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SF6 insulated switch with integrated current and voltage

sensors for feeder automation applications

Types NXB_CS_ switch-disconnector and NXBD_CS_ double switch-disconnector

Product description 135 NX 1

Issued: 26.8.2003
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Version: A

Table of content:

1 Safety Instruction ................................................................................................ 3

2 System Description ............................................................................................. 4

3 Description of modules........................................................................................ 5

3.1 Functional modules ...............................................................................................................5

3.2 Switch-Disconnector Type Sectos NXB_ and NXBD_....................................................5

3.3 Sensors ...................................................................................................................................8

3.4 Junction box and cables.................................................................................................... 10

3.5 Distribution Terminal Unit DTU 131................................................................................. 10

3.6 Remote Monitoring and Control Unit REC 523 ............................................................. 13

4 Applications examples .......................................................................................15

4.1 Automatic line sectionalizer .............................................................................................. 15

4.2 Remote controllable switching point or normally open point with measurements ... 17

5 Communicati on..................................................................................................18

6 Ordering Information ..........................................................................................20

6.1 Delivery details for SECTOS sensors ............................................................................. 20

6.2 Delivery details for DTU 131............................................................................................. 21

6.3 Modules & Accessories ..................................................................................................... 22

7 Related documents ............................................................................................24

8 Standards .........................................................................................................24

Enclosure 1 25

135 NX 1 2
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

1 Safety Instruction

F Dangerous voltages can occur on the connectors, even though the


auxiliary voltage is disconnected

F The frame of the device has to be carefully earthed.

F National and local electrical safety regulations must always be


followed.

F Only a competent electrician is allowed to carry out the electrical


installation.

F
! Non-observance can result in death, personal injury, or substantial
property damage.

F Breaking the sealing tape will result in loss of warranty, and a proper
function of the product is no longer guaranteed.

135 NX 1 3
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

2 System Description

In General
The most important development drivers in the network operating companies are reducing the costs of
outages and maintenance. Feeder Automation products are powerful tools for improving customer service
and reducing operation costs. Feeder Automation products and system solutions can be incrementally
integrated and scaled within existing utility feeder infrastructures.

ABB has developed a complete solution for feeder automation including automated switches, remote control
units, and the monitoring and measurement of network behaviour. All the devices in the network can
communicate with, and be controlled from, the network control center.

An objective for Feeder Automation concept is to offer the utilities a system which can be used for reducing
outage times, shortening restoration times, improving power quality, reducing the amount of undelivered
energy and cutting maintenance costs.

This assembly includes following modules: the Distribution Terminal Unit DTU 131 including REC 523 unit
and SF6-insulated switch-disconnector (NXB_ or NXBD_) equipped with auxiliary cables, junction box and
the current and voltage sensors, which are already assembled and tested at the factory.

A summary of advantages provided by Feeder Automation:


With… …You receive… …Which result to…
Remote Control Fast Outage/Fault management Shorter Outage times
Measurements More information from Network Accurate network analyses
Fault Indication Faster fault Management Shorter Outage times
Protection Faster fault Management Functionality for special FA applications
Quality monitoring Information of problem areas Improved power quality
Condition monitoring Service Information of switches Reduced need of scheduled maintenance
and foreseeing of faults
Programmable logic Tailor made applications Flexibility
Same HW for all applications

Junc tion box

Figure 1. Functional diagram of system

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

3 Description of modules

3.1 Functional modules

5
4

1) NXB_ Switch-Disconnector 3) Junction box 5) Remote control and monitoring unit


2) Sensor 4) DTU control box REC 523

Figure 2. Feeder Automation system modules

3.2 Switch-Disconnector Type Sectos NXB_ and NXBD_

In General
Sectos switch-disconnectors are specifically designed to detect and isolate faulted feeder sections,
reconfigure the feeder supply to healthy distribution line sections after a fault, and restore the normal line
configuration. The switches will also interrupt load currents and sectionalize de-energised lines at high
speed.

The Sectos switches are supplied with an integrated motor drive for remote control of closing and opening
operations. The integrated motor device needs no mechanical adjustment on site. Only a control cable is
required. See guide 34 UEMC_45. Operation for the optional earthing switch shall always be done manually
by turning a lever by an insulated hook-stick.

These switches are built into a stainless steel tank, “sealed for life”. The SF6 switch-disconnectors are tested
according to IEC 60265-1 and IEC 62271-102 (earlier IEC 60 129).

135 NX 1 5
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

NXB_
The NXB_ is available as two positions (ON-OFF) or a three positions (ON-OFF-EARTH) switch. When
supplied as three positions the unit has facility to earth the line on one side of the switch.

The NXB_ is SF6-insulated pole mounted switch-disconnector suitable for both conventional bare overhead
lines and lines with covered conductors. The NXB_ is specifically designed for use in modern telecontrolled,
distribution automation systems. The NXB_ offers reliable maintenance free operation even in the most
demanding climatic conditions. It has excellent load breaking and fault making capacity and satisfies the
isolation requirements specified for disconnectors. The earthed metal tank prevents all possible leakage
currents across an open switch.

Bushing insulators are outer cones “series 400” type (EN 50181 type C). The sensors are integrated in the
bushings, 3 pieces combined current and voltage on the other side and 3 pieces for voltage on the other
side. Line insulators of silicone rubber are installed on the outer cone bushings.

It is possible to connect Sectos to an overhead line directly, or to a cable network with a 400-series cable
connector.

The optional motor operating device of NXB_ is integrated in the spring mechanism and connected to the
control box by a control cable. The need of mechanical linkages and adjustments is eliminated.

No special means for padlocking are required for hook-stick operated switches (IEC 62271-102/5.104.1). In
special cases, safety interlocking can be made by help of the optional locking lever, which prevents both
remote and local electrical operations as well as manual operation of the switch. The interlocking lever can
be operated by a hook-stick.

