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H PERBANDINGAN HITUNGAN ANTARA

IS DENGAN ULTIMATE (KEKUATAN BATAS)

I. Metode Analitis, Akibat Lentur, Tulangan Rangkap - Beban Tetap

No. URAIAN RUMUS/NOTASI HARGA


A. PARAMETER DESAIN
1 Teg. luluh baja rencana, kg/cm2 Sgm-au = 2,400
2 Teg. tarik baja , kg/cm2 Sgm'au= 0.58*Sgm-au = 1,392
3 Modulus elastisitas baja, kg/cm2 Ea = 2,100,000
4 Teg. beton karakteristik, kg/cm2 Sgm-bk = 175
5 Teg. tekan beton ijin, kg/cm2 Sgm'-b =0.33*Sgm-bk = 57.8
6 Teg. geser beton ijin, kg/cm2 Thou'-b=0.43(Sgm-bk)—u0.5˜ = 5.7
7 Modulus elastisitas beton, kg/cm2
- Beban tetap Ebt = 6400*Sgm-bk—u0.5˜ = 84,664
- Beban sementara Ebs = 9600*Sgm-bk—u0.5˜ = 126,996
8 Bilangan equivalensi
- Beban tetap n = Ea/Ebt = 25
- Beban sementara n = Ea/Ebs = 17
B. MOMEN DAN GAYA LINTANG
1 Beban merata rencana, t/m' q= 1.01
2 Beban terpusat rencana, t P= 0.0
3 Panjang bentang, m L= 4.00
4 Moment maks. tumpuan, kgcm Mmax =(1/12)*q*L—u2˜+(1/8)*P*L = 134,800 Untuk simpel bea
Moment maks. lapangan, kgcm M=(1/24)*q*L—u2˜+(1/8)*P*L =
5 Gaya lintang maksimum, kg Dmax = 0.5*q*L+0.5*P = 2,022
C. RENCANA PENAMPANG STRUKTUR :
1 Lebar balok, cm b= 20
2 Tinggi balok, cm d= 30
3 Tinggi efektif balok, cm h = d-d' = 25.5
4 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul. trk, cm d'= 4.5
5 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul. tkn, cm d"= 4.5
6 Tulangan tarik :
-Diameter tulangan (trial), cm O= 1.2
-Jml tulangan (trial), bh m= 4
-Luas tulangan tarik (trial), cm2 As = 0.25*@Pi*O—u2˜*m = #VALUE!
6 Tulangan tekan :
-Diameter tulangan (trial), cm O= 1.2
-Jml tulangan (trial), bh m= 3
-Luas tulangan tarik (trial), cm2 As' = 0.25*@Pi*O—u2˜*m = 3.39
D. KONTROL TEGANGAN MAXIMUM :
1 Jarak grs netral, cm X = -A+(B+C)—u0.5˜ = #VALUE!
dimana : A = n*(As'+As)/b = #VALUE!
B = (n*(As'+As)/b)—u2˜= #VALUE!
C = 2n*(As'*d"+As*h)/b = #VALUE!
2 Momen Inersia : I = 0.33*b*X—u3˜ + n*As'*(X-d")—u2˜ + n*As*(h-X)— #VALUE!
3 Tahanan momen baja tarik We = I /(n*(h-X) = #VALUE!
4 Tahanan momen baja tekan We' = I /(n*(X-d") = #VALUE!
5 Tahanan momen beton Wb = I / X = #VALUE!
6 Teg. max. tarik baja, kg/cm2 Sgme = M/We = #VALUE! <
7 Teg. max. tekan baja, kg/cm2 Sgme' = M/We' = #VALUE! <

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8 Teg. max. tekan beton, kg/cm2 Sgmb = M/Wb = #VALUE! <
9 Teg. max. geser beton, kg/cm2 Thoub = Dmax/((h-X/3)*b)= #VALUE! <
E. KONTROL LENDUTAN :
1 Lendutan maksimum, cm f = q*L—u2˜/(384*E*I) = 0.000001

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II. Metode Ultimate - PBI'71, Akibat Lentur, Tulangan Rangkap - Beban Te

