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1.

Sebutk
No Nama Ilmiah Nama Lokal
1 Coriandrum sativum Ketumbar

2 Daucus carota Wortel

3 Apium graveolens Seledri

4 Anethum graveolens Adas manis

5 Centella asiatica Pegagan

6 Cuminum cyminum Jinten putih

7 Foeniculum vulgare Adas

Petroselinum vulgare/
8 Parsley
Petroselinum crispum

9 Pimpinella alpina Purwoceng


10 Bupleurum falcatum Thorowaks

11 Carum carvi Jintan Hitam

12 Angelica sinensis Danggui (China)

13 Ammi visnaga Khella (Mesir)

14 Lomatium dissectum Fernleaf biscuitroot (Amerika Utara)

15 Lomatium californicum oshá/oshála (Indian)


16 Lomatium suksdorfii Suksdorf's desertparsley
17 Conium maculatum Poison hemlock

18 Cnidin monnieri She Chuang Zi

19 Prangos ferulacea
20 Heracleum persicum
21 Chaerophyllum macropodum

22 Ferula hermonis Zallouh

23 Arracacia xanthorrhiza Peruvian carrot


24 Ferulago angulata Chavil
25 Chaerophyllum macropodum
26 Froriepia subpinnata
27 Physospermum cornubiense
28 Smyrnium cordifolium
29 Dorema aucheri
30 Bunium persicum

2. Sebutkan jenis tumbuhan obat (minimal 50 jenis) yang digunakan dan


berasal dari wilayah Mexico

No. Suku Nama ilmiah


Agastache mexicana subsp. xolocotziana Bye, E.L.
1 Lamiaceae
Linares and Ramamoorthy

2 Lamiaceae Agastache mexicana subsp. mexicana

3 Asteraceae Montanoa tomentosa Cerv

4 Verbenaceae Lippia graveolens Kunth


5 Fabaceae Erythrina americana Mill
6 Fabaceae Erythrina coralloides DC
7 Fabaceae Erythrina lepthoriza A. DC
8 Fabaceae Erythrina mexicana Krukoff
9 Fabaceae Erythrina oaxacana Krukoff
10 Fabaceae Erythrina sousae Krukoff

11 Rubiaceae Hintonia latiflora (Sessé and Moc. ex DC.) Bullock

12 Lamiaceae Salvia hispanica L.

13 Burceraceae Bursera fagaroides var. fagaroides

14 Euphorbiaceae Jatropha neopauciflora Pax

15 Meliaceae Guarea guidonia


16 Euphorbiaceae Jatropha curcas

17 Lamiaceae Clinopodium macrostemum

18 Melastomataceae Miconia hyperprasina

19 Annonaceae Cymbopetalum penduliflorum

Eysenhardtia platycarpa Pennell


20 Fabaceae
and Saff.

21 Rubiaceae Randia echinocarpa

22 Sapotaceae Sideroxylon palmeri


23 Fabaceae Eysenhardtia polystachya

24 Asteraceae Tagetes lucida

25 Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita ficifolia Bouché

26 Cucurbitaceae Ibervillea sonorae

27 Acanthaceae Justicia spicigera

28 Clusiaceae Jatropha dioica Sessé

29 Passifloraceae Turnera diffusa

No. Suku Nama ilmiah


30 Zygophyllaceae Larrea tridentata

31 Taxaceae Taxus globosa

32 Camptotheca Camptotheca acuminata

33 Cactaceae Pachycereus pringlei

34 Gentianaceae Gentiana bicuspidata

35 Annonaceae Mosannona depressa

36 Euphorbiaceae Croton humilis

37 Poaceae Panicum trichanthum

38 Bixa orellana Bixa orellana

39 Taxodiaceae Taxodium Taxodium mucronatum


40 Malvaceae Chiranthodendron pentadactylon
41 Magnoliaceae Talauma mexicana
42 Malpighiaceae Galphimia glauca
43 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea stans
44 Juglandaceae Juglans regia
45 Betulaceae Alnus arguta

46 Platanaceae Platanus lindeliana

47 Fabaceae Indigofera suffruticosa

48 Asteraceae Heterotheca inuloides

49 Convolvulaceae Cuscuta spp.

50 Zygophyllaceae Kallstroema grandiflora

3. Sebutkan jenis tumbuhan (minimal 20 jenis) yang telah dibuktikan Sebutkan jenis tumbuhan (minimal 20 jenis) yang telah dibuktikan melalui penelitian
No. Nama ilmiah Nama lokal

