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Kenton Dechant, P.Eng.

Quality Manager TEL: +001(780) 980-001


Bri-Chem Steel Corporation FAX: +001(780) 980-019
3707 - 75 Avenue CELL: +001(780) 953-00
Last Updated: 2009 Oct 20 Leduc AB T9E 0K3 kdechant@brichemsteel.

CSA
Carbon Equivalent CSA Z245.1-07 %C F
Carbon Equivalent CSA Z245.11-05 0.00 0.53
Carbon Equivalent CSA Z245.12-05 0.06 0.54
Assumed Value Factor Factored Weight Weighted 0.07 0.56
C 0.00 /1 0.000 x1 0.000 0.08 0.58
Mn 0.00 /6 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.09 0.62
Si 0.30 0.00 /24 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.10 0.66
Cu 0.010* 0.000 /15 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.11 0.70
Ni 0.010 0.000 /20 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.12 0.75
Cr 0.010 0.000 /5 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.13 0.80
Mo 0.010 0.000 /5 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.14 0.85
V 0.005 0.000 /5 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.15 0.88
Nb 0.005 0.000 /5 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.16 0.92
B 0.0005 0.000 x5 0.000 x0.53 0.000 0.17 0.94
Ti 0.010 0.000 - 0.00 CE 0.18 0.96
S 0.030 0.000 - 0.19 0.97
P 0.030 0.000 - 0.20 0.98
*assume 0.2 for recycled steel 0.21 0.99
0.22 1.00

Other measurables: DesiredExplanation (also click on the hyperlinks)


Manganese / Carbon Ratio High C and low Mn (i.e., a low Mn/C ratio) result in a lower CVN transition temper
#DIV/0! >2.5 For -30°C, use Mn:C of 2.5 or higher For -60°C, use Mn:C of 4.5 or higher

Manganese / Sulfur Ratio Mn binds up residual S, so that the S doesn't form FeS, which causes the steel to
#DIV/0! >20 loses ductility and may have hot shortness.

Manganese / Silicon Ratio a Mn / Si ratio less than 8:1 may make ERW pipe strip more prone to liquidity defe
#DIV/0! <8

Nickel/Copper Ratio a Ni / Cu ratio of 1:3 reduces the likelihood of copper hot-shortness upon hot work
#DIV/0! >0.33 This is only a concern if the product remains at the hot-working temperature for a

V, Nb or Ti above 0.03%? If these elements are above 0.03%, then they are likely intentional microalloy add
Microalloyed - If they are not stated on the MTR, but the strength seems abnormally high, microa
TEL: +001(780) 980-0015
FAX: +001(780) 980-0196
Carbon Equivalent Enter data into the yel
CELL: +001(780) 953-0093
kdechant@brichemsteel.com
Calculator
IIW
Carbon Equivalent (IIW)
Pcm
Carbon Equivalent (Pcm)
Carbon Equivalent ASTM A106 Supplementary S6 Carbon Equivalent API 5L if %C i
Carbon Equivalent API 5L if %C is less than 0.12
Carbon Equivalent NACE RP0472 / NACE 8X194 Assumed Value
C
Assumed Value Factor Factored Mn
C 0.00 /1 0.000 Si 0.30
Mn 0.00 /6 0.000 Cu 0.010
Cu 0.010 0.000 /15 0.000 Ni 0.010
Ni 0.010 0.000 /15 0.000 Cr 0.010
Cr 0.010 0.000 /5 0.000 Mo 0.010
Mo 0.010 0.000 /5 0.000 V 0.005
V 0.005 0 /5 0.000 B 0.0005
0.00 CE

wer CVN transition temperature For explanation of alloying content, see


, use Mn:C of 4.5 or higher http://www.metallurgvanadium.com/contents.html
You have to fill out the registration form, but
, which causes the steel to be brittle, I've never received any spam from these guys
and the content is excellent

more prone to liquidity defects

ot-shortness upon hot working of carbon steels.


-working temperature for a significant amount of time.

y intentional microalloy additions.


ms abnormally high, microalloying may be the cause.
Enter data into the yellow cells

quivalent (Pcm)
quivalent API 5L if %C is greater than or equal to 0.12

Factor Factored
0.00 /1 0.000
0.00 /20 0.000
0.00 /30 0.000
0.000 /20 0.000
0.000 /60 0.000
0.000 /20 0.000
0.000 /15 0.000
0 /10 0.000
0.0005 x5 0.003
0.00 CE