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DR AZITA BINTI ALI

FAKULTI PENDIDIKAN TEKNIKAL DAN VOKASIONAL


Output Devices

What is Output?

Output is data that has been processed into a
useful form.

That is, a computer process input into output

Computer generate several types of output,
depending on the hardware and software being
used and the requirements of the user

ICT Tools: Output Devices


Output devices
 After processing the inputted data, the computer
will give its output. This output can be in two
different formats:
 Hardcopy

 Softcopy
Types of Output

Hard copy
Output on a tangible (something you can touch) such
as a printer printout. Printed on paper or other
permanent media.

• Soft copy
Displayed on screen or by other non-permanent
means. Visual (monitor) or Sound (speakers)

ICT Tools: Output Devices


Four Common types of Output

 Text- consist of character that are used to create words, sentences and
paragraphs

 Graphics- digital representative of non text information such as


drawings, charts, and photographs

 Audio- is music, speed or any other sound. Recall that sound waves, such
as the human voice or music, are analog. To store such sounds, a
computer converts the sounds from a continuous analog signal into
digital format

 Video consist of image are played back at speeds that provide the
appearance of full motion. A video capture card converts an analog
video signal into a digital signal that a computer can understand and
converts the digital signal back into analog signal.
Display Devices
What is a display device?

 Output device that


visually conveys
information
 Information on display
device sometimes
called soft copy
 Monitor houses
display device as
separate peripheral
VISUAL DISPLAY UNIT
2) Colour
1) Monochrome uses more than one type of
This type of display uses only colour and is generally
one type of colour or a called RGB monitors, stand
greyscale. for Red, Green and Blue
and a combination of these
colours are used to display
the image on the monitor.
Colour monitors can display
range from 16 to 16.7
million colours
Output devices
Examples of Output Devices

1) Monitor
This is the most common output device.

ICT Tools: Output Devices


Monitors (Cont)

LCD
LED

OLED
CRT
Monitors (Cont)
CRT LCD LED OLED
•Cathode Ray Tube •Liquid Crystal •Light Emitting Diode •Organic Light-
•Less Expensive Display •More energy emitting Diode
•Use much more space •More expensive efficient •Use organic
•Uses more energy •Uses far less space •Better color accuracy compound to produce
•Better viewing angles •More energy
•Legacy technology efficient •Thinner panels light when exposed to
•Less viewable from an electric current
an angle •Do not require
backlight therefore
draw less power
•Much thinner (3mm)
•More brig
•significantly
improved color
accuracy
CRT Monitor
What is a CRT monitor?
 Contains cathode-ray
tube (CRT)
 Screen coated with tiny
dots of phosphor material
 Each dot consists of a red, blue, and
green phosphor
 Common sizes are 15, 17,
19, 21, and 22 inches
 Viewable size is diagonal
measurement of actual viewing area

Next
Monitors (Cont)
CRT Monitor
What is the ENERGY STAR program?
 Encourages manufacturers to create energy-efficient
devices that require little power when not in use
 Monitors and devices meeting guidelines display
ENERGY STAR label

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Flat-Panel Displays
What is a flat panel display?
 Uses liquid crystal display
 Also called LCD monitor
 Takes up less desk space
than CRT monitor
 Consumes less than
one-third the power

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Flat-Panel Displays
What about using multiple LCD monitors?
 Some users position
two or more monitors
side by side or stacked
 Allows users to run
multiple applications
simultaneously

Next
Flat-Panel Displays
What are some mobile devices that have LCD screens?
 Notebooks
 Tablet PCs
 PDAs
 Smart phones

Next
Flat-Panel Displays
What is an electronic book (e-book)?
 Small, book-sized computer that uses LCD screen
 Allows users to read, save, highlight, bookmark, and
add notes to online text
 Download new book content from Web

p. 300 Next
Flat-Panel Displays
What is a gas plasma monitor?
 Displays image by applying voltage to layer of gas
 Larger screen size and higher display quality than LCD, but
much more expensive

Next
MONITOR QUALITY

1. Size
Desktop screens are usually 14 – 19 inches by diagonal
measurement. (This is how TV screens are measured, too.) Larger
sizes are available, at a significantly higher cost.

