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Instructional Material

Mata pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris


Sekolah : SMA Negeri 1 Gowa
Kelas/ Semester : XI IPA / Ganjil
Materi pokok : News Item
Waktu : Pertemuan ke 3

B. Kompetensi Dasar (KD) dan Indikator Pencapaian Kompetensi (IPK)

Kompetensi Dasar (KD) Indikator Pencapaian Kompetensi (IPK)

3.4 Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur  Mengidentifikasi beberapa teks news item
teks, dan unsur kebahasaan  Mengidentifikasi bagian-bagian struktur teks
beberapa teks news item lisan dan news item menggunakannya seperti yang
tulis dengan memberi dan meminta dicontohkan
informasi terkait berita sederhana  Membedakan unsur kebahasaan teks (passive
dari koran/radio/TV, sesuai dengan voice dan indirect speech)
konteks penggunaannya  Menyimpulkan isi teks
4.4 Menangkap makna secara  Membuat teks news item.
kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial,  Mempresentasikan teks news item kepada
struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teman-teman di depan kelas
teks news items lisan dan tulis,
dalam bentuk berita sederhana
koran/radio/TV

C. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan pembelajaran dengan pendekatann pedagogik genre, saintifik dengan model
pembelajaran discovery learning dan PPP, peserta didik mampu:

1. mengidentifikasi beberapa teks information report teks


2. mengidentifikasi bagian-bagian struktur teks report dan menggunakannya seperti yang
dicontohkan,
3. membedakan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks news item,
4. menyimpulkan isi teks,
5. membuat teks-teks tentang fenomena alam dan fenomena sosial pendek dan sederhana.
6. mempresentasikan teksnya kepada teman-teman di depan kelas.
1. FIRST MEETING
Indikator : Mengidentifikasi beberapa teks information report
Mengidentifikasi bagian-bagian struktur teks report dan mengamati cara
penggunaanya, seperti yang dicontohkan

A. BUILDING KNOWLEDGE OF THE FIELD

Discuss these questions with your pairs.

1. Do you know what the picture is?


2. When did you know it firstly?
3. Where did you know it?
4. What do you think of the contents of the newspaper?
5. What is the other news media?

B. MATERI

 Purpose of News Item

News Item Text is used to inform readers about events of the day which are considered
newsworthy or important.
Or
– To inform the readers about newsworthy or important events of the day
– To present information the readers about newsworthy or important events of the day

 Generic Structure of News Item

# Main Events / Newsworthy event(s): it recounts the event in summary form.


# Elaboration / Background event(s): they elaborate what happened, to whom, in what
circumstance
# Resource of Information (Source) : it contains comments by participants in, witnesses to
and authorities expert on the event

 Language Feature of News Item``


- Focusing on circumstances (using a simple language in writing the text)
- Using saying verbs: “….”, She said, informed, told, reported.
- Sometimes at the beginning of news, the scene is mentioned : Jakarta – … .. / Kuala
Lumpur – …
- Using Past tense in explaining news events. But if it is a fact that until now still happen
or still in the form of fact, then can use simple present tense.
- Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline
- Using adverbs: time, place and manner.
- Uses of material processes to retell the event
TEXT 1

Actor Didi Petet dies aged 58


Veteran actor Didi Widiatmoko, popularly known as Didi Petet, died at the age of
58 at his residence in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat, South Tangerang, on Friday morning.
Didi’s niece Muthia Kautsar said that Didi, who starred in a number of comedy and drama
films in the 1980s and 1990s, collapsed and lost consciousness when attending an expo in
Milan, Italy, recently.
“He just arrived home on May 10 after attending the exhibition. In that city, he
collapsed and lost consciousness and returned home in a wheelchair,” she said.
On Tuesday, Didi was taken to Bandung for treatment. Muthia said no diseases were
detected but he died on Friday.Didi’s body is laid out in his residence on Jl. Bambu Apus in
Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat, South Tangerang. It has yet to be decided when and where he will
be buried.

Generic structure news item text


Newsworthy events : Didi Petet dies aged 58
Background Events : Didi Petet dies at his residence in Sasak
Source : Didi’s niece, Muthia Kautsar

More details about news item:


Didi Petet dies aged 58.
Main event

Didi Petet, Muthia Kautsar.


Who was involved?

When did it happen? On Friday morning.

In his residence in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat, South Tangerang.


Where did it happen?

