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In this paper, we extend the neutrosophic crisp topological spaces into N–neutrosophic crisp topological spaces (Nnc-topological space). Moreover, we introduced new types of open and closed sets in N–neutrosophic crisp topological spaces. We also present Nncsemi
(open) closed sets, Nnc-preopen (closed) sets and Nnc-α-open (closed) sets and investigate their basic properties.

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23, 2018 96

University of New Mexico

Riad K. Al-Hamido1, T. Gharibah2, S. Jafari3, F. Smarandache4

1,2

Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Al-Baath University, Homs, Syria.

1

E-mail: riad-hamido1983@hotmail.com 2E-mail: taleb.gharibah@gmail.com

3

College of Vestsjaelland South,Herrestraede 11,4200 Slagelse, Denemark.

E-mail: jafaripersia@gmail.com

2

Department of Mathematics, University of New Mexico 705 Gurley Ave. Gallup, NM 87301, USA.

E-mail: smarand@unm.edu

Abstract. In this paper, we extend the neutrosophic crisp topological spaces into N–

types of open and closed sets in N–neutrosophic crisp topological spaces. We also present Nnc-

semi (open) closed sets, Nnc-preopen (closed) sets and Nnc-α-open (closed) sets and investigate

Introduction

The concept of non-rigid (fuzzy) sets introduced in 1965 by L. A. Zadeh [11] which revolu-

tionized the field of logic and set theory. Since the need for supplementing the classical two-

valued logic with respect to notions with rigid extension engendered the concept of fuzzy set.

Soon after its advent, this notion has been utilized in different fields of research such as, deci-

sion-making problems, modelling of mental processes, that is, establishing a theory of fuzzy

algorithms, control theory, fuzzy graphs, fuzzy automatic machine etc., and in general topolo-

gy. Three years after the presence of the concept of fuzzy set, Chang [3] introduced and de-

veloped the theory of fuzzy topological spaces. Many researchers focused on this theory and

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache . On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 97

they developed it further in different directions. Then another new notion called intuitionistic

fuzzy set was established by Atanassov [2] in 1983. Coker [4] introduced the notion of intui-

and neutrosophic set ([7], [8]). A. A. Salama and S. A. Alblowi [5] introduced the notions of

neutrosophic crisp set and neutrosophic crisp topological space. In 2014, A.A. Salama, F.

Smarandache and V. Kroumov [6] presented the concept of neutrosophic crisp topological

space ( ). W. Al-Omeri [1] also investigated neutrosophic crisp sets in the context of neu-

trosophic crisp topological Spaces. The geometric existence of N -topology was given by M.

Lellis Thivagar et al. [10], which is a nonempty set equipped with N-arbitrary topologies. The

notion of Nn-open (closed) sets and N-neutrosophic topological spaces are introduced by M. Lellis

In this paper, we explore the possibility of expanding the concept of neutrosophic crisp

Further, we develop the concept of open (closed) sets, semiopen (semiclosed) sets, preopen

(preclosed) sets and α-open (α-closed) sets in the context of N-neutrosophic crisp topological

1.Preliminaries

In this section, we discuss some basic deﬁnitions and properties of N -topological spaces and

Definition 1.1. [6] Let X be a non-empty fixed set. A neutrosophic crisp set (NCS) A is an

object having the form A = { A1 , A2 , A3}, where A1 , A 2 and A 3 are subsets of X satisfying

A1 A2 = , A1 A3 = and A2 A3 = .

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

98 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018

1. N = ( , , X ) or

2. N = ( , X , X ) or

3. N = ( , X , ) or

4. N = ( , , ) .

1. X N = ( X , , ) or

2. X N = ( X , X , ) or

3. X N = ( X , X , X ) .

Definition 1.3. [6] Let X be a nonempty set, and the NCSs A and B be in the form

1. A B A1 B1 , A2 B2 and B3 A3 .

2. A B A1 B1 , B2 A2 and B3 A3 .

Definition 1.4. [6] Let X be a non-empty set and the NCSs A and B in the form

i ) A B = (A1 B 1 , A 2 B 2 , A 3 B 3 )

ii ) A B = (A1 B 1 , A 2 B 2 , A 3 B 3 ).

i ) A B = (A1 B 1 , A 2 B 2 , A 3 B 3 )

ii ) A B = (A1 B 1 , A 2 B 2 , A 3 B 3 ).