1 Ficus exasperata Sandpaper tree

2 Swertia chirayita Felworts


3 Artemisia capillaris Wormwood

4 Allium stipitatum Persian Shallot


5 Apium graveolens Seledri
6 Cynara scolymus Artichoke
7 Berberis vulgaris Barberi
8 Calendula officinalis Marigold
9 Nigella sativa Jintan Hitam
10 Taraxacum officinale Dandelion
11 Tragopogon porrifolius Oyster
12 Prangos ferulacea Ribbed Cachrys
13 Allium sativum Bawang putih
14 Antirrhinum majus Bunga mulut singa
15 Marrubium vulgare Pahari gandana
16 Ammi majus Bishop's weed
17 Citrullus lanatus Semangka
18 Agrimonia eupatoria Agrimoni
19 Prunus armeniaca Apricot
20 Nerium oleander Bunga jepun
TUGAS TUMBUHAN OBAT

Oleh :
Nama : Wahyu Wulan W
NPM : 173112620120093

FAKULTAS BIOLOGI
UNIVERSITAS NASIONAL
JAKARTA
2018

1. Sebutkan jenis tumbuhan obat suku Apiaceae (minimal 30 jenis) yangdigunakan di dunia, bagian tumbuhan yang digunakan da
Bagian yg digunakan Manfaat
Biji Anti diabetik

Umbi Anti oksidan

Daun Aktivitas hipokolesterolemik

Biji Antisekretoris dan stomach mucous protective,

Daun Hepatoprotektif

Biji Aktivitas antimikroba

Biji Aktivitas antimikroba

Daun Nutraceuticals

Akar Afrodisiak
Akar

Biji Karminatif

Akar Anti Atherosklerosis

Buah Urolithiasis

Akar Anti virus

Akar Anti kanker


Akar Anti virus
Seluruh bagian tanaman Homeopathic Agent

Buah Kardioprotektif

Buah Antioxidant
Antioxidant
Antioxidant

Daun Anti kanker

Umbi
Daun Antihierlipidemia
Daun Antioxidant
Daun Antibakteri
Daun Antibakteri
Daun Antibakteri
Daun Antibakteri
Daun Antibakteri

Tumbuhan Obat yang digunakan dan berasal dari Mexico


Nama lokal Bagian yang digunakan

Toronjil Blanco Seluruh bagian tanaman

Toronjil Morado Seluruh bagian tanaman

Hierba De La Perida Daun

Mexican Oregano Daun


Bunga dan biji

Daun

Mexican Chia Biji

Getah

Seluruh bagian tanaman

Muskwood Seluruh bagian tanaman


Physic Nut Seluruh bagian tanaman

Te del Monte Daun

Daun

Mexican Earflower Bunga

Seluruh bagian tanaman

Buah

Daun
Mexican Kidneywood Kulit batang

Mexican Tarragon, Sweetscented marigold Seluruh bagian tanaman

Chilacayote Buah

Wereke Akar

Muicle/Muite Daun

Dragon’s blood Batang

Oreganillo Bunga
Tumbuhan Obat yang digunakan dan berasal dari Mexico
Nama lokal Bagian yang digunakan
Creosote Seluruh bagian tanaman

Mexican Yew Daun

Daun

Cardon Gigante Batang

Akar

Akar

Pepper Rod Akar

Akar

Kesumba keling Daun

de manita Bunga
Mexican magnolia Bunga
Galphimia/thryallis Daun dan Bunga
Morning glory Akar
Persian walnut Daun
Alnus pringlei Fernald Kulit batang

Alamo Daun bagian bawah

Añíl Daun

Árnica del país Seluruh bagian tanaman

Azafrán Batang

Baiborín Daun

nis) yang telah dibuktikan melalui penelitian memiliki aktivitas biologis/farmakologis sebagai hepatoprotektif
Bagian yang digunakan Sumber pustaka**
Adeyi, et al.: Effects of Ficus exasperata on hepatopathy. Journal of
Daun Investigational Biochemistry. University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
2017

