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A B C D E F G H

7 Trigonometry
8 These functions are the same as Excel functions with the same names (excluding an
9 underscore), except they work with the angles in decimal degrees (Excel functions operate
on the angles in radians)
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11
12 cos_(ang)
13 sin_(ang)
14 tan_(ang)
15 acos_(number)
16 asin_(number)
17 atan_(number)
18 atan2_(number1,number2)
19
20 Examples:
21 ang = 30
22 num = 0.5
23 sin_(ang) = #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 asin_(num) = #VALUE! #VALUE!
25 tan_(45.7) = #VALUE! #VALUE!
26
27
28 Angles
29 These functions provide functionality for formatting and converting angles. Angles in deg-min-sec are text
30 strings and should be converted to decimal degrees with the deg function for use in math operations.

31
32 ang_(deg, min, sec) enters angle in deg-min-sec format
33 deg……………...….. degree part of an angle (integer)
34 min……….…....…… minute part of an angle (optional positive integer < 60)
35 sec…………..……… second part of an angle (optional positive decimal number < 60)
36
37 dms(ang, num_dec) converts angle in decimal degrees into a deg-min-sec text string
38 ang……………...….. angle in decimal degrees
39 num_dec…………… optional parameter that specifies number of digits after decimal point in the second
component of the deg-min-sec. If omitted, none is used. This parameter controls the
40 precision of the conversion (ang being rounded off).
41
42
43 deg(ang) converts deg-min-sec text string into decimal degrees
44 ang……………...….. deg-min-sec text string
45
46 Examples:
47 ang1 = 30.1236
48 ang2 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
49 ang1+ang2 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
50 ang1+ang2 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
51 12*sin(ang3) = #VALUE! #VALUE!
52
53
A B C D E F G H
54 Fractions and Feet-Inch Conversions
55 These functions convert/round numbers to specified format/fraction. The fraction accuracy is specified by the
56 denominator. The resulting fraction is an equivalent fraction with the smallest denominator. For example 0.5 with
specified denominator of 8 equal to 4/8 transformed to 1/2.
57
58
59 fr(num,denom) rounds a decimal number to a fraction based on the specified denominator. The
60 resulting fraction is in Excel fractional format and can be used like any other number
in the spreadsheet except formulas operating on cell ranges.
61
62 num……………...…. decimal number
63 denom…....….…..… optional positive integer equal to the fraction denominator. 16 is used if it is
omitted
64
65
66 fi(num, denom) converts decimal number into feet-inch text string. it must be converted into a
67 decimal number with fdfunction when used in the math operations.
68 num……………...…. decimal number
69 denom…....….…..… optional positive integer equal to the fraction denominator of the inch-part. 16 is
used if it is omitted.
70
71
72 fd(ft-in) converts feet-inchtext string into decimal number
73 ft-in……………...…. text string in feet-inch format (ft-in must be previously obtained using the fi function)
74
75 Examples:
76 num1 = -30.6789
77 num1_16 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
78 num1_4 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
79 num1_32 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
80 num2 = .75-num1_32 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
81 A = num1_ft_in_8 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
82 A-6.7 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
83 A_dec = #VALUE! #VALUE!
84 num3 = #VALUE! #VALUE!
85
86
87 Cell Formula
88 The cell formula function pr_frml returns an expanded version of the cell formula with cell references replaced by
89 the corresponding values.
Notes:
90 1. Range references that include a colon (:) (e.g. K219:L220) are not expanded.
91 2. References to external spreadsheets are expanded only if these spreadsheets are opened concurrently with
the workbook containing the reference.
92
93
94 pr_frml(cell_ref) returns an expanded version of the formula contained in the target cell
95 cell_ref…………..… reference to target cell (e.g. a16)
96
97 Examples:
98 a= 3.797
99 b= 1.90 #VALUE!
100 c= #VALUE! #VALUE!
101 c= #VALUE! #VALUE!
102
A B C D E F G H
104 Cell Inspector (F2 key)
105 Press F2 to display active cell formula and its expanded version with the cell references replaced by the
106 corresponding values.
Notes:
107 1. Range references that include a colon (:) (e.g. K219:L220) are not expanded.
108 2. References to external spreadsheets are expanded only if these spreadsheets are opened concurrently with the
workbook containing reference.
109
110
111
112 Cell Range Linker/Transformer (F3 key)
113 The Cell Range Linker/Transformer creates a new cell range that is linked to the target range. The pattern of
the new range is derived from the target range based on the chosen transformation option. Press F3 to launch
114 the Cell Range Linker/Transformer, and follow the instructions.
115
116
117 Examples:
118
119 Target Range
120 1 5
121 2 6
122 3 7
123 4 8
124
125 Range linked to Target Range with Option
126 1 2 3 4
127 5 6 7 8
128
129 Range linked to Target Range with Option
130 5 1
131 6 2
132 7 3
133 8 4
134
135 Range linked to Target Range with Option
136 4 8
137 3 7
138 2 6
139 1 5
140
Technical Reference - Spread Footing