Figure 3. NXB_ switch-disconnector and optional interlocking lever

NXBD_
The Sectos NXBD_ is SF6-insulated; pole mounted 3-way switch-disconnector for demanding outdoor
environments. Two independent switch-disconnectors in one enclosure with the third tapped way can be
used for easy and reliable line branching in overhead, cable, or mixed networks. It has excellent load
breaking and fault making capacity and satisfies the isolation requirements specified for disconnectors. The
earthed metal tank prevents all possible leakage currents across an open switch.

Main circuit
diagram

Switch nr. 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
Position indicator I I O I O I
symbols
Alternative CLOSED CLOSED OPEN CLOSED OPEN CLOSED
position symbols

Figure 4. Three-position 3-way switch function diagram

135 NX 1 6
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Both switches can be operated and earthed independently. The tapped way is floating, when both switches
are in open or earthed position. The earthing switch on the downstream side provides natural interlocking
between the main switch and earthing switch in a radial network. The switch and earthing switch functions
are described in the drawing (Figure 4.) above.

Bushing insulators are outer cones “series 400” type (EN 50181 type C). The outer cone cable connector
interface makes it suitable also for pad-mount use. The sensors are integrated in the bushings, 3 pieces
combined current and voltage on the other side and 3 pieces for voltage or current on the other side. Line
insulators of silicone rubber are installed on the outer cone bushings.

The operating mechanism is equal with standard NXB types.

Figure 5. NXBD_ double switch-disconnector (3-way)

Distribution transformer
-incoming/outgoing line

Important customer with automatic transfer switching


with NXBD and REC 523

Ring Main Unit function on the pole


All disconnectors controlled with one control device
(REC 523)

Overhead line branching

Figure 6. Examples of NXBD applications

135 NX 1 7
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Technical Specifications
Sectos NXB_ and NXBD_ switch-disconnectors complies with IEC 60265-1 (1998) requirements for general-
purpose switches in electrical endurance class E3 (Ik = 12,5 kA) and E2 (Ik = 20 kA) and mechanical
endurance class M2 and requirements of EATS 41-27. The breaking tests under earth fault conditions allow
use also in isolated and resonant earthed neutral systems.

SF6-insulated switch-disconnector type: NXB_ NXBD_


24_ 24_
Rated voltage 24 kV 24 kV
Lightning impulse withstand voltage:
→ to earth and between phases 125 kV 125 kV
→ across isolating distance 145 kV 145 kV
Rated current 630 A 630 A
Rated frequency 50/60 Hz 50/60 Hz
Mainly active load breaking current 630 A 630 A
Closed loop breaking current 630 A 630 A
Line- and cable charging breaking current 50 A 50 A
Line- and cable charging breaking current under 28 A 28 A
earth fault conditions
Earth fault breaking current 50 A 50 A
Short-time withstand current, 3s 20 kA 20 kA
Short-circuit making current, peak 50 kA 50 kA

3.3 Sensors

Current, Voltage & Combi Sensors


Sensors are a new solution for measuring currents and voltages for protection and monitoring of Medium
Voltage power systems. In the combi sensors, both the current and voltage sensors are integrated in the
same compact cast resin part.

The current sensors are based on the principle of the Rogowski-coil, in which the iron core has been
replaced by non-magnetic material. The sensor consists of an air-core winding, immune of any risk of
saturation, as it has no ferromagnetic core. It is linear over the whole measuring range. The output signal is
a voltage, which is proportional to the time dependent change of the current. A digital integration of this
voltage is carried out and gives the measured current. Current sensor does not require any safety
arrangements for open secondary, like conventional current transformers.

The ferroresonance is harmful phenomenon for conventional VTs. With the sensor technology,
ferroresonance can not occur; thus damping resistors are not needed.

The measuring principle of voltage sensors is based on a capacitive voltage divider, which results in a wide
dynamic range and high linearity. This sensor is also non-saturable. The output signal is a voltage, which is
directly proportional to the primary voltage.

135 NX 1 8
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

In conclusion, some advantages of combined and integrated sensors:


→ Safety
- No effects of short-circuited or interrupted signal circuits. A short-circuit on the
transmitted signal side of a voltage sensor will cause no damage to the sensor. Consequently,
there is no risk either for a total breakdown of the sensor resulting in serious damage to other
equipment. In a corresponding way, an interruption of the transmitted signal from current
sensor will cause no overvoltages hazardous to people, the sensor itself, secondary insulation,
or other equipment.
- No risk for ferroresonance. In certain types of distribution networks, a major problem has
been damaged voltage transformers, caused by ferroresonance and resulting in a grid
shutdown. Because voltage sensors do not include unlinear inductive cores, they are not prone
to ferroresonance.
→ Compact design
- Measurement of current and voltage has usually been performed with separate CT
and/or VT arrangements. Thanks to the small dimensions of the sensing elements, a current
and voltage sensor can easily be combined in one single combi sensor integrated in the
bushing insulator.
→ Wide dynamic range
- One sensor type can be used from the lowest currents up to the rated continuous thermal
current (630A) and up to the short-time withstand current (20 kA). One (24 kV) voltage rating is
applicable from 7,2 to 24 kV networks. It is not necessary to specify different current and
voltage ratings for each application.

Calibration
In practice, the accuracy of sensors is “good enough” for normal operations e.g. fault indication.

The amplitude error of a current sensor is almost constant and independent of the primary current. Hence, it
can be corrected in the secondary device by a calibration factor, which is given individually for each sensor.
A sensor fulfilling the requirements of e.g. class 5 without the calibration factor can fulfil the requirements of
class 3 with the use of the calibration factor. Calibration factors for amplitude and phase angle are printed in
the nameplate of each sensor and they can be entered in REC 523 on site.

Double switch NXBD_ with sensors


Sectos NXBD_ CS_ contains six pieces of KEVCY 24 SA2-A850 type combi sensors integrated in the
bushings of switch 1 and 2. The combi sensors of switch 2 are normally configured for voltage
measurements ( 3I + 6U configuration). In special cases they can also be configured for current (6I+3U
configuration). One REC 523 unit can be used to measure two feeders or branches by means of nine
analogue channels.