Karak, S., Nag, G., & De, B. (2017). Metabolic profile and β-glucuronidase
Daun inhibitory property of three species of Swertia. Revista Brasileira de
Farmacognosia, 27(1), 105–111. doi:10.1016/j.bjp.2016.07.007
Jang, E., Kim, B.-J., Lee, K.-T., Inn, K.-S., & Lee, J.-H. (2015). A Survey of
Therapeutic Effects ofArtemisia capillarisin Liver Diseases. Evidence-Based
Seluruh bagian tanaman
Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015, 1–10.
doi:10.1155/2015/728137
Bunga
Daun
Daun
Buah dan daun
Bunga
Biji
Akar
Akar Asadi-Samani, M., Kafash-Farkhad, N., Azimi, N., Fasihi, A., Alinia-
Ahandani, E., & Rafieian-Kopaei, M. (2015). Medicinal plants with
Buah
hepatoprotective activity in Iranian folk medicine. Asian Pacific Journal of
Umbi Tropical Biomedicine, 5(2), 146–157. doi:10.1016/s2221-1691(15)30159-3
Biji
Seluruh bagian tanaman
Biji
Buah
Bunga
Buah
Bunga
agian tumbuhan yang digunakan dan manfaatnya.
Sumber Pustaka
Mahendra P, Bisht S. Anti-anxiety activity of Coriandrum sativum assessed
using different experimental anxiety models. Indian J Pharmacol
2011;43:574-7

S, Satish. (2017). Therapeutic Uses of Daucus carota: A Review.


International Journal of Pharma And Chemical Research. 3. 138-143.

Al-Asmari AK, Athar MT, Kadasah SG. An Updated Phytopharmacological


Review on Medicinal Plant of Arab Region: Apium graveolens Linn.
Pharmacogn Rev. 2017;11(21):13-18.
Jana, Sonali & Shekhawat, Gyan singh. (2010). Anethum graveolens: An
Indian traditional medicinal herb and spice. Pharmacognosy reviews. 4. 179-
84. 10.4103/0973-7847.70915.
Duggina P, Kalla CM, Varikasuvu SR, Bukke S, Tartte V. Protective
effect of centella triterpene saponins against cyclophosphamide-
induced immune and hepatic system dysfunction in rats: Its possible
mechanisms of action. J Physiol Biochem 2015;71(3):435-4.
Johri, R.K. Cuminum cyminum and Carum carvi: An update. Pharmacogn
Rev. 2011;5(9):63-72.

Mohsenzadeh, 2007. Evaluation of antibacterial activity of selected Iranian


essential oils against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in nutrient
broth medium. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10 (2007), pp. 3693-3697

Huijuan, J., Awa, W., Hanated, M., Takahashid, S., Saitoa, K., Tanakab, H.,
Tomitac, M., &Kato, H. (2014). Multi-faceted integrated omics
analysis revealed parsley(Petroselinum crispum) as a novel dietary
intervention in dextran sodium sulphateinduced colitic mice Journal of
Functional Foods, 11, 438–448.

Kanedi, Mohammad & Sutyarso, Sutyarso & Busman, Hendri &


Nurcahyani, Nuning & Nurkhasanah, Wiwit. (2017). Root Extract of
Purwoceng (Pimpinella pruatjan) Enhances Aggressiveness, but Not Libido,
in Male Mice. Annual Research & Review in Biology. 20. 1-6.
10.9734/ARRB/2017/36975.
Keshavarz A, Minaiyan M, Ghannadi A, Mahzouni P. Effects of Carum carvi
L. (Caraway) extract and essential oil on TNBS-induced colitis in rats. Res
Pharm Sci. 2013;8(1):1-8.
Wu YC, Hsieh CL. Pharmacological effects of Radix Angelica Sinensis
(Danggui) on cerebral infarction. Chin Med. 2011;6:32. Published 2011 Aug
25. doi:10.1186/1749-8546-6-32
Vanachayangkul P, Byer K, Khan S, Butterweck V. An aqueous extract of
Ammi visnaga fruits and its constituents khellin and visnagin prevent cell
damage caused by oxalate in renal epithelial cells. Phytomedicine.
2009;17(8-9):653-8.
Samani, Z.N et al. 2018. Effective Medicinal Plants in Treating Hepatitis B.
International Journal of Pharmaceuticals and Science Research.
Johnson Margaret. The Tffect of Lomatium californicum on Mouse
Embryonic Cell Line NIH 3T3. Mcnairs Scholars Journal. Vol 16