NO. URAIAN RUMUS/NOTASI HARGA


A. PARAMETER DESAIN
1 Teg. luluh baja, kg/cm2 Sgm-au = 2,400
2 Teg. luluh baja rencana, kg/cm2 Sgm'au =0.87*Sgm-au = 2,088
3 Modulus elastisitas baja, kg/cm2 Ea = 2,100,000
4 Regangan baja pd batas elastis eb = Sgm'au/Ea 0.0010
5 Teg. tekan beton karakter., kg/cm2 Sgm'bk = 175
6 Teg. geser beton rencana, kg/cm2 Thou-bu=0.65 (Sgm'bk)—u0.5˜ = 8.60 Tanpa tulangan ge
7 Koefisien beban ko = 0.5 0.50 bbn ttp, 0.60
8 Faktor beban Delta-st = 1.00 tergantung ketelit
B. MOMEN DAN GAYA LINTANG :
1 Moment maksimum, kgcm Mmax =0.125*q*L—u2˜+0.25*P*L = 134,800 Untuk simpel bea
2 Gaya lintang maksimum, kg Dmax = 0.5*q*L+0.5*P = 2,022
C. RENCANA PENAMPANG STRUKTUR :
1 Lebar plat, cm b = 20
2 Tebal plat, cm d = 30
3 Tinggi efektif plat, cm h = d - d' = 25.00
4 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul. trk, cm d' = 5.00
5 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul. dsk, cm d" = 2.00
6 Tulangan tarik
- Diameter Tulangan (trial), cm O= 1.60
- Jarak Tulangan (trial), cm as = 16.50
- Luas tulangan, cm2/m' As = 2.44
7 Tulangan tekan
- Diameter Tulangan, cm O= 0.80
- Jarak Tulangan, cm as = 20.00
- Luas tulangan, cm2/m' As' = 0.50
D. KONTROL PENAMPANG :
1 Mencari koef.baja tarik pd keadaan P = (ko*0.80*7.35*Sgm'bk) = 515
seimbang-ultimit Q=(7.35+Sgm'au*10—u-3˜)*Sgm'au = 19,707
0.75*wb % = 0.75*P/Q % = 1.958
2 Mencari Tinggi garis netral pada yb=(7.35*h)/(7.35+Sgm'au*10—u-3˜)= 15.58
keadaan seimbang-ultimit
3 Luas tul. tarik ke-2, cm2/m' A2 = As' = 0.50
4 Luas tul. tarik ke-1, cm2/m' A1 = As - A2 = 1.93
5 Rasio selisih tul. tarik & tekan, % (w-w')%=As/(b*h)-(As'/(b*h) % = 0.387
E. KONTROL KAPASITAS MOMEN JIKA BAJA DESAK SUDAH LULUH :
1 Kekuatan tarik baja max., kg T1 = A1 * Sgm'au = 4,039
2 Kekuatan desak beton max., kg D1 = ko*Sgm'bk*b*a = T1 = 4,039
3 Tinggi blok desak beton, cm a = T1/(ko*Sgm'bk*b) = 2.31
4 Jarak garis netral, cm yu = a/0.8 = 2.89
5 Lengan momen intern, cm zu = (h-a/2) = 23.85
6 Regangan baja desak e' = ((yu-d")*0.0035)/yu = 0.0011
7 Momen maximum, kgcm M1 = T1 * zu = 96,317
M2 = A2 * Sgm'au * (h-d") = 24,139
8 Kapasitas momen batas, kgcm Mu = (M1+M2)/Delta-st = 120,457 <
9 Gaya lintang max. terfactor, kg Su = Delta-st * Dmax = 2,022
10 Teg. geser max. beton, kg/cm2 Thou-b = Su/(zu*b) = 4.24 <

F. KONTROL KAPASITAS MOMEN JIKA BAJA DESAK BELUM LULUH :

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1 Kekuatan tarik baja max., kg T = As * Sgm'au = 5,089
2 Kekuatan desak beton maximum D1 = ko*Sgm'bk*b*a = 8,132
sebesar (D1 + Da), kg Da = As'*(e'*Ea - 0.5*Sgm'bk) = 2,378
3 Persamaan untuk trial "a" Harga : (D1 + Da - T) = 0.00 5,422
4 Tinggi blok desak beton, cm a= 4.65
5 Jarak garis netral, cm yu = a/0.8 = 5.81
6 Lengan momen intern, cm zu = (h-a/2) = 22.68
7 Regangan baja desak e' = ((yu-d")*0.0035)/yu = 0.0023 >
8 Momen maximum, kgcm M1 = D1 * zu = 184,404
M2 = Da * (h-d") = 54,704
9 Kapasitas momen batas, kgcm Mu = (M1+M2)/Delta-st = 239,108 >
10 Gaya lintang max. terfactor, kg Su = Delta-st * Dmax = 2,022
11 Teg. geser max. beton, kg/cm2 Thou-b = Su/(zu*b) = 4.46

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II. Metode Analitis, Akibat Lentur, Tulangan Tunggal - Beban Tetap