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Technical Specifications of Current, Voltage and Combi Sensors

Current Sensor Voltage Sensor

Principle Rogowski-coil Capacitive voltage divider


Rated primary value 80 A
20: 3 kV
Rated primary current factor 10
Accuracy limit factor 60
Rated continuous thermal 630 A
current
Rated secondary value 0,150 V (0,180 V at 60 Hz)
2,0: 3 V
Accuracy Class 5 Class 6P
- using calibration factor Class 3 / 10P60

Type of Combi Sensor KEVCY 24 SA 2


Type of Voltage Sensor KEVCY 24 SB 3
System includes • 3 combi sensors and 3 voltage sensors (NXB_) or 6 combi
sensor (NXBD_)
• cables from the sensor to a junction box
• cable from the junction box to control cabinet
Output Adapted to ABB’s REC 523-relay
Sensor cable Double shielded, sensor end casted in, junction box end
provided with terminals suitable for direct connection to PCB
Down lead cable The length of the double shielded cable from the junction box
to control box is 10m. The control box end of the cable is
provided with Twin-BNC connectors for direct connection to
REC 523 inputs.

3.4 Junction box and cables

Separate cables from 6 bushings are connected to one downstream cable by means of a junction box. In
addition, the box consist of an amplifier, which makes measuring system stable against the electrical
influence of the downstream cable and provides over-voltage protection.

The enclosure is made of painted corrosion resistant aluminum and the cable is double shielded multipole
cable, which is suitable for outdoor installation.

3.5 Distribution Terminal Unit DTU 131

Distribution Terminal Unit DTU 131 including a REC 523 unit mounted in an UEMC-A2 enclosure together
with all accessories. This assembly includes the following components: stainless steel enclosure, the REC
523 unit, local control push buttons, a remote/off/local switch, miniature circuit breakers, contactors, backup
batteries, temperature compensated battery charger which is integrated to the REC 523, a heating or drying
element and also place for a radiotelephone device.

The control box is made of strong stainless steel and it is normally mounted near to ground in the same pole
as the switch. Local electrical control is made by means of push buttons, independent of the electronic
control device. Manual opening and closing of the switch in emergency is possible by means of an insulated
hook-stick.

The motor control, position indication, and gas density alarm signals are taken down from the switch by a
cable wired to the terminal block inside the control box. The sensor down-lead cable is directly connected to
REC523 inputs.

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

The DTU 131 is especially fitted and tested together with ABB’s SECTOS NXB_ and NXBD_ disconnectors
and MicroSCADA network control system. Thus, the DTU 131 is mainly used in application where an
actuator or a motor operating device is fitted in primary equipment.

1
2

9 5
13

7 14
8 4
10 12
11

1 Name plate
2 Remote control and monitoring unit REC 523
3 Optional Communication device
4 m.c.b. for operating control device
5 Push buttons for local operating of both switches in NXBD
6 Operating contactors
7 m.c.b. for auxiliary supply voltage and heater resistor
8 m.c.b. for battery voltage
9 Remote/off/local control selector
10 Batteries
11 Heater resistor
12 Terminal block for supply voltages
13 Terminal block for first disconnector
14 Terminal block for second disconnector

Figure 7. Connections of the Distribution Terminal Unit DTU 131 for NXBD

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Technical Specifications of DTU 131

Type: DTU 131-B1Bx

Communication protocol x = 1: Reserved for future use


(last digit of type number) x = 2: Reserved for future use
x = 3: IEC 870-5-101
x = 4: MODBUS (ASCII & RTU mode)
x = 5: DNP 3.0
Circuit diagram (Fig. 15) 31 UEMC 343
Enclosure material Stainless steel AISI 304
Size 400mm*620mm*330mm (UEMC-A2
500mm*800mm*330mm (UEMC-A3)
Degree of protection IP 55
Batteries, hermetic, Standard size 24 V, 17 Ah.
valve regulated lead-acid type
Components - remote monitoring and control unit REC 523
included - plug-in modem module (option with REC 523)
- mounting plate for radio device
- 1 or 2 operating circuits
- terminal blocks
- remote/off/local switch
- 1 or 2 local control bush buttons
- heating resistor TEG HG 45
- batteries 2 x 12 V 17 Ah (sealed lead-acid batteries)
- fixing brackets for wooden pole

Provision for communication equipment in the control box:

Space available ∼ 80mm*180mm*290mm (UEMC-A2 with two control circuits)


∼ 80mm*280mm*290mm (UEMC-A2 with one control circuit)
∼ 180mm*400mm*290mm (UEMC-A3)
Available voltage(s) 24 and 12 VDC
Power supply for - with batteries 12 VDC, 7 A peak
communication - without batteries 12 VDC, 1 A peak
equipment - directly from batteries 12 VDC, 10 W continuous
- directly from batteries 24 VDC, 5 W continuous
The need of modem depends on the A plug-in modem module is available for REC as option.
selected communication media.

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

3.6 Remote Monitoring and Control Unit REC 523

The REC 523 terminal is designed to be used for protection, remote control, condition monitoring,
supervision and automation of disconnectors, switch-disconnectors, switches and other objects in overhead
lines and cable networks. The REC 523 unit includes basic remote control functions and it provides a wide
range of monitoring, measurement and protection, fault indication and IEC 1 131-based application
configuration. For protection, the REC 523 can be connected both to conventional current and voltage
transformers and to ABB’s current and voltage sensors.

The REC 523 includes integrated temperature compensated charger for securing the condition of back-up
batteries and 12 V outlet for communication device. LED display facilities status indication of local
inputs/outputs and disconnectors or switches likes overcurrent, undervoltage, over temperature, battery
failure, SF6 gas density low and disconnector open/close.

The REC 523 unit gives a wide range of functionality and increased performance by using the benefits of the
multiprocessor environment and modular construction. Digital signal processing combined with a powerful
CPU, and distributed I/O handling facilities parallel operations and improves response times and accuracy.
Moreover, highly developed function blocks that are used for protection in MV substations are utilized in
REC 523 to indicate faults at secondary substations. For fault indication and measurement, REC 523
provides the most common communication protocols and interface for different communication media. See
chapter 5.