Stansburry, Jilian. The Apiaceae Family: Medicinal Plants Research


Summary. Medical Clicic APothecary Natural Goods. 2016

Stansburry, Jilian. The Apiaceae Family: Medicinal Plants Research


Summary. Medical Clicic APothecary Natural Goods. 2016
Çoruh N, Sağdıçoğlu Celep AG, Özgökçe F (2007) Antioxidant
Properties of Prangos ferulaceaL.,Chaerophyllum macropodum Boiss. and
Heracleum persicum Desf. from Apiaceae familyused as food in Eastern
Anatolia and their inhibitory effects onglutathione-S-transferase. Food Chem
100: 1237–1242
Kuete, Victor & Teponno, Rémy & Mbaveng, Armelle & Tapondjou,
Azefack & Meyer, Jacobus & Barboni, Luciano & Lall, Namrita. (2012).
Antibacterial activities of the extracts, fractions and compounds from
Dioscorea bulbifera. BMC complementary and alternative medicine. 12. 228.
10.1186/1472-6882-12-228.

Amiri MS, Joharchi MR. Ethnobotanical knowledge of Apiaceae family in


Iran: A review. Avicenna J Phytomed. 2016;6(6):621-635.
Amiri MS, Joharchi MR. Ethnobotanical knowledge of Apiaceae family in
Iran: A review. Avicenna J Phytomed. 2016;6(6):621-635.

dari Mexico
Manfaat
Infus tanaman, baik segar atau kering, dihargai dalam mengobati berbagai
penyakit gastrointestinal, saraf, dan kardiovaskular [1058]

Tanaman ini digunakan dalam obat tradisional sebagai obat penenang, obat
tidur, anti-hipertensi, pengobatan anti rematik, dan sebagai pengobatan untuk
sakit perut.

Uterotonic, antibacterial, and antifungal

Acaricidal, antibacterial
Sedative, antifungal

Malaria, gastroprotector

Antioxidant activity

Citotoxy activity, antitumoral

Antimicrobial and insecticide, antibacterial activities, Cytotoxic

Rebusan dari seluruh tanaman yang dihancurkan, diminum sebagai


pengobatan untuk angina, asma dan dyspnoea.
Antibakteri terhadap Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella
pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus dan Streptococcus pyogens.

Anti-α-glucosidase, Anti-lipase, Anti-acetylcholinesterase, Antimicrobial

Antimicrobial

Anti-anxiety, aromatherapy

Antihyperglycemic

Antimalaria

Pain relief
antitussive, antispasmodic, antidiabetic, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, anti-
rheumatic, and analgesic agent

Anaesthetic; Digestive; Diuretic; Febrifuge; Hallucinogenic;


Hypotensive; Narcotic; Sedative.

antidiabetic

antidiabetic

antidiabetic

Mencegah rambut rontok

Afrodisiac
dari Mexico
Manfaat
Antivirus

Antikanker

Antikanker

Obat luka

Pencahar

Meringankan sakit akibat goonorrhoe

Obat kulit

diuretik

Antibacterial

Vasoactive
Anti inflamatori

Demam

Antimicrobial, Antifungal

rheumatism

Pencahar

antifeedant

Keterangan
Keterangan
Percobaan dilakukan pada tikus dengan diet kolesterol tinggi dimana
aktivitas enzim glikogen fosfilase dan glukoneogenik menunjukkan
peningkatan laju glikogenolisis dan glukogenesis.
Kandungan karotenoid, polifenol dan vitamin pada wortel dapat menetralisir
efek radikal bebas, serta telah terbukti memiliki aktivitas penghambatan
mutagenesis.
Ekstrak hidroalkohol seledri (A. graveolens) dicobakan pada tikus yang
diberi diet tinggi lemak. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa seledri secara
signifikan menurunkan kolesterol, trigliserida, dan LDL.
Ekstrak biji memiliki aktivitas pelindung mukosa, antisecretory dan anti-
ulkus yang signifikan terhadap lesi lambung HCl dan etanol yang diinduksi
pada tikus.

Pada hepatotoksisitas cyclophosphamide (CYP) pada tikus, Centella asiatica


triterpene saponin mengatur fungsi hati dengan mengembalikan produksi
sitokin.

Minyak biji jinten dan ekstraknya menghambat pertumbuhan Klebsiella


pneumoniae.
Minyak esensial yang diekstrak dari buah F. vulgare menunjukkan efek
antibakteri terhadap patogen bawaan makanan seperti Escherichia coli,
Bacillus megaterium dan Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli 0157: H7, Listeria
monocytogenes dan S. aureus.

P. crispum telah digunakan sebagai intervensi nutraceutical pada penyakit


radang usus (IBD) melalui evaluasi multiomik menggunakan kolon dextran
sodium sulphate (DSS).

