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Student's Solutions Manual 5 to accompany Complex Variables and Applications Eighth Edition James Ward Brown University of Michigan — Dearborn Ruel V. Churchill Late Professor of Mathematics University of Michigan Prepared by James Ward Brown University of Michigan — Dearborn McGraw-Hill Higher Education Boston Burr Ridge, IL Dubuque, A New York San Francisco St. Louis. Bangkok Bogoté Caracas Kuala Lumpur Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Delhi Santiago Seoul Singapore Sydney Taipei Toronto Contents 1 Complex Numbers 1 2 Basic Algebraic Properties... 3 Further Properties 4 Vectors and Moduli 5 Complex Conjugates 8 Arguments of Products and Quotients. 10 Examples 11 Regions in the Complex Plane .. 2 Analytic Functions 22 12 Functions of a Complex Variable.. 18 Continuity. 20 Differentiation Formulas 23 Polar Coordinates 25 Examples. 26 Harmonic Functions 3 Elementary Functions 35 29 The Exponential Function... 31 Branches and Derivatives of Logarithms 32 Some Identities Involving Logarithms 33 Complex Exponents 34 Trigonometric Functions..... 35 Hyperbolic Functions iii Integrals 53 38 Definite Integrals of Functions w(?).... 39 Contours... 42 Examples with Branch Cuts 43 Upper Bounds for Moduli of Contour Integrals. 45 Proof of the Theorem... 49 Multiply Connected Domains .. 52 Some Consequences of the Extension. Series 75 56 Convergence of Series 59 Examples. 62 Examples. 66 Uniqueness of Series Representations, 67 Multiplication and Division of Power Series. Residues and Poles 94 71 Residue at Infinity.... 72 The Three Types of Isolated Singular Points: 74 Examples. 76 Zeros and Poles Applications of Residues 118 79 Example... 81 Jordan's Lemma...