The REC 523 unit is calibrated at the factory. In spite of ageing and
varying temperature, unit is capable to maintain the specified accuracy
because it includes special hardware that allows self-re-calibration on
the field. This re-calibration procedure runs continuously, even when
no measurements are activated, to ensure that the unit is always
optimally calibrated.

Figure 8. REC 523

System performance with REC 523 measurements

Measurement functions are available e.g. for three-phase currents, neutral current, three-phase voltages,
residual voltage, frequency, and active and reactive power. One REC 523 unit can be used to measure two
feeders or branches by means of nine analogue channels.

Furthermore, the REC 523 incorporates environmental temperature and battery voltage measurements. The
values measured can be forwarded to the control center.

REC 523 improved power quality features measurements, which enable the supervision of voltage and
current harmonics as well as the power factor. In addition, it offers power factor control, which can be used
to operate compensating units eliminating the need to transfer reactive power over the distribution network.

Due to its accurate measurements, REC 523 promotes maximum utilisation of network investment. It
provides precise and real-time information on the load situation of overhead lines and transformers.

The measurement function blocks are documented on the CD-ROM “Technical Descriptions of Functions”
(1MRS750889-MCD).

135 NX 1 13
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Technical Specifications of REC 523:


Electronic control unit, installed in the control box: REC 523D 060-AAC
Switch control functions Close-open commands
Switch position indication
Earthing switch position indication
Gas low alarm

Measurements, to be connected to analogue inputs 3-phase average current over a selectable time
period and present current (rms or peak)
3-phase voltages, similar as currents
Optional functions: Number of counts to trip 1 to 5
• automatic sectionalizing duty Reset time: adjustable 10s …42.5 min
• special, local automation functions may be Actuating current:
realized by special software. I> adjustable 0.10 … 5.0x In
Io> adjustable 0.01 … 1.0x In
Voltage restraint
Inrush current restraint (optional)
Earth fault sensing: directional
Internal measurements, not consuming inputs Battery voltage
Control box temperature
Battery charging and condition monitoring Temperature compensated charging, 24 V, 15 W
Input voltage range 80…265 V AC/DC Battery testing ½ hours intervals
(option 18…80 V DC) Alarm, if deterioration observed
Deep discharge prevention
Other control box functions Door open alarm
Motor MCB alarm
Local/remote switch position
Automatic/Manual switch position (option)
Heater control
Fault indications Over current fault indication
Phase unbalance
Earth fault current indication
AC fail indication
Fault registering Registers 3 last fault situations
- All phase currents
- Earth fault current
- Time stamp
- Status of interlockings
Registering of measurements Maximum values for phase currents, with time stamp
- remote resetting
Transient disturbance recorder - 3-phase currents
Default measurements - 3-phase voltages
- neutral current
- switch position
Sampling frequency 2 kHz
Recording time 1 s. / sample
( 5 channels / 5 samples )

I/O mapping Total Used Free


NXB NXBD NXB NXBD
DI 15 7 11 8 4
DO 9 3 5 6 4
AI 9 6…9 6…9 0…3 0…3

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

4 Applications examples

4.1 Automatic line sectionalizer

Automatic line sectionalizer isolates automatically a faulted section of line from the rest of the distribution
system. The sectionalizer logic opens the switch during the deadtime of an upstream circuit-breaker or
recloser, after it has performed a user-configured number of reclosing operations. The sectionalizer logic
relies upon current sensing to detect the fault, and opens the switch after the current has been interrupted by
the circuit breaker or recloser. Sectionalizer is easily coordinated with other protective devices on the system
because it does not require real time communication for its operation. It simply follows network phenomenon
by help of current and voltage sensors.

The sectionalizer should not be confused with a recloser; sectionalizer is not capable of breaking fault
current, but it may be closed on to a fault and it can break load currents.

Figure 9. shows situation where Customer 1 is part of normal distribution line and power to Customer 3 can
be restored by back feed if the network type allows it.

Fault NOP

CB S S CB

Circuit Sectionalizer 2
Sectionalizer 1
Breaker

Customer 1 Customer 2 Customer 3

Figure 9. Example system with sectionalizer


CB circuit-breaker
S automatic line sectionalizer
NOP normally open point

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

This sequence is shown in Figure 10, covering the case of a fault on a feeder connected to the main
feeder by an automatic sectionalizer. For a transient fault, when the recloser restores the supply, the
sectionalizer sensing devices note that only load current is flowing and return the sectionalizer to its
normal state.

FAULT ND RD
TRIP ST
2 RECLOSE 3 RECLOSE
1 RECLOSE
TRIP TRIP

Current

Shot 1 Shot Shot 3 Shot 4


Circuit
Breaker CLOSE
Position OPEN

Sectionalizer CLOS
2 E
OPEN
CLOS
E
Sectionalizer
OPEN
1 Tim
COUNT TO COUNT e
TRIP = 1 TO TRIP = FAULT DISAPPEARS
RD
2 DURING 3 SHOT
Figure 10. Use of sectionalizer

The communication option provides following benefits:


• The isolated line section is automatically identified at the control center, and this reduces the
outage time.
• Non-faulted line segments behind the fault can be restored by closing the NOP switch.
• All settings of sectionalizer function can be changed by remote control commands for example
to adapt a new network configuration.

In conclusion:
ü Automatic line sectionalizers are self-contained, automatically controlled circuit-opening devices.
ü Automatic line sectionalizers count the fault current operations of an upstream re-closing device.
ü Automatic line sectionalizers operate after a preselected number of fault current operations.
ü Automatic line sectionalizers isolate the faulted section of a distribution feeder after the feeder has been
de-energised by e.g. a recloser or reclosing CB.

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

4.2 Remote controllable switching point or normally open point with measurements

The switch is used to open and to close the circuit by remote control command. Current measurement in
each phase can be used for fault indication, load management, and many other applications.

The switch can be closed, opened, and earthed also manually by turning the operation lever by an insulated
hook stick and it fulfils the safety requirements for disconnectors. The line segment behind the switch can be
earthed using the integrated earthing switch option.

