0 Suka0 Tidak suka

0 tayangan6 halamanNumerical Study of Natural Convective Heat Transfer From Upward Facing Recessed and Protruding Heated Horizontal Isothermal Circular Elements

Dec 04, 2018

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT atau baca online dari Scribd

Numerical Study of Natural Convective Heat Transfer From Upward Facing Recessed and Protruding Heated Horizontal Isothermal Circular Elements

© All Rights Reserved

0 tayangan

Numerical Study of Natural Convective Heat Transfer From Upward Facing Recessed and Protruding Heated Horizontal Isothermal Circular Elements

© All Rights Reserved

- modeling weld process
- Heat Transfer Viva Questions
- Modified Hilpert Correlation for Turbulent Convective Heat Transfer from a NACA Airfoil
- Natural Convection Heat Transfer
- 9. Maths - Unsteady Free Convection - L. Hari Krishna
- Module6 WorkedOut Problems
- Thermal
- my 2nd paper.pdf
- Modelling & Simulation of Three-dimensional Natural Convection in a Porous Box
- 15forced Convection,External Flow Over Cylinders
- Convection Student Slides Modul 6
- exhsysht
- Paper 26
- Jundika-Square Duct Flow Heat Transfer
- Influence the Nozzle Shape on Local Heat
- REVIEW ON PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF HEAT EXCHANGER.
- 9C Chapter9 Sec.9.10 Color
- Pub 9924
- CHAPTER 1
- Test 1 Answer

Anda di halaman 1dari 6

FROM UPWARD FACING RECESSED AND PROTRUDING

HEATED HORIZONTAL ISOTHERMAL CIRCULAR ELEMENTS

Oosthuizen, P.H.

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering,

Queen’s University,

Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6

Canada

E-mail: oosthuiz@queensu.ca

ABSTRACT

A numerical study of natural convective heat transfer from a

horizontal upward facing circular isothermal heated element

that is imbedded in a large flat adiabatic surrounding surface

has been undertaken. The heated element is either recessed by a

small amount into the surrounding flat horizontal adiabatic

surface or it protrudes by a small amount out of the surrounding

flat horizontal adiabatic surface. The element is at a higher

temperature than the surrounding fluid and attention has been

restricted to the case where the element is facing upward. The

range of conditions considered is such that laminar, transitional,

and turbulent flows can occur. The flow has been assumed to

be two-dimensional and steady and in dealing with the

buoyancy forces the Boussinesq approach has been adopted.

The numerical solution has been obtained using the commercial

CFD solver ANSYS FLUENT©. The k-epsilon turbulence

model with account being taken of buoyancy force effects has

been used. The heat transfer rate from the heated element

expressed in terms of the Nusselt number is dependent on the Figure 1 Flow situations considered

Rayleigh number, on whether the heated element is recessed

into or protrudes from the surrounding adiabatic surface, on the These alignments are illustrated in Fig. 1. The element is at a

dimensionless height the element is recessed into or protrudes higher temperature than that of the surrounding fluid and

from the surrounding adiabatic surface, and on the Prandtl attention has been restricted to the case where the element is

number. Results have been obtained for a Prandtl number of facing upward. Here, the range of conditions considered is such

0.74, i.e., effectively the value for air. The effect of the that laminar, transitional, and turbulent flows can occur. A

dimensionless height that the element is recessed or protrudes detailed study of the effect of the dimensionless height that the

from the surrounding adiabatic surface on the variation of the element is recessed or protrudes from the surrounding adiabatic

Nusselt number with Rayleigh number has been studied. The surface (see Fig. 2) on the heat transfer rate from the isothermal

diameter of the circular heated element has been used as the circular element has been undertaken here.

reference length scale and recess and protrusion height-to- Many studies of natural convective heat transfer from

diameter ratios of between 0 and 0.25 have been considered. heated horizontal elements have been undertaken, e.g., see [1-

24]. However, most of these studies have only considered

INTRODUCTION conditions in which laminar flow exists and almost all have

A numerical study of natural convective heat transfer from a only dealt with the case where the heated element is in the same

horizontal upward facing circular isothermal heated element plane as the surface of the adiabatic surrounding material.

that is imbedded in a large flat adiabatic surrounding surface This paper presents a study that is part of a larger overall

has been undertaken. The heated element is either recessed by a investigation of natural convective heat transfer from horizontal

relatively small amount into the surrounding flat horizontal and near horizontal heated elements for conditions under which

adiabatic surface or protrudes by a relatively small amount out laminar, transitional, and turbulent flow occurs. Other

of the surrounding flat horizontal adiabatic surface. representative studies included in this overall investigation are

described in [25-33].