Ekstrak akar etanolik purwoceng, Pimpinella pruatjan Molk., Memiliki


potensi untuk meningkatkan agresivitas, tetapi tidak libido, pada mencit
jantan.
Mengandung 3-7 persen minyak atsiri yang terdiri dari karvon, limonene,
dihidrokarvon, karveol, dihidrokarveol, asetaldehida, dan furol yang bersifat
karminatif.
Danggui dan natrium ferit menghambat terjadinya aterosklerosis dengan
mengurangi kadar TG dan meningkatkan peroksidasi lipid atau
meningkatkan produksi NO, atau keduanya.

Khellin dan visnagin, senyawa aktif pada Ammi visnaga diketahui mampu
meluruhkan batu ginjal dan menormalisasi hipertriglisemia.

Menghambat aktivitas rotavirus.

L. Californicumroots menunjukkan sitotoksisitas terhadap sel kanker


payudara dan sel-sel darah manusia perifer normal

Ekstrak Conium menstimulasi vestibular, ocular, dan acousticocortical


system yang menormalkan aktivitas vertigo pada dewasa.

Melalui jalur Nitric oxida, Cnidium memiliki kemampuan untuk mendilatasi


pembuluh darah, yang sangat baik untuk mengatasi gangguan cardiovaskular.

Ekstrak mentah menghambat proliferasi CCRF-CEM serta sel CEM /


ADR5000 sementara fraksi dari F. hermonis dan jaeschkeanadiol p-
hydroxybenzoate (3) juga dikenal sebagai ferutinin, diisolasi dari fraksi
aktifnya yang diinduksi lebih dari 50% inhibisi terhadap MiaPaCa. -2 sel, sel
MCF-7, sel CCRF-CEM, dan sel CEM / ADR5000 (Kuete et al., 2012).
Sumber pustaka** Keterangan
Moldenke, H.N & A.L. 1897. A Botanical Journal Devoted to the Valid
Publication of New Taxa.

Zaida N. Juárez; Luis R. Hernández et al. Antifungal activity of essential


oils extracted from Agastache mexicana ssp. Xolocotziana and Porophyllum
linaria ag. 2015. Industrial Crops and Products 74 (2015) 178-182

Villa-Ruano N, Betancourt-Jiménez M G, Lozoya-Gloria E. Biosynthesis of


uterotonic diterpenes from Montanoa tomentosa (Zoapatle). Journal of Plant
Physiology. 2009;166(18):1961–1967. DOI:
http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2009.06.004

Hernández T, Canales M, Avila J G, Duran A, Caballero J, De Vivar A R,


Lira R. Ethnobotany and antibacterial activity of some plants used in
traditional medicine of Zapotitlán de las Salinas, Puebla (México). Journal of
Ethnopharmacology. 2003;88:181– 188. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-
8741(03)00213-7
García-mateos R, Soto-Hernández M, Kelly D. Alkaloids from six Erythrina
species
endemic to Mexico. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 1998;26:545–
551.

Beltrán-Rodriguez L, Romero-Manzanares A, Luna-Cavazos M, Vibrans, H,


ManzoRamos
F, Cuevas-Sanchez J, García-Moya E. Natural History and harvest of the
bark
of yellow quina Hintonia latiflora (Rubiaceae). Botanical Sciences.
2015;93(2):1–12. DOI:
http://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.231

Porras-Loaiza P, Jiménez-Munguía M T, Sosa-Morales M E, Palou E, López-


Malo A. Physical properties, chemical characterization and fatty acid
composition of Mexican chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds. International
Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2014;49(2):571–577. DOI:
http://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.12339

Rojas-Sepúlveda A M, Mendieta-Serrano M, Mojica M Y A, Salas-Vidal E,


Marquina S, Villarreal M L, Alvarez L. Cytotoxic podophyllotoxin type-
lignans from the steam bark of Bursera fagaroides var. fagaroides.
Molecules. 2012;17(8):9506–9519. DOI: http://doi.
org/10.3390/molecules17089506

Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants Publication


Author Website http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?
p=185:3:4292127278597336 Publisher Year 0 ISBN Description Terse
details of a huge range of useful plants.
Garcia A, Delgado G. Uncommon sesquiterpenoids and new triterpenoids
from Jatropha neopauciflora (Euphorbiaceae). Helvetica Chimica Acta.
2006;89(1):16–29. DOI: http://doi. org/10.1002/hlca.200690009
World Agroforesty Centre Publication Author Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/ Publisher Year 0 ISBN Description An
excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good
information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

Villa-Ruano, Nemesio & Pacheco-Hernández, Yesenia & Cruz, Ramiro &


Lozoya-Gloria, Edmundo. (2015). Volatiles and seasonal variation of the
essential oil composition from the leaves of Clinopodium macrostemum var.
laevigatum and its biological activities. Industrial Crops and Products. 77.
741-747. 10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.09.050.