The system is more simple but the effect on the power quality improvement is comparable to automatic line
sectionalizers with communication option. It is recommended when a SCADA system is available.

Comparison of different switching point alternatives for feeder automation:

(time-voltage control)
Alternative systems
remote controllable

remote controllable

measurements and
sectionalizer with
(current control)

communication
measurements

automatic line

automatic line

automatic line
sectionalizer

sectionalizer
switch with
switch

system performance

Operation performance 2. 1. 3. 3. 1.
ranking
short-circuit conditions + + + + +

earth fault + + + + +
1) 1) 1) 1)
sensitive earth fault + + - + +
2)
selectivity - + + - +
fault location + ++ - - ++
change network + ++ - - ++
configuration for
reserve supply
System characteristics 3. 1. 2. 4. 2.
ranking
number of fault - + -- - --
make/break
operations (c-b)
number of no-load and - + + -- +
fault make operations
(switch)
Customer values 3. 1. 5 4 2.
3) 3)
outage duration + ++ - - ++
outage frequency
number of rapid - + -- - --
autoreclosings
network load and - + - - +
power quality
monitoring
4) + 4)
cost - -- + --
1) basing to supply circuit-breaker or recloser operation or relay information
2) sensitive to all supply voltage interruptions, also HV disturbances
3) slow fault location and reserve supply connection without communication and SCADA
4) without communication and SCADA

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Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

5 Communication

Data communication between remotely controllable substation and monitoring center turn out to be the most
difficult part of feeder automation. Communication could be divided two main areas: protocol and media.

This application offers possibilities to a comprehensive selection of protocols and versatile interface for
communication devices with help of the remote monitoring and control unit REC 523. Beside measuring and
monitoring data, the most important configuration of the REC 523 could be done by remotely.

REC 523 supports the most common open communication protocols likes IEC 870-5-101, DNP 3.0 and
Modbus. By using open and standard protocols in the Terminal units, the ability to connect to various
SCADA systems is possible. The REC 523 has default protocol interface which fit modern SCADA systems
as such. However, interface could be modified in case of existing inflexible SCADA system by help of
software tool developed to this purpose.

The REC 523 offers interface for almost all-possible communication media used in feeder automation
applications. Usable/used communication media:
ü Public telephone lines
ü Leased lines
ü Digital Line Carrier, DLC
ü Digital cellular phones
ü Analogue cellular phones
ü Optical cables
ü Satellite communication

There is also plug-in modem available as an option. It can be used for communication over conventional
radios, fixed lines, public lines, and analogue cellular telephones.

REC 523 is also capable to communicate with modem using by freely programmable AT-Hayes commands.
This function enables sophisticated calling and re-calling system, watchdog function, and even entering PIN-
code for cellular telephones.

135 NX 1 18
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

REC 523

Figure 11. Various Communication Media

In conclusion the benefits of open communication is that you can:


ü Expand existing systems with new FA technology from ABB
ü Create cost-efficient solutions for transferring indispensable network information
ü Utilise existing communication media or select a new media base from various suppliers
ü Adapts the FA Remote Feeder Terminals to various existing systems through standard protocols and
flexible protocol re-mapping.

135 NX 1 19
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

6 Ordering Information

6.1 Delivery details for SECTOS sensors

The following data should be specified in the order of SECTOS sensors:


ü Sectos type
ü Configuration for NXBD (3I+6U or 6I+3U)
ü Accessories, as specified to all standard Sectos models

Sectos type marking Sensor configuration


NXB 24 CS 630
_ normal bushing
S 3 combi sensor KEVCY 24 SA2 on one side
and 3 voltage sensors KEVCY 24 SB3 on the other side

NXBD 24 CS 630
_ normal bushing
S 6 combi sensors KEVCY 24 SA2 on switches 1 and 2
The combi sensor of switch 1 is used for current and
voltage measurements
The combi sensor of switch 2 is used for voltage
measurements, 3I+6U configuration (standard).
Option for current measurements, 6I+3U configuration

Figure 12. Order number of SECTOS sensors

The system includes a 9-channel junction box with fixing arrangements and 10 m downlead cable with dual
BNC connectors for REC523. Above-mentioned components are already assembled and tested at the
factory.

Description Type
Active junction box 1VFK310010R2
Fixing arrangements for NXB direct using welded bolts and special nuts
Fixing plate for NXBD NXBZ 236 plate + M6 nuts
Cable KEVZ 85
Connection diagrams:
ü NXB 31BXB24CS1 (3I+6U)
ü NXBD 31NXB24CS2 (3I+6U)
ü NXBD 31NXB24CS5 (special arrangement with double
amplifiers for 6I+3U)

135 NX 1 20
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

6.2 Delivery details for DTU 131

Four characters identify the contents of the DTU 131 terminal.


ü The first characters identifies if the batteries are needed and the size of the batteries.
ü The amount of contactor logic and local control push button depends the amount of controlled object can
be selected by the second character.
ü The third character selects type and amount of analogue measurements e.g. currents and voltage
inputs. Select B for sensor application.
ü The fourth character selects communication protocols, which depends on used network control system.

DTU 131- B x B x
1= reserved for future use
2= reserved for future use
3= comm. protocol IEC870-5-101
4= comm. protocol MODBUS ASCII & RTU mode
5= comm. protocol DNP 3.0
A= reserved for future use
B= 9 pcs sensors (Voltage dividers/ Rogovski coils)
C= 3 pcs current transformers (1 A / 5 A) for NXBZ-KOKU 072G4/3 600/1A CTs for NXB24
D= 3 pcs current transformers (1 A / 5 A) and 3 pcs voltage transformers (110V)
E= 4 pcs current transformers (1 A / 5 A) and 3 pcs voltage transformers (230V)
F= 6 pcs current transformers (1 A / 5 A) and 3 pcs voltage transformers (110V)
G= 3 pcs current transformers (1 A / 5 A) and 6 pcs voltage transformers (110V)
1= 1 pcs NXB..contactor logic with local control push buttons
2= 2 pcs NXB.. contactor logic with local control push buttons
3= 3 pcs NXB..contactor logic with local control push buttons
4= 4 pcs NXB..contactor logic with local control push buttons
A= 17 Ah batteries
B= 24 Ah long life batteries
C= no batteries
Figure 13. Order number of DTU 131

135 NX 1 21
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

6.3 Modules & Accessories

Modules
SECTOS 3-phase SF6-gas insulated load break switch type NXB 24 CS 630 AM3 for overhead line.

