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An S-wave shadow zone is formed as seismic

waves travel through the Earth’s body. Which
of the following statements does this S-wave
1. In 1912, Alfred Wegener proposed a theory
shadow zone indicate?
that the Earth is once a single landmass. What
A. The inner core is liquid.
is the name of the Mesozoic supercontinent
B. The inner core is solid.
that consisted of all of the present continents?
C. The mantle is solid.
A. Eurasia C. Pangaea
D. The outer core is liquid.
B. Laurasia D. Gondwanaland
9. If you are a mapmaker, what will give you an
2. Which type of seismic wave arrives first at a
idea that the continents were once joined?
A. Ocean depth
A. surface waves C. Rayleigh waves
B. Position of the south pole
B. S waves D. P waves
C. Shape of the continents
D. Size of the Atlantic Ocean
3. The point beneath Earth’s surface where the
crust breaks and triggers an earthquake is
10. The lithospheric plates are believed to be
called the _________________.
moving slowly. What is the driving force that
A. epicenter C. focus
facilitates this movement?
B. fault D. magnitude
A. gravitational force of the moon
B. magnetic force at the poles
4. Alfred Wegener hypothesized that the Earth
C. convection current in the mantle
was once made up of a single large landmass.
D. the force of the atmosphere
Which of the following theories did Wegener
II. Complete the concept map below about
A. Continental Drift Theory
continental drift, seafloor spreading, and
B. Continental Shift Theory
plate tectonics. (11- 15)
C. Plate Tectonics
D. Seafloor Spreading Theory

5. The movement of the lithospheric plates is

facilitated by a soft, weak and plastic-like layer.
Which of the following layers is described in
the statement?
A. Asthenosphere C. Lithosphere
B. Atmosphere D. Mantle

6. How do you compare the densities of the

Earth’s crust, mantle, and core?
A. The mantle is less dense than the core but
denser than the crust.
B. The mantle is less dense than both the core
and the crust.
C. The mantle is denser than the core but less
dense than the crust.
D. The mantle is denser than both the core
and the crust.

7. What makes up the lithosphere?

A. Continental crust
B. Crust and the upper mantle
C. Oceanic crust and continental crust
D. Upper mantle
III. Answer the questions completely.
(3 points each)

1. What proves the existence of the boundary

between the crust and the mantle?
2. What do the shapes of the continents now tell
us about their past?
3. Why is the Atlantic Ocean expanding and the
Pacific Ocean shrinking?
4. How does convection in the Earth’s mantle
cause plate movement?

IV. Complete the illustration of convection

current in the mantle. (3 points)

V. If the Atlantic Ocean is widening at a rate

of 3 cm per year, how far (in kilometers)
will it spread in a million years? (5 points)


Given--------- 1 pt
Conversion----- 1 pt
Equation ------- 1 pt
Solution -------- 1 pt
Final Answer ---1 pt