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Grammar in use
 Modals

9 Match the modal verbs in bold to their functions.

1 H You should wear a raincoat. It’s been raining all day. A it’s forbidden to

2 A Stop that! You mustn’t feed the animals. B do you want to

3 B You can see lots of deer in the park. C are obliged to

4 E Would you like to visit the nature reserve? D it’s possible that we will

5 F Visitors must stay on footpaths inside the park. E it’s possible to

6 D We may visit the café in the National Park. F it’s necessary to

7 C You have to sign up for the nature talk. G it’s not necessary to

8 G You needn’t leave pets at home; dogs are welcome in the park. H it’s a good idea to

10 Rewrite the sentences using: needn’t, mustn’t, can, can’t, must.

1 It’s forbidden for people to paint graffiti on public buildings.

People mustn´t

2 Is it OK if we play on the grass?


3 Governments are obliged to do more to help the environment.

Governments must
4 It’s not necessary for you to pay to enter the nature reserve; it’s free.
You can´t

5 Martin isn’t able to come to the clean-up day because he’s on holiday.
Martin can

some/any/no/every and compounds

11 Complete a dialogue with the compounds of: some/any/no/every.

Aaron: 1) some from WWF gave a talk at my school yesterday. Did you know that animals like the panda are
at risk of extinction?
Betty: That’s terrible! Why?
Aaron: They have 2) some to live and 3) no to eat because their habitat is being destroyed.
Betty: Isn’t there 4) any in their country who can protect them?
Aaron: There are some government programmes in China, but charities also help a lot. In fact, we can even do
5) every here in the UK to help.
Betty: Really? Can I do 6) some to help these beautiful animals?
Aaron: Yes, of course! If 7) every donates a little money to charities like the WWF, they can use it to save
pandas and their habitats.
Betty: Great! Let’s do some fundraising at school!
Name: Alfredo Alejandro Valenzuela

Singular/plural nouns

12 Underline the correct item.

1The information you gave me is/are wrong.

2 The money for the groceries are/is on the table.
3 Your new trousers is/are really nice!
4 Politics are/is my favourite class at college.
5 The police are/is working hard to reduce crime in the city.
6 People are/is very friendly in my town

 the/

13 Complete a fact file. Fill in the where necessary or leave blank.


 Lions are 1) ………………..……… second largest big cat species in the world.
 Unlike languages, 2) ………………..……… mathematics is the same in every country.
 3) ………………..……… Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on the planet.
 Hundreds of years ago, people actually believed 4) ………………..……… Earth was flat!
 Crows remember 5) ………………..……… faces of humans who threaten their habitat.
 6) ………………..……… Russia is the largest country in the world.
 7) ………………..……… (N)nose of each cat is unique, just like a human finger-print.

 Sentence transformations
14 Complete the second sentence using the word in bold so that it means the same as the
first. Use two to five words.

1 Ned is under sixteen so he isn’t able to volunteer. (CAN)

Ned can not volunteer because he is under sixteen.

2 It’s not necessary for you to work late today. (NEED)

You do not need to work so late today.

3 It is forbidden to cheat during your exams. (MUST)

You must not cheat during your exams.

4 There is nothing to eat in the fridge. (NOT)

There not to eat there in the fridge.

5 Perhaps she’s at work. (MAY)

She may is at work

Name: Alfredo Alejandro Valenzuela

 Prepositions

15 Underline the correct item.

1The animal charity depends on/at/in donations from kind people.
2 There has been an increase in/on/at the number of people who are looking for a job.
3 The local people protested for/against/of the opening of a factory in their area.
4 Predators like lions feed with/on/up the cattle of the Maasai tribe.
5 Because of the rubbish in the area, lots of people suffered with/ against/from diseases.
6 Wild animals near the town have been affected by/with/from changes to their environment.
7 The number of lions living in/on/at the wild is very low because of hunting.
8 By supporting conservation groups, we can save endangered species by/of/from extinction