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology

via N-Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 99

1. N , X N .

2. A1 A2 , for any A1 and A2 .

3. Aj , { Aj : j J } .

The pair (X, ) is said to be a neutrosophic crisp topological space (NCTS) in X. Moreover,

the elements in Γ are said to be neutrosophic crisp open sets (NCOS). A neutrosophic crisp

set F is closed (NCCS) if and only if its complement Fc is an open neutrosophic crisp set.

Definition 1.6. [6] Let X be a non-empty set, and the NCSs A be in the form

ii ) Ac = A3 , A2 , A1 or

iii ) Ac = A3 , A2c , A1 .

2.Nnc-Topological Spaces

and discuss their basic properties. Moreover, we introduced new types of open and closed sets

Definition 2.1: Let X be a non-empty set. Then ncτ1, ncτ2, ..., ncτN are N-arbitrary crisp topolo-

N

N nc = {G X : G = ( B i ) N nc , A i , B i nc i }

N

Ai ) ( i =1

i =1

1. N , X N N nc .

2. G i N nc for all {G i }i=1 N nc .

i =1

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

100 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018

n

3. G i N nc for all {G i }in=1 N nc .

i =1

Then (X, Nncτ) is called Nnc-topological space on X. The elements of Nncτ are known as

Nnc-open (Nnc- OS) sets on X and its complement is called Nnc-closed (Nnc- CS) sets on X.

Remark 2.2: Considering N = 2 in Deﬁnition 2.1, we get the required deﬁnition of bi-

neutrosophic crisp topology on X. The pair (X, 2nc) is called a bi-neutrosophic crisp topolog-

ical space on X.

Remark 2.3: Considering N = 3 in Deﬁnition 2.1, we get the required deﬁnition of tri-

neutrosophic crisp topology on X. The pair (X, 3nc) is called a tri-neutrosophic crisp topolog-

ical space on X.

Example 2.4:

X = {1, 2,3, 4}, nc1 = {N , X N , A}, nc 2 = {N , X N , B},nc 3 = {N , X N }

A = {3},{2, 4},{1} , B = {1},{2},{2,3} ,

A B = {1,3},{2, 4}, , A B = ,{2},{1, 2,3} , Then we get

3nc = {N , X N , A , B , A B , A B }

which is a tri-neutrosophic crisp topology on X. The pair (X, 3ncτ) is called a tri-neutrosophic

Example 2.5:

A = {3},{2, 4},{1} , B = {1},{2},{2,3} ,

A B = {1,3},{2, 4}, , A B = ,{2},{1, 2,3} , Then

2nc = {N , X N , A , B , A B , A B }

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology

via N-Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 101

which is a bi-neutrosophic crisp topology on X. The pair (X, 2ncτ) is called a bi-neutrosophic

Proposition 2.7: Let (X, Nncτ) be any Nnc-topological space. If A and B are any

two Nnc-sets in (X, Nncτ), so the Nnc-closure operator satisfies the following

properties:

(i) A ⊆ Nnccl(A).

(iii) Nnccl(A ∪ B) = Nnccl(A) ∪ Nnccl(B).

Proof

⊆ Nnccl(B).

B) = Nnccl(A) ∪ Nnccl(B).

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

102 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018

Proposition 2.8: Let (X, Nncτ) be any Nnc-topological space. If A and B are any

two Nnc-sets in (X, Nncτ ), then the Nncint(A) operator satisfies the following

properties:

(i) Nncint(A) ⊆ A.

Proof

Nncint(A)⊆ Nncint(B).

is an

Nnc-open set in X and Ac ⊇ Gc} = Nncint(A)c. Thus, (Nnccl(A))c = Nncint(A)c.

