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DISADVANTAGES:

ADVANTAGES OF
 MEDIUM SPANS
USING THE  LIMITED LATERAL LOAD CAPACITY AS PART
OF A MOMENT FRAME
FOLLOWING FLOOR  MAY NEED SHEAR HEADS OR SHEAR

AND ROOF SLAB REINFORCEMENT AT THE COLUMNS OR


LARGER COLUMNS FOR SHEAR

SYSTEM LONG-TERM DEFLECTION MAY BE
CONTROLLING FACTOR
 MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR SUPPORTING
FLAT SLAB – A FLAT SLAB IS A ONE-WAY BRITTLE (MASONRY) PARTITIONS
OR TWO-WAY SYSTEM WITH THICKENINGS IN  MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR HEAVY LOADS.
THE SLAB AT THE COLUMNS AND LOAD BEARING
WALLS CALLED ‘DROP PANELS’ DROP PANELS
ACT AS T-BEAMS OVER THE SUPPORTS.
RIBBED FLOOR - RIBBED FLOORS
CONSISTING OF EQUALLY SPACED RIBS ARE
ADVANTAGES : USUALLY SUPPORTED DIRECTLY BY
COLUMNS.THEY ARE EITHER ONE-WAY
 SIMPLE FORMWORK SPANNING SYSTEMS KNOWN AS RIBBED SLAB
 NO BEAMS—SIMPLIFYING UNDER-FLOOR OR A TWO-WAY RIBBED SYSTEM KNOWN AS
SERVICES OUTSIDE THE DROPS A WAFFLE SLAB.
 MINIMUM STRUCTURAL DEPTH
 USUALLY DOES NOT REQUIRE ADVANTAGES:
SHEAR REINFORCEMENT AT THE COLUMNS.
 SAVINGS ON WEIGHT AND MATERIALS
DISADVANTAGES:  LONG SPANS
 ATTRACTIVE SOFFIT APPEARANCE IF
 MEDIUM SPANS EXPOSED
 GENERALLY NOT SUITABLE FOR  ECONOMICAL WHEN REUSABLE FORMWORK
SUPPORTING BRITTLE (MASONRY) PANS USED
PARTITIONS  VERTICAL PENETRATIONS BETWEEN RIBS
 DROP PANELS MAY INTERFERE WITH ARE EASY.
LARGER MECHANICAL DUCTING
 VERTICAL PENETRATIONS NEED TO AVOID DISADVANTAGES:
AREA AROUND COLUMNS
 FOR REINFORCED FLAT SLABS, DEFLECTION  DEPTH OF SLAB BETWEEN THE RIBS MAY
AT THE MIDDLE STRIP MAY BE CRITICAL. CONTROL THE FIRE RATING
 REQUIRES SPECIAL OR PROPRIETARY
FLAT PLATE - THE FLAT PLATE IS A TWO- FORMWORK
WAY REINFORCED CONCRETE FRAMING SYSTEM  GREATER FLOOR-TO-FLOOR HEIGHT
 LARGE VERTICAL PENETRATIONS ARE MORE
UTILIZING A SLAB OF UNIFORM THICKNESS, THE
DIFFICULT TO HANDLE.
SIMPLEST OF STRUCTURAL SHAPES.
ADVANTAGES :

 SIMPLE FORMWORK AND SUITABLE FOR


DIRECT FIX OR SPRAYED CEILING
 NO BEAMS—SIMPLIFYING UNDER-FLOOR
SERVICES
 MINIMUM STRUCTURAL DEPTH AND
REDUCED FLOOR-TO FLOOR HEIGHT.