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APA Style – Journal Article without DOI (Library database)

Citation Elements in Order:

Author: Linda D. Labbo, Karen Place, Lina Soares Volume & issue number: 17(3)
Publication date: 2010 Page numbers: 9-18

Article title: Fresh perspectives on new literacies Digital object identifier (DOI):
and technology integration DOI is not available, use the URL of
the journal’s homepage
Journal title: Voices From the Middle

Document Example:

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APA Style – Journal Article without DOI (Library database)

Proper Bibliographic Reference Format:

• Bibliographic references are double-spaced and indented half an inch after the first line.
• It is no longer necessary to include the date of retrieval unless the source material may change
over time (e.g., Wikis).
• If no DOI is available, give the URL of the journal’s homepage.

Labbo, L. D., Place, K., & Soares, L. (2010). Fresh perspectives on new literacies and technology

integration. Voices From the Middle, 17(3), 9-18. Retrieved from http://www. ncte.org

/journals/vm/

In-Text Citations:

• Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the authors’ last names and date of
publication.

For the first citation in text (for works of three to five authors).

(Labbo, Place, & Soares, 2010)

Subsequent citations in text (for works of three to five authors).

(Labbo et al., 2010)

• Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.

For the first citation in text (for works of three to five authors).

Labbo, Place, and Soares (2010) present practical ideas to integrate technology into the classroom.

Subsequent citations in text (for works of three to five authors).

Labbo et al. (2010) present practical ideas to integrate technology into the classroom.

When a work has six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (not
italicized and with a period after al) and the year for the first and subsequent citations.
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