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Feasibility Study of Bayangnyalo MHPP

Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera – 2013


Volume 1 Main Report

CONTENTS

SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................... 1-1


Background ...................................................................................................... 1-1
Development Plan of Bayangnyalo MHPP ....................................................... 1-1
Achievement of Project Location ...................................................................... 1-1
Purposes and Objectives ................................................................................. 1-1
Scope of Activities ............................................................................................ 1-1
Permits Required ............................................................................................. 1-1
Project Overview .............................................................................................. 1-1
SECTION 2 REGIONAL CONDITIONS ........................................................................ 2-1
Geography ....................................................................................................... 2-1
Population ........................................................................................................ 2-1
Economy .......................................................................................................... 2-1
Climate ............................................................................................................. 2-1
Physiography and Topography......................................................................... 2-1
Landuse ........................................................................................................... 2-1
Natural Resources ........................................................................................... 2-1
Road and Transportation.................................................................................. 2-1
SECTION 3 ELECTRICITY CONDITIONS.................................................................... 3-1
Electricity System in Project Area ..................................................................... 3-1
Electricity Conditions in West Sumatera Province ............................................ 3-1
Existing Conditions.................................................................................... 3-1
Projected Power Demand ......................................................................... 3-1
Power Planning ......................................................................................... 3-1
Electricity Conditions in Pesisir Selatan Regency ............................................. 3-1
Existing Conditions.................................................................................... 3-1
Power Planning ......................................................................................... 3-1
Latest Conditions ............................................................................................. 3-1
SECTION 4 TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY ........................................................................ 4-1
Purposes and Objectives ................................................................................. 4-1
Work Area ........................................................................................................ 4-1

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Feasibility Study of Bayangnyalo MHPP
Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera – 2013
Volume 1 Main Report

Scope of Works ............................................................................................... 4-1


Work Organisation ........................................................................................... 4-1
Personnel ................................................................................................. 4-1
Instruments ............................................................................................... 4-1
Implementation Period ..................................................................................... 4-1
Method of Works.............................................................................................. 4-1
Preparatory Works .................................................................................... 4-1
Bechmark Installation................................................................................ 4-1
Establishment of Measurement Reference Point ...................................... 4-1
Polygon Measurements (Traversing) ........................................................ 4-1
Leveling .................................................................................................... 4-1
Topographic/Detailed Situation Measurements ......................................... 4-1
Data Processing and Drawing................................................................... 4-1
Survey Results................................................................................................. 4-1
Measurement Results ............................................................................... 4-1
Topographic Maps .................................................................................... 4-1
Notes and Suggestions .................................................................................... 4-1
SECTION 5 GEOLOGY OF PROJECT AREA .............................................................. 5-1
Geology of Sumatera ....................................................................................... 5-1
Tectonics of Sumatera ..................................................................................... 5-1
Plate Tectonics ......................................................................................... 5-1
Plate Kinematics ....................................................................................... 5-1
Faults........................................................................................................ 5-1
Seismicity ........................................................................................................ 5-1
Seismicity in Indonesia ............................................................................. 5-1
Project Area Seismicity ............................................................................. 5-1
Design Earthquake Acceleration ............................................................... 5-1
Volcanology ..................................................................................................... 5-1
Regional Geology ............................................................................................ 5-1
Aluvium (Qal) ............................................................................................ 5-1
Inseparable Acid Volcanic Rocks (Qou) .................................................... 5-1
Oligo-Miocene Volcanic Rocks (Tomp) ..................................................... 5-1
Geological Structures................................................................................ 5-1
Geological Investigation Works ........................................................................ 5-1

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Feasibility Study of Bayangnyalo MHPP
Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera – 2013
Volume 1 Main Report

Purposes ................................................................................................... 5-1


Scope of Works ......................................................................................... 5-1
Methodology ............................................................................................. 5-1
Results ...................................................................................................... 5-1
Analysis of Investigation Results ............................................................... 5-1
SECTION 6 FLOW AVAILABILITY ............................................................................... 6-1
Introduction ...................................................................................................... 6-1
Data Obtained .................................................................................................. 6-1
Maps ......................................................................................................... 6-1
Rainfall Data ............................................................................................. 6-1
Climatological Data ................................................................................... 6-1
Stream Data .............................................................................................. 6-1
Watershed........................................................................................................ 6-1
Geographic Location ................................................................................. 6-1
Topography ............................................................................................... 6-1
Rivers........................................................................................................ 6-1
Land Uses ................................................................................................. 6-1
Rainfall ...................................................................................................... 6-1
Geology .................................................................................................... 6-1
Water Use ................................................................................................. 6-1
Estimation of Flow Availability .......................................................................... 6-1
Method ...................................................................................................... 6-1
Availability of Data..................................................................................... 6-1
Estimation of Watershed Parameters ........................................................ 6-1
Estimation of Watershed Rainfall .............................................................. 6-1
Estimation of Actual Evapotranspiration .................................................... 6-1
Simulation Using Rainfall-Runoff Model .................................................... 6-1
SECTION 7 DEVELOPMENT SCALE FORMULATIONS ............................................. 7-1
Introduction ...................................................................................................... 7-1
Methodology .................................................................................................... 7-1
Steps of Discharge Optimization ............................................................... 7-1
Preliminary Design .................................................................................... 7-1
Project Cost Estimate ................................................................................ 7-1
Estimation of Installed Capacity and Energy ............................................. 7-1

