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DOCUMENT NO. REV.

PT Caltex Pacific Indonesia PP-CI-SV-001 1


DATE : AUG 28, 2001 SHEET : 1 OF 10

SPECIFICATION PREPARED BY Darmawan B. DBS


CHECKED BY Darmawan B. DBS
APPROVED BY Shawn SPD

SURFACE INVESTIGATION

PT. CALTEX PACIFIC INDONESIA

REV DATE PAGES DESCRIPTION PREP’D CHK’D APP’D

0 28/08/01 ALL ISSUED FOR IMPLEMENTATION DBS DBS SPD


1 15/5/02 ALL CPI SPEC REVIEW TEAM (FIB, WWK) Team Team Team
TABLE OF CONTENT

1. GENERAL .......................................................................................................................... 2

1.1. Scope........................................................................................................................ 2
1.2. References................................................................................................................. 3
1.3. Terminology.............................................................................................................. 3

2. METHODOLOGY AND EXECUTION PLAN ................................................................... 4

2.1. Scope of Works.......................................................................................................... 4


2.2. Installation of Benchmark .......................................................................................... 4
2.3. Control Point Survey ................................................................................................. 6

3. TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY............................................................................................ 7

3.1. Horizontal Control Survey ......................................................................................... 7


3.2. Vertical Control Survey.............................................................................................. 7
3.3. The Whole Site Survey, Cross / Longitudinal survey..................................................... 8
3.4. The Gathering Station................................................................................................ 8
3.5. Topographical Survey for Pipeline Route .................................................................... 8
3.6. Topographical Survey for Road & Location ............................................................... 9
3.7. Topographical Survey for Borrow Pit ......................................................................... 9

OPTIONAL ATTACHEMENTS FOR THIS SPECIFICATION:

ADDENDUM 1: “Project Specific Clarifications & Requirements”


PT. CALTEX PACIFIC INDONESIA Surface Investigation
PP-CI-SV-001 Rev. 1

1. GENERAL

1.1. Scope
This specification prescribes the requirements for surface investigation. The objective of
surface investigation is aimed to obtain information of topographical condition at survey
location.
1.1.1. Scope of surface investigation specification are:
1.1.1.1 This specification covers the requirements for the performance of surface
investigation.
1.1.1.2 The purpose of this work is to establish topography within the sites
where the proposed facilities will be constructed. Establish road /
drainage patterns at these sites and gathers other site information to
support the design and construction of proposed facilities.
1.1.1.3 The work shall include, but not be limited to, the performing of a field
survey and the preparation of reproducible drawings for recording and
transmitting of data developed by fieldwork. The areas to be surveyed
and the proposed facilities are shown base map area drawing.
1.1.1.4 The work shall be performed by a firm or CONTRACTOR experienced
in land surveying and shall be under the direction of a qualified graduate
engineer or land surveyor. The CONTRACTOR shall supply all
professional services, labor, tools and equipment to perform the field and
office work required to complete the site survey and develop data and
drawings required by this specification.
1.1.1.5 The COMPANY reserves the right to change and / or redefine the area to
be surveyed as necessary to suit the conditions during both site survey
investigation and the design for construction of proposed facilities.
1.1.1.6 The CONTRACTOR shall establish horizontal control points in order to
position the topographic events during all activities, using any coordinate
stations as supplied by COMPANY or as generally known.
1.1.1.7 The CONTRACTOR shall locate all existing above and below ground
surface including, but not limited to roadways, footpath, river, accessible
utilities creek, swampy area etc, within the areas specified to be survey.
The CONTRACTOR shall also provide ground surface elevations where
there are changes in grade slopes due to surface features and also on grid
of 20 meters by 20 meters.
1.1.1.8 The CONTRACTOR shall prepare reproducible drawings of sites
showing all facilities and features located, along with specified
elevations for these facilities and spot ground surface on maximum
spacing on grid of 20 meters by 20 meters. The CONTRACTOR shall
use his own discretion to determine if contours are necessary to fully
define existing field conditions or features. All reproducible drawing
shall be 27 inches by 39 inches between borders with paper size 28

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PT. CALTEX PACIFIC INDONESIA Surface Investigation
PP-CI-SV-001 Rev. 1

inches by 40 inches. All dimension and elevation shown on the drawing


shall be in metric units. At the completion of work, the CONTRACTOR
shall furnish to the COMPANY copies of all field notes taken at the sites.
1.1.1.9 The CONTRACTOR will be required to furnish to the COMPANY
completed drawings. 1 (one) reproducible drawing, 3 (three) copies of
final report and the topographic map will also be submitted in CD rom
which is transferable to Micro Station.