(v) Nncint(A) = ∪ {G: G is an Nnc-open set in X and A ⊇ G}, (Nncint(A))c = ∩{Gc : Gc

is

a Nnc-closed set in X and Ac ⊇ Gc} = Nnccl(A)c. Thus, (Nncint(A))c = Nnccl(A)c.

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology

via N-Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 103

Proposition 2.9:

Let (X, Nncτ ) be any Nnc-topological space. If A is a Nnc-sets in (X, Nncτ), the fol-

Definition 3.1: Let (X, Nncτ) be any Nnc-topological space. Let A be an Nnc-set in

preopen set is called an Nnc-preopen set in X. The family of all Nnc-P-OS (resp. Nnc-

Example 3.2:

nc 1

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

104 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018

which is a bi-neutrosophic crisp topology on X. Then the pair (X, 2ncτ) is a bi-neutrosophic

crisp topological space on X. If H = {a, b },{c },{d } ,then H is a Nnc-P-OS but not Nnc--

on X then

Proposition 3.4: Let (X, Nncτ) be any Nnc-topological space. If A and B are any two

Nnc-sets in (X, Nncτ), then the Nnc-S-closure operator satisfies the following proper-

ties:

(i) A ⊆ Nnc-k-cl(A).

(ii) Nnc-k-int(A) ⊆ A.

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology

via N-Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 105

Proposition 3.5:

Let (X, Nncτ) be any Nnc-topological space. If A is an Nnc-sets in (X, Nncτ). Then the

Proposition 3.6:

Let (X, Nncτ) be a Nnc-topological space on X. Then the following statements hold

Proposition 3.7:

Let (X, Nncτ) be a Nnc-topological space on X, then the following statements hold,

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

106 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018

Proof.

Proposition 3.8:

(resp. Nnc-P-CS).

Proof. The necessity condition follows from the Definition 3.1. Suppose that A is

Nnccl(Nnccl(Nncint(A)))= Nnccl(Nncint(A)).

OS.

Proposition 3.9:

Theorem 3.10:

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology

via N-Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 107

Theorem 3.11:

ANncOS(X)) iff there exists an Nnc- OS H such that H⊆A⊆ Nncint (Nnccl (A)).

Proposition 3.12:

Remark 3.13:

The following diagram shows the relations among the different types of weakly

Nnc-P-OS

+

Nnc-S-OS

Nnc-OS Nnc--OS

Nnc-P-OS +

Nnc-S-OS

Diagram (3.1)

Conclusion

In this work, we have introduced some new notions of N-neutrosophic crisp open

(closed) sets called Nnc-semi (open) closed sets, Nnc-preopen (closed) sets, and Nnc-α-open

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

108 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018

(closed) sets and studied some of their basic properties in the context of neutrosophic crisp

topological spaces. The neutrosophic crisp semi- -closed sets can be used to derive a new de-

References

[1] W. Al-Omeri, Neutrosophic crisp Sets via Neutrosophic crisp Topological Spaces

[2] K. Atanassov, Intuitionistic fuzzy sets, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 20(1986), 87-96.

[3] C. Chang., Fuzzy topological spaces, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 24(1968), 182-190.

[4] D. Coker., An introduction to intuitionistic fuzzy topological spaces, Fuzzy sets and

systems, 88(1997),81-89.

[6] A. A. Salama, F. Smarandache and V. Kroumov, Neutrosophic crisp Sets and Neutro

sophic crisp Topological Spaces, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol.2, 2014, pp. 25-

30.

sophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability. American Research Press, Rehoboth, NM, (1999).

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology

via N-Topology

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 23, 2018 109

[9] M. L. Thivagar, S. Jafari, V. Antonysamy and V.Sutha Devi, The Ingenuity of Neutro-

sophic Topology via N-Topology, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vlo.19, 2018, pp. 91-

100.

Riad K. Al-Hamido, Taleb Gharibah ,S.Jafari and F.Smarandache. On Neutrosophic Crisp Topology via N-

Topology

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