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07 30 00

JOINT SEALANTS
INDEX TO ARTICLES
PART 1 - GENERAL
1.1 Contract Documents
1.2 Work Included
1.3 Related Work Specified Elsewhere
1.4 Quality Assurance
1.5 Submittals
1.6 Environmental Conditions

PART 2 - PRODUCTS
2.1 Materials and Acceptable Manufacturers
2.2 Manufacturer's Responsibility and Certification

PART 3 - EXECUTION
3.1 Workmanship and Installation

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07 30 00
JOINT SEALANTS
1. GENERAL
1.1 Contract Documents
1.1.1 All Work of this Section shall comply with the requirement of the Contract
Documents for the Main Building works, with the Drawings, Schedules and with
all other Contract Documents.
1.2 Work Included
1.2.1 Sealant work for control joints, expansion joints, and other joints at the following:
a) Concrete work.
b) Caulked joints at masonry work including gaps between walls and
structural elements.
c) At perimeter joint around door frames, windows, louvres and other
openings and penetrations at interior or exterior walls.
d) Between metal and stonework, tiles, concrete block, or concrete at interior
or exterior walls.
e) Beneath door saddles in exterior walls.
f) Between stonework / tile and fixture.
g) Between mirror and stonework / tile.
h) Between grilles.
i) Between roof panels.
j) Between ceiling work
k) Between cladding panels
l) Between glazing panels
m) Between interfacing of sanitaryware and floor / wall finishes
n) Sealing of penetrations of ducts, pipes, cables and all other M&E items
through fire barriers.
1.2.2 Provide fire rated sealant assemblies at all through openings in fire rated masonry,
concrete partitions or partitions.
1.2.3 Fully coordinate installation of sealant at all stone work interior and exterior to the
structure.
1.3 Related Work Specified Elsewhere
a) Sealants for work of other Sections : See respective Trade Sections
b) Reference Standards : 01 02 10
c) Stone Assemblies : 04 20 00
d) Tiling : 09 60 00
e) Paving : 17 11 00
1.4 Quality Assurance
Refer to Section 01 02 10 Reference Standards to comply with the requirements of the
referenced Standards.

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1.5 Submittals
1.5.1 Shop Drawings :
Submit showing fire rated sealant assemblies complete with types of materials.
1.5.2 Samples :
Submit
a) Samples of each type of sealants for custom colour appraisal (where
exposed) and compliance with Specifications.
b) Complete sealant assembly for fire rated sealants.
1.5.3 Manufacturer's Literature :
Submit printed Specifications and installation details for the following:
a) Sealant materials, Backer Rods and Primers.
b) Fire rated sealant assemblies.
1.5.4 Manufacturer's Certification :
a) Submit compatibility test reports between sealant and applied surfaces.
Highlight any adverse effect on compatibility of any surface finish in
contact with the sealant.
b) Submit per requirements specified herein.
1.5.5 Sample :
See respective Trade Sections for Sample requirements. Provide all sealing as
necessary to complete same.
1.5.6 Indemnities and Warrenties for
a) Joint Sealers and Assessories (10 years)
Prior to commencement of the work, the Contractor shall provide to the Employer
a 10-years Indemnity and warranty against any defect, deterioration, failure, lack
of fitness, non-satisfaction of performance specifications or other requirements
under the Contract or other faults in the work. The Contractor will be required to
remedy, repair and make good any defects or damage during the indemnity
period.
If, in the opinion of the Contractor, the foregoing Specifications are insufficient for
him to provide the indemnity and warranty, then he shall allow in his tender for
upgrading the Specifications as necessary to enable him to so indemnify.
1.6 Environmental Conditions
1.6.1 Temperature :
Install all work of this Section in accordance with approved manufacturers
instructions relative to temperature controls.
1.6.2 Moisture :Do not apply work of this Section on surfaces which are wet or damp.
2. PRODUCTS
2.1 Materials and Acceptable Manufacturers
2.1.1 Acceptable manufacturers, subject to compliance with specified requirements.
Other manufacturers providing similar and equal product will be given equal
consideration:
a) GE
b) Hilti
c) Dow Corning

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d) Expandite Ltd, UK
e) Bostik
2.1.2 Sealants :
Shall be approved equal to those types and products specified herein. Other
manufacturers, providing similar materials will be given equal consideration. All
sealants shall be custom coloured, unless otherwise approved. Silicone based
sealant shall not be used where sealant is in contact with mirror or porous stone.
Note: Any sealant and associated products used in aquariums/pools where
marine life are present must be free of any chemical harmful to such marine life,
notwithstanding any example of sealant mentioned hereunder
a) Types (for all vertical and horizontal joints, as noted below) :
Provide the following sealant :
i) Polyurethane sealant :
One part polyurethane sealant for vertical joints
Example: Bostik Seal ‘N’ Flex 1
One part polyurethane sealant for trafficable surface
Example: Bostik Seal ‘N’ Flex FC
Two part polyurethane sealant for horizontal joints
Example: Expandite Secoscal 12

ii) Silicone sealant to all glazed surfaces :