Flora of Guatemala Publication Author Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark


Website http://www.archive.org/ Publisher Year 1946 - 1976 ISBN
Description A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant
uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13
volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants Publication


Author Website http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?
p=185:3:4292127278597336 Publisher Year 0 ISBN Description Terse
details of a huge range of useful plants.
Narváez-Mastache J M, Garduño-Ramírez M L, Alvarez L, Delgado G.
Antihyperglycemic activity and chemical constituents of Eysenhardtia
platycarpa. Journal of Natural Products. 2006;69(12):1687–1691. DOI:
http://doi.org/10.1021/np060166z
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico Publication Contributions from the United
States National Herbarium Vol 23 Author Standley P.C. Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington Year 1926 ISBN
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico Publication Contributions from the United
States National Herbarium Vol 23 Author Standley P.C. Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington Year 1926 ISBN
The Ethanolic Extract of Eysenhardtia polystachya (Ort.) Sarg. Bark and Its
Fractions Delay the Progression of Rheum Publication Iranian Journal of
Pharmaceutical Research (2018), 17 (1): 236-248 Author Saudy Saret Pablo-
Pérez et al Publisher Year 2018
Jorge A. Cytotoxic activity in Tagetes lucida Cav. Instituto de Investigaciones
Quimico Biologicas, University Michoacana of San Nicolas de Hidalgo,Ed.
B-3, Cuidad Universitaria, Francisco J. Mujica, Morelia, Michoacan, C. P.
58060, Mexico. 2011

F.JAlarcon-Aguilar. Evaluation of the hypoglycemic effect of Cucurbita


ficifolia Bouché (Cucurbitaceae) in different experimental models. División
de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana,
Unidad Iztapalapa, Apdo. P. 55-535, 09340 Mexico, D.F., Mexico. 2002

Zapata-Bustos, R., Alonso-Castro, Á. J., Gómez-Sánchez, M., & Salazar-


Olivo, L. A. (2014). Ibervillea sonorae (Cucurbitaceae) induces the glucose
uptake in human adipocytes by activating a PI3K-independent pathway.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 152(3), 546–552.
doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.01.041

Ortiz-Andrade, R., Cabañas-Wuan, A., Arana-Argáez, V. E., Alonso-Castro,


A. J., Zapata-Bustos, R., Salazar-Olivo, L. A., … García-Carrancá, A.
(2012). Antidiabetic effects of Justicia spicigera Schltdl (Acanthaceae).
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 143(2), 455–462.
doi:10.1016/j.jep.2012.06.043

Martinez-Herrera J, Siddhuraju P, Francis G, Davila-Ortiz G, Becker K.


Chemical composition, toxic/anti-metabolic constituents, and effect of
different treatments on their levels, in four provenances of Jatropha curcas L.
from Mexico. Food Chemistry. 2006; 96, 80–89.
Zhao J, Pawar R, Ali Z, Khan I. Phytochemical investigation of Turnera
diffusa. Journal of Natural Products. 2007; 70, 289–292.

Sumber pustaka** Keterangan


Craigo J, Callahan M, Huang C, DeLucia A. Inhibition of human
papillomavirus type 16 gene expression by nordihydroguaiaretic acid plant
lignan derivatives. Antiviral Research. 2000; 47, 19–28.
Javier López-Upton, Xavier Garcia-Martí. Taxus globosa Schltdl.
(Taxaceae). Distribution and Diagnosis of an Endangered Yew. Earth
Sciences. Special Issue: Conservation of Taxus Baccata Linn (Yew). Vol. 4,
No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 80-88. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040301.13
Jian Zhan. 2007. Extraction and composition of three naturally occurring
anti-cancer alkaloids in Camptotheca acuminata seed and leaf extracts.
Phytomedicine
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico Publication Contributions from the United
States National Herbarium Vol 23 Author Standley P.C. Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington Year 1926
Dictionary of Economic Plants. Publication Author Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher Weinheim Year 1959 ISBN
Flora of Yucatan Publication Author Standley P.C. Website
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