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 BRITISH ENGLISH (BrE)- is the form of English

used in the United Kingdom. It includes all


English dialects used within the United
Kingdom
 AMERICAN ENGLISH (AmE)- )- is the form of
English used in the United States. It includes
all English dialects used within the United
States.
 Know the difference of American English from
British English;
 Know the importance of learning or being
familiar to both Englishes;
 American and British vocabulary and spelling
differences ;
 Example of spelling differences in medical
terms.
 What do you know about American and
British English?
 What American and British words are you
familiar with?
AMERICAN BRITISH

Acetaminophen/
tylenol

Elastoplast (trademark)

elevator

candy

celphone
AMERICAN BRITISH

ALUMINUM ALUMINIUM
BABY CARRIAGE, STROLLER PRAM, PUSHCHAIR, BAGGY
DIAPER NAPPY
DRUGSTORE CHEMIST OR “CORNER SHOP”
EGGPLANT AUBERGINE
FRENCH FRIES CHIPS
GARBAGE RUBBISH
GASOLINE PETROL
PACIFIER DUMMY, COMFORTER
SCOTCHTAPE SELLOTAPE
Some things to think about:
 There are some well-known spelling
differences between British English and
American English.
 Many of these spelling differences result
from French influence on English.
 British English has a tendency to keep the
spelling of many words of French origin.
 Americans try to spell words more closely to
the way they sound phonetically and they
tend to omit some letters.
 armour - armor
 behaviour- behavior
 colour- color
 favourite- favorite
 flavour- flavor
 harbour- harbor
 honour- honor
 humour- humor
 labour- labor
 neighbour- neighbor
 rumour- rumor
 saviour -savior
 amphitheatre- amphitheater
 centimetre- centimeter
 centre- center
 fibre- fiber
 kilometre- kilometer
 litre- liter
 lustre- luster
 louvre- louver
 manoeuvre- maneuver
 metre- meter
 spectre- specter
 theatre- theater
 archaeology- archeology
 gynaecology- gynecology
 leukaemia- leukemia
 manoeuvre- maneuver
 mediaeval- medieval
 mementoes- mementos
 oestrogen- estrogen
 orthopaedic- orthopedic
 paediatric- pediatric
 palaeontology- paleontology
 toxaemia- toxemia
 analyse- analyze
 apologise- apologize
 appetiser -appetizer
 catalyse- catalyze
 civilise-civilisation civilize- civilization
 colonise- colonisation colonize- colonization
 criticise- criticize
 emphasise- emphasize
 organise- organize
 popularise- popularisation popularize- popularization
 prise- prize
 realise- realize
 recognise- recognize
 enrolment- enrollment
 fulfil- fulfill
 instalment- installment
 skilful- skillful
 analogue- analog
 catalogue- catalog
 dialogue- dialog
 monologue- monolog
 defence* defense
 Licence(BrE) (both noun and verb)
 License(AmE) ( (both noun and verb)
 offence* offense
 pretence pretense
 *Additional notes:
 :: British English uses both "-ise" and "-ize"
forms but tends to prefer -ise (-isation) form.
 :: Verbs in British English that can be spelled
with either "-ize" or "-ise" at the end are
always spelled with -ize in American English.
 :: Verbs in British English that end in "-yse"
(e.g. analyse) are always spelled "-yze" in
American English (analyze).
 judgement- judgment
 arguement- argument
 banque- bank
 cheque (money)- check
programme- program
gramme- gram
kilogramme-kilogram
 ageing aging mould mold
 aluminium aluminum mum, mumm y (mom, mam)
mom, mommy
 encyclopaedia encyclopedia omelette omelet
 kerb (edge of roadway or pavement) curb (verb
means "restrain") curb (both
 noun and verb) practise (verb), practising, practice
(noun) practice (both
 noun and verb), practicing
 pyjamas pajamas
 grey gray plough plow
 sulphur or sulfur sulfurtyre tire
 jewellery jewelery sceptic skeptic
 marvellous marvelous woollen woolen
American British
gynecology gynaecology
leukemia leukaemia
maneuver manoeuvre
estrogen oestrogen
orthopedic orthopaedic
pediatric paediatric
toxemia toxaemia
American British
 anemia - anaemia
 behavior - behaviour
 celiac disease - coeliac disease
 diarrhea - diarrhoea
 esophagitis - oesophagitis
 esophagus - oesophagus
 fetal - foetal
 gastro-esophageal reflux - gastro-
oesophageal reflux
American- British

 gerd (gastro-esophageal reflux disease) -


gord (gastro-oesophageal reflux disease)
 hemangioma - haemangioma
 hemoglobin - haemoglobin
 hydrocele - hydrocoele
 immunization - immunisation
 leukemia - leukaemia
 mucus - mucous
American- British

 nevus - naevus
 pediatrician - paediatrician
 pediatrics - paediatrics
 septicemia - septicaemia
 thalassemia - thalassaemia
 thrombocytopenia - thrombocytopaenia
 tumor - tumour
American- British

 hydrocele -hydrocoele
 immunization-immunisation
 leukemia-leukaemia
 mucus-mucous
 nevus-naevus
 esophagitis-oesophagitis
American- British

 esophagus- oesophagus
 pediatrician-paediatrician
 pediatrics-paediatrics
 septicemia-septicaemia
 thalassemia-thalassaemia
 thrombocytopenia-thrombocytopaenia
 tumor-tumour
*It is useful to learn both British and
American English forms, but a good
recommendation is to aim for consistency in
your spelling.
source: www.studyenglishtoday.net/british-
american-spelling.html

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