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# B.S.

## A CRESCENT ENGINEERING COLLEGE, CHENNAI-48

MONTHLY TEST NO: I1

## Branch : ECE Semester: V A & B

Subject Code : EC1302
Subject Name : DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Maximum Marks: 50 Duration: 1 ½ Hr Date & Session: 15.09. 2008 (FN)

## PART A (10 X 2 = 20)

1. Differentiate between FIR and IIR filters.
2. Derive the general system function of an IIR filter.
3. What are the drawbacks of impulse invariance method?
4. Transform the stable analog filter with transfer function
H ( s) = 1
2 into a digital filter using impulse invariance method.
s + 7 s + 12
5. What is warping effect? How to overcome this problem?
6. Define group delay and phase delay .? What is the condition to be satisfied by the
impulse response of a filter in order to have constant group delay and phase
delay?
7. What is Gibb’s phenomenon? How to avoid this problem?
8. State any three desirable features of window functions. Compare rectangular,
Hanning and Blackmann windows in terms of mainlobe width and sidelobe
amplitude level.
9. Design a Butterworth filter of order two using impulse invariance method .
10. Design a digital Butterworth filter of order one to pass all frequencies above 0.5π

PART B (3 X 10 = 30)

11.a. Design a digital IIR filter using impulse invariance technique for the following
specifications:
(i) –2 dB at 4000 Hz
(ii) 12 dB attenuation at 2000Hz.
(iii) The sampling frequency is 10000Hz.
Realize the system function using Direct form-II
OR

## b.(i) What is Bilinear transformation? Derive the transformation formula to map

filter from S- plane to the Z- plane.
(ii) Design a digital IIR filter using Bilinear transformation for the
following specifications.
0.8≤ H(ejw) ≤ 1, 0 ≤ ω ≤ 0.25π
H(ejw) ≤ 0.2, 0.6π ≤ ω ≤ π

12.a. Design a FIR filter using Hanning window to meet the following
specifications:
Passband frequency from 1000 Hz to 3000Hz.
Sampling frequency = 8000Hz.
Order of the filter =9.
Derive the frequency response and plot the magnitude and phase plots.

OR

b. (i) Derive the frequency response of a FIR filter that has an antisymmetric impulse
response and N is odd.
(ii) Determine the coefficients of an ideal Hilbert transformer using Hamming
window with 7 samples.

## 13.a. Design an ideal differentiator of order 7 using Blackmann window:

Hd(ejw) = j ω, -π ≤ ω ≤ π
Obtain the frequency response.

OR

b. Design a linear phase FIR filter using Kaiser window to meet the following
specifications:
(i) Passband edge at ωp=0.7 π with a ripple of 0.05.
(ii) Stop band edge at ωs=0.3 π with a ripple of 0.15.
Obtain the system function.