NO. URAIAN RUMUS/NOTASI HARGA


A. PARAMETER DESAIN
1 Teg. luluh baja rencana, kg/cm2 Sgm-au = 2,400
2 Teg. baja ijin, kg/cm2 Sgm'-au= 0.58*Sgm-au = 1,392
3 Modulus elastisitas baja, kg/cm2 Ea = 2,100,000
4 Teg. beton karakteristik, kg/cm2 Sgm-bk = 175
5 Teg. tekan beton ijin, kg/cm2 Sgm'-b =0.33*Sgm-bk = 58
6 Teg. geser beton ijin, kg/cm2 Thou'-b=0.43(Sgm-bk)—u0.5˜ = 5.69
7 Modulus elastisitas beton, kg/cm2
- Beban tetap Ebt = 6400*Sgm-bk—u0.5˜ = 84,664
- Beban sementara Ebs = 9600*Sgm-bk—u0.5˜ = 126,996
8 Bilangan equivalensi
- Beban tetap n = Ea/Ebt = 25
- Beban sementara n = Ea/Ebs = 17
B. MOMEN DAN GAYA LINTANG :
1 Beban merata rencana, t/m' q= 1.01
2 Beban terpusat rencana, t P= 0.00
3 Panjang bentang, m L= 4.00
4 Moment maksimum, kgcm Mmax =0.125*q*L—u2˜+0.25*P*L = 202,200
5 Gaya lintang maksimum, kg Dmax = 0.5*q*L+0.5*P = 2,022
C. RENCANA PENAMPANG STRUKTUR :
1 Leber dinding, cm b= 20
2 Tebal dinding, cm d1 = 30
3 Tebal efektif dinding, cm h = (d1-d') = 25.0
4 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul., cm d' = 5.0
5 Tulangan tarik
- Diameter tulangan, cm O= 1.2
- Jarak tulangan, cm as = 4.00
- Luas tulangan, cm2 /m' As = 5.65
6 Tulangan susut
- Luas tulangan, cm2 /m' As'>0.125%*b*d = 0.75
- Diameter tulangan, cm O= 0.8
- Jarak tulangan, cm as = 13
D. KONTROL TEGANGAN MAXIMUM
1 Jarak grs. netral, cm X = A*(-1+B—u0.5˜) = 12.98
dimana : A = n*Fe/b = 7.01
B = (1+2b*h/(nFe)) = 8.13
2 Lengan moment , cm z=h-0.333*X = 20.68
3 Teg. max. tarik baja, kg/cm2 Sgm-e = M/(z*Fe) = 1,729
4 Teg. max. tekan beton, kg/cm2 Sgm-b=M*X/(n*z*Fe*(h-X)) = 75
5 Teg. max. geser beton, kg/cm2 Thou-b = Dmax/(z*b) = 4.89

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II. Metode Ultimate - SNI'91, Akibat Lentur, Tulangan Rangkap - Beban Te

