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Conveyance Heat Transfer in Solid Structures / Koram Samuel Sakyi / PhD

in Solid Mechanics

Article  in  Springer Series in Surface Sciences · July 2018


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1 author:

Samuel Sakyi Koram

Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China


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Original Research Paper

Conveyance Heat Transfer in Solids (or Solid Structures)

Koram Samuel Sakyi, Jian-Fei Lu2, Third Author2, Fourth Author1

1(1st Affiliation) Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China;
2(2nd Affiliation) Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China.

Article history Abstract: Heat conveyance problem in solid continuum is one of the key
Received: 7 July 2014 fields in mechanics. This article presents detail origins of the finite element
Revised: 28 August 2014 conditions of one, two, and three-dimensional consolidation and
Accepted: 2 September 2014 conveyance glitches. Mutually variational and Galerkin approaches are
employed to stratagem the finite element formulations. Derivation of the
*Corresponding Author: capacitance medium for the momentary heat conduction problems is
Koram S. S., carried out for the one, two and three-dimensional cases. This paper
Jiangsu University, elaborate on the conveyance heat transfer in solid structures. Additionally,
Zhenjiang, China; this article is aimed at controlling and regulating heat transfer in solid
structures be it roofing trusses/ structures, solid mechanics among others.
The key objective of this discovery is in the direction of providing a heat
transmission device that integrates a solid current conveyer moving with
respect to a warmth basis to provide high heat transmission constant
cooling to a high compactness heat cradle. An additional objective of this
discovery is to offer a strategy aimed at cooling a heat basis which runs a
sophisticated heat transmission or transfer constant than in real-world
intended for an inert transmitter project. A supplementary objective of this
discovery is to provide a strategy for cooling a heat source which runs
greater machine-driven shear rates and current slopes at the current
interface to the heat source than is applied for a current convection project.
An extra objective of this discovery is to offer a heat sink project intended
for microelectronic mechanisms that inhabits a solitary motor to compel
atmospheric gesture and the gesture of an interior solid current conveyer. A
supplementary objective of this discovery is to provide a vigorous
transmitter platter deprived of tubes or unsolidified joins. Furthermore an
extra objective of this discovery is to run an isothermal surface though by
means of a minimum of expensive high current conductivity supplies.
Moreover an additional objective of this discovery is to exemplify an
expedient for transmission of heat from a warmth basis to a warmth sink in
a solid, dependable, and cheap package.

Keywords: Continuum; heat; conveyance; solid; finite element method

(FEM); transmission; sophisticated; mechanism (keywords)

© 2014 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 3.0 license.
First Author et al, Journal Name 2014, Volume Number: Page Numbers


Heat transmission in solid bodies by conduction is administered by the reckoning gotten by the first law of
thermodynamics for the equilibrium of heat. This reckoning, for the solid state transmission and the uniform and
isotropic supplies, is Poisson’s reckoning. For tottering heat transfer, the time degree of alteration of the temperature
is additional. Owing to the similarity of the main reckoning of heat transmission with an elastic skin, we may write
the expression for the functional. Else, a conventional approach or method for deriving the expression of the
functional from thermodynamic values is not yet articulated. Consequently, the Ritz method may be used to derive
the finite element formulations of conveyance heat transfer in solids.
This is mainly conceivable owing to the scientific similarity of the overriding reckoning of heat transfer with that of
the elastic skin. That is, there is no corporeal justification for an appearance of the efficiency of heat transmission
glitches from the point of view of thermodynamics.
In this article, the finite element formulations of the heat conveyance problems in a solid field are gotten based on
both variational and prejudiced lingering approaches. The variational origins are grounded on the Ritz method, and
the prejudiced lingering origins are grounded on the Galerkin method. It is thought-provoking to note in what way
the weak formulations in the Galerkin method offer an influential means to derive all likely boundary settings in
Galerkin formulations. As per one of the first old mechanisms on application of the finite element method to heat
conveyance problems, one possibly will refer to the paper presented by Wilson and Nickell [1]
A device to transmit heat from a warmth source to a warmth basin, the device comprising of a solid current conveyer
nearby to the warmth source and the warmth sink. Heat from the warmth source is conveyed to the current conveyer;
this hotness is carried by the current conveyer, and this hotness is then relocated to the warmth sink. A peripheral
means transports the solid current conveyer with respect to the temperature basis and the warmth sink. Heat from the
temperature basis can be relocated to the current conveyer by radioactivity, by conveyance through mechanical
exchange, and by conduction or convection through a transitional current transmission liquid. In one epithet the zone
through which heat is transported from the solid current conveyer to the warmth sink is significantly better than the
zone through which heat is transported from the warmth basis to the solid current conveyer. In alternative epithet the
current conveyer carriages heat at an aloofness that remains large likened to the magnitudes of the warmth basis and
of the warmth skin or basin.

The Finite Element Method or Approach

The finite element method is undeniably a unique technique that licenses us to placate all of the following
necessities. In smearing the finite element method for resembling solutions of BVPs, one must observe the following
rudimentary steps irrespective of the type of operative and the technique of approximation used in making the
integral form.
First of all, the technique must have a comprehensive mathematical basis which need to end in an apparent
computational structure deprived of additional assumptions or guesstimates.
Next, the technique ought to be autonomous of the geometric report, that is, the area of definition of the BVP, the
nature of corporeal properties, frontier settings and the nature of peripheral turbulences.
Thirdly, the technique needs to discourse the succeeding three classes of differential operators that account for the
entirety of all BVPs. Namely; (a) self-adjoint, (b) non-self-adjoint and (c) non-linear. However, it must be deprived
of extra molds or guesstimates than those used in procurement of the calculated imageries of the conforming
corporeal procedures. Meanwhile, the subsequent computational set-up must be arithmetically unswerving and
ought to necessitate no extra ad hoc therapies.
Then, the technique must be convergent and totally steady irrespective of or perhaps notwithstanding the choice of
the grade or the directive of the basic purposes as long as such choices are allowable.
Fifthly, the technique must license sophisticated grade and advanced directive of estimates so that coarser
discretization may possibly remain practical per the anticipated grade of universal smoothness that is uttered by the
anticipated astronomy in the computational procedure.
Last of all, the technique must offer itself by means of a methodical process that can remain mechanical for use on
alphanumeric processors with intrinsic and in-built adaptivity.

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