1107

12th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

approximately one per cent with the meshes used in obtaining

the results presented here.

RESULTS

The solution has the following governing parameters:

• the Rayleigh number, Ra, based on the diameter, d, of the

circular element and on the difference between the

temperature of the surface of the heated element, Tw , and

the temperature of the undisturbed fluid that is well away

from the system, Tf , i.e.:

E gd 3 (Tw T f )

Ra (1)

QD

Figure 2 Recess depth and protrusion height, h. • the dimensionless distance to which the element protrudes

or to which it is recessed, i.e.:

h (2)

NOMENCLATURE H

A 2

[m ] Surface area of heated element d

d [m] Diameter of circular element

g [m/s2] Gravitational acceleration • whether the element is recessed or protrudes

h [m] Recess depth or protrusion height

H [-] Dimensionless recess depth or protrusion height, h/d • the Prandtl number, Pr.

k [W/mK] Thermal conductivity

Nu [-] Nusselt number Only a Prandtl number of 0.74, i.e., effectively for the value of

Pr [-] Prandtl number Pr for air, has been considered due to the applications that were

Q' [W] Total heat transfer rate from element the motivation for this study. Rayleigh numbers of between

R [-] Dimensionless radial distance approximately 105 and 1016 have been considered.

Ra [-] Rayleigh number

Tf [K] Undisturbed fluid temperature The total heat transfer rate from the heated circular element,

Tw [K] Element surface temperature Q’, has been expressed in terms of a mean Nusselt number

Greek symbols based on the diameter, d, of the circular element and on the

Į [m2/s] Thermal diffusivity difference between the temperature of the surface of the heated

ȕ [1/K] Bulk coefficient of thermal expansion element and the temperature of the undisturbed fluid well away

Ȟ [m2/s] Kinematic viscosity from the system, i.e.:

SOLUTION PROCEDURE Qc d

Nu (3)

The flow has been assumed to be steady and the fluid kA(Tw T f )

properties are assumed constant except for the density change

with temperature giving rise to the buoyancy forces. This has where A = Sd 2/4 is the surface area of the heated circular

been dealt with using the Boussinesq approximation. Only the element. Since a fixed value of Pr is being considered, Nu is a

case where the heated elements are facing upward has been function of Ra and of the dimensionless distance to which the

considered. Radiant heat transfer effects have been neglected. It element is recessed or to which it protrudes, H.

has been assumed that the flow is axisymmetric about the The conditions under which the flow is laminar, transitional

vertical center-line of the element. The basic k-epsilon and fully turbulent can be determined from the numerically

turbulence model with standard wall functions and with calculated variations of Nusselt number with Rayleigh number.

account being taken of buoyancy force effects has been used. These variations clearly show three relatively distinct flow

This turbulence model is applied under all conditions and is regions, e.g., see Figs. 3 and 5 below. For example, for the case

used to predict when transition occurs. Many previous studies, where H = 0 it will be seen that laminar flow exists up to a

e.g., [34-40], have demonstrated that this approach provides Rayleigh number of approximately 107 and that fully-turbulent

relatively good predictions of the conditions under which flow exists for Rayleigh numbers above approximately 1011.

turbulence develops in flows of the type being considered in The transitional region therefore exists when the Rayleigh

this study. The commercial CFD solver ANSYS FLUENT© has number is between 107 and 1011.

been employed to numerically solve the governing equations The case where the heated element is recessed will first be

based on the application of the assumptions discussed above considered. Typical variations of the mean Nusselt number with

and subject to the boundary conditions. Rayleigh number for various values of the dimensionless

Grid independence and convergence-criteria independence distance to which the element is recessed, H, are shown in Fig.

testing was undertaken. These test results demonstrated that the 3. From the results given in Fig. 5 it will be seen that the

heat transfer results, i.e., the derived Nusselt number values, are dimensionless recess depth has a significant influence on the

1108

12th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Figure 3 Variation of Nusselt number with Rayleigh number Figure 5 Variation of Nusselt number with Rayleigh number

for a recessed element for various values of the dimensionless for a protruding element for various values of the

recess depth. dimensionless protrusion height.

