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McKinna Cobb

ISM- Period 7

“Healthy Schools.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and

Prevention, 29 Jan. 2018, www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/obesity/facts.htm.

• In the United States, the percentage of obesity has almost tripled since the 1970s
• 1/5 children (ages 3-19) suffer from childhood obesity
• Obesity is classified as having excess body fat
• CDC recommends health professionals to use BMI when taking peoples (2-20) height
and weight
• Health professionals use charts to determine if a young person’s weight is healthy for
their height, age, and gender
• If you exceed the 85th percentile but fall underneath the 95th percentile, health
professionals will consider you overweight, not obese, and will start discussing how to
fall back into the “healthy” weight range
• If you are at the 95th percentile or higher, then health professionals will consider you
obese and will begin taking drastic measures to help you fall into a normal weight range
• Children diagnosed with obesity are at higher risk of being diagnosed with other chronic
illnesses, such as asthma, sleep apnea, bone and joint problems, type 1 and type 2
diabetes, and are at high risk for heart disease
• BMI measures a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of a person’s height
in meters
• BMI takes into account how young a person is and that they are still growing
• BMI also considers a person’s gender
• Kids with higher metabolism have less of a risk of getting obese
• Changes in an environment can make it easier for child to gain and maintain a healthy
weight

This was a highly credible and informational document about how BMI can be used to
determine whether a child is eligible to be classified as obese or just overweight.
McKinna Cobb

ISM- Period 7

Whiteman, Honor. “Childhood Obesity: Is It Being Taken Seriously?” Medical News Today,

MediLexi International, 30 July 2014, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/280370.php.

• Childhood obesity is NOT a cosmetic issue


• Children and parents have begun to take the same amount of medication to manage their
blood pressure and cholesterol
• Obesity has over doubled in children
• Obesity has over quadrupled in adolescents
• A survey of 5-17 year old’s found that at least 70% of these children are at risk to be
diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease
• Childhood obesity can and will persist into adulthood
• If obesity persists it will place an economic strain on our country
• Concern led to public health concern led by Michelle Obama
• If your BMI raises above 95% you are considered obese
• If your BMI is over 85% you are considered overweight
• Lifestyle changes over the years has caused a climb in childhood obesity
• In the past children used to eat one- two snacks a day. Today children eat six- seven
snacks a day
• Portion sizes have gone up by 30%
• Childs calorie intake from sugary drinks rose by 60% since 1989
• Physical activity reduced by 30%
• Children now spend an average of 7.5 hours a day on electronics
• Experts believe obesity is a mix of unhealthy diets and a lack of exercise
• 62% of parents that have obese children view their child as having a healthy weight and
don’t encourage them to try ad fix the problem
• Parents are the best advocates for their children
• Schools are supposed to limit calories based on a student’s age, but that hasn’t been
happening

This article talks about the extreme measures health care experts are encouraging communities to
take to ensure that obesity becomes less of a prevalent problem and ensure that it doesn’t begin
to affect the way our society runs.
McKinna Cobb

ISM- Period 7

Ayine, Priscilla, et al. “Influence of Race, Ethnicity, and Behavioral Factors on Childhood

Obesity.” Diabetes, American Diabetes Association, 1 July 2018,

diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/67/Supplement_1/2083-P.

• In the United States alone, around 12.7 million children suffer from the outbreaking
epidemic being classified as childhood obesity
• 35.5% of children in Alabama suffer from childhood obesity
• Due to the high percentage of obese children, Alabama is ranked the 6th highest state in
terms of childhood obesity
• Factors that contribute to childhood obesity include but are not limited too insufficient
sleep (don’t give your metabolism a chance to keep up with the rest of your body), eating
dinner late at night (causing the children to be at higher risk of indulging themselves with
snacks throughout the day), and long television exposure/ screen time (basically idle time
where children are left to their own devices and choose to do something unproductive).
• More African American children suffer from childhood obesity as opposed to their white
counterparts (or any other race)
• Childhood obesity is found to be prevalent in 23.8% of African American children
• Childhood obesity is found to be prevalent in only 13.1% of white or European children
currently residing in the United States.

Summary: This source went through an extremely in-depth test about what factors contribute to
African American children being diagnosed with childhood obesity opposed to any other race in
the United States, and the results given were proven to be very clear on what measures parents
can afford to take to help reduce the risk their child has of being diagnosed with childhood
obesity.