1.2. References
1.2.1. Related Specifications
The following specifications prescribe item of related work.
?? SP-CI-GG-002 General Specification for Civil and Structural
?? SP-CI-RL-001 Field Road and Piping Corridor
?? SP-CI-CI-001 General Earthwork
Coordinate work prescribed by this specification with work prescribed by the
above list specifications. When there is a discrepancy between the specification
and reference, the most stringent will govern.
1.2.2. Code and Standard
The publications listed below form part of this specification. Each publication
shall be the latest revision and addendum in effect at the time of the project's
execution unless noted otherwise. Except as modified by the requirements
specified herein or the details of the drawings, all work included in this
specification shall conform to applicable provisions of these publications.
1.2.2.1 OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
OSHA Construction Industry Standards, Title 29, Code of Federal
Regulations, Part 1926, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction

1.3. Terminology
In this specification, the following words and terms shall have the meanings hereby
assigned to them, unless noted otherwise.
1.3.1. COMPANY
Refers to PT. CALTEX PACIFIC INDONESIA, as the ultimate user and owner,
the authorized representative of COMPANY or COMPANY third party
inspection.
1.3.2. CONTRACTOR
Refers to company selected by COMPANY, which may be responsible for the
detailed engineering design, material and equipment procurement, and
construction as specified in Contract, Scope of Work, or Work Order.
1.3.3. Vendor
Refers to the company selected by COMPANY or CONTRACTOR, which is
responsible for the purchase agreement or purchase order.

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PT. CALTEX PACIFIC INDONESIA Surface Investigation
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Note:
?? For EPC project purposes:
The terminology shall have the meanings as above.
?? For “Direct Procurement” purpose:
Vendor shall also be responsib le as CONTRACTOR.

1.4. Conflicting Requirements


1.4.1. In case of conflict between this Specification and its associated Specifications
and the above Codes and Standards, the Vendor shall bring the matter to the
COMPANY’s attention for resolution and approval in writing. However, the
most stringent requirement shall apply.
1.4.2. Should conflicts exist between this specification and other documents, the
following order of precedence shall govern:
?? Scope of Work
?? Data Sheets.
?? This Specification
?? Other COMPANY Specifications
?? Other Referenced Publications
?? Approved for Construction Drawings
?? Vendor’s Code

2. METHODOLOGY AND EXECUTION PLAN

2.1. Scope of Works


This Methodology and execution Plan of Topographical Survey, covers the following
works (unless specified otherwise):
(1) Installation of Benchmark
(2) Topographical survey at Gathering Station with scale 1 : 500 and grid every 10 m
interval or as per COMPANY requirement.
(3) Topographical surveys for Pipeline route, with scale 1 : 500 and grid every 25 m
interval or as per COMPANY requirement.
(4) Topographical survey for Road and location, with scale 1 : 500 or 1 : 1000 and grid
every 10 m interval or as per COMPANY requirement.
(5) Topographical survey for Borrow Pit, with scale 1 : 500 and grid every 10 m interval or
as per COMPANY requirement.
(6) Topographical survey at Building and other facilities with scale 1 : 500 and grid every
10 m interval or as per COMPANY requirement.

2.2. Installation of Benchmark


The purposed of Benchmark establishment is intended to be used as a permanent point over
the field, that point in future particularly during the construction stage can be used as
reference point within stake out stage.