Example: Expandite Hilastic G
Dow Corning
GE
iii) Silicone sealant to glass mosaics and ceramic tiling
Example Dow Corning
Mapei: Mapesil AC
iv) Silicone sealant to stone work
Example Dow Corning
Mapei: Mapesil LM
v) Submersible type sealant :
Submit for approval prior to application. Sealant to be designed
for full time submersion in chlorinated or salt water without
noticeable colour change or degradation
Example: Expandite Secoseal 12
vi) UV-resistant sealant:
Example: Expandite Thioflex One
Bostik Seal ‘N’ Flex 1
vii) Fire resistant sealant
Example Bostik Fireban One
Hilti 601S
b) Performance Requirements
i) Grade :

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For all vertical joints, use "non-sag" type sealant. For horizontal
joints, use "self-levelling" type sealant
ii) Hardness (upon full cure) :
At non-traffic bearing surfaces, 20 to 30 Shore A Durometer
iii) Joint Movement Capability :
Plus or minus 25%
iv) Colours :
Custom colours, as selected by the Architect
2.1.3 Sealant Primer :
Colourless, non-staining liquid materials, of types suited to substrate surfaces, as
recommended by the sealant manufacturer.
2.1.4 Joint Backing :
Preformed, compressible, resilient, non-waxed, non-extruding, non-staining
circular closed-cell continuous strips of foamed polyethylene, vinyl, rubber or other
materials recommended by the sealant manufacturer. Backing shall be of the
sizes and shapes to suit the various conditions, and shall be 30% wider than the
joint width. Joint backing shall be compatible with sealant and primers. Backing
at paving joints and the traffic bearing joints shall be sponge rubber, conforming
to ASTM D1752-84e1, Type I, Sponge Rubber; " Cementone Sponge Rubber No.
3329" by Serviced Products, Division of Grace Construction Materials or approved
equal.
2.1.5 Bond Breaker :
Polyethylene tape, or as recommended by the sealant manufacturer.
2.1.6 Cleaning Agent :
Chemically pure, non-staining, commercial solvent type recommended by the
sealant manufacturer.
2.1.7 Fire Resistant Joint Material :
As specified herein.
2.2 Manufacturer's Responsibility and Certification
2.2.1 Contractor shall require sealant manufacturer to review the project joint conditions
and all stone working details for this Section of the work. Contractor shall submit
to the Architect written certification from the sealant manufacturer that joints are
of the proper size and design, that the materials supplied are compatible with
adjacent materials and backing, that the materials will properly perform to provide
permanent watertight, airtight or vapourtight seals (as applicable), and that
materials supplied meet specified performance requirements.
3. EXECUTION
3.1 Workmanship and Installation
3.1.1 Supervision :
The Contractor shall submit to the Architect written certification from the sealant
manufacturer that the applicators are approved by the manufacturer and have
been instructed in the proper application of their materials. The Contractor shall
use only skilled and experienced workmen for installation of sealant.

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3.1.2 Preparation :
Joint surfaces to receive sealant shall be sound, smooth, clean, dry and free of all
contaminants. Factory or site applied coatings shall be removed with a suitable,
non-staining solvent prior to priming. Clean joints prior to installing sealant Review
and coordinate setting of stonework necessary to the proper application of sealant
system.
3.1.3 Sealant Installation
a) General :
All sealant instructions shall follow approved manufacturer's printed
specifications, and installation procedures. Use of primer, bond breaker,
and specified materials shall all be shown in Shop Drawings submitted for
approval prior to installation.
b) Primer :
Thoroughly clean joints and apply primer to surfaces that will receive
sealant. Apply primer on clean, dry surfaces, and prior to installation of
joint backing. Completely wet both inner faces of the joint with primer.
Mask adjacent surfaces of joint with non-staining masking tape prior to
priming. Allow primer to dry prior to application of joint backing, bond
breaker or sealant. All joints must be primed prior to application of sealant
in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
c) Joint Backing :
In joints where depth of joint exceeds required depth of sealant, install
joint backing (after primer is dry) in joints to provide backing and proper
joint shape for sealant. Proper shape for sealant is a very slight
"hourglass" shape, with back and front face having slight concave
curvature. Use special blunt T-shaped tool or roller to install joint backing
to the proper and uniform depth required for the sealant. Joint backing
shall be installed with approximately 30% compression. Do not stretch,
twist, braid, puncture or tear joint backing. Butt joint backing at
intersections, to be cemented.
d) Bond Breaker :
Install bond breaker smoothly over joint backing that would bond to
sealant and at back of joints where joint backing is not required, so that
sealant adheres only to the sides of the joint and not to backing.
e) Sealant Application :
Apply sealant in accordance with the manufacturer's application manual
and manufacturer's instructions, using hand guns or pressure equipment,
on clean, dry, properly prepared substrata. Temperature of sealant, as
well as of substrata, at time of sealant application, shall be as
recommended by sealant manufacturer. Mask adjacent surfaces of joint
with non-staining masking tape. Force sealant into joint in front of the tip
of the "caulking gun" (not pulled after it) and force sealant against sides
to make uniform, contact with sides of joint and to prevent entrapped air
or pulling of sealant off of sides. Fill sealant space solid with sealant.
f) Tooling :
Tool exposed joints to form smooth and uniform bends, with slightly
concave surface. Finished joints shall be straight, uniform, smooth, and
neatly finished. Sealant to finish flush with adjacent surfaces, except
where other wise indicated on Drawings. Remove masking tape
immediately after tooling of sealant and before sealant face starts to "skin"
over. Neatly remove any excess sealant from adjacent surfaces of joint,
leaving the work in a neat, clean condition.

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