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# CHAPTER 2: Structural Steel Beams

## 2.3 Section Properties of Built-Up Steel Sections

Description

This document calculates the moment of inertia and section modulus for a steel section that has
at least one axis of symmetry built-up from plates or from a combination of plates and sections
with known section properties. Any number of plates or sections may be used.

Built-up sections are used when reinforcing existing members, as plate girders, and for
composite steel beams using bottom plates. The application may also be used to calculate
section properties for nonstandard T sections cut from I-shaped members. The properties of
fillets or continuous welds may also be included when required. The required input includes
the overall depth of the built-up section, plate dimensions (in the horizontal and vertical
directions) and the area and moment of inertia of any sections with known properties making
up the built-up section, and the dimensions from the centroids of plates or sections to the
bottom of the built-up section.

Input
Notation
Input Variables

Enter depth of the built-up section, moments of inertia and areas of individual sections,
horizontal and vertical dimensions of plates, and distances from the centroids of individual
plates and sections to the bottom of the built-up section. Moments of inertia, areas, or plate
dimensions referring to a given section or plate must have the same corresponding subscript
number.

## Depth of the built-up

d ≔ 17.81 ⋅
section:

Moments of inertia 4 4
I ≔ 704.5 ⋅ I ≔ 3.6 ⋅
of individual sections: 0 1

2 2
Areas of individual sections: A ≔ 13.24 ⋅ A ≔ 4.22 ⋅
0 1

Horizontal plate
h ≔9⋅
dimensions: 2

2

## Distances from the

bottom of the built-up y ≔ 9.03 ⋅ y ≔ 16.42 ⋅ y ≔ 0.125 ⋅
0 1 2
section to area centroid
of any sections or plates:

## Note Section must be symmetrical about the vertical axis.

Computed Variables

## As cross section area of built-up section

Is moment of inertia of the built-up section about the horizontal centroidal axis

St section modulus of the built-up section about the horizontal centroidal axis referred to
the top of the section

Sb section modulus of the built-up section about the horizontal centroidal axis referred to
the bottom of the section

yt dimension form the horizontal centroidal axis to the top of the built-up section

yb dimension form the horizontal centroidal axis to the bottom of the built-up section

Calculations

## Areas of all sections and plates:

i ≔ 0 ‥ last (y)

A ≔ ⎛h ＝ 0 ⋅ ,A ,h ⋅v ⎞
i ⎝ i i i i⎠

T 2
A = [ 13.24 4.22 2.25 ]
Moments of inertia of all sections and plates:

⎛ 1 3⎞
I ≔ ⎜h ＝ 0 ⋅ , I , ― ⋅ h ⋅ ⎛v ⎞ ⎟
i i ⎝ i⎠
⎝ i i 12

T 4
I = [ 704.5 3.6 0.012 ]

## Area of the built-up section:

2
As ≔ ∑ A As = 19.71

Dimension form the horizontal centroidal axis to the bottom of the built-up section:
A ⋅y
i i
yb ≔ ∑ ―― yb = 9.596
i As

Dimension form the horizontal centroidal axis to the top of the built-up section:

yt ≔ d − yb yt = 8.214

Moment of inertia of the built-up section about the horizontal centroidal axis:

⎛ 2⎞
Is ≔ ∑ I + ∑ A ⋅ ⎛y − yb⎞
⎜ i ⎝ i
i ⎝ ⎠ ⎟⎠

4
Is = 1110.691

Section modulus of the built-up section about the horizontal centroidal axis referred to the top
of the built-up section:

Is
St ≔ ―
yt
3
St = 135.214
Section modulus of the built-up section about the horizontal centroidal axis referred to the
bottom of the built-up section:

Is
Sb ≔ ―
yb

3
Sb = 115.749