonged storage
anionics, nonionics Callaway 4035 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
Use Level: 0.10-0.25% owb Chem. Descrip.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin/ethylene diamine copoly-
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313 mer aq. sol’n.
nonreportable CAS 42751-79-1
Properties: Lt. colored clear to sl. hazy liq.; mild citrus odor; sol. in water; Uses: Fixing agent for direct and fiber reactive dyes in textiles; textile antistat
sp.gr. 1.01 (80 F); dens. 8.15-8.65 lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 300 cps (80 F); f.p. with limited wash durability; dye modifier giving deeper shades with direct,
< 35 F; b.p. 212 F; flash pt. (PMCC) > 212 F; nonionic pigment, fiber reactive, and sulfur dyes on cotton and increasing dye uptake
Toxicology: Severe eye irritant; prolonged contact may cause skin irritation; of cotton dyes by polyester fiber; sometimes as flocculant with tendency to
may be harmful by skin absorp.; ing. may cause GI irritation, nausea, precipitate dispersed solids
diarrhea; if aspirated, may cause pulmonary edema; mist may be irritating to Features: Very polar; improves washfastness without reducing lightfastness;
respiratory tract; TSCA listed compat. with most nonionic and cationic textile auxs.; nonflamm.
Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents; spillages are slippery Use Level: 2-4% owb (dye fixer)
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 1; Reactivity 0 nonreportable
Storage: Store in warm, well-ventilated area; protect from freezing; keep Properties: Lt. yel. or amber clear liq.; sol. in water; dens. 9.2 ± 0.1 lb/gal;
container closed; do not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty visc. 250-500 cps; pH 4-6; 35 ± 1% act.; cationic
containers may contain residue; rotate inventory to avoid prolonged storage Toxicology: May cause eye irritation; prolonged/repeated contact may cause
Callaway 1905 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] skin irritation, dermatitis; low toxicity by skin absorp.; minimal toxicity by
Chem. Descrip.: Chelates and triethanolamine aq. sol’n. ing.; vapors formed @ elevated temps. may cause respiratory tract irrita-
Uses: Sequestrant to control water hardness and chelating agent for iron ions tion; possible skin sensitizer; TSCA listed
for use in bleach bath, dyeing, desizing, scouring, and afterwashing in Environmental: LC50 (Mysidopsis bahia, 48 h) 15 mg/l, (Pimephales
garment processing promelas, 96 h) 0.34 mg/l
Features: Nonflamm. Precaution: Incompat. with strong oxidizing agents and conc. alkali; spillages
Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute and chronic health are slippery
hazard, §313 nonreportable; DSL listed Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None
Properties: Pale yel. clear liq.; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.10 (80 F); dens. 9.0-9.4 HMIS: Health 1; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0
lb/gal (80 F); visc. < 20 cps (80 F); b.p. 212 F; pH 11-13; 29-31% act.; Storage: Store below 100 F for max. shelf life; store in cool, well-ventilated
anionic area; protect from freezing; keep container closed; do not pressurize, cut,
Toxicology: Severe eye irritant; skin irritant; may cause liver/kidney damage; heat, or weld containers; empty containers may contain residue
ing. may cause GI irritation, nausea, diarrhea; if aspirated, may cause Callaway 4050 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA]
bronchiopneumonia, pulmonary edema; inh. of high concs. irritating to respi- Chem. Descrip.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin/ethylene diamine copoly-
ratory tract; skin sensitizer; TSCA listed mer aq. sol’n.
Environmental: High pH of undiluted or unneutralized material is harmful to CAS 42751-79-1
aquatic life Uses: Fixing agent for direct and fiber reactive dyes in textiles; textile antistat
Precaution: Incompat. with oxidizing agents, acids; corrosive to most metals with limited wash durability; dye modifier giving deeper shades with direct,
incl. carbon steel, aluminum/aluminum alloys, copper/copper alloys; spill- pigment, fiber reactive, and sulfur dyes and increasing dye uptake of cotton
ages are slippery; do not add nitrites or nitrosating agents, as a nitrosamine dyes by polyester fiber; sometimes as flocculant with tendency to precipitate
(cancer hazard) may form dispersed solids
Hazardous Ingreds.: Chelates, triethanolamine Features: Very polar; improves washfastness without reducing lightfastness;
Hazardous Decomp. Prods.: None compat. with most nonionic and cationic textile auxs.; nonflamm.
HMIS: Health 2; Flammability 0; Reactivity 0 Use Level: 1-4% owb (dye fixer)
Storage: Store @ 40-95 F in well-ventilated area; keep container closed; do Regulatory: DOT nonregulated; SARA §311/312 acute health hazard, §313
not pressurize, cut, heat, or weld containers; empty container may contain nonreportable
residue Properties: Lt. amber clear liq.; mild odor; sol. in water; sp.gr. 1.14-1.16;
Callaway 4000 [Vulcan Perf. Chems./GA] dens. 9.5-9.7 lb/gal; visc. 4000-9000 cps; vapor pressure 24 mm Hg; f.p.
Chem. Descrip.: Dimethylamine/epichlorohydrin copolymer aq. sol’n. 20-32 F; b.p. 210-215 F; pH 5-6; 50 ± 1% act.; cationic
CAS 25988-97-0 Toxicology: May cause eye irritation; prolonged/repeated contact may cause
Uses: Fixing agent for direct, indigo, sulfur, and fiber reactive dyes for textile skin irritation, dermatitis; minimal toxicity by ing.; vapors formed at elevated
wet processing; nondurable antistat; dye modifier increasing dye uptake of temps. may cause respiratory tract irritation; possible skin sensitizer; TSCA
cotton dyes by syn. fiber; sometimes as flocculant with tendency to precipi- listed
tate dispersed solids Environmental: LC50 (Mysidopsis bahia, 48 h) 15 mg/l, (Pimephales
Features: Nonformaldehyde; reduces dye bleeding in wet bath; gives im- promelas, 96 h) 0.34 mg/l
provement in washfastness; should not adversely affect l