Switch is complete with the following accessories


Description Type pieces
Integrated motor operating device UEMC 40 K8_/1 1
Plug-on silicone polymer insulators NXAZJ2 6
Earthing terminal on the switch housing 1
Dilo type gas measuring and filling valve 1
Cross arm fixing brackets NXAM1 1
Mechanism housing of cast aluminium(IP X7) 1
Stainless steel spring operating mechanism 1
Reliable (tested) reflective position indicator 1
Operation counter inside the mechanism housing 1
Gas density indication contact 1
Change over type auxiliary switches 2
Multi-pole socket for control cable 1
Hook -stick lever 1
Bushing combi sensor KEVCY 24 SA2 3
KEVCY 24 SB3 3
Junction box 1VFK310010R2 1
Common down lead cable for sensors, 10 m KEVZ 85 1
16 –pole plug-in contact for control cable 1

Distribution Terminal Unit DTU131-B1Bx with remote monitoring and control unit REC 523D 060-AAC
is complete with following accessories
Description Type pieces
Control box UEMC-A2 1
(option: UEMC-A3)
Batteries (option: 17 Ah) UEZG 24Ah – 24 V 1
Remote monitoring and control unit REC 523D 060-AA C 1
Protective m.c.b.
ü Motor operating device STO S271 K8
ü Auxiliary supply STO S262 C2
ü Battery voltage STO S261 C6
Control Push buttons (Remote/Off/Local) UEZJ 3 1
Operating contactor UEZJ –C1 –24Vdc/1 2
Heating resistor TEG HG 45 1
Alarm circuit UEMZ 896, 897 1
Standard fixing brackets for wooden poles UEMZ796.3 1

135 NX 1 22
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Accessories

NXB normally required accessories


Description Type pieces
Surge arresters 1) 3 or 6
Fixing brackets for surge arresters
Separate for 6 arresters, crossarm fixing NXAM 3/6 1
Integrated for 3 arresters, below NXB bushings NXBZ 81/3 1 or 2

NXB optional accessories


Description Type pieces
Control cable NXAZH 16F1xL 8/12/16 m
Specify length L
Voltage transformer 2) 1
VT down lead cable REK MCMO-E 4*2,5 L
+ 2,5R F, specify length
Gas density gauge NXAP 3 1
Manual locking device NXBZ 90 1
Line connectors (3 pcs/set)
2
16… 63 mm Cu OJUZLL 1/3 2
2
1-2x 16… 70 mm Al OJUZLL 3/3 2
2
1-2x 50…240 mm Al OJUZLL 4/3 2
2 2
10…95 mm Cu + 50…240 mm Al KG36/3 2
Bird caps (3 pcs/set) KZNC/NXB/3 2
Fastener set for direct mounting of NXB
circular pole φ150…250mm NXBZ 204 1
rectangular max. 343 mm NXBZ 239
Spacer console for hanging installation NXBZ 59 1
Crossarm 2850 mm J401464 1
Crossarm 2000 mm NPTRN 1T6 1
Crossarm fasteners
ü wooden 1-pole OJUPZK 9 1
ü wooden 2-pole OJUPZK 8/2 1

DTU optional accessories


Description Type pieces
Ice-protection for doorknob and padlock (option) UEMZ 1144 1
Lifting hook (option)? UEMC 1010 1
Service light (option)? UEMZ 1191 1
Special fixing brackets, if needed
Cap 501 parametrization tool for REC 1MRS151009
Parametrization cable 1MRS120520
Internal modem for REC 523 (normal temperature range) 1MRS119000-Axx
(xx = country code)
Internal modem for REC 523 (extended temperature range) 1MRS119000-Bxx
(xx = country code)

135 NX 1 23
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

1) Recommended surge arrester types:


Rated max. voltage of the Neutral earthing
system kV
isolated or resonant *) solid or low impedance
12 MWK 12 MWK 8
15 MWK 15 MWK 10
17,5 MWK 17,5 MWK 12
24 MWK 24 MWK 16
27 MWK 27 MWK 18
36 MWK 36 MWK 23
38 MWK 36 MWK 25
*) Calculated for continuous earth fault, lower values may be used based to earth fault protection
characteristics, see manufacturer instructions.

2) Auxiliary supply
Power Min. 100 VA
Input voltage 80 … 265 V

7 Related documents

Documents Related to Feeder Automation applications Identity number


ü Manual containing information of the control cabinet 34 UEMC 45
ü Sectos manual 34 NX 1
ü REC 523 Technical Reference Manual 1MRS 750881-MUM
ü Motor Operating Device for Sectos switches 34 UEMC 40 K8_
ü Technical Description of Functions (CD) 1MRS 750889-MCD
ü Technical Description of REC 523 (CD) 1MRS 752211-MCD B
ü Protocol description for IEC 870-5-101 1MRS 750956-MUM
ü Protocol description for DNP 3.0 1MRS 750958-MUM
ü Protocol description for MODBUS 1MRS 750957-MUM

8 Standards

Feeder automation application is tested in following standards


ü IEC 60129 A2 (1996) (Motor Operating Device)
ü IEC 60044-7 (Electronic voltage transformers)
ü IEC 60044-8, CDV 2000.12.15 (Electronic current transformers)
ü IEC 60044-3 (Combined transformers, when applicable)
ü IEC 60694 Ed.2 (2002) (Common specifications for HV switchgear and controlgear standards, when
applicable)
ü IEC 60256-1 (1998) (Switch-disconnector)
ü IEC 62271-71-102 (2001) (earlier 60129 Disconnectors and earthing switches)

135 NX 1 24
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Enclosure 1

Overvoltage protection
As well as preventing damage to equipment due to fault current, it is also necessary to ensure that surge
voltages do not cause damage or lead to unnecessary outages. The optimum methods of the protection
against overvoltages and how widely such protection should be applied, depends on system-operation
practice and local weather conditions, e.g. lightning strikes.