Figure 4 Variation of Nusselt number with dimensionless Figure 6 Variation of Nusselt number with dimensionless

recess depth for various Rayleigh number values protrusion height for various Rayleigh number values

for a recessed element. for a protruding element.

heat transfer rate at low and intermediate values of the Rayleigh presented in Fig. 4 show how the form of the variation of

number when the flow is in the laminar and transitional regions. Nusselt number with the dimensionless recess depth varies

The effect of the dimensionless recess depth on the heat quite significantly with Rayleigh number. The changes in the

transfer rate in the fully turbulent flow region is, however, form of the Nusselt number variation with dimensionless recess

significantly less than in laminar and transitional flow regions. depth is, of course, the result of the changes in the flow pattern

It will also be noted from the results given in Fig. 3 that at low over the heated element.

Rayleigh numbers the recessing of the element leads to a Attention will next be turned to the case where the heated

decrease in the heat transfer rate whereas at higher Rayleigh element protrudes from the surrounding adiabatic surface.

numbers the recessing of the element leads to an increase in the Typical variations of the mean Nusselt number with Rayleigh

heat transfer rate. number for various values of the dimensionless distance to

The effect of the dimensionless recess depth is further which the element protrudes, H, are shown in Fig. 5. It will be

illustrated by the results presented in Fig. 4 which show the observed from the results given in Fig. 5 that in the case of a

variations of the mean Nusselt number with dimensionless protruding element the dimensionless protrusion height has a

recess depth for various Rayleigh number values. The results very small effect on the heat transfer rate. The effect of the

1109

12th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

radius for three Rayleigh numbers for a recessed element

for a dimensionless recess depth of 0.02.

Figure 7 Variation of Nusselt number with dimensionless

recess and protrusion height for various Rayleigh number

values for recessed and protruding elements.

dimensionless radius for three Rayleigh numbers for a recessed

element for a dimensionless recess depth of 0.15.

radius for two Rayleigh numbers for an element that is protrusion heights for recessed and protruding elements is

in the same plane as the surface of the illustrated by the results shown in Fig. 7. This figure shows

surrounding adiabatic material. typical variations of Nusselt number with the dimensionless

recess depth for various Rayleigh numbers for both recessed

and protruding elements. In Fig. 7 the dimensionless recess

dimensionless protrusion height is further illustrated by the depth for recessed elements is shown as a negative quantity.

results presented in Fig. 6 which show the variations of the The fact that the dimensionless protrusion height has a very

mean Nusselt number with dimensionless protrusion height for small effect on the heat transfer rate results arises, of course,

various Rayleigh number values. The results given in Fig. 6 from the fact that with a protruding element the flow pattern

also show that in the case of a protruding element the over the element is essentially not affected by the height to

dimensionless protrusion height has a very small effect on the which the element protrudes whereas with a recessed element

heat transfer rate. The difference between the forms of the the presence of the side recess wall causes the flow pattern over

variations of the mean Nusselt number with Rayleigh number the element to change significantly with changes in the

for various values of the dimensionless recess depths and dimensionless recess depth. The flow pattern changes cause

1110

12th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

changes in the form of the local Nusselt number variation with International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 15, No.

radius across the element surface and this is illustrated by the 12, 1972, pp. 2535-2538.

results given in Figs. 8, 9, and 10. Figure 8 presents results for [2] Al-Arabi, M., and El-Riedy, M.K., Natural convection heat

the case of an element that is neither recessed nor protruding, transfer from isothermal horizontal plates of different shapes,

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 19, No.

i.e., for an element that lies in the same plane as the surface of 12, 1976, pp. 1399-1404.

the surrounding adiabatic material. It will be seen from Fig. 8 [3] Chambers, B.B., and Lee, T.T., A numerical study of local and

that the local Nusselt number variations for this case have the average natural convection Nusselt numbers for simultaneous

same form at the two Rayleigh numbers considered. This form convection above and below a uniformly heated horizontal thin

of local Nusselt number variation is essentially the same as that plate, Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 119(1), 1997, pp. 102-108.

existing over the surface of a protruding element at all Rayleigh doi:10.1115/1.2824074.

numbers considered. [4] Clifton, J.V., and Chapman, A.J., Natural-convection on a finite-

Figures 9 and 10 show local Nusselt number variations for size horizontal plate, International Journal of Heat and Mass

two dimensionless recess depths. From these results it will be Transfer, Vol. 12, No. 12, 1969, pp. 1573-1584.