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The Benchmark will be installed on the stable area, easily identified and reachable. Shape
and size of benchmark are planned to have dimensions or 20 cm x 20 cm x 70 cm, buried
approximately 55cm below the ground level and the rest of 15 cm will be clearly appeared
above the ground level.
2.2.1. Traverse Survey
(1) The position of traverse stations will be determined based on a full study
using topographical maps and reconnaissance of the site.
(2) Traverse stations will be established at the places where observations of
intersecting angles and measurement or distance can be easily carried out
without interfering with traffic.
(3) Provide the determined traverse station with wooden stakes or similar
objects, which will not entail displacement and settlement. The existing
structures regarding which there are no possibilities of displacement and
settlement may be used as traverse stations.
(4) A traverse route will be a closed traverse.
2.2.2. Azimuth and Coordinates
(1) The azimuth of traverse will be the clockwise angle measured from the solar
north.
(2) Existing coordinate system of the site will be used.
2.2.3. Observation of Horizontal Angles
(1) Horizontal angles will be measured using. Tota l Station or Combination of
T-2 Theodolite and EDM (Electronic Distance Measurement).
(2) The number of observation will be twice or more.
(3) When observed angles do not fall within the maximum allowable value of 40
seconds, carry out re-surveying. When the observed value fall within the
above limit, the arithmetic mean value thereof will be taken as the
determined value.
2.2.4. Measurement of Distance
(1) Two-way measurements will be made using with tape measure and electronic
Distance Measurement WILD DI- 1001 regarding of distance will be made in
millimeter.
(2) When the measured value fall within 1/10000, the arithmetic mean value
thereof will be taken as the determined value.
2.2.5. Calculation
(1) After the completion of traversing, distances, direction angles, and
coordinate shall be computed.
(2) If the error of closure of the direction angle as well as the ratio or errors of
closure of the coordinates fall within the limit shown below, the error of
closure will be distributed equally over the traverse stations.
?? Error of closure o direction 10? N sec angle

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?? Ratio of error of closure of 1/3000 or less coordinates


?? N : Number of sides of a traverse route

2.2.6. Elevation of Benchmarks


Elevation of benchmarks will be decided by direct leveling survey. A leveling
route for measuring benchmarks will be selected in such a way that the route
starts from existing benchmark, and return either to the original benchmark or
another existing benchmark in the area
2.2.6.1 Observation
(1) Two way observations by level using a pair of staff will be carried
out. Lengths of foresights and back sights will be kept very nearly
equal. As a rule, the length will be not exceeding 70 m.
(2) Reading of observation values will be made in millimeters.
2.2.6.2 Limits In Observation Value
(1) Limits in observation value in leveling will be as follows:
?? Error of two way observation 20 mm or less for each 1 km.
?? Error of closure 15? S mm or less
Where S is one way distance in kilometer.
(2) When the error of closure falls within the specified limits, it will be
distributed equally over the survey points in proportion to the
distance between survey points.
(3) When the error of closure has exceeded the specified limits
investigate the causes thereof and carry out re surveying.
2.2.6.3 Construction of Station and Benchmarks
(1) The stations and benchmarks will be carefully constructed after
approved by the COMPANY.
(2) The Stations and benchmarks will be provided with adequate
protective fences to preserve them during construction terms.
(3) The stations and benchmarks will be clearly marked with item
number, elevation and / or coordinate.

2.3. Control Point Survey


Control point survey will be carried out to produce fixed coordinates of each control point
referred to the reference point subjected by the Company Engineer.
2.3.1. Survey Procedures
?? All benchmark (both existing and new installed) in the survey area will be
measured and made connected to the reference point.
?? Network map survey will be made as loop or close route.
?? Survey method for this control point survey will be carried out by Geodetic
GPS or Traversing and Leveling survey.

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?? GPS survey will be performed if the location is available to used. Dual


frequency Geodetic GPS will be used by static Method.
?? Traversing survey will be carried out by using Total Station or Combination
of T-2 Theodolite and EDM (Electronic Distance Measurement). Horizontal
angle will be observed by a double series of Theodolite reading. Whenever
discrepancies between mean value and its series of reading more than 5”, the
next double series will be carried out. Vertical angle will be observed by face
left and face right reading into consideration the error of collimating line.
Slope distance will be observed at least 3 times display. Horizontal distance
will be obtained from forward and backward slope distance and it’s
respective to vertical angle. Section accuracy of network scheme will be:

?? Angle close error = 10” ? n and linear Error = 1/10000 or better; (n =


number of point observation.)

