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ANALISIS KUALITAS TANAH PERSAWAHAN PADA DAERAH INDUSTRI

BERDASARKAN PARAMETER FISIKA KIMIA DI KECAMATAN MUNCAR


KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI
Kharin Furaida Dwi Hafsari
Jurusan Biologi, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Malang
Email: sueb.fmipa@um.ac.id

Abstrak
Tanah merupakan suatu ekosistem tersendiri. Penurunan fungsi tanah dapat
menyebabkan terganggunya ekosistem di sekitarnya. Kualitas tanah menggambarkan
kesesuaian sifat-sifat fisik, kimia dan biologi. Sebagian besar daerah di kecamatan Muncar
Kabupaten Banyuwangi merupakan daerah pabrik industri. Hal ini menimbulkan berbagai
macam problema salah satunya mengenai pencemaran tanah di area persawahan daerah
industri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas tanah sawah area industri
berdasarkan parameter kimia di kecamatan Muncar Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Penelitian ini
menggunakan metode purposive sampling dengan 5 lokasi yang berbeda dan tiap lokasi
dilakukan 5 kali pengulangan. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran, didapatkan rerata pH sebesar
6,76, suhu 30,72 oC, dengan kesuburan tanah ideal dan rerata intensitas cahaya sebesar
1391983,501. Berdasarkan data yang telah diperoleh sesuai dengan parameter fisika dan
kimia, tanah sawah area industri di kecamatan Muncar Kabupaten Banyuwangi tergolong
rendah tingkat pencemarannya.
Kata kunci: Tanah, Pencemaran Tanah, Kualitas Tanah, Industri, Parameter Fisika Kimia
Abstract
Land is a separate ecosystem. Decreasing the function of the soil can cause disruption of the
surrounding ecosystem. Soil quality is able to describe the suitability of physical, chemical
and biological properties. Most areas in Muncar Subdistrict, Banyuwangi Regency are
industrial areas. This has led to various problems including the pollution of land in the rice
fields of industrial areas. This study aims to determine the quality of paddy fields in industrial
areas based on chemical parameters in Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency. This study
used a purposive sampling method with 5 different locations and each location was repeated
5 times. Based on the measurement results, the average pH was 6.76, the temperature was
30.72 oC, with soil fertility being IDEAL and the average light intensity of 1391983,501 lux.
Based on the data that has been obtained in accordance with the physical and chemical
parameters, the paddy fields of industrial areas in Muncar sub-district, Banyuwangi Regency
are classified as low in the level of pollution.
Keywords: Soil, Soil Pollution, Soil Quality, Industry, Chemical Physics Parameters