[5] Goldstein, R.J., Sparrow, E.M., and Jones, D.C., Natural

seen that there are significant changes in the form of local convection mass transfer adjacent to horizontal plates,

Nusselt number variation for different Rayleigh numbers. The International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 16, No. 5,

changes in the form of the variation are particularly significant 1973, pp. 1025-1035.

at low Rayleigh number values. This agrees with the [6] Hassan, K.-E., and Mohamed, S.A., Natural convection from

conclusions that can be drawn from the results given in Fig. 3 isothermal flat surfaces, International Journal of Heat and Mass

which also show that the relative changes in the Nusselt Transfer, Vol. 13, No. 12, 1970, pp. 1873-1886.

number values with changes in the Rayleigh number and the [7] Hatfield, D.W., and Edwards, D.K., Edge and aspect ratio effects

dimensionless recess depth H are greatest at the lower Rayleigh on natural convection from the horizontal heated plate facing

number considered. downwards, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,

Vol. 24, No. 6, 1981, pp. 1019-1024.

[8] Hossain, M.A., and Takhar, H.S., Thermal radiation effects on the

CONCLUSIONS natural convection flow over an isothermal horizontal plate,

The results obtained in the present study show that: Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 35, No. 4,1999, pp. 321-

326.

1. In the case of a recessed circular element the

[9] Kitamura, K., and Kimura, F., Heat transfer and fluid flow of

dimensionless recess depth has a strong influence on the natural convection adjacent to upward-facing horizontal plates,

heat transfer rate at low and intermediate values of the International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 38, No.

Rayleigh number, when the flow is in the laminar and 17, 1995, pp. 3149-3159.

transitional regions, but the effect of the dimensionless [10] Kozanoglu, B., and Lopez, J., Thermal boundary layer and the

recess depth on the heat transfer rate in the fully characteristic length on natural convection over a horizontal plate,

turbulent flow region is significantly less than in laminar Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2007, pp.

and transitional flow regions. 333-339.

2. In the case of a recessed circular element at low [11] Kwak, C.E., and Song, T.H., Natural convection around

horizontal downward-facing plate with rectangular grooves:

Rayleigh numbers the recessing of the element leads to a

experiments and numerical simulations, International Journal of

decrease in the heat transfer rate whereas at higher Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol., 43, No. 5, 2000, pp. 825-838.

Rayleigh numbers the recessing of the element leads to [12] Lewandowski, W.M., Radziemska, E., Buzuk, M., and Bieszk,

an increase in the heat transfer rate. H., Free convection heat transfer and fluid flow above horizontal

3. In the case of a protruding element the dimensionless rectangular plates, Appl. Energ., Vol. 66, No. 2, 2000, pp. 177-

protrusion height has a very small effect on the heat 197.

transfer rate. [13] Lloyd, J.R., and Moran, W.R., Natural convection adjacent to

4. Changes in the form of the local Nusselt number horizontal surface of various planforms, Journal of Heat

variation across the element surface with the Transfer, Vol. 96, No. 4, 1974, pp. 443-447.

[14] Martorell, I., Herrero, J., and Grau, F.X., Natural convection from

dimensionless radius are minor for a protruding element

narrow horizontal plates at moderate Rayleigh numbers,

but are quite large for a recessed element this International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 46, No.

particularly being the case for lower values of the 13, 2003, pp. 2389-2402.

Rayleigh number. [15] Pretot, S., Zeghmati, B., and Le Palec, G., Theoretical and

experimental study of natural convection on a horizontal plate,

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 10, 2000, pp. 873-

This work was supported by the Natural Sciences and 891.

Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) through its [16] Prétot, S., Zeghmati, B., and Caminat, Ph., Influence of surface

roughness on natural convection above a horizontal plate,

Discovery Grant Program (RGPIN-2015-06444). Advances in Engineering. Software, Vol. 31, No. 10, 2000, pp.

793-801.

REFERENCES [17] Radziemska, E., and Lewandowski, W.M., The effect of plate

[1] Aihara, T., Yamada, Y., and Endö, S., Free convection along the size on the natural convective heat transfer intensity of horizontal

downward-facing surface of a heated horizontal plate, surfaces, Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2005, pp 50-

53.

