Anda di halaman 1dari 5

MBA 232: Individual and Group Behavior in Organizations

Research Based Assignment CIA-1

Submitted By
Ayushi Srivastava

REGISTRATION NUMBER
1827232
MBA-C

Submitted to
PROF. Aruna Bala

Institute of Management
CHRIST (DEEMED TO BE UNIVERSITY) , BENGALURU
Articles Reviewed:
1. Abhijeet Rawal & Sneha Mhatre. (2015). A STUDY ON WORK STRESS AND ITS
IMPACTS ON EMPLOYEE’S PRODUCTIVITY WITH RESPECT TO TEACHER’S
(SELF FINANCING).IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), ISSN:
2278487X.
2. P.V. Suresh Babu& S. Balakrishna (2017), IMPACT OF STRESS ON IT
PROFESSIONALS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY- A SELECT
STUDY, International Journal of Human Resource & Industrial Research, ISSN: 2349 –3593
(online), ISSN: 2349 –4816 (print), Vol.4, (Issue2, Feb-2017), pp 32-41.
3. Rashmi Hunnur, M.M.Bagali, & S Sudarshan. (2014). WORKPLACE STRESS – CAUSES
OF WORK PLACE STRESS IN POLICE DEPARTMENT: A PROPOSAL FOR
STRESS FREE WORKPLACE. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM),
16(3), ISSN: 2278-487X, pp 39-47.

Write up based on review of above articles:


1. A STUDY ON WORK STRESS AND ITS IMPACTS ON EMPLOYEE’S PRODUCTIVITY
WITH RESPECT TO TEACHER’S (SELF FINANCING)
The article starts by describing the generic types of stress and what are the common ways that
people get it. The data has been collected via primary and secondary sources. The daily life of
individuals is multidimensional and they need to confront enormous challenges in their day to day
schedule regardless to examine, work, family, peer weight, day by day target and so forth. It might
be little things, for example, getting stuck in traffic, stress because of death of a spouse, etc. Stress
can be seen at different levels in the organization i.e. Individual, Group, Organization which can
force employees to change the pattern of behavior. The objectives of this study were: to consider
the reasons of stress in the school lecturers, to examine the effect of job stress on teachers’
execution and efficiency, to comprehend the side effects of overburden on teachers in schools& to
recommend some suggestions for dealing with stress for lecturers in universities. The article enlists
numerous causes, symptoms & impacts of stress.
This research article wants to get to the bottom of reasons of stress among teachers and the
routes/strategies to adapt to the pressure produced at workplaces and its effect on them. It also
centers around employee’s attitude and behavior towards efficiency which gets influenced because
of such kinds of stress.
The study shows that stress level was found to be high in females if classified on the basis of gender.
Moreover, the stress level is high in private institutions rather than public ones. Employees feel
stressed due to the family related stress also. It is felt by the employees that the strategies they use
in schools/colleges to reduce stress is effective. After everything said and done, the bottom line is
that despite of huge stress in organizations, they manage to balance their social life with it.

2. IMPACT OF STRESS ON IT PROFESSIONALS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY


INDUSTRY- A SELECT STUDY
This research article is a systematic & observational investigation in view of IT experts in India.
The example was drawn from top seven IT companies of India. The paper mentions that a total of
700 questionnaires (100 questionnaires to each IT company) were distributed. Data collected was
in the grouping of gender, age, education, marital status, spouse occupation, family size, annual
income, work experience & working hours. The occupational stress of IT professionals was
analyzed by using their self-assessment on factors like –
Stresses and habitual changes: The overall mean came out to be 2.75 for stress and habitual
changes scale. This clarified that the respondents lean toward family and companions as pressure
relievers than cigarettes and alcohol.
Stress Related Behavior: The respondents do not wish to spend overtime at workplace. Most of the
respondents agreed that people notice their stress easily (mean=3.29).
Self-Analysis: It was noticed that the respondents were not satisfied with their present enjoyment
in life. The overall mean is 2.92 for self-analysis scale which indicates that the stress level of the
respondents was neither at low level nor at high level.
Routine Hassles at Work: It may be induced that continuous learning i.e. refreshing the range of
abilities is a major source of pressure factor for IT experts. Its idea work is requesting experts to be
multi-talented, imaginative and to work faster with deadlines. In spite of the fact that the physical
endeavors are less, the psychological endeavors are high which is making IT experts more stressful
in playing out their activity related tasks.
The findings of the paper are that routine hassle at work is the biggest contributor for their
occupational stress for the respondents. The study found no significant relationship of gender and
marital status on occupational stress. The study found a significant relationship with occupational
stress w.r.t.age, education, experience, working hours and income was found through z test and
analysis of variance.

3. WORKPLACE STRESS – CAUSES OF WORK PLACE STRESS IN POLICE


DEPARTMENT: A PROPOSAL FOR STRESS FREE WORKPLACE
The article mentions that the job of a policeman is a stressful one. According to National Police
Suicide Foundation, every 22 hours, a police officer in America commit suicide. This leads to a
conclusion that police officers are not able to cope well with job-related stress. Policemen in India
don’t have weekend holidays or even occasional holidays. Instead they have to work even harder
on such days. Due to this, they don’t get the time to spend with their families which usually leads
to frustration. The article says that this frustration can give birth to stress or even depression in
worse cases. Thus, they may start to lose interest in their jobs. Out of 100 police men 80 of them
will be having procrastinating attitude, impatience, and irritability etc. which are the symptoms of
stress.
Recently, the suicide attempts are also on the rise in police department. This is caused by role
overload, role conflict, role ambiguity, poor peer relations, low status etc. This article aims to grow
more fitting procedures to adapt to work environment push and that these could be joined into an
all the more completely coordinated arrangement of human asset approaches for better execution
of police office in the investigation locale. The study explores the occupational stress in detail. It
demonstrates that night shifts in particular have a high tendency of adverse reaction towards the
health of the employee. Likewise, approximately 20 percent of night shift workers have
experienced psycho-physiological dysfunctions, including heart diseases. A survey was circulated
to 60 respondents in Bagalkot area of Karnataka State, before the genuine examination initiated.
The recently made region, with a populace of around 18,90,826 (Censes 2011), was the
investigation region. The study was conducted in 4 districts of Karnataka i.e., Bagalkot, Bijapur,
Belgaum, and Dharwad. The total strength of HC and PC in four districts is 4013. Hence, the
sample size is 475. 11 dimensions were laid on the basis of which the tests were conducted. The
results indicate that the stress in police department among HC/PC is more mainly because of role
overload, unprofitability, under participation, powerlessness, unreasonable group & political
pressure, strenuous working conditions, & intrinsic impoverishment. Out of the 11 dimensions, 7
dimensions are causing high stress in police department. Those are role overload, unprofitability,
under participation, powerlessness, unreasonable group & political pressure, strenuous working
conditions, and intrinsic impoverishment.