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Feasibility Study of Bayangnyalo MHPP
Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera – 2013
Volume 1 Main Report

Discharge Optimization .................................................................................... 7-1


Layout and Project Elements .................................................................... 7-1
Plant Parameters ...................................................................................... 7-1
Financial Parameters ................................................................................ 7-1
Risk Levels ............................................................................................... 7-1
Outputs ..................................................................................................... 7-1
Evaluation and Conclusions ............................................................................. 7-1
SECTION 8 BASIC DESIGN ........................................................................................ 8-1
General ............................................................................................................ 8-1
Design Parameters .......................................................................................... 8-1
Design Discharges.................................................................................... 8-1
Material ..................................................................................................... 8-1
Soil Parameters ........................................................................................ 8-1
Bearing Capacity of Foundation ................................................................ 8-1
Design Criteria ................................................................................................. 8-1
Loads........................................................................................................ 8-1
Soil Pressure ............................................................................................ 8-1
Open Water Pressure ............................................................................... 8-1
Weir Stability ............................................................................................. 8-1
Retaining Wall Stability ............................................................................. 8-1
Slope Stability ........................................................................................... 8-1
Reinforced Concrete ................................................................................. 8-1
Hydraulic Design of Weir Spillway ............................................................ 8-1
Energy Dissipator of Weir Spillway ........................................................... 8-1
Hydraulic Design of Slide Gate ................................................................. 8-1
Hydraulic Design of Chuteway .................................................................. 8-1
Hydraulic Design of Headrace Channel .................................................... 8-1
Design of Settling Basin ............................................................................ 8-1
Design of Headpond ................................................................................. 8-1
Basic Design of Civil and Metal Works ............................................................. 8-1
Plant Layout.............................................................................................. 8-1
Weir .......................................................................................................... 8-1
Intake........................................................................................................ 8-1
Settling Basin ............................................................................................ 8-1

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Feasibility Study of Bayangnyalo MHPP
Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera – 2013
Volume 1 Main Report

Headrace Channel .................................................................................... 8-1


Headpond ................................................................................................. 8-1
Penstock ................................................................................................... 8-1
Powerhouse .............................................................................................. 8-1
Access Road ............................................................................................. 8-1
Basic Design of Mechanical Equipment ........................................................... 8-1
Turbine...................................................................................................... 8-1
Inlet Valve ................................................................................................. 8-1
Overhead Travelling Crane ....................................................................... 8-1
Basic Design of Electrical Equipment ............................................................... 8-1
Applied Standards ..................................................................................... 8-1
Generator .................................................................................................. 8-1
Transformers............................................................................................. 8-1
Switchgear ................................................................................................ 8-1
Sinchronization Panel ............................................................................... 8-1
Battery ...................................................................................................... 8-1
Interconection with Existing Electricity System .......................................... 8-1
Transaction Metering Panel ...................................................................... 8-1
Control, Measurement and Communication Systems ....................................... 8-1
Control System ......................................................................................... 8-1
Measurement System/Instrumentation ...................................................... 8-1
Communication System ............................................................................ 8-1
SECTION 9 ESTIMATED PROJECT COST AND ENERGY PRODUCTION ................ 9-1
Estimated Project Cost ..................................................................................... 9-1
Steps of Project Cost Estimation ............................................................... 9-1
Bill of Quantity Calculation ........................................................................ 9-1
Material Price, Wage and Equipment Cost Data ....................................... 9-1
Unit Price Analysis .................................................................................... 9-1
Estimated Project Cost .............................................................................. 9-1
Estimated Energy Production ........................................................................... 9-1
Estimated Availability of River Flow ........................................................... 9-1
Estimated Heads ....................................................................................... 9-1
Estimated Plant Efficiency ......................................................................... 9-1
Estimated Installed Capacity ..................................................................... 9-1

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Feasibility Study of Bayangnyalo MHPP
Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera – 2013
Volume 1 Main Report

Estimated Potentially Generated Energy .................................................. 9-1


Estimated Unsalable Energy ..................................................................... 9-1
Conclusions .............................................................................................. 9-1
SECTION 10 FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS ..................................................... 10-1
Economic vs Financial Feasibilities ................................................................ 10-1
Financial Analysis Parameters ....................................................................... 10-1
Investment Scheme ....................................................................................... 10-1
Financial Components of Investments ........................................................... 10-1
Project Costs .......................................................................................... 10-1
Operation and Maintenance Costs .......................................................... 10-1
Revenues ............................................................................................... 10-1
Escallation of Costs and Revenues......................................................... 10-1
Construction Period and Economic Lifetime of Investment ............................ 10-1
Construction Period ................................................................................ 10-1
Economic Lifetime of Investment ............................................................ 10-1
Financial Feasibility Analysis ......................................................................... 10-1
Conclusions ................................................................................................... 10-1
SECTION 11 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................... 11-1
Conclusions ................................................................................................... 11-1
Recommendations ......................................................................................... 11-1

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