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ANALISIS BERBASIS GEOSPASIAL DALAM

PERENCANAAN WILAYAH DAN KOTA

Dr.-Ing. Wiwandari Handayani


Tujuan analisis
■ penggambaran masalah (problem description)
– analisis deskriptif: mengenali permasalahan sebagaimana
adanya (apa …..)
■ pemahaman masalah (problem understanding)
– analisis hubungan: keterkaitan antara satu faktor dengan faktor
lain (mengapa …)
■ antisipasi masalah (problem anticipation)
– analisis antisipatif: kemungkinan yang terjadi di masa depan
■ pemilihan alternatif (feasible solutions)
– analisis evaluatif: menentukan satu di antara berbagai alternatif
Planning problems ALWAYS
have a spatial dimension
GIS data and GIS spatial analysis tools play a
key role in planning support system.

GIS offers tools for convenient planning


GIS: spatial planning
GIS: spatial planning
GIS: spatial planning
GIS: spatial planning

Extract data
Explore data
Define objective(s) (spatial and
sources
attribute queries)

Analyses
Presenting: geo-
(geo-processing visualization
with model builder)

Master Program in Regional and Urban Development


Department of Urban and Regional Planning
DEPARTMENT OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING • DIPONEGORO UNIVERSITY
Building A 3rd Floor • Department of Regional and City Planning

Diponegoro University
KAMPUS UNDIP TEMBALANG, SEMARANG 50275, INDONESIA
Phone: +62 24 7648 6820 • Fax:+62 24 7648 6821
Email: mpwk@undip.ac.id • Website: www.mpwk.undip.ac.id
Elemen dalam analisis sistem keruangan pada
dimensi wilayah: sistem pusat permukiman

• Wilayah pusat produksi (Desa) – distribusi (Kota) (wil.


perencanaan - batasan administratif)
• Kepadatan penduduk, bangunan (built-up area) (analisis city
ranked size)
• Persebaran fasilitas (schalogram/indeks sentralitas
marshal)
• Fungsi pusat – sub pusat (teori lokasi tempat pusat)
• Keterkaitan pusat – sub pusat (analisis linkage – flow)
Introduction
■ A region is composed of two elements
– Settlement centers, place where population mostly resides
– Production areas, place where economic activities (that consume
land) take place
■ First element is “urban area”, human settlement
– People and its activities (work, live and play)
– Built environment (infrastructures, buildings, facilities)
■ Second element is “rural area”, production centers
– Mostly occupied by farmland
– Scattered-low density small settlements
Variable and Criteria for Rural Urban Classification
Flow of commodity: example