Case I
EB

B
pmax = [P (1+6EL/L+6EB/B)] / [BL]
EL

Case II
EB

B
Dim2

pmax = KP / BL (K from chart)


EL Dim1 = xL (x from chart)
Dim2 = yB (y from chart)
Dim1
L

Dim1 L
EB g
EB f

Dim2

Dim1
B
B

EL g EL f
Dim2
L
Case IIIa Case IIIb
f = [L(1+2r+3r )] / [4(1+r+r )] (solve for r)
2 2

Dim1 = [4g(1+r+r2)] / [1+r+r2+r3]


Dim2 = r x Dim1
pmax = 6P / [L x Dim1(1+r+r2)]

Dim2
Case IV
EB F

Dim1

pmax = 3R / 8FG
B

EL Dim1 = 4F
G
Dim2 = 4G
Contact Pressure for Footing Loaded Eccentrically about Two Axes
Modified after AREA (1980)
L
Reinforced Concrete Section Analysis - Technical Reference
WW 0.85F'c
0.003 n x fc

As4 d4
es4 fs4

b1C

C
M
WH P
As3 Stress Strain
As2 d3 Center es3 fs3
As1 d2 Gravity es2 fs2
d1 es1 fs1
Strength Working
Stress

FW 0.85F'c
0.003 n x fc
FH

As4 d4 b1C es4 fs4

C
WW M
P
As3
WH

Stress Strain
As2 d3 Center es3 fs3
As1 d2 Gravity es2 fs2
d1 es1 fs1
Strength Working
Stress

· Strength analysis is based on an equilibrium and stress/strain compatibility as outlined in the ACI and
AASHTO Codes.

· The tensile strength of the concrete is neglected.

· In strength analysis stress in reinforcement = 29000es £ Fy.

· b1 = 0.85; F'c £ 4.0 ks;


b1 = 0.85 - 0.05(F'c-4) ³ 0.65; F'c > 4.0 ksi

Tension Axial Load (Pu < 0 ) Note:


To determine moment resistance (Mr), the spreadsheet uses formula: Mr = Mo(1-Pu/Po) for cases where
a center of gravity of the reinforcement is not coincidental with the center of gravity of the concrete
section.
Mo – moment resistance corresponding to Pu=0
Po - axial tensile resistance corresponding to Mu=0 (Po is based on a portion of the specified
reinforcement that has the same center of gravity as the concrete section)
A B C D E F G H I J
1 Workbook ID: Demo (workbook can't be saved)
2 Workbook Version: 1.01
3 Workbook licensed to:
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13 Select Subject
14 Contact Technical Support
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17
18 Function Key Reassignment
19
20 Macro/Custom Function First Key + Second Key
21 Cell Inspector none F2
22 Cell Range Linker/Transf. none F3
23 set_t_sect Alt F8
24 set_r_sect Alt F9
25 rc_ult; rc_strs Alt F10
26 brg_press Alt F11
27
28 Note:
29 Demo version does not support key reassignment.
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