The insulation strength, or insulation level, of various items of equipment has to be greater than the
magnitude of these transient overvoltages. Various overvoltage protection devices can be fitted on the
network to reduce the overvoltages to an acceptable level.

Distribution Terminal Unit:


Both the sensor inputs and the junction box are protected. Surge arresters for the power supply
circuit are optional.

Switch-disconnector:
To protect the switch-disconnector Sectos NXB & NXBD against atmospheric overvoltages, it is
necessary to install surge arresters on one or both sides of the switch. The new silicon rubber
insulated surge arresters of ABB, type MWK are recommended for use together with Sectos NXB
and NXBD.

Earthing
The main purpose of earthing is to guarantee safety during possible insulation failures and to prevent the
effects of leakage across the isolating distance.

Note especially the minimum earthing conductor area, earthing resistance, corrosion protection, and
mechanical protection and insulation of the lower part. Both the disconnecting and earthing functions of the
switch are ineffective if the frame is not earthed. In addition, the line insulator crossarm shall be earthed, if
the switch is mounted on a separate crossarm.

Common principles:
The earthing cables shall be dimensioned to withstand the max. earth-fault current of the main
circuit. Even the most unfavourable cases are covered if the cable is dimensioned to withstand 3-
phase short-circuit current. The earthing resistance shall be dimensioned to limit the earth fault
voltage to a safe level, see national regulations for exact rules. The lower part of the earthing cable
is normally insulated to avoid unintentional contact to parts exposed to earth fault voltages. Cable,
terminal and joint part materials shall be selected to avoid corrosion.

The switch and separate line crossarms of the pole shall always be earthed to avoid creepage
currents across the open switch.

Common earthing for the DTU and HV circuits to protect auxiliary circuits.

The shield of control cable shall be earthed at both ends to protect the control electronics.

The primary of voltage transformer shall be connected between two phases, not between phase and
earth. Single pole VT:s between phase and earth should not be used for safety reasons. The
secondary shall be earthed to the frame or to the control cabinet earth.

The auxiliary DC system is normally earthed for safety and EMC reasons. The benefits of a floating
system are minimal in small auxiliary systems limited to one DTU.

The stresses of primary and secondary circuits are different during earth fault conditions, depending on the
neutral point earthing practices.

In isolated neutral and resonant earthed neutral systems

135 NX 1 25
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

The earth fault voltages shall be limited on a safe level, see local safety regulations concerning
common earthing of auxiliary and main circuits. If that is not practical, principles for solidly earthed
neutral systems should be followed.

The auxiliary power may be taken from the LV network or any other source.

If steel rods are used for manual or motor operating it is not necessary to use an operating rod
insulator, especially if it is shunted by the auxiliary circuits or a pole of a conducting material.

In solidly or low-ohm earthed neutral systems


It is not practical to limit the earth fault voltage to a safe level due to the high earth fault current. The
station shall be built so that the operator and auxiliary system is not exposed to the earth fault
voltage. Suitable means can be found from the national safety code and practice. In addition, the
following principles may be used, if not in conflict:
ü Access to control cabinet only from an insulated ladder or platform.
ü Auxiliary energy only from a local source. No connections to LV or galvanic communication networks.
ü The separate manual operating mechanism, if any, shall be isolated from the common earth,
alternatively no access from earth level, or hook stick operation.

The earthing should always be done in accordance with the local safety regulations.

135 NX 1 26
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

General Arrangement

Figure 14. General arrangements for remotely controlled pole mounted switch-disconnector in solidly or low-
ohm earthed networks

135 NX 1 27
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Auxiliary power
Auxiliary power for DTU can be taken from local LV network or from the MV line through a VT. Acceptable
input voltage range is 80 … 265 V. Maximum power needed is 100 VA.

Power backup for the DTU has been arranged by connecting 24 V (2 x 12 V) sealed lead acid batteries to
the unit. The batteries supply the REC 523 unit, motor and the communication device during eventual
outages. Thus, the communication between the unit and a network control center operates in any situation.

The voltage of the batteries may vary in range of 19...32 V. The batteries are charged by the temperature
compensated battery charger of the REC 523 unit.

Circuit Diagram

PS C_7_S O1 BI O1_3_BI7 B IO1_3_BI 8 B IO1_3_BI 9 P SC_7_B I1 B IO1_3_BI 1 BIO1 _3_B I2 B IO1_3_BI 12 P SC_7_HS PO2 PS C_7_HSP O1
outlet
Radio 12V

charger
Battery

REC 523 Monitoring


and control unit
+ - - +
+ Mains -
X7.1 1 2 6 7 8 9 10 X7.3 9 8X3.1 10 11 12 13 14 X7.3 1 2 X3.1 1 2 3 X3.2 1 2 X7.3 18 17 16 15 11 12 13 14

CLOSE +

L OCAL +

OPEN +
VDC +

21 24 23 25
X11:

2
F1

1
Rem ote +

L ocal +

(L) (+)
Door switch
X10: 1 3 4 8 12 13 14 15 3 4 4 S45 14 6 S45 24 6
S11 K1 K2 I K1 O K2
2 1 4 3 3 13 5 23 5
F7 F6
Rem ote

1 2
Lo cal
Off

S6 1 1
G2 K2 K1
K1 A1 K2 A1
4

2 2
R1 A2 A2
G3

X11: 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 7 9 17 10 18 11 12 13 14 15 16
22
3
F7
Low
OK

O
I

4
14 12
X10: 2 5 6 9 10
S7 11
( N) (-)
1 2 4 (5) 1 1
M1 S1 S2
S8 3 6 2 2
NX- Switch

Figure 15. Circuit Diagram of DTU 131 + 1 Control circuit (31 UEMC 343 C)