1111

12th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

[18] Restrepo, F., and Glicksman, L.R., The effect of edge conditions on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer CHT-15, 2015,

on natural convection from a horizontal plate, International Paper CHT-15-145.

Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1974, pp. [30] Oosthuizen, P.H., A numerical study of natural convective heat

135-142. transfer from a horizontal isothermal square element with an

[19] Rotem, Z., and Claassen, L. Natural convection above unconfined unheated square adiabatic inner section, Proceedings of the 10th

horizontal surfaces, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 38, No. 1, Int. Conf. on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and

1969, pp. 173-192. Thermodynamics HEFAT 2015, 2015, Paper 570075655.

[20] Tetsu, F., Hiroshi, H., and Itsuki, M., A theoretical study of [31] Oosthuizen, P.H., A numerical study of natural convective heat

natural convection heat transfer from downward-facing horizontal transfer from a horizontal isothermal square element imbedded in

surfaces with uniform heat flux, International Journal of Heat an adiabatic surface with a parallel adiabatic covering surface.

and Mass Transfer, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1973, pp. 611-627. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Heat

[21] Wei, J.J., Yu, B., Wang, H.S., and Tao, W.Q., Numerical study of Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics HEFAT 2014,

simultaneous natural convection heat transfer from both surfaces 2014, pp. 192-199.

of a uniformly heated thin plate with arbitrary inclination, Journal [32] Oosthuizen, P.H., Natural convective heat transfer from a

of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 38, Nos. 4-5, 2002, pp. 309-317. horizontal isothermal circular element imbedded in a flat

[22] Yousef, W.W., Tarasuk, J.P., and McKeen, W.J. Free convection adiabatic surface with a parallel adiabatic covering surface,

heat transfer from upward-facing isothermal horizontal surfaces, Proceedings of the 11th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and

Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 104, 1982, pp. 493-500. Heat Transfer Conference, 2014, Paper AIAA 2014-3357.

[23] Kobus, C.J., and Wedekind, G.L., An experimental investigation [33] Oosthuizen, P.H., and Kalendar, A.Y., A numerical study of

into natural convection heat transfer from horizontal isothermal natural convective heat transfer from a pair of adjacent horizontal

circular disks, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, isothermal square elements embedded in an adiabatic surface –

Vol.44, 2001, pp. 3381-3384. effect of element spacing on heat transfer rate, Proceedings of the

[24] Kitamura, K., and Kimura, F., Fluid flow and heat transfer of 11th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics

natural convection over upward-facing, horizontal heated circular and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2015), 2015, Paper 1570075659.

disks, Heat Transfer-Asian Research, Vol. 37, No. 6, 2008, pp. [34] Savill, A.M., Evaluating turbulence model predictions of

339-351. transition. An ERCOFTAC special interest group project, Applied

[25] Oosthuizen, P.H., A numerical study of natural convective heat Scientific Research, Vol. 51, 1993, pp. 55-562.

transfer from horizontal isothermal heated elements of complex [35] Schmidt, R.C., and Patankar, S.V., Simulating boundary layer

shape, Proceedings of the 1st Thermal and Fluids Engineering transition with low-Reynolds-number k-İ turbulence models: Part

Summer Conference TFESC 2015, 2015, Paper TFESC-12863. 1- An evaluation of prediction characteristics, Journal of

[26] Oosthuizen, P.H., Natural convective heat transfer from a Turbomachinery, Vol. 113, No. 1, 1991, pp. 10-17.

horizontal rectangular isothermal element imbedded in a plane [36] Plumb, O.A., and Kennedy, L.A., Application of a k-e turbulence

adiabatic surface with a parallel adiabatic covering surface, model to natural convection from a vertical isothermal surface,

Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Mechanical Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 99, No. 1, 1977, pp. 79-85.

Engineering Congress and Exposition 2014 ASME IMECE, 2014, [37] Zheng, X., Liu, C., Liu, F., and Yang, C.-I., Turbulent transition

Paper IMECE2014-36780. simulation using the k-Ȧ model, International Journal for

[27] Oosthuizen, P.H., and Paul, J.T., Numerical study of the effect of Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 5, 1998, pp.

vent positioning on the natural convective heat transfer rate from 907-926.

a horizontal isothermal heated surface mounted in a flat adiabatic [38] Albets-Chico, X., Oliva, A., and Perez-Segarra, C.D., Numerical

base and surrounded by a protective surface, Proceedings of the experiments in turbulent natural convection using two-equation

13th UK Heat Transfer Conference UKHTC2013, 2013, Paper eddy-viscosity models, Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 130, No. 7,

UKHTC2013/66. 2008, pp. 072501-1–072401-11.

