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Lab Manual for CPT-II

8. Find out moisture, volatile matter and ash content in fuel

EXPERIMENT 8
FIND OUT MOISTURE,
VOLATILE MATTER AND
ASH CONTENT IN FUEL

Chemical Department, Government Poly. G’Nagar 20


Lab Manual for CPT-II
8. Find out moisture, volatile matter and ash content in fuel
Date:________

EXPERIMENT 8 : FIND OUT MOISTURE, VOLATILE MATTER AND ASH


CONTENT IN FUEL

AIM : TO STUDY THE PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF THE GIVEN COAL SAMPLE.

CHEMICAL: Coal

APPARATUS:

 Muffle Furnace
 200 mesh size sieve
 Weighing Balance
 Silica Crucible with air tight lid
 Asbestos hand gloves
 Deccicator
 Pair of tongs

THEORY:

 Coal is coming in various quality. It is classified mainly on the basis of the fixed carbon and its
heating value.
 Coal is widely used from domestic purpose of heating to its various application in the industries like
in power generation, in mfg. of organic chemicals.
 Coal is analyzed to its quality before coal is taken into use.
 Coal is analyzed in two ways.
1) Proximate analysis
2) Ultimate analysis
 Proximate analysis is the simplest way of analyzing the coal. The following contents are found in
analysis.
1) Fixed Carbon
2) Volatile Matter
3) Moisture
4) Ash (Mineral Matter)
 Ultimate analysis is the specific method of analyzing the coal. The following contents are found out.
1) Carbon
2) Hydrogen
3) Nitrogen
4) Oxygen
5) Sulphur
6) 0Its Heating Value

Chemical Department, Government Poly. G’Nagar 21


Lab Manual for CPT-II
8. Find out moisture, volatile matter and ash content in fuel
PROCEDURE

 First small pieces of coal were crushed and is passed through 200 mesh size sieve.
 From the under flow of the sieve, accurately weighed 2 gm of sample in the crucible and a lid is
weighed and total weight is noted
 Moisture Content
 Crucible is kept in furnace and temp. in the furnace is raised up to 110 0 C. to remove the moisture.
 Now the crucible is taken out carefully and is kept in the deccicator with CaCl2 to cool down up to
room temp. Then whole crucible is weighed again and weight is noted down.
 The weighed crucible is kept again in the furnace.
 Volatile Matter
 Now, temp. in the furnace is raised up to 900 0 C. and temp. is kept constant for 7 minutes to remove
the volatile matter.
 Crucible is taken out and is kept in the deccicator to cool down up to room temp. Crucible is again
weighed and note down the weight.
 Ash content
 Lid over the crucible is removed and is heated from 5000 C. to 815 0 C. for 1 hrs.
 Again the crucible is kept in the deccicator to cool down up to room temp.
 This crucible is weighed and weight is noted

OBSERVATION :

 Weight of the empty crucible = a gm. =


 Weight of a lid = b gm.=
 Weight of the crucible with the sample = c gm. =
 Weight of the crucible after heating up to 1100 C. = d gm. =
 Weight of the crucible after heating up to 9000 C. e gm. =
 Weight of the crucible after heating up to 8150 C. = f gm. =

CALCULATION :

 Weight of crucible with sample and the lid = a+b+c gm. = w gm.
 Weight of moisture gone out = (w-d) gm. =
 Weight of the volatile matter gone out = (d-e) gm. =
 Weight of the ash remaining after the final heating = f-(a+b) gm. =
 Moisture fraction in the sample = (w-d)/c = x* 100 =
 Volatile Matter fraction in the sample = (d-e)/c =y* 100 =
 Ash fraction in the sample = (f-(a+b))/c = z* 100 =
 Fixed carbon fraction in the sample = (1- (x+y+z) )* 100 =

Chemical Department, Government Poly. G’Nagar 22


Lab Manual for CPT-II
8. Find out moisture, volatile matter and ash content in fuel

RESULT :

Proximate analysis of the given coal sample :

Moisture percent =

Volatile Matter percent =

Ash percent =

Fixed Carbon percent =

Chemical Department, Government Poly. G’Nagar 23