ICT Tools: Output Devices


2. Resolution- Sharpness and clarify relate directly to the
number of pixels it can display
Determines how clear and detailed the image is.
Pictures on a screen are made up of tiny dots.
1 dot on screen = 1 pixel. The more pixels per inch, the
clearer and more detailed the picture.
A screen with 640X480 (pronounced 640 by 480)
resolution. It can display 640 columns and 480 rows of
pixels .
 A monitor with a higher resolution displays a greater
number of pixels, which provide smoother image
Monitors (Cont)
Monitors (Cont)

 3. dot pitch
 Measure of image clarify
 Is the vertical distance between each pixels on a
monitor.
 The smaller the distance between the pixels, the
sharper the displays image.
Monitors (Cont)
Video cards
 To display color, a color monitor works in combinations with a
video cards.
 A video card also called graphics card or video adapter.
 Converts digital output into an analog video signal that is
sent through a cable to the monitor.
 The monitor separates the video signal into red, green and
blue signals.
 Video RAM (VRAM) and Dynamic RAM (DRAM) to improves
the quality of graphics.
Examples of Output Devices

2. Printer
The job of a printer is to put on paper what you see on
your monitor. How easy this is to do and how successfully it
is done determines whether or not you are happy with your
printer choice.
produces text and graphics on a physical medium such as
paper or transparency film

ICT Tools: Output Devices


Printer Features

Printer Resolution
Resolutions measured in dots per inch (dpi). This determines how smooth a diagonal
line the printer can produce. A resolution of 300 dpi will produce text that shows
jagged edges only under a magnifying glass. A lower resolution than this will
produce text with stair-step edges, especially at large sizes. Even higher resolutions
are needed to get smooth photo reproduction. Professionals in graphics use 1200
to 2400 dpi printers.

ICT Tools: Output Devices


Printers
What is the resolution of a printer?
 Sharpness and clarity
 Measured by number of dots per inch (dpi) printer
can output

p. 306 Fig. 6-20 Next


Printers
How do you know which printer to buy?
 Depends on printing needs

Color or
Budget Speed
black and white

Graphics Paper types


Cost per page Photo printing
capability and sizes

System Wireless
Future needs
compatibility capability

Next
Impact Printer
 Impact printers
have tiny hammer-
like keys that strike
the paper through
an inked ribbon,
thus making a mark
on the paper
(similar to the action
of a typewriter)
 The most common
impact printer is the
dot-matrix printer.
IMPACT PRINTERS
 Dot matrix printers  Line printers
 Produces printed  High speed impact
images when tiny wire printer that print an
pins on a print head entire line at a time.
mechanism strikes and The speed of a printer is measured
inked carbon. in:
– cps – characters per second
 When the ribbon – lpm – lines per minute
pressed again the – ppm – pages per minute
paper, it creates dots
that form character and The faster the printing, the more
graphics expensive the printer.
Printers
What is a dot-matrix printer?
 Impact printer that produces printed images
when tiny wire pins strike ribbon
 Impact printer forms
characters by striking
mechanism against inked
ribbon that contacts paper

p. 304 Fig. 6-17


Printers
What is a line printer?

 High-speed impact
printer that prints entire
line
at a time
 Speed measured in lines
per minute (lpm)
 Band printer prints fully
formed characters using a hammer
mechanism
 Shuttle-matrix printer is high-speed
printer that works like dot-matrix
printer

p. 304 Fig. 6-18 Net


LINE PRINTERS

Example: Braille Printer


Output Devices for Physically Challenged Users
What other output options are available for visually impaired
users?
 Change Window settings,
such as increasing size or
changing color of text to
make words easier to read

 Blind users can work with


voice output
 Braille printer outputs
information in Braille
onto paper
Non-impact printer

 Forms characters and graphics on a piece of


paper without actually striking the paper.
 Some spray ink, while others use heat and
pressure to create images.
 Because these printers do not strike the paper,
Much quieter that impact printer
Non-impact printer
 Ink Jet
 Less expensive device
 Full color printing
 Slower in pages per
minute (PPM)