NO. URAIAN RUMUS/NOTASI HARGA


A. PARAMETER DESAIN
1 Teg. luluh baja, kg/cm2 fy = 2,400
2 Teg. luluh baja rencana, kg/cm2 f'y =0.87*fy = 2,088
3 Modulus elastisitas baja, kg/cm2 Es = 2,100,000
4 Regangan baja pd batas elastis eb = f'y/Es 0.0010
5 Teg. tekan beton karakter., kg/cm2 fc' = Sgm-bk/0.83 = 211
6 Teg. geser beton rencana, kg/cm2 Thou-bu=0.65 (Sgm'bk)—u0.5˜ = 9.44
7 Koefisien beban ko = 0.85
8 Faktor beban Delta-st = 1.00
B. MOMEN DAN GAYA LINTANG :
1 Moment maksimum, kgcm Mmax =0.125*q*L—u2˜+0.25*P*L = 5
2 Gaya lintang maksimum, kg Dmax = 0.5*q*L+0.5*P = 0
C. RENCANA PENAMPANG STRUKTUR :
1 Lebar plat, cm b= 4
2 Tebal plat, cm d= 6
3 Tinggi efektif plat, cm h = d - d' = 0.65
4 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul. trk, cm d' = 5.00
5 Jrk tepi beton dg TB tul. dsk, cm d" = 2.00
6 Tulangan tarik
- Diameter Tulangan (trial), cm O= 1.60
- Jarak Tulangan (trial), cm as = 16.50
- Luas tulangan, cm2/m' As = 0.49
7 Tulangan tekan
- Diameter Tulangan, cm O= 0.80
- Jarak Tulangan, cm as = 20.00
- Luas tulangan, cm2/m' As' = 0.10
D. KONTROL PENAMPANG :
1 Mencari koef.baja tarik pd keadaan P = (ko*0.80*7.35*Sgm'bk) = 1,054
seimbang-ultimit Q=(7.35+Sgm'au*10—u-3˜)*Sgm'au = 19,707
0.75*wb % = 0.75*P/Q % = 4.011
2 Mencari Tinggi garis netral pada yb=(7.35*h)/(7.35+Sgm'au*10—u-3˜)= 0.41
keadaan seimbang-ultimit
3 Luas tul. tarik ke-2, cm2/m' A2 = As' = 0.10
4 Luas tul. tarik ke-1, cm2/m' A1 = As - A2 = 0.39
5 Rasio selisih tul. tarik & tekan, % (w-w')%=As/(b*h)-(As'/(b*h) % = 14.770
E. KONTROL KAPASITAS MOMEN JIKA BAJA DESAK SUDAH LULUH :
1 Kekuatan tarik baja max., kg T1 = A1 * Sgm'au = 808
2 Kekuatan desak beton max., kg D1 = ko*Sgm'bk*b*a = T1 = 808
3 Tinggi blok desak beton, cm a = T1/(ko*Sgm'bk*b) = 1.13
4 Jarak garis netral, cm yu = a/0.8 = 1.41
5 Lengan momen intern, cm zu = (h-a/2) = 0.09
6 Regangan baja desak e' = ((yu-d")*0.0035)/yu = -0.0015
7 Momen maximum, kgcm M1 = T1 * zu = 74
M2 = A2 * Sgm'au * (h-d") = (282)
8 Kapasitas momen batas, kgcm Mu = (M1+M2)/Delta-st = (209)
9 Gaya lintang max. terfactor, kg Su = Delta-st * Dmax = 0
10 Teg. geser max. beton, kg/cm2 Thou-b = Su/(zu*b) = 0.00

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F. KONTROL KAPASITAS MOMEN JIKA BAJA DESAK BELUM LULUH :
1 Kekuatan tarik baja max., kg T = As * Sgm'au = 1,018
2 Kekuatan desak beton maximum D1 = ko*Sgm'bk*b*a = 3,331
sebesar (D1 + Da), kg Da = As'*(e'*Ea - 0.5*Sgm'bk) = 474
3 Persamaan untuk trial "a" Harga : (D1 + Da - T) = 0.00 2,787
4 Tinggi blok desak beton, cm a= 4.65
5 Jarak garis netral, cm yu = a/0.8 = 5.81
6 Lengan momen intern, cm zu = (h-a/2) = -1.67
7 Regangan baja desak e' = ((yu-d")*0.0035)/yu = 0.0023
8 Momen maximum, kgcm M1 = D1 * zu = (5,558)
M2 = Da * (h-d") = (637)
9 Kapasitas momen batas, kgcm Mu = (M1+M2)/Delta-st = (6,196)
10 Gaya lintang max. terfactor, kg Su = Delta-st * Dmax = 0
11 Teg. geser max. beton, kg/cm2 Thou-b = Su/(zu*b) = 0.00

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an Tetap

CATATAN

U-24

K-175

Untuk simpel beam, jepit-jepit

1,392 kg/cm2 ->OK


1,392 kg/cm2 ->OK

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58 kg/cm2 ->OK
5.69 kg/cm2 ->OK

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kap - Beban Tetap

CATATAN

U-24

K-175
Tanpa tulangan geser
0.50 bbn ttp, 0.60 bbn smtr
tergantung ketelitian 1.0~1.5

Untuk simpel beam, rol-sendi

< 1.958 %->OK

15.575 cm->OK
22.50 cm
0.0010 sudah lul

134,800 kgcm ->OK

8.60 kg/cm2 ->OK

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15.575 cm->OK

0.0010 belum luluh

134,800 kgcm-->OK

8.60 kg/cm2-->OK

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an Tetap

CATATAN

U-24

K-175

1,392 kg/cm2 ->NOK


57.75 kg/cm2 ->NOK
5.69 kg/cm2 ->OK

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kap - Beban Tetap

CATATAN

U-24

K-175 eqivalen fc'-211


Tanpa tulangan geser
0.50 bbn ttp, 0.60 bbn smtr
tergantung ketelitian 1.0~1.5

Untuk simpel beam, rol-sendi

4.011 %->OK

0.408 cm->OK
0.59 cm
0.0010 sudah luluh

5 kgcm ->OK

9.44 kg/cm2 ->OK

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0.408 cm->OK

0.0010 belum luluh

5 kgcm-->OK

9.44 kg/cm2-->OK

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