?? Leveling survey will be carried out by using Automatic Level. Double stand
leveling will be introduced where fully optical means will be read off during
the first stand while for the second stand will be ? 3 mm. All of data reading
will be recorded to the field note for further processing. Minimum of line or
sight will be 5 m while the farthest not exceed than 60 m. To maintain the
accuracy, total backward and forward distance will be balanced and also the
staff will be supported by foot-staff. Section accuracy of network scheme
will be:
?? All field data will be carefully recorded for further processing and
description or each control point will be taken for documentation and
completed with clear sketches how to reach.

3. TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY
(1) Topographical survey will be include of horizontal control survey, vertical control survey and
survey the whole site using cross section in every 10 meters.
(2) Topographical map will show horizontal detail and elevation of the ground.

3.1. Horizontal Control Survey


(1) Sufficient number of control benchmarks for detail will be installed.
(2) Location of the control benchmarks will be decided by site reconnaissance
(3) All coordinates of control benchmarks will be decided according to the existing
benchmark by means or traverse survey.
(4) Accuracy of coordinate of existing benchmark will be confirmed by traverse survey.

3.2. Vertical Control Survey


(1) Sufficient number of temporary benchmarks will be installed for the whole site survey
of areas.

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(2) All elevation of the temporary benchmarks will be decided according to the existing
benchmark by means of direct leveling survey.

3.3. The Whole Site Survey, Cross / Longitudinal survey


(1) Horizonta l and vertical detail of areas will be surveyed based on the control
benchmarks.
(2) Cross section will be surveyed by direct leveling at 25 m interval.
(3) Total Station or Combination of T-2 Theodolite and EDM will be used to collect data
of cross section.
(4) Beginning Point (BP), Intersection Point (IP) and Ending Point (EP) will be set out of
each cross section line from the nearby control point.
(5) Wooden peg or concrete marker will be established for each marking BP, IP and EP.
(6) Traversing and leveling work will be carried out to preserve coordinates and elevation
of BP,IP and EP referred to existing BM.
(7) The measuring intervals of cross section will be 5 to 10 m and all remarkable changes
of topography will be measured.
(8) All fields will be carefully recorded for further processing.

3.4. The Gathering Station


The details for Gathering Stations will be taken at intervals of 10 – 20 m. The results will
be processed and shown with 0.5 m contour intervals on maps 1 : 500. The details of
buildings, roads, tracks, vegetation, agr icultural areas, fences lines and any water courses or
wetlands will be set out on the drawings provided. Such contour maps will also contain:
?? Any reference points or monuments
?? True north and the grid system adopted
?? The nature of the terrain and features identified
?? Cross sections of areas of interest, as specified by COMPANY

3.5. Topographical Survey for Pipeline Route


Topographical survey for pipeline route will be performed similar with the topographical
survey for Gathering Station. Along the proposed pipeline route, the details will be taken at
intervals 25 m in order to produce longitudinal profile. Cross section will be taken
measured at intervals of 100 m, the details of each cross section will be taken up to 12.5 m
each side from the proposed pipeline route at intervals 10 m.
The results will be processed and shown with 0.5 m contour intervals. The details of
buildings, roads, tracks, vegetation, agricultural areas, fence lines and any water courses or
wetlands will be set out on the drawings provided. Such contour maps will also contain:
?? Any reference points or monuments
?? True north and the grid system adopted
?? The nature of the terrain and features identified
?? Cross sections of areas of interest, as specified by the COMPANY
?? Longitudinal profile along the proposed pipeline route

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3.6. Topographical Survey for Road & Location


The details for Road & Location will be taken at intervals of 10 – 25 m. The results will be
processed and shown with 0.5 m contour intervals on maps 1 : 500 or 1 : 1000. The details
of buildings, tracks, vegetation, agricultural areas and any water courses or wetlands will be
set out on the drawings provided. Such contour maps will also contain:
?? Any reference points or monuments
?? True north and the grid system adopted
?? The nature of the terrain and features identified
?? Cross sections of areas of interest, as specified by COMPANY

3.7. Topographical Survey for Borrow Pit


The details for Borrow Pit will be taken at intervals of 10 – 20 m. The results will be
processed and shown with 0.5 m contour interva ls on maps 1 : 500. The details of roads,
tracks, agricultural areas, and any water courses or wetlands will be set out on the drawings
provided. Such contour maps will also contain:
?? Any reference points or monuments
?? True north and the grid system adopted
?? Cross sections of areas of interest, as specified by COMPANY

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