 Laser
 More expensive device
 Black and White (Color lasers
are very expensive)
 Faster in PPM
Printers
What is an ink-jet printer?
 A type of nonimpact printer that
sprays tiny drops of liquid ink
onto paper
 Nonimpact printer forms characters and
graphics without striking paper
 Prints in black-and-white or color
on a variety of paper types

Next
Printers
What is a laser printer?
 High-speed, high-quality
nonimpact printer
 Prints text and graphics in very
high-quality resolution,
ranging from 600 to 2,400 dpi
 Typically costs more than
ink-jet printer, but is much
faster

p. 309 Fig. 6-23 Next


Printers
What is a mobile printer?
 Small, lightweight, battery-powered printer that allows
mobile user to print from notebook computer, Tablet
PC, or PDA while traveling

Next
Printers
What is a thermal printer?
 Generates images by pushing electrically heated pins
against heat-sensitive paper
 Dye-sublimation printer, (also called a digital photo printer) uses heat to transfer
dye to specially coated paper

home use

professional

p. 310 Fig. 6-25 Next


Printers
What is a label printer?
 Small printer that prints on adhesive-type material
 Most also print bar codes
 Postage printer has built-in digital scale and prints
postage stamps

p. 311 Fig. 6-27 Next


Printers
What is a photo printer?
 Color printer that produces photo-lab-quality pictures
Step 1. Take photograph with
digital camera and store it on
media card in the camera.
Step 2. Insert
media card into
media card card reader on
photo
printer photo printer.
media cards

Step 3. Use menu to


select desired image to
print, view it on LCD
screen, edit if necessary,
select size of the print,
and then print image.

Step 4. Remove printed photo


from the printer. Next
Printers
What is wireless printing?
 Bluetooth printing uses radio waves
 Devices need to be within 30-foot range
 Output transmitted to printer wirelessly via
infrared
light waves or radio waves
SPECIALTY PRINTER
 Plotter
 printing device for
printing vector
graphics
 used in applications
such as computer-
aided design
 Plotters differ from
printers in that they
draw lines using a
pen
 used in engineering
applications where
precision is
mandatory.
PLOTTER

 The plotter uses pens to write on paper and is


usually used for engineering drawings. There are
two types of plotters
1) Flatbed Plotter – This uses a flat paper which is
fixed, and pens (or styluses) that move on it draw
the required design.
FLATBED PLOTTER
PLOTTERS
2. Drum Plotter – Here
the paper moves
along a drum
vertically while pens
move side to side
horizontally.
DRUM PLOTTER
Daisy Wheel Printers
 This type of printer is rarely used any more since
new printer technology, which is more efficient
and economic, has been discovered. The
principle of this type of printer is that number
and letter are each situated on metal leafs as
shown.
 These leafs make part of the daisy wheel. In
order to print, the daisy wheel rotates while a
hammer will strike each character, which will
make contact with the printer ribbon and the
paper.
Speakers and Headsets
What is an audio output device?
 Computer component that produces music, speech, or
other sounds
 Speakers and headsets are common devices

Next
Speakers and Headsets
What is voice output?
 Computer talks to you through speakers on computer
 Internet telephony allows you to have conversation
over Web

p. 314 Fig. 6-32 Next


SOUND CARDS AND SPEAKER
 These devices are used to
produce sound from the computer
system. The soundcard is a card
installed in the tower case of the
computer. Its role is to convert the
signal coming out of the
computer to a format that can be
reproduced by the external
speakers.
Other Peripherals

 Facsimile machine
 Isa devices that
transmits and receives
document over
telephone lines.
 Text, drawing,
photographs or
handwritten
Other Output Devices
What is a fax modem?
 Modem that allows you to send and receive electronic
documents as faxes internal fax card
in system unit
external fax
modem

fax machine
Other Output Devices
What is a multifunction peripheral?
 Provides functionality
of printer, scanner,
copy machine, and
fax machine

p. 316 Fig. 6-35 Next


Other Output Devices
What is a data projector?
 Device that takes image
from computer screen
and projects it onto
larger screen