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FUNGSI GAMMA DAN BETA

Anita T. Kurniawati, S.Si., M.Si.

FUNGSI GAMMA

1 .

(

n

)

2 .

(

n

)

(

0

n

(1)

x

n

(

 

n

1

e

x

d x

,

n

0

1)

1,

1)

 

n

(

n

)

( 2 )

n

! ,

n

1

0

2

0

y

2

n

1

e

2

y

d y

;

  n ( n )  ( 2 )   n ! , n



1

2

Nilai (n), untuk 1≤n≤2, diketahui dari Tabel

Fungsi Gamma. (n bilangan pecahan).

Contoh:

1. (6) = 5! = 5.4.3.2.1=120

2. (2,40) = (1,40 + 1) = 1,40 (1,40)

3 .

I

0

x e d x

5

x

= 1,40 (0,887264)

= 1,24217

0

x

6

1

x

e d x



( 6 )

5! 120

2

y

)

e

Misal: 2x = y x = ½ y Untuk: x=0 y=0 x =y=Dari x= ½ y dx = ½ dy

2

y

32

0

y

1

( 5 )

e

1

y

4!

3

Fungsi Beta

1 .

2 .

3 .

4 .

B

B

B

B

(

m

,

(

(

(

m

m

m

,

,

,

n

)

n

n

n

)

)

)

1

0

2

x

2

0

m

1

sin

(1

2

m

1

x

)

1

m n 1

a

a

0

y

m

0

y

m

1

(1

y

)

m n

n

1

d x

,

m

0 ,

n

cos

1

(

a

d y

2

n

1

 

d

y

)

n

1

d y

0

y

n

1

(1

y

)

m n

0

d y

Hubungan fungsi Beta dan Gamma:

1

0

2

0

a

0

0

1

n

1

2

1 .

m

(1

)

x

x

sin

 

m

1

 

y

1

(

a

y

 

m

1

 
 

y

 

(1

y

)

m

n

2
2

.

cos

m
3

.

)

n

4 .

d y

Rumus:

 

(

m

)

(

n

)

(

m

n

)

 

(

 

)

 

1

 

(

m

)

(

n

)

m

,

n

 
 

2

 

(

m

n

)

 

m

n

 

1

(

m

)

(

n

)

(

m

,

n

)

a

 
 

(

m

n

)

d y

 

B

(

m

 

)

(

m

)

(

n

)

,

n

 
 

(

m

 

n

)

B

(

m

,

n

)

 

d

1

B

 

2

 

m

n

 

1

B

 

a

 
 

n

1

 

y

 

m

n

n

1

1

d y

0

(1

y

)

d x

Contoh:

1 .

I

1

0

5

x

(1

x

)

3

d x

1

0

x

5! 3!

9!

5! 3 . 2 . 1

9

. 8 . 7 . 6 . 5!

6

1

1

(1

504

x

)

4

2 .

I

2

0

sin

5

x

3

cos

x d x

1

2

(

B m n

,

)

2m-1=5m=3

2n-1=3n=2

1

d x

1

2

B

( 6 , 4 )

B ( 3, 2 )

 

( 6 )

( 4 )

 

( 6

4 )

1

( 3)

( 2 )

2

( 3

2 )

1 2! 1!

2 4!

3 .

4 .

0

I

sin

5

x

d x

2

2

0

sin

5

x

0

cos

2m-1=5m=3

2n-1=0n= ½

3

0

x

2

( 3

x

)

4

d x

m n

a

a=3; m-1=2;

n-1=4

m=3

n=5

1

2

 

( 3)

(

1

2

)

 
 

( 3

1 )
2

16

 

15

 

3

7

( 3)

( 5 )

 

 
 

( 3

5 )

( 3,5 )

x d x

2 .

B ( 3,

1

2

)

2!    5 3 1 .  2 2 2
2!
5
3
1
.
2
2
2

1

(

B m n

,

)

3

3

 

5

1

B

3

7

2! 4!

7!

3

6

35

Soal Latihan:

1 .

3 .

5 .

7 .

I

(



I

I

0

x

4

3,5 )

1

0

x

2

e

x

d x

(1

x

)

3

2 5 2 x 
2
5
2
x

0

( 2

x

)

d x

1 2
1
2

d x

2 .

4 .

6 .

8 .

I

0

t

6

e

( 2 , 6 )

I

I

2

0

cos

 8 cos 
8
cos

0

3

t

d t

5

x

3 4

sin

2

x

d x

x d x