[28] Oosthuizen P.H., Natural convective heat transfer from an [39] Oosthuizen, P.H., and Naylor, D., A numerical study of laminar-

inclined isothermal square flat element mounted in a flat adiabatic to-turbulent transition in the flow over a simple recessed window-

surrounding surface, Proceedings of the 15th International Heat plane blind system, Proceedings of the 4th Canadian Solar

Transfer Conference IHTC-15, 2014, Paper IHTC15-8499. Buildings Conference, 2009, Toronto, M. Stylianou, ed., The

[29] Oosthuizen, P.H., 2015, Laminar, transitional and turbulent Solar Buildings Research Network, Montreal.

natural convective heat transfer from a horizontal rectangular [40] Xamán, J., Álvarez, G., Lira, L., and Estrada, C., Numerical study

isothermal element imbedded in a flat adiabatic surrounding of heat transfer by laminar and turbulent natural convection in tall

surface, Proceedings of the 6th ICHMT International Symposium cavities of façade elements, Energy and Buildings, Vol. 37, No. 7,

2005, pp. 787-794.

1112

- modeling weld processDiunggah olehTadeu Felix
- Heat Transfer Viva QuestionsDiunggah olehlrkiran
- Modified Hilpert Correlation for Turbulent Convective Heat Transfer from a NACA AirfoilDiunggah olehtazmaneas
- Natural Convection Heat TransferDiunggah olehbilal nuraziz
- 9. Maths - Unsteady Free Convection - L. Hari KrishnaDiunggah olehTJPRC Publications
- Module6 WorkedOut ProblemsDiunggah olehEmeka Nkwocha
- ThermalDiunggah olehYeshwanth Kohli
- my 2nd paper.pdfDiunggah olehnagesha
- Modelling & Simulation of Three-dimensional Natural Convection in a Porous BoxDiunggah olehIAEME Publication
- 15forced Convection,External Flow Over CylindersDiunggah olehananth2012
- Convection Student Slides Modul 6Diunggah olehSuta Vijaya
- exhsyshtDiunggah olehbhavnamann1
- Paper 26Diunggah olehJaspreet Singh Osahan
- Jundika-Square Duct Flow Heat TransferDiunggah olehpickpocket27
- Influence the Nozzle Shape on Local HeatDiunggah olehMeda Adimurthy
- REVIEW ON PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF HEAT EXCHANGER.Diunggah olehIJAR Journal
- 9C Chapter9 Sec.9.10 ColorDiunggah olehDaniel Alves de Andrade
- Pub 9924Diunggah olehcmegmhi
- CHAPTER 1Diunggah olehFatinnnnnn
- Test 1 AnswerDiunggah olehHilmyZulkifli
- Vaporization Rate of Liquid NitrogenDiunggah olehrianima-omb
- 1-s2.0-S1359431111006259-mainDiunggah olehАли Алжир
- EvaporatorDiunggah olehPrashant Ingale
- A Simplified Modeling of Mechanical Cooling Tower for Control and Optimization of HVAC SystemsDiunggah olehDžana Kadrić
- q 358895Diunggah olehmitev
- Hydrate Dissociation ModelingDiunggah olehEduardo Calegario
- hmt notesDiunggah olehSpartans rocks
- Beräkningsunderlag_ENG_87-108.pdfDiunggah olehErdinc
- Conservation of EnergyDiunggah olehSasankBabu
- GATE Mechanical Engineering 1999Diunggah olehGurunath Epili

