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Template Guideline

• Title.
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and
formulae where possible.

• Author names and affiliations.

Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are
accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English
transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the
names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name
and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the
country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

• Corresponding author.
Please clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also
post-publication, by underlining the name. This responsibility includes answering any future queries
about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address of all authors are given and that
contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

• Present/permanent address.
If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a
'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The
address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.
Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

• Abstract
Abstract should stand alone, means no citation in abstract. Consider it as the advertisement of your
article. Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid
using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use
words which reflect the precise meaning, Abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow word
limitations (100-300 words).

• Keywords
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding
general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with
abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be
used for indexing purposes.

• Introduction
Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective,
Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the
existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation
of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show
the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the
• Materials and Methods
Materials and methods should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient
detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a
reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established
methods. For the chemicals, please provide details of brand and purity (example: CaO (Merck, 99.5%)).

• Results and Discussion

Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than
providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the
previous publications by other researchers.
The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined
Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published
In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data.
Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin
with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following
components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or
objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for
each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other
investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?

• Conclusions
Conclusions should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the
present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to
judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or
just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible
applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are

• Acknowledgements
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do
not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those
individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or
proof reading the article, etc.). If authors refer to themselves as recipients of assistance or funding, they
should do so by their initials separated by points (e.g. I.J.SE.). Do not acknowledge Editors by name.
Formatting of funding sources List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to
funder's requirements: Funding: This work was supported by the Directorate General of Higher
Education of Republic of Indonesia [grant number zzzz]; Diponegoro University [grant numbers xxxx,

• References
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal
communications are not recommended in the reference list, however may be mentioned in the text. If
these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the
journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or
'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted
for publication. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title,
year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is
highly encouraged. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.
Reference style Text:
Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be
referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. Example: '..... as demonstrated [3,6].
Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....' List: Number the references (numbers in square
brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Reference to a journal publication:
[1] K. Kalyanasundaram, M. Grätzel, Applications of functionalized transition metal complexes in
photonic and optoelectronic devices, Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 177, 1, (1998) 347-414
[2] M. Grätzel, A. J. McEvoy, Principles and applications of dye sensitized nanocrystalline solar cells (DSC),
Asian Journal on Energy and Environment, 5, 3, (2004) 197-210
Reference to a book:
[3] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
[4] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z.
Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.
Reference to a website:
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any
further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should
also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different
heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. Example:
[5] National Renewable Energy Laboratory,,
(accessed 26 January 2017).

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure
itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but
explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Text graphics
Text graphics may be embedded in the text at the appropriate position. If you are working with LaTeX
and have such features embedded in the text, these can be left.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant
text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with
their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of
tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the
article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.