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YUSRON SURYO PAMBUDI (201610340311187)

Daftar Isi

Lembar Pengesahan ..................................................................................................................


Lembar Asistensi .......................................................................................................................
Kata Pengantar ...........................................................................................................................
Lembar Soal ...............................................................................................................................
Daftar Isi .................................................................................................................................... i
Daftar Gambar .......................................................................................................................... ii
Daftar Tabel ...............................................................................................................................
iv

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ...................................................................................................... 1


1.1 Pengenalan Software ............................................................................................... 1

BAB II DASAR TEORI .......................................................................................................... 4


2.1 Reservoir ................................................................................................................. 4
2.2 Pompa ...................................................................................................................... 4
2.2.1 Kapasitas Pompa ...................................................................................... 5
2.2.2 Head .......................................................................................................... 5
2.2.3 Daya ......................................................................................................... 6
2.2.4 Effisiensi .................................................................................................. 8
2.2.4 Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) .........................................................
10
2.3 Sistem Perpipaan ..................................................................................................... 11
2.3.1 Aliran Air Dalam Pipa ................................................................................ 11
2.3.2 Sistem Transmisi Air Bersih ...................................................................... 11
2.3.3 Sistem Distribusi Air Bersih ...................................................................... 11
2.3.4 Jenis - Jenis Pipa ........................................................................................ 11
2.3.5 Katup dan Sambungan ............................................................................... 12
2.3.6 Pembesaran dan Pengecilan Pipa .............................................................. 14
2.4 Kehilangan Energi Mayor ....................................................................................... 16
2.4.1 Persamaan Darcy Weisbach ...................................................................... 16
2.4.2 Persamaan Hazen-Williams ...................................................................... 18
2.5 Kehilangan Energi Minor ....................................................................................... 19

BAB III PENGENALAN WATERNET ................................................................................... 23

BAB IV HASIL PRAKTIKUM ............................................................................................... 39

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN .................................................................................. 67


5.1 Kesimpulan ............................................................................................................. 67
5.2 Saran ....................................................................................................................... 67

Laporan Praktikum Waternet | i


YUSRON SURYO PAMBUDI (201610340311187)
Daftar Gambar
Gambar 2.1 Head Pompa .......................................................................................... 5
Gambar 2.2 Kurva untuk kerja pompa ...................................................................... 6
Gambar 2.3 Daya Pompa .......................................................................................... 6
Gambar 2.4 Daya Penggerak Pompa ........................................................................ 8
Gambar 2.5 Daya Penggerak Poros .......................................................................... 9
Gambar 2.6 Jenis - Jenis Tee ................................................................................... 14
Gambar 2.7 Pembesaran dan Pengecilan Pipa Secara Tiba-tiba................................ 14
Gambar 2.8 Pembesaran dan Pengecilan Pipa Secara Gradual .................................15
Gambar 2.9 Diagram Koefisien Pembesaran Pipa Secara Gradual .......................... 16
Gambar 2.10 Diagram Koefisien Pembesaran Pipa Secara Gradual ........................ 17
Gambar 2.11 Turbulensi Pada Fitting ....................................................................... 22
Gambar 3.1 Layar Waternet Saat Dibuka ................................................................. 23
Gambar 3.2 Layar Waternet ...................................................................................... 24
Gambar 3.3 Tombol Perintah .................................................................................... 25
Gambar 3.4 Jendela Open Waternet ......................................................................... 26
Gambar 3.5 Jendela Pengatur Kertas Waternet ........................................................ 27
Gambar 3.6 Jendela Kerja Waternet ......................................................................... 27
Gambar 3.7 Jaringan Pipa Sederhana ....................................................................... 28
Gambar 3.8 Jaringan Pipa Sederhana Dengan Reservoir ......................................... 28
Gambar 3.9 Jendela Pengaturan Node ...................................................................... 30
Gambar 3.10 Jendela Pengaturan Pipa ..................................................................... 30
Gambar 3.11 Tampilan Variable Penting ................................................................. 31
Gambar 3.12 Laporan Singkat Hasil Running .......................................................... 31
Gambar 3.13 Jaringan Pipa Dengan Arah Aliran ..................................................... 32
Gambar 3.14 Jaringan Pipa Dengan data Nodes .......................................................32
Gambar 3.15 Jaringan Pipa Dengan Kontur Elevasi ................................................ 33
Gambar 3.16 Jendela Waternet Cetak ....................................................................... 35
Gambar 3.17 Jendela Output .....................................................................................36
Gambar 3.18 Data Output Waternet ......................................................................... 36
Gambar 3.19 Jendela Laporan Waternet ................................................................... 38
Gambar 4.1 Layar Waternet Saat Dibuka ................................................................. 46
Gambar 4.2 Jendela Open Waternet ......................................................................... 47
Gambar 4.3 Jendela Persetujuan Waternet ............................................................... 47

Laporan Praktikum Waternet | ii


YUSRON SURYO PAMBUDI (201610340311187)
Gambar 4.4 Jendela Pengaturan Kertas Waternet ..................................................... 47
Gambar 4.5 Jendela Kerja Waternet ......................................................................... 47
Gambar 4.6 Tombol Perintah ................................................................................... 49
Gambar 4.7 Jaringan Pipa Beserta Notasinya .......................................................... 49
Gambar 4.8 Detail Reservoir .................................................................................... 50
Gambar 4.9 Detail Salah Satu Node ......................................................................... 50
Gambar 4.10 Detail Salah Satu Pipa ......................................................................... 51
Gambar 4.11 Jaringan Pipa Dengan Nomor Node ....................................................51
Gambar 4.12 Detail Pompa ....................................................................................... 52
Gambar 4.13 Tampilan Variable Penting ................................................................. 54
Gambar 4.14 Laporan Singkat Hasil Running .......................................................... 54
Gambar 4.15 Jaringan Pipa Eksisting ....................................................................... 55
Gambar 4.16 Kontur Elevasi .................................................................................... 55
Gambar 4.17 Kontur Energi Relatif .......................................................................... 56
Gambar 4.18 Kontur Energi Absolut ........................................................................ 56
Gambar 4.19 Grafik Node Energi Relatif ................................................................. 57
Gambar 4.20 Grafik Node Demand .......................................................................... 57
Gambar 4.21 Grafik Node Energi Absolute ............................................................. 58
Gambar 4.22 Grafik Pipa Discharge ......................................................................... 58
Gambar 4.23 Grafik Kehilangan Energi ................................................................... 59

Laporan Praktikum Waternet | iii


YUSRON SURYO PAMBUDI (201610340311187)
Daftar Tabel

Tabel 2.1 Jenis Katup Beserta Fungsinya ................................................................. 12

Tabel 2.2 Panjang Equivalen dari katup dan sambungan ......................................... 13

Tabel 2.3 Koefisien pembesaran pipa secara tiba-tiba ..............................................14

Tabel 2.4 Koefisien pengecilan pipa secara tiba-tiba ............................................... 14

Tabel 2.5 Diameter Kekasaran Beberapa Bahan ...................................................... 18

Tabel 2.6 Koefisien Kekasaran pada pipa ................................................................ 19

Tabel 2.7 Koefisien Kehilangan Energi Minor pada Fitting .....................................20

Tabel 3.1 Kebutuhan Air .......................................................................................... 42

Table 3.2 Perhitungan Panjang Pipa ......................................................................... 43

Tabel 3.3 Perhitungan Elevasi .................................................................................. 44

Tabel 3.4 Input Data Waterneet ............................................................................... 45

Laporan Praktikum Waternet | iv