- Hard Sugar Panning W Vink [Read-Only]Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Convective Heat Transfer on a Rotating Disk With Transverse Air CrossflowDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- CONVECTIVE COOLING OF A DISC BRAKE DURING SINGLE BRAKING.pdfDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- (Chapman & Hall_CRC Applied Mathematics & Nonlinear Science) Chen, Yi-Tung_ Li, Jichun-Computational Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB-CRC Press (2008)Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- deriv_navier_stokesDiunggah olehrahpooye313
- 1-s2.0-S0307904X15001158-mainDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- [1] Natural Convection Along a Vertical Wavy SurfaceDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Kompendium TurbDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Adrian Bejan - Evolution in thermodynamics.pdfDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- 2448-167X-remi-69-04-0435-1Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- (Springer Tracts in Natural Philosophy 30) William Alan Day (Auth.)-Heat Conduction Within Linear Thermoelasticity-Springer-Verlag New York (1985)Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- If There is No Pressure DropDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Fundamental LawsDiunggah olehAjith Raj
- Blasius Solution and Integral ParametersDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- LocalanalysisofthetabletcoatingprocessImpactofoperationconditionsonfilmquality.vvDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Intro Real Time Process DeterminationDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Evaluating the Scalability of Coating Process Parameters for Opadry 200Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Azur 851n Product Brochure English 2 0Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Exergetic Efficiency Optimization for an Irreversible Heat Pump Working on Reversed Brayton CycleDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Mathematical Optimization of Solar Thermal Collectors Efficiency Function Using MATLABDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Proc. R. Soc. A-2008-Sezer-3107-28Diunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Analysis of Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery From a Dual Fuel Low Temperature Combustion Engine Using an Organic Rankine CycleDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Alkanes as Working Fluids for High-temperature Exhaust Heat Recovery of Diesel Engine Using Organic Rankine CycleDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Om Manual for 4 12tca 6 12tca 70Diunggah olehALEX
- Essergy Optimization of Regenerative •Feedwater HeatersDiunggah olehSantiago Del Rio Oliveira
- Transient Solved Bessel FunctionDiunggah olehNick Estrada
- Exergetic Optimization of Solar Flat Plate CollectorsDiunggah olehlewist57

- Pump Sizing SpreadsheetDiunggah olehsyamsudin2006
- Choke Sizing CorrelationDiunggah olehEnyerberht Castañeda Brito
- FLuid Strucutre InteractionDiunggah olehgarystevensoz
- AMCA_text.pdfDiunggah olehtermomontaza
- Notes01 Fundaments Lub TheoryDiunggah olehtomekzawistowski
- FluidsDiunggah olehPramudith Liyanage
- Lecture Fm 3_usmDiunggah olehBAZIL HASSAN SAIF
- ajme-5-5-2Diunggah olehVignesh Kumar
- Reversomatic Tube Axial FansDiunggah olehAnonymous VFwMc93tKn
- Transient Flow AnalysisDiunggah olehAbhishek Sarda
- 03.pdfDiunggah olehPrastowo Priyatmoko
- Diffusivity Equation (NTNU)Diunggah olehMubin Ashraf Sheikh
- Terra132 CompleteDiunggah olehjpzambrano
- 06996032Diunggah olehMirko Pesce
- INGM 427 Slides - 1 Pump Selection.pdfDiunggah olehCornelius Rheeders
- Liner Equal Percentage Valve CharecteristicsDiunggah olehAbdullah Khan
- Drag Force Analysis of CarDiunggah olehFrederic Reblewski
- axial-8pp.pdfDiunggah olehtangouze
- fan sizeDiunggah olehAdriano Santos
- velocity headDiunggah olehMuhammad Jafar
- Siaw_Clement-Gyasi_MSc_2018_ (1).pdfDiunggah olehrasnowmah2012
- Pipe Flow ExperimentDiunggah olehprofmundy
- Simulation of Lofa in Research ReactorDiunggah olehrendydun
- Oil Water Separator TheoryDiunggah olehjlcheefei9258
- Diffuser Studies with Single- and Two-Phase FlowsDiunggah olehummonk
- lecture16.pptxDiunggah olehvamsikrishna14
- 15SJ9P9Diunggah olehJanakiraman Malliga
- Surface Self-Compensated Hydrostatic Bearings.pdfDiunggah olehramaanan
- 101197648-Fans-and-Blowers.pdfDiunggah olehJapheth Ibe
- EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF AERODYNAMIC EFFICIENCY OF MULTI WINGLETS FOR LOW SPEED OPERATIONSDiunggah olehMahalakshmi

## Lebih dari sekadar dokumen.

Temukan segala yang ditawarkan Scribd, termasuk buku dan buku audio dari penerbit-penerbit terkemuka.

Batalkan kapan saja.