135 NX 1 28
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Dimension Drawings

Z 792 Z 910
Z Z Z 397
(680) Z ( 42 )
Z
Z Z Z

Z 177,5

56,5
Z 39
Z

Z
Z

Z
Z
Z

508
Z
` 25

Z
Z 240 Z 240
Z Z
Z 23

26
397
Z

Z
Z ZZ Z Z Z

372,5

ZZ
342,5

Z
317,5
278,5
257,5 9
163,5 12
Z Z

143,5

78,5 M 12
Z

28,5
Z

0
P

Figure 16. Dimension drawings of switch NXB 24 C_

Z 1250
Z 862 Z Z
Z 1077
Z Z
Z 702,5
Z Z 712 397 Z
Z

Z
Z
Z
Z
243
1 2

658 711
Z

1 1 Z
Z 2 505

3 3 M16
B B T
A ra n
s m
i t

M16
Z
Z
Z
Z

Z 23
Z
M16
Z

Z 240 Z 240
Z Z
ZZ

Z
Z

26 ∅ 12
M12
∅ 9
SERIES 400 EQUIPMENT BUSHING
EN 50181 : 1997 TYP E C INTERFACE

A
1
A 2
A
Z

3
Z

143 Z
Z
Z
Z
3 44

1 35
264

Z
94
Z
Z
Z
Z

Z 680
135 NXBD 1 B
Z
Figure 17. Dimension drawings of double switch NXBD 24 C_

135 NX 1 29
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

Z 75

22 Z
30
Z
Z

Z
Z
Z
Z

Z
20

665 620
Z

Z
Z

25
Z

30

Z 95 Z 330 Z
Z 400
Z
M12
Z Z 50
3 x Pg 16 + 1 x Pg 21
3 x Pk 16 + 1 x Pk 21
3 x Pr 22,5 + 1 x P r 28,3

Radi o

R EC523
620
Motor 2

S45.1 S45.2
S6
O FF
REMO TE O CAL
L
X12

G2
Motor 1

F6 F7 F1.1 F1.2
I/O N I/ON I/ ON I/ON
R1
X11

0/O FF 0/O FF 0 /OFF 0/OF F


G3
X10

O per atio n Cha rg er Mo tor 1 Mo tor 2


Hea ter

4 00
75 330

Figure 18. Dimension drawings of enclosure UEMC – A2

135 NX 1 30
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

75
30

20

845 800

25
30

500 M12 95 330


3 x Pg 16 + 1 x Pg 21
3 x Pk 16 + 1 x Pk 21
3 x Pr 22,5 + 1 x Pr 28,3

Figure 19. Dimension drawings of enclosure UEMC – A3

135 NX 1 31
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

NXB/NXBD Sensor cable connections to DTU 131

Feeder side P1 P2 Load side

NXB Sensor cable connections to


DTU 131:
U3
cable nr DTU connection signal
U4 4 L3 3 I3 1 X2.9 / REC 523 U1
2 X2.8 / REC 523 I1
U2 3 X2.7 / REC 523 U2
U5 5 L2 2 4 X2.6 / REC 523 I2
I2 5 X2.5 / REC 523 U3
6 X2.4 / REC 523 I3
7 X2.3 / REC 523 U4 (L3)
U6 6 L1 1 U1 8 X2.2 / REC 523 U5 (L2)
I1 9 X2.1 / REC 523 U6 (L1)
10/ blue X11.12 amplifier ground
NXB_CS_ 10 /red X11.7 +24 VDC
(amplifier supply)

X4 X3
X5 X2
X6 X1
X10 X11 Junctionbox
1-10 11-20

Figure 20. NXB Sensor cable connections to DTU 131 (31 NXB 24 CS 1)

P1 P2
2 1
NXBD Sensor cable connections
to DTU 131:
3 cable nr DTU signal
connection
1 X2.9 / REC 523 U1
switch 2 2 X2.8 / REC 523 I1
3 X2.7 / REC 523 U2
U3 4 X2.6 / REC 523 I2
Switch 1
U4 4 L3 3 I3 5 X2.5 / REC 523 U3
6 X2.4 / REC 523 I3
NXBD_CS_ U2 7 X2.3 / REC 523 U4 (L3)
U5 5 L2 2 8 X2.2 / REC 523 U5 (L2) Switch 2
I2 9 X2.1 / REC 523 U6 (L1)
10/ blue X11.12 amplifier ground
10 /red X11.7 +24 VDC
U6 6 L1 1 U1 (amplifier supply)
I1
switch 1

X4 X3
X5 X2
X6 X1
Junctionbox X10 X11
1-10 11-20

Figure 21. NXBD Sensor cable connections to DTU 131: 3I+6U configuration (31 NXB 24 CS 2)

135 NX 1 32
Application Guide for SECTOS NXB_ CS_& NXBD_CS_ types

P2 P1 P1 P2 NXBD Sensor connections to DTU


2 1 131,
6I+3U configuration with two
amplifiers and one down lead cable:
3
cable nr DTU connection signal
1 X2.9 / REC 523 U1
switch 2 2 X2.8 / REC 523 I1
3 X2.7 / REC 523 U2
U3 4 X2.6 / REC 523 I2
Switch 1
I4 4 L3 3 I3 5 X2.5 / REC 523 U3

NXBD_CS_ U2
6
7
X2.4 / REC 523
X2.3 / REC 523
I3
I4 (L3)
I5 5 L2 2 8 X2.2 / REC 523 I5 (L2) Switch 2
I2 9 X2.1 / REC 523 I6 (L1)
10/ blue X11.12 amplifier ground
I6 6 L1 1 U1 10 /red X11.7 +24 VDC
(amplifier supply)
I1
switch 1
X6 X1
X5 X2 X4 X3
X4 2 X3 X5 X2
X10 X11
Junctionbox
X6
1 X1
with two
1-10 11-20 amplifier X10 X11
boards 1-10 11-20

Figure 22. NXBD Sensor cable connections to DTU 131: 6I+3U configuration with two amplifiers and one
downlead cable (31 NXB 24 CS 5)

135 NX 1 33