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Questions

Read the following text carefully.

1- Tick  the right alternative:

The text is about:


a- Child labour causes
b- Indian girls getting married at an early age
Long working hours is now history for fourteen-year-old Ruby. c- Education fighting child labour
Motivation and support has made this girl child labour from
O.Kovilpatti village, Virudhunagar district (India) reach high
school. The year 2007 was a turning point for Ruby. She received 2- Complete the table with information about Ruby.
help from World Vision. It’s a national Indian organization that
promotes total school enrolment, educating families and Age/ Year Event
communities on the importance of education, awareness camps for
children and strengthens day care and preschool for children below ………………… - Ruby’s father died and she stopped
six. At 9, Ruby lost her father and poverty forced her to stop school ………………….... going to school.
and start working at a local match factory, while her mother
struggled to make ends meet for Ruby and her brother.
 Until 2006 -……………………………………….......……....
………………………………………......……....
Two year ago, Ruby had to paste chemical paper in matchboxes 2007 -……………………………………………...........
and arrange matchsticks for long hours from morning to late
evening. “It was very tiring, after work, I would sleep and could not
…………………………………….....…....……
play or chat with my friends like other school going girls. My dream ………………… - Ruby is in High School.
of school was spoiled”, says Ruby. World Vision provided Ruby …………………....
with notebooks, uniforms and tuition fee and helped change the
world of this aspiring girl. “Now my dreams have started
sprouting” she smiles. At school, Ruby is seen as obedient, helpful 3- Correct the following false statements with details
and team player. Ruby’s mother admires Ruby’s future plan to
become a doctor and believes in her daughter’s education.
from the text:

Parents believed that sending the girl children to school is a waste a- World Vision is an international organization.
of time, and wanted the children to earn money. With the child’s …………………………………………………………………………………
earnings, they want to fulfil the commitment of marriage ………………......................................................................
expenses and dowry. Now in the community, girl’s education is a
....
priority. Education has started to positively change the life of the
child labour families in 30 villages, where Virudhunagar Child b- Parents, in Ruby’s village, encouraged their
Labour Prevention Program works. As a result of behaviour change daughters to go to school even before the
programs – carried out in the villages – people have started to send Virudhunagar Child Labour Prevention Program.
their children from work place to schools. …………………………………………………………………………………
………………......................................................................
Women were working in unorganized labour sectors. Now, they
have started to be organized into civil societies, taken up businesses
....
with World Vision’s financial assistance, save, lend & revolve c- Ruby has no clear future plans.
among the members with the savings and relieved from the …………………………………………………………………………………
burden of moneylender’s exploitation. They have started thinking
of “Education – The Basic Right of the Child”. Education is a clear 4- Answer the following questions using your own
barrier against child labour, so more children are pulled out of words the best you can.
work and are enrolled in school by Virudhunagar Child Labour
Prevention Project. In 30 villages in this region, World Vision a. In addition to going to school, what things was
creates better opportunities for child labourers to reintegrate in Ruby deprived of because of her work?
society and totally enjoy their rights.
…………………………………………………………………………………
Adapted, www.worldvision.org ……………........................................................................
.…..................................................................................
b. What made Ruby believe in her dreams again
after losing hope?
………………………………………………………………………...….
……………………................................................................
......
…...................................................................................
c. What did the behaviour changing programs result
in?
…………………………………….
………………………………………………………….........................
......................................
…...................................................................................
5- Find in the second paragraph a statement 7- What do the underlined words in the text refer to?
expressing ‘obligation in the past.
- They (prg 2) refers to
 .................................................................................................... ..................................................
..........................................................................................................
- Their (prg 3) refers to .................................................

6- What does the underlined expression in each 8- Apart from the work of some organizations, such as
of the following sentences mean? World Vision, do you think there are other effective
-Tick  the right option.
solutions to help reduce child labour? (State at least
-‘The year 2007 was a turning point for Ruby.’ one)
(paragraph 1)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
a.
b. ………………………………………………………………………………………………
c. ………………………………………………………………………………………………
………...........................................................................................
-‘her mother struggled to make ends meet for Ruby ...................................................................................................
and her brother.’ (paragraph 1)
...................................................................................................
a. to
b. to ...................................................................................................
c. to have enough money to pay for their basic ...................................................................................................
expenses ...................................................................................................