Source of news Muthia Kautsar


Statement from Muthia “He just arrived home on May 10 after attending the
Kautsar exhibition. In that city, he collapsed and lost
consciousness and returned home in a wheelchair,” she
said.
On Tuesday, Didi was taken to Bandung for treatment.
Muthia said no diseases were detected but he died on
Friday.Didi’s body is laid out in his residence on Jl. Bambu
Apus in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat, South Tangerang. It has
yet to be decided when and where he will be buried.
2. SECOND MEETING
Indikator: Membedakan unsur kebahasaan teks (passive voice)

TEXT 2

Veteran actor Didi Widiatmoko, popularly known as Didi Petet, died at the age of 58 at his
residence in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat, South Tangerang, on Friday morning.
Didi’s niece Muthia Kautsar said that Didi, who starred in a number of comedy and drama films in the
1980s and 1990s, collapsed and lost consciousness when attending an expo in Milan, Italy, recently.
“He just arrived home on May 10 after attending the exhibition. In that city, he collapsed and
lost consciousness and returned home in a wheelchair,” she said.
On Tuesday, Didi was taken to Bandung for treatment. Muthia said no diseases were detected but
he died on Friday.Didi’s body is laid out in his residence on Jl. Bambu Apus in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat,
South Tangerang. It has yet to be decided when and where he will be buried.

 What does passive voice mean? The passive writing voice occurs when something that
is ordinarily “done by” the subject of a sentence is “done by” the object of a sentence.
 In the passive writing voice, whatever is doing the action of the sentence is not the
grammatical subject of the sentence.

Forming the passive voice


The passive voice is not a tense in English. Each tense has its own passive voice
which is created by using a form of the auxiliary verb to be + V3 (past participle)
The passive voice in each tense:

Auxiliary verb + sample V3


Tense Examples
(past participle)

Present Wine is made from grapes.


am, is, are + made
simple Many cars are made in Japan.

The document is being sent right now.


Present
am, is, are + being + sent I am being sent to work in the London
progressive
office.

John was invited to speak at the


conference.
Past simple was, were + invited
We were invited to Daniel and Mary’s
wedding.
Auxiliary verb + sample V3
Tense Examples
(past participle)

The dog was being washed when I got


Past home.
was, were + being + washed
progressive Their cars were being washed while they
were in the mall shopping.

The contract will be signed tomorrow.


Future (will) will be + signed The documents will all be signed by next
week.

A bridge is going to be built within the


Future (going next two years.
am, is, are + going to be + built
to) New houses are going to be built in our
neighborhood.

That start-up has been sold for $5


Present million.
has, have + been + sold
perfect The rights to his book have been sold for
$250,000.

The new manager had been hired before


John left the company.
Past perfect had + been + hired
All the employees had hired before the
store opened.

The car will have been loaded by the


Future time he gets home.
will + have been + finished
perfect The crates will have been loaded by
then.

A passport can only be issued at the


Modals: embassy.
can, could + be + issued
can/could He said the documents could be issued
within the week.

A babysitter has to be arranged for this


Modal: have have to, has to, had to + be + evening.
to arranged Joan’s travel plans have to be arranged
by December.
Auxiliary verb + sample V3
Tense Examples
(past participle)

Criminals must be stopped before they


Modal: must must + be + stopped
commit crimes.

All of the rules for passive negatives and questions are the same as for the active voice.

Note: Verbs that have no object (no one to “receive” the action) cannot be put into the passive, such as,
arrive, come, die, exist, go, happen, have, live, occur sleep, etc.

3. THIRD MEETING
Indikator: Membedakan unsur kebahasaan teks ( indirect speech)

Veteran actor Didi Widiatmoko, popularly known as Didi Petet, died at the age of 58 at his
residence in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat, South Tangerang, on Friday morning.
Didi’s niece Muthia Kautsar said that Didi, who starred in a number of comedy and drama films in the
1980s and 1990s, collapsed and lost consciousness when attending an expo in Milan, Italy, recently.
“He just arrived home on May 10 after attending the exhibition. In that city, he collapsed
and lost consciousness and returned home in a wheelchair,” she said.
On Tuesday, Didi was taken to Bandung for treatment. Muthia said no diseases were detected but he
died on Friday.Didi’s body is laid out in his residence on Jl. Bambu Apus in Sasak Tinggi, Ciputat,
South Tangerang. It has yet to be decided when and where he will be buried.
 Definition of Indirect Speech. Indirect speech is also known as Reported
Speech, Indirect Narration or Indirect Discourse. In grammar, when you report
someone else's statement in your own words without any change in the meaning of
the statement is calledindirect speech

Direct Speech: Rano said, “I saw the movie.”

Indirect Speech: Rano said that he had seen the movie.

Direct Speech: “I am hungry” said Angelina.

Indirect Speech: Angelina said that she was hungry.

Direct Speech: My father said, “I want to meet your roommate.”

Indirect Speech: My father said that he wanted to meet my roommate.

Direct Speech: He said, “I bring my Spider-man costume today.”

Indirect Speech: He said that he brought his Spider-man costume that day.
4. FOURTH MEETING
Indikator: Membuat teks news item.

Title Indonesian maid beheaded in Saudi Arabia

News worthy The woman was beheaded in the Southern Asir province in
what was the second execution in the country.

Background The maid was earlier found of suffocating her female boss
and stealing her jewellery. Rape, murder and other serious
crimes can carry the death penalty in the conservative desert
kingdom.
Last year, Saudi Arabia, which follow a strict intepretation of
Syaria, Islamic law executed more than 130 people.

source (Taken from: www.news.bbc.co.id)