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Sudha Goel, Ph.D. (Env. Eng.

Civil Eng. Dept., IITKgp
Kharagpur 721 302

Course objectives
Course objective is to ensure that the student can evaluate different
water resource options for their sustainability, quantity and quality, and
design water and wastewater treatment plants

Learning objectives
1. Identify and evaluate water resources for their quantity, quality and
2. Identify and evaluate pollutants that need to be removed from water or
3. Identify, evaluate and design appropriate collection systems for water
supply schemes,
4. Determine the kinds of treatment processes that will be required for
treating different types of source waters and design them,
5. Design water distribution networks, and
6. Evaluate the extent and kind of treatment required for wastewater
depending on where it is to be discharged, and design appropriate
treatment units.
 Class test, assignments and attendance = 20%
 Mid-semester exam = 30%
 Final exam = 50%

 Assignments may be computer-based so that you

know how to use Excel, or other graphing software,
 Water treatment – upto mid-sem exam (SG)
 Wastewater treatment – after mid-sem exam (MMG)

Course outline (before mid-sem)
No. Topic Reference
1 Introduction
2 Sources of water: surface water & ground water Garg, 2001
3 Water supply Garg, 2001
4 Collection and transport of water: intake Duggal, 2007
structures and wells
5 Pumps and pumping (self-study) Hammer and Hammer,
6 Water quality (to be covered in EV20001) Masters and Ela, 2012
7 Conventional water treatment
8 Screening, Aeration QMZ, PRT
9 Sedimentation QMZ, PRT
10 Coagulation, flocculation and settling QMZ, PRT
11 Filtration: slow sand and rapid sand (membrane, QMZ, PRT
if time permits)
12 Water softening: lime-soda and ion exchange QMZ, PRT
13 Disinfection QMZ, PRT 4
List of textbooks
 Garg, SK (2001). Water Supply Engineering. Delhi: Khanna Publishers.
 Duggal, K (2007). Elements of Environmental Engineering. New Delhi: S.
Chand. [KND]
 M&E (2003). Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, disposal and reuse. New
Delhi: Tata-McGraw Hill. [M&E]
 CPHEEO. (1999). Manual on water supply and treatment. Ministry of Urban
Development, New Delhi [CPHEEO]
 Qasim, S., Motley, E., & Zhu, G. (2000). Water works engineering:
planning, design and operation. Prentice Hall. [QMZ]
 Peavy, H., Rowe, D., & Tchobanoglous, G. (1985). Environmental Engineering.
NY, US: McGraw Hill International Ed. [PRT]
 Hammer, M., & Hammer, M. J. (2008). Water and wastewater technology.
New Delhi: Prentice Hall India. [H&H]
 Masters, G and Ela, WP (2012). Introduction to Environmental Engineering
and Science. Prentice Hall, NJ, US. [GME]
Water use and reuse
Well or
surface Water treatment Distribution
water plant network

Reuse for Wastewater Sewer system
irrigation treatment plant

Discharge to
land, surface
water or sea
Supplementary reading material
 Karia, G., & Christian, R. (2006). Wastewater treatment:
concepts and design approach. New Delhi: Prentice Hall
 Mihelcic, J., & Zimmerman, J. (2010). Environmental
Engineering: Fundamentals, sustainability and design. J.
Wiley and sons, USA.
 Sawyer, C., McCarty, P., & Parkin, G. (2000). Chemistry for
Environmental Engineering and Science. New Delhi: Tata
McGraw Hill.
 Sincero, A., & Sincero, G. (1996). Environmental
Engineering: A Design Approach. Prentice Hall, NJ, US.
 Tortora, G., Funke, B., & Case, C. (2004). Microbiology: An
Introduction. Pearson Education (Singapore), Inc.