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PRAKTEK INDUSTRI

PT SEMEN PADANG
WHRPG

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Bagan Pembuatan Semen ............................................................................ 13


Gambar 3.1 Skema Energi Listrik PLN .......................................................................... 25
Gambar 3.2 Skema Energi Listrik Pembangkit Sendiri .................................................. 28
Gambar 3.3 Overview WHRPG...................................................................................... 35
Gambar 3.4 Sand Filter ................................................................................................... 36
Gambar 3.5 Bangunan Demineralizer Skema Peralatan Demineralizer ......................... 37
Gambar 3.6 Vacuum Condenser dan Spesifikasinya ...................................................... 37
Gambar 3.7 Flasher ......................................................................................................... 38
Gambar 3.8 Steam Drum................................................................................................. 38
Gambar 3.9 Bangunan SP Boiler dan AQC Boiler ......................................................... 39
Gambar 3.10 Pipa Economizer ....................................................................................... 39
Gambar 3.11 Pipa Generator ........................................................................................... 40
Gambar 3.12 Pipa Superheater ........................................................................................ 40
Gambar 3.13 Silencer ...................................................................................................... 40
Gambar 3.14 Turbin Uap dan Spesifikasinya ................................................................. 41
Gambar 3.15 Steam Jet Air Ejector dan Spesifikasinya ................................................. 41
Gambar 3.16 GSC dan Spesifikasinya ............................................................................ 42
Gambar 3.17 Kompresor Emeraude –FE (FE200HA) .................................................... 42
Gambar 3.18 Control Valve ............................................................................................ 43
Gambar 3.19 Motor Valve .............................................................................................. 43
Gambar 3.20 Manual Valve ............................................................................................ 44
Gambar 3.21 Bangunan Cooling Tower ......................................................................... 44
Gambar 3.22 Governor dan Nameplat Pada Turbin........................................................ 45
Gambar 3.23 Governor Control dan Turbin Control Panel............................................. 45
Gambar 3.24 Reduction Gear .......................................................................................... 46
Gambar 3.25 Transformer dan Spesifikasinya ................................................................ 46
Gambar 3.26 Generator Sinkron 4-Poled dan Spesifikasinya ......................................... 47
Gambar 4.1 Generator Sinkron dan Tubin di Unit WHRPG .......................................... 49
Gambar 4.2 Penampang Utuh Generator Sinkron Unit WHRPG ................................... 49
Gambar 4.3 Cross Section Generator 4 poled Meidensha .............................................. 50

MUHAMMAD RIZKI vi
14063058
PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK ELEKTRO
PRAKTEK INDUSTRI
PT SEMEN PADANG
WHRPG

Gambar 4.4 Rangka Stator .............................................................................................. 51


Gambar 4.5 Inti Stator ..................................................................................................... 52
Gambar 4.6 Ujung Inti Stator .......................................................................................... 52
Gambar 4.7 Lilitan Stator ................................................................................................ 53
Gambar 4.8 Poros Rotor .................................................................................................. 53
Gambar 4.9 Kumparan Rotor .......................................................................................... 54
Gambar 4.10 Bearing ...................................................................................................... 55
Gambar 4.11 Rotor Dengan Keseimbangan Mekanis ..................................................... 55
Gambar 4.12 Terminal Stator .......................................................................................... 56
Gambar 4.13 Saluran Sirkulasi Air Pendingin Generator ............................................... 56
Gambar 4.14 Aliran Udara Panas Di Dalam Generator .................................................. 57
Gambar 4.15 Rangkaian Ekivalen dan Diagram Fasor Altenator Berbeban .................. 60
Gambar 4.16 AVR YNEX06D ....................................................................................... 62
Gambar 4.17 Permanent Magnet Generator.................................................................... 64
Gambar 4.18 Ratting PMG ............................................................................................. 64
Gambar 4.19 Main Exciter (ACEX) ............................................................................... 65
Gambar 4.20 Ratting ACEX ........................................................................................... 65
Gambar 4.21 Rotating Rectifier ...................................................................................... 66
Gambar 4.22 Rotating Rectifir (Spesifikasi) ................................................................... 67
Gambar 4.23 Diagram Skematik Sistem Eksitasi YNEX06D ........................................ 67
Gambar 4.24 Diagram Skematik Sistem Eksitasi YNEX06D (Wiring) ......................... 68
Gambar 4.25 Diagram Blok AVR YNEX06D ................................................................ 69
Gambar 4.26 AVR Connection Diagram ........................................................................ 73
Gambar 4.27 Phase Uncontrolled Rectifier and Buck Bost Converter ........................... 78
Gambar 4.28 Gelombang Keluaran PMG Sebelum Diserahkan Jembatan Thyristor ..... 79
Gambar 4.29 Variasi Bentuk Gelombang Keluaran Thyristor oleh AVR ...................... 80
Gambar 4.30 Power Suply AVR ..................................................................................... 83
Gambar 4.31 Circuit Breaker AVR ................................................................................. 83

MUHAMMAD RIZKI vii


14063058
PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK ELEKTRO