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VIBARTION ANALYSIS OF

BHS GEAR BOX


USING VT-60

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OBSERVATIONS NOTED:

Trends of Gearbox were noted using VT-60. Observation is mentioned below.

Measurement was taken at close position of accelerometer installed. The overall vibration
level was noted to be 2.82 mm/sec RMS against the alert alarm at 7.0 mm/sec. Please
note that, as the amplitude of RMS value is low it is therefore for exact calculation thru VT-
60 we have noted peak values also and which came to be 7.316 mm/sec peak.

The major component of this vibration was noted to be less than 05 KHz. Spectrum of both
velocity and acceleration vibration was taken at 0 – 05 and 0 – 10 KHz.

Following are the forcing frequencies calculated w.r.t. gear box operating speed and
specifications.

FORCING FREQUENCIES:

Forcing Frequencies BHS Gear Box SUL Compressor B


LSS Speed (RPM) 1436
LSS 1X Forcing Frequency (Hz) 23.93
LSS 2X Forcing Frequency (Hz) 47.87
LSS 3X Forcing Frequency (Hz) 71.80

HSS Speed (RPM) 13320


HSS IX Forcing Frequency (Hz) 222.01
HSS 2X Forcing Frequency (Hz) 444.01
HSS 3X Forcing Frequency (Hz) 666.02

1X Gear Mesh Frequency (Hz) 6438


0.5X Gear Mesh Frequency (Hz) 3219
2X Gear Mesh Frequency (Hz) 12876

Hunting tooth frequency (Hz) 0.83

CAPTURED SPECTRUM:

Gear box HSS NDE side acceleration spectrum and HSS DE side velocity spectrum are
attached below.

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Picture # 1: Gear box HSS NDE side acceleration spectrum

Picture # 2: Gear box HSS DE side velocity spectrum

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FINDINGS

The spectrum shows 04 major peaks as mentioned above. Since it is acceleration


spectrum therefore low frequency peaks are suppressed. Its velocity spectrum is attached
with this report as attachment # 01.

OBSERVATION FINDINGS

1X HSS and 2X HSS were accompanied This indicates possible rotating looseness
with other multiples of 1X HSS when in bearing and some misalignment factor.
viewed in log scale (this option is built in in But its magnitude is less than other peaks
VT-60). in spectrum therefore it is to be kept
under observation as it is not major
contributor in overall vibration of gearbox

Appearance of 1X GMF peak indicates This indicates possible problem with gear
problem with Gear teeth. teeth i.e. wear or load.

Further verification can be carried out thru A visual inspection through inspection
measuring 2X GMF and 3X GMF, window to ascertain exact condition of
however, which is not possible with VT-60 gear teeth can be made if problem
due to limitation in measuring frequency. aggravates.

The appearance of 0.5X GMF peak is 1. The side bands are larger in
unexpected for this type BHS gearbox. magnitude on left side as compared to
This is being said based on number of right side, therefore, it is a looseness
teeth on both shafts (i.e. Ls and Hs), associated problem. (Picture # 2
having no common factor. refers).

No. of teeth on HS Shaft = 29 2. With respect to the cause of


No. of teeth on LS Shaft = 269 appearance of 0.5X GMF, we
Mathematically the Common factor of 29 & understand that, 0.5 (GMF) gear mesh
269 is 01. frequency generates when alternate
teeth on a gear have developed
eccentricity from its centreline. This
type of eccentricity normally affects
few teeth in one or more places on a
gear during meshing.

To further conclude we may say that,


the form of this eccentricity is usually
a thick tooth, pitch-line runout or
unevenly spaced teeth.

3. It is therefore, a visual inspection


through inspection window to

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ascertain exact condition of gear teeth
can be made.

The appearance of side bands of IX HSS This indicate that the eccentricity and
is known as amplitude modulation i.e. the looseness associated problem is with HS
GMF is modulated by 1X HSS frequency. shaft the side bands around GMF are of
IX HSS

RECOMMENDATION:

From analysis carried out above, following is recommended:

a. Machine to run under observation since the overall vibration level is not very high &
below Alert limits.
b. We would like to obtain real time data at the occasion of high noise and increased
vibrations as well, to further study above findings. It is therefore, we request
Operations to inform Machinery when subject fault re-appears.

ATTACHMENT # 01:

Gear Box HSS NDE Side Velocity Spectrum

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