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Tingkat Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Perilaku Masyarakat Mengenai Rabies di Desa

Keliki Kecamatan Tegallalang Kabupaten Gianyar

ABSTRAK
Rabies disebut juga penyakit anjing gila yang merupakan penyakit infeksi akut pada susunan
saraf pusat (otak) disebabkan oleh virus rabies. Infeksi rabies pada manusia maupun hewan
yang telah menunjukkan gejala dan tanda klinis rabies pada otak berakhir dengan kematian.
Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku
masyarakat mengenai penyakit rabies di Desa Keliki, Kecamatan Tegallalang, Kabupaten
Gianyar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah peneletian deskriptif cross-sectional dengan jumlah
sampel sebanyak 96 responden yang dilakukan di Banjar Keliki, Desa Keliki, Kecamatan
Tegallalang Kabupaten Gianyar. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer yang didapatkan
dari kuesioner dan dianalisis menggunakan SPSS. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa
sebagian besar responden memliki tingkat pengetahuan yang baik (56 orang, 58,3%),
komponen pengetahuan tertinggi adalah cara penularan rabies (91,7%) dan yang terendah
mengenai penyebab rabies (66,7%). Sikap responden terhadap rabies sebagian besar dengan
kategori cukup (46 orang, 47,1%) pemberian vaksin secara teratur terhadap anjing
merupakan skor tertinggi (88,5%) dan skor terendah mengenai setuju agar anjing liar harus
dieliminasi (51,4%). Sebagian besar responden memelihara anjing dengan cara dibebaskan
kemana saja hingga keluar pekarangan (48,2%) dan sudah divaksin (98,8%). Penelitian ini
menyimpulkan sebagian besar responden memiliki tingkat pengetahuan yang baik, sikap
dengan kategori cukup dan sebagian besar responden memelihara anjing dengan cara
dibebaskan kemana saja hingga luar pekarangan dan sudah divaksin secara teratur.

Kata kunci: rabies, pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku.

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Level of Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of Community About Rabies in Keliki
Village, Tegallalang, Gianyar

ABSTRACT
Rabies is also called mad dog disease which is an acute infection of the central nervous
system (brain) caused by rabies virus. Rabies infection in humans and animals which have
been showing symptoms and clinical signs in their brain ends with death. The purpose of this
research was to determine the level of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of people about
rabies in Keliki Village, Tegallalang, Gianyar. The research method used was cross-
sectional descriptive research with 96 respondents in Banjar Keliki, Keliki Village,
Tegallalang, Gianyar. This research used primary data which was obtained from
questionnaires and analyzed by using SPSS. The result of the research showed that most of
the respondents had good level of knowledge (56 respondents, 58,3%), the highest knowledge
component was rabies transmission (91,7%) and the lowest was causes of the rabies
(66,7%). Respondent’s attitude about rabies are mostly sufficient (46 respondents, 47,1%),
regular vaccine against dogs is the highest score (88,5%) and the lowest score is agreed to
wild dongs to be eliminated (51,4%). Most of the respondents kept the dog go anywhere out
of the yard (48,2%) and vaccinated (98.8%). This research concluded that most of the
respondents have a god level of knowledge, good enough attitude, and most of the
respondents keep the dog go anywhere out of the yard and have been vaccinated regularly.

Key words : rabies, knowledge, attitude, behavior.

ii
DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
ABSTRAK ........................................................................................................................ i
ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................................ ii
DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR TABEL .............................................................................................................. iv
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ..................................................................................................... v
BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah .............................................................................................. 2
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................................................ 2
1.4 Manfaat Penelitian .............................................................................................. 3
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ........................................................................................ 4
2.1 Rabies ................................................................................................................. 4
2.2 Tingkat Pengetahuan ........................................................................................... 8
2.3 Sikap ................................................................................................................... 9
2.4 Perilaku ............................................................................................................... 10
BAB III METODE PENELITIAN .................................................................................... 11
3.1 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian .............................................................................. 11
3.2 Rancangan Penelitian ......................................................................................... 11
3.3 Populasi dan Sampel ........................................................................................... 11
3.4 Variabel dan Definisi Operasional ...................................................................... 12
3.5 Instrumen dan Cara Pengumpulan Data .............................................................. 13
3.6 Analisis Data ....................................................................................................... 14
BAB IV HASIL ................................................................................................................. 15
BAB V PEMBAHASAN ................................................................................................... 20
BAB VI SIMPULAN DAN SARAN ................................................................................ 24
7.1 Simpulan ............................................................................................................. 24
7.2 Saran ................................................................................................................... 24
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ........................................................................................................ 25

DAFTAR TABEL

iii
Halaman
Tabel 1. Definisi Operasional Variabel ................................................................................... 12
Tabel 2. Karakteristik Responden ........................................................................................... 15
Tabel 3. Distribusi Tingkat Pengetahuan Responden Mengenai Rabies......................... 16
Tabel 4. Capaian Skor Responden Berdasarkan Komponen Pengetahuan ..................... 16
Tabel 5. Distribusi Sikap Responden Mengenai Rabies.................................................... 17
Tabel 6. Capaian Skor Responden Berdasarkan Komponen Sikap ................................. 17
Tabel 7. Cara Pemeliharan dan Riwayat VAR Pada Anjing ............................................. 18

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

1. Lembar Persetujuan